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THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS AND TIMES; THURSDAY, AUGUST 1, 1912.
8 The WEEKLY FREE TOES9, 3 cents per copy, 60 cents for six months, $1.00 per yenr, postago paid. Advertisements nnd subscriptions re ceived nt tho offloo, 189 College street. Full advertising rates Bent on nppllca lion. Accounts cannot bo opened for subscrip tions. Subscribers will please remit with order. Names are not entered until pay went Is received, and all papers are stop ped at tho end of tho time paid for. llcmlttance nt tho risk of tho subscriber unless mndo by rcBlstcrod letter, or by check or poettil order pnynblo to tho pub lishers. Tho date when tho subscription expires Is on tho address-label of ench paper, ,tho change of which to a subsequent dato becomes a receipt for remittance. No other receipt Is sent unless requested. Tho receipt of tho paper Is a sufficient receipt for the first subscription. When a chnngo of address Is desired, both tho old and new addresses should bo given. Terms 1.00 n Yenr. In Advance. DAILY by mntl (M-0 n yenr In ndtnnee. HATH IX CANAIJAi DAILY 9-1.00 n yenr In advance. WEBKIiY. . . ,$2.00 n yenr In ndvnnce. rnnn punas association, Publisher, Iliirllngton, Vt. JtrRUNOTOS, TI1UI1SDAY, AUGUST 1. WANTED. When you want anything, ndvortlso In tho new special column of this paper. Some bargains nro offered there this week which it will pay you to read about. Sao page two. This paper has moro than 26,000 readers fevcry week nnl ono cent a word will reach them all. ( BatChclder says ho bolted tho bolter 1 Jbecause Roosevelt sought to be a po litical boss and HntchoUer Is In a po sition to know. The new Emperor of Japan Is de scribed as a thoroughly progressive young man, who has been given a western education; which is another way of saying that he is moro of a Vnnkeo than tho average Yankoo of tho East. In any event ho will bear watching. Tho Emperor of Japan who has Just Bled was a progressive monarch and Bo far as tho world is Informed he was Inclined to peace. Whether tho Hew ruler of Japan will also try to rromoto tho peace of tho world Is a question to which tho nations will nnjclously await an answer. Governor McGovern of Wisconsin, who was favored by the Hull Mooso people for temporary chairman of the republican national convention In place of Senator Root, does not take kindly to the thirl party movement nn.l will tint nttntifl tVi Rnnnnrl fhl- eago convention. The governors do ! not wem to take kindly to bolting. Kentucky Is experimenting with rural night schools. The schools aro to he more than dispensers of knowl edge, as the effort will be to make Uicm not only schools but social cen ters. Vermont should watch this In novation witi somo Interest If Kon Jucfcy can quicken and Improve tho life of her rural districts by thin JncB.no, wo can use it hero. Two tidal wares of radicalism will pweep over tho West In tho near future. Theodore, the irresponsible, will first cut a ftery swathe through tho cynlono countries, and following Theodore will com-, Bryan, tho im putable. It is nut. r.n ugh that a can didate is a rcdlrr.!; It. these deys to please tho ps-niperml palate of pro :resslvsnes8, be mui: i. tho radical. 3"cii colonel con provo beyond a rea sonable doubt thut he Is th; real, original, radical, And s. the pilitlcni 1 uneh an! Judy Know gon on. TUB IXnTITAUIJl (ItnSTlON. When a prominent man .Ht, m the United Ctatee, the Inovltuble question is "How much did he leave?" And in variably the answer Is he left all he had. Occasionally In ficso days, tho public remarks "Ho lied a rich man," but this hB come to be a relative an ' ewer. We aro moved to tliefe thoughts by p. headline In a metropolitan news paper, which In Hppaklng of the late Kdwm llawley, tho railroad magnate, lays: He "left only J5,253,2S7 DS." "Only" has marked significance in this connection. Not many you ago this word would not havo been used In that connection. In its place would 'avo been some word Indrcutlvo of ( 'J.irge proportions. At the present time, In this ngo of Mg things, as millionaires go, Haw loj' did not leave an immense fortune. Tho ubo of tho word "only" in thin particular connection also conveys a lens of disappointment or surprise that tho 'deud railroad magnnto did not Joavo a lnrger fortune, and In this connection wo are given somo hint of what is regarded as large wealth on the part of a groat captain of trans portation. When Hawloy Jlol his fortune was tstlmatol at $60, 000,1100, and tho shrink ing of the figures measuring Tils wealth when It camo to appraisal af fords an excellent illustration of the imall figure cur by a few millions of Jollars, more or loss, after a prlvato iortune'a possessor has become a multi-millionaire. Ho may bo worth 110,000,000 or $110,000,000, and It mat ters very little to himself or tho pub lic: which figures more nearly meas ure his wealth until wo come to the question of tho good his millions may do, but that is unot'aer question. Rutland county farmers soy that the iay crop equnki any out In plx years. .The yield lu said to be particularly good fan ntwly icoded sol) 1 on thq aglaad, Tht Faltt Issutt of tht Campaign Fast Balng Expotad. One of the peculiarities of tho present presidential cam paign is thnt up to the present it has turned on false issues raised within party lines rather than upon national issues as bo tween the two irrcut political parties. That the boss issue nio'lo prominent by tho third term can didate was false has been demonstrated by tho prominence in tho third party of mteh notorious bosses os Hoss Minn of Pitts burg, Uoss Lyon of Toxos, Boss Woodruff of Brooklyn ond others, as well as by tho bolt of Wallace M. Hatcholder because the biggest boss of nil ordered him not to carry out his pledge to support the democratic candidate for tho governorship of Ver mont. That the issue of rule by the people was a false issue was demonstrated by Batchelder's orders from the colonel as well ns the colonel's attempt to defeat with a third party ticket tho will of the republicans of Illinois, who re-nominated Governor Dcticen while he was still supporting Roosevelt for nomination, and Ihe attempt of the third term candidate himself to actually name a candidate for governor in Massachusetts. And now tho whole world is given proof of tho falsity of tho charge that Taft was nominated by delegates stolen from the third term candidate. It is a notorious fact that Roosevelt long tried to juggle the Vermont delegates in his ante-convention tallies. Moreover, it early became plain that the contests raised in many States were avowedly instigated, not for the purpose of really secur ing seats in the convention, not for tho purpose of adducing evidence which would lend any respectable court to entertain the eonlesls. but for the purpose of deceiving the public into the belief that Mr. Roosevell had more votes than lie really hud, and thus influencing the conventions and primaries thnt were in progress for the selection of delegates. For every fair-minded man it would be sufficient to know that of the L'.'iS contests started by Roosevelt Kit were abandoned at the very outset an so frivolous as to not bo worth consider ing by the third term committeemen themselves and that of tho balance the results were largely reached by unanimous vote of the national committee and in some cases on the motion of Roose velt committeemen: and that even with the delegates finally con tested voting for him Roosevelt would have fallen far short of the number of delegates necessary to a nomination. In spite of all these unquestioned and unquestionable facts the third term candidate has persisted in the charge that the national convention was stolen, and the habit has become so fixed that some of his followers claimed at the Bull Moose mass convention of f7 persons in Burlington that the recent Ver mont State republican convention that nominated a State ticket was also stolen. Some men have said that, they did not take any stock in the claim that Taft's nomination depended upon stolen dele gates, but they would like to know about the California and Washington cases. As regards the California ease it may be stated that, Roose velt wanted all the California delegates because a State presi dential preference vote resulted in his favor, although the same equity would hove given Taft all the delegates in Massachusetts, where Taft had n majority on the State preference vote. Hero is what Secretary Ililles's report has to sny about the California ease in detail. "The fourth California presented this question: Under the State law the delegation, two from each district, was elected on a general ticket, in a group of 2G. Each delegate might either express his presidential preference or agree to vote for the presidential candidate receiving the highest number in the State. In the fourth district the two candidates from that district on the Taft ticket expressed a preference for Taft, but did not agree to vote for the can didates having the highest State vote. These Taft delegates in the fourth district received a majority of 200 more than the Roosevelt delegates in that district." The national call forbade any law or tho acceptance of any law which pre vented the election of delegates by congressional districts. "In other words, the call of the national convention was at variance with the State law. The State law sought to enforce the State unit rule, and required the whole 2(i delegates to be voted for all over the State, assigning two to each district on tho ticket to abide the State-wide elec tion, while the republican national convention has insisted upon the unit of the district since 180. That, has been the party law. "Tills convention recognized the party law. and held it to be more binding thon the State law. and allowed the two delegates who had received in the fourth district a vote larger than their two opponents assigned to that district to become delegates in the convention." In Washington tho Roosevelt people tried to hold primar ies after the delegates had been elected and the Taft and La Follette people refused to participate. "The contest in Washington turned on the question whether the Taft. delegates appointed by the county com mitter in King county, in which Seattle is situated, were duly elected to the convention, or whether a primary, which was subsequently held and at which Roosevelt delegates were elected, was properly called, so that its result was legal. Under the law the county committee had the power to decide whether it would select the delegates directly or should call a primary. In some counties of the State one course was pursued and in other counties the other. "In King county a committee consisted of 250 men, the majority of whom were for Taft, and that majority, acting through its executive committee, selected' the Taft delegates to the State convention. Meantime, the city council of Seattle had redistricted the city. It before iiad 250 pre cinct.s. Now, substantially, the same territory was divided up into !!S1 precincts. The chairman of the county commit tee was a Roosevelt man. Ho bad been given authority by general resolution to fill vacancies occurring in the commit tee. A general meeting of the committee had been held after the city council had directed the redisricting of the city, in which it was resolved, the chairman not dissenting, that representatives could not be selected to fill tho Ml new precincts until an election was held in September. 1912. Thereafter, und in spite of this conclusion, the chairman as sumed the right by his appointment to add to the existing committee 1IU precinct committeemen, and with these vot ing in the committee it is claimed that a primary was ord ered. There was so much confusion in the meeting that this is doubtful. "However, the fact is that the Taft men protested against any notion by a committee so constituted, on tho ground that the chairman had no authority to appoint the 1!H new committeemen. They refused to take part in the primary, and so did the La Follette men. The newspapers reported tho number of votes in the primary to be some thing over 3,000. Th Roosevelt committee showed by affi davit the number to be (5,000 out of a usual total republican vote of 75,000. The action of the chairman of the commit too in attempting to add 131 precinct men to the old com mittee was, of course, beyond his power. The resolution authorizing him to fill vacancies of course applied only to those places which became vacant after they had been filled and clearly did not apply to 1H1 new precincts. "It could not in tho nature of things apply to a change from tho old system to a complete new system of precincts created by the city council, because if they were to be filled the entire number of 831 new precincts different from tho old must bo filled, Ono system could not bo made into the other by a mere additional appointment of VII committee men. No lawyer will say that such action by tho committeo thus constituted was legal. Therefore tho action which tho lawful committeo of 250 took in electing Taft dolegates who ma le o majority in the St t o convention was tho only ono which could bo rccogni.cd-Jis valid," mm iiHPimi.it'Aiv county tickigt. Tho republicans of Chittenden coun ty wore norer moro harmonious than m this year of 1012. Only two con tests developed In their county con vention, and In eacn instnnco tho nomination was made unanimous. The convention previous to the se lection of candidates adopted a reso- lutran to tho offoct that no nominee for offlco chosen by It should permit his name to appear on sny other tlo kot, In order to avoli some of tho un pleasant cxporloncos that have re sulted In provlous years from attempts to promote fusion movements through tho placing of part of tho republican candidates upon an opposition ticket. Tho candidates for county office must therefore stand or fall together, and there la every renBon to expect that they will win by tho usual substantial majorities. Tho candidates for tho Scnato aro Judgo Edmund C. Mower of Burling ton, V, K. Blgwood of Wmooskl, who in effoot Is a resident of Greater Bur lington, former Representative E. W. Henry of Undorhlll and J. J. Qumlan of Charlotte. This is the nrst tlmo thnt Chitten den county was over called upon to elect four senators, and tho rcpubll cans havo rlBen to tho occasion by placing In nomination nn unusually strong list of senatorial candidates. They aro nil men of ability and high standing nnd they will servo their county and fitatn faithfully and well. There Is not a weak place on ths wlmlo county ticket. Jlldgo J. H. Mc comber ond Sheriff J. II. Allen have performed their duties m so satlsfac tory a manner, thnt no ono thought of suggesting any other man for either position. Assistant Judgo Mcrrlhow is en titled to another term by precedent ns well ns excellence of service and F. W. Hall, the other candidate for assistant Julge, H so well qualified for the duties of his position thnt ho will receive more than his party vote. Theodore E. Hopkins, the republican candidate for State's attorney, Is ono of our successful young lawyers, who Is well qualified by both natural abil ity nnd experience to make nn effici ent nnd faithful public sorvant. There havo seldom been less heart burnings over the ChlttenJen county republican tlckot than In this year of 1912, and we are entirely safe In pre dicting that the republicans of the county will ratify the choice of their chosen representatives In the county convention with handsome majorities nt tho polls. co-ormtATiVK puiii.icitv for Vr.lWONT. The value and Importance of co operative effort In directing the atten tion of tho outside world to the at tractions of Vermont have frequently been emphasized in theso columns. A concrete example of this sort of help ful work Is now afforded the people of Vermont. State Highway Commissioner Charles W. Gates secured the preparation of a lnr-To road map of Vermont thnt folds In convenient form showing the select ed highways, State roads that aro be ing Improved and maintained under State supervision, for issuance In con nection with his report for the bi ennial period ending with the present year. The trunk lines and cross-State rods aro shown In blue while the most Important town and county roads aro shown In red, theso two classes con Btrtutlng Vermont's system of 1.000 miles of Improved earth and gravel State roads, which aro recommended ns good automobile roads. The ordi nary town roads aggregating about 11,000 miles nre shown In black. It Is evident that a map of this kind in of great value and convenience, especially to tho tourist who uses a motor car. Secrotnry of State C.uy W. Bailey, through the Vermont publicity depart ment, has distribute 1 no less than Pease's Clearance Is this week a trading event of unusual IMPORTANCE Ste need of clothes that'll LOOK GOOD af ter the glamor of newness has worn of. That kind of clothes is costly be cause their value is based on the money invested in their construction. THAT'S WHY THIS WEEK'S SUITS HERE AT 14 Mean more than any offer that we have yet made. Their qualities impress at sight their workmanship is the costly kind, that requires time and brains. SPRING SUITS, SUMMER SUITS, FALL' SUITS, WINTER SUITS. 14 This store is brimming over with unusual saving op portunities that you should know of, and that we can't afford to itemize here ; for instance, we are selling Amor- ica s very best 15c Collars at 9 cents The latest and best styles of the day; the best lRo '1 for 25o), Collars on sale at 4,f00 of theso maps folded separately from tho highway reports, sondmg tho snmo as fnr ns possloio to prospective tourists, or thoso likely to become such. Tho traveler by auto Is thus afforded a thorough knowtedgo of Vermont's thoroughfares, and tho effect will bo to materially lncronso tourist travel through tho Htnte. Socrotnry of Htnte notloy has done a wonderful amount of work with the almost absurdly Bmull appropriation placod in his hands, and the results of this experiment havo been so grati fying that tho appropriation for this constantly growing work will unques tionably bo materially Increased by the coming Legislature. IlItOOKS AM) FAH MS. "I havo found It as la.st tho thing I haro been dreaming about during nil these years of city bondage; tho thing that opens up vlstn.4 of bucolic beauty nnd benediction; a rift of blue sky through tho smudge and smoke of the strenuous strlfo! And It has everything on It, ex cept tho brook murmuring lazily through tho meadows nnd kicking up Its silver heels over pebbled pathways. Hut you can't have everything on a small farm that somo one clso laid out In the days when city dwellers were not looking for babbling brooks. If I had had tho parcel ing out of farms, I would havo put n. "laughing brook" somewhere on each one, for the pink-footed ducks to frolic In nnd .,nnp their long bills over Juicy bugs nnd worms. Perhaps the great nnd good Hus bandtnnn did not have enough brooks to pc 'round, and I must worry along with out a brook. Perhaps I will make one somo of theso days. In tho meantime, I advlso all my neighbors who havo bab bling brooks to take them In at night." Treemnn A. Do Wessc In Suburban Life Magazine for August, nisciPMMNn the nov. "t'pon the American mother, is placed thu tremendous responsibility of safe guarding the home, and training her boys for citizenship. Let us consider tho homo ns a republic, a type In mlnlaturo of the lnrger republic tho State. It is in tho homo that the llrst les.sons In good citi zenship should be taught. If wo improve tho quality of citizenship, we cloratu the nation. Our observation nnd experience alike teach us that so closo Is tho re lationship between "the home nnd the Stnto that whatever affects tho well-being of the former reacts upon tho larger family of tho commonwealth. "As I have watrhwl the results of lax methods of discipline In home training upon the youth of the present generation, It has occurred to mo that our American mothers hnvo been doing nil that was possible to spoil their .-ons, unfitting them either to govern themselves or to be of benetlt to tho communllv at lnrge. Many mothers nip In tho bud all possibilities for tho perfect flower of good citizenship." Mnrgnret Woodward In Suburban Life Magazine for August. HOW TO HKSTHOV ANTS. The following suggestion ns to how to destroy ant's appears In the current Is sue of l'nrm and rireslde: "The best and easiest method I hnve ever found for destroying ants, whether they nre In the house or on the lawn, Is to take a large sponge, wet It, nnd sift fine sugar nil over It nnd lay It In tho place that Is Infested. The ants will soon fill the sponge. Take It nnd sink It In a pall of water; they will then deavo the sponge and rise to the top of the water and can bo easily be destroyed. Sprinkle more sugar on tho sponge and put it In place again. Tills repeated n few times will soon enablo the house wife t- destroy all the ants." ItAT-PHOOK COHX-CltlllS SAVE MIL LIONS OF I)OI,l,IlS. In the current Issue of l'nrm and Fire side appears an article showing bow farmers spend a great deal of money and Ingenuity In the construction of rat pi oof corn-cribs to save themselves from a loss of millions of dollars' worth of corn. The nrtlclo Is -.Mitten by Professor C. S. Chase of the Kansas Agricultural College, Professor Chaso says that rats will jump two and one-half to three feet high, nnd will climb anything but smooth metal. A rat-proof crib, therefore, must re on rat-protected iosts or built to keep rnls from climbing tho sides. If a farm happens to ho locntvd near n wharf or slaughter-house where rats are cspfdally bad, It Is advisable to tack sheet lion onto tho corn crib. The na. rcaner learns something, or saves something, every day almost al ways she does both. Light colors, fancy patterns, plain col ors, blue serges, blaok thibets. 1 9c I mi 18 ii li PANAMA CANAL TOLLS Must Be Gauged to Restrict-Cora. merce as little as Possible. The Sum Canal Factor nates for Our Canal nnd Coal Must Cut Un der Sues Figures to AUrnet Hu ropean Traffic with Orient. In nn articlo In tho August nnmber of tho North American Review, Emory R. Johimon, professor of transportation and commerco in tho University of l'ennsyl vnnla, considers tho extent of truffle which may bo expected for tho Panama, canal when It Is opened. Ho writes with au thority no a member of tho Isthmian canal commission from 1S93 to 1904, nnd ns tho mnn who was appointed last year by President Taft to make a special re port on canal traffic nnd tolls. Ho stnrts with tho assertion that this country should regulate tho Panama canal tolls in such a way as to obtain the requisite amount of revenuo jvlth as little restriction on commerce as possible, and ho holds that the canal should earn $ir.,i,ooo a year lu order to pay thn'ln terest on .TO,W0O It cost to build It, M.iVOifiO for Its nnminl maintenance nnd operation, and $.W,0CO for tho government of tho canal zone. Dr. Johnson "then gives this table of tho shipment that In 1909-10 would havo used tho canal If It had been open: Ii Europe, with Western South America .... Western Central America and Pacific Mexico Pacific fnlted States, Ilrltlsh Columbia and II ii wall Pacific United States via Suez Cnnal Oriental countries cast of Singapore ami Oceania Eastern United States coast, with West ern Smith America, Pacific Mexico and Hawaii Pacific Coast of United States, (Vila Cape Horn) Pacific Const of United States and Hawaii, (via American-Hawaiian S. S. Co) Oriental Countries east of Slngaporo and Oceania Panama traffic Eastern Canada, with Alaska, Chill nnd Australia Total (1) Not sepnrable Into entrances an-1! Analyzing theso figures. Dr. Johnson frays that only 11.4 per cent, of the trnfllc passed from one const of the United States to the other by Cape Horn, the Isthmus of Panama, or tho Isthmus of Tehuanti !ee, and that the trade of this country with foreign countries nccounted for 32 per cent, of the total. Commerco between Europe nnd the west coast of South America supplied 3S per cent, of tho traffic, which might hnvo used the canal, and the trado of Great Hrltaln alono with tho west coast of South Ameri ca, would have supplied one-sixth of tho total traffic through tho canal In 1910. As tho canal will not be open until 1315, It Is necessary to Increase theso figures by tho growth In trado that is to be an ticipated. Dr. Johnson arrives at the con clusion that In 1915. ships with a total net register of 10,M,'" tons should pass through tho cannl. In estimating the amount of traffic, which will use the new waterway, Dr. Johnson snys there are two important factors outside of actual distance from the Isthmus of Panama to be considered. One of these Is tho tolls to bo charged and tho other the cost of coal on tho Panama route as compared with other routes. Then he divides the tralllc which Is for geographical reasons likely to use the canal from that which has for tho same reasons a cholco between the Straits of Magellan, tho Cope of Good Hope, the Suez canal, and the Panama canal. Ho says: "The Pannma route will have a monop oly of traffic of Hawaii and of the west coast of North nnd South America, with the exception of a small part of the trade of southern Chill, but It so happens that tho marginal traffic fur which tho Pana ma canal must competo with other routes is of exceptionally large tonnage and value, comprising the major sharo of the commerco of Pacific Asia and of Austra lia. The ships engaged In tho trado of which the Panama route has a monopoly will comprise the larger sharo of the canal's tonnage, but tho marginal traffic Is a prize mi well worth competing for that It .Miould ho given careful considera tion In fixing the tolls to bo charged at Panama. The volume of trafllc and tho commercial u.--efulness of the canal, as well as the revenuo obtained from Its op eration, aio dependent upon the transit I dues." A toll of 1 a ton, the writer said, would ' probably bo sufllelent to divert tho com- mCrCO ifi.,i-u .- "I"' ...... ..." ...... districts of Chill to tho Strait of Mngel- : Ian, were It not thnt vessels engaged In I that trule would want tho coast trado of South America nn their way. Moreover the Panama route would offer opportuni ties to buy coal so much moro cheaply on the Isthmus or In the West Indies than on the east coast of Houth America that the difference In the price of fuel would probablv bo equal to a half, or even more I than naif, of the canal tons. I The ,-.inal, under any tolls tho United ' Slates is likely to lmpo.-c, will probably obtain the trade hetween tho Atlantic coast of the United States and Australia and New Zealand, but for the European trade with Austrnlli, Dr. Johnson be lieve that the Panama canal will have strong competition from the Suez cnnal fnr fnst steamships, und tho Capo of Good Hopo for ordinary freight vessels. Still, If the Panama tolls nro kept lower than thoso of tho Suez canal, somo of this trado should bo captured, he thinks. Of tho trade with the Par West, Dr. John son has this to say: The panama nnd Suez routes will bo ac tive rivals in the rich trafllc field east and north of Singapore. The line connecting points equally dlslnnt from New York by way of the opposing canal routes runs through Hongkong and Manila. To the north and east of those cities the distance CAN'T ESCAPE 'EM. Now," said tho lawyer who wus con ducting tho cross-examination, "I will ask sou whether you have ever been In Jail." I havo not," replied the witness, "Havo you ever been Indicted by a grand Jury?" "No." "Have you over been arrosted?" "No." "Have you ever run away wlthjuiother man's wife?" "I never have." "Havo you ever cheated unybody in horso trndo7" "I never havo had a horse." "Ah! You aro evading my question. I thought wo should Und you out sooner or and tlmo advantage Is with the Panama route for trade of tho eastern seaboard of tho United States. To tho south nnd west of Hongkong and Manila the Suez route will have the ndvantngo. There wilt be some traffic from places north and east of Hongkong and Manila that will bo taken Ic New York and tho cant coast of the Lntted States by wny of Suez. It Is equnlly true that vessels will start from points west of Hongkong and Manila and proceed by way of Pannma to New York. Thero will be nn overlapping of routes between Hlngaporo and Yokohama ROUTE TO THU ORIENT DEPENDS ON TOLLO. Dr. Johnson considers that any traffic between Europe and Japan, China, or the Philippines by way of tho Panama canal will bo atLacted because the tolls are lowor than thoso of the Suez canal or because of cheaper coal, and ho suggests thnt the tolls on the now canal be ad Justed to try to gain somo of this trade. In 1310 there wero 12,000,000 net tons of It, nnd It would be a great thing, ho thinks, If tho Panama canal could obtain -0 or even 10 per cent, of this. DlscUsMtig tho question of tho price of coal, Dr. Johnson points out that tho government could sell nnd make a profit out iTf coal at tho Pannma canal at a ton, whereas It costs $! ton at Suez, nnd he gives this Illustration of what this would mean: "In 1011 a freight vessel of about 3.00C tons net icglstcr, ISritlsh measurement, which made a round trip from New York through the Suez canal to tho Philippines and back, pnld $3),SiiS for coal, Had the mmo vessel been taken through the I'anama cannl and by way of San Fran cisco and Yoknhama to Manila and back by the fnmc route, Its coal bill would have been J1S,:2.'." As the amount of tolls to be charged will depend largely on tho Increase In Total Total Total Entrances Intranccs Clearances, and Clearaiv ns 1,X3,SS7 1,01,513 5.HM00. f0,7SS W.-U 100,602 410,S y,0,X3 6a,71R (1) (1) lMSM 618,701 KT-.SSl l,17i,DS0 r.00,90O rr,533 177,311 B,3t 172,65! 1S1.713 181,713 363,42! 600,000 000,000 1,500,001 1S.S.525 S9.932 41S,(, 13,410 22,24S 35,Gf, 4,045,1)3 clearances. 4,124,1131 S,328,02C tho tonnago using the Panama canal, Dr. Johnson calculates that It will be a con servative estimate to expeet an Increase every decade of 00 per cent. This will bring tho trafllc of 1925 up to 17.O0O.0iX tons net register, which, though a largt figure, will be considerably less than tUC expected trafllc through the Suez cnnal Tho Suez canal tratfle in I 13 should b m,(pfi),frt) and In 1925 35,ir,.) tons. In conclusion Dr. Johnson takes up tht question of free passages for American shipping and the prohibition of the us of tho canal to vessels owned by rail road companies. Ho has this to say oi these problems: "The coat-wlso steamship Interests and many persons who are unselfish advocates of government aid to American shipping are urging the United States to allow American ships to use the Panama canal without payment of tolls. It Is recognlzei that tho exemption of our shipping en gaged in tho foreign trado from the pay ment of Panama tolls would bo a viola tion of tno Ilay-Pauncefote treaty. There Is a difference of opinion as to whether this and our treaties with other nations than Great Britain mako it possible to exempt our coast-wise shipping from tho payment of Panama tolls. A SUBSIDY OP DOUBTFUL ADVIS ABILITY. "It Is probable, however, that the United States could pay to American ships using tho canal a subsidy equal to tho tolls collected for the use of the waterway. Tho wisdom of this policy Is, however, subject to serious question. Our coast-wise trade 1s open only to American ships. Tho Panama canal will greatly in crease the demand for our vessels, and will thus bo of great benefit to the ship building and const-wise, shipping inter ests. There Is need for government ntd to our shipping engaged in the foreign trade, but tho oxemptlon or remission of Pana ma tolls on our shipping registered for the foreign trado would be of no appreci able assistance. On the whole, it would seem wiser for tho United States to col lect tho same tolls from all ships, Ameri can or foreign, and to adopt effective measures for the promotion of tho Amerl can marine. "It Is feared by many peoplo that 11 the railroad companies aro permitted to own or control vessels using the Panama cannl It will be difficult or Impossible foi steamship companies independent of rail road ntllllatlon to engage in successful competition with the lines under railroad control. It Is apparent that the United States must either prohibit tho use o tho canal by vessels under railroad con trol or must so regulate carriers using tho Panama canal as to prevent railroad lines from monopolizing or limiting the trafllc carried between our two sea board. lrobnbly regulation will be wiser thun limitation of tralllc. "It Is Imperative that the United Statej Bo eminent should have full knowledge cf tho relation of rail and water carriers. The business should bo carried on pub licly, and not secretly. Hall and watei lines should be required to mako physical connection, and should bo obliged to ex. change t:.ihV with each other without unfair discrimination ns botween earrlen or shippers It will also bo found wist for the government to keep Informed re garding the relation of .steamship lines with each other. In order to prevent them from combining to restrict services or tc raise rates. It will probably not bo ncces. snry fnr tho United States government actually to regulate the rates of steam ship lines, but It Is, however, advisable for tho government to adopt without de lay the policy of requiring publicity In tho services and charges of carriers by water ns well as of carriers by rail." A SURE TEST. "Do you believe that animals can dls tlngulsh tho different colors!" "I most certainly do!" replied the fnrnv er's daughter. "Well, I don't. I have tried many ex. pertinent and havo come to the conclu sion thnt our domestlo nnlmals, at teast aro color blind. "Just try one more and I think you wit chnngo your mind." said the girl with C smile. "What's that?" "Put on my rod shawl and walk through tho lot where my father keep' tho bull!" Pittsburg Leader. Mako your want nd. Interest InL- tn hnm JUiJ4Ur-A'Vi:ou:" '4r.i6iUUltl