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THE nTTflLTNGTON FREE FJtKaB ANT) TTrtTKS: THUH8DAT, TTTNT3 20, 1012.
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DAILY l.00 n yenr In niUnnee. WEGKI.V K2.00 m jenr In advance. pnr.n muss AS'ort.vriox. Ptilillsliers. Burlington, V mtrmnoton, Tmmnn.vv, jitne :e. WANTED. When you want anything, advertise In the new special column of this paper. Stvmo baralns are offored thdre this veok which It will pay you to read about. See pase two. This paper has more than 25,000 readers even' week nnd one rent a worn, will roach them r.ll A man has Just Jled In Columbus, Ohio, who hail male a standing offer of one million dollars for a cancer euro. There nre great levelers In the worlA still, and tho cancer that a million dol lars could not euro was one of these. Harry Thaw's own witness has tes tified that Thaw Is "constitutionally Inferior," which seems to be the scien tific way of saying that hn Is crazy. This Is a relief. Tt Thaw was not crazy In- was Riillty anl If ho was not guilt)' he was crazy. It Is too lato to llnd hlni gulltv. Therefore tho only alternative to letting him escape al together is to keep him crazy. Mas he long be declared "constitutionally 'nferlor." Probably tho most growsomc con vention ever held Is the meeting to ronslder mcthois of Inflicting tho death sentence, which lias just boen held at PIttabnrg. Does not the Im mensity of the calamity In the case of the death sentence swallow up the means? Tho .supreme penalty 1 too terrible to think about. Still, there seems to be no effective substitute for It. Looked at as slow torture, which It really Is, life Imprisonment Is more horrible still. Max L. Powell Is fairly launched as Burlington's' candidate for the lieu tenant-governorship. Mr. Pcwell has assurances of strong support in eight countias and has been prnci Ically con ceded delegates In some others. He is ronflient of n predominating number of delegates in this coitnty outsido of Burlington. Mr. Powell has a winning way with him. Because ho Is Max I.. Powell, ho is always a factor to be rockonel with. Tn this race his hances are moro than good. A Mississippi rlelegato nnrnol How nrj has gone to the Chicago conven tion on both sides. He wns chosen lelegato by both factions. Howard .he Hoosevelt delegate and Howard the Tuft delegat,. both went before the conference committee and tho Taft 3 Toward won. However, he mny get mixed up with himself yet and vote the wrong ticket. It Is safe to say that many other delegates In these troublous times nrn wishing that they 1 n.l shown the diplomacy of that man Howard and gone to Chicago on both Mdes. Washington reports Indleato that 1 niseball Is eclipsing politics. The Washington American I.uague team, otherwise k"".vri us the ".Senators," lias made tne enviable record of six teen vlrtorl'-ti away from tho home oK1 If th excitement becomes much More Intepee. fn-RFS will be growing lu the paths to the Cp'.tol and cob .vebd will festoon tho seats in the Henate M'.wnlinr. Hut Just at present there are many outside tho national legislature who will welcome coun-ler-lrrltiut to politics, and of these not a few woulj welcome an antldoto to the colonel. The tentative republican State plat fjrm belns by enumerating some of thn achievements of the p.irty iurlng tho past fifty year? It ends with a warhinic to the party to bo good nnd keep lt plMges, and r.n Implied ac cusation that pledges havo not always been kept in the past. This Is not what the booltH call a cllmnx, but ono end or tho other of tho platform may be tm. Perhaps tho best view Is that In a State overwhelmingly peo pled by zealous adheronts of one par ty, a platform Is not a pledge at all nut merely a declaration of Intentions on the part of the State convention, made to Impress the legislature. The point Is that the Legislature Is not really elected by tho platform. The party would carry the elections with or without a platform, becnuso the' party Itself and Its men havo the con p.rtenco of the voters. .M'Pf.B MOWFR FOn HKNATOn. n Interesting feature of the campaign, .vhlch culminated Saturday In tho uleo tlon of delegates to the republican county convention favoring thn candidacy of Rd bund C. Mower for State enator, was the entrance Into It of a labor candidate. This was In the nature of nn experiment In Burlington nnd tho result was Interest ing. Mr. Bccdo was possibly handicapped by his lato entrnnco Into tho campaign, although this handicap was not so great as It would have beet! 10 tho case of a candidate riot hacked by organizations al ready In operation. His campaign was clean nnd entirely freo from lawlessness. So far us wo know, .Mr. Ueedo refrained In a remarkable manner from any appeal to olnws hostility und bitterness, although, because of the nature of his candidacy, tho temptation to make such appeals must have been great. Mr. llecdo by his mod eration deserves the thanks and ndmlra tlon of all lovers of social good-fcellng. The ballot showed that tho man who Is tliesn progressive nnd almost radical sent to Montpcllcr must represent, not measures the committoo liaJ not given only tho particular kind of workers who ' ,vny to on enthusiasm for Indlscrlm call themselves laborers, but all .the good ' ntP radlcnllty. Neither that prime people of Burlington. It Is altogether heresy, tho recall of Judges, nor tho illjht on principlo nnd often very wise to i expensive, cumbersome nnd wrong chooso a representative who Ib or has been I principled Initiative nnd roferondum a laboring man. There was once a vo.pre-! Is ineln led In the tentative platform, sentatlve of that krnd whose name was J The language of the paragraph con Llncoln. It Is quite another thlnor to elect detuning tho recall of decisions seems a man who Is exclusively a "labor" repre- J to Indicate a misconception of Just sentattve. The principle Is that the man chosen, whatever his occupation, should be broad enough and honest enough to represent tho Interests of all concerned. When we become so bankrupt of man hood as to ' unnblo to llnd that kind, the government may as well go out of business.. As a matter of fact tho labor ing men will find that they have In the winner of tho caucus a man who will rep resent them with tho ability and sym pathy of ono who has been forced to make his own wny, and has done It fairly and well. THI1 TEXTATIYK IM.ATKOIl.M. The tentative republican .State plat form, because of the absence In it of some popular Innovations which nre unsound on principle nnd the pres ence in It of some things equally radi cal which arc right on principle, is an Immense improvement upon the or dinary say-nothing party platform. What might be termed the apportion ment of tho platform gives especial evidence of gooj sense. In dealing with matters which have b?en thor oughly throshe3 over by tho public It is sulllclontlv specific to bo hnlnfiil. while in tho outlining of less familiar j topics it is not detailed enough to! i prove a hindrance to tho Legislature Tho practice of submitting the draft of platform and inviting suggestions Is of exceptional value on account of the kind of reflex lucntlonnl effect 1 peoplo of the State. On the whole, everyone must approve unless tl'.ero bo some re1-eye'J radicals who nre disappointed because the outline con tains no provision for the assassina tion of judges and the decapitation of Legislatures. Among tho moro significant sugges tions are reforms In the system of nomination, changes In the corrupt practices law, with particular ref erence to publicity of campaign ex penses, altered methoJs of taxation, nni n "fair and reasonable" work man's compensation law. The tax question is nn Involved one, worthy of separate discussion. That the nomination system now In vogue alinoi ev?rywhero needs over hauling seems to be tho prevailing opinion. It seems to be generally be lieved that Indirect methods of filling representative offices afford an oppor tunity for influences other than the interests of the electorato to intervene, t-o that the incumbent of tho olllco may forget whose servant he really Is. Tho tentative platform advocates moroi direct methods of nomination. It also expresses the opinion that nominations aro the concern of the parties, and that reforms such ns those suggested arc better left to be worked out wlt.t ln the party. This Is open to ques tion. Parties In this country havo b?en from the outset unofficial organiza tions. At tho -very first they wero al most clandestine anJ In some Instan ces were legislated against Not a few of the sore spots In our politics have dovelopei from this very fact. Tho trend of things has tended to make par' lea more and more a part of the ocelot machinery of government. Whnn tho lyeglslnture Imposes the rules by which the party is to govern itself It llsmlfloa the party. Maklnr caucuses as much a part of the regular organization of government ns elec tions now are ought to give the ordi nary voter greater respea for this link in the chain which leads from tho more aeplrant, through tho Btage of the nomlno, to tho elected ofilolal And In a one-party State like Vermont that link H the Important one. tin less there are strong practical reasons to the contrary, It may sejm wise In go farther thnn the suggestion In tho platform, anl recommend that nomi nation reforms be Imposed by the Legislature and not left to be workel out within the party. The plank favoring publicity of campaign expenses, If embodied In a reasonable lnw, woul.1 probably prove full as much to tho advantage of wealthy seekers of olllcn us to tholr less wealthy rivals. In every State there Is a tribe of leeches who levy tribute upon the rich In politics and try tn spread tho opinion that It Is a stingy thing for a rich man In poll tics not to scatter money right nnd left. This Is not so much the ease In Vormont ns In many other States, hut there Is always room for Improvement. The difficulty Is In framing a law which will be rnasonablo and Mfectlve. lu general, the tendency with corrupt practice laws Is to 'landlmp Lie scrupnlous man by confronting him wtth obstacles which less conscientious I rivals will overleap without tho slight- ' est hesitation. A law for the public- Ity of campaign expenses must noC only command the law-abiding man to bo truthful In his statement, but must compel like conduct on the part of tho unscrupulous. Tho i eeommondntlon of a workman's compensation law Is In nccor.1 with tho dictates of humanity nnd with tho spirit of tho times. Under present coniltlorrs It la only just that the risk to humanity be made a part of tho running expenses of nny concern. Practically, this woulj bo beneficial In eliminating a mass of litigation of a disagreeable, charnetor. It Is refreshing to noto that with what tho recall of decisions Is, and of tho limits which tho author of this In novation set for It. Hut even rightly conceived, It Is doubtful If Vermont la In any way In need of tho recall of io clslons. Vermont Is a small State and a com paratively old State. On tho wholo her problems nre not such as .lemand drastic measures. Anl for the most part, her traditions are not such as should be lightly Jeparted from. Ver mont should lie conservative in pro serving whnt Is establlshel. and radi cal In adding such new liens and In stitutions ns are worth while. Whero the two precepts conflict sound Now England common sense must turn tho balnnce. Put there are more cases than men arc likely to bellie whero a man may be progiesslvo without be ing destructive. In discerning this truth the frnmers of 'tho tentative platform have merlto.1 high commen dation. BERMUDA "HOG MONEY.' ""' Mxmsiples of I're-ltcw.liilloiinry Currency (Prom the New York Tribune.) The ,T. B. Colrtecntt collection of coins nnd tokens of the HrIU.-h possessions and colonies, which will be sold at Sotheby's In London on June 11, 12 and 13, Is of special lntei est to American numismatists because It contains many rarities of our Prc-Itevohitlnnary period. There are. for in-innce, inree values oi tne eeienrateu "Hog Money" of Someis Island, or Ber muda. These three coins wore found In Bermuda and were taken to Kngland In l', whin thev were brought b- Mr ( '".1 decott. Tlie coins of this series were Mruck on copper plated with sliver. The rarest of the three Issues Is the twopence. On the obverse Is the tlgnro of a hog, with value II nbove and ."-mall, five-pointed star underneath. On tho ro vcr.se Is a two-masted galleon between the bttii's S. (Somersi and 1 (IsIni'iN.) A dotted circle surrounds the design on each side. The other two values aro tho six pence and the shilling, each of them hav ing the figure of a hog within a beaded circle and on the reverse a four-masted galleon carrying Mill on threo masts. Among the earlv Massachusetts coins the New Kngland shilling, the Willow Tree sixpence, double struck, as are all these coins; s'-v n iak Tree shillings sl Oak Tree threepence, rt large and nine small Pino Tree shillings, five Pine Tree threepence, and tilal on copper of a die for a small Pino Tree shilling, of which only one other specimen is known. Maryland Is represented by a groat, a sixpence, mid a shilling Issued by Lord Baltimore. The design on each Is tho s.iine, with the exception, of the value. The obverse has Lord Baltimore's bust, with the words, "f'aeelllus: l)ns: Ter-race-Marlae, &c." On the reverse tho Baltlmoie arms, "f'rcsclte: et: Multlpll camlnl." There Is n trial in copper of a dlo for a sixpence, of which the only other known specimen Is In the British nni.se um. Theie arc also St. Patrick pence and tmlfpeno , ('iiiollna nipper halfpennies, K9I, with elephant on obverse, reverse, "God preserve Carolina anil tho lorU proprietors;" Virginia penny and half pennies, 1773, and pewter ,1-imea II "Plan tation" halfpennies; proof Kentucky half penny In sliver. The lloi;i Americana series Ik well rep resented by the half pinnies, pennies nnd twopence; pollem twoponce, 171M, one of three known spcct-nfns; p-oof In steel of the obverre of the pollem twopence, 1733, only six specimens known, and electro types of the pollem twopence, 1733, In bronzed and plain copper and silver. There are two unique vailetles of tho countcr niaiked ilollur for C'j inula of 17fl.", and manv rnro pattern' and proofs for that Domiivon rtruek under Queen Victoria. The collection also contains many of the 1 earlier pattirns' for the pie of Man. ei I Is rich In coinages of the But India com- ' puny for India and tho lCist. especially those struck In the native style prior to li?. ;iim1 t!,i Initial 1 1 , i ' - tor ii"'ii bay. The Issues of the llonn Kong mint and tho various coinage for the African continent aro also fully represented Tho strongest feature, perhaps, Is found tn the pierced, countermarked and cut Spanish dollars for the West Indies, numbering some f.o pieces, as uell as In specimens of Portuguese half-dollars, plugged nnd eountermnrked for these Islands, which form the most complete collection of these coins yet got together tmi: nitnAM-siiii. (Miriam S Clark In July St. Nicholas.) A sweet little hhlp stole up from tho South With a cargo of baby dreams; Of dolls and kittens nnd warm little mittens, And rose-colored peppermlnt-creanis; A wee wind wafted It on Its way, And It sailed along, at tho end of day, Down tho sleepy streets where the lights were lit, To leave each child some wonderful bit "Oh, hush, little child, If you want dream, You must close your cyus ith, yes1 For tho dreum-shlp carries a Klft for you More lovely than you could guess; Perhaps a moon will shine nil day, Perhaps a gown of color gay, Or a queor llttlo fish In u silver dish Sail away, little boat, ami awavl" If your business opportunity Is ono thai will "hold water," wiito nn ad aJiout It that will hold the Interest ijt t. "cold-blooded man." IN THE WORLD OF SCIENCE. uch-AlMiscil American -liMlillttntnl Tlp wirc-lr" Telephone. (bVoin th Now york Evening Post.) Tho bntiefulncBs of pi" '"is long been considered - ., .i,1,.f .iii, of dietetics. H holds In popular discs uc.ni u cnicr place .uin'iK thn malef icent deltle.s t,r ,uin ii-tiw 'ri, UR )fL j'e... reputation of lr, HoIiihb's "boggy bun," il n is, ; lxjtte-r- first, necausn it Mcloustiess ) ,10t (Drained under n Pleasing and vim .viHnr nn. ondly, by reason of the peculiarly np pealing o!alabler,e3 0f almost nny well duvlsod plu. The dyspeptic character of tho boggy bun 'B writ largo all over It. It has a pale and sickly look, a heavy leaden cast of countenance. Its appear ance IS SO fnrM.1.11.... .1,.,, thn A, I'll IIIIS) UIV nn ..UII.V.IIU of tho Breakfast Table ua led to make. us consumption the final test of youth. "In order to know .i,Hirr a hn mnn tin. ing Is young or old," Im wroto, "offer It iouu oi iniiurtnt kinds nt short inter vals. Offer a Bulky and boggy bun Just ten minutes befnm ,ii.- If this la Ily accepted and devoured, tho fact of jouwi is established. If tho subject of tho question StnrlM tinrk nnd nlrnrAosa suprLse and Incredulity, as if you could ii"! ii.-sioiy no in earnest, tfio fact of maturity l3 no loss clear." With II far Wnru., ntntlnn H,n r.y buns, pto has, becnuso of It.s allure ments, always ben widely consumed, by old and young alike. Ucsplto tho dletet Iclans, It has beeumn tl.e national dlsli. Tho Yankee's pP H mnfldered ns char acteristic by the cartoonists as tho C-erman's beer, or Johr, Bulls stout, or the Frenchman's vln ordinaire. In these circumstances, the discovery that Amer ican pie has ftn- n malicious libel Is an event of nation al importance. The facts are nnnounced editorially by no less an authority than a well-known meill Just ridicule" heaped upon this "palat- aoio arm nutritious staple, requiring only proper mastication and Insallva tlon to Insure lack of discomfort after Its Ingestion," Is entltilv unwarranted, wn are told. This. r ,.,,ns,. U ,.., i,t of tclentlflc proof In the laboratory' Probably Professor Chittenden or other loon experts li;n0 nlrcidy carried out tile necessary l'eeillnu- trtn. ntthn.rl, nr. mention of them is, made in tho an nouncement. The folks from Missouri will nsk for the proofs There can he no doubt, however, that thise will be forth coming when needed. Tlere aro no "ifs" or "but.s" In the journal's statement, so that thn dietetic rehabilitation of plo may be accepted as a reality. ihls announcement should bring glad ness to the hearts of Ihousnnds of ex-ple-eaters, whose uniilmi gastric vltnlitv has led to the mistaken ostracism of pie; It should crente a booir In pies, to the meat iHivontngo of the bakers, and It should silence the Kuropean critics of our national dlsh-ohv.ously a notable tilo of results for one small discovery to achieve. BTHHn-TLLEPHONK PHOBLKMS. In attempting to estimate the urnbubln meaning of the current epidemic of "practical" wireless telephones It Is per haps well to bear In mind the fnct thut nnai solutions" of this very attractive problem have been apneailnc In tin, news with great regularltv for the nnt six or seven years. As far back as IWi a commercial system of telephoning without wires was widely heralded in the press, and sinco thon dozens of ethers have enjoyed brief news honor on tlTe front page. Not long ago a com mercial wlrelesj) telephone was Installed on some American naval vessels. At first sight this seemed like a good certificate of practicality. But It was not long be- iore tne announcement appeared that the appnratus had boon dlscnrdnd. Tim conclusion that it wasn't considered worth evon an effort to tinker It Into usable form may not ho justified, but PEASE'S HI Your Gradua tion Suit AVhtMi ynti stand tip to roi'civc your srrrt dil ution honors, tho know ledge tluit your clothes not only fit you well, but are particularly adapted to the occa sion, and to your per sonality, will add a Trent deal to your com fortable feelings. Whether you have paid us $10, $ $15 or $'155, you are assured that tho style of your suit is beyond criticism ; the fit beyond reproach; the quality beyond questi"!) and the value beyond comparison. UnlesR we arc sure to punrnntce the Orad uatiiifT Classes all these distinct specifications, wc do not le the jri'fid ntinr; youn; man tal;e u suit from this store, It will be -rreatly to your interest to see our o fieri u Ts for Spring and Sumnier Suits and special Commencement Suits, Koeeivcd to-day, new lines of Neirliu'ee Shirts to fill the voids made by the furious sellimr hero last week. ttkih-l ft 4fd Is certainly Bugsosled by tho clrcum stances. Of course, tt does not follow from these failures thut a practical system of wire less, or, us tho experts perfer to call It, radio-telephony, will not be forth corning In the neur future. Indeed, ono of the current announcements may re. cord tho first success. But what past failures do Justify Is a Mbsourl-llko slioptlclsm that Insists on being shown. Laboratory demonstrations nt this, ns of most other practical applications of science, are chiefly suggestive as to pes slblo commercial applications. Then; ap pears to bo no doubt that oxperlineril.il distances of several hundred miles have been attained by more than one of the present radlo-tolophono systems. Hut what the man In the street will wait for beforo Investing his money In radio-tele-phone stock-he will, that Is, It reason able caution Is In hlm-ls a public Instal lation soliciting commercial business. IITIIKU-TKLCnitAPIIV MUCH KASIKIt. When wireless telegraphy became a practical reality, It was naturally assum ed by the laity that telephony would In due course be unwlrcd. But the Inven tors found a lot of now difficulties to 1, overcome, and though the wireless tcle- grapnie experience helped them, It fur nished little more than a foundation for tho new work. It was a much easier problem to transmit through tho ether the fuw arbitrary signs of the telegraph ic codes than to carry tho extremely complex variations of articulate speech. In the first place, the frequency of tho electrical discharges used at the trans mitting station of the wlrolesa telegraph bad to be greatly Increased and rendered as uniform as possible. When a dynamo Is used as generator this Involves con siderable mechanical difficulty. Prof. 11. A. Kcssenden has, apparently,' solved this difficulty for generators of consider able size. In the Poulaen and Hubrner systems the mechanical dynamo prob lems nre avoided by producing the os. dilations In a specially arranged arc, but this apparatus Introduces a new set of difficulties. It may be said Incidental ly that tho new oscillation producing arc described recently by a British In ventor, K. L. Chaffee, seems to have done something toward Improving this device. Some Idea of Its natural defects mav be gathered from tho following statement by Mr. Chaffee regarding the advantages of bis copper-aluminum arc: J tie re-markalilo constancy nnd regu larity as a generator of continuous os cillations has been proved to be of great value for the wireless transmission of articulate speech." The new arc, though of very limited power, produces oscilla tions of a frequency running into the millions. POW1JU AND DELICACY. Another reason for the need of hlsh frequency lu those radlo-telephonlc im pulse's is the fact that larger amounts or energy can thus be transmitted with comparatively nmall amounts of elec tricity. In the wired telephone the cur tent used is extremely small, and tho Instruments can, without trouble, be made sensitive, and hence more or less delicate. Lint' In the radio-telephone, even with thu high frequencies u.-cd, it has proved a difficult thing to protect the speech-transmitting microphone, when energy necessary to send messages ovur a considerable distance is employ ed. It was to avoid this difficulty that Professor Majorana of Itomu devised his liquid microphone. Poulsen used multiple mlrrophoneh to "divide up' tho strain. Beside the requirement of high fre quency, tho rnillo-teleplionlc oscillations must be "undamped," or practically ?o. The ordinary radlo-telegraphlc emula tions fade away rapidly. Furthermore, some method of translating speech Into variations of these oscillations had to bo devised so accurate and certain that tho varying ether wines could be picked np several hundred miles away and auto maticnlly retranslated into speech. The speaking microphone nt the radlo-telephonlc sending station varies the ampli tude of the electric wares emitted by tho antennae, and at the receiving sta rlon special forms of oscillation or wave directors register these variations. It Is obvious enough from this very super flcial and Incomplete review of the prob lems before the radlo-telephonlst that his tuk hns been a difficult one, nnd that the realization of a commercial form of wireless telephony Involves the solution of many hard problems. The step from radio-telegraphy to radio-telephony Is In reality a long one. DBIKTINC BOTTLKS. The 7,100-mile (nautical) drift of a bot tle thrown Into the sea in 1WW In Intlrnrln 51 degrees 3S minutes south, longitude l"j degrees 13 minutes east, during a voy age from London to Melbourne, recent ly attracted considerable newspaper at tention. The bottle was picked up early last winter (kdl) probably on the east ern coast of Wellington Island, south of 'hill It had been nlloat l.lfo davs. a,i traveled at the rate of six miles per day i nis seems like a pretty good record, but It has been beaten. The late Uovern mcnt astronomer at Svdnev (N. S. w.i reporteil several bottle drifts exceeding S.fOO miles, and one of nearlv 10.(1(0 miles. The scientific Interest In these wamlerln bottles is based mi their supposed indi cation of the s, ced and character of on an currents. But as a mutter of fact. tne information thus obtained Is far from trustworthy. If they lloat high out of water the winds as well us tin, determine their eouiscs, und If low the lowrn of barnacle.s causes them to sink Obviously. this wind erfect lc ! , very Important disturbing factor In us. log bottle-drift records for tracing the nroliable course of disabled vessels. A di relict much of which was out of water would perhaps be affected oven more by winds than the high lloatlmr hot tin. tie. -plte these uncertain factor.- making for inaccuracy. th0 complete charting of a carefully made series of such Homing 'ISIS WOHM probab V furnish Inform;,. Hon of considerable value to shipping. run iiit summit nnrr. Fresh fruit U mm of the lust dessert k to be served In summer. A farmer's wile once said that for her nart she thonubt only a luzv and Indifferent l.ouyoX. , n, r wouia oner berries and apples uncooked to her family and guests when she could just ns well slip fruit Into pnstry and give Ihem pies. A perfect pie with flaky crust and delicious flavor Is not to be despised, but for children nnd older people. who niivo not perfect digestion, fruit, ripo and weet, Is more wholesome than rich paH- iy During the hot season cold desserts are ppreclatcd, and the prudent mother will do well to remember that Vegetables, cereals, fish If It can be had perfectly fresh, nnd above nil, fruit, forms the t iples of ,safo and wholesome diet In the -iininicr- .hhik-wi-i i.. r-.ingster In the chri.-tian Herald. CIIICKIlX. ((From L'vorybo ly's Magazine.) A rouplo of drummers, having a few hours' layover In a small town, decide,) to rtlno at the village hotel. On looking over the bill of fore they noted that oiirin ' fry" was "spnclal" for that meal, so one of them turned to the pretty young waitress and asked: ' I low's the i blckeir" The young ladv blushed, thnn answer ed! "Oh, I'm all rlfht. Uow at you?" WHERE WOMEN DO WORK. llrnvy Tasks Generally Their Share nmoiiB Primitive Peoplr. (From tho Springfield Republican.) Sex In occupation Is not limited to civil ized society. It Is much more common among primitive people. Tho reason for this Is not that tho men believe women aro unable to do tho heavier work for they aro UBually allowed these tasks, but It Is because they think the women mar aud oven delllo tholr work. Among cer tain Indian tribes thoro Is an unwritten law which says women must keep away from everything that belongs to tho men's sphere of action. Most of the African tribes, Bays John Tralnor In tho Chicago Tribune, will not nllow women to como near anything that can contamlnato their animals. Tho Bo- chunnas nre oxtrornuly lazy. They will allow their women to lift the heaviest loads without coming to their rescue. Tho Kaffirs ha.vo such strong feeling In this matter that they will not even allow their women to como Into their kraals for fear of contaminating tho cattle. In tho Marquesas Islands the women do most of tho work, while the men spend their time making canoes. Tho women never touch them, nor aro thoy allowed to ride In them for fear of casting nn evil spell. On the other hand. In Nicaragua the men do most of tho work about the house, while tho women do most of tho tt ruling. They have a reputation for driving far better bargains than tho men do. All tho marketing Is done by the women. If a man even enters a market ho runs tho risk or getting a good heating. In New Caledonia It Is considered unmanly for men to do nny work. They believe that Is woman's natural sphere. The women do tho housework, rare for tho children, raise the crops, build their primitive homes nnd make the household furnishings. The men spend their tlmo lounging and smoking and when they get tired of that they go out for n few weeks' hunt. After they roturn they gorge them selves with feiod, of which the women are not expected to partake until the men have finished. The Samoans are somewhat moro ener getic. They attersl to the farming and hunting, hut leave all other work to the women. However largo the family and however murh they need clothes, a Sa monn would rather see his children suffer from the cold thnn to help his wife do the weaving. It Is considered a degrada tion for a man to engage In any such work. The Ksklmo has decided Ideas as to what work ho shall do and what the women shall do. Ho will hunt, but he will not topch a seal after be Ins brought It Into bis hut. When be lands, his ,ir, ; expecled to be on the shore to carry the catch to the hut. Likewise he will row his own canoe, but lie would not think of touching a umiak, which Is the largo boat used by women. The men of British Oulana ronslder their work limited to hunting and war. They consider the greatest humiliation that any man can suffer Is to help his wife with her work. The story Is told that on one occasion theru was a short age of bread. The men had to help the women bake; but they were only forced to this when starvation stared them In tho face, and those who consented were ever after called old women. The Motus believe that If they see the women while starting out to hunt or fish their work Is suro to result In failure. In some South American tribes the men believe that If the women even look on their weapons thoy lose their strength. Tho Zulus only allow women who have passed middle age to accompany them to war, for they say they havo become like men. This feeling of sex In occupation Is car ried Into the politlial and religious rights The Austrian tribes and Fljlans drlvo their women away and beat them If thev see thm near any of their public demon strations. In the Marquesas Island.- the polltlea' and religious meetings are held on whnt is known as hoolah-hiii'lah iiro'ind, and the women nre never allowed near them. On the other hand, itiey let their women carry the logs and water and toil from morning until night without over offering them any assistance. This shows that the division of labor Is not based on tho idea that the heavier work naturally be longs to man, for In most primitive land.s these tasks are mualy handed over to thu women. TAFT, THE FAN. Ily Charles W. Murphy. President Chl rnjro Cubs. Baseball Is the ono great game. Bvery year but adds to Its popularity. Base ball Is popular because It Is an Interest ing game, fair and squaie In every de tail. And because It is a clean cut sport It has made- numbers of powerful friends, among them tho chief executive of the nation, President Taft. It has been only a short time since President Taft, while visiting Pittsburg, exprcsvid . desire to see the Pirates and Cubs on the battlefield A box was forthwith draped with national emblems and nil necessary arrangements made to intertaln the President In a manner be corning bis high !osltlon. llut the chief executive, like all true Iomis of base ball, wished to attend this g.mio In his capacity as a private dtli'di and as a supporter of the greatest pastime In file world. It was not Taft. the President, but Taft. tile fan, who wished to see this giinie, and while mindful of the hospitable efforts put forth to intertaln him properly, be sent to the management a message whb h has s.ed to endear him to all other loyal f'ns throughout tho country: "Put me with the rest of the fans." was the simple, straightfor ward request from the chief magistrate of the nation. Ills wish w.is granted, nnd those who attended that contest were favored by the sight of the na tion's leading cltlren seated without dis play In the crowded grandstand Here he showed his dcmocratl, spirit by munching peanuts and drinking lemon nde Just like any other I'm out for an afternoon of pleasure and relaxation. He sat In the grandstand with Pres. Arthur Twining lliulley, of ale University, r-ei'retnry ot Stale Phil. nub i C Knox, ami his own brother, Hon Charles P. Taft. M.ilor Archibald Butt who died ' i hero on the Titanic, that women and children might be spared, was also near ibis i href, and also ttioiouKhlJ enjoyed I the game. j i:ery good play was wiitihe'il by tho President, who npplnmlrd with the spirit of a schoolboy. I.Ike other prominent j men who are prominent fans. Urn Pri'sl- oeiu le.nes ills oinciai uil'im; n iiioue when he goes to the bill game'. It thus comes uluiui that the grandstand nnd the bleachers both show an outpouring of genulno enthusiasm without any frills, which is the most beneficial fenture of the national game. Baseball Magazine for July. The Vermont Botanical and Bird clubs will(hold n Joint meeting In Franklin Julv "f and 2tl and will explore the bogs and hiirrouudlnif country. ROOT IS ELECTED TEM'Y CHAIRMAN (Continued from ine U.) "Aro you nfrnld to trust a ruling on th question, who shall voto In tho convex tlon to a rcpref,entatlvo like Itobert M. i-a ronette. wo aro not afraid to trust II there, "Again I appeal to every Taft man who does riot ant to sto his party wrecked tc vote for Governor McCrovern," Mr. Honey was allowed to conclude lr comparative quiet. John J. Sullivan, a Boosevclt detogau from Ohio, followed In endorsing Cover, nor McOovtrn's nomination for tho chair, manshlp. "From tho home State of Wllll.tn It Tntt," ho said, "In behalf of the 3t Uoo Volt delegates, I support Mffio.Mi, Charles H. Carey of Oregon, another Hoosevelt delegate, followed him in en dorsing McOovern. DIXON CLAIMS A VICTORY. "Wo have them whipped." said Sera, tor Dixon, manager of the Looseue' campaign after tho convention haf elected Senator Boot lemporniv ha man. "The vote this afternooi rr."f) It. it demonstrates beyond don . r Impossibility of Tuft's nomination " "It takes 5n votes to nom.nate," in declared. "Mr. Hoot reeeiw 1 for tem porary chairman votes. In ibis voti weto Included seven votes fr'.n I (n. 'i Instructed In the primary for Mr. Ho velt nnd theso delegates have nlreai nnnounced their Intention to carry o . their Instructions." Further nnnlvzlng the vote Semtor Dixon claimed for Hoosevelt vote r s to-dav forSenntor Hoot which are Instp ' ed for Knrisevelt and expressed confde that the credentials committee of .he en ventlon would throw out some of the n tested delegates seated by the nat romrnlttee. "Theso L"J votes deducted from th " votes cast for Mr. Hoot for tempor; chairman leaves only 1.; vote f .r Taft, being four short of a ma torn ." declnred. "Besides these Instnn tt 1 f Hoosevelt delegates from the prlmar, States, there are delegates f om at .e t six other States who votil for Mr Ho .t to-day who nre openly avowed K n t delegate-, and who will vote for h s r. .-lunation. STILL HLLIF.K ON CONTESTS "Tho above figures take no a- rt of the fact that commencing to- row morning we will present tl i rs of the delegates fraudulently s. , i v the national committee fr e 't' fornla, Washington, Arizona Texa j Alabama. Kntuckv, Indiana and thnr States, aggregating upwnrjs of : iVdegotes. to a new court In the shane of i credentials committee, nnd levoni i that tho reports of that credential corr jmlttee must lie finally adopte 1 by the convention Itself." I The action of the Wisconsin deloga I tlon In splitting on the temporary chairmanship was regnrlcd as omin ous by some of th" Hoosevelt leaders. Some of the delegates are said to be considerably aroused because Senator La Follotte urged the delegates to taks no progressive action on the temporary organization. TArT nt'RKAr COCNTICHS. The Taft bureau countjrei on the Hoosevelt men with two statements, one from Director MrKInley and the other from William Barnes. Jr. Mr McKlnley's pronouncement follows in part. "President Taft to-lay demonstrated his absolute control of the natb nal e public an convention. Mr. Hoosevelt i I mitted his own Lieu of strengta by 3e e lining to pla' e beforo the r on vernier .a candidate for temporary ehalrmnn The full limit of the Hoosevelt strergt 'hns now been polled and Mr Jtoosrve t still lacks 70 or more votes of tho no s sary majority." Mr. Uarnes had this to say. "The re sult of the convention to-d.iv Is con clusive proof of two things, first, thv this convention Is In no sense a n -velt convention, and soeondl) . th.i v. n the M'to that was given for v l -Govern does not represent b 1 rg.i number of votes the Hoosevelt s'ri'gi.i In the contention. SAYS TAFT WILL HAVE MOKi! "Mr. Toft's strength In this convert 1-t Is not repi rsi-nted by the vote for ? "i lor Hoot because in my judgment T.ifl's vote will exec ed that given on temior. n r chairman. No republican convention has ever be. n so near violating the spiilt ar.d meaning of repnl hcani-m as bus this, but fortunately the danger s now passeci, and ns the next few cites sucec?ecl ono after the other, the empti ness of the third-term candidal y will become clearly apparent. "1 regret that a few delegates from thd State of New York havo failed to com prehend their patriotic dut and through the lure of passible political advancement have misrepresented the backbone of t..t lepubllcan constituencies which tin; were elected to tepresent." The Taft managers to-night pr:v.cicl admitted that the vote on the question d Senator Hoot a.s temporary chairman was "too close to be c oinfort.iVo ' al though they Insisted they wo ild be able tc maintain control of the convent -n Talk of a bolt as a resu't of tie de elslon to disregard the ni tbi i c n, Jorlty of the convention itnh -s it In composed of unconteste 1 delegates wai mU to be unfounded. VERMONTERS ORGANIZE, t. Chicago, June 17. The t rmunt dele gation organized to-dnv with Senator Curroll S. Page ns chairman. I' D Thompson of Barton as ice-c hnirm ir and J. T. Stearns of Burlington ns secre. tary. For the national ccitiv. i in , (Pn etnor Mead is honorary vice-president fell Vermont, J- L. Sotithwlek of Hur.in-tt.'ii member of the committee on res Uiti, ins, Col. J Citav Kstey of Brattlohoro. mem ber of the committee on e" eeleiUlals. J. L. Lewis of North Tru. roles nnd orders, and W. It Warner of Vergennes, permanent organization. For member o( the national committee for Vermont. .1 L. Lewis was found to have a majorltj of the elelegatlon nnd he was elected nn anlrnotisly. CAl'TIOFS ANDY. An old north-country farmer vltln Iondnn put up nt one of the hotels Ho had bnroly turned In on the first nlghc when the "buttons" rushed Into tho roan and switched on the electric light ex claiming: "Mnko haste, sir! Oct up! The hot' Is on tire !" The old man slowly raised himself o one elbow, and fixing the boy with a de terminer! took, remarked' '.Mind ,e, If I do 1 winna pay for thoa bed'-Tlt-BlU. '