Newspaper Page Text
THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS 'AND TIMES; THURSDAY, OCTOBER 19M,
18 LIMIT HOURS OF LABOR Gii (it mil tn nfl rrssemea lu Legislature. .(inn iiinni in r ecu .i uuiiiniu ate as Shown by Iteport of Com mission Appointed by the Diocese of Vermont. e Rev. cnaries unasc wnson or at. cnuren reaa last oven nc nt n tb l ir inn i wiiKr tin nnn.iHi i 'imni. In Our Own State," the meeting be held In the small lecture of the Y. M. C. A. nnd of a series of educational lectures to leld during the winter, eight lectures II being planned, among the speakers Judge E. C. Mower. Mrs. II. S. 'trd. nrejddent nf th tenmnv nt. d at the meeting last evening. Wilson's paper laM evening was the 1 at the convention of the Kplscop.il ese at Bennington on September 23. commission, which was appointed In consists of Joseph T. Stearns of this and Newman K. Chaffee of Rutland. des Mr. Wilson, and the duties of the mission Wern tn irnlher InfnPTtintfnn Wilson's paper, which it- herewith Lea in nn. mrms tni nriKia nr sl mil ch Is to be presented at the present REPORT OP COMMISSION. commission was created, has limited Investigations to tho Industrial corn- been undertaken, a very serious tflnn fit affairs In urn. rural .-ttn. tlin hHR heen mvejilprl liv .T. IV. ss of vergennes, the superintendent ho State Industrial school. Howvit ruling a discussion of the problems is reDon. f or mis reason our rn. does not purport to give a fair lm. sion or conditions In the State as a In Tl nnM VwmII lV Mr, tnr.nnu mlr nnl.i ern to discover what was lacking In Industrial system. We have endeavor- to form a Just estimate of existing Bennington, Rutland, Burlington, ows Falls. In addition to these lita ut jiiiui umuuii, me commission received valuable assistance from ned workers In the State nrlsnn at nKnr. inn nn iha nr rnrroM nn at and tho Industrial school at Vcr- p. ir wnn mir mrnntinn tn hnim worK ot investigation done by or ethlng for our Men's clubs to do, In i lu . uoliiv LiiTTH r Ai.ir nrr. rinr i nr reason or another none of the work the commission has been done by Men's clubs. This failure is a matter ret The information upon which report is based has been gathered clergymen and interested churchmen he towns above named. arawicK, fiarre ana uetnel owe their trv Th unfnna fit V .,!.. ' . . . , n".i,ii: Luiicii very strong and well organized. With elcrht hour dav nnd vhup mnai nr. BTriii ft t ii n n rnn at niimi - w v, mo, me (jiniiiio uuuer IB wen assured is no complaint of child labor. . in una Bennington, Burlington and Wlnoo- capci-itiny in me lexuie millf1, wo confronted with a different situation. ft rule In these factories, 10 hours eon- rusn or. Dusmees ana men. wompn children work 12 and 13 hours a day days and week 8 consecutive. In some apparent. It has been maintained by 1. r.mA O . . .1 ill not 'nmwrn in tiir. nron miri,,, secure the business which Is nece.s- jr iw men lummuui jij OSptTIiy. It however, the opinion of your uom- Jf ..J.uw W i. i Hi rill n w M H I TTlflV IlUTirwin In I. . . unreiegatea industrial system of our ao noi vemuro to say that it hnnnnn. gin oi io ye-ars oi age, was employed a textile mill at W. It was during tho ho season last winrer. liar o:3o- p. m., or almost 131-2 hours a V. throuch tho week, with sLitnrrin, Rrni mnx fin. J i inn Hnn nr a mnnti. thlB work, tho girl's "boss" came to r house at ".'no a. m. Sunday morning n rffiiipwicri npp in Lrnr iiti jttin ,nm.t f. nhn..i1 lm mi.il I . ..1 ., U..1. n . M upon the statute book In this State limit or to regulate the hours of labor men, women or children. Tho casual sh rv ' r in ii v hi i nrinun i ii-ir i nniin n uiiuh neeu nni worn me nxira lime, un- Hhe chooses to. It Is, however, a L'niiun. in rnti.MT nsi: nrn.i. nr wnrmn r extra time or not at all. uaner communities. careful examination of the Industries the State reveals the fact that we have our mills and factories several hundred ... uviwtcii ine hkch oi id to zi. v or em a normal day's work Is 10 hours in V nfternrinn fran It, n ...... .n.. I e, ariwH tw iium it. weeK, or i nours day. At an age when u child Is grow g and developing rapidly, such excea- clous effect, It Is tho opinion of your mmlsslon that a per.Hon who has worked uer Miifii pnniiiii.itm ir.tni rn.. jiifn .,r Is unfitted for the dutle.i of parentage. riMr x v,i i ro n r mta i mn t... w n I'Uwnll nf tl,.. U.uf.1 i,ll.ll ..nil., rmtrt- Isslon, Iiuh ha1 tho cordlul support of Is commlHJ'lon. Tho hill Is modelled ion the Massachusetts act which went to effect on Ju!lUl 1, 1111.'. provision mode for a nlnu hour day or 01 hours week for women, and all minors under years of age. In "seasonable" trades hour a week aru allowed, provided e average for the year Is not moro than hours a week, or a nlno hour day. ntatlon of this bill in tlio (coming) I,eg-, tslature to be assembled In October. Considerable time and attention have toeen devoted to the question of regulat lng the hours of work for women and children. Your commission has felt that in thla particular matter there waa need for Immediate action. It Is not a matter for hysterics or sentimentality. Yo,ur commission holds It to be a question of protection for those, who under the ores. ent system are without any safeguards Against a ruthless exploitation. A sad part of the story is that In some Instances this law Is needed to protect the children against the greed or poverty of their own parents. Pew men will be bo rash as to dispute the truth or what has been said regarding thl matter of woman and child labor. To , our minds, it is not only a question of wnat nas happened in the past, or what the present conditions of industry may do in mis atate. Vermont Is rapidly be coming an Industrial community. Wo may look forward to see the history of Massachusetts and New Hampshire re. peated possibly on a smaller scale. May wo profit by their example! To our minds, this measure is much more. preventative for evils which have borne bitter fruit in our-sister commonwealth, Tho Vermont law provides with certain exceptions that no child under fourteen years of age shall be employed In mill or factory, Furthermore, that no child under sixteen years of age shall be so employed during publlo school term, Provided that a certain specified amount of work has been done In school, the town superintendent of schools may grant a certificate to children under six. teen years of ago which will permit of their employment In a mill or factory, This certificate Is deposited with tho em ployer for his protection. As regards child labor. It Is the opinion of your com mission that the law Is all right. There Is some evasion of the law. It may be In some cases due to the carelessness of the employer. In some cases It has been duo to the mendacity of children, or their parents. No adequate provision has yet been made for tho proper enforce ment of the laws which have to do with this subject. The truant officer, or the town superintendent of schools "may' visit a manufacturing establishment to examine the children therein employed That Is to say, he may or he may not, It will bo obvious to the convention that what is needed Is a system of State Inspection for all manufacturing estab lishments. Without at all questioning the ability or Integrity of local officials, It Is a matter of fact that a State official, In virtue of his position, would be more competent to secure the enforcement of the law. Tho experience of other in dustrial communities teaches u this lesson. The commonwealth of Massachu setts expends $136,000 annually in thorough and efficient system of State Inspection of mills nnd factories. New Hampshlie spends $7,000 annually for the same purpose. Without nn efficient sys tern of fnctory Inspection, the best laws on theBe subjects may be of little value, The question of Sunday observance has been a matter of discussion. It is well known that some of our manufacturing establishments have paid little heed to the Lord's day. The Vermont law on this subject, while It may be so construed as to prohibit physical activity of almost any description, upon Sunday, is sufficient for our needs. Here again the difficulty is that we seem to have at present no official whose duty it Is to take th Initiative in securing the enforcement of the present law. It cannot be expected that any worker In a mill or manu facturlng establishment will complain of any violation of this Sunday law. Such a complaint on his part would simply mean the loss of Ills position. No citizen In an Industrial town, as a rule, cares to Interfere in such a matter. Hp may be opposed to Sunday work as unneces sary and burdensome, but to tnke action seems only to Invite trouble and un pleasantness with men upon whose good will he may be In some ways dependent Town and city grand Jurors and State's attorneys decline to do detective's work The employment of professional de. tectlves or "spotters," In these, or other matters, troubles the conscience of the people. Here again. In the opinion of your commission, there Is need of a com prehensive system of State Inspection which will afford the machinery for the prompt and efficient enforcement of tho present 'aw. It 'will be well to note the effect of such regulation of woman and child labor, as your commission advocates, up on the scalo of wages for men. As con ditions are at present, In our Industries where women and children com pete with men for the samo class of work, the unregulated com petition of women and children who can afford to worV cheaper, tends to force or to keep down the scale of wages for men. And precisely because a man's ability to earn Is forced down by such competition of woman and child labor. that sanm man many find it necessary to take his own cliildren out of school and his wife out of her home to work with him in the mill in order to main tain his household. THE LIQUOR TRAFFIC. In asking for reports of social condi tions tn the industrial towns of the State, attention was directed to the liquor traf fic. It seemed best to ascertain what in telligent and Informed opinion is as to the enforcement of the present law. One of the strongest arguments against the old prohibitory law was, that It did not prohibit; that intoxicating liquors were sold Just as freely in hotels, drug stores and dives as If they were oper ating under license. Not only that there was free and open selling of such in toxicating liquors ps If the sellers held a license, but aUn that the existence of buch a prohibitory luw upon tho statute book, openly disregarded and flouted, brought nil law Into disrespect and con tempt, To drunkenness and disorder there seemed to be added tho crowning bhunio of public hypocrisy. Any public minded citizen must view with gravo concern the natural results of such pub lic hypocrisy. It might happen, and it has happened that those men most Btrongly convinced of the wisdom and necessity of tho prohibitory law would do llttlo to secure that prompt and vig orous enforcement which alone would make It of value to the community. When men favored tho local option Jaw and when men votto "yes" to-day, It may be with the conviction that they are voting to regulate a traffic which, In their Judgment, It is unwise or Im posslblo to dispense with altogether. We liavo substituted regulation for prohibi tion. And the name criticism must bo made of tho prehent system. Prohibi tion does not prohibit, and regulation does not regulate. Under cither system wo have In addition to drunkenness und public dlsuider the crowning disgrace of publlo hypocrisy. When our evidence gives us tho opportunity to form a Judg ment, it Is our deliberate opinion that It Is seldom, If ever, that a determined, consistent and systematic ottent Is niado to enforce our laws dealing with tho liquor traffic. Whether a town votes "yes" or "no," thu illegal and unli censed traffic is not seriously disturbed. Perhaps this statement should lm qualified a little, us to conditions In ceituln towns or cltleH voting "yes" Given good license commissioners who exercise care and discretion In granting licenses, and who mako frequent and unheralded examinations of the licensed places licensee, who respect the law and live up to Its provisions; good prose cuting officers and a good police force; wo believe that there Is leas illegal sell ing than would be the case If a town voted "no," or If wo had a prohibitory law, and that social conditions are bet ter. In other words the matter of social conditions In a community where the sale of Intoxicating liquor Is licensed, depends upon the men of such a com munitythe men who fix the amount of license fees and grant the licenses, the men who are so licensed, tho men chosen for prosecuting officers, and the person nel of the police force. If these men are of the right standnrd, social conditions (we believe) should be better In a town voting "yes." If they aro not of the rlirht standard, conditions may be Infinitely worse than If the town had voted "no," or If we had a prohibitory law. Regula tion can regulate, but perfect regulation is nn Ideal difficult of attainment. That this Ideal has been approached In certain instances wo are glad to record, but we lament that In many other Instances, mere nas Deen little, if any, attempt to reach It. The present non-enforcement of the liquor law has the same Influence upon public morality as the non-enforcement of the old prohibitory law. Slowly but surely It breeds disrespect and contempt for all law. The Innocent observer might suppose that when a town has voted "yes," a man who pays $800 or $1,000 for a license to sell liquor would be quick to secure Un Jress were the style, a great tempta tho conviction of a druggist, hotel, or dive-keeper, who is selling without a license. Tho strong motive of self-lntcr-ost to protect himself against an unfair and Illegal competition would, It seems, Impel the licensed dealers to secure a vigorous enforcement of the law. As a niattcr of fact the ordinary license holder Ii living in a gloss house and darc.i throw no stones. If he Is not violating somo provisions of the law by selling to minors ct habitual drunkards, he Is afraid that a case may be "framed up" against htm. That is to say, If he Is notconsciously vio lating any provisions of the law, his method of conducting his business Is not so careful and scrupulous as to Insure him against a so-called "frame-up." Of our prosecuting officers It may be said that our town and city grand Jurors snd State's attorneys do not consider themselves to be detectives. If a formal complaint Is made and satisfactory evi dence Is forthcoming, the authorities will act. Town grand Jurors, especially In the smaller communities, are very un willing to Institute proceedings against a neighbor or fellow citizen. It Is to the failure of this official to do his duty fearlessly that much of our present trou ble Is due. If tho State's attorney is will lng to act, it is when some public-spirited citizen Is willing to take upon himself the onus of responsibility by making com pliant and securing or helping to secure the evidence necessary to a conviction. In the last resort It Is not a question of blaming the town or city grand Jurors or State's attorneys. These officers arc con venient scapegoats who bear away the sins of the people. The real responsibil ity for the non-enforcement of cur liquor iws rests upon the small groups of Influ ential citizens In our communities. These leaders, social, business or religious lead er, may move heaven and earth In holy cr unholy zeal for license or prohibition. A great campaign is carried on and tre mendous commotion is aroused to secure yes" or "no" vote In March. But once the desired vote Is secured but little of that samo zeal Is directed to secure the Igorous enforcement of that policy tvhlch their votes have made law. Your commission feels that churchmen who ere for that reason, good citizens, can do much to arouse the public conscience. ew, even among well informed men, realize the extent to which kitchen dives and kindred resorts have worked havoc In our midst. The vigorous enforcement of our liquor laws means a measure of protection for the habitual and helpless liunkards and their wives and children who need to be protected against those who exploit them. The helplessness of the habitual drunkard and the sufferings of those dependent upon him, may well excite our pity and compassion. The un scrupulous greed of those men who pan der to and exploit human bin nnd frailty must arouse our righteous indignation. their work can be of no lasting valuo unless the public conscience Is aroused and publfc opinion Ib behind them. Truly wo hava self government with a vengeance nnd pay well for It when prominent citizens, many of whom are churchmen, aro willing ao- tlvely to support our proascuUng of fleers there will be an opportunity to develop nnJ pursue such a policy as wisdom may suggest. If In this report your commission has Jono anything to arouse church. men ond cltlzonB generally to the grav. Ity of the situation our labor has not been In vain. The enforcement of the laws on this subject calls for the ut most discretion. Your commtssron ap preciates the many difficulties of a situation which calls for prayerful thought and patience In action. It will be Interesting to report th cases of 23 iniien gins nnd women who were Interviewed as to their for mer mode of life and the reasons for their downfall. Two of tho twenty three ascribed rt to be Inability to liv on their wages; the other twenty-one SBCrlbod their downfall to tho desire to possess fine clothes and Jewels and other adornments such as thdlr more fortunato sisters possessed. Tho con vention will see that one of the Items In the cost of high living Is the down fall of those who desire to dress well and will sell themselves In order to dress extravagantly. For their sakoi clergyman Is bound to exhort the female members of his congregation to simplicity In dress. If simplicity tlon would he avotdod, In this State there is no aiequato provision for the care or reformation of fallen girls and women. We ne.iJ a Christian Homo for such. The In dustrial School may bo useful for sonn cases. In the State's prison and House of Correction no adequato care can h given to all who so sorely necil thu beneficent influence of a Christian Home. When tho time comes that the church of Vermont can support an In stitution for tho glory of Ood, your commission feels that it should be such a home. Our physicians will bo more Inclined to operate when they knoiv that there are hospitals and Sisters of Mercy to nurse their patients back to health. YOUNG NURSE ARRESTED. Wandering In Village of Mrndon nnd Apparently Demented. Ilutlnnd, Oct. 13. Wandering in the rain of early this morning through the village of Mendon, a small hamlet, a few miles from this city, a young wom an nurse, giving the name of Sarah Meader, was found and later detained by the locnl officers after her Insane actions had caused a complaint to bo lodged by C. E. Aines. The woman's appearance caused tlfc police to bellevo they had Amelle McAulcy Leonard, tho nurso who recently acquired notoriety by escaping from the Worcester Stato hospital for the insane. This theory was, however, exploded when this afternoon the matron and nn attendant, together with a member of the State police, came to Rutland and at the House of Correc tion said she wns not the person want ed. The story told by the oman gave rlso to the suspicion that she was the fugitive wanted. She talked with a Scotlsh accent and told of working In hospitals In various parts of the coun try. Her description tallied In almost every particular. The woman under ar rest here has been in the vicinity for a few days and her actions were regarded as queer by the authorities at Poultney, where she passed the day, Friday. She will be held here pending nn investiga tion and probate examination as to her mental condition. The Meader woman Is about 2S years old, has brown hair and gray blue eyes. and weighs about 120 pounds. She says is a Canadian by birth. X-SzWm m T!?ere ,re Mverl Winchester Repeating There are several Winchester RnMtfno. Rifles specially adapted to shooting W u u . . . o o o w, .u u 8 ucvotees. Whichever one is selected will be found perfectly satisfactory, as they are all tried and true. Don t make any mistake in selecting a rifle for big-game shooting, as it may mean a serious matter. wmcnester and take no chances. They are sold by all dealers and their cost is moderate. Send postal to Winchester Repeating Arms Cn .., kinds of shooting, and ammunition for all make! It firearms. TBMYmVMR FAIL TO MBUT REQUIREMENTS DOMESTIC SCIENCE Conking mid Serving Conducted Ulllnn Mnxon. by MKNU FOR TO-MORROW. Hreakfast. Cereal with Raisins and Crerim Eggs in the Shell Georgia waffles Coffee DINNER. 'ream of Potato Soup Chicken with Spaghetti Baked Squash Pickled Peaches Caramel Ico Cream SUPPER. Small Cakes Shrimps In Tomato Sauc Crackers Cheese Orange Layer Cake Tea THE SOCIAL EVIL. The report of the Chicago vice-commis sion has been of great assistance In this branch of our work. Dean Sumner of our cathedral in Chicago was at the head ot this commission and his part In that great work will add to the Interest It pos- besses for all churchmen. Naturally one cannot compare conditions In Chicago with those existing in small towns ot northern New England. But human na ture Is tho same and Dean Sumner's commission and report have much to teach us. If one may speak of a reve- ation coming from the lower regions society, we have In that report i; revelation of what may be found under the veneer of a Christian civilization. Our Information from the smaller towns Is to the effect that there are few if any disorderly houses ani no treot soliciting. In Uurllngton and Wlnooskl with Fort Ethan Allen, the ituatlon is different. It la a matter of common knowledge that there ire disorderly houses and houses of as signation. At Wlnooskr the presence U. S. troops creates a situation with which the local authorities seem un able to cope. When the canteen was abolished, the soldiers wen driven moro than before, to seok their amuse ments elsewhere than on tho reserva. tlon. Consequently these amusements aro provided for in resorts along the rghway from the reservation to WI noosS village. In these resorts up J others of kindred nature there have been murdors nni dlvors other crimes hlch have created great scandal, hut ave not availed to awaken the public conscience. The most repulsive aspect of this bad business is that it is all commercialized. Serious crimes and even murler Itsolf, are but Incidents In the day's work of a lucrative and well established traffic In 'human sonic anl bodies. Gambling, drunkenness. rioting and Jealous passion, together with the carrying of concealed weap ons, furnrsh at any and all times tha necessary background for bloody rimes anl murder, Your commission wishes to put itself on record In this matter, When a man leases property to be used for such purposes he should know as well as tho proprietor of the resort that In the long run hloodv rimes and even murder Itself urn necessary Incidents to such a lucrative business. What Impresses your commission u grant deal Is the fact that the officers f the law appear to have no consist. ent policy either of regulation (of such resorts) or or constant repression wtth annihilation as tho Ideal, Here again private citizens hesitate and UUHko tn net. Officers of the law do not con slder themselves to be detectives. Thn use of professional detectives Is not popular among our people. Prosecut ing officers complain very Justly that tllFFEHK.N'CK IN FAIISI PRODUCTS. (From tho St. Albans Messenger.) It is pretty hard to convince some men who have been on a farm for years, and who have always found the ways of their fathers sufficient In the tilling of the soil. It is difficult to convince some of these men that new tangled methods of agriculture are worth while. But every now and then there comes to view some com parison of tho old ways with the new which must tend to shake such firm belief In tho valuo of the old. Such a comparison Is now receiving considerable attention in the press of the eastern section of tho country. There are two farms not far distant from Elmlra, N. Y. They adjoin each other, and thore Is no great difference In the climatic conditions or n the fertility of the soil; one might well be added to the other. So It may bo seen that they aru about equal In all those things which go to make up the farm. Starting out at tho beginning of tho year on equal footing, what Is tho standing at tho ond of tho twelve months? The difference is the differ ence betwoen the old and the now, there can be no other way to account for It. The first farm after paying five per cent, on tho capital invested yielded a net profit of $131, while tho second showed a net profit of $1,788. And that is some difference. It Is, in truth, the difference between success and failure, for If a given farm is able to make a roturn of about $1,788, someone has failed If that possible amount Is In renllty reduced to less than $200. And the high cost of living comes In a bit, too. It is very evident that under the old conditions of loose cut on the farm, It will bo a difficult task to keep production up to the pace of consumption. There Is only one thing that can bo dono by tho farmer out of Justice of himself and to his fellows, nnd that Is to tnko what science offers him, go In for such crops as his soil Is flttod for, and to cultivate Inten sively. This, to many minds, Is plain; some minds will refuse to see It, it Is one of tho duties of the government, through Its agriculture department, to keep everlastingly at Its educational propaganda. IAST INTKIlFERKNCr.. (From tho Cleveland Plain Dealer Only one Interruption now before the filial stretch of the campalgn-the world's series. Then we shall bo nblo to renter attention on such secondary matters as electing a president and n governor. Alaska Ih holding hor first agricul tural fair and next year will export wine, fruit, vegetables and grain to British Yukon and tho States. Albeit U. Stewart, foreman of an Ice house on the Kennebec river, says; "I have tiMd Foley's Honey and Tar Com pound personally for a number of years, once for a severe cold I contracted whlhi working on the Ico. Two bottlos com pletely cured mo." J. W. O'Sulllvan, u Church street. Adv.) GEORGIA WAFFLES. Allow to each pint of flour two eggs, one and a half cupfuls of milk or milk and cream, butter thu size of a walnut, sprinkle of snlt and thiee level tea spoons of baking powder. Mix salt nnd baking powder well Into the flour, rub the butter In evenly, then me eggs, well beaten, and stir in the milk. Have thu waffle irons hot and well gi eased. Pour the batter In nnd bake Immediately. The batter should be rather thin, uhoiit tho consistency of good paste. SHRIMPS IN TOMATO SAUCE. Cook a sprig of parsley and one table spoon each of finely cut onion and carrot in one large tablespoon of butter, blend In three tablespoons of tlour, add one half teaspoon of salt, one-quarter tea spoon of paprika, two cloves and a bit of bay leaf, then add slowly one cup of stock and one cup of tomato pulp. Stir until thickened, let simmer 15 minutes, then strain and reheat. Dip a pint of shrimps in milk, roll them In Hour and fry in bubbling hot butter. Pour the sauce over slices of toasted bread, cover with the shrimps and sprinkle lightly with parsley and lemon Juice. CHICKEN WITH SPAGHETTI. Singe, clean and truss a nice, fat chicken. Lay It on a trivet, or a per forated stew pan, and add boiling water to half cover, and one level tablespoon of salt. Let It cook very slowly, till tender, from one hour to one nnd one half, according to the age of the chicken. When tender pour off one pint of the wa ter and set It aside to cool. Cover tho chicken and let It stand where It will keep warm but not cook longer. Into another stew pan put one tablespoon of butter and cook ( In It without browning, ono small onion sliced, then pour In the pint of chicken liquor freed from oil, und when boiling add one cup of macarnl broken In Inch pieces or about a dozen long sticks of spaghetti, colling them in as the boiling broth softens them. Let it boil until the broth is nearly absorbed. then add one cup of milk or thin cream and cook slowly until the spaghetti Is tender nnd has absorbed tho liquor. wnen tnis is nearly done draw the chicken forward and let It become boll lng hot again. Remove the chicken to a platter and cut it in convenient pieces for serving. Let the liquor boll down to one pint, skim off the fat, and then stir the llquod gradually Into the tablespoons of tlour which have been cooked In two tablespoons of hot butter or of the fat which was skimmed from thu liquor. Add celery salt ond paprika. Turn the spaghetti over tho chicken nnd pour the sauce over the whole. Onrnlsh with parsley. BROILED TOMATOES. Six tomatoes, one egg, one-half cup dried bread crumbs, salt, pepper, flour, Cut tho tomatoes In halves, crosswise; tut oif a thin slice from the rounded part of each section; season with salt and pepper. DL) in flour, eggs und crumbs, and broil over a clear lire. ORANGE LAYER CAKE. Yolks of two eggs, tvo cups of sugar, grated rind and Juice of one orange, grat ed rind and Juice of one-half lemon, cne- half cup of cold water, two cups of Hour, one heaping teaspoon of baking powder, whites of three eggs b- atcn stiff. Bako In layer cake tins. FROSTING FOR ORANGE LAYER CAKE. Two cups of confectioner's sugar, whlto of ono egg, grated rind of one half an orange, Juice enough to smooth. Muud O'Hura. WHOLE TOMATOES, CANNED, The tomatoes should be smooth, sound, and small, thu Juis should liavo a wide mouth and new, tight-fitting rubbebrs. Put the tomatoes lu n wliu basket, und plunge them into a kettlo of boiling wa ter, then Into cold water. Drain and slip tho skins off with as little waste as pcikslble, and without breaking. With a spoon lay them carefully Into tho Jars ns closely as can bo done without crush iug the fruit, und with the stein end up. Adjust the rubbeis and covers, but do not fasten the screw or clamp. Put a board In a boiler, arrange the Jars so they will not touch, then pour In cold water to come nearly to the top of the Jars and boll about nn hour after it bolls all over. Meanwhile have plenty of fresh boiling water, and when you remove the Jars, stand them on a folded wet towel, or In a pan of hot water, fill to overflow ing with boiling water, put on the covers and seal Immediately. When cold, tight en the clamp, turn upside down, and If they aro tight put them away In a dark place. Mary J. Lincoln. GINGER PEAR, hard Four pounds of hard pears, four pounds brown sugar, six lemons, one fPunce of white ginger-root. Peel, core and quarter the pears, nnd cut Into thin slices. Cut the lemons In the same way, (leaving peel on, remove seeds). Mix al together, boiling three or four hours or until the syrup looks clear. When about half done remove the ginger-root, and re place with one cupful of candled ginger, cut into small dice. Mrs. Richard C. Humphreys. CHILI SAUCE. Eighteen rlpo tomatoes, three red pep pers, four onions; chop these all fine, one cup of brown sugar, two and a half I cups of vlnegnr, one tublespoonful salt, one tablespoonful of mustard; stew all together one hour or more. meni:. Baked Beans. Piccalilli. Cereal. Physical exercise Returning Thanks Breakfast, rillced tomatofs. Brown Bread. Rolls. Coffee. (Walking to church) (In the collection) S. S. Dessert. DINNER. Tomato Soup. Corned Beef. Cabbage. Mashed Potatoes. Turnip. Rulsln and Suet Pudding. Cream. Chocolate. Cup LUNCH. Cottage Cheese Sandwiches. Custards. Weak REDUCING" LABOR. Tea. Well, tho fireless cooker will take care of the corned beef. By starting it lust as late ns convenient Saturday night it will be all right for dinner. The three story steam cooker will tnkc earn of all the vegetables. The coffee Jelly will be made the night before and John will turn the cream freezer, so thcro will bp a chance for me to rest and attend church, whllo also providing a good and substantial dlnne. Wo sure ly need to have espclally good nnd nu tritious dinners on Sundays, but also we who must cook them need to have as much of the rest and church opportunity as reasonably possible, STEAMED RAISIN AND SUET PUD DING. This pudding will he easily kept by making ahead and re-steamlng before serving, or, as it requires about three hours to steam, it can be set on to cook the Inst thing before starting to church and given immediate attention on return. Chop to a powder enough suet to mako one cupful nnd add half a cupful of brown sugar, thiee well-beaten eggs and one cupful of sour milk. Stir in two cupfuls of sifted flour mixed with half a teaspoonful each of cinnamon, nutmeg nnd salt, add one teaspoonful of soda dissolved In ono tablespoonful of boiling water and finally add one and one-half cupfuls of ftoncd raisins well coaoted with flour. Turn Into a greased pudding mold, cover closely and steam about three hours. Serve with hard sauce. lard, one level tablespoon each of singes and soda, a saltspoon of salt, one tablespoon of vinegar and four cups of sifted flour. Add the lat cup of Hour carefully, because the mo lasses may be so thick that it will no. all be needed. Bake In a shallow pan and serve with a lemon sauco or steam In a mold two hours. FRUIT OA KB. 2 oups of butter. 2 cups of sugar. 8 eggs. 3 eups molasses. 2 1-3 cups sweet milk. 6 eups of flour. 1 teaspoon soda. 2 teaspoons cream tartus. 1 teaspoon cinnamon. 1 tea noon mace. 1 scant teaspoon clov. 1-2 teaspoon nutmeg. 2 cups Sultana raisins, cups currants. 2 cups citron. 2 cupq chopped dates Put together like ordinary cake mix ture. Stenm four hours in a brick lojf bread pan. This quantity will mnk thteo loaves. Mary Macdcna'd. CHOCOLATE CAKE. Cream ono cup of butter and two cut of sugar together. Add the yolks of flv egss. and the whites of thieo well beat en, ono scant cup of milk and four level teaspoons of baking pow der sifted with three cups of flour. Bak In two shallow pans. BAKED PEARS. Pue and remove the bruised parti nnd core good wind fall pears, or thos which have fallen from the trees, cut them in miii.11 pieces and fill a deep pudding dish. Sprinkle over them half a cup of sugar, add half a cup of water, cover cloely and bako very slowly three or four hours, or until red and clear. When one has a quantity of fruit to save In this way, It Is a good plan to can it after the baking, as then It may bo kept somo time, and the flavor ob tained by baking Is more delicious than that of tho stenlng common to canned fruit. Drain oft the syrup from the bak ed fruit, and put it on to boll. Fill the Jais with the fruit, being careful not to make it mushy, then pour In th boiling syrup, working the spoonhandle well through tha mass to break any air bubbles. Then seal as usual. Mary J. Lincoln. G. W. Delano, South Waldoboro, Me. states: "I have used your Foley Kidnej Pills for lame back and kidney troublt caused by lifting heavy weights. It hat given me great relief. My wlfn was af flicted with bladder trouble and Foley Kidney Pills have cured her." .1. W O'Sulllvan, 21 Church street. CAdv STEAMED BROWN BREAD, Mix one and one-quarter cups of corn meul, onu cup of wheat meal or graham and three-quarters cup of rye Hour, one level teaspoon of coda and one-half level teaspoon of salt. Sift twice, then stir In two-thirds cup of molasses and two cups of sour milk. Beat and pour Into a but fered mold, and steam four hours. AGED RUTLAND MAV DIES. Rutland, Oct. 13. Alexander Moul den, one of the oldest men In the city, died this morning nt the home of hla kon after a few weeks' illness. Ho was 90 years old and a native of Eng land. Mr. Moulden served as a polloa man at tne first world's fair In 1851 at London. He is survived by two sons and two daughters In England, and s son, John, of this city. The funeral will bo held Tuesday afternoon at two o'clock. Mrs. Mary Bracken, another aged resident, died this nfternoon. She wit S5 years old anJ Is survived by a brother, John L. Downs of Washing ton, D. C. BAKED BEANS WITH TOMATO SAUCE. Soak two cups of beans in cold water over night, drain, cover with cold water and bring to tho boiling point, then cook until the skins will slip off when press ed between tho fingers. Put tho beans In an earthen pot, lay on a third of a pound of salt pork and cover with boil ing water. Let the beans bake one hour. Meanwhile make a sauce from one onion chopped line and cooked In a level table spoon of butter for live minutes, being careful that It does not bum. Add a bit of buy leaf, throe pepper corns, and a rounding teaspoon of flour. Huh smooth and cook two minutes, add two cups of canned tomato, a rounded teaspoon of sugar, cook quarter of an hour, then strain through a wire strainer coarso enough to keep back tho seeds, but not the pulp of the touinto. Add to tho beans nnd continue baking threo hours moro In u moderate oven with tho bean pot covered until the last half hour. G I NO EH PUDDING. Mix mm cup of molasses with ono cup of milk, ndd two tablespoons of melted SATURDAY'S FOOTBALL GAMES. At Hanover Dartmouth 55, Vermont o. At Worcester Norwich 6, Holy Cross 0. At Troy Rensselaer Polytechnic 38 Mlddlebury 7. At Cambridge Harvaul 25, Williams 1 At New Haven Yale 16, Lafayetto 0. At Mcdford-Tufts 23, New Hampshire At Amherst Amherst 11, Springfield J Massachusetts A. C, 12, Boston College a At Providence Wesleynn 7, Brown 6. At Hartford-Trinity 27. Bowdoln 0. At Orono Maine 18, Rhode Island 0. At Watervllle Colby CO, Fort Mr Klnlcy 0. At Exeter Exeter 6, Bates 0. At Schenectady Union 7, Worcestei Tech. 0 At Annapolis Lehigh 11, Navy 0. At West Point Army 19, Rutgers 0. At Princeton Princeton 31, Virginia 0. At Philadelphia Swarthmore 6, Penn sylvanla 3. At Ithaca-Cornell 11, New York 6. At Syracuse Carlisle .".0, Syracuse 0. .i:v STAIIK. (From the Washington Post i From the way Ettor and Glovannltti are being played up, wo have come to tht conclusion that the Metropolitan Oper company must consider them stars. A. M. Mason, a farmer living near Ca nann, Me., says; "Foley Kidney Pll! have entirely cured me of sciatic rheu matism caused by uric ncld In my blood It hns alfo removed numerous blaclr specks that were continually before mt eyes. I nni only too glad to say a goo,' word for Foley Kidney Pills." J W. O'Sulllvan, 21 Church stiect. (Adv.