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Burlington weekly free press. [volume] (Burlington, Vt.) 1866-1928, June 23, 1910, Image 11

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there Is No Tercentenary Cele
bration This Year Either.
lonrd of Charities Reply to Vnyr'n
Cliiir-ri-s milt Aldermen Appcnr Nnt
Islleil it ltd Condition, nl Poor
I'linn Lakeside, Scnti
Another ndjonrneil meeting of tho
o,ird nf rililrrmim was held Thursday
niton the mattpr nf thp poor department
tins brought up again. The members of
tho board of rhatltlos replied In a writ
ten statement lo tho charges of Slnyor
Burko, delivered at tlio lnt adjourned
Hooting, and denied nil of hit allegations.
Hie mayor In reply said that ho would
5Mnit witnesses to prove his charges, and
10 ntso submitted another communication
Uth morn charges. Tho iimv charges aro
lilllp similar to the fnimor ones anil were
efenod to thp hoard nf ehnrltlos.
The board, which appolntpd ltrolf a
omn.lttoo to Investigate the matters at
'lu iinr farm, iilni reported tin a eotn
rltt.p. The members who had visited
'.he farm stated that they thought It was
inducted In a Hint class manner and
hat tl i v worn pleased with tho condition
if things found thorn.
Alderman Dion i-nld that he wont from
:enr to attle and that ho thought ovory-
11 l"g w is In good condition. The in-m-itcs
were treated tvell ntnl slated that
Ur llariiiigtnn wok a good man. Aldcr
iim, Random alt-o reported alonst the
mnw lines. Dr. V. K. McSvvecney and
r)r J H. Wheeler. as well as C. I'. Smith,
.rmprlflng the board of charities, also
poke In answer to charges made by the
Imyor. The report of the Ph.irltv com
1 b -donors was aocopted and placed on
Fidlowing Is tho report:
Hurllngtipn, Vt June 1C. 1510.
To tin Honorable ltourd of Aldermen:
We have reeelved from the city clerk
.'opy of a poinmunleatlon given to vour
jcird by Mnvor lturlte, with your voto
isklng that we make reply to you In
vrltlng within one week.
The board of charities, have made vo-y
an-fvil Inv estlgntlnn of all the chatges
ia 1 by the mayor, and, answering the
hargis In the order In which they wero
made, find firm, that the charge which
he mn lent against the suporlnti ndent of
the poor farm with rrfetence to the price
paid tho hired girl probably Mould not
"lave been made had ho taken pains to
Inquire what tho terms of the contract
rvoio when the superintendent was c;n
ved. Thp following Is a copv nf the
n-tract signed by .1. W. Courtney,
trj Parker and Clinton A. Harbor with
H Harrington dated April 2., IDvfl
d committee on behalf of sntd city
. v. arrro to furnish to paid Harrlng
r all prnvl-inns necessary for tho nin
" " of the house, viz.; to supply tho In
"f the poor house nnd the family
or aid Harrington anil whatever hired
ie1: - ay be herein stipulated or found
i - ,ry bv M.ld pauper committee or
" ' overseer of the poor of said 1 tn r
I ut't. n The said committee further
tign-e o furnish all farming tools of every
kind whatsoever neeesrary to run tald
farm They further ngiee to pay to said
H.-irrtngtnii for th service of himself,
ns r.idi'-atod, and for the woil; of his wife
In i-mil.g the houso tho sum of JiXiO per
ip.r t.. be paid In regular monthly Install
nerts at tho end of each month. Thev
Ir. ., ddllton agreo to allow to him $3.50
per week to pay a hired girl to aid In
tbr house work; said sum to bo paid as
Mml) liavo accrued at tho end of each
month " The present boaul of charities
have continued tho abovn agreement and
given the superintendent tn understand
Ihnt he war allowed f?, W per week for
help In tho house and that It wan entirely
l. tlsfactory to them for him to employ
Hie i helji as he thought best, or to erri
r v and pay Boino of the Inmates, If he
(in fi i n d to do so.
T'.e person to whom the mi."or refers
ns "a little eccentric In l.er ways, but
nhlr nnd willing to woik. , un Imbecile
girl who was nt tho poor f irm for about
tlx weeks In the Bering nf j 17 nnJ wa-s
tot t from there to the iiih.-mo psylum at
U'titerbuiy May 17 of that year, because,
Ir her mental cot.dltlon, It was Imposslblo
lo earn for her properly at thp farm. Kho
tvas kept at the anylum until July 30,
when he was discharged by the supcrvl
tor.s of the Iii-.ine, not because she was
rtuod or rnatejiiiily better, but because
Ibey did not consldf.r It ni-cessary to keep
lit ti e asylum 1111 Imbecile who eould bo
rared for outfldo without danger to oth
ers On leaving tho asylum she retunuil
to the farm and remained thore until
August 21 and during thlH tlmo sho cried
almost eunst.mtlv and refused to eat and
an August 24 her father took her from
he farm and lxardel her for 13 weeks nt
M m '1 ro's. This exhausted his tlnauclal
'i so'iree:i. and tho jilrl again became a
tv charge Ah shn could not bo kept at
lie farm Kho wa lKiardcd, at ft a week,
Irrt nt Mrs. Williams's (December 1, 1T,
to Juno i'O, lt&,) and slncn then at Mrs.
'ero's. Ah her condition turn t.oinewhat
n proved of Into, thn committee at their
ii-t meeting Instructed tho oveteer to
jring her back tn the farm and she was
tu instil back Juno & but sho Is In no
rdlMon to work. Kho l.s hopelessly lm
)o He Incapable of anything wldch roo
J1 ires nompiehenslon and will be a bur
Jo 1 r.11 the city as long as shn lives.
T' e committee does not consider ?l .1
ueek a high price to pay for thn board
if one who requires care and watching
!n luldltlon to find and lodging and who
Is not an agreeable Inmato of n. house
hold. With reference to tho carrlago Wn find
hat It win, purchased by tho health de
dirt nnit of J 1;. Hurlm Jan. 7, IH02, W
being tho price paid. It was usiil once
lo carry a Miiullpnjc patient to the pest
house nnd was then placed under a shed
aiDo nlng the hum of the I'oor Farm,
where It has remained until tho present
time with tho exception of last winter,
nhen It w.th run out to mnkn room for
morn valuable farm machinery. The enr
lagn would seem to be as valuable now
is It waH at tho tlmo It wiin purehnsed
Uid It never has been worth tho room
ulilcil It lakes to (torn It.
AVIth refeiencH to thn grocery bill wo
Ind that the groceries wem puteluuieil
ty th superintendent for his own table
mil covering a period of tn months
.lirie wore articles amounting to $j.Dl
null as berries, oningett, polery and nuts,
Aluch might bo considered luxuries rath
er th.in necessaries although they would
pro! ably bo found on nearly every lab
oring man's table to a greater or less
ixtcnt during tho muiio time, and tho
9o. rr hatdly thought it necessary to
iiako account of so small a matter.
AVIth reference to tho l-ale of potatoes
Kr f!iul that qitltn a tonsldonible ipiantl
ti W110 itiUnil nnd sold at a very good
price The furnaces being located In the
eillnr ninko It nu unfit pl.ico to keep
veiiftables to any extent ami tlin bonril
liavo eoi sldcred buililliig n suitable
vegetable tellar ur lei a m w barn which
our' t r 10,1 1 1 bi I lit
-Aiuwerlnj; tho nmors ihiirjto that no
attempt Is niadn to keep the Inmates sr.
far as fex. Is enneerned npart. Thp fact
Is that the men have rooms upstnlrs and
the women downstairs, that they havn
separate tables for their meals, and that
there. Is but one eommoii slttlngroom,
wht re they can gnthpr during the day,
which Is usually occupied, as w imder
statul, by a number of old women,
The board of charltlos feel that tho city
Is particularly fortunate. In having In
chnrgo or Its poor and unfortunate, per
Min.s like Mr ntid Sirs, Harrington, who
are Inlet ested '11 thetr work and ar0 ox
coptlonnllv well ijuallfled to do It. Wo
hnvp at nil limps found tho''houso neat
nnd clean and tho Inmates giving evl
deiico of the very lest of care. The food
Is good and well prepared. Some of the,
good ladles of our city have Interested
themselves to visit tho farm from time
lo time during tho past yenrs and re
pot t conditions very satisfactory. The
farm which Is very poor, sandy land
shows i", lileme of the best of care anil
Iho outbuildings aro nicely kept. It has
been a Mirprlso to thn board that Mr.
HtirrltiK'on was able to do as well as ho
has wild ich poor land.
The iiitim expense nt the Voor Farm
for last wir. ii.s shown by tin City He
pott, tibn-e the superintendent's pay,
amoutited t 2.M.1.S2, less produce sold
f.'!7!i. I'll, lea ml g balance of 2,4;n,;, which
was tlie c-.it for the food, clothing and
on re of the Inmates with mnlntenanco
of uniiii'''g for the house, and stock
and tools r' is included tho care on an
nveragi of 1, 1". nt T perotis with the aildl
tlonal can 'luring the year of from 210
to nOO tramp- who were kept nt the
I'oor rami . er night and fed InslPad
of being 1 ei t the Jail n formerly at
consldr! able iviensi
Wo uniiir.-iH id that the mayor madn
one visit to ti." fnnn earty this spring
so that in i-t "f his Information must
be from lie..i n. It 1 coins unfortunate
that he shoi. il feel called upon In his
official cnpii'iiv to present so serious
charges with.. I moro careful Investiga
tion. Tin; ho-inl are willing at all times
to receive sicgistloni from him nnd to
furnish him correct Information with re
feience to an thing In the department.
Hcspeetfully submitted,
C. P. "MITH,
Hit. I'. 1.. McSAVnfTNKY,
At the meeting of the board proper
a deal of business was consummated. Tho
annual tax lew w;is approved and
adopted, which provides for a ta. of J1.T0
on tho dollar of the grand list.
The rofolutlon follows;
That a tax of one hundred seventy
eenti. on thp dollar of the giand list of
mill city for the ear 1010, Is horoby levied
and a.vsosed to meet the accrued and
accruing oxpen.es and liabilities of said
city, for the yc.u ending December 31,
That tho cltv tinasurer Is directed to
piano to the credit of tho school commis
sioners for tho support of the public
schools of said city, tho sum of JOT.Oou.OU;
to the credit of the public library, S4,-M4.37;
to the ciedlt 01 tin police and criminal
department, $lrt,oi.loi: to tho credit of tho
lire department, r.'.V"'M; to tho credit
of the park commifionei s, 1,000.00; to tho
credit of public buildings, $2,000.00; to the
credit of street lights, tlC.JOO.OO; to the
credit of tho health department, $2..W.OO;
to tho credit of the Incidental fund, JS,
riOn.OO; to the credit of the sewer depart
mont, $1,(100.0); to the credit of the
charities department, J17.000.00; to the
credit of the salaries, Jl.tw.oo; to the credit
of Interest account, J27.0OO0O; to the credit
of tho State school tax, HI.U1.03; to tho
credit of tho State highway tax, n.7G'.S!;
to the crodlt or tho county tax, J77.'..C); to
the crodlt of the hydrant tax for fire oro.
tectlon, J3,S4O.0O; to the credit of the water
department, JK.7S1.M; to tho credit of
band concerts, Jl.OCin.OO; to the credit of
mo street department. SVLiiOO.ftft: tn the
credit of tho sinking fund, t7.ro0.0O; to tho
creutt or Uikpsldo underpass, Jl, 130.18: to
uie credit ot Iopot street. JH.2ft0.fiO: tn th,.
credit of Urn station number tlvo and flr0
automobile, 17,3.71 fO; to the credit of light
ing City Hall Park. J3ri.(rt: tn thn rr-.m
of overdraft, Ifmi, 53.SC3.V,.
That the city clerk Is directed tn
out a rate bill of the foregoing tax, as
soon ns may be, and when completed to
place the same In the hands of the -',tv
treasurer for collection, properly ccn::,i-d
iiceoruing to law.
ivicKsmu KKwnn.
Tho committee appointed to investigato
the amount of land duma-ees in emo
tion with the proKis(sl sewer In the south
part of tho city report! d. Tho L.tmlrro
North American company, llmltn! ,.ui
give a freo right of way providing -hat
tney roservo the right to lay out tl lino
of sower, so that tho outlet will noi ,-on.
taminato tho lntalto of their pn-.nt
water supply. The Queen City itton
company want 1200 for one of t!. p.0.
po--cd sewer lines and will irlve h
right of way, with ceitaln restret.,rs, to
tho so-called proposed trunk line . j,
Flynn wants J1.500, and If the n.wer Is
niiule so as to accommodate his property,
will give a frro right of way. 1 he report
was placed on fllo.
A communication from tho ,N. 1: t. A
T. company, asking for a conduit for
wires on Colchester avenue, hrtwt-n Mill
street and the Colchester line, wj,.s in
ferred to the strr-et commissioner
A communication from C. O itounds,
informing the piesldent of the lend that
he would louk for damages from tl ,. (.ty
for Injuries received May 2T. by Lining off
the Grove street bridge, snlil 1,, :.l;, nut
being sufllrlently rulbsl, etc., u-.i.s 10.
fened to tho city attorney and street
A resolution providing for a rte. i tiling
rato for the ofllco of tho city tiuasurer,
ut 11 cost of 2M, was adopted.
A deed of dedication, conveying CMh
nine, Caroline, Charlotte and ll.iyw.ird
streets, south of Howard street, from It.
D. Ilatehelder and 1". H. Hi own tn tha
city, was read and adnpted, w-as the
losolutlon providing for the l.i.Uiii,.,. nf lt
Miwor on Ilaywnn! nnd ('athi rlne stieets,
to II own i d.
A motion was also adopted that thn
street commission! rs Investigate certain
obstruction to thn public striots, such us
posts, etc.
A communication from tho mayor, ask
ing that Mis. Thomas Wheeler be paid
damages of U for a turkey, said bird be
ing killed by a itog, was referred lo tho
city attorney.
A French woman, proud of per limited
knowledge of Kngllsh, nnd an American
woman, proud of her limited knowledgo
of French, wero Introduced at .in uptown
evening company. Tho French woman
Insisted on oxprokslng hcrirlf In bnd Kng
llsh and tho American would talk nothing
but bad French,
When ttio guests begun to depart they
wero still at It, At last thoy aroso to go,
II eio Is their watery farewell;
"Hetsorvolr," said the fair American,
"Tanks," responded her now frlutul.
Philadelphia Times.
Can't loot' well, eat well or feel vvnll
with Impure blood feeding your body
Hi p the blood pure with Hurdoi'k
Rhiud letters Lat simply, take eser
i , kocp domi and you will havo long
Every Craft in Harbor Joined in Moisy Salute
While 100,000 Cheered on Land He Weeps
on Greeting Rough Rider?.
Now Vork, Juno in. Shleklng whistles,
tho snappy crackling of naval guns, thn
panoply of the military arm atlo.it and on
horseback, the fervent pressure of thou
sands of loyal hands and the wild ncclalm
of thn multitude wanned the heart and
stirred the blood nf Theodore Roosevelt
.M'Slerday when ho caini! back to the
1'nlted Htates.
Other distinguished Americans havn
been given public demonstrations of tnag
nltuelo, but no citizen, however, exalted
his rank or marvelous hl.s hold upon tho
people was ever received with such voci
ferous heartiness n.s that accorded tho
returning ex-pre.sldi.nt.
AVnrshlps thundered salutes In his
honor, distinguished men gathered for
tho ocrn.slon, thousands went down the
bay to meet him In vessels of every rte
rerlptlon, business In the hnrbor was sus
pended for the passage of thn vessel on
which he was being brought to the cltv,
all was subordinated to the single purpovo 1
ot giving Mr. Itoosi'velt the biggest, nolsl-
oft welcome that human agency could de
v iso.
As he stepped on shore Mayor flnynor
piesented the ufllelal feltcliatlons, while
nearby sat hundreds of friends whom the
colonel could call by their first names.
AVIth tho words of the chief executive of
the city In his ears Colonel Roosevelt ran
Into a sturdy fragment of his old com
mand, his tlrt and only command, tho
Hough Riders, and, rolling along In a car
riage, he parsed through lines that ag
Ftegatesl morn than 100,C")0 people, nil
At tho Rattery when he landed beyond
tho roied enclosure, over the broad plaza
and covering nil npproacblng streets poo
pin weie packed, crowded back sn far
that thousands could not hope for ovon a
glimpse of the returning traveler.
Yet thoy stood for hours In the heat
waiting for him, and when they heard ho 1
was present far beyond their range nf vis-
Ion they veiled and cheered un'll ho had
parsed out of hearing.
On the way up Hroailway and Fifth
avenue, the route covered by the vmnll
parade, there was 11 constant demonstra
tion until he left his carriage at the f.Oth
street plaza to shake hands with tho
Rough Rldets. The rrowd siting to street
and sidewalk until bis carriage was driv
en bark down tho avenue and then thn
people stood In front of the homo of The
ton rtutler, where Colonel Koo.-cvolt went
after the parade for luncheon.
The thoroughfare In front of the Kutlor
house was blocked for several hours by a
throng that waited to p.iy another trlbuto
of affection as the ex-presldent departed
for the feny on his way to Oyster Hay.
Only a violent thunderstorm, with a tor
rential downpour, Interfered with this in
In replying to Mayor Cayncr'o official
address of welcome during the ceremonies
at tho Rattery, Colonel Roocove'.t said:
"I thank you, Mayor Guynor. Through
you I thank your committee, nnd through
them I wish to thank tho Amertcnn peoplo
for their greeting. I need hardly say I
am most deeply moves! by the reception
given me. No man could receive such
a greotlng without being mado to feel
both very proud and very humble.
"I have been njvay a year and a
quarter from America, and I havo seen
stiango and interesting things, allko In
th heart of the frowning wilderness and
In the capitals of tho mightiest nnd most
highly polished of civilized nations. I havn
thoroughly enjoyed myself, and now I
nm morn glad thnn I can say to get
home, to be back In my own country,
back among people I love.
"And I nm ready nnd eager to do my
part, so far as I am ablo, In helping
s ilvo problems which must be solved If
wo of this, the greatest democratic re
public upon which the sun has over
shown, arn to see Its destinies rlsn to the.
high level of our hopes and Its op
portunities. "This Is tho duty of every citizen, but
It Is peculiarly my duty; for any man
who has ever been honored by .being
mndn president of tho United States Is
thereby forever after tendered tho debtor
of thn American oplo, anil Is bound
throughout his life to remember this as
his prI-o obligation, and In private llfn
ns much as In public, so to curry bltn
elf that tho Ame-rlcnn people may never
have cause tn feel regret that once they
placed him at their bend."
Tho ptirndn moved up Rrondwny Just
before noon, and a short procession It
was at the start. Rehlnd tho band were
thn 110 P.ough Rldort, under command
of Col, Alexander O. Hrodyo nnd then
came Colonel Rooiovelt's cniriago and
the others. Lower Hroadway was literally
Jammed and Colonol Roosevelt had to
stand In bis carrlago nil the way to
vknowlodgo the cheers.
In AVnshlngton Hiuire the paradn was
augmented by about 2,000 Spanish War
veterans, most of whom wero from camps
In and naar New York.
When the question of a land parnde
was under advisement, every military,
seml-mllltr.ry and elvlo body In the.se
parts wished to take part and to havo In
cluded them would havo been to have
made un all-day affair.
So, Instead of admitting them to the
line tho committee permitted them
bodies to line up along Fifth avenue. They
were spread nut from Jth to 42nd streets,
men of nil natloniilltli.s, some 33.(0 nf
thorn, and they all removed their hats
and Joined In tho cheering as Colon)
Roosevelt's carriage passed.
Avnnps as uk gri:i:t.s urodyi:.
Latn hour decorations of Hags pave
thn uppor avenuo tho proper oppoar
anco for the occasion, and that Htal
wnrt republican organization, tho
I'nlon Ixmguo club extended Itsolf In
a magnificent oxpanso of bunting and
flag- designs,
Huslness houses put out thnlr flags
nnd what had been fearod would bo a
dull routine of bnro walls turned out
lo bo a showy demonstration of color
When Colonol Roosevelt's carrlago
teachnd thn circle nt KSth street tho
Rough lllilom formed on tho west
side. Mr, Roosevelt not knowing
what was next on tho program, but
hnvlrig a plan of his own to carry out,
Impulsively leaped from his carrlago
nnd with undignified haste ran toward
tho cavalry.
Hushing up to Colonol Ilrodyo ho
playfully tnppod tho Rough Rldar
chloftaln's horso on tho noso nnd ox
tnndPd hit hand to tho colonel,
''Hrodyo." ho mid, "thin Is flno of
joii line, great "
There weio tear. In tho ojrei ot tho
mnn who led thn lit volnntoer cavalry
12 years ago, and ho did not brush
them aside. Ho fcelted Colonel Urodyo'rf
hand n second tlm and as If ho could
harilly express lis fonllngs said:
"Urodye, God blast ou and all tho
boyii hero for dolnt this."
"1 want to shale- hands with every
one ot them," ho slid, asking Mr. A'an
derhllt and Mayor Oiynor to excuse him.
Kn he went from horseman to horseman,
tapping each linrso 01 the nose and giving
enedi mnn a heart- handshake and 11
word of personal thinks. He know ever'
man knew him by his first name, too.
It was vigorous work nnd Colonel
Koosovelt's silk hat was .'ammed over hi"
ears long before re finished. Hut the
last In line got as Inn a grip from thn
eolunel as the flrtt The colonel ivnn
smiling through teas when Mayor fin v-
or and Mr. A'antbrhllt directed his at
tentlnn tn the Kp.Tilsh AVnr veterans
drawn up In thn crcle.
Thoy took him ti the lino and then
Colonel Dyer, eomnnndlng the dctach
mint, prcontoil him a book .f resolutions
Insorlbi-d by men ol tin- camps through
out the country, evn In tho Philippines
and In Porto Itlro
Taking tho volutin, the ex-presldent
1 aid with fee'lng: "Thnnks a thousand
tlmis. I nm only so ry that time Is press
ing and I cannot personally greet all thn
men. 1 nsk you personally to let them
all know how greatly, how sincerely I
appreciate this boot and their presence
here. You will do tMn for me."
"I will bo mlghtv proud to take your
message," said Co one! Dyer, and tho
veterans gave three cheers.
Last In tho persoml presentations woto
tho llttlo Abernathy boys, Louie nnd Tem
ple, riding the bion--hos that Ind carried
them all thn way from Oklahoma. The
rolonel Insisted upot baking hands with
the bnvs In the saildle.
Mr. Hoo-evelt retimed to his carrlago
and as the hotses wheeled Hnrnnrdt Wall
led the Hpnnlsh Wnr veterans In three
ohecis for "our Text eommander-lti-
There was not much In tho 70 or -o
pl( cos oT baggage of tho Roosevelt
traveling party of eight persons, the
rolonel and his wife. Mrs. Nicholas Iong
worth nnd her maid. Miss Uthel, Keimlt
and Heuetarle.H Lawrence Abbott and
Frank Harper, that Interested tho custom
"Thn declarations were not much more
substantial," said a customs official,
"thai- Is usual tor a party of that slzo,
for tho length of their foreign stay and
their station In life."
Secretary Abbott said Mr. Roosevelt hail
a technical right as special ambassador
to tho King's funeral to ie;enter thn
Unlte-d States without an examination
of lils luggage, tisthU o.w'n declaration
would have been accepted without ques
tion, but Mr. Abbott had sent word to tho
collector of the port, Mr. Roosevelt's re
quest, that ho preferred to come In and
pay duties In the regular way.
The duty, which altogether, It Is said,
was le's than $.1nu. was turned In nt tho
llttlo customs hone on the pier, and thu
Roosevclts' modest trappings wero soon
on the way to Oyster Hay.
UAii.no adcnc.
A crisis In railroading was reached on
ibiv, not long ago. when a heavy ftelght
tialn became stalled In tho tunnel con
necting Port Huron, Mich., with the town
of Sarnla, Ontario, and carrying the
"acks of thu Grank Trunk. A powerful
switch engine pushed tho stnlled train out
ot the big boro and the railroad men weie
horrllled to find tho engineer of the
stranded engine huddled In a heap on the
lloor of his cab and the fireman a limp
bundlo across the lumps of coal In tho
tender both had been zvnocatd from tha
poisonous gases from their big engli.u
while trying to get up steam enough to
pull the heavy train out of tho tunnel.
This was the third accident of this kind
within a short time and It was nil too ap
imteut that a safer kind of power had to
be lound. The engineers of the Grand
Trunk remembered that tho Raltimoie ,4
Ohio had been troubled with its tunnul
transput tatlon facilities about the city of
Haltlmore as early as ll!A ami that they
had been experimenting with electricity
as a motive power, so the) hurried to that
city to make an Investigation. They
found that the electric locomotives of the
If. A O., looking more like huge locomo
tive cabs thnn anything else, handled the
hiavIo.it trains with cafe, even on the
steepest grades, and that the Haltlmoru
tunnel was practically free from at!
smoke and gas. When a steam train was
leutly for tho tunnel, thn (Ires were bunk
ed, the steam was shut off and tho elec
tric locomotive coupled on to haul tho
train nnd the dead steam engine thtough
the tunnel. Inquiry Into tho cost of
operating those electric locomotives show
ed that they cuuld move so much faster,
being smaller and mure powerful, und
could haul a huge train at such a lemark
Mo speed that the coiit of operation was
ronlly less that It would bo by steam. It
Is worthy of historical nnto that the 11, &
O., first In the use of olectrtclty as n
motive power, was nKo tho first railroad
to uso a -it-nrn locomotive In this coun
try Tim "Stourbrldire l.lon," ono of tho
two Knglish locomotive, was Imported tn
this coin try. and used to haul trains on
tho II. .t O. ns early ns 18S0. a year
Utor tho Albany and Sehuneetady railroad
whs running.
In the early days of railroading on tha
Great Northern, all the trains had to bo
zlgingv-'l ovor the Cascade Mountains on
a "switch-back." It took three ot the
mot-t poweiful Btvittn locomotive, to
switch seven passenger ear. over the
mountain and the labor wns as nothing
compared to tho tlmo It took to get tho
train over, for time Is so Important In
all rnllroud work. To avoid thin monu
mental task a hugo tunnel was bored
thmurli the mountnln, about a hutulrud
miles east of Setittlo, costing millions of
dollars and yesirs of toll. At tho time
this tunnel was opened traffic on the
Great Northern was not so heavy as It
Is to-day and the tunnol worked very well
notwithstanding that the grades wero very
steep und ttio giant steam locomotive
could not run through tho core very often
became of tho dannerous nmoko and
gases. Great vigilance was required to
heup tho air In the tuunol unywhoro near
puro and time und ngnln tho trulu crowa
woro llftud from thetr positions half dond
from niltocatlon, and once a piiKsenger
truln luicnmo stnlled In the tunnol and
quick woik was required to get them out
In s-'O'.
The dangers and delays In this tunnel
wero a continual sourco of annoyance to
Mr. Jamen J, Hill, and he dispatched a
party of 'tigliieers to go up the AVenatcheti
river mil study tho waterfalls with a
view to mnke thorn haul tho trains
through tho Cascado Tunnel. Another
hnnd of engineers wait set to work fljrur
Ing on the cleetrlflrntlon of tho tunnel and
tho Installation of powerful electric loco
motives for tho tunnel work.
To-day, glatit locomotives, built nt
Kchone.ctady, N. Y., by tho Ooneral Klee
trlc company, aro shuttling the trains
through tho Coscado tunnel. These
glantH develop moro than 2,000 horse
power, weigh 115 tons, and on tests liavo
now a tractlvo effort of over SO.OOn pounds.
These electric locomotives havo been In
operation slnco last July nnd they haul
heaviest steam trains, dead engines and
all, through this tunnel nt a speed which
was Impossible for sle.un power The
Wenatcheo liver Is hnrnessed about S)
miles south of th tunnel, whoro ten
thousand horse-power Is generated by thn
falling water. This electrical energy Is
trimsmlttod to the electrical rone about
Ihe tunnel,
Ono of the most unique features of thin
Installation Is that on the descending
grades thu motors oro changed Into gen
erators and nsslst In braking trains down
the grade and return clootrio energy to
the line. This Is the first time this
fcaturo ban ever been uppllod to railroad
work In America.
Plans have been prepared lo extend tho
electrical system of tho Great Northern
from Skyomlsh to Leavenworth, a dis
tance of r,7 miles, and from thero It may
be extruded iven further east. Hy larg
ly Increasing the tonnage capacity of
tho Cascade Tunnel and making greater
sped over tho heavy grades, the elec
tric locomotives havo been of tho great
est benollt to the Great Northern.
LlccUllioatloti ot a tiiilrotid dots not
tneun such a radical chango as ono would
think; It means merely a chiingi! of mo
tive power so tho snmo standard system,
now almost universal, can be used to Its
best advantage, moving tho freight and
passengers fnster and hotter without In
creasing tile tiackage and working force.
No changes lu the organization aro re-
iiuited, practically, from the president to
the lection boss.
"The fact that steam locomotives urn
abo'ut as perfect as men cm mako them
and that the cost for their mnlntenanco
Inciease.s from your to year, has hasten
ed the development of the electric loco
motive," said a prominent engineer well
known In iiiilroad circles. "To-day u
number of the largest ralitoads have elec
trical roues In operation. AVherever It
is ilangeious to u"-e steam locomotives,
where tlip lmiuIcm nr.. verv Mpm u h .r.,
ul( a, - l!imoUK,, wolU n.cuirp.i ,,n,i
w hero electrical power can he developed
cheaper from water power than from
coal, theru the electrical locomotive Is
working In place of steam and It It, biifo
to predict that this electrllk .itlon will ex
tend along the lines until every prom
inent railroad will bo ultimately operat
ed b electricity."
The future of tallroadlng In this country
.v,is mapped out when the New York Cen
tral, one of the gteatest systems In ttie
world, decided to electrify Its New A'orl;
terminal and eliminate steam power en
tirely In and about New York city. There
was no wnter power to harness like that
of Hit Rockies, but the iiiglneett. figured
that It would be cheaper In the long run
to Install great power houses where the
io.il enirgy could be changed to steam
and from "team, through the medium of
giant turbine engines, to ele--trlc.it energy
tor tho electrical locomotives Instead of
having a thousand and ono little power
houses located one In each locomotive.
Although tho New A'ork Cential, as
early as IM). took up the matter of elec
trifying Its New York city terminal noth
ing was done until lhK when the conges
tion of traffic and atmospheric conditions
became such a nulsaticn that tho Htato
lypglslatiuo stepped hi and demanded the
complete abandonment of steam locomo
tives Miuth of the Harlem river.
I'he electrification of this railroad about
New Voik was a mammoth imdet taking.
Tho Harlem division Is electrified as f.ir
as North White Plains, a distance or 21
miles, and tho Hudson division ns f.ir as
(itaystone, 17 miles, nbovo tho Park
Avenue. Tunnel. This great plan brought
about the developments of the eleetrlo
locomotive to a point nnver reached be
fore. No. ,Clo proved to lm the most
powerful locomotive in the world.
Weighing less thnn Cio tons, against 171
tons fot tht- heaviest steam passenger
locomotive, Its tntlng nf 2V) horse-power
is nearly twice that of its rival, tho
stc.itu locomotive. Occupying about half
the track space nf a steam locomotive, the
ele. trlo can bo run with equal facility in
either direction and If necessary has an
overload capacity up to :!,3-) horse-power.
On th.- HM triu ks at Schenectailj , No. i'i0
coupletl to a heavy passenger train, stood
del il until the tl.vlng llmplre State Bx
piess had passed, then started up ahd
passed the llyer within lets than two
miles. The electrics weigh 71 tons less
than a steam locomotive, n paving of 13
per cent, on a full iruln of eight Pullman
cars which means an Important saving
of energy and consequent less cost of
Not all the steam roans which changed
from the steam power to electricity adop
ted the electric locomotive. When the
Southern Paclllc i-lectiiii.l lis Oakland
division It adopted the multiple unit con
trol system. In ptalm-r w. rds it used
nrgn Inte-rurban trulley c.ira which could
be coupled together and operated as sin
gle train from one controller by tho
motormnn In tho fiont vestibule. This
Installation proved most succeiisful and
economical. The AYest Shorn used thin
puinu system In Its electrification bo
twecn Syracuse and Vtlca and the Lrlo
declde-d on the multiple unit control plan
for Its electrical zono about the city of
The West Jersey and Seashore, ono of
the best exntuple.s of steam railroad elec
trification In tho country and connect
ing Philadelphia nnd Atlnntlc City, uses
thu electric ears Instead of locomotives
for Its trnlnk.
Six powerful electric locomotlven are
butng built for use lu tho Detroit Rlvor
Tunnel and terminals of tho Michigan
Cuntrnl railroad. Ttio Detroit River
Tunnel, which will soon be completed, will
connect the AVcst Detroit ynrds of th
Michigan Central with the New Windsor
yards nt AVlndsor, Ontario. Tho electri
fied zono emjtaces tne tunnel arid ap
proaches, terminal tnucks and siding
and will cover u dlstunce of about to.OOO
fe.t. "IV o of tho eloctrlc locomotives
will h.iul nn 1SW ton trailing train on the
2 per cent grade at a speed of ten miles
per hour. Each of theso locomotives
weigh 100 tuns nnd dm-olop lflOO horso
power Willi a pull of nearly flo.dOO pounds
at tho draw bar Tho process of tnrtlng
a long ft eight truln Is a delicate one, as
such a train Is not u rigid mass but a
long nlastlo V dy, liable to bo seriously
damaged by Jet lib nnd buffeting, but tho
electric locomotives start It so smoothly
that this danger Is entlroly eliminated.
A largo number of steam railroad com-
panles are giving serious consideration to
tho electrification of their lino. The
Houthcrn Pacific Is planning to securo a
number of locomotives to bo used on the
Hlfira Nevada section of the, Bacnimeiilo
division, Tho proposed electrification Is
for HO miles of track nnd will be tho
most extensive Installation Jut under
taken by any sUnm mud. Waterfalls
will bo developed to supply thousands of
electrical horso-power. Tho Illinois Cen
tral has been figuring on tho electrifica
tion of Its Chicago terminals. Tho I).
I. & AV. Is said to be contamplntln elec
trification of Its suburban lines and ter
minal nt Hobokcn, N. J, Tho Chicago,
Milwaukee and St. Paul Is planning to
uro electricity on 100 miles of Its new
lino over the Hitter Root Mountain In
Tho f?nlt Lnkn fr Ogden road Is chang
ing thirty-seven miles of Its steam road
to electricity, using largo Ititerurban tars
ns solid tr.iltis.
It Is said upon good authority that tho
year 1310 will Miow tremendous develop
ment In the electrification or branches nnd
terminals of steam rosdB In this coun
try. In nurope, where coal Is moro or less
scare', and cheap water power Is availa
ble, plans are already under way to elec
trify a number of tho most Important
railroads. Germany, Austrin, Italy and
Kwltzerland havo already take-n up the
work, Japan has nlready Installed n
number of tho best olecttio ronds In tho
wot Id and even Chill, It Is announced, will
electrify all the government railroads.
now Ki.ttcriticiTY in i)i:vi:i,ot.
Kconomlcal manufacturing demands
that tho Industry shall be tnken to the raw
material whenever possible, Instead of th
reversed process which has handicapped
Amorlrun Industries In thn past. In the
good old days the South was content to
hlp Its raw cotton to New I'nglond, Its
logs to northern porta and Its coal nnd
It on ote to tho middle AVcst where It could
be worked up Into the various products.
One-third of the standing timber of the
1'nlted States, one-half of the soft coal
fields of this country, thn greatest re
maining deposits of Iron oro ami tho irrent
fields which produce three-fourths of the I
cotton of tho world are tn tho South. I
Through this country, so rich In raw mn-
. .
ti-rlals, flow a number of small rivers with
e-rtonMve falls, making them Ideal for
hydro-electric development, and It Is not
strange that tills cheap power had been
the magnet to draw tho northern Indus
tries southward near raw material. In
tho past, cheap power nnd transportation
facilities were lacking to develop In full
these extensive natural resources, hut this
condition Is fast being remedied by tho
transmission of electric energy from ttio
rivers, to run tho railways, work the
mines and drive tho wheels of Industry.
jit was only a few years ago that the
transmission of electricity derived from
water power was begun In the South,
but so rapid lias been the development
thnt some of the greatest hydro-electrto
Installations In the world aro to bo found
While n good stnrt has be"n m.ido In
several sections of tho old South toward
the supplying of manufactures with hydro
electric power, It Is safe to snv that only
:i minor pert of the total requltcmentg at
the present tlmn are met In this vviy,
though It has been estimated thnt the
rivers repri-seiit 2,000,00 horse power for
The demand for raw materials alone Is
inpldly foiclng up their production in the
old South, nnd In the elementary pm-pp-m's
of mining, quart Ing, the sawing
of lumbpr and the transput latlon of prod
ucts to the steam railways, a I.irgn
amount of hydro-electric power can find
a market. Probably no section of the
t'nlted States with equul population Is so
poorly supplied with Ititerurban electrb.
railways as this old South, and the trans
portation of cotton and other products to
the stenm roads would yield a substantial
revenue Item In some localities.
In 1M. thn ptoductlon nf cotton In thu
I nlted States was 8..", million bales, or
moie than In any previous year, but In
1!S It was I3.R million bales, nnd ttie
major part of this crop came from tho old
South. Stat ting again with lsf-0, the South
producul 2.1" million toni of pig Iron,
mined 21 2 million tons nf coal, and cut
timber to the value of 90.7 million dollnt
For the year I'oD, the corresponding f.g-
res win-, for pig l mn SI million tops, for
coal 70 million tons, and for lumber nrod -
nets a value of 2.V million dollars
At'ith this Increasing production of raw
materials, tho old South Is turning greater
percentages Into the finished products.
Comparing the year IS'O with l?Vi, the
number of cotton oil mills In thn south In-
reasetl from 115 to 70. and the capital In
vested In the-n from 12 to '.A million dol
lars?. During this samn period, tho mini
I'er of cotton spindles In Southern mills
lose from 1.7 million to 3.2 million, and tho
onsumptlon of cotton in these mills from
..1 million to 2.1 million bales. That much
room for expansion of Southnrn cotton
mills still remains Is evidenced by tha
fact that thn consumption of 2.t million
bales thero was only one-firth of tho pro
In tho single fitato of North Carolina,
ftom IVso to 1 tho number of cotton
mills Increased from 21S, with F-qulpmcnt
of f-1,472 tiorse power, to 352, with equip
ment, of 13Vf-"l horso power. For tho
earlier year the spindles numbered 1,11.20
and tho looms 5,W3, while In thn latter
year thore wero 8,110,090 swindles nnd
M.S1! looms. All tho factories of this
Stnto numbered 11 and worn equipped
with GS.-OD horse power In lfY, nnd the
number hud Increased to 1053 with 2ij3,12l
horsii power In IMS.
In tho liodmnnt section of North and
South Cnrollnn, thero are now more than
ft") textile mills with an estimated oqulp
n cut of fully 6,iW,-) spindles, and moro
than 100 of these mills nro operated with
hydro-electric power.
In ti section or Georgia, Including .Macon
and Atlanta, and not over 100 miles
square, thore are now completed and un
der construction about cotton and ynm
mills, and these mills nro operating mom
than ZfC') spindle-, and nearly Ei,C) looms,
driven by tiectrle power Over !) textilo
mills in tho I'nltc-d Status havn been elec
trically equlppod by thu General Klectite
company, using 6,000 motors und over
2(0,000 electrical horse power
rrom thin brief review or tho natural of which mid deceased died, sel.ed,
and Industrial conditions In thn old ' setting forth lu subsian. e trat thn
South, It Is evident that tho water pow.-r, "Zl ' ,
U thero. tho raw materials aro there, and , --,, nnd ?3 0(1 0I1 MlU1
thero also aro manufactures that oner niecutriv Is without means with, w trb.
market to hydro-olectrlc energy.
Anvi-HTisrcn libttkiwi.
List of unclaimed letters remaining un
colled for In the Hurllngton, A"t., post-
office for ttio weak ending June 1
II. J. Hurntinm. C. AY, Codam. Mr.
Fisher, cure Mtirtdo Mill, J. S. Flun
nory, Nathan H. Hill (2L J- J. Hous
ton, C. H. Knovvles, l.nmount Corliss
Co., Kddto IO Mali, A. II. O. Leuco, AV.
P, Lounks, Arthur 11 Marcotte, I.dw.
II. Montaguo, Frank AV. Pier, Fred
Ross, Rev. H. S. Howe, Strout Real
F.state Agency, C. AY. AVtight.
Miss A'ora R Dullard, Miss Mary
duly, Mrs, It, li, Carter, Miss Mary
ClapHti, Mrs. Georgn Frechette, Mrs.
Magglo Mills (3), Mrs. Nellie .Moore,
Annette W. Pnrnoll, Mrs. Add la Reayn,
Mrs. Fred Tnjlor, Mrs. Mamlu Whalen.
Mdn. Johnny llnusquet, Leo Contois,
Laura Collotto, Mrs. Albert 1 Dlggs,
Klinn Jyilngl, Mamie Sehoud, John
Voratldls, Andrei Zrlonls.
rtosr Co til's Plnro Is ItiilJrd nnd
Whiskey Is Ii'oiind,
The pollen descended llunday after
noon at the homo of Roso Cota at 151
Mattery street, In the roar, where, they
discovered sover.il men drinking beer.
Tho men nnd beer, ton, however, flu
appeared like the mist nnd the two pol 1 -men
were able to captuto but Roso foil
and Louis Rlchardi Richards had a ej mrt
bottle of whiskey nnd two half pint bi t
ties of tho lame kind of stuff He ststs1
lo the pollen that ho thought the t.jtt-si
contained water.
There were several empty beer glarses
on tho table. When the pnllco entered ;
until amount nf beer was In ono of t 1
glasses, but Mrs, Cota drank that s' 01 e
swallow, Hating that It was modi 'tie
Richards declared that he v.im an Irrw
cent man, having never been In too
place before but tho polite thong'. i
fji.n to ltrccoM.vrcxri thhm.
Mr. K. AWnkley, Kokotno. Ind , says:
'After tiiklng Foley Kidney Pills, tie
severe backache left me, my kldne, b
came (trnngor, the secrotlono iut,.n
nnd my bladder no lonser pained me I
am glad to reromme pnley Kid ev
Pills." In a yellow package. J. W. (Vx
Uvan, U Church St.
STATIONHHV t i'pit tpi-s.
PTAT11 OF A'ERMONT, District of
To all persons concerned In the es
tate of fiarah R. Taft, late of Essex,
In said district, deceased,
At a Probate Court, hobin at I3ur
llnnln I f 1. 1 .1 fn. Un T-.l.t-.. - .
rMU -n'd,.n. on the fith rtav of June
I'M 0, an Instrument purporting to hi
""' will nna testament of Saral'
n fPnft tnln nf Pnv Ir, e-l.'
R Taft, lato of F-ssnv. In said
district, deceased, was presented, t
the court afornsald, for probato.
And It Is ordered by raid Court that
thn 2"th day of Juno, 1510. at th
Pobnto Cn-irt rnnms In raid Hurling
ton, be assigned for proving said In
strument: and that notleo thereof be
given to all porsona enneerned, bj
publishing thl3 order three weoks suc
cessively In the Rurllngion AVeokly
Free Press, a newspaper published at
ald Rurllntfton, provloUB to tho tlm
Therefore, you nro hereby notified to
nppear before said Court, at the tlmo
and place aforesaid, and contest the
probate of sld will. If you have en ise.
Given under my hand, at liurllngt-'.n
in said district, this 6th day of Junc,
!0,w3t Judffe.
nstntc of TCnimn KRrn Cart!, Itur
Ilngton. Tho undersigned, having been ap
onlnted by th" Honorable Frnbau
Court for tno Distrli t of Chittenden,
commlslonerj to receive. exnmln.
and adjust th elilms and demands
of all persons against the estate ol
Kmrna Bllza Curtis, Into of Tlurllng-ton,
In mid dlstrl'-t. decea--d, an 1 all
claims exhibited In offset thoreto,
hereby give notice that vvo trill moel
for the purpose aforosald, at tht
Merchants bank In tho city of Rur
llngton. In said district, on the frst
Saturdays of July nnd Do-ember, nex
at 10 o'clock a. m., on each nf sail
days and thnt six months fr. in tt a
4th day of June. A. !., 1910, Is "a
tlmo llmltod by said court for sail
creditors to present their clalmB to us
for --xanilnntlr.n and allow a m o.
Dated nt Flurllngton. this 4th day
of June, A. D 1!10
HO.vvHt Commission rs
I'l-trlct of
Chittenden, ss.
The Honorable Probate
the District Aforesaid:
Court for
To all persons concerned lu the e
tnte of Sarah H. Rnldw'n. 1-to nf
Illnpsburg. In said district d nsed,
AVhoreas. said Court has asslgt . t tho
27th dav of June, 1910. for examln'ng
and allowing the nepount f
ndnilnl trator of the pstntp i.f s '1
deceased. nnd for a de r-o '
, i'1" resume or snia es nto 'o
the lnwrul claimants of tvn same,
and ptdertd that public notlr. thr f
bo given all persons Interested lu
said estate hv publishing this crier
three weeks successively pr' Vl "is to
the dny assigned. In tho Ejr'.tngton
Woeklv Free Press, n nowsptiper pub
lished at Hurllngton, In said district
Tlo-re''-' o-i are hereby nctlied
to appear at the Probato O!ll-o
In Hurllngton, A'ermnnt, on the day
eiaslgnnd then and thero ti contost
the allovvan-o nf said account if y u
see cause, und tn establish your rights
ns heirs, .egatoos and lawful claim
snts to said residue.
Given under my hand, this 3rd day
of Juno, 1010.
BO.wSt J jdgo.
ltnte of William Zotrmiui, Uurllngtoa
Tho undorslgncd. having been ap
pointed by tho Honorable Probato
Court for the District of Cnlttt-ndo7i,
commissioners to receive, examine and
adjust the olnlms and demands of a'l
persons niralnst tho estate of William
Zottman, Into of Burlington, In
said district, decoa-sod, and all claims
exhibited In offset thereto, horoby ftlve
notice that vvo will moot for tho pur
poso aforesaid, nt tho office of John J
Flynn, In the city of Rurllng-ton, In
said district, on tho 2nd Saturdays of
July :tnd December next, at 10 o'clock
a. in., on each of raid days and that site
months from tho 11th day of Jur.o, A. D.
1910, Is tho tlmo limited by said court for
said creditors to present their clalma
to us for examination and allowance.
Dated at Hurllngton, this Hth day
of Juno, A. D. Itlio,
M.vv3t Commissioner.
nmn: of ai.fii:d av. nowARD,
STATU OF A'KRMONT, District ot
Chittenden, rs.
The Honorable Probato Court for
thn District Afnrnsnld:
To all persons Interested In tha es
tate nf Alfred AY. Howard, Into of Col
chester, dectased,
AVhoreas, application In writing has
boon made by the executrix of thu last
win ana lestntuent or snta deceased.
for license to morttrawo the real estate
tn pay mid Indebtedness, t'ai to j re
vont a sacrifice or said e-'.ite to one
tho Indel'tednes thereof, t . i-iulto re
pairs nnd Improvements upon said e
tato: and to preserve nrd cure for tt o
same, and praying lor license and ai.
thorlty to mortgage the r. il i --tate nf
wild ileccaspu, consisting nt a iir-a
situated ill Colchestpr In '..id distrb t.
of about 240 acres, for tho purpose f
borrowing mnnny with which to pay
raid Indebtedness, make repairs nn .
Improvements upon said state i
prevent n sncrltlcn of said p--t.itp. nr 1
for preserving nnd caring for tho
Whornupon, thn said cnurt appointed
and .'iHiigned tho tlrst day of July
1910, at the probate offlm In Rurllnu
ton, In snld district, to hoar and do
clde upon :ild uppllontlor, and orderel
that public notleo thereof bn given to
nil persons Interested therein, by pub
Ilsliing this order threo wppks uc
rosslvely In tho Hurllngton Weekly
Froo Press, n newspaper published nt
Hit i Ungtnn In said district, which cir
culates In thn neighborhood of those
persons Interested therein, which pub
lication shall be previous to tho tuns
appointed for thn hearing.
Thereupon, you nro hnrehy notified
to appear beforo ald court nt tho time
and place aforosald, nnd show cause.
If any you have, why such llcenso and
authority should not bo granted
Given undpr my hand, nt Hurllngton,
In 'aid district, this 13th day t-f Jrno,
B1.W3I Judge

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