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THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS AND TIMES : THURSDAY, AUOCT3T 1, 1912.
13 EXCISE TUX BILL PASSES SENATE Democratic Measure Carried by the Aid of Republican Pro gressives, 36 to 18. EXTENDS CORPORATION TAX Riders Repeal Canadian Reci- rocity, Lower Duty on Pa per, Establish Tariff Commission. 1 Washington, July 36. Democrats and progressives united ngaln In tho Senate to-night and by a vote of M to 18 passed the democratic excise tax bill, extending the present tax on corporations to the business of individuals, prlvato firms una co-iKirtncrshlps. Attached to the moas urc, nlso by the aid of republican votes, were amendments for tho repeal of th Canadian reciprocity law and tho fixing of a ?2 per ton tariff on print paper; and for the establishment of a permanent non partisan tariff commission. Tho second day's . victory for tho domocrntlc-progresslvo combination came nfter a debate lacking In Inter est. The passage of tho excise bill bo came certain early In tho day; and the republican leaders offered little opposl tlon to It. Senator Borah. In a fight to have his Incomo tax bill submitted for tho "tax on business," lost by a vote of 33 to 23, although ho mustered to his support many of the regular re publicans, and, four democrats, Ashurst, Culberson, Hitchcock and Martlne. PROGRESSIVES WHO AIDED. On tho passage of tho oxclsc bill the democrats wore supported by the fol lowing progressives and insurgont re publicans: Bourne, Brlstow, Clapp, Crawford, Cummins, Gronna, Jones, Kenyon, La Follette, Nolson, Polndex tor, Townsend nnd Works. Tho measuro was changed from the original Houso bill only In minor parti culars, except for the addition of the Canadian reciprocity repeal and the permanent tnrrff commission provision. Tho excise measuro would levy upon n.11 persons, firms or co-partnerships an annual tax equal to one per cent, of net incorao in excess of ?5,000. Senator CumminB' permanent tariff board amendment, which was carried onco yesterday In tho wool fight and then lost In the final upheaval when the La Follette bill passed, was attached to the excise bill by a vote of 33 to 29. FIGHT ON RECIPROCITY. Tho chief fight, asldo from that center ing about Senator Borah's Income tax measure, came upon the Canadian reciprocity amendment, offered by Sena tor Qronna of North Dakota. Tho amend ment adopted by the Senate, 37 to 26, pro vides for tho oomplete repeal of the reciprocity law and for tho establishment of a rate of 2 per ton on print papor imported from Canada, In place of the tpresont duty of 13.75. Tho portion of the reciprocity law new in effect, which admits paper free from Canadian provinces which do not discrimi nate against the United States, was de fended by Senators Williams, Bacon, Smith of Gorgia nnd other democrats. Senator Bacon finally offered an amend ment to repeal all of the reciprocity law except the freo paper section. It was de feated, 37 to 27, Brlstow, Clapp, Poindexter and Works being tho only progressives who voted for it. The Gronna amendment was then adopted. ORGANIZATIONS EXCEPTED. The Senate made a change In the exclso bill so that the tax would not npply to labor organizations, agricul tural associations or fraternal organ izations of an Insurance character. This amendment was offered by Sen ator Fletcher. Tho third of the democratic tariff moosurcs, tho sugar bill, will come up to-morrow, under the agreement In the Senate. It Is believed to-night that thn combination of democrats and pro gressives will bo continued throughout the third day of the tariff program so that a sweeping reduction In the sugar tariff will have been approved by the Senato beforo the end of to-morrow's cession, 'KID' M'COY IN BAD COMPANY Former American Pugilist Charged with Ilohlilnjt Itimctan l'rlnce at Ostend, Ungliind. London, July 26. "Kid" McCoy, tho American boxer, was arrested to-day on a provisional cxtradltlonal warrant and brought up at Bow street police court on a charge of larceny alleged to havo been committed at Ostend. Tho magls trutc, Mr. Rutz, remanded him without ball. McCoy Informed the magistrate that ho was entirely Ignorant of the chargn against him, but1 Do Rutzen refused to grant ball until he had heard the parti culars of tho charge which havo not yet arrived hero. Acrordlng to tho Scotland yard author! ties McCoy Is suspected of being Implicat ed In a jewel robbery at tho Grand Pal nco Hotel, Ostend. They admit, howovor, that tho only evidence they havo against him thus far Is that McCoy hns been In the company of suspects, McCoy's frlonds declare that ho left Ostend before the rob bery was committed. Tho Scotland Yard officials say that the person rohhod at Ostend was a Russian princess, who was staying at the Grand Palace Hotel. Their story Is that the princess, who possessed jewelry worth $280,000, was followed from Russia by a gang of hieves who engaged n adjoining room ana enter ed her apartments during her absence. They secured a case containing Jewels valued at 180,000 but In their hurry overlooked a larger caao. The only largo robbery reported from Ostend recently was that of the Princess of Thurn and Taxis who, It was stated, had -jewels valued at $80,000 stolen from her In a hotel there. The princess was a Miss Nlcholls of Unlontown, Pa. She was divorced In Pittsburg In 190C from General Oornld Fitzgerald of Ireland and alst No vember at the home of her mother In Unlontown married Prince Victor of I Thurn and Taxis, a member of the 'vHunraxlan .branch ot hi famljy, BATGHELDER SHOCKED BY THE BOSSISM Abandonment of Alleged evitable When He Finds Just What "Rule of the People" Means. Bethel, July 26. Wtillaco Batcholdor to- day gave out copies of telegrams between Theodoro Roosevelt and himself explain ing Mr. Batchcldcr's abandonment of thn lormcr president, for whom, ho says, ho has folt more affection than for uny other person on earth except the members of his own lmmedlato family. The telegrams which follow are self-explanatory. "New York, July 20, 1912. "To Wallace Batcholdcr, Bethel, Vt.i "Wo cannot endorse any candidates of either party who will not support Roose velt electors In tho coming election. 1 de pend on you for your support lr this mat ter. (Signed) "THEODORE ROOSEVELT." "Bethel, Vt., July 25, 1912. "To Col. Theodore Roosevelt, Oyster Bay, N. Y.i "Have received telegram purporting to be signed by you, dated at New York, July 2(i, and reading as follows: 'Wo cannot endorse any candidates of either party who will not support Roosevelt electors lr tho coming election. I depend on your support In this matter.' Did you send any such tclogtam or authorize Its being sent? ricaee wire reply, my expense, Bethel, Vt. (Signed) "WALLACE BATCHELDER." "Oyster nay, N. Y., July 25, 1912. "To Wallace Batchelder, Bethel, Vt.: "Telegram Is substantially authentic. It Is what 1 have said In every State. (Signed) "THEODORE ROOSEVELT." "Bethel, Vt., July 26, 1912. "To Col. Theodoro Roosevelt, "Oyster Bay, New York. Pope i'iu.i will suspend nil activities at the Vatican and take a complete rest until September. Bangor, Me., agricultural experts de clare that tho recent rain was worth J', 000,000 to potato growers. All the United States marines have been withdrawn from Cuba except a small force at Guantanamo. United States Senator Knute Nelson of Minnesota announces himself u candi date for re-election. Marquis Louis de Montebell was struck and killed by lightning under a tree near Mb residence at McrelUe, France. The Erie railroad has abolished the sale of liquor on Its trains In Pennsylvania and Now Jersey. At Hampton, Va., Mrs. Booker T. Washington was elected president of the National Association of Colored Women. Dr. Franklin B. Fyer of Cincinnati has been elected superintendent of schools of Boston at a salary of $10,000. The telephone gtrls' union of Boston, two months old, hiis already won extra pay and seven hour shifts for night work without sign of a strike. W. C. Richards has sold a ranch of fio, 000 acres near Vernon, Texas, Including several thousand head of cattle to a syn dicate of Boston men for $1,500,000. Exertion from laughing at a story ho had told brought on an attack of heart disease that killed Robert M. Cunllffe, re tired Philadelphia Iron and metal dealer. The flve-year-old daughter of M. Walch, ranch owner near Sheridan, Wyo., was caught In , hailstorm and so badly bruised by hailstones that she died. England has no quarrel with anyone and has no wish for further expansion, Premier Asqulth declared In a pacific speech in the Houso of Commons. Surgeons, aided by X-ray and strong forceps, removed the false teeth which Mrs. Cnrrla Smith of Lynn, Mass., sywallowed, tho operation saving the woman's life. Phlladnlnbln. Miff rfurlnts are onnosed to the abolition of the cafe free lunch, saying It saves them many hours tnat would otherwise bo employed In cook ing amners or suppers. Former Mayor Eugene F. Schmltz of San Francisco nnd his chief coun sel In tho graft prosecution, Frank C. Drew, havo collaborated on an opera of '49, entitle! "Poverty Flat." Tho fyst wife of William O. Brown nf Vrtrnnn V .T nnnnnral nftpr Jin absence of IS years, found Brown marnoa to another woman and naa him nrrcsted for bigamy. M. O. Rothschild, president of a Yonkers Security company, paid $50, 200 for the Columbia Inn and several aijolnlng lots because he wanted a swing which Is on tho property for his small daughter. Ixindnn says that English, Gorman and French labor lenders arc negoti ating to check tho European race for naval supremacy through a working man's movement, which will resort to general strikes If necessary. Tho Will of Thnmno V Phllllnn. New Coalel, Pa., banker, whose estate amounts 10 m,vw,vm, leaves bequests to several Churches and rellfflmm nrlrt1pii on condi tion that the beneficiaries do not accept money from John D. Rockefeller or from any funds established by him. At Chicago, John C. Hartzell was oon vlcted of stealing a golden amulet which at one time belonged to King Moncs, ruler of Egypt 6,300 years ago. from the HasKell Oriental Museum of the Uni verslty of Chicago. Fingerprint evidence brought about the verdict. The revolution in Barto Domingo Is ser lously affecting business of Now York bankers and merchant engaged In Domlnloan finance and trade. Tho refusal Of Royal. Bank of Canada to lend 11,000.. 000 to tho Dominican government Is prov ing sorlouB f llnanclal condition of roDUblta, I NEWS TOLD IN BRIEF OF ROOSEVELT Progressive Chief In "Your telegram received. I am shock ed. For more than four months, I, who am a poor man with a wlfo and two lit tle boys to support, have worked literally night and day, without fear, favor or hope of reward, for tho progressive cause and have believed that you. wcro that cause personified. I have neglectcir my business, earned no money and am many dollars poorer than I was that evening last March, when I dined with you at Oyster Bay, after being summoned thcro by you. I supposed that I was fighting for the real rulo of tho people and against bosses and bosslsm. "Your telegram received this morning stating that the telegram of July 20th, purporting to be signed by you, is sub stantially authentic, makes It plain that you direct me, nnd men In every State, that we must not vote for nny candidate for nny office, no matter how honest, able, efficient or progressive ho may bo, unless that candidate wljl agreo to pay for our votes by supporting Theodore Roosevelt for president of tho United States again, by 'supporting Roosevelt electors,' "I was a member of your regiment In IMS. Kor 14 years I have felt more af fection for you than for any other person on enrth except the members of my own Immediate family. "It Is a terrible wrench, colonel, but I cannot fool myself, and I must bo straightforward nnd frank with you, ng you know I always have been. "With grief, tho depth of which you cannot know, I have decided, after one of the hardest fights I have over been forced to put up, that I cannot longer support you for president of tho United States. (Signed) "WALLACE BATCHELDER." There are G.Ortl inmates In tho various prisons of New York State. Latt year the total was 5,393. Seven thousand New England farmers are said to be uniting to raise the price of milk to 10 cents per quart. Mrs. Martha Chamberlain Valentine forfeits a fortune of $250,000 loft by her husband, Edward V. Valentine, by becoming tho bride of AValter S. Mc Neill, dean of Richmond Collage law faculty. The population of England and Wales at the last census was 36.070,492. Statistics of relative morality, sobriety, health and sanity of the sexes show that while wom en are more moral than men, they are not as sane and as sober. E. H. Adams, secretary of the Cleve land Hardware company, admits the charge of the Cleveland Federation of Labor that several hundred women are doing the work of men, and alongside of men in Cleveland foundries, lightly clad. Adams sees no objection to the plan. The New York Central bai awarded the contract for tho erection of the new Hotel niltmore to the George A. Fuller com pany. The hotel will be an Integral part ot the new Grand Central terminal. It will be 20 stories high, contain 1,000 rooms and will cost $5,500,000. It will be com pleted by October 1, 1918. Miss Helen Gould, In a letter taking exceptions to a sermon recently do llverod by a Colorado clergyman, In which was advocated "tho exile of old maids to a barren Island as waste humanity," says "If I had found a suit able helpmate I might have spent my money In a different way, and a way which might not have done as much good as It does now." The Southern Now England railroad route of the Grand Trunk extension through New Hampshire has not been determined. Before the road can cross the Stato it must have the consent of New Hampshire. Should such consent bo withheld, the route would be down Connecticut river on the Vermont side, using the present New London North ern line to Northfleld nnd thence to Boston. A London cable says: Our markets ere considerably porturbpd over tho general fall In government securities throughout Europe. The principal causes are of course tho Increased armamonts and tho genoral war ex travagance which are steadily Increas Ing taxation and discontent Still efforts of tho jingo press to crente a wnr scare aro attracting virtually no popular response. A Chicago despatch to the New Yortt Amerlcnn declares thnt at one time J. P. Morgan had almost persuaded Marshall Flold In the last years of his life to sell that firm to tho "Gen eral Investor," but Field's partners finally dissuaded him. Later on Gold man Sachs opened negotiations with tho Field cstnte to do what Mr. Mor gan had proposed, but again tho part ners were stronger than tho promoter. The New York Herald quote n high au thority on nnvol affairs on America's na val situation as follows: "Germany will havo In 1920, 2T. all blg-gun ships and 14 big gun battle cruisers, a total of 39 dread noughts, all completed since 1908. The United States has built, Us hulldlng or au thorized only 10 vessels of ago and type required to meet Gorman ships In tho first line of battle. In order to meet Germany's strength we must construct or authorize 2? additional battleships hv .Tniv i ion seven battleships n year. The study of social and economlo posl tlon of workmen In Germany compared with that of workmen In Great Britain, France, Belgium, and the United States has Just been published by a young eco nomlst, Dr. Carl von Tyszka. According to this writer the standard of wages In Europe Is much lower than that in Amer. lea, whilst In Europe the highest wages are pain ny Hrltiun and tho lowest by Bel glum. The British workman earns on ni average 25 per cent, more than tho Ger man nnd 30 per cent, moro than tho French workman. Prices of necessaries of llfo Is 17 per cent, higher on an nvrrago In Ger many than In Britain, nnd 18 per cent higher In franco nnd 21 per cent lilghei , in td Ti thfia-iivfidJfjlBt MINORITY STEEL REPORT NOW OUT It Favors Legalization and Regu lation of Trusts instead of Their Dissolution. RECOMMENDS U.S. CHARTERS Would Require Recapitalization of Corporations at Actual Value if Now $50,000 000 or More. Washington, July 23. A recommenda tion favoring the legalization and regu lation of big Industrial concerns, Instead of their dissolution. Is to bo submitted to the House In n report by three repub lican members of tho steel Investigating committee. The report was rlncd by Representatives Gardner of Massachu setts, Young of Michigan and Danforth of New York. Representative Young sub mltted an additional statement, nnd Rep resentative Sterling of Illinois, who be lieves In dissolving the big combinations, will submit a scpnrnte report. The report ndvocates the creation of an Interstate commission of Industry t bo clothed with extensive poweis ot regula tion, nnd with power to fix rmsonntila prices for tho output of corporations. Tho report would require that nil cor porations capitalized at jDO.Of'O.ocO or moro operate under a charter lo be Issued by tho United States, before engaging In Interstate commerce. Smaller corporations might avnll themselves of the federal charter at their own option. All corporations availing themselves of the United States charter would bo can ltnllzcd at their actual value. Tho report commends the work of the bureau of corporations, It nlso approves the so- called Brandels bill which would transfer the burden of proof to defendant cor porations to show that they arc In "ren sonable" restraint of trade. It approves tlie measures calculated to prevent in tcrlocklng directorates and of tho demo cratlc members' legislative program, tho republicans say; APPROVE HILLS DRAFTED. "The principles contained In thn hills drafted by the majority are distinctly worthy of commendation, and we give them our approval. Hut If the nollcv of dissolution favored by the majority Is 10 oe pursued, much additional legisla tion Is required before proper dissolution can bo obtained. This legislation the ma jorlty has scarcely outlined." The republican membcis make It nlaln that the report Is not an expression of re publican policy or dictated bv tho renub- llcan administration. Insisting that the committee members stand on their own ciotiotn in enunciating their views. The report docs not spare the steel trust or Its organizers. J. P. Morgan A Co. are credited with a profit of $t!2,.Vl,ijO for underwriting the organization of the United States Steel corporation. Labor conditions In the steel mills are declared to be bad and a suggestion Is made to the corporation to Improve them by working mm nanus In eight Instead of 12-hour shifts. The report thus summarizes Its find ings: "Tho corporation was capitalized at $1.- 400,000.000. of which ,nearly one-half was water. "The average annual earnings of tho corporation havo been from 11 to 12 per cent, on the actual value of Its assets. UNDERSTANDING AS TO PRICES. "The corporation controls a litttle over ono-half tho crude and finished steel business of tho United States. "Tho average wholesulo price of steel products has fallen off slnco tho corporation was organize! "Tho corporation and all the Inde pendents havo an understanding as to prices. "The system of Interlocking direc torates has Insidious consequences nnd facilities 'lnsldo management' ani the stifling of competition. "The situation ns to Iron-oro supply Is grave nnd may becomo mennclng. "Labor conditions In certain depart ments of the steel Industry aro bad." Many recommendations nro summlt- toi although no bills have been pre pared. The working out of the plan contemplated Is left to tho future. The minority epitomizes Its recommenda tions as follows: All corporations exceeding $."0,000,000 In capitalization or valuation must becomo United States corporations leforo enter ing Interstate commerce. For smaller corporations, United States charters are voluntary. All United Stntcs- corporations must bo recapitalized nt their actual value. An lntcrstato- commission of Industry, like the Interstate commerco commission, to bo established. Publicity to be provided for. COMMISSION TO FIX PRICE. 'When the price fixed by n United Stntcs corporation has been found to bo unreasonable, tho Interstate commission of Industry must publicly declare thnt fact und recommend a rensonablo prlco. 'Interlocking directorates and 'holding' companies forbidden except when per mitted by Interstate commission of In dustry. 'If foregoing recommendations snail prove Insufficient to meet the trust prob Icm, the Interstate commlf-slon of Indus try ought to be given a carefully guard ed power to decree maximum prices when necessary. "Industrial corporations not to own car riers. " 'Unreasonable restraint of trade' de fined and burden of proof of 'reasonable ness' transferred to (he defendant. "Individuals and States to havo tho opportunity to Intervene In government suits. "Extensive powers nnd Instructions for courts when combinations are adjudged Illegal. "Recommendation to tho United States Steel corporation That In the blast fur naces and rolling mills three Bhlfts of men, working eight hours each, ought to take the place of two shifts of men working 12 hours eacn. The rcnubllcans tnke up tho majority report and criticise It In detail. In dis puting tho findings of fact, tho minority report says: TRUST PIOTUnW OVERDRAWN, "lly singling out unusual Incidents nnd unusual evidences, selecting ususunl years, ususiial prices, and unusual prnc JJctta ft lawlrJ uf comjjarloou, tlio ma DETROIT ALDERMEN ARRESTED Honest Tom, " President of the Council, and Seven Others Charged with Graft Trap Set by Detective Burns. Detroit, July 2C. Eight aldermen and tho secretary of tho common council committees were placed under arrest this afternoon on charges of accepting bribes and conspiracy to accept a bribe for their votes and Influence In tho passing of a measure affecting city property recently transferred to tho Wabash railroad. At least six othor arrests of aldermen aro expected nt any moment and It Is nl Icged that $3,700 passed hands In sums of from $100 to $1,000. Tho bribery was consummated nnd tho arrests accomplish ed under the pcisonal supervision of De tective Wm. J. Bums. The oltlclnls already arrested are: Thomas Gllnan, president of tho council, who Is alleged to havo received $1,000; E. R. Chrelter, Jr., secretary of council com mittees nnd nlso secretary of the Amer ican Leaguo of Municipalities, who Is charged with conspiracy to brlbo and agreeing to accept $500; Alderman Joseph L. Thelson, said to havo accepted $500; Alderman Martin J. Ostrowskl, alleged to havo received $2ii0; Alderman Patrick O'Brien, conspiracy; Alderman Louis Tossy, said to havo received $200; Alder man Frank J. Mason, Alderman Louis Brozo nnd Alderman Dclmel, tho last three helng charged with accepting $100 each. Aldermnn Gllnnn has Ion.? been known In city politics as "Honest Tom." When arrested this afternoon It Is said ho turn ed over $I,C0O nnd made n complete con fession. Chrelter, who It Is claimed by the authorities engineered the affair, was Jorlty has created an overdrawn picture portraying diabolical Ingenuity and sinis ter malevolence as tho characteristics of the United States Steel corporation ofll clals." Tho report of Herbert Knox Smith, commissioner of corporations, Is endorsed by the minority for the most part. Thoy agree with him that of the Jl.iO'l.OOO.O'iO of capital of tho steel corporation in April, 1901, $Gn,000,0"iO or $700,000,no was water. They -il.-o agree that for the decado from 1!n to 1910 the trust's earnings averaged from 11 to 12 per cent.. The minority fur ther finds thnt the steel corporation has generally llxed prices nnd Independents have "followed." Tho Gary dinners are said to he "the gastronomic shadow of the price understandings rather than their substance.' " "The system of Interlocking direc torates has Insidious disadvantages which no man can gauge," says the report. "We doubt the wisdom of their absolute prohibition, unless regulation shall fall to abate their evil." REGARDING LAROR SITUATION. The report devotes tho following paragraph to tho labor situation In steel trust plnnts: "Tho labor situation In certain man ufacturing departments of tho steel Industry hns nlways been bad, nnd to day Is bad. As a rule, In tho plants of tho corporation conditions aro bet ter thnn In the plants of the Inde pendents. In the rolling mills and blast furnaces, men ofton havo been required to work, or at all events re main on more or less exacting duty, for 12 hours a day for sevon days In the week. Incredible as It may seem, the fact Is Indisputable. It Is true that a blast furnace must be kept going night and day. If It Is ex tinguished It Is ruined. We believe that the corporation Is substantially Improving this situation; but we can not forbear from uttering tho sugges tion that three shifts of eight hours each ought to take tho place of two shifts of 12 hours ench." Mr. Gardner and his colleagues refrain from Injecting u political dispute Into the report and passed over the merger of Tennessee Coal and Iron by United Stntcs Steel by saying that it hns no bearing on tho subject. The rcpoit disputes the ussumptlnn that the true remedy lies In the dissolution of the Industrial corporations and say the majority has failed to recommend adequate legislation to effect a cure by this method. 'Of tho legislation proposed by tha majority we havu little, unfavorable criticism to make other than of Its Inadequacy to meet the situation," says tho report. FAVORS FEDERAL CONTROL. In discussing Its program of construc tive legislation the minority offers tho following: "We recommend that all corporations or combinations equaling In valuation or In capitalization the amount of JoO.OOO.oOO, or such other sum ns may be determined upon, shall bo compelled to acquire a United Stntes charter before engaging In Interstate commerce. We recommend thnt voluntary fedrnl Incorporation shall be provided for lesser organizations. The day has gone by when nny niceties of historical policy should be permitted to blind us to the economic obliteration of State lines. "We recommend the establishment of an interstate commission of Industry, which shall have control over all cor porations operating under a United States charter. This control shall bo sim ilar to that which Is exercised by the Interstate commerce commission over tho railroad companies and shall Insure tho requisite publicity. "Whenever tho prlco charged by a Unit ed Slates corporation for one of Its prod ucts shall have been found to be unrea sonable by some competent authority to bo determined hereafter, wo recommend that It shall bo the duty of tho lntcrstato commission of Industry to make publio declaration of the fact and to recommend a pi Ice In lieu of that found unreasonable, TRUSTS SHOULD RECAPITALIZE. "We recommend that nil corporations when they acquire a United States char ter shall be required to recapitalize at an amount not to txcoed tho true value of their nsscts. In tho valuation of their assets, we recommend that nothing bo reckoned for so-called "monopoly" value, or value which arises merely from their exclusive, majority or substantial con trol of tho Industry In which the, ro engaged, "We recommend that Interlocking directorates In Unite! Stntcs corpora tions shall be forbidden except when licensed by (he interstate commission of Industry. "Wo rocommond that so-called 'hold ing' companies shall bo forblJJen ex copt when llcenso.1 for temporary pur poses of reorganization by tho inter state commission of Industry. "Should tho powers which wo sug gest provo Insufficient to onnblo tho Intorstnto commission of industry to exercise a salutnry control over Unltod States corporations, wo recommcii.l that further legislation bo enacted be stowing on tho commission a careful ly Kuui'dud yowur tu Ux a uiaxluiuiu arrested In his ofllco beforo nny money hnd been paid him, Tho detectives claim that they havo caught their men not only with marked money but by telephonic testimony nnd phonogrnphlc record. Tho Investigation which culminated In tho arrests to-day has been going on slnco February, when rumors of graft In tho councllmntilc body began to assume serious proportions. Soon after tho In vestigation was begun, tho Wabash rail road applied for tho closing of a Detroit street on the grounds that It wanted to erect a warehouse. The application was held up In the council for a time. Then suddenly tho council granted the appli cation by vote of several members, who had previously opposed the measure. Meanwhile the Burns operative, who represented himself to be a land agent for tho Wabash, had entered, according to tho charges, Into negotiations with the secretary of the common council commit tees. Eventually It Wns decided, It was al leged, that several who had been opposing tho streot measure would withdraw their opposition for $100 cuch. Some of tho uldcr mon, however, arc said to have hold out for more. It was then agreed that differ ent amounts would If necessary be allow able and yesterday tho aldermen begin to draw their money. The last person to re ceive hl.s share. It Is declared, was Glln an. It Is sold that ho hnd already lllcd his petitions for nomination for mayor In the fall election. pn'rn In Heu of nny price aJJudged to bo unreasonable." The minority admits thnt tho last recommendation will find disagree ment among both students of politics and economy an J anticipating this, tho report says: ECONOMIC LAWS DISTORTED. "We aro fully alive to tho fact that this recommendation runs counter to the time honored doctrines nf the greatest English-speaking political economists of the past. It even runs counter to much his torical experiences. Nevertheless, wo are nl.so aware that tho great political eco nomists of tho past contemplated no ;ltua tlon such aH now confronts nt. In this 20th century combinations. International in their scope, havo by their Immense preponderance of power distorted the op eration of general economlo laws. "After tho most serious deliberation, with n profound consciousness that this doctrine will offend many a deep student of public affairs, with a sincere hope that .such a step may not prove necessary, nevertheless It Is our belief that wo ought not to shrink from violating our tradi tional policy If experience shall convince us that the trust problem can not other wise be met." Representative H. O. Young of Michigan In signing the report said that he be lieved the Interstate commerce commis sion and the State rallrond commissions are clothed with sufficient power to remedy nil evils growing out of owner ship of common carriers by industrial corporations. "I am not convinced," says Mr. Young, "that the power to fix prices Is necessary to the efficiency of federal control. Should experience, however, demonstrate that I am wrong In this conclusion, I should unhesltntlngly favor the granting of such power." OVERCAPITALIZATION REMEDIED. Mr. Young states that the United States Stoel corporation was overcapitalized but that this had been remedied by the re investment of earnings slnco Its organiza tion. He also finds that tho share of tho through rate received by Steel com pany railroads Is excessive nnd should be remedied by tho lntcrstato commerce commission. He further asserts Jhat the output of the steel corporation relative to the entire output of the country hns decreased since Its organization and Is lower now than In any period In several yoors. The corporation has doubled Its capacity but tho country's output has In creased 160 per cent. Prices of steel nnd Iron havo decreased, Mr. Young says, nnd he attributes to the Steel corporation credit for steadying prices. In discussing the Tennessee Coal nnd Iron merger by the Steel corporation and in tho pnnlc of 19'7 Mr. Young attaches no blame to J. Plerpont Morgan. "There Is not tho slightest evidence that there was any attempt by tho Unit ed States Steel corporation, or J. P. Mor gan it- Co., or anyone else to depress Tenessee Coal, Iron and Railroad com pany stock, In tho market, or to embar rass Its owners, or Mooro & Schley, so as to buy the stook cheap," Mr. Young rays. "On the contrary the evidence shows conclusively thnt all of the busi ness Interests In Now York city were working unselfishly and patriotically to stem tho Udo of the pnnlc and financial disaster that was sweeping over tho country." INSPIRED HY GOOD MOTIVES. Of tho visit of 11. C. Krlclc nnd Judgo Gary to former President Roosovelt, Mr, Young asserts: "Messrs. Frlck nnd Gnry made frank and truthful statements to I'roldent Roosevelt of tho material facts tho case. The steps taken by President Roosevelt In the matter were Inspired by patriotic motives. They gnve tho United States Steel corporation no addi tional rights and granted them no Im munity from civil or criminal prosecu tion, hhou'd It later appear that they had In any way violated tho law." THE CALLER'S ADVICE. "Mary!" Father's voice rolled down tho stairs ami Into the dim and Hllont parlor. "Yes, papa, dear." "Ask thnt young man If ho has the time." A moment of sllenco. "Yes, George has his watch with him." "Then ask him what Is tho time." "He says it Is 11:48, papa." "Then nk him If he doesn't think It about bedtime." "Ho says, papa," the silvery voire an nounced, Impersonally, "ho says that he rarely goes to bed before 1, but It seems to him that It is a matter of personal preferenco merely, nnd thnt If he wcro in your place ho would go now If ho felt steeply!" Public Ledger, WOMAN'S EQUESTRIAN RECORD. Snn Francisco, Jujy 26. Miss Marlon Crocker has established a now eques trian record for women by riding on horseback 102 miles In 14 hours. Miss Crocker lode ono horso C mile's and another 10 miles, IjMiully a very moderate amount of per severunco In want advertising for n Job Ib aulflclcnt. LIVES IN DANGER AT Horses Attached to Hearse Run, Amuck in Cemetery Mourn ers Hurt. TOMBSTONES TOPPLED OYER Casket Thrown on the Grass but Cover Did Not Loosen and Body Is Laid at Rest and Services Concluded. Erie, Pa., July 28, Lives were en dangered this afternoon In the Erin cemetery when horses attached to a hanrso convoying tho body of Otto M. Moyn ran amuck nnd wore not stop pod until they had overturned tho hoarse, knocked down tombrtones, In jured several of tho mourners tin dumped tho enskot containing tho body Into tho grass plot along tho main driveway, Tho mourners had reached tho sk'o of the gravo und tho minister, tho Rev. S. A. Henze, was preparing to road tho last rites for tho dead. Suddenly, without wnmlng, the hoarse driver Jumpod from his scat and tho animals plunged Into the mourners. Two of the men at tho gravo sldo were knock ed down by the flying team. They continued on their way, overturn ing headstones and breaking them as they raced through tho cemetery. As they struck a largo headstone, tho henrso ovorturned and tho casket fell on tho gross near the main driveway. Thn jar did nr loogon tho ooflln top and tho funeral bervlcs wore brought to a con- ( Uu;lon PUBLIC SERVICE HEARINGS. Commission Will I!c In DurlluMnu Tuesday, Antmst O. Newport, July X Publio son-ice com- , mission hearings aro announced as fol lows: July 31 At the Canadian Pacific pas senger station nt Mlsslsquol, 9:00 a. m ; hearing on petition of the Canadian cillc Railway company vs. town of Rich ford ct nl. The petition asks for tho elimi nation of n grade crossing near Mlsslsquol station by the construction of an undor puss. August 1 At Roberts hall In the village of Thetford, 10:30 a. m.; hearing on peti tion of J. Ralph Pierce, manager of tho Falrlee Telephone company, vs. Lako Morcy Telephone nnd Telegraph company. Complaint as to discrimination In furnish ing free telephone to Hoston & Maine rail road at Its station In Falrleo. August 2 At the passenger station of tho St. Johnsbury & Lake Champlaln railroad at Sheldon, 00O a. m.; hearing on petition of the St. J. & L. C. R. R. vs. town of Sheldon, for tho elimination of a grade crossing near Sheldon Junction. August r South Royalton, 2:00 p. m.; bearing on petition of selectmen of Roy alton et al. vs. Central Vermont Railway company et al., for the elimination of grade crossings in the village of South Royalton. August 6 At city court room, Bur lington, 9:00 a, m.; adjourned hearings In re Isham et al vs. Rutland Railroad company and Central Vermont Rail way company; Rutland Railroad com pany vs. Shepard & Morse Lumber company; Rutland Railroad company vs. City of Burlington et al; city of Burlington vs. Rutland Railroad and Contral Vermont Railway companies. At Hotel Vermont, Burlington, l:ffj p. m., adjourned hearing In re Stato vs. Western Telegraph & Telephone company. August 8 At the village hall. In Orleans, 9:00 a. m.; hearing on petition of village of Orleans for amendmont of Its charter. At the office of Grout & Grout, In tho village of Newport, 2:00 p. m.; hearing on petition of Frontier Electric company for permis sion to Increase Its capital stock and Issue mortgage bonds. August 20 At tho Bardwell House, Rutland, 9:00 a. m.; adjourned hearing In re petition of Clarendon Power compnny for permission to Increase Its capital stock and Issue bonds. August 29 At the Junction House, Whl to River Junction. 9:00 a, m.; ad journed hearings In re Bacon ot al vs. Boston & Maine Railroad nnd Central Vermont Railway companies et al, residents of Hartford et al vs. R. & M. R. R. and C. V. Ry. Co. STATE SUMMER SCHOOL. Close at Succomful Session Held nt t'nstletun 23 Attended. The Stato summer school held at Castle ton, which has Just closed was a ucces ful one In every way and ono which. It Is hoped, has laid tho foundation for a moro successful ono tho coming year. If thorn uns ono characteristic especially worthy of note, It was tho earnestness of tho teachers who attended. All showed a de si! o to gain something -vhlch they would bo able to take bnck lo their schools nnd use. This Is Illustrated by tho work In music In which they were taught, not merely fundamental principles, but actu ally learned somo 10 songs, especially ap propriate, for school work, which nch member of tho class will teach her chil dren during the coming year. All tha work, drawing, history, number work and arithmetic, grammar, primary, nature study, pedagogy and rural school work, wha planned so that It would bo useful, that It could bo tnkon by tho teacher to tholr schools nnd used, The nttendnnco was highly satisfactory Thore were 23 teachers In attendance fiom outside Rutland county and moro than 3') different towns were represented, Many cf those who attended expressed their In tention of returning next year The beau, tlful village of Castloton with few outsldo diversions was an Important factor In tho tiiiccess of the school, A picnic to Lakn Uomoseen, a storeoptlcon lecture, and nn entertainment by members of tho school wero pleasant remembrances to the 70 who attended. A, M. Nason, farming near Cauatr, Mo,, was bady crippled with sciatic rheu matism duo ho says to uitc acid In hl'i blood. "Foley Kidney Pills entirely cured me nnd also removed numerous black specks that wore continually befoio my cyo.i." Foley Kidney rills are a uric n U solvent and nro effective for far. vnriona tu-ms of rheumatism, -J W o'H.ill,.xn, ti Church street. EI FUNERAL