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THE BUltLINOTON FKEE PRESS AND TI.MT3.St THURSDAY, -1UNE 23, 1910.
11 TAX RATE $1,70 AGAIN there Is No Tercentenary Cele bration This Year Either. lonrd of Charities Reply to Vnyr'n Cliiir-ri-s milt Aldermen Appcnr Nnt Islleil it ltd Condition, nl Poor I'linn Lakeside, Scnti Another ndjonrneil meeting of tho o,ird nf rililrrmim was held Thursday niton the mattpr nf thp poor department tins brought up again. The members of tho board of rhatltlos replied In a writ ten statement lo tho charges of Slnyor Burko, delivered at tlio lnt adjourned Hooting, and denied nil of hit allegations. Hie mayor In reply said that ho would 5Mnit witnesses to prove his charges, and 10 ntso submitted another communication Uth morn charges. Tho iimv charges aro lilllp similar to the fnimor ones anil were efenod to thp hoard nf ehnrltlos. The board, which appolntpd ltrolf a omn.lttoo to Investigate the matters at 'lu iinr farm, iilni reported tin a eotn rltt.p. The members who had visited '.he farm stated that they thought It was inducted In a Hint class manner and hat tl i v worn pleased with tho condition if things found thorn. Alderman Dion i-nld that he wont from :enr to attle and that ho thought ovory- 11 l"g w is In good condition. The in-m-itcs were treated tvell ntnl slated that Ur llariiiigtnn wok a good man. Aldcr iim, Random alt-o reported alonst the mnw lines. Dr. V. K. McSvvecney and r)r J H. Wheeler. as well as C. I'. Smith, .rmprlflng the board of charities, also poke In answer to charges made by the Imyor. The report of the Ph.irltv com 1 b -donors was aocopted and placed on lie Fidlowing Is tho report: Hurllngtipn, Vt June 1C. 1510. To tin Honorable ltourd of Aldermen: We have reeelved from the city clerk .'opy of a poinmunleatlon given to vour jcird by Mnvor lturlte, with your voto isklng that we make reply to you In vrltlng within one week. The board of charities, have made vo-y an-fvil Inv estlgntlnn of all the chatges ia 1 by the mayor, and, answering the hargis In the order In which they wero made, find firm, that the charge which he mn lent against the suporlnti ndent of the poor farm with rrfetence to the price paid tho hired girl probably Mould not "lave been made had ho taken pains to Inquire what tho terms of the contract rvoio when the superintendent was c;n ved. Thp following Is a copv nf the n-tract signed by .1. W. Courtney, trj Parker and Clinton A. Harbor with H Harrington dated April 2., IDvfl d committee on behalf of sntd city . v. arrro to furnish to paid Harrlng r all prnvl-inns necessary for tho nin " " of the house, viz.; to supply tho In "f the poor house nnd the family or aid Harrington anil whatever hired ie1: - ay be herein stipulated or found i - ,ry bv M.ld pauper committee or " ' overseer of the poor of said 1 tn r I ut't. n The said committee further tign-e o furnish all farming tools of every kind whatsoever neeesrary to run tald farm They further ngiee to pay to said H.-irrtngtnii for th service of himself, ns r.idi'-atod, and for the woil; of his wife In i-mil.g the houso tho sum of JiXiO per ip.r t.. be paid In regular monthly Install nerts at tho end of each month. Thev Ir. ., ddllton agreo to allow to him $3.50 per week to pay a hired girl to aid In tbr house work; said sum to bo paid as Mml) liavo accrued at tho end of each month " The present boaul of charities have continued tho abovn agreement and given the superintendent tn understand Ihnt he war allowed f?, W per week for help In tho house and that It wan entirely l. tlsfactory to them for him to employ Hie i helji as he thought best, or to erri r v and pay Boino of the Inmates, If he (in fi i n d to do so. T'.e person to whom the mi."or refers ns "a little eccentric In l.er ways, but nhlr nnd willing to woik. , un Imbecile girl who was nt tho poor f irm for about tlx weeks In the Bering nf j 17 nnJ wa-s tot t from there to the iiih.-mo psylum at U'titerbuiy May 17 of that year, because, Ir her mental cot.dltlon, It was Imposslblo lo earn for her properly at thp farm. Kho tvas kept at the anylum until July 30, when he was discharged by the supcrvl tor.s of the Iii-.ine, not because she was rtuod or rnatejiiiily better, but because Ibey did not consldf.r It ni-cessary to keep lit ti e asylum 1111 Imbecile who eould bo rared for outfldo without danger to oth ers On leaving tho asylum she retunuil to the farm and remained thore until August 21 and during thlH tlmo sho cried almost eunst.mtlv and refused to eat and an August 24 her father took her from he farm and lxardel her for 13 weeks nt M m '1 ro's. This exhausted his tlnauclal 'i so'iree:i. and tho jilrl again became a tv charge Ah shn could not bo kept at lie farm Kho wa lKiardcd, at ft a week, Irrt nt Mrs. Williams's (December 1, 1T, to Juno i'O, lt&,) and slncn then at Mrs. 'ero's. Ah her condition turn t.oinewhat n proved of Into, thn committee at their ii-t meeting Instructed tho oveteer to jring her back tn the farm and she was tu instil back Juno & but sho Is In no rdlMon to work. Kho l.s hopelessly lm )o He Incapable of anything wldch roo J1 ires nompiehenslon and will be a bur Jo 1 r.11 the city as long as shn lives. T' e committee does not consider ?l .1 ueek a high price to pay for thn board if one who requires care and watching !n luldltlon to find and lodging and who Is not an agreeable Inmato of n. house hold. With reference to tho carrlago Wn find hat It win, purchased by tho health de dirt nnit of J 1;. Hurlm Jan. 7, IH02, W being tho price paid. It was usiil once lo carry a Miiullpnjc patient to the pest house nnd was then placed under a shed aiDo nlng the hum of the I'oor Farm, where It has remained until tho present time with tho exception of last winter, nhen It w.th run out to mnkn room for morn valuable farm machinery. The enr lagn would seem to be as valuable now is It waH at tho tlmo It wiin purehnsed Uid It never has been worth tho room ulilcil It lakes to (torn It. AVIth refeiencH to thn grocery bill wo Ind that the groceries wem puteluuieil ty th superintendent for his own table mil covering a period of tn months .lirie wore articles amounting to $j.Dl null as berries, oningett, polery and nuts, Aluch might bo considered luxuries rath er th.in necessaries although they would pro! ably bo found on nearly every lab oring man's table to a greater or less ixtcnt during tho muiio time, and tho 9o. rr hatdly thought it necessary to iiako account of so small a matter. AVIth reference to tho l-ale of potatoes Kr f!iul that qitltn a tonsldonible ipiantl ti W110 itiUnil nnd sold at a very good price The furnaces being located In the eillnr ninko It nu unfit pl.ico to keep veiiftables to any extent ami tlin bonril liavo eoi sldcred buililliig n suitable vegetable tellar ur lei a m w barn which our' t r 10,1 1 1 bi I lit -Aiuwerlnj; tho nmors ihiirjto that no attempt Is niadn to keep the Inmates sr. far as fex. Is enneerned npart. Thp fact Is that the men have rooms upstnlrs and the women downstairs, that they havn separate tables for their meals, and that there. Is but one eommoii slttlngroom, wht re they can gnthpr during the day, which Is usually occupied, as w imder statul, by a number of old women, The board of charltlos feel that tho city Is particularly fortunate. In having In chnrgo or Its poor and unfortunate, per Min.s like Mr ntid Sirs, Harrington, who are Inlet ested '11 thetr work and ar0 ox coptlonnllv well ijuallfled to do It. Wo hnvp at nil limps found tho''houso neat nnd clean and tho Inmates giving evl deiico of the very lest of care. The food Is good and well prepared. Some of the, good ladles of our city have Interested themselves to visit tho farm from time lo time during tho past yenrs and re pot t conditions very satisfactory. The farm which Is very poor, sandy land shows i", lileme of the best of care anil Iho outbuildings aro nicely kept. It has been a Mirprlso to thn board that Mr. HtirrltiK'on was able to do as well as ho has wild ich poor land. The iiitim expense nt the Voor Farm for last wir. ii.s shown by tin City He pott, tibn-e the superintendent's pay, amoutited t 2.M.1.S2, less produce sold f.'!7!i. I'll, lea ml g balance of 2,4;n,;, which was tlie c-.it for the food, clothing and on re of the Inmates with mnlntenanco of uniiii'''g for the house, and stock and tools r' is included tho care on an nveragi of 1, 1". nt T perotis with the aildl tlonal can 'luring the year of from 210 to nOO tramp- who were kept nt the I'oor rami . er night and fed InslPad of being 1 ei t the Jail n formerly at consldr! able iviensi Wo uniiir.-iH id that the mayor madn one visit to ti." fnnn earty this spring so that in i-t "f his Information must be from lie..i n. It 1 coins unfortunate that he shoi. il feel called upon In his official cnpii'iiv to present so serious charges with.. I moro careful Investiga tion. Tin; ho-inl are willing at all times to receive sicgistloni from him nnd to furnish him correct Information with re feience to an thing In the department. Hcspeetfully submitted, C. P. "MITH, Hit. I'. 1.. McSAVnfTNKY, Dlt. J. H WII1JEL.BR. TAX UATi: KHKPS VP. At the meeting of the board proper a deal of business was consummated. Tho annual tax lew w;is approved and adopted, which provides for a ta. of J1.T0 on tho dollar of the grand list. The rofolutlon follows; That a tax of one hundred seventy eenti. on thp dollar of the giand list of mill city for the ear 1010, Is horoby levied and a.vsosed to meet the accrued and accruing oxpen.es and liabilities of said city, for the yc.u ending December 31, ma. That tho cltv tinasurer Is directed to piano to the credit of tho school commis sioners for tho support of the public schools of said city, tho sum of JOT.Oou.OU; to the credit of the public library, S4,-M4.37; to the ciedlt 01 tin police and criminal department, $lrt,oi.loi: to tho credit of tho lire department, r.'.V"'M; to tho credit of the park commifionei s, 1,000.00; to tho credit of public buildings, $2,000.00; to the credit of street lights, tlC.JOO.OO; to the credit of tho health department, $2..W.OO; to tho credit of the Incidental fund, JS, riOn.OO; to the credit of the sewer depart mont, $1,(100.0); to the credit of the charities department, J17.000.00; to the credit of the salaries, Jl.tw.oo; to the credit of Interest account, J27.0OO0O; to the credit of tho State school tax, HI.U1.03; to tho credit of tho State highway tax, n.7G'.S!; to the crodlt or tho county tax, J77.'..C); to the crodlt of the hydrant tax for fire oro. tectlon, J3,S4O.0O; to the credit of the water department, JK.7S1.M; to tho credit of band concerts, Jl.OCin.OO; to the credit of mo street department. SVLiiOO.ftft: tn the credit of tho sinking fund, t7.ro0.0O; to tho creutt or Uikpsldo underpass, Jl, 130.18: to uie credit ot Iopot street. JH.2ft0.fiO: tn th,. credit of Urn station number tlvo and flr0 automobile, 17,3.71 fO; to the credit of light ing City Hall Park. J3ri.(rt: tn thn rr-.m of overdraft, Ifmi, 53.SC3.V,. That the city clerk Is directed tn out a rate bill of the foregoing tax, as soon ns may be, and when completed to place the same In the hands of the -',tv treasurer for collection, properly ccn::,i-d iiceoruing to law. ivicKsmu KKwnn. Tho committee appointed to investigato the amount of land duma-ees in emo tion with the proKis(sl sewer In the south part of tho city report! d. Tho L.tmlrro North American company, llmltn! ,.ui give a freo right of way providing -hat tney roservo the right to lay out tl lino of sower, so that tho outlet will noi ,-on. taminato tho lntalto of their pn-.nt water supply. The Queen City itton company want 1200 for one of t!. p.0. po--cd sewer lines and will irlve h right of way, with ceitaln restret.,rs, to tho so-called proposed trunk line . j, Flynn wants J1.500, and If the n.wer Is niiule so as to accommodate his property, will give a frro right of way. 1 he report was placed on fllo. OTHKR UrsiNICHri A communication from tho ,N. 1: t. A T. company, asking for a conduit for wires on Colchester avenue, hrtwt-n Mill street and the Colchester line, wj,.s in ferred to the strr-et commissioner A communication from C. O itounds, informing the piesldent of the lend that he would louk for damages from tl ,. (.ty for Injuries received May 2T. by Lining off the Grove street bridge, snlil 1,, :.l;, nut being sufllrlently rulbsl, etc., u-.i.s 10. fened to tho city attorney and street eommlssloners. A resolution providing for a rte. i tiling rato for the ofllco of tho city tiuasurer, ut 11 cost of 2M, was adopted. A deed of dedication, conveying CMh nine, Caroline, Charlotte and ll.iyw.ird streets, south of Howard street, from It. D. Ilatehelder and 1". H. Hi own tn tha city, was read and adnpted, w-as the losolutlon providing for the l.i.Uiii,.,. nf lt Miwor on Ilaywnn! nnd ('athi rlne stieets, to II own i d. A motion was also adopted that thn street commission! rs Investigate certain obstruction to thn public striots, such us posts, etc. A communication from tho mayor, ask ing that Mis. Thomas Wheeler be paid damages of U for a turkey, said bird be ing killed by a itog, was referred lo tho city attorney. TJin JjAN'OUAfiK OF AQCATICS. A French woman, proud of per limited knowledge of Kngllsh, nnd an American woman, proud of her limited knowledgo of French, wero Introduced at .in uptown evening company. Tho French woman Insisted on oxprokslng hcrirlf In bnd Kng llsh and tho American would talk nothing but bad French, When ttio guests begun to depart they wero still at It, At last thoy aroso to go, II eio Is their watery farewell; "Hetsorvolr," said the fair American, "Tanks," responded her now frlutul. Philadelphia Times. Can't loot' well, eat well or feel vvnll with Impure blood feeding your body Hi p the blood pure with Hurdoi'k Rhiud letters Lat simply, take eser i , kocp domi and you will havo long Ul- GREAT RECEPTION GIVEN ROOSEVELT AT NEW YORK Every Craft in Harbor Joined in Moisy Salute While 100,000 Cheered on Land He Weeps on Greeting Rough Rider?. Now Vork, Juno in. Shleklng whistles, tho snappy crackling of naval guns, thn panoply of the military arm atlo.it and on horseback, the fervent pressure of thou sands of loyal hands and the wild ncclalm of thn multitude wanned the heart and stirred the blood nf Theodore Roosevelt .M'Slerday when ho caini! back to the 1'nlted Htates. Other distinguished Americans havn been given public demonstrations of tnag nltuelo, but no citizen, however, exalted his rank or marvelous hl.s hold upon tho people was ever received with such voci ferous heartiness n.s that accorded tho returning ex-pre.sldi.nt. AVnrshlps thundered salutes In his honor, distinguished men gathered for tho ocrn.slon, thousands went down the bay to meet him In vessels of every rte rerlptlon, business In the hnrbor was sus pended for the passage of thn vessel on which he was being brought to the cltv, all was subordinated to the single purpovo 1 ot giving Mr. Itoosi'velt the biggest, nolsl- oft welcome that human agency could de v iso. As he stepped on shore Mayor flnynor piesented the ufllelal feltcliatlons, while nearby sat hundreds of friends whom the colonel could call by their first names. AVIth tho words of the chief executive of the city In his ears Colonel Roosevelt ran Into a sturdy fragment of his old com mand, his tlrt and only command, tho Hough Riders, and, rolling along In a car riage, he parsed through lines that ag Ftegatesl morn than 100,C")0 people, nil cheering. THOl'SAN'Dfi COULDN'T SKB HIM. At tho Rattery when he landed beyond tho roied enclosure, over the broad plaza and covering nil npproacblng streets poo pin weie packed, crowded back sn far that thousands could not hope for ovon a glimpse of the returning traveler. Yet thoy stood for hours In the heat waiting for him, and when they heard ho 1 was present far beyond their range nf vis- Ion they veiled and cheered un'll ho had parsed out of hearing. On the way up Hroailway and Fifth avenue, the route covered by the vmnll parade, there was 11 constant demonstra tion until he left his carriage at the f.Oth street plaza to shake hands with tho Rough Rldets. The rrowd siting to street and sidewalk until bis carriage was driv en bark down tho avenue and then thn people stood In front of the homo of The ton rtutler, where Colonel Koo.-cvolt went after the parade for luncheon. The thoroughfare In front of the Kutlor house was blocked for several hours by a throng that waited to p.iy another trlbuto of affection as the ex-presldent departed for the feny on his way to Oyster Hay. Only a violent thunderstorm, with a tor rential downpour, Interfered with this in tention. REPLY TO OFFICIAL. AA'BLCOME. In replying to Mayor Cayncr'o official address of welcome during the ceremonies at tho Rattery, Colonel Roocove'.t said: "I thank you, Mayor Guynor. Through you I thank your committee, nnd through them I wish to thank tho Amertcnn peoplo for their greeting. I need hardly say I am most deeply moves! by the reception given me. No man could receive such a greotlng without being mado to feel both very proud and very humble. "I have been njvay a year and a quarter from America, and I havo seen stiango and interesting things, allko In th heart of the frowning wilderness and In the capitals of tho mightiest nnd most highly polished of civilized nations. I havn thoroughly enjoyed myself, and now I nm morn glad thnn I can say to get home, to be back In my own country, back among people I love. "And I nm ready nnd eager to do my part, so far as I am ablo, In helping s ilvo problems which must be solved If wo of this, the greatest democratic re public upon which the sun has over shown, arn to see Its destinies rlsn to the. high level of our hopes and Its op portunities. "This Is tho duty of every citizen, but It Is peculiarly my duty; for any man who has ever been honored by .being mndn president of tho United States Is thereby forever after tendered tho debtor of thn American oplo, anil Is bound throughout his life to remember this as his prI-o obligation, and In private llfn ns much as In public, so to curry bltn elf that tho Ame-rlcnn people may never have cause tn feel regret that once they placed him at their bend." HAD TO STAND ALL Till WAY. Tho ptirndn moved up Rrondwny Just before noon, and a short procession It was at the start. Rehlnd tho band were thn 110 P.ough Rldort, under command of Col, Alexander O. Hrodyo nnd then came Colonel Rooiovelt's cniriago and the others. Lower Hroadway was literally Jammed and Colonol Roosevelt had to stand In bis carrlago nil the way to vknowlodgo the cheers. In AVnshlngton Hiuire the paradn was augmented by about 2,000 Spanish War veterans, most of whom wero from camps In and naar New York. When the question of a land parnde was under advisement, every military, seml-mllltr.ry and elvlo body In the.se parts wished to take part and to havo In cluded them would havo been to have made un all-day affair. So, Instead of admitting them to the line tho committee permitted them bodies to line up along Fifth avenue. They were spread nut from Jth to 42nd streets, men of nil natloniilltli.s, some 33.(0 nf thorn, and they all removed their hats and Joined In tho cheering as Colon) Roosevelt's carriage passed. Avnnps as uk gri:i:t.s urodyi:. Latn hour decorations of Hags pave thn uppor avenuo tho proper oppoar anco for the occasion, and that Htal wnrt republican organization, tho I'nlon Ixmguo club extended Itsolf In a magnificent oxpanso of bunting and flag- designs, Huslness houses put out thnlr flags nnd what had been fearod would bo a dull routine of bnro walls turned out lo bo a showy demonstration of color schemes. When Colonol Roosevelt's carrlago teachnd thn circle nt KSth street tho Rough lllilom formed on tho west side. Mr, Roosevelt not knowing what was next on tho program, but hnvlrig a plan of his own to carry out, Impulsively leaped from his carrlago nnd with undignified haste ran toward tho cavalry. Hushing up to Colonol Ilrodyo ho playfully tnppod tho Rough Rldar chloftaln's horso on tho noso nnd ox tnndPd hit hand to tho colonel, ''Hrodyo." ho mid, "thin Is flno of joii line, great " There weio tear. In tho ojrei ot tho mnn who led thn lit volnntoer cavalry 12 years ago, and ho did not brush them aside. Ho fcelted Colonel Urodyo'rf hand n second tlm and as If ho could harilly express lis fonllngs said: "Urodye, God blast ou and all tho boyii hero for dolnt this." SIIAKF-S TUB lAXm OF IJACH. "1 want to shale- hands with every one ot them," ho slid, asking Mr. A'an derhllt and Mayor Oiynor to excuse him. Kn he went from horseman to horseman, tapping each linrso 01 the nose and giving enedi mnn a heart- handshake and 11 word of personal thinks. He know ever' man knew him by his first name, too. It was vigorous work nnd Colonel Koosovelt's silk hat was .'ammed over hi" ears long before re finished. Hut the last In line got as Inn a grip from thn eolunel as the flrtt The colonel ivnn smiling through teas when Mayor fin v- or and Mr. A'antbrhllt directed his at tentlnn tn the Kp.Tilsh AVnr veterans drawn up In thn crcle. Thoy took him ti the lino and then Colonel Dyer, eomnnndlng the dctach mint, prcontoil him a book .f resolutions Insorlbi-d by men ol tin- camps through out the country, evn In tho Philippines and In Porto Itlro SDXDH MHSSAI'.K TO CATs'ADA. Taking tho volutin, the ex-presldent 1 aid with fee'lng: "Thnnks a thousand tlmis. I nm only so ry that time Is press ing and I cannot personally greet all thn men. 1 nsk you personally to let them all know how greatly, how sincerely I appreciate this boot and their presence here. You will do tMn for me." "I will bo mlghtv proud to take your message," said Co one! Dyer, and tho veterans gave three cheers. Last In tho persoml presentations woto tho llttlo Abernathy boys, Louie nnd Tem ple, riding the bion--hos that Ind carried them all thn way from Oklahoma. The rolonel Insisted upot baking hands with the bnvs In the saildle. Mr. Hoo-evelt retimed to his carrlago and as the hotses wheeled Hnrnnrdt Wall led the Hpnnlsh Wnr veterans In three ohecis for "our Text eommander-lti- hlef." PARTY PAYS S3on DT'TY. There was not much In tho 70 or -o pl( cos oT baggage of tho Roosevelt traveling party of eight persons, the rolonel and his wife. Mrs. Nicholas Iong worth nnd her maid. Miss Uthel, Keimlt and Heuetarle.H Lawrence Abbott and Frank Harper, that Interested tho custom houso. "Thn declarations were not much more substantial," said a customs official, "thai- Is usual tor a party of that slzo, for tho length of their foreign stay and their station In life." Secretary Abbott said Mr. Roosevelt hail a technical right as special ambassador to tho King's funeral to ie;enter thn Unlte-d States without an examination of lils luggage, tisthU o.w'n declaration would have been accepted without ques tion, but Mr. Abbott had sent word to tho collector of the port, Mr. Roosevelt's re quest, that ho preferred to come In and pay duties In the regular way. The duty, which altogether, It Is said, was le's than $.1nu. was turned In nt tho llttlo customs hone on the pier, and thu Roosevclts' modest trappings wero soon on the way to Oyster Hay. LOOKING IXTO THU ccruiin OF UAii.no adcnc. A crisis In railroading was reached on ibiv, not long ago. when a heavy ftelght tialn became stalled In tho tunnel con necting Port Huron, Mich., with the town of Sarnla, Ontario, and carrying the "acks of thu Grank Trunk. A powerful switch engine pushed tho stnlled train out ot the big boro and the railroad men weie horrllled to find tho engineer of the stranded engine huddled In a heap on the lloor of his cab and the fireman a limp bundlo across the lumps of coal In tho tender both had been zvnocatd from tha poisonous gases from their big engli.u while trying to get up steam enough to pull the heavy train out of tho tunnel. This was the third accident of this kind within a short time and It was nil too ap imteut that a safer kind of power had to be lound. The engineers of the Grand Trunk remembered that tho Raltimoie ,4 Ohio had been troubled with its tunnul transput tatlon facilities about the city of Haltlmore as early as ll!A ami that they had been experimenting with electricity as a motive power, so the) hurried to that city to make an Investigation. They found that the electric locomotives of the If. A O., looking more like huge locomo tive cabs thnn anything else, handled the hiavIo.it trains with cafe, even on the steepest grades, and that the Haltlmoru tunnel was practically free from at! smoke and gas. When a steam train was leutly for tho tunnel, thn (Ires were bunk ed, the steam was shut off and tho elec tric locomotive coupled on to haul tho train nnd the dead steam engine thtough the tunnel. Inquiry Into tho cost of operating those electric locomotives show ed that they cuuld move so much faster, being smaller and mure powerful, und could haul a huge train at such a lemark Mo speed that the coiit of operation was ronlly less that It would bo by steam. It Is worthy of historical nnto that the 11, & O., first In the use of olectrtclty as n motive power, was nKo tho first railroad to uso a -it-nrn locomotive In this coun try Tim "Stourbrldire l.lon," ono of tho two Knglish locomotive, was Imported tn this coin try. and used to haul trains on tho II. .t O. ns early ns 18S0. a year Utor tho Albany and Sehuneetady railroad whs running. In the early days of railroading on tha Great Northern, all the trains had to bo zlgingv-'l ovor the Cascade Mountains on a "switch-back." It took three ot the mot-t poweiful Btvittn locomotive, to switch seven passenger ear. over the mountain and the labor wns as nothing compared to tho tlmo It took to get tho train over, for time Is so Important In all rnllroud work. To avoid thin monu mental task a hugo tunnel was bored thmurli the mountnln, about a hutulrud miles east of Setittlo, costing millions of dollars and yesirs of toll. At tho time this tunnel was opened traffic on the Great Northern was not so heavy as It Is to-day and the tunnol worked very well notwithstanding that the grades wero very steep und ttio giant steam locomotive could not run through tho core very often became of tho dannerous nmoko and gases. Great vigilance was required to heup tho air In the tuunol unywhoro near puro and time und ngnln tho trulu crowa woro llftud from thetr positions half dond from niltocatlon, and once a piiKsenger truln luicnmo stnlled In the tunnol and quick woik was required to get them out In s-'O'. The dangers and delays In this tunnel wero a continual sourco of annoyance to Mr. Jamen J, Hill, and he dispatched a party of 'tigliieers to go up the AVenatcheti river mil study tho waterfalls with a view to mnke thorn haul tho trains through tho Cascado Tunnel. Another hnnd of engineers wait set to work fljrur Ing on the cleetrlflrntlon of tho tunnel and tho Installation of powerful electric loco motives for tho tunnel work. To-day, glatit locomotives, built nt Kchone.ctady, N. Y., by tho Ooneral Klee trlc company, aro shuttling the trains through tho Coscado tunnel. These glantH develop moro than 2,000 horse power, weigh 115 tons, and on tests liavo now a tractlvo effort of over SO.OOn pounds. These electric locomotives havo been In operation slnco last July nnd they haul heaviest steam trains, dead engines and all, through this tunnel nt a speed which was Impossible for sle.un power The Wenatcheo liver Is hnrnessed about S) miles south of th tunnel, whoro ten thousand horse-power Is generated by thn falling water. This electrical energy Is trimsmlttod to the electrical rone about Ihe tunnel, Ono of the most unique features of thin Installation Is that on the descending grades thu motors oro changed Into gen erators and nsslst In braking trains down the grade and return clootrio energy to the line. This Is the first time this fcaturo ban ever been uppllod to railroad work In America. Plans have been prepared lo extend tho electrical system of tho Great Northern from Skyomlsh to Leavenworth, a dis tance of r,7 miles, and from thero It may be extruded iven further east. Hy larg ly Increasing the tonnage capacity of tho Cascade Tunnel and making greater sped over tho heavy grades, the elec tric locomotives havo been of tho great est benollt to the Great Northern. LlccUllioatloti ot a tiiilrotid dots not tneun such a radical chango as ono would think; It means merely a chiingi! of mo tive power so tho snmo standard system, now almost universal, can be used to Its best advantage, moving tho freight and passengers fnster and hotter without In creasing tile tiackage and working force. No changes lu the organization aro re- iiuited, practically, from the president to the lection boss. "The fact that steam locomotives urn abo'ut as perfect as men cm mako them and that the cost for their mnlntenanco Inciease.s from your to year, has hasten ed the development of the electric loco motive," said a prominent engineer well known In iiiilroad circles. "To-day u number of the largest ralitoads have elec trical roues In operation. AVherever It is ilangeious to u"-e steam locomotives, where tlip lmiuIcm nr.. verv Mpm u h .r., ul( a, - l!imoUK,, wolU n.cuirp.i ,,n,i w hero electrical power can he developed cheaper from water power than from coal, theru the electrical locomotive Is working In place of steam and It It, biifo to predict that this electrllk .itlon will ex tend along the lines until every prom inent railroad will bo ultimately operat ed b electricity." The future of tallroadlng In this country .v,is mapped out when the New York Cen tral, one of the gteatest systems In ttie world, decided to electrify Its New A'orl; terminal and eliminate steam power en tirely In and about New York city. There was no wnter power to harness like that of Hit Rockies, but the iiiglneett. figured that It would be cheaper In the long run to Install great power houses where the io.il enirgy could be changed to steam and from "team, through the medium of giant turbine engines, to ele--trlc.it energy tor tho electrical locomotives Instead of having a thousand and ono little power houses located one In each locomotive. Although tho New A'ork Cential, as early as IM). took up the matter of elec trifying Its New York city terminal noth ing was done until lhK when the conges tion of traffic and atmospheric conditions became such a nulsaticn that tho Htato lypglslatiuo stepped hi and demanded the complete abandonment of steam locomo tives Miuth of the Harlem river. I'he electrification of this railroad about New Voik was a mammoth imdet taking. Tho Harlem division Is electrified as f.ir as North White Plains, a distance or 21 miles, and tho Hudson division ns f.ir as (itaystone, 17 miles, nbovo tho Park Avenue. Tunnel. This great plan brought about the developments of the eleetrlo locomotive to a point nnver reached be fore. No. ,Clo proved to lm the most powerful locomotive in the world. Weighing less thnn Cio tons, against 171 tons fot tht- heaviest steam passenger locomotive, Its tntlng nf 2V) horse-power is nearly twice that of its rival, tho stc.itu locomotive. Occupying about half the track space nf a steam locomotive, the ele. trlo can bo run with equal facility in either direction and If necessary has an overload capacity up to :!,3-) horse-power. On th.- HM triu ks at Schenectailj , No. i'i0 coupletl to a heavy passenger train, stood del il until the tl.vlng llmplre State Bx piess had passed, then started up ahd passed the llyer within lets than two miles. The electrics weigh 71 tons less than a steam locomotive, n paving of 13 per cent, on a full iruln of eight Pullman cars which means an Important saving of energy and consequent less cost of operation. Not all the steam roans which changed from the steam power to electricity adop ted the electric locomotive. When the Southern Paclllc i-lectiiii.l lis Oakland division It adopted the multiple unit con trol system. In ptalm-r w. rds it used nrgn Inte-rurban trulley c.ira which could be coupled together and operated as sin gle train from one controller by tho motormnn In tho fiont vestibule. This Installation proved most succeiisful and economical. The AYest Shorn used thin puinu system In Its electrification bo twecn Syracuse and Vtlca and the Lrlo declde-d on the multiple unit control plan for Its electrical zono about the city of Rochester The West Jersey and Seashore, ono of the best exntuple.s of steam railroad elec trification In tho country and connect ing Philadelphia nnd Atlnntlc City, uses thu electric ears Instead of locomotives for Its trnlnk. Six powerful electric locomotlven are butng built for use lu tho Detroit Rlvor Tunnel and terminals of tho Michigan Cuntrnl railroad. Ttio Detroit River Tunnel, which will soon be completed, will connect the AVcst Detroit ynrds of th Michigan Central with the New Windsor yards nt AVlndsor, Ontario. Tho electri fied zono emjtaces tne tunnel arid ap proaches, terminal tnucks and siding and will cover u dlstunce of about to.OOO fe.t. "IV o of tho eloctrlc locomotives will h.iul nn 1SW ton trailing train on the 2 per cent grade at a speed of ten miles per hour. Each of theso locomotives weigh 100 tuns nnd dm-olop lflOO horso power Willi a pull of nearly flo.dOO pounds at tho draw bar Tho process of tnrtlng a long ft eight truln Is a delicate one, as such a train Is not u rigid mass but a long nlastlo V dy, liable to bo seriously damaged by Jet lib nnd buffeting, but tho electric locomotives start It so smoothly that this danger Is entlroly eliminated. A largo number of steam railroad com- panles are giving serious consideration to tho electrification of their lino. The Houthcrn Pacific Is planning to securo a number of locomotives to bo used on the Hlfira Nevada section of the, Bacnimeiilo division, Tho proposed electrification Is for HO miles of track nnd will be tho most extensive Installation Jut under taken by any sUnm mud. Waterfalls will bo developed to supply thousands of electrical horso-power. Tho Illinois Cen tral has been figuring on tho electrifica tion of Its Chicago terminals. Tho I). I. & AV. Is said to be contamplntln elec trification of Its suburban lines and ter minal nt Hobokcn, N. J, Tho Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Is planning to uro electricity on 100 miles of Its new lino over the Hitter Root Mountain In Idaho. Tho f?nlt Lnkn fr Ogden road Is chang ing thirty-seven miles of Its steam road to electricity, using largo Ititerurban tars ns solid tr.iltis. It Is said upon good authority that tho year 1310 will Miow tremendous develop ment In the electrification or branches nnd terminals of steam rosdB In this coun try. In nurope, where coal Is moro or less scare', and cheap water power Is availa ble, plans are already under way to elec trify a number of tho most Important railroads. Germany, Austrin, Italy and Kwltzerland havo already take-n up the work, Japan has nlready Installed n number of tho best olecttio ronds In tho wot Id and even Chill, It Is announced, will electrify all the government railroads. now Ki.ttcriticiTY in i)i:vi:i,ot. INC TIIK SOUTH. Kconomlcal manufacturing demands that tho Industry shall be tnken to the raw material whenever possible, Instead of th reversed process which has handicapped Amorlrun Industries In thn past. In the good old days the South was content to hlp Its raw cotton to New I'nglond, Its logs to northern porta and Its coal nnd It on ote to tho middle AVcst where It could be worked up Into the various products. One-third of the standing timber of the 1'nlted States, one-half of the soft coal fields of this country, thn greatest re maining deposits of Iron oro ami tho irrent fields which produce three-fourths of the I cotton of tho world are tn tho South. I Through this country, so rich In raw mn- . . ti-rlals, flow a number of small rivers with e-rtonMve falls, making them Ideal for hydro-electric development, and It Is not strange that tills cheap power had been the magnet to draw tho northern Indus tries southward near raw material. In tho past, cheap power nnd transportation facilities were lacking to develop In full these extensive natural resources, hut this condition Is fast being remedied by tho transmission of electric energy from ttio rivers, to run tho railways, work the mines and drive tho wheels of Industry. jit was only a few years ago that the transmission of electricity derived from water power was begun In the South, but so rapid lias been the development thnt some of the greatest hydro-electrto Installations In the world aro to bo found theie. While n good stnrt has be"n m.ido In several sections of tho old South toward the supplying of manufactures with hydro electric power, It Is safe to snv that only :i minor pert of the total requltcmentg at the present tlmn are met In this vviy, though It has been estimated thnt the rivers repri-seiit 2,000,00 horse power for development. The demand for raw materials alone Is inpldly foiclng up their production in the old South, nnd In the elementary pm-pp-m's of mining, quart Ing, the sawing of lumbpr and the transput latlon of prod ucts to the steam railways, a I.irgn amount of hydro-electric power can find a market. Probably no section of the t'nlted States with equul population Is so poorly supplied with Ititerurban electrb. railways as this old South, and the trans portation of cotton and other products to the stenm roads would yield a substantial revenue Item In some localities. In 1M. thn ptoductlon nf cotton In thu I nlted States was 8..", million bales, or moie than In any previous year, but In 1!S It was I3.R million bales, nnd ttie major part of this crop came from tho old South. Stat ting again with lsf-0, the South producul 2.1" million toni of pig Iron, mined 21 2 million tons nf coal, and cut timber to the value of 90.7 million dollnt For the year I'oD, the corresponding f.g- res win-, for pig l mn SI million tops, for coal 70 million tons, and for lumber nrod - nets a value of 2.V million dollars At'ith this Increasing production of raw materials, tho old South Is turning greater percentages Into the finished products. Comparing the year IS'O with l?Vi, the number of cotton oil mills In thn south In- reasetl from 115 to 70. and the capital In vested In the-n from 12 to '.A million dol lars?. During this samn period, tho mini I'er of cotton spindles In Southern mills lose from 1.7 million to 3.2 million, and tho onsumptlon of cotton in these mills from ..1 million to 2.1 million bales. That much room for expansion of Southnrn cotton mills still remains Is evidenced by tha fact that thn consumption of 2.t million bales thero was only one-firth of tho pro duction. In tho single fitato of North Carolina, ftom IVso to 1 tho number of cotton mills Increased from 21S, with F-qulpmcnt of f-1,472 tiorse power, to 352, with equip ment, of 13Vf-"l horso power. For tho earlier year the spindles numbered 1,11.20 and tho looms 5,W3, while In thn latter year thore wero 8,110,090 swindles nnd M.S1! looms. All tho factories of this Stnto numbered 11 and worn equipped with GS.-OD horse power In lfY, nnd the number hud Increased to 1053 with 2ij3,12l horsii power In IMS. In tho liodmnnt section of North and South Cnrollnn, thero are now more than ft") textile mills with an estimated oqulp n cut of fully 6,iW,-) spindles, and moro than 100 of these mills nro operated with hydro-electric power. In ti section or Georgia, Including .Macon and Atlanta, and not over 100 miles square, thore are now completed and un der construction about cotton and ynm mills, and these mills nro operating mom than ZfC') spindle-, and nearly Ei,C) looms, driven by tiectrle power Over !) textilo mills in tho I'nltc-d Status havn been elec trically equlppod by thu General Klectite company, using 6,000 motors und over 2(0,000 electrical horse power rrom thin brief review or tho natural of which mid deceased died, sel.ed, and Industrial conditions In thn old ' setting forth lu subsian. e trat thn South, It Is evident that tho water pow.-r, "Zl ' , U thero. tho raw materials aro there, and , --,, nnd ?3 0(1 0I1 MlU1 thero also aro manufactures that oner niecutriv Is without means with, w trb. market to hydro-olectrlc energy. Anvi-HTisrcn libttkiwi. List of unclaimed letters remaining un colled for In the Hurllngton, A"t., post- office for ttio weak ending June 1 1910; MKN'S LIST. II. J. Hurntinm. C. AY, Codam. Mr. Fisher, cure Mtirtdo Mill, J. S. Flun nory, Nathan H. Hill (2L J- J. Hous ton, C. H. Knovvles, l.nmount Corliss Co., Kddto IO Mali, A. II. O. Leuco, AV. P, Lounks, Arthur 11 Marcotte, I.dw. II. Montaguo, Frank AV. Pier, Fred Ross, Rev. H. S. Howe, Strout Real F.state Agency, C. AY. AVtight. AVOMKN'R LIST. Miss A'ora R Dullard, Miss Mary duly, Mrs, It, li, Carter, Miss Mary ClapHti, Mrs. Georgn Frechette, Mrs. Magglo Mills (3), Mrs. Nellie .Moore, Annette W. Pnrnoll, Mrs. Add la Reayn, Mrs. Fred Tnjlor, Mrs. Mamlu Whalen. AVINOOSIU STATION. Mdn. Johnny llnusquet, Leo Contois, Laura Collotto, Mrs. Albert 1 Dlggs, Klinn Jyilngl, Mamie Sehoud, John Voratldls, Andrei Zrlonls. POLICE MAKE A HAUL. rtosr Co til's Plnro Is ItiilJrd nnd Whiskey Is Ii'oiind, The pollen descended llunday after noon at the homo of Roso Cota at 151 Mattery street, In the roar, where, they discovered sover.il men drinking beer. Tho men nnd beer, ton, however, flu appeared like the mist nnd the two pol 1 -men were able to captuto but Roso foil and Louis Rlchardi Richards had a ej mrt bottle of whiskey nnd two half pint bi t ties of tho lame kind of stuff He ststs1 lo the pollen that ho thought the t.jtt-si contained water. There were several empty beer glarses on tho table. When the pnllco entered ; until amount nf beer was In ono of t 1 glasses, but Mrs, Cota drank that s' 01 e swallow, Hating that It was modi 'tie Richards declared that he v.im an Irrw cent man, having never been In too place before but tho polite thong'. i otherwise. fji.n to ltrccoM.vrcxri thhm. Mr. K. AWnkley, Kokotno. Ind , says: 'After tiiklng Foley Kidney Pills, tie severe backache left me, my kldne, b came (trnngor, the secrotlono iut,.n nnd my bladder no lonser pained me I am glad to reromme pnley Kid ev Pills." In a yellow package. J. W. (Vx Uvan, U Church St. STATIONHHV t i'pit tpi-s. r.XTATH OF .SARAH K. TA FT. PTAT11 OF A'ERMONT, District of Chittenden. To all persons concerned In the es tate of fiarah R. Taft, late of Essex, In said district, deceased, OnnKTINO-: At a Probate Court, hobin at I3ur llnnln I f 1. 1 .1 fn. Un T-.l.t-.. - . rMU -n'd,.n. on the fith rtav of June I'M 0, an Instrument purporting to hi ""' will nna testament of Saral' n fPnft tnln nf Pnv Ir, e-l.' R Taft, lato of F-ssnv. In said district, deceased, was presented, t the court afornsald, for probato. And It Is ordered by raid Court that thn 2"th day of Juno, 1510. at th Pobnto Cn-irt rnnms In raid Hurling ton, be assigned for proving said In strument: and that notleo thereof be given to all porsona enneerned, bj publishing thl3 order three weoks suc cessively In the Rurllngion AVeokly Free Press, a newspaper published at ald Rurllntfton, provloUB to tho tlm ippnlnt'd Therefore, you nro hereby notified to nppear before said Court, at the tlmo and place aforesaid, and contest the probate of sld will. If you have en ise. Given under my hand, at liurllngt-'.n in said district, this 6th day of Junc, 1910. ORI.LYN 1'. RAY. !0,w3t Judffe. COMMISSIONERS' NOTICli nstntc of TCnimn KRrn Cart!, Itur Ilngton. Tho undersigned, having been ap onlnted by th" Honorable Frnbau Court for tno Distrli t of Chittenden, commlslonerj to receive. exnmln. and adjust th elilms and demands of all persons against the estate ol Kmrna Bllza Curtis, Into of Tlurllng-ton, In mid dlstrl'-t. decea--d, an 1 all claims exhibited In offset thoreto, hereby give notice that vvo trill moel for the purpose aforosald, at tht Merchants bank In tho city of Rur llngton. In said district, on the frst Saturdays of July nnd Do-ember, nex at 10 o'clock a. m., on each nf sail days and thnt six months fr. in tt a 4th day of June. A. !., 1910, Is "a tlmo llmltod by said court for sail creditors to present their clalmB to us for --xanilnntlr.n and allow a m o. Dated nt Flurllngton. this 4th day of June, A. D 1!10 WALTER C. ISITAir, ARTIH-R AY HILL, HO.vvHt Commission rs KSTATl; OF SAIIAII 11 II AI.DWTV. I'l-trlct of ST A T I Z OF A'KRMONT, Chittenden, ss. The Honorable Probate the District Aforesaid: Court for To all persons concerned lu the e tnte of Sarah H. Rnldw'n. 1-to nf Illnpsburg. In said district d nsed, GRKITIVC, AVhoreas. said Court has asslgt . t tho 27th dav of June, 1910. for examln'ng and allowing the nepount f ndnilnl trator of the pstntp i.f s '1 deceased. nnd for a de r-o ' , i'1" resume or snia es nto 'o the lnwrul claimants of tvn same, and ptdertd that public notlr. thr f bo given all persons Interested lu said estate hv publishing this crier three weeks successively pr' Vl "is to the dny assigned. In tho Ejr'.tngton Woeklv Free Press, n nowsptiper pub lished at Hurllngton, In said district Tlo-re''-' o-i are hereby nctlied to appear at the Probato O!ll-o In Hurllngton, A'ermnnt, on the day eiaslgnnd then and thero ti contost the allovvan-o nf said account if y u see cause, und tn establish your rights ns heirs, .egatoos and lawful claim snts to said residue. Given under my hand, this 3rd day of Juno, 1010. OR-.LVN P RAY". BO.wSt J jdgo. CO ! M I S KI ON I.H Si NOTI Cn. ltnte of William Zotrmiui, Uurllngtoa Tho undorslgncd. having been ap pointed by tho Honorable Probato Court for the District of Cnlttt-ndo7i, commissioners to receive, examine and adjust the olnlms and demands of a'l persons niralnst tho estate of William Zottman, Into of Burlington, In said district, decoa-sod, and all claims exhibited In offset thereto, horoby ftlve notice that vvo will moot for tho pur poso aforesaid, nt tho office of John J Flynn, In the city of Rurllng-ton, In said district, on tho 2nd Saturdays of July :tnd December next, at 10 o'clock a. in., on each of raid days and that site months from tho 11th day of Jur.o, A. D. 1910, Is tho tlmo limited by said court for said creditors to present their clalma to us for examination and allowance. Dated at Hurllngton, this Hth day of Juno, A. D. Itlio, JOHN J FLYNN. HKRALD STISA'KNB. M.vv3t Commissioner. nmn: of ai.fii:d av. nowARD, STATU OF A'KRMONT, District ot Chittenden, rs. The Honorable Probato Court for thn District Afnrnsnld: To all persons Interested In tha es tate nf Alfred AY. Howard, Into of Col chester, dectased, OREKTINOt AVhoreas, application In writing has boon made by the executrix of thu last win ana lestntuent or snta deceased. for license to morttrawo the real estate tn pay mid Indebtedness, t'ai to j re vont a sacrifice or said e-'.ite to one tho Indel'tednes thereof, t . i-iulto re pairs nnd Improvements upon said e tato: and to preserve nrd cure for tt o same, and praying lor license and ai. thorlty to mortgage the r. il i --tate nf wild ileccaspu, consisting nt a iir-a situated ill Colchestpr In '..id distrb t. of about 240 acres, for tho purpose f borrowing mnnny with which to pay raid Indebtedness, make repairs nn . Improvements upon said state i prevent n sncrltlcn of said p--t.itp. nr 1 for preserving nnd caring for tho same. Whornupon, thn said cnurt appointed and .'iHiigned tho tlrst day of July 1910, at the probate offlm In Rurllnu ton, In snld district, to hoar and do clde upon :ild uppllontlor, and orderel that public notleo thereof bn given to nil persons Interested therein, by pub Ilsliing this order threo wppks uc rosslvely In tho Hurllngton Weekly Froo Press, n newspaper published nt Hit i Ungtnn In said district, which cir culates In thn neighborhood of those persons Interested therein, which pub lication shall be previous to tho tuns appointed for thn hearing. Thereupon, you nro hnrehy notified to appear beforo ald court nt tho time and place aforosald, nnd show cause. If any you have, why such llcenso and authority should not bo granted Given undpr my hand, nt Hurllngton, In 'aid district, this 13th day t-f Jrno, 1010 OR.A1AN P. RAY B1.W3I Judge