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THE BURLINGTON FREE FRE5S AND TIMES: THURSDAY, FEURUART 24, 101ft. THS WKKKLT TKHR 1'ItKSa, S rents per copy, E0 cents for six monUis, SI. .10 per yenr, postage, paid. Advertisements and subscriptions re ceived at the office, ISO College streot. pull advortlslMK rates sent on nppllciv tlon. Accounts ran'ut bo spoiled for sub ecriptlons. Subscribers will please re mit with order. Humes nro not entered rlntll payment Is received, and nil papers are ntopr.ed at the end of the time paid for. Remittance at the rt.k of the sub. rcrlber unless made by registered lot ir, or by cheek cir postal older pay iihln to the. publishers. The. (Tate when the .subscription ex pires I nn the, address-label of each paper, the change of whlrh to n ih sefjitent date becomes n receipt for re mittance. No other receipt Is sent un less requested. The receipt of Mia paper Is a suFlclent receipt for the first i r-ubscrlpMon. When n chance of address Is destrei' both the old and new nddressos he.itld be given. Terms (Jl.flrt n Yenr. In Aclvnuce. OVILY by mull St.on n year In advance. )! ATE IX CVNAIJA. DAILY Jl.00 n yenr In advance. IVmif I.Y . . . r.Z.nn n renr In ndvnnee. rnr.n rttr.s! association. Publishers, llurllDSlnii. Vt. untMNf.iT' in. tjiVRsday, run. u. WANTED. 7hen you want anything, advertise In tho new rpeclil column of this paper. Bomo hnrwilns Rrc offered there this week wUeh It will ;..V you to renrt about fe" pig" two. This paper hue tuiTe t' rn r.OOC renders every week mid cue cunt a word will reach them all, t i bU' mujw fall Is the poor man's c HI r Vermont ought to have If,, ,,t f 1 tups the coming scaeon. An I l' "in way. this Is a great Mmo to 1 Vervont land, for It Is sure to Ji. r 'i price. T - Now Y' "k New Haven aim Uu'tfcid r-.llro.id t rurally objects :i Iho rxte-isto:i cf V . Grind Trunk Into Its It! fide lslnt'l tf '-it "-. The iUes II. in now l wli I'm dv. lopmonts will lend to show U " i c -- w Haven sys tem owns ni;i..i " 11 r.ngland or I at the pi opl. i U i-upreme In that terilt'Ty. The I'.ochrstcr pnpeis say that road Minorities In western New York me "trjlng out the experiment of rolling I'own tlie mow In the highways with Jicavy roller' Instead of rosnrting to tin- old-fashioned method of shovel ing," Vermont could r.nvn told our Now York neighbors long ago how mow rollers work. No paper except the New York Post Would rise to Inquire If "tho duty of ivo couth a dozen on foreign eggs rep- esent.i the difference In the cost of labor between this count) y nnd F.U -ope." The metropolitan eontempnr ,rv foig. ts evldentlv that under tho iew law American eggs must have the "ato blown In tho shell. A creamery company In Kansas has Just been convicted on fifteen coints if selling short weight butter prints, and sentenced to pay a flno of (1,500. Kansas evidently needs man testing associations as well as cow Jesting organizations. In the mean time If any Vermont creamery Is ever ?und guilty of this offense, the pen Jlty should be made to tit tho clime isalnst our commonwealth's good name. The Island Pond Herald touches a vital point In the following paragraph: It Is a tafe proposition that thnro tan not be too man." wn Iters on tho ,'ai:nr., and prevailing prices indicate that farming, on the average, Is tho evo.n printable busine", Till- la a fart which people will soon real!?." more '.ban over before and whn that tine ai rives, as President Hill of M.e Groat Northern railroad has pointed out prices of farm lands v. Ill advance by leaps, and bounds. rnn nostra aai itiilio mohaia. Ono of th anest and moat whole on.e utterances nc hAVe noted In a lonj time in connection with leglrla V n dlre te,l ngaliiht various abiihes h tl.a' .t tUo Ilsrtford Times, quoted "n I r column. The Connecticut :oi"e orary says among other things: '"I r real c- ra for most of the evils v' n w cr.Kse th attention of o"r lawri'akors must bo provided In Hie tir. Inlr.j,- of ohll.lren In the Am trlcan home tnd tho American puirtlc ichool " This trutli should b published In let ters of shining light that would never grow dim. The greatest menace of the, American republic today is to bo found in tho ilecadoncn of tho Ameri can home. With the father given wholly ovor to business or politics or plmsuro seeking or woro and the mother devoting her time almost whol ly to fashion or idlo pleasure or worse nd tho chlldron left to look after lhemsclves or .tecum their moral train ing from servants or from the. streot, It Is no wonder that Inquiries Into jtihllc corruption are the order of the Jny. Tho homo is tho fountuln bond f public morals. rAlVNINO IMIUSTniKH IX vijhmoxt Th9 FUVC VRK8S which has been 'leoking to promote iho production of Vrult, cereal, and vesfetableH for can alng purposes Jn Vermont, notes with ratification the following editorial Jcr.-.xraph in tho Brattleboro PhocnU: "Tho corn canning Industry In this Stato l.i lookiiiff up, also. II. C. Uax tor & llrother of Brunawirk, Mo., who operate the canning establishments in Jlrattleboro, Westminster and AVlnd- sor, hftvo closed their factory In Cor nish, Me., find tho machinery will bo moved to Urntlford, Vt., where tho llrm recently bought a tract of land for Mm purpose, of building u large, fnctory In the. sprltur." In vlow of tho superior quality nnd flavor of Vermont fruit, vegetables and corn we lmvo been unablo to un derstand why most of our grocern should bo selling goods canned In other States. The action of the concern In question In starting a canning In dustry In llrndfnrcl Is a step In tho right direction nnd wo hope other lo calities may oon prollt In like man ner. We wish In this connection that the 'cn-.umers of Vermont would cnll on roeer for goods canned In this i We would llko also to ask, If It l. I lie thnt th products of tho con cern!! in Vermont named are put up In cons labelled an n Maine product, nnd It fo if It Is not time to call n halt. AITO l,tV AM) ItOAI) PltOI'HC TIOX. It Is stated In connection with tl r mnetlng of automobile owners In Wash ington to secure federal regulation of utoniobltn, that Wll"nm A. Thlbe deau, general counsel for the American Autoinobllo nsooclntlon criticised the Vermont law most severely. He said it was Impossible to go Into tho Stale without violating the law, and ex pressed tho opinion that. In vlow of that fact thnt Vermont does 14, 000,000 worth of biislnrs yearly, much of it with outsldeis, It could nfford to amend In automobile law. On the other hand, it would probably be impossible to compute tho expense to the State growing out of the dam aging of our highways through the exccfslvo rate of speed at which many of tin' sitors drive their auto cars; and It Is only fair thnt they should bear some portion of tho expense of repairing the same. Uestrlctlon of speed was Imposed at the outset almost wholly as a matter of protection to people. Develop ments In connection with the effect of excesslvo speed on macadam and other modern roads have shown that restric tion must now lie Imposed also as a protection for our permanent high ways. When our visitors realize, all this they will appreciate tho fact that Ver mont's auto legislation Is rlmply what all Plates will be forced to adopt soon er or later, If their loads nro to be pi eirvi.ll. TUP. CHAM) THII.Mv r.XTMXSIO.V The proposition to provide the f'.rand Trunk with an ocean terminal at Providence, H. 1., In addition to those In operation at New lon- don, f'onn.. and Portland, Me., Is attracting wide attention, and inci dentally tho discussion Illustrates what Is In a name. The New York Post In tills connection rays: "Tlie suggestion that the firnnd Trunk system bo extended by contin uing the Central Vermont line from Palmer, Mass., to Providence, H. J h an Interesting ono and contains many possibilities of development that may benefit Vermont. It Is evident that such a route would be a rival of tin New Haven system, and the Hartford IConn.) Times calls attention to the fnet that the Central Vermont is de pendent on tho Iloston & Maine, con trolled by the New Haven, for trnfllt facilities between Windsor and Hr.it tleboro, a distance of fifty miles. Tills fact may play an Important part In thu matter. 'The Grand Trunk now owns and lenses 4,706 miles of road, and when tho Grand Trunk Pacific Is completed it will be one of tho great est of American railroads, unil rtiile to divert a largo amount of freight trafllc to tho proposed Providence ter nilnal. A big fight may be expected ovor tho granting of a tranch'.re bv the Rhode Island Legislature." If wo remember correctly the IJos ton & Mnlno h also dependent upon tho Central Vermont for a consider able dIManco In the Connecticut val ley for the use of trackage, so that the New Haven's now system can not tnll the Central Vermont to jret off Mih track without receiving a retort In kind, Hnllroads are not biting off their own noies tnese days as a rule. What tho contemporary says re garding tho Importance of the Grand Trunk system is true, and If tho wise policy President Hays Is Instituting In fljrhtlns for better service and low er rates for the people Is continued porslstently, It will be the most pop ular road In this whole region of Now Knglnnd and will bo welcomed wllli open arms wherever It wants to bulfH an extension. I'XCI.K SAM ASKHI) TO IU II.I) LO CAL IIIIillWAVS. Tor n number of yearn tho repio sontatlves In Conirress from various Htntos of mnrrnlflcent distances huve been endotivorlng to nniugglo mo some bill a measure, providing for the adoption by 1'noln Sam of the policy of building highways for the. benefit of sections held to bo too poor to secure theso publlo Improvements for them selves. Tho arguments adduced In sup port of this proposition are familiar to Vermont legislators, who biennially nie besieged with demands that the larger and more wealthy towns shall help build roads for the towns thut cannot afford to 3o this work on their own account. It mufct be admitted that thoro is as much Justice and ns much reason In a wny In the national road proposition as In thnt familiar in our own Stnte. Wo imagine, however, that all tho people of Vermont, Including residents of small towns ns well as large, will bo able to seo that thero Is no good and sufficient reason why the older States that have constructed their own highways, should now turn to nnd help build rondo nonius the boundless pral-1 rlus of sumo western State or through the mountain fastness of somo south ern conimotiwenlth. I.onjf beforo the Into Senator Ilcd- field Proctor died ho aal caught the trend of vailoiis schemes In succession, hnvlng for their ultlmnte object tho adoption of the policy of providing government highways, particularly for rural delivery routes In sparsely settled regions of tho South nnd West, nnd no project of this kind, howovor adroitly concealed, was able to es- capo his fai-renchlng vision. Tho latest form which this under taking has assumed Is an amendment to tho agricultural appropriation bill providing $500,000 for the improvement of ronds on which rurnl free delivery has been or may he established, one condition being: that tho fund shall not be nvnllnhlo for any road Improvement for n which a like amount In not fur nished by tho State or county In which tlie Improvement Is to be made. No argument U required to empha size the danger lo tho States that have provided for their own roads em bodied In thin apparently hnrmless piopoiltton, and It Is safe to ray that tin) delegations In Congress from Now llnglatid Klntes will not be caught napping in Ibis conneetlnn. XO COIIPOIt ATIOV I'CIIIilCITV. That feature of Mm corporation tax law to which the corporations object almost ns much r.s to the tax Itself, anil In some ca?es even more, Is the provisions for the publication of re turns secured In that connection by tlie collectors of internal revenue un der the new law. It can be readily understood wh; i-orporntlons whose success depends mi i ertn'.n conditions which they have hruiight about, would legard publicity in relation thereto as a serious uieno' to tbolr success, and why they should do everything In their power to block tlie operation of that particular provision of the law. Vurinont has few great corporations as compared with most States, and It Is natural that our people should not feel and appreciate the effects of cor poration opposition to tho publicity feature of the federal corporation tax law as have. tlioso of neighboring States, yet even In Vermont there has mmo to be a strong sentiment In op position to this provision of tho law in question. According to present indications, however, the chances are that cor porations will not bo subjected to tlie annoying nnd sometimes damaging effects of publication of some of the valuable secrets of their business. Advices from Washington nrn to the effect that in spite of President Taft's request sent to Speaker Cannon for an appropriation of $50,000 with which to do collate and bind the returns se- " collectors of intern, revenue, the money necesrary for this purpose Is not likely to be forthcom ing in time to permit tho carrying out of the publicity provision. Not a few of our national legis lators take tho position that In spite of the Incorporation of the publicity provision in tho corporation tax law, It Is not desirable lo embarrass cor porations further than by taxing them as the lav.- provides. 1'ndor these cir cumstances the chances aro that ad vantage will bu taken of every tech nical obstacle to postpone the action by Congress necessary to make pos sible the carrying out of the provision In relation to publicity. Tl ere appear to be real obstacles In the path of the appropriation called for by President Taft, however. The sum asked for can not he granted in any of the regular appropratlon bills, as the impropriations they carry will not bt available for um until next year, and uiuUr the law tho corpora tion returns are to be compiled and bound and placed In the bureau of In terna! revenue In such form as will make them available for examlnatlrn by the public. This being tho situation tho appro priation needed must be provided In connection with the general deficiency bill am! this Is not usually passed by Congress until the eve of adjourn ment as this measure furnishes a coi venlellt vehicle for npprt pi lations forgotten or ovei looked In connec tion with varloUH projects both gen eral and special. Tin. prnvtitllng opin ion recms to be tha; no money will bo granted by Congress for the pur poe In question until the Supreme Court of the t'nlted Stntes has passed upon the validity of tho law In con nection with the Vermont case brought by tho Hon. Maxwell Hvarts for the purpofe of testing tho measure. Meanwhile tho democrats are try ing to make party capital In connec tion with this queatlon, nnd In view of tho paucity of opportunities they have enjoyed In that direction they can hardly ho blamed fnr tnklng ad vantage of this chance. The demo crats assert that If, tho republicans do not Include an appropriation in the doflclency Mil, ns requested by Presi dent Taft, they will move to Insor. if and thoy express tho bellof that tho republicans will not daro to vote against such an amendment. All things considered it seems stfc to predict that If the Supreme Court of tho I'nltcd States pronounces the corporation tax law constitution.!, tho republicans will Fee to It thnt the money necessary for the full enforce ment of the law is forthcoming, The diminishing Importance of a store Is1 always Inferred from a reduced sd vertlcltiB upace. FILTHY ENGLISH SPARROWS, Agricultural Department Tells How to Destroy Them. Xnnierntin nnd I1-Irmly ICsliibllnlieil Over Mont of Mie Country It Hnd Qualities Fnr OiUnelgh It's fJooil Onrfl. Farmers' bulletin JS3 Issued by the Unl ted States department of agriculture con- i slsts of a report by Ned Dearborn, assist ant In the biological survey, on "How to Destroy English Sparrows." In a letter of transmittal to the Secretary of Agri culture, II. W. Uenshnw, acting chief of Iho biological survey, says; "Introduced Into the t'nlted Slates many yenrn ngo from Kurope, thin ppar roiv has multiplied and extended Its range until now It Is numerous and firm ly established over most of the coun try. Tho bad qualities of tho bird far outweigh Its good ones, nnd, although Its extermination Is impracticable, a re duction of Its numbers Is feasible nnd Important. Tho present bulletin alms to di scribe the best methods of destruction." The bulletin, with Illustrations of nest ing boxes and trnps, follows: INTflODUCTlON. In Its economic relations the English sparrow among birds Is comparable to the rat among mammal. It Is cunning, destructive, and filthy. Tills spaiTow was Introduced Into America sbout sixty years ago, and is now distributed generally over the eastern half of the Pulled Stall ii nnd southern Ctniedn and loyally west ward to the Pacific eo.int. This rapid dis semination la a result of tho bird's har diness, extraordinary fecundity, diversity of food, argnesslve disposition, and al most complete Immunity from natural en emies through It sagacity and Its prefer ence for thickly settled communities. Its natural diet constats of seeds, but It eats a great variety of other foods While much of If. annual fare consists f wasto material from the streets. In au tumn nnd winter It con.TUmes quautltic of weed seed, and In summer numerous Insects. The destruction of weed seed Is undeniably in tho sparrow's favor. Its record as to lnscts Is not so clear There Is substantial evidence that It eats cer tain harmful Insects quite freely when these ar abundnnt, but that It habitu ally seeks Insects, or thnt its prefers them to seeds, or other lcgetahle food, Is not borno out by the evidence Out of .".22 Kngllsh sparrow stomachs examined by the biological survey. 47 contained nox ious Insects, 50 cont-ilned benetlcl.il In fects, nnd 31 contained Inserts of little or no economic Importune. This report shows conclusively thnt, aside from the destruction of weed seed, there Is very PI sr. n. little to be said in the sparrow's favor. On the other hand, much uin be said against the bird. It destroys mull fiuits, r.s cherries, grapes, pear, and peaches. It also destroys buds nnd flowers of cul tivated trees, shrubs, and vines. In tlie garden It eats seeds as they ripen, and nips off tender young vegetables as they appear above ground, peas ami lettuce being especially subject to attack. It damages wheat and other grains when newly sowert, ripening, and In shocks. It reduces the numbers of some of our most useful native species, such ns bluebiids, house wrens, purple martins, tree swal lows, cliff -wallows, and barn swallow, by destroying the eggs and young and by usurping the nesting pl.ve. It at tacks other familiar native birds, a the lobln, wren, red-eyed vlieo, catbird, and mocking bird, causing them to desert paiks and shady stieet of towns. L'n liko our native birds whose places It he e- Plti. 1. 1'erapeeMve ami sectional ilrnvvlnKH of no Improi Ised nesting hoi; for the Interior of IiiiIIiIIubn, usurps, It has no song, hut Is noisy and vituperative. It defiles biilldhiRs and or namental trefs, shrubs, and lnos with Its excrement and with lis bulky iiesu. The evidence against the ICngllsh spar row Is overwhelming, and the luesent unfriendly attitude of tho public toward It Is reflected In our State laws. Nowhere Is It Included among the birds that nre pioteeteel. In I espouse to frequent In quiries for means af abating tho sparrow nuisance received by tho biological sur vey, a few approved methods ajijillenble to different conditions nre hern described, Sparrows frequently give nnnoyanrn by roosting In ornamental vines and In crevices nbout buildings. Jf driven out late at night, several nights In succession, they will usually desert tho roost. A Joe of water from a garden hose Is a potent disturber, particularly on frosty nights. Where water Is not available, small Roman candles my ba amployfil. Though sparrows may be driven from a given neighborhood, the relief thus ob tained In only temporary, and has Mm further objection that the nuisance Is sim ply transferred elsewhere. More drastic, action ! therefore preferable. PHI! VHNTION OP INCHUASH, Tho most oiTectlvo method of preventing the lncicaso of sparrow h In a locality Is to destroy their nests at Intervals of ten or twelvo days thioughoiit tho breeding ;oason. Occasionally they build large coveied nosls In Irces, but iia a ruto they build open neiits In bliil house, elictrio IlKht hoods, cornices, waterspouts, and fclliillnr places.- While It Is often dlffi- cult lo reach nests with the hand, they can usually he lorn down by means of a long polo hnvlng an Iron hook at tho tip. lly a concerted and continued move ment to destroy ovoy nest after tho egg nro laid, English rparrows In any locality may be gradually reduced without re Bolting to shot or poison. MKTHODS Of l)i:STHi:CTION.-AT NHSTS. The. sparrow's habit of nesting In cav ities can be turned to account against It. I!y providing one-room bird bonnes, or even packing boxes or tin cans, and put ting them In trees or on polts or building nt a height of about 10 feet, the birds may bo cnptuifd nfter dntk with the aid of a long-handled net. This tiel should have a deep bag and n. small hoop inado to tit the front of the boxes closely. After the net has hern quietly pl.ued over tho entrance, a few laps on the box will send the tenant Into It Dilapidated buildings may sometimes be llt'.ed up for catch ing spairowx in this wa, as well as lor destroying their imkis and eggs, figure 1 shows how this ran bo done. An oidln arv wooden box may bo nailed to the In side of the building ever a bole made to ndmlt the spnrrows. The box fihould be arranged so that 'be lop or upper pari of the back can be lifted to gain access to the inside. Fl(5 2. An Inexpensive nesl bot ;'t I-ngltali t-parroivN. Tho box Illustrated In Ilgure 2 is design id to be hung on a building or u tree. IH lloor should bo about 0 Inches sqllaro and Its height at the invm nbout S Inrhn. Tho roof should be hinged at Iho top for removing tlie egg or young. Such boxes may be built of mugh boards at sll,-ht cost. l:y distributing a number of them about otchnrds. shade tiees, nnd outbuildings, and catching the sparrowi Snnrnuv Trap. that or cup), them, or !; destroying eggs, the work of et rmlnalloii may lie carried on at a season when oih'-r nu thuds are least effceti" .. PA IT I NU. Pi ellmiuary ir the following destruc tive mi a -ui es s1;in ou s .whoulil ho baited until thev a'e attin'ln rl to the spot sel ected for their execution. S I- i:rain, or waste from iho table, If -n,iili. 1 ici; ularly, w.ll soon et..' 1 -'i f cl'ii.; place. If a general I'lmpnlui Is to bo undertaken, enourb sura feeding places should bo mnlnlalii.il to attract to Mum practically all It Pnull-li spniiows In the neighborhood Tl!. can -i-.il be done In winter when f -oo I- s.-in-r- After thus baiting the '-pu-rows they mnv be trapped, shot, or puis, mod. TRAPPING. Trnps nlono are Inadequate to exter- mlnatc spanows, but a reduction of mini hern can be effected by using a shallow box not k-t.s than feet squat c, open on one clde and covered with woven who on the other. One side of this nap resis on tho giciutid, while the opposite aldo Is supported by a stick is Inches lung. Near the upper end of this silr-k Is attached a long cord, and between the lop of it ami the edge of the trap (seo fig. II) Is placed u chip, lly setting the trap over halt and pulling Mm onid from t,,,.i ,.rt) 11(,iMt of observation when a Hook ot spniruws Is beneath it, numbers of thein may bo caught. Instead of tho box described above, by which the birds urn taken allvo, nn old door or similar device may be employed as a deadfall, ellher case the trap should be kept set nnd halted un til tho spnnows aro not afraid to go under It, The best time for Mapping H just after a snowstorm, when Hie birds hao been fasting. Then, if tho ground be cleared r.nd chaff and groin bo put under the tup. the birds will crowd In mid en able the trapper to tircuin nenily all of Mie loi.il Hook. If nny e'sc-apc., they will spicid tho few f U'l'P. and before long N7 v. v : WHAT OUR NEIGHBORS SAY Plntrorni of PIcpMtooiI iiihI Mend f.'om pnrtil tn the Adinnliige of the Pornier, (Prom Iho St. .lohnsbury Calexlonlan.) At least ono advancement In Vermont politics has been made In getting enoh candidate who seriously aspires to tho office of governor to declare what prin ciples ho proposes to stand fnr In Iho campaign and during his administration. Pesldes revealing what tho man himself holies to bo It glvoH an opportunity to eeiinjin.ru what tho various candidates proposn to do. The announcement by Dr. Mead of his Ideas on publlo questions Is folluwerl by a atatement by P. O. Plt wood of Morris villi) which Is published In another column, Now let us. mako some comjiarlsoiis. J Jr. J. A. Mend hired a man to write hi'- phtfotm, P. (!. Fleetwood wroto his own. Mead bought space In the news pnticm for Iho publication of his plat form. Fleetwood sent his to the differ- nt editors for tin m to use a a matter of news if tliry wlhed or to ignore tf they thought best. We think Mr. Fleet wood's platform will be glvem as much jnihlli Ity ni- Dr. Mead's minus the gar ni idng of nn i.stnik. shanties, business buildings and "ilmmatle" introduction of Dr. Meiid'H .uil'.e. Fleetwood has cer tainly rem ill r'li- In writing his own statement. Ills is his jiursonal statement to tho voter-, Dr Mend's Is what ho paid somebody to write for iilm. Party Platform. -Mr. Fleetwood dc i I.irca tho! h,. i onMilors It n party pledge il.at shi uM in mile beforo n candidate) iiniiini anl me candidate pledged to work for i i fulfillment. Dr. Mead's posl i :on on tlii" w is- niier-t Nomina tlonii, Mr. Fleetwood .liolarei il-..-t the peoplo should directly .elect the e.uiiltihites thoy directly elect. Dr. Mead's position on this question . ni: - Col runt Pinetlees -Mr. Fleetwood be lieves tho law should clearly define nnd limit liie piiip.im for which money can be used in politics, every candidate com pelled to muke a publlo report of all the money uu mid tlie purposes for which It was uil and punishment Inflicted on .myonn violating tho law. Dr. Moad was profuUMli" Mlont on this subject. The I o'.r:.-. -Mr. Fleetwood believes illslrlrt co'.i's -hnulil ho established that could h- ir and definitely settlo ca-es of fciiO or Ii --s and have appellato Jurisdic tion In i !' oaoH where the amount ln vol.i.l I.- from $:. to trW. That Is the cases .:! small amounts aro Involved can 1, mi. mined without the expenso of pii'sniln; th- facts of the case In moie than oi.e ..nut. Dr. Mend declares a system tl. .Id give cheap and speedy Just ice ihoi.i,! be established and ex i.i n; cs i .. il' reduced by tho intro duction if ' u.ncss methods. Dr. Mead uses i.ri mc i -I I t tins white Mr. Fleetwood suggests a definite lemedy. We bellevo Mr. Fleetwood might have strengthened Ills stati-nn nt by lidding that the law should limit the jurisdiction of Justices of the peaoo to prevent the duplication of minor court expenses that has been made under tlie present system of municipal and jusiiei courts. Public Schools, Mr. Fleetwood calls, for more thorough Instruction In the fun damental elements of rending, writing spelling and arithmetic and more atten tion to agricultural. Industrial, manual and coiniiH rr lal training, In a word more practical education. Dr. Mead calls for agricultural, commercial and Industrial education and the establishment of nn agrteul'iiral school and a model farm to lntrod ace most modem methods. Hero In. Meal is mote definite than Mr. i'l.el wood and the question for the peo plo is to ilerldo whether one agricultural hool and model faun can accommodate the oo'.le of the whole State or not. roicstrj,.- Mr. Fleetwood calls for tho -t.ihllshtm.nt of State foret reserves In i n'l ro't:t where they would furnish practical education in the matter of for-f-trv. Dr. Mi. id calls for a continuation and extension of the State's forcstrv noll- ' i Here Mr. Flei iwood Is the more de- 1 finltf. lint tils Koh.tm.-, le nnn tl.o. .V,.-. people may not be n-ady for and certain-h- would require very careful study be foic It coui.l I,, I't-diiceil to jiraetlc.il form. Taxation,- Mr. Fleet wood believes tho present laws s,oni,j lie efficiently en fnreisl lielore changes lire attempted nnd I ecomiiit nds the creation of a State tax very few of the birds can be induced to r;o into one. SHOOTING. I Sparrows aro accustomed to feed in ' -so Pocks, and when thus assembled i laige nmnber can be killed by a charge i' No. 10 isbot. The best way Is to scatter . In over long, narrow areas and shoot jt'o. span-own at these halting places. Where sm0vH Infest poultry yards, the ball may be jilaced on n liorl,-,ontnl board. supported at such nn elevation that the birds i in be shot without danger to the poult y. I "Tl LIGATION OF SPARROWS FOR FOOD. Since Fnellt.h rparrows are a pest and ii i eduction ot their numbers Is Important on economic rounds, tl.- re would seem to bo no reason why the birds, when trap ped or shot, should not he utilized for food in thin countiy, a thev have ben In the Old World for lemurles. Their flc-di Is palatable and nmi.tlous, and In cliy restaurants t!ic an- often served mulct tho name of rei d uuUj BRADSTREET'S WEEKLY VERMONT TRADE REPORT Reports to Ilr.idstreet's for Hie week show labor Is well em pi ed and man ufacturers generally well supplied with orders. Heavy fall of snow dur ing juis I two weeks has made travel on country roads difficult but has been lulietlolal to lumbering Interests. Re tail trade la reasonably good for sea son of jenr although clothing dealers generally report stocks moving slowly. Pout and shoo linns have hud liberal pitionngo. Outlook for spring busl Inoss is favorably commented upon, j Lumber dealers note good sales and hardware firms state thero is an in creased demand. While trade In rural districts Is light, reports from fann ers show prlcos received for produce nre still hlch. Short eroti of liny has !f need prleo up lo frotn JF to "0 per ion. Uitter prleo Is asked for j balled. No. 1 grade. Wholesale firms report tendency toward slow collec tions, liu luded In failures for week are two bankruptcies. A number ot changes In firms nave neen reported principally nmong thojo with small Investment. Hurllngton Ice dealers eommonce work of harvesting season's cut this week Retail merchants commont fa vorably regarding volume of trade al though clothing Is moving slowly. Re ports from Rutland contlnuo to show labor well employed. Work Is to bo eominouceil right away with tho re-bulliUui,- ot block recently destroyed commission to mnke Mm administration of tho law uniform. Dr, Mend would equalize! tho burden, minimize drrublt taxation nnd develop rather than re strict opportunity. Ho falls to Indicate, any method by which ho thinks these) things enn be Bccompllnheel while Mr Fleetwooel proposes a definite step. Th question however Is too big for us to attempt to deckle here. Highways, Mr, Fleetwood declares fta a ttiink line of highways controlled nti4 maintained by the State. Dr. Mend calls for Improved methods with State aid and control where practical. Mr. Fleetwood is tno more definite ngnln but evidently neither hns n complete practical scheme he is ready to advocate. Ilnferendnm.-Mr. Fleetwood Is wtlllnq tho ntibject of traffic In Intoxicating l quor should bo submitted to the peopl providing n substitute for tho prwnt tan bo submitted nt tho same time. Dr. Mead 'lid not mention tho mihect. Dr. Mead's Planks, Dr. Mend ha made tho following statements which Mr. Fleetwood has said nothing about, A business administration on lines of econ omy, the good offices of thu exes-utlvo In settling disputes between labor and eap. tnl by arbitration, restriction of special laws th.lt "an be covered by general sta tutes, lnws that will encourage Vermont Industrie's and develop homo markets for agricultural products and measures thai will advertise Vermont beauties nnd de velop summer business. In e-nch cn. these are general statements without tl definite suggestion as to how they sha' be accomplished. The Candidates, Having presented e v, views of the candidates It Ii, proper t cotnparo the Individuals themselves. Dr. Mend If elected governor will be In b'l seventieth year beforo he be-glns th dut ies of th office nnel nlrady shows the encronchments of age both physically nnd mentally. Ho has a successful busi ness career to his credit ond seeks the rovernshlp simply ns a closing honor to his life. His training has tx-en almost wholly along business lines nnd his limit el public service has been characterireil by neither brilliancy or a high degree of efficiency. Mr. Fleetwood is a young man Just com ing Into his most ueeful years, has had a wider training In public affairs 'han Dr. Mend and while he cannot claim any marked brilliancy In his public work lis ha.s acquired a higher degree of effl clency than Dr. Mead. To Dr. Mead 'he Infirmities of age have limited the possi bility of great achievement along new lines while Mr. Fleetwood's ago w'P al low him to apply th full powers of mm hoocl to whatever cause he espouse Mr. Gatefi will not be a candidate 'oi governor and at prerent It looks as though people must ciiooe between tin two men compared above. Of these two the Caleslonlan prefers F. G. Fleetwood becauso It believes he Is better trained. Is In full jiossesslon of his powers and at a time when the I.-sun between clean and dlrtv jiolltlcs Is so strong has tho courage to stand for clean politics and tho honor of Vermont. ONK FROM ONK LEAVES NOTTONG. (From the I.udlow Tribune.) Poth Windsor county candidates for tho lieutenant-governorship are reported as confident of success, ond, that being the case, neither one of them seems likely to give way for tho other. Fnder the present constitutional pro visions, of course, It will be Imposslblt for both of theso gentlemen to succeed, and wo aro very much afraid that thli political taking of ono from one wil1 Icavo tho county nothing and let tht second place on tho ticket go to some other county. It Is a possibility thnt. If this divider) condition of things is In fact carried in to the convention, some dark horst of a Windsor color may elevelop, but at I tho present writing there Is no we'! founded hope of such a denouncement, and gueses are being Indulged In as tt 1 which other section of the Stat Is like ,ly to get the prize. Conventions do v usually pay much attention to can-p dates who cannot bring with them tl-i I practically united support of their res 1 pectlvn section. I Political mathematics do not prom!? much for Windsor county up to da' Put there Is yet time for beneficent com j promise and a candid facing of tha sttua j Hon. by fire. St. Albans reports some new building work In progress. Genera, retail business continues about th same although heavy fall of snow hai made travel bad from country dis tricts St. .lohnsbury reports a new clothing, also n new dry goods tlrrr. Is to open for business In near future labor Is well employed and reta trade fully up to average for sens, r Reports from Ilnrro and Montpeller up lo last Saturday night show no chnng In general situation. Mellows Falls reports labor fairly well employe 1 Paper mills operating full time. Re tail trade Is of seasonable volume. Brattleboro manufacturers are employ cd full Mmo and additional help Is em ployed. Outlook for spring business U considered good. Manufacturers at Pennington report but little change in general condition from report of week previous. Labor Is well employed Brandon reports additional men are! being employed at marble plant Gen eral retail trade Is quiet owing to un settled condition of roads. Reports from Enosburg Fnlls stato retail busi ness Is fully as good as Is expected nt this season of the year. A new veneer mill at Hradford commenced actlvo work the first of the month, Paper mill at Wells River Is working to capacity and over Mmo. LETTER CARRIERS MEET. ('hlttcurirn County Association F.Ireti Officers Xet Merlins; In May. A meeting of the Chittenden County Rural Letter Carriers' association wai held yesterday afternoon at the Knlghtt of Pythias rooms on Church street. T. J Stowart of Morrtsvllle, State secretary ol tho Vermont Rural letter Carriers as. soclatlon, addresnxl the meeting and of. flcera were elected. A letter from thej State president, H. W. Bpoonor of Ver gennes, wo read. After the business of the meeting had been transacted, a report of tho national convention, held in September in Roches ter, N. V., was read nnd a picture of the gathering was taken. The subject of good roads was taken up and discussed at soms length. The next meeting of the Chitten den County association will be held In May and probably In this city, thousii the price In not yet definitely decided ujxin. Tho following officers were elected! President, U J. Dean of Charlotte; vice president, K. A. Puller of Huntington; secretary and treasurer, J. N. Richardson of Richmond; executive board, W. W. Aldrlch of Hurllngton. a. W. Sharpley ol F.ssex Junction and 0. I.. Sheparcl ol Wlnooskl; press committed, J. N. Rich ardson ; State delegate, U J. Dean.