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Burlington weekly free press. [volume] (Burlington, Vt.) 1866-1928, May 09, 1912, Image 8

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The Weekly FIIBE rRESO nnd any I
per copy, 50 rents for six monuis, i.w
per year, pestago paid.
Advertisements nnd subscriptions re
eclved nt the offloo, 1S9 College street.
Full advertising rates sent on applica
tion. Accounts cannot be opened for subscrtp
Hons. Subscribers will plenso remit with
order. Names are not entered until pay
ment Is received, nnd nil papers are stop
ped nt the end of the time paM 'r.
nemlttance nt the risk of the subscriber
unless made by registered letter, or by
check or postal order payable to tho pub
lishers. The date when tho subscription expires
Is on the ndrtrei-lnhel of ench paper,
the change of which to a subsequent
date becomes n receipt for remittance.
No other receipt Is sent unless requested.
The receipt of the paper Is a sufficient
receipt for the first subscription.
When n change of nddress Is desired,
both tho old nnd now addresses should
be given.
Terms $1.0,0 a Venr. In Alliance.
DAILY by mnll 94.no n jenr In nilvancc.
DAILY $4.00 n year In advance.
WERKIiY S2.no a year In advance.
PnlillNlier. Hurllngfnn, V.
When you want nnythlng, advertise
In the new fecial column of thin
paper. Soma bargains nro offered
there this week which it will pay you
to read about. See pngo two. This
paper hns moro than 25,000 renders
every week nnd one cent a word will
teach them nil.
Victor Berger, tho solitary social
ist congressman, condemns the I. W.
W. for their liny day riots In Now
York. Ho says that true socialism Is
not nntlnntlonal but International
This Is fnlr and true. What anarchism
and socialism hnvo In common Is their
protest against the present. Hut tho
method nnd nlni of the protests nre
very .llfferent.
Col. George T. Chllds. who died nt
ft. Albans Friday, was long tho
brilliant editor of he St. Albans Mes
senger, before he became postmaster,
nnd the fraternity throughout Ver
mont will unite In paying tribute to
one of the most brilliant and versatile
mlnJs that ever guided an editorial
pen In the Green Mountain State, ns
well ns to one of tho most genial and
lovable of men.
We arc glad that President Taft
published his letter to Mr. Roosevelt
In which ho spoke of the possibility of
using reciprocity to help make Canada
"an adjunct" of tho United States eco
nomically nnd commercially. Some of
our British contemporaries have tried to
torture this language Into an effort to
make Canada a political adjunct of tJi
United States, but tho accompanying
language used In the lotter demon
strates absolutely that the President
had no such thought In mind.
Now If tho President really desired
to make Canada nn adjunct of tho
United States economically nnd com
mercially, It follows ns nf matter of
course that ho could not have Intended
that the arrangement should Injure the
people of the United States. This con
clusion follows tho premise so surely
that demonstration Is not necessary.
But strangely enough some of those
who criticised President Taft for pro
moting tho reciprocity arrangament
looking to closo trado rolntlons be
tween the two countries, now find
fault with him for publishing his own
letter, as he had a perfect right to do.
because It shows whnt he really In
tended to accomplish.
In short President Taft'o letter
proven conclusively that ho beltaved
the arrangement would help the Uni
ted States, and our British cousins
evidently tak the same view of tho
In othur words President Taff s let
ter shows beyond question that his
American critics were wrong, and that
Is the chief reason why tboy now crlt
iclso Mm. They naturally object to
tho furnishing oj proof that they wero
not right.
It was a liberal and reasonable no
tion on the part of the bishops of tho
Methodist Episcopal Churoh to recom
mend that the rule prohibiting danc
ing, card playing, going to thoatros,
circuses, nnd horso rncos should be
abolished. The pIM of their recom
mendation was that the people should
bo left to Judgo for tbemsclvos which
amusements were good nnd which bad.
Tlroro wore isovjrnl reasona why tho
rule should be nbandoned. In the first
place, like nil hard an'J fast rules, It
was Ill-adapted to endure tho passage
of time. It mentioned several nlleged
ovlls by nnmo and as time went by
other like amusements camo Into fash
ion with the result thnt whllo a horsa
race or theatrical performance might
be evil to attend, a league ball game
could be taken In by tho wo.it devout.
While It might be a vlolntlon of church
rules to gamble, there was no subsec
tion to say whether gambling Included
buying on a margin or was confined to
matching pennies, shooting craps and
playing bridge for money. If the bis
Imps' recommendation Is followed the
conscientious churchman need not In
quire of himself whether the thing he
Is tempted to attend comes under the
head of horse races, circuses, or the
atrical performances, but merely
whether It Is or Is not good for his
Immortal soul, and whether by patron
izing It ho sets a worthy example,
, A great many pooplo In oommentlng
jpn tills Methodist discussion have said
Vermont needs fw new laws, and but for the desirability
of promoting the development of tho Stnto's natural resources,
we could got along fairly well for another biennial term without
n session of the "wisdom and virtue" of our commonwealth
in the legislative halls at Mont poller.
Our public school system has been put upon nn excellent
basis. Our highway development policy hns been pronounced
by the best federal authority to embody good judgment and
common sense in view of the uncertainty rcgnt'ding the kind of
road material needed to withstand the ravages of modern travel.
Our system of regulating and supervising public service corpor
ations has advanced as fast as the limes seem to warrant. Our
State institutions nro in good condition. Our police and sump
tuary legislation fairly meets 1 lie demands of tho period; and so
far as general laws arc concerned there is no pressing need of
any new sweeping enactment.
One can not travel about our common won 1th nnd study the
conditions prevailing throughout the State, ns n. whole, with
out becoming impressed by the fact that we are not realizing
what we should from our soil, from our streams and from our
scenery, and above all from our youth. The auto is a boon to
our present generation, owing to the fact that it is making it
possible for people to visit regions that were hitherto practi
cally cut off from tho groat outside world, and enabling careful
observers to note tho grand opportunities for development to bo
noted on every hand.
There are hundreds of spots where near natural reservoirs
may be established. There nre thousands of farms that are
producing only a fraction of the income they should afford their
owners. There arc hundreds of orchards going to waste be
cause those who possess them do not know how to make them
become a source of hotter income in proportion to the outlay
thnn any other pnrt of the farm. There are thousands of acres
of swamp and low land that could be made to blossom as a gar
den with proper drainage. There are hosts of villages standing
still or going backward, because the territory about them is not
progressing as it should and because the litile industries which
feed thorn arc being starved out.
If tlie public, student visits one of these places, ho will find
a fairly good system of roads leading to the community: he will
note ample school facilities, and churches, and telephones in most
of the houses, and frequent mails through the rural delivery or
otherwise, and if he looks about, he will discover that in the' vil
lage as well as on the farms, the houses and other buildings as
a rule are in creditable condition.
If the investigator pursues his inquiry a little further, he will
discover that the people in these communities are as a rule fairly
thrifty and industrious and temperate. The fathers and mothers
are seriously trying to give their sons and daughters a good
education, and to prepare them for future usefulness in tho
home and in the community and in the commonwealth and in the
The sad fact, however, is that the great majority of our little
villages and our farming region as a whole impress one as having
reached the limit of development under existing conditions,
and the people as a wdiolo do not readily sec how a radical
change for the better can be brought about.
How to institute a new ern of material development in Ver
mont is really the great problem confronting our statesmen and
our educators and those who would serve the commonwealth.
"Wo want legislation first thnt will help encourage our
young men and our young women to stay in Vermont and help
develop our other natural resources.
Ve want legislation that will help promote the storage of
our white coal for use in renewing our streams in the dry period
and in turning the wheels of industry.
While we must continue to educate our sons and daughters
for the future, we need lctrislation looking to methods that will
show our farmers of the present generation how to make two blades
of grass flourish where one struggles nmv, and to double the in
come from his dairy, and to make his apple crop one of the most
profitable investments on the farm.
We need legislation to enable our agricultural department
to aid, not only in developing general farming methods, but also
in encouraging the supplying of canning establishments with all
kinds of vegetables which the high price of living is rapidly mak
ing a household necessity throughout the land.
We need policies that will help to more rapidly develop
Vermont as a tourist center. New Hampshire did not merely
happen to become a center of attraction for visitors, and wo of
Vermont must wake up more rapidly to the necessity of adopt
ing the most thorough of modern methods, if we are to reap the
summer tourist harvest that should be onrs.
In short what Vermont needs now is the adoption of broad
policies of development which will lay a sure foundation for a
higher moral nnd intellectual and spiritual growth.
that the rules ought to be changed be
cause they are so much too good that
people will not live up to them, and
because they learn to disregard those
rules loarn to disregard all rules.
This Is tho old fallacy which woull
force us to repeal laws becauso they are
broken frequently nnd so mako people
loso respect for laws In general. If
laws are bad thoy ought to be repeal
ed whether pooplo break them or not.
If they nre good, it Is not tho laws
that need to be changed but the peoplo
who break them too frequently. Any
othor course of action pushed to Its
logical conclusion results In making
only Buch laws as will compel people
to do what they wnnt to Jo, which is
In tho coo of the Methodist discip
line, If tho rulec nro right they ought
to bo left uuchanged er.d tho pooplo
who break tbem taken In hand. If
thoy runlly ought to be changed, It la
because they are outgrown. If they
regard a change as a stop backwnrd, n
giving In to human weakness, let the
Methodiet fbxht for their rules and
maintain thorn ns long ns thoro Is n
single remaining pew-holder, nnd tho
solitary remnant of a spire for him to
worship under. But If thoy bollevo
that such a change would be a stop
forward, a readjustment to take nd
vantage of Improved conditions which
have mado good what may once have
boon dnngorous, lot them make haste
to strike out tho rules and forgot that
such limitations upon tho fullness of
life nvor existed.
New York has a measure aimed o
prevent the propagation of the mentally
defective. That tho great and rather
slow-moving Empire State bhould pass a
measure which a few years ago would
have been considered radical to the point
of horror Is significant of a shift of
public thought In this matter, and such
a shift as makes for tho preservation of
a sound humanity. Discoveries of scientists
only recently given practloal application,
have done more than anything else to
help forward this more sensible way of
thinking, by making It possible to obtain
the effect of sterilization without In
volving In the process a change In .tho
whole naturo of the subjoct. Mere
sterilization, or a sexuallzntlon, as It Is
called, Js no worse thn segregating tho
subject by putting the unfortunate in an
There is nn audacity nbout this measure
which staggers the average human being.
Modern States have taken a sciontlllc In
terest In safeguarding, developing, and
improving tho agricultural, mineral, and
Industrial resources; their only attempt
to promote the human assot has been by
education. It Ih probable that education
will always remain tho Inst word In tho
direction of the positive advancement of
tho humnn asset. Because tho .side of
man which "passuth undnrhtnndlng" In so
all-important a Alitor in him, It Is thn
conclusion of oven such daring thinker
as H G, Wells thru men can no more Im
prove their race by nrtlllcnlly breeding
men in the direction 'n which they wish
the race to grow, than tho Individual can
lift himself by tugging at his boot-straps.
But laws of tho typo of the Now York
act are very different from this. So dif
ferent are they that tho only excuse for
mentioning the other kind of eugenics in
connection with them lb that the two
things may bo expressly distinguished
nnd kept apart. Measures llko tho New
York law contemplato no posltlvo step
along lines of ougenlcs but merely tho
sane and sensible attempt to stop tho
spread of tho unfit, who on tho wholo
propogalo their kind rather more rapidly,
If let alone, than do the mentally sound,
and If left unchecked dilute tho manhood
of a community and nro a burden for tho
rest to carry.
Those who nro moat closely In touch
with tha facts tell us that hero In Ver
mont wo have need of such legislation.
Wo nre a Small State whose chief assot
hus always been Its manhood. Further
more we are, for this country, a long
sctUod community, nnd one which has
undergone no overturn or chango of de
velopment or other shaking up of tho
population. Under such circumstances
the general tendency Is for peoplo of a
certain moro vigorous typo to gradually
draw apart and breed up, nnd for their
opposltts to draw apart and gradually
breed down. They tell us that In certain
localities of our Stats this process hus
gono so far thnt on the breeding down
side there Is need of State Interference.
This seems reasonable enough nd not
very alarming If tho State na sonso to
take up tho matter without delay. We
liopo with the next session of the Legis
lature to boo the passago of a law not un
like that which Now York ban recently
added to her statute books.
To tho Editor of tho Krco Press:
No ono knows better than the writer
tho futility of open lottors to the press
but when an ofllclnl Is publicly attacked,
as tho superintendent of Uio reform
school has lately boen by tbo smaller
weeklies of tho State, It seenw almost
tho duty of his friends, that is of all
who are honestly Interested In tho truo
betterment of Vermont, to rally openly
to his support,
What aro tho truo facts of tho case?
Mr. Unrss has for some years been
fittidylng tho social conditions In Ver
mont Pomo good citizens, knowing this,
nskod him to speak about them at a
church gathering. This talk Incited mora
good citizens to nsk him to tell others
about what ho had found nnil then tho
press took It up and reported what ho
said nnd spoltn favorably of his work
and seriously considered what might bo
dono to ntnellorutu th eso bad conditions,
often milling, If I remember right, that
every Vcrmontcr should know nbout
this stnto of affairs. Unfortunately ono
of these papers, or a quotation there
from, got Into tho editorial rooms of
tho Now York Sun and was commented
upon. Then a cry wont up from these
Fame State papers that Mr. Unrss wns
Injuring tho good name of Vermont.
Hoforo tho publication of thu articles
In the Now York Sun and Boston Tran
script nil the criticisms of Mr. Barss's
address which I personally had read had
been favorable. Since that publication
crltlclfm has been generally guarded or
llnve a few Hues In the metropolitan
press altered the truth7 Should not every
good Vcrmontcr fully understand nil tho
conditions good and bad which exist In
his State? Ignoranco Is the great en
emy of reform. Can you save nn npplo
by polishing the skin If It Is already rot
ten nt tho coro7
If any harm ha been dono who Is
responsible? Mr. Unrss quietly speaking
to tho bettor citizens of this State,
speaking with absolute sincerity and sin
gleness of purpose, or tho press of tho
State which on Its own roponslblllty has
spread broadcast the facts as ho stated
tbem? If tho editors knew they wero
untrue thoy should have contradicted
tliem. If they thought they would In
jure the State, they should not have pub
lished them.
Mr. Batss has courted no publicity for
himself but for thu truth and for tho
good of Vermont.
If ns ono journal Insinuated, he wished
to got his name into the papers, he Is
well enough known outside of this State
to have his views and his personality
given wide publicity. Bo Is so well
Known In fact that he has had tempting
olfers to leavu the State and only re
considered his resignation nf a year ago
at tho earnest solicitation of men who
aro fully cognizant of the splendid work
be Is doing and who have at heart the
best Interest of all citizens of Vermont,
both tho good and tho bail
After all no harm has ten dono to
t' o State. No harm has been dono to
Mr. Bki-fs, but wh fear harm may bo
dono to the reforms which ho Is so ably
nnd so unselfishly advocating and from
which It la hoped that great good will
Wo who nre Interested In these reforms
have no quarrel with the press. Wo be
lieve that with n few exceptions it is
honest in Its motives and we appeal to
Its generosity nnd with full faith call
upon It to aid us by Its groat Influence
for good and not waste its power In
mlstaklngly trying to cover up actual
conditions or In petty personal criticism.
"Reputation is what others think of
us, character Is what wo know ourselves
to be." X.
Congressman Underwood carried Geor
gia presidential primary by lf, over
& PEASE'S lass
A new lot of
Spring Suits
placed on sale
here to-day
go into our
now famous
line at
and FiftyCents
Blue Sereis,
plain and self-striped,
gray, purple, brown,
tan and dark mixed,
l'ure worsteds, some
with just a "dr?nm"
of a fine silk or wor
sted stripe or genteel
Tailored to positive
ly insure shnpe-ret.'iin-ing.
They'll sell as easily
for several dollars
Compare them with
what costs $20 and $2.1
Tho new Spring and
Summer Underwear
and Shirts are now
ready for sale here.
Jupiter flic IlrlKlitcst aiming the I'liiii
ets Two Full Moon Thin Month.
Tho most Interesting feature of tho
evening sky this mouth Is the coming of
the planet Jupiter Into a position whero
It can bo observed nt convenient hours.
Since It was conspicuous In tho early
morning last January In company with
Venus, It has been rising earlier, n.i thn
nights hnvo followed each- other, until
now ai the month begins It rises at 9:20
p. m., nntl will rlso nt sunset nt the close
of the month. The planet Is far south In
tho constellation Sagittarius, and Is mov
ing westwnid towards the red star An
tares In tho adjoining constellation Scor
pio. It rises In tho southeast, nnd as It
moves across tho sky each night de
scribes tho path which tho sun takes In
tho Intter part of November. It Is tho
most brilliant star now to bo seen In the
sky, ns fts only rival Venus Is not In
Tho telescopic view of Jupiter Is al
ways Interesting ns the belts crossing
tbo dlso nnd the four bright satellites In
their over-ohatiglng positions are always
prominent features. There nro sovcral
evenings this month In which transits of
tho satellites and their shadows may bo
seen. On tho 2nd after 10 p. m. und tho
Uith after 9:30 p. m. satellite I and Its
shndow ctoss tho disc. On the Oth after
11 p. m. nnd tho 31st after p. in. satellite
II and Its shadow cross the dlso. On tho
9th tho shadow of satellite HI Is In tran
sit as tho planet rises. It leaves tho disc
soon after 9:20 p. m., eight minutes before
the satclllto Itself begins Its transit.
Aftor 11:15 nn tho samo evening satclllto
I preceded by Its shadow crosses the disc.
On tho 12nd, satellite II Is eclipsed, the
ccllpso beginning nt nbout 10:30 p. m.
Jupiter Is not only tho brightest planet
visible, but It Is the only ono at nil con
spicuous. Mars Is still In the evening
sky, but not ns bright ns Bollux, near
which It Ifl passing. Thn plnnet moves
this month from Clemlnl tnta Cancer. On
the 20th It Is In line with Castor and Pol
lux, tho southernmost of the three. Its
ruddy color distinguishes It from other
stars In Its vicinity, and It Is now quite
far distant from Aldebaran, tho star In
thn western sky, which resembles It most
closely. It sots before midnight, at 11
o'clock on tho last of tho month.
Thu telescopic plnnet Neptune Is In ex
cellent position for evening observation
with a suitable Instrument, which should
be pointed to Htght Ascension 7h. 32m.,
declination N 21 degrees 14 minutes. This
Is In Gemini, near Mars. On the 12th
Mars passes Neptune, going 2 degrees
farther north.
Saturn Is invisible this month, as It li
near tho sun In direction. On the 14th It
passes behind tho sun, and nfter that
dato rises before the sun. On thn 27th It
N near Venus, both planets In the strong
twilight of tho early morning.
Venus can bo seen with dllflculty, ris
ing on tho 1st at 4:05 a. m. and on the
21st nt 3:45 n. m. The twilight half an
hour beforo sunrlso Is too strong for
even this brilliant planet. Not only Is It
near the sun In direction, but It Is be-
I yond the sun In distance, nnd, therefore,
i near its least brightness.
lloroiiM' nint. 1n can Imf.,,., eiini'lpn fni"
a few mornings near the 13th. It Is of
about one-half its greatest brilliancy. It
rises on the 13th nt 3:10 a. m., 45 minutes
before the sun. It may be teen at nbout
4 a. m. above the eastern point of tho
horizon, but .will bo found with difficulty
unless a field glass or telescope Is used.
Uranus rises on tho 1st at 12:45 a. m.
nnd on tho 31st ut 10:15 n. m. It Is low In
tho south In tho constellation Caprl
cornus. On the Sth It begins Its retro
grade motion among tho stars, which an
nounces the time It car. bo best examined
with a telescope.
The .Moon this month Is full on the 1st,
now on tho 15th nnd again full on tho
.".1st. The latter half of tho month has
moonlit evenings. The Moon passes near
Jupiter on the 3rd und ngain on the 30th,
and is near Mars on the 20th. It Is low
In tho south on the 5th nnd high In the
north on the 15th.
Tho progress of the seasons each year
Is marked by the constellations which
movu steadily westward as the nights
follow each other. In May. the bright
winter groups disappear In the west, and
wo see for tho last time Taurus and
Us subordinate groups, tho Pleiades and
Hyadcs, and Its ruddy star Aldebaran:
Canls Major with tho brilliant dog star
Slrlus; Orion with Its belt and Sword nnd
Its bright stars Botelgouso nnd Blgol.
Gemini with Its twin stars Castor nnd
Pollux nnd Auriga with Its brilliant stnr
Cnpella nro approaching the western hori
zon. To take the places of these groups,
Leo, Virgo nnd Libra contlnuo the zodi
acal line with Ilcgulus nnd Splca the
most conspicuous stars. High In tho
east Is Bootes with Arcturus for Its lead
ing star, while Lyra In tho northeast Is
marked by tho star Vega. In tho south
east Is tho quadrilateral Corvus and
Hercules, Ophlcuchus, Serpens, Coma,
Berenices and Corona lion alls are In tho
east. Tho northern heavens show tho
Great Dipper high In the sky, Cassiopeia
near the horizon and Draco In tho east.
It 1s often Interesting to those who aro
watching tho advance of our knowledge
of the heavenly bodies to discover that
certain studies are halted for tho time,
waiting for further advance In other re
searches with which they are related,
An excellent Illustration Is found in tho
s.ibject of the Individual motions of tho
distant stars. They nro called "fixed
stars," but are really moving; It Is only
their enormou.i distances which mako
them appear to us to bo ilxcd with regard
to each other. Tho problem Is to ilnd out
tho direction In which each Is moving
ind Its rnto of speed. Tho first and sim
plest way Is to determine the exact di
rection of a star at two times many
years apart; this shows at onco whether
tho direction from tho earth Is Chang
Ing, und tho amount of tho change. Thu
longer tho interval tho smaller tho
change that can bo detooted. If tho In
terval Is as much ns a century n chango
as small ns a hundredth of a second can
bo thus discovered. Several thousand
stars have movements of this umount.
Now tho Investigation halts becauso star
catalogues enumerate only a very small
numbur of tho stnr.- visible In tho sky.
More star positions must be obtained.
Kor a number of years some of the lead
ing nbs-ervntorles of tho world have co
operated In adding to tho number of
stars whoso exact directions from tho
earth nro determined. When this work,
which is ono of enormous labor, la re
peated HO or moro years from now, thcio
will bo abundant material to draw trom,
md we shall tlien know the rate nt which
many thousand, perhaps even a million
. r more, stars aro moving across our
I ie of sight to them, The largest mo
f m yet known Is eight seconds per year.
o should llku to know how much this
iw. in miles, hero again tho lusourch halts
ntll the distance:! of Individual stnrs
ftom us are better Known, in oniy n iew
. ,iscs!css than 200-aro tho distances
Known One of the most rapid motions
sel detectt.l Is that of Arcturus, whoso
rtn is about M miles per second; but
several seem to bo moving at a greater
rate, although Iho exact amount Is not
yet accurately known.
i.,,t ih motion of Individual stars oh
tallied by i-ominrllig their directions nt
different times la not.JJieir ei mwu-u,
but only tho part of It Which Is across
tho direction In which we view them. If
wo can obtain tho amounts that they are
moving toward us or away from us, then
combining tho two we shall get the real
direction and rnto of motion that the In
dividual stars have relative to the earth.
Tho Invention of tho spectroscope hns
mado this possible, nnd In the last 20
years the method has been applied with
great success, so that the motion toward
us or away from us Is known for several
hundred stars already, and the list Is
growing rapidly. Hero ngaln tho study
halts until tho distances of the stars arc
hotter known, for a very curious reason.
Tho motion obtained from the star posi
tions first mentioned (knowntechnlcally an
"proper motion") Is calculated In angular
units-seconds of aro per year. Tho mo
tion toward or away from us obtained
by the spectnncopo (known technically
i,s "radial motion") is calculated In linear
units miles or kllomotres per second.
Thcso cannot be changed, one to the
other, until tho dlstanoe of tho star Is
known. Present Investigators must bo
content with getting tho two parts of
tho motion nnd leave their combination
to a succeeding generation.
Once more, the studies of stellnr motion
give the motions of the stars as seen from
the earth and thus Include whatever mo
tion tho earth Itself has. Tho motion of
tho earth around the sun Is well under
stood and Is deducted from that obtain
ed directly from tho stars, but If the
earth and other planets together with
tho sun nre moving, then this must bo al
lowed for nlso. It ha been taught for
many years that the sun and planets aro
moving toward a point which Is not fur
from tho bright star Vega. This result
was obtained from a study of proper and
mdlnl motions nnd assumed that tho stars
on the average aro moving Indiscrimin
ately In nil possible directions. Lntoly
this assumption has been questioned, and
several Investigators hnvo found that
there Is some erideneo of drifts of largo
groups of stnrs In different directions.
Now this Investigation halts until moro
material has acumulated; tho collection
of data Is the work laid out for Investi
gator In this line of research. More
star positions, more determinations with
the spectroscope, greater knowledgo of
distances of Individual stars, are the
needs. The first two mean labor by well
known methods, bu' the last hns tho
handicap that tho methods themselves
nro Inadequate. The tremendous magni
tude of tho stellar universe, and the
enormous distances between tho several
1dtcs In It, nro beyond comprehension.
The difficulty of mnklng researches only
emphnslze the truth. Winslow Lpion
In tho Boston Transcript.
ReDorts to Bradstreet's for tho week
In summarizing trade conditions for tho
month of April stnto nmong tho marble
manufacturers an unevenness Is noted;
with some manufacturing Interests in
this lino there Is a good demand for
bu'ldlng stone but with others there is
still a quietness and labor is not os wen
implnved as It was a year ago. The
demand for monumental stone still holds
up well. Several new marble quarries
hnvo been opened and one new manufac
turing plant In this lino Is being built.
Tho demand for granite for both monu
mental and building trado Is good. Two
new finishing plants nre being built and
work on same Is rapidly progressing.
There appears moro life In the woolen
business but In the Black River section
minor labor troubles have been experienc
ed In a small way.
With tho lumber manufacturing In
terests at Burlington a strike among em
ployees has tied up the business In that
line temporarily. Some now building work
has been commenced In different parts of
the state but there Is some uneasiness
experienced over the unsettled condition
nf labor in this line as well. Tho novelty
woodtumlng business Is reported tn-
ci easing, the demand being In excess of
the period. Wholesale dealers report a
fair business In most lines. With tho re
tail merchants a reasonably good trade
ha obtained In spite of the cool weather.
Paimers report n scarcity of potatoes
for seed purposes although In certain
places the farmer Is said still holding
them for another ndvnnce. Country trade
is sold n little Improved nnd the roads
nro rapidly Improving. In the hill sec
tion travel Is difficult but In the main
tho going Is much better than It was
during tho week previous.
Included In the failure reports for tho
mouth were seven voluntary bankruptcies
showing a total liability of J14.W2.79 nnd
total assets of fi,0!9.22. In number this
Is tho same as for tho month of March
of this year but there is a decrease in
the liabilities of over 60. A like number
of failures was roported for the month
of April, 1911, which wns tho largest
number of failures for any April since
19W. April of this year reported U Urea
affecting 15 mercantile interests with
gross damage of $55,00). This vas nbout
one third total amount of damage dono
during month of Mnrch this year. It was
tbo largest fire damage for any April
since 1909. Four domestic corporations
were chartered during tho month Just
closed with nn aggregate capitalization
of KhM.Oio.
"For the land's sako use Bowker's
IVrtilizers. Thoy enrich tho earth nnd
those who till it." 2!.13t,e.o.w.tf.
Observance of Memorial liny Kn
ennipnirnt In Burlington June O nud 7.
General orders number S Issued by
Department Commnn. t t" M. Kerrln
cull attention to tho observance of Me
niorial tiny by o. A. 11, posts. Tho sug
gestlon Is made that church bells bo
tolled for flvo minutes, beginning with
noon of that day, and thnt comrades re
main standing uncovered during that
time. Members of tho several posts In
the department aro urged to attend
church on May 21, inviting all auxiliary
organizations to nccompnny them.
uoiierm urcieis number 9 announce
that the 45th nnnual encampment of the
department will bo held In Burlington
Thursday nnd Friday, Juno fi nnd 7,
Headquarters will bo established at the
Van Ness House nt 7 p. m., June 6. nmt
tho encampment will open nt the armory
at 10 o'clock the following morning.
A reception will be given by tho offi
cers of tbo Woman's Belief Corps, De
partment of Vermont, to the national de
partment officers nnd comrades of the
G. A. II., Spanish War Veterans, Sons
of Veterans, ladles of the O. A. n., and
their auxiliaries and citizens, Wednes
day evening, Juno B, nt the Van Ness
A rampflro will be held Thursdny
evening, under tho nusplces of Stnnnard
Post. No. 2, to which tbo public Is In
vl led,
Information is wanted of Hiram V,
Twlss, who served In the nth or 12th
Pennsylvania cavalry. After his discharge
from thn service ho camo to Vermont
und married and Is supposed to reside
here now.
St. Johnsbury Is to hnvo a now hotel,
on which it Is being planned to expend ,
nbout 176,000. The project Is being pushed
by the Commercial club of that place.
Albert W. Blllado nnd W. W. NlchoU of
Uutlnnd have been granted a patent on a
horseshoe with adjustable calks, w t.
adapted for tho use of dray horses where
a sharp calk Is of little u3e.
Geofge Klrlck, the young son nf m,
and Mrs. James Blrlck of Barro, hail a
nurrow escape irom losing nil tho Angers
of his left hand when It was caught In ii
cog on a derrick. Two fingers wero
nmputntcd abovo the first joint.
Patrick Brown of Bnrrc was severely In
Jured In the Jaw when a lever on n Jack,
used In lending a pleeo of marble, new up
nnd struck him. Ills tongue, which was
between his teeth, wni badly lnrernted.
Brnttlcboro Odd Fellows are to have a
now homo, a lot for that purpose having
been purchased at a com of $1C,'i0.
Charles Carpenter of Barro poured kero
sene on a fire In tho kitchen stove and
ns a result was severely burned when the
live coals flew out on him. Ho was
unable to open his eyes becauso of hla
burns, but it Is thought his sight will
bo preserved.
Because of the brutal treatment of hlj
horse, John Colombo of Lyndonvllle wos
sentenced In Caledonia county court
Thursday to six months at tho houso of
correction. His horse, driven to Its limit.
fell In the road and there ho left It. It
was found the next morning nnd had tc
be killed to end Its agony. Colombo la
thought to be Insane and may bo trans
ferred to Watcrhury.
A carpenters' strike Is In progress In
Rutland and about 75 workmen havo quit
work. Contractors have refused to give
a any s pay for eight hours' work and
consequently little building is going un
Tho builders' association has taken no
ofnclal action, but It Is thought tha' 11
tno strikers hold firm tho situation .v il
become acute.
The operating expenses of the Run n :
railroad for March wero J270.070.9S nnd t
expenses wero J220.73S.33, giving a r
operating revenue of J19,.'!32.65. For t; e
throe months ending March 31, the ope.
ing revenue was JlWX.G.Kl.
Michael Haloy of Montpollcr, an e.
glnoer on the Grand Trunk road, r.-,
tho run between Montreal and Rous, i
Point, droppod Joad In his cab Fridav
morning at Rouses Point while pre
paring to tako out tho Grand Trunk
Tho Second Congregational Church
of Bennington celebrated tho 70th an
nual meeting of tho parish Thursday
Brnttleboro, through tho efforts of
Its board of trade, Is to have a new
manufacturing concern. A last block
factory Is to be located thero by sev
eral New York men, the construction
of tho plant to begin September 1.
About 50 hands will ho employed.
Edward Doforgo Is to bo tried at
Barro Friday on a charge of being
implicated In a theft of goods in a
summer shock at East Montpolier be
longing; to a group of young men.
Judson Hall, aged 3S years, Is still
at liberty after escaping from the
Brnttleboro Retreat where he hal been
confined a year. He has a record for
having: escaped from other Institu
tions. The Brattleboro Houso property Is
to bo mada Into a public, square, J15,-
000 having been voted for that purpose
Friday night. Toward the proposed
railroad improvements in the town,
130,000 has been raised.
An electric car In Rutland Saturday
evening struck a wagon driven by R,
E. Bentley. Neither Mr. Bentloy nor
the horso was Injured, but the wagen
was demolished.
The Incorporators of he Brattleboro
Tuberculosis association ar Charles O.
Staples, Ruth N. Thompson, Ella Scott
Warner. Maud L. E. Fitts. tho Rev. D.
E. Trout, Fred W. Rued and Arthur F.
Roberts. Application has been made to
the State board of health for permlss! a
to establish a tuberculosis camp.
Mr. and Mrs. F. T. Cutler of Barnj
celebrated their 40th wedding anniver
sary Sunday evening, when V mem.iers
of the Indies' union nnd others of t.
Unlversnllst Cljurch went in a body ko
the house to congratulate them.
A horte belonging to Joseph L. Ark!e
and attached to a heavy delivery wag"n
created havoc In tho Mreets of Barre
Saturday afternoon when it dashed at
full speed up and down. The contents of
tho wagon, boxes and barrels loaded
with excolslor, were tliroun tign and
The. Central Vermont locomotive No.
RSfl sidoswlped a loaded freight oar Sun
day morning that did not stand clear of
the track In Barre. The cab was ripped
fiom the engine and tho engineer, fire
man, conductor nnil two brukemcn had
to Jump to escape Injur).
Harvey A. GoulJ, aged 67 years,
dropped lead on the street In Chester
Monday of heart failure.
James Grlllin or Brattleboro is suing
tho Boston ,v Maine rond for $20,000 In
Wln.llmm utility court In session at
Newfan? 'i'ho case will be concluded
this week.
The cost of the just eoneludod term
of Washington county court was $3."'.i,
which is considerably less than In s.n
eral years past.
President Benton of the University
of Vermont spoke Tuesday nt Ben
nington In connection with tho library
Institute being held there this week.
Ills subject was "Samuel Adams, Pa
triot." The spring session of the Connc'l
cut liver alley conferem e n
hold nt Brattleboro In the Unitarian
Church Tuesday and Wednesday even
ings of net week.
Th3 nnnual meetings of the grand
bodies of Odd Fellows of tho Stnto nro
to bo held at Woodstock beginning
Mon.iny, May 13, and concluding with
tho end of t ho week.
Motorman Earle Clark, fatally In
jured in tho collision between a pas
senger car and a Rutland street ex
press Mondny afternoon, died early
Tuesday morning,
Tho 23rd nnnunl State meeting of
the Womcns' Homo Missionary Union
of the Congregational Church will bo
held In Swnnton May 2S and 29, Thoso
taking pnrt will Include Mrs. M. II.
Buckham, Mrs. W. J. Vnn Patten, Mrs.
Evan Thomas nnd Mrs. F. S. Ponso of
At tho nnnunl meeting of tho St.
Johnsbury Woman's club, Mrs. George
M, Oray wns elocod prcsldont, Tha
delegates to the State Federation In
Montpellor In Juno oroi Mrs, O. II,
Cross, Mrs, II, F. Balch, Mrs. D. D. Pat
torson, Mrs, W. 11. Worthen and Sir
kJi Smell U Eastman,

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