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THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS AND TIMES: THURSDAY, JANUARY 14, 1015.
BRITISH REPLY IS FRIENDLY,
BUT INSISTS SHIPS' CARGOES
MUST BE TAKEN. INTO PORT
Concedes Principles of Ameri-T EXT OF ENGLAND'S
can Protest, but Finds Dif-! REPLY TO AMERICAN
ficulties in Putting Them in;
NOTE OF PROTEST ri"
'oroiyn Affairs to the
MAIN POINTS OF BRITISH REPLY.
tiitr. t niiiTi,
rnnio X .
( In food-
IVclnfifi commerce between neutral
with mil v when Imperatively nreessnr.v
l'i onus"" redress In certain cases.
Con ed( s that relations nf neutrals in e same nj In time
sscts Inti'iitlim to follow l.oiil Salisbury's doctrine .'
t ifC mil ' otidltlonal contraband.
In ,i iiwm desire to contest general principles of International
ciikat nitrr.iv n.iM.
Vlcges traudulont practices In shippers.
claims Increase, rather thnn decrease, In
sseits cargoes must he taken hit" port
lust illos departure from rules respecting
Knfai nd s enemies.
Sivs I'nlted Slates has channel! practice
Derisions of prize courts hae not lieen unfavorable to neutrals
ceitaln neutral commerce
for eMcnded examination,
contraband, by action of
regarding- manifests since.
"The British Secretary of State I'm
American Ambassador :
"ForeiKn Office. January Y, 1915:
"I have the honor to acknowledge receipt of your note of the
128th of December.
"It iV beinu-careit.Dv examined and the points raised in it are
receivi'ie; consideration as the :esn!t of which a icply shall be ad
dressed to Your Excellency dealing in dci.iil with the issues raised
'and the points lo which the United Slater government have drawn
attention. This consideration and the preparation of th" reply
will necssanly require some time and I. therefore, desire to send
without furt he. delay some preliminary observations which will, I
'ti'iist. help to '-lear the ground and remove "ome misconceptions
thai seem to evrist.
"Let me say at (nice that we entirely recognize the most
, friendly spirit referred to by Your Excellency, and that we desire
to reply in the same spirit and in the belief that as Your Excellency
.states, frankness will best serve the continuance of cordial re'a-
itions bet wet a the two countries.
th? export of som- "tides more
especially rulilier. hitvc Interfered with
((uiiiu 'l-clal Inleiests In the Fnlt'd
States. It Is of course dim. lilt for tils
Majest'n government to permit (he ex
port of ruliher from Miltlsh dominions
to the Hulled States at a tittle when nili
tier Is issentlal to belligerent iinliilrbs
for cm I ylni.' on the war, mid when a
new trade In expoitlng ruhher fiom the
I'nlted Slates III suspicions! law
(liiaiitllles to nelilial countries I, as
aetuallv spuing up since the war It
would he Impossible to permit the ex
port of ruhher from (Ileal Britain un
less the Hit III of Ills Malesty's gnverii
ment icl" admitted to suhmlt lo a pll."
i mil I onigoe.i of ruhher expoited from
tie- fnltcil Stales, which they believed
lo he destined for an eiiemv country and
reason. ihle latitude of action for this
purpose i1i' conceded. Hut Ills Mn.cst.'s
government have now pi ovlslonally come
Mo an ni iniigcntcnl with the ruhher ex
porters In (Ireat Btltnlp. which will per
mit of Ureses helm.; given under proper
I rtn a ran tees fo the expnil of lubber to
, the Fnlti d Slates.
NF.FTIIA I.S A BASK UK StTI'PLIF.H
Ollfrote(l Willi the growing
at neutral '-n"ht'l"H
UlV .VP li"'Ollle. (Ill .I "le
lillhelto iiii'o ei erh nled. a ease of "Ho
llies foi l ie ,ii mi'il soldier uf our ene
mies and for ninnriuls foi ni'inufiK tar
ing ainuitnent The ende Irtnres of Im
ports show how sluing thN teli'1"'.i'-y Is,
let v.', have i, inpl.iinl I" 'inl of,
far attltinli of the governments if those I
ountrics, which so far as We a
iM.e not d, pnitnl from piopct
ni'a!!i We eii(ei,Vor In thi
.1' 'in'' civ ! national nfety lo
i' i: ilanaer n.v lt'terceritlnr Roods rc-all.v
i. lined fn the i iii'iny, vlihour Interfer-
wi'h tho-- which (.re bona tide ue..i
nl -.In e th. oulhrv.k of the war the
. .mi, -el or thi Ftlltcd States hn-'e
.:'. 'd tholr :i!-".'lreis pine'!'.' and hvi
i.hllilled fie publication of manifests
'!! :Vi d'lvc a'tei' 'he depni-tti'p of
,1 from the fulli.l Stales ports. We
I. .id no Mocits slandl' for complaining of
'.is chang' mid Hd not i omplaln
ICinithilliil (nun page Icn.l
Ignrnusly expicssed iua lead i is nstinv
It Is miiiicIIiius our highest duty to op
pose what might seem overwhelming pub.
lie opinion. We ale here lo dellhelnte.
lo weigh the fuel", to legislate wisely.
I We must also take Into arcount the
iiapld chatiL'e tliat has occuricd In bttsl
I ness. social mid pollllcil Ideas. So lao
id has been this chnnaf that f'ntie bash'
lulni'lplev In danger of belmi n'cpt
inside to s.ilNfy the popula' will fine
'i' the m"-t "Vlib nl manlfetntln'is of
:thls elmiu'i' P. hr trndetl ' to olace ntion
riillUlfiHilin ,,,, ,..,., ..., ,,,,. ,rll
oo"r '111! I eHpo'islbl' 1 1 1" (h'll lle'eto
' fol'p re ''led 'Villi th" neijlli III' .nsclVes.
I .fust how far we a n utnl should ifo
j toward" pntental uovernniei I. will he
the 'pirs'lon ofK-i lo i. ciifiMldei ed In
jour del". i atlon ', and on ,lei m n itltw
will i' Mill:'" our wN'-si luiii.n nt
I'y .VI h n. stoveviment. me llilrus
illl he doui- hettev. lnon thoioimhly.
alii iiloi'' .'i on-imlciiltv thnn hy the pin
pic, or towns direct. We find l exoert-
iirp tlml th" Slat" s' oipd taki ilMiire,
lr n vi""- Innr. ,m,anre. if (.pr pulilti
"afeie. of otn courts, and pole e poiM't"
c.:tI "r our pnhllo health, and to f ci-
tnin ilea of our hr-nlH. and ?t'ite
On I'l.. "ihei- ban
nsi'Pe thn( It .voiil'l
( have our poop!.
the actle e.'.ioll'lbili:
with the ex' ptlmi of 1 1
y ... I neeesa orrieials. S'.t
i rlMit -0(, . Hale K DatlliiK imis In
'ducted Into riff Ire at th,. .ifletnoon sea
slnn of tin. Senate, linniedlateK follow
lni? the IniitiKUrnllnn of (lovernoi fintes
Tin' ileuleiiant-ffo.'ei poi -ebM't, .nt inlui
I i Seiiatois I'onant of OranKe and l.a
i l-'iniicl- of Mcnnlnxtun, waj escoited to
the chamber, where th( o.it'i of offJ
jwii- iidinlnlsleied lv Secretai" I'ae
I pon nmimlii!i the chair, the lieutenant
1 iT'ivet nor delivered his liinuuiiral a' fe
I UKT'T.-HOV. DAIll.lNti S AUIMIKSS
"At th" outset of our official rlitlis
,1 think It Is llttlnif that we shi' "l iccur
lo that at tide In our hill of Huht v.!iin
ibielnrrs. in substance, thnt all office
'uf sovoniinent, whether losllntlv m
eutlve, ate the truMeis and
of the people,
"t'pon this lody, as hrni"
letilslatP'e department, the peot
Slate have devolved a tr st !
tl in of whi -h i ai'tint e
"In the onm hilory o,' nr f th-'
p'n' h'l'li of its !e5-lJl;i(on nn 'ieeu
of n non-pat ti.ifin chnrr" te: nnd luh'i
so. b''ca.uso the welfaro of th.) whole
peolll" Is somethlni!
mil nil par'l-mi
Lnir.i that this irti .,
'Illes ol' i
trolllnR '.' i'
e O' lie, I nd
Cho'.' Improori' '
nt ih" ni' nib r
X'O- ha - h t -L.liln
one po'ltl .'
N'i'i.irel' .'. n n
i'le at'f't '
jiitili t "'
epe t l,. -.'.,r
i 'h'nlt r
riu, t tl
. tv ,i
n a tha
aslilncton. l)ei- l' tlreat Hrltalu's
oretlmitin iv r,.ilv in tin. init.. fi-nm tile
I'nlted StattM Kovei ntnniit i eiiucsllnp: .in
inTirm eineiii -n inr. I rcn r mi'il I ni vineii-
can commerce by the Hrltish licet was
made public here and In London to-day
ny iniuu.n aKree.meni oeiween tno main
Thi Dritlsh connnutikatlnn concurs In
in view or i ip I n ted Slate that com-
PUl'PhiUJ UU'I iiji ii i.iii "t uir "a-"
on Kl I Hill' '111 ' "ll-ll UC'i II nr. , I'lu-riiiis
nMT ill'1 unlit i nil'.-, in r;.-:ii i.. ni'i
un.lnM I,,t n...l 1,.AV,..tf1 lit
ne provjcuFiy nccepien usaccs 01 inicr-
iiiiiii.ii i .' -
Thr onl. formal coninient made to-
RmiMTi ov ecreiarv nivan. vno snio.
"This answer bolnc preliminary and
ill - ,11 .1... Full
VI A V 111 II' ll I "'III' . "I IIII It'll I lllllll III.; ilt
JTA IN ISSUl.S TIIITHKD TTON'
Hrlefly. the Brlrlsli note, whilo con-
ixlbii? the rirlnclnles of the xiner can
IcultleA In actual prnctlce, refers to al
eRed fniudulent practices hy shlprK-rs
nl cites stntlstics showinK an Increase,
ather than a decrease In certain neutral
ommerce, in support ot Great Britain's
lave been indirectly obtaining contra
iand through neutral countries. Tho
lote promises, however, that Great
he action of the nritlsh fleet "may un-
ntentionally exceed" the limits of Inter
While thev are generally reserved In
heir ' omment. It may be stated authnrl
atlvely mat high officials of the fntted
lote aa entirely friendly and blevi;,
uorcover, that the discussion which will
ollow it will be carried on in the samt
ein with a desire on tho part of both
ountrlc to reach a patlsfaetory unrter-
ADMITS IMPORTANT POINT
The admission by (5re.it Britain of one
I ill" f'lui'L nun Lf- .11 inf. i mpnrnn nili
H.nl V" pnn,lnr I. .n.,l..-la
vere inose ol normal limes, or oeaci
nd not of war -was Rratlf Im; to offl
lals. who believed that the controversy
voiim nov res"ivo ilou into a irnnK ois-
ussion of what were the actual neces-
I.. .... .1 ...I.Ul . 1 I...
nrenoe d.v a neiuperent ivnen suspocutiK
that the ultitnatc destination of a neutral
caico Is belligerent lenllnrv.
The statements bronchi forth to show
that lomnii'iee between the I'nlted State
and neutral cnuntrb s contlciiouH to fier
muny and Austria had increased mate
ilally since the outbreak of the .ir were
leaarded here an nilvlniiillnfr. It was
pointed out that In view of the breakim;
down of the normal routes of commerce
with Germany nnd Austria many non-con
traband products liad been shipped i di ess
through neutral countries. Similarly the I
neutral countries which previously had
obtained much of their supplies, from
belllpercnts were now ImportlnR from the
STIII'MFNTS OF I'Ol'PKIl.
As to the increase In shipments of cop
per, to Italy, It was pointed out thnt the
Italian ambassador bin' already explain
ed thnt Italy, which had previously ob
tained copper from Uermany and Austria
for her manufacture", now was forced n
Import from the 1'nited St.iles because
of the embargo on exportation which th"
belligerents themselves had Imposed.
The admission of Great Britain that
as to foodstuffs and conditional con
traband.. Fjord Salisbury's doctrine. (tint
ed In the American note would be fol
lowed In practice by the British, food-
mly when iicMiucd
alo was pleasiipr
liiUl.V ( . lpKl ,l.S II
.1 b th" . in '1111' ll f dii'i. i '
s that a i "Your ell
between 1 particular s'ih"
s such , which n:r
Is necessary in proti ct th" howevei, 'up
national -afety. and theiimt the pi'"- 'i!
ext' nt to which this is iic es- linum. which
ha'! endeavor to Keep our to Sweden ai
' 1 1 is .M .' .- "o. 'i':i' 'i at
j concur In th. iiilnclplc euun n'
covernmeiit of the frdted St.) I
I belllKcrclit. in dealing with trade
neutrals, shall not Interfere .ml
of It must ti" to Increps'- the
of a-'-certii'tilntr the prcinv'e
and and lo lender nee. 'ai'
.rents "I our national safety
only to tin
action within the limits of this principle ,iPMr,. n.,
on the understandlm; that It admit.- our
Irltflit to interfere when sie-h
llcv (Ii'cm ;i(i'. i,i
"I f Of I llppej I I
. r. d.'taiiie.l Tt
:.o of .'"pper ai'.il
iio'iith dclinlteh o.
ac'drdluR I" piK.ah
Hw ! ii
te a i .
Interference ) ..,,,.
lis not wl'h hunnfle' trade between the "i .annot
possession nl Hi'
;1 t..r i
I'nlted States and another tieutrat ( nun
try but with tralle In contraband destined
for the cm my's country nnd wo arc
r(.id, whenever onra"tlon may uninten
tionally exceed this principle, to make re-
"Wi. think that much misconception ex
ists as to the extent to which We have
In practice interfered with trade Voue
Kxcellcncy'i note wcem to hold Ills Ma
jesty's LTovernirent respoti"lble tor the
present condition of trade with neutral
countries and it h t,it.i. thnt. throm:h
the action of Ills Majesty's Kovernmen'
the pioducts of the creat Industries of the
I'nlted Stales have he,. ,1. tiled loni es
tablished markets In Kuropean c.iiintrien
will di though Mcutial. are coutliruniis to i ,,.tain
the seat of war. Surh a result Is tar
from helm; the Intention r Ills Malesty's
poverniiK ni and they would exceedingly
reiri-tit that It should be due to their ac-
llcVi. that with sti'-h lluntes
iheloie them and In Mich inses, n. fio'e
Just mentioned, the soverumeiit of the
I'nltid Sta'.s would (ineitinii Hie
propiiety ol the action of Ills .Mnlen s
Lrovei nnient In taklim suspected raism"
to a prl7.e coin t and wi an .onvlnccd
that it nnuot be In a 'cotd with the wlsl1
either of th.. Koveniinenl or of th" pen
pie of the flitted States to "train the
International coIe in Invor of pilvate
lntirets so as to prevent ilmat Hiltaln
f i inn tnkluK such lenitltnale means lor
Ibis purpose as ate in her p.-wer.
.stuffs belriR h'-ld up
to an enemv force.
to American officials
I'.NITKD STATHS WIM, DISSKNT.
Theie is every reason to belie' e that
the flitted Stat".s will not accept the
view of dieat Britain Unit iarci"s must
be taken into port lor extended ex
amination. Wldh stntU'ics aiUaiiced
show that only to carRoes out of 77" have
actually gotten Into prb.e lourts. officials
here not.- that no mention Is made in
the British note of the Kivat number of
American mruoes detained and sub
sequently released. It was not the Ios
already suffered by American commerce
which brouKht forth the American note
but the desire to prevent commerce In
the future from beliiK mistreated
Officials roKardcd ft-s novel the arKii
mcnt of Great Britain that it could not
give unlimited adherence to the rules
with respect to conditional contraband
destined for belllRerent countries because
Britain's enemies had departed "from
hitherto accepted rules of civilization
A a whole the note of the British Gov
ernment was regarded as satisfactory.
thouRh tho state department will mar
shal statistics and facts to dispute some
of if. contentions.
tlnn. 1 have 'cell unable to obtain com
plele o- conclusive flRureK showlni; what
the state of trade with these neutral
countrle" has hon recently and I .'in.
therefore, oulv ask that sotni I'nither
consideration should be jrlvcn as to the
question whether Unlttd States trade with
thes" neutta! I'niiiitrlis has been o seri
ously affected The only tluures as to the
total volume of trade thnt I have seen are
those foi the exports troni New Vork,
for the month of Novembei, 191":
KXPOKTS I'IGfRKS ( 'f'M l'A ItF.P
"Exports from New Vnrk for Novem
ber. 1IMH. nnd November, toll, respective
ly: Denmark. .i0; .J7,l'1.e)0. Sweden,
$S17.('" !t;,s,V,ii. Norw.iv, $t77,eon:
si:ix.fiiH of r-M)HTi'fi-'
, "ltll IV-'llfll to III" selZUIC ill flll.ii-
stulfs tn which Youi lOxcellency lifers.
I Ills Ma.icsn '" '.'ovi ruui' nt ale pi"pa"ed
, to admit that I'oi.ilMulis should not be
I and put Into a pri'e court w Ith- 1,11,,
out pi I'Siituptlon thai lhe are Intended
for the ,11 dim mri i-s- of the enemy or j
the eiietu. Kovcruincnt. We believe thitj
thl tide has bein adhered to in practice
hitherto, but If Hie fnlted States rhv- 1
ei linn nl have Instam cs to th" 'ontia".v
we aie prepared to examine them ..i.d!
1 , 'h" !r.t
l,-e 1 xau.'nutl'i't nrd Ae'entlon of more!
'hips thnn would hav bier, the case If j
':'i fin met- -ira-lice had contlii'ied
TO ATT ONLY ON fONTItA BA NP
'I'eiidiiiK .t rn.ii-i detailed reply, f
would conclude hji sarins that Ills'
Majesty'" Bin el iiineiit do not desire to
contest the ueneral principles of law,
mi which they understand the note of
the fnlted States to be based and de
sire to lo-trlct theli action solely
Interferences with coin "nband destined
for the enemv. Ills Majesty's Rnvcrn
, lii'-nt are prepai ' d. whenever a oircu
comint; fiom the fnlted States Is de
! tained. lo explain the case on which
'such detention has taken place, and
would jjlai'ly enter into nii.v arranKc
I nient b. which mistake" can be nvold
1 ed and reparation sectif. d promptly
I w hn any injury to the neutial own
ers of 11 ship or rurKii has been ini
ptopetly caused, for thev aie must de
sirous In the IntercM both of the fnl
, ted States and of other neutral coun
. tiles that British action should not
lnterfete with the normal importation
; and use h the neutial countri"" of
iioils from the fnlted States
"I have the bonol to be. with the
1 1 Z 1 1 S 1 1 1 1
Ion of the
St! 'i .1 ondltlnn It
-eeni" to tne wolllil il""t.iv 1 lif 511 ntest
"ifeiinar.l w have lo our bmh po'.'ti
Indlvldnai a.'tlvliv. i-"-poiislblllt.v ami
Independenc' . Veimont hit" not (tone far
astrav In this ninttet, and has wis. U
chosen a course between thr two "V-tl-eme".
To r inpl.aslze till" pnlnt bv wa
of IIIiiMiatlnn. let me refer to our high
way depart nienl the depart'ueiit with
which I 11 ii most familiar. I'm- ycvr.il
ye.ii" there Im ' 11 an lrre.v"ia'ile de-
inand that the tate .iiun.- aiiv.. com
plete eoiut'i' "f th" "oust rin thai and
maintenance of our piincloat hlirhw.iva.
This We hae radually dune dntiiii: the
lfsl fishl ea'rs, making an inlvaiv 1 at
each seS"lon. not be takini; ot our
Slate roads entlreb and bondlns the
for ttieir consiriictior. a other
have flone. but bv retaining the
1 11 opl"
11 1 11 r
. l(" s 11,-
( Npe. 1 ,1
Sill ill ,
II" ' g slativ
of a i" vol'
in the a'nv
.1 ml d'Hi .' tch
Is a t el; will
p. is. - .irnestl;. 1
Arid in apnealii
1 in. 'r
" lib vinn
: t 11
in be ar. p
ntlo'i 1 1
. of th" inan.i tnVtikf. I it"
' ciinunit. a nd f-o 1 i' " i'
' 0111 ration in n'l Hm I 1 . u
to pi omote tip- ff - t' n uf
and to i.xpollte it" w.ck I f.
1 am but a lit tel pa tint: vln; v.,
"In the work of this
. I th.
"er;-e ' r.
sponslblllty nnd opportunlt- n't'; r-i't
ii"- and It would seem that no I.cy'i'a
tuie In our hlston.' as a State 'ru 1"
confronted by questions nrr
momentous Importance ihin some nf
those with which this se""ii.n Till ha
ft deal. But we neeil no' be nr a 'ed
If we set ilt!S"hes I'esniqtelv an'
dlllgentlv to the tail; be.fi.r is. ar.l fre
oueii'lv recur to the fiindaniTta 1 r 1
clple that W" a-e the trutrr.s ami pp.
vints of the peonl" and ne.-, r fnrcet
that the faithful 1 Xe( utlor of " m.o
1- the goal thnt we "ur sei: t.i utii,
ennnot fall to nuet the re-iio ah "
'I consideration. Ymir
- most obedient humble
(Signed) "i: l
TO IUrILD HIGH
TENSION ELECTRIC LINE
It Is our piesenl inl( nt'oll I" adhele In
the rule, thoii'ih we cannot give an un
limited and tun ondlttotinl tinilertaking In
; v lew of the ihpoiturc by those against
'whom we ate lighting fiom bltb.'tto ac- j
cepled rules of 1 h lll.atlou and hunianllv
and the tnieei flinty as to the extent to
which such rules may be vhilat d by
lliem in future.
Angus! lest to the
FREIGHT Cftfl DITCHEO
llgli Wind Blew nr I pnn Mnln
Truck mill Sleeper frimbril
.ii-KiuieuiiiA, .juii. 1. . """.in
tandlng on one of the side tracks
down upon the main line early
nomine, during the wind storm,
ho result thnt the car was struck by
lie northbound express, while going
hrough here about four o'clock this
nornlng at the rate of 30 to 10 miles an
our mo trnlglit car was tnrown mi"
lie ditch and one of the cylinders of
lie nglne and a part of the cab were
a ma ged
Pew passengers were on the trnln,
npn was ueiave.u nnolit two limits.
veral tails were broken and two
win hen woie put out of order.
The sevcio wind storm did consider
lik ilatnagi ImaMng windows, dam
irlncr t lenhone and leli-cranh wires.
SMC FOB SEMINARY
lleiiui'sl In Vliinlpellrr schonl In Will
nf llrs. M'nrd nf Oiiii-vllle.
Montpelier, Jan. 8. Announcement of
an endowment of $10,000 to Montpelier
Seminary by the late Mrs. Ward of Dan
villo has been rondo by the Uev. P. H.
Blodgett of I.yndonvllle, who with
Mrs. Blodgett have been visiting here.
Mr. BlndKett Is one of the lioaid of
visitors from the Vermont Methodist
conference to the seminary.
ALLEN M. FLETCHER
fi.nt i.etlf.i .Ian. 7 Rf'tlrbiL- Oovecnor
nd Mrs. Fletcher held a reception n the
tate Ilnuse this evening for Governor
...t. 'Cii,(.r It. Mm I'wi'lvlni. linn iv.rn
lr and Mih Allen M Fletcher, fiover
or ChnrH-! W Gates, Miss Killth Gates,
x-I,lcut -Gov and Mrs. Frnnk K. Howe
nil Lieut -Gov and Mrs llnle K
Poultry Show Ends.
Montpelier .Inn, 7. The ninth an
ual exhibition of the Vermont Poul
Montpelier, Jan. 7 -The Joint, canvass
ing committee, to canvass votes for conn
tv officers met this afternoon and can-
vased votes for all counties except J
Addison. The committee adjourned until
7:20 next Tuesdny evening when they
will meet in the supreme court room.
Tho piolmte judgeship of Now Haven
district In Addison county Is contested
by Frank W. Tuttle and K. A. Ilasscltine.
John G. Sargent will upnear for the
foimer and George W Wing for the
latter Attorney-General Barber will
repiesenl the canvassing committee
Worcester, Mass., Jan. 7. Miss nose
Kmllv Rlmckett of Newport, Vt., and
James Foster Spook of this city were
married to-day in th" home of the
v association closed thlR evening, j groom's parents, 7f. Paine street, rtnv
B. I Jennings, pastor of the Grace
M. VS. Church officiated. Th wed
dine which was ouletlv observed was
attended only by the closest friends
and relatives of the young couple.
After a honeymoon trip to New York
Mr nnd Mrs Speck will reside In Wor
cester where the hrldegrooni Is In
business and well known In rluli cP
fflce n of the association statin that
was one of the most successful ever
inducted There were 1,115 birds ex
ihlted and although there were not
1 many different breedB nr. In prior
ears the quality has been better and
competition much close The
st of the nwnrds were made vester-
thr ilav being occupied in the
lllj'lll Itl'il UIKJ SlUU Ul UIIUU. j LIU
Sl'.ixi. Italy. :'.''71. rl; SI,7M.mn Holland, I
"It i" true thai there may have been
a falling off In cotton exports, as to
which New York figures would be no
guide, but His Majestv's government
have lieeq most careful not to interfere
wltti cotton and Its place on the free list
has- been scrupulously mal'it. lined.
"We do not wish in la.v ton much
stress upon Im omplete statistic"; the
tlgures above are not put forward as
conclusive; and we are prepared to ex
amine anv further evidence with re'.-ard
to (he state of trade with thc-e neutral
countries which may pnlnt to a different
conclusion or show that It i th" action
of Ills Malesty's gnvei tinieiu In partic
ular, and not Hie existence of stale of
war and consequent diminution of pur
chasing power and shrinkage of trade,
which Is responsible for adverse effects
upon trade with the neutral countries.
Am'KHSH ICFI-Ki'T Of WAll.
"That the existence of a state of war
on such .1 scale has had a veiy advefe
effect upon certain great Industries such
as cotton, Is obvious, but ll Is submittiil
that this Is due to Ihe geneial cause of.
diminished putchaslng power of such
countries .is Future. Gcrniniiv ami the
fnlted Kingdom, ratio r than tn Inter
fered' with tinde with neutral ruiin-l
tries. In the matter of cotton. It may '
be lecalled that the British i-overnment
gave special nsslstnnce thiough the Liver
pool cotton exchange to the tenewal of (
transactions In the cotton tinde of not'
only the fnlted Kingdom, hut of many
"Your Hxcelleiuy's note refcis lu
particular lo the detention of cupper. The
tlgures taken from official returns for
the expoit of copper from the fnlted
Stales lor Italy for the months during
which the war has been In prngiess up
to the end of the tlrsl three weeks of
Pecember are as follows:
"Nineteen thirteen: Fifteen million two
hundred two thousand pounds.
"Nineteen fourteen: Thirty-six million
two hundred and elghty-llvo thousand
pounds Norway. Sweden, Denmark and
Switzerland arc not shown separately for
the whole period in the fnlted States re
turn, but are Included In the heading
'(liber Hiirolm' (Hint is Kuropn other than
the fnlted Kingdom, llnssla. Fiance.
Belgium, Austria, Germany, Holland and
Italy). The coriespondhig llguies under
this bending are as follows:
"Nineteen thirteen: Seven million two
hundred and seventy-one thousand
pounds. Nineteen fourteen: ThliO-llve
million three hundred nnd forty-n.ven
COPPKIl IS FOR GKHMAN Y
With such figures the presumption Is
very strops that tho bulk of copper con
nlenecj to these countries has recently
been Intended not for their own use but
for that of a belligerent who cannot Im
port It direct It Is, therefore, an Im
perative necessity for the snfetv of this
countr wldli It is nt vvai 'bat His Ma
le.it' s gov rnmrnt should do all In their
"From the foiiitb of
third of January, the nm.ilier u steam-
I ships, pioccdllng from Ihe fnlted States i
I Il.ttne.l 1 Iiimiii'i, I. V..,.t',ii Sl'veilcM '
and Italy has hem seven liuuilreil and
seventy-three. Of these theie are 1.1 which
have had consignment" or cargoes placed j
In the prize lonrt, while of the ships
themselves only eight have been plnccd In
the jirl.e coint and one of these has
since been leleased It Is, howevei, ('"
m ntlal undei modem conditions that
where there is le.il gioimd tor suspect
ing the piescnce ol contraband, tho ves
sels should be brought Into port for ex- 1
amln.itlon: In no other way can thr right I
of seaich be exercised, ami but for Ibis
prm tin it would have to b.. eiunph'teh 1
abati'lolH'il Infiiriiiatloii was leeeiveil b
us thai special iustruclinns bad 1 11 I
given in ship lubber troin the fulled j
Stales under another ileslgnatlon lo w 1
cape notice and sneli ins'-.- have occuirid '
In several Instances. Hilly h search In a '
port can such cases, when suspected, be
illscoveied and ptoved. The necessity for
examination lu a port inav also he illus- '
Hated by a hypothetical Instance, con
nected with cotton, which has not vet oc- j
(Hired. Cotton Is not specllleal'y men-j
tinned in Your Kxcelleney's note, but I
have seen public statement., urnle In the
fnltid Stales lh.it the attitude of Ills'
Mujesl.v's government with icg.inl to
cotton has been ambiguous, and theri-b.v
responsible for dcpiessjon In ihe cotton I
tunic There has never been nnv founda
tion for this allegation 11. s Mn.testv's
government have never put cotton on
the list of contraband; they have through-
I out the war kept It on the free list; and 1
011 every occasion when questioned on the I
point, the.v have stated their intention 1
of adhering to this prfu tlce But Infor
mation bus- Iciched us that, precisely be
cause we have declared our Intention ol '
not Interfering with cotton, ships carry-
Ing cotton will be specially selected to
cnirv concealed font raband : and we have
been warned that (upper will he concealed
In bales of cotton. Whatever suspicions
we have entertained, we have not so far
made these a giound for detaining nnv
shin 1 allying cotton; but, should we have
Information giving us ical reasons to be
lieve In the case of a particular ship that
the bales of cotton conceiled 1 upper or
other contraband, the only wa to prove
our case would be lo examine and weigh
the bales: 11 process that cuuhl be call led
out only bv bringing the vessel Into a
port. In such u case, or If examination
Instilled the net inn of Ills- Majestv's gov
einipe'it. Ihe case shall be biought be
fore a pil.e court and (halt with In th"
m illnnr.v wny
Till- MlllA.Mli III c SK.
That th" decisions of British pri.e
(units hitherto have not heen uufavor
a ie to neutrnls, Is evidenced bj the
decision Jn the Mlrnnih hi in-ie Tills
cube, which vvas dechlo! .tgaipsi Ihe
clown, laid down thai the ImeilCHii
shlppei ivni to h" paid even when he
bad sold n cargo and when the risk
of loss after the enrgo had been shipped
did not ripply to him at all
"It has fiutlier hi en lepiiHentrd lo
Ills Milesty's government though this
subi.'t Is mil de ilt mm u, ym )N
Rutland, Jan x -Another great stride
in the ciiiiseiv atloti of th, water power"
of lliitland eonntv and the dnw lutnm-nt
of the much talked of "Vermont vvlibe
(oil" hns heen ciwiimmateil within th"
last lew days vi.ili the signing of a con
tract betweiii the lliitland Biilwav Light
and Power cotiiianv and the Vermont
Marhb coinpativ of Proctor vv hereby a
high terplon Hit'' will be constructed con
nect Inr. the Proctor station with the Mcii-
'don stntlon nf the Kutland coinpanv, pio
I vidlng a line for the exchange of power as
convetib nt to the two concern" In thi"
wa lb" 1'rocior company will be able to
send juice ov ei the wile during the high
water periods ol' the jenr, allowing the
lliitland companv to take greater nd
tage of their immense stoia
('hlltendep and Fast Pltf-fnrd
as the unit, recognizing the towin
as partners, and aiding liberally such a"
Will help themselves. tllllS cilCOUiagtllg
Individual rffcrt and stimulating town
pride, until rv-ry town In the State but
two ha taken advantage of the law
ai sometime since Its pa"Raee. ThU plan
l producing live tupeten! road men
In every part of the State, and has ileve'.
oped a growing, healthy sentiment,
which no doubt ha- resulted In a gi eater
Improvement for the monev expended j
than would have been possible under com- 1
plete Stat" eontl'i'l. I
Tli" teiiiletiev- trivnrrl. n lil'irer ile'-l e" 1
of Stat- eontml m this and In other .1.- v
Ipiirtmeut" brings forcibly to our ntteii-
I tlnn the matter of Slate expeii-" This I'ltHrilDKNT l'( iWFLL'S Aim
'ha" st.adllv grown lu voIuiik during th" Senator Pow.-ll nf fhlttind-i
'last ten vents and h.i been crlveu wld- t.iMna th- oath a," president j.,
tiubllellv By .nie this Increase I" deem- spoke as follow-
led loo large fiom everv standpoint: by
lOtbet" It I" (b-enied none tun large. If
lvalue Is n celved.
! careful peiusal .1 the lepnits of the
i different State (leiiartmenrs will rev.-n'
jibe f.n t that almo-l eveiy depaitment Is
growing, and inanv of them will need
.larger appi-ont intlon". if we permit their
I growth and nict the demand'
Vermont Is not backward in Its views
Our people will not balk at expense that
want lei go
b.ii'.d foi a
ns well as
Is neci sary They do not
without those things that
h. iter citizenship, or for
het prouoerlty. We need
tn build Well for Vel'lllOtlt-
lour finances will permit. Bui till fact
Iconfionts us in our deliberations this
ivear I- aiioui tne lurmng poini in our i
"' . '.. . ... .!.... I.... I I
facilities lU ' ' 11 ,1( linnilliai nua unu. in-ie iiiiii-rt.-'
ed expenditures troni vvnniever cause;
will have lo b" met by a direct Statej
.U,UIHI IJAll.-tiEi rtUII Unl ((l faVo,-nble balance sheet. F.verv
FOLLOWS DEATH OF ,l,,K.(.SMirv e.xpene should be cut out, .
MN IN QUARRY mr I It ms of new expense lo the State!
s'lould be eareruliv serutinizen, even
iii.nip.i tlii.li- nnniose Is en'lrer- Inudal'le
."' ' ',, " nnd desirnbl" I am l-nilndeil here of the I diem
ti - . . . ,-
aid (i Hob- Pbrase m our run..
I reads "A nd ivei ions
n ide to i-n t-r a tax
, whl. h I' '- I" .''
'evident t" th
nvrvh ( to the
"Mr. President and Fellow Senators
"For the high honor whirl' von have
conferred upon ni" with sin Ii 'inan'mltv
I lieattlly thank you.
"N'o Senate of the Stat. ' Vei mon'
cv-r faced graver problems ,r iss imrd
weightier responsibilities tli.lr this Sen
at. and this General As'em.Mv
' The Senate Is not b debating sncle'v
We usually settle our (inferences In th
committee room or bv 'icart to heart
talks and mutual adjustments That Is
the best way to legislate.
"The State of Vermont is expetlne ( '
tlilr- General Assembly, and this Gonern
Assemblv owes to the State of Vermont
a great service, ajid that is, that we re
turn to early pnutices whtrh exleted
prior to rC the practice of short se.
"Of t'i" iv State in the fnion. W
have a time 'inilt of dv or less
The giea.t State of Keniw has a hle.nnU'
session lasting, bv constitutional provis
ion, only .VI dnvs. and the members re
ceive a per diem of three dollars Th
great State of Missouri has biennial e
Jan Dauiiii,. s nl
Wililhi-np L I Hi. is.
e i stale of lib
I! .1! illtnl
toi' ot th
ells, who w.i.. killei' l. a .p.irry "1
dent at I 'unlet l.i r t suni.n. f, In an ncllon
lnstliiit.il in Rutland n'untv unit th.s
.ifteiiiiMin tn Attotnev .1 i' Jones a;
iit'nine.v foi Mi. Diivls against t'liomas
T Williams- (li.'i.ivilb. N. Y. a sl.its
ma ntifa -t urei . owning quarries In this
State The iwipers in the i.'isc were serv
("1 this week b.v Depnt Slieriff A f.
Mason nnd tin i use is -et urnab'.e e" the
Mnr. h term or eouit
DEATH OF FORMER
in T.v law being
e Durixise for
1 (in-ill' to appear
1 "gis'at'-i'e :-i be more
onimuaity ban the money
eiKinnis. Jntj 7 Tie B.v llerbeit
A Wood a former pastor of tin- Metho
dist Fpiscop'il Chinch of this ciU. died
at his home al Kast vuogue. I.ong
Isl.ind, on Monda.v. lie 'vas for e.irn
,i incinber of the Tro.v conference, but
for the past few years had been coti
neciid with the New Vmk . nst con
ference Mt Wood had been 111 fur sev
eial ninnlhs. While serving thr church
it Yeigcnnes, us well ns In other Ver
mont pustulates, Mr. Wood was most
sqi ssful and Is kindly rrmeiiiben-d b.v
all (lases The funeral was held at
Albany Thursda.v, the Itev. Lyman I).
Cook. I I. officiating. The burial vu
In the Albany lluial cemeteiy M
Wood Is suivlveil b.v his will and two
nephews. Funic. Wood of Albnny and
John Wood of Scln iiectadv
would be If not
Well be oil!' guide
Hons. 1 am quit
good JtnlRTnent m
pendtil rp."n l
i The exp- ns.
I heavy under t' '
'siauces. This fe i
'deter ns from tl
.r ' i. d " TI.1- might
i ni.iMiig appriTrla
..i.ti.i.'nl that the
.,.,1 ,- . an be cie
.b'.s ni'itt."- nt-
, ii'ect'ng hi; iv 's
i: t favoitihle clivuni
should not, however.
fullest elellbri ntlon I
Important nieasutes. Iniule-lll-consldereil
legislation might .
I .el ii s t .u'b
lo the Stite
f ii'ine harm
enib nvui' to eliminate
lislatlon. and undue d
lasting only 70 days with a pir
of three dollars The creat State
of Oreion ha blennltU sesskme lasting
only 10 (1rti, and tjhe meniVor reoMve a
per diem of threw dollars Indituja, Ke.n
tuclo'. Lotrinlnnn. Nrtironlai North Da.
kotn atKl Waahlrinori 'v Iro wnoivs
the 'i-daj- State.
"We ore pledger", to a mlary tss!s
Kconofny nnd rMrenchmotit hv bm
In every Stnte political platform for
many yvars It ha been like n rilruad
i platform, ciy to gftt 1n on and ns sllv
nnd quickly forgdtten. Now the State
demands and expects of this Gftneral As
sembly lewfflntlDti In the line of (vKriomy
nnd retrencJiment lt Us begin, then,
this raform with oui selves arul set suoli
an ex-ample of tunomy of tlm ar.d
service that fumie Eni"Vtion shall
use .ip dnd Cflil us bl swsl '
The c'ltnmlttees, the make up of which
the '.im'. nant-govoi nor has given much
.iileutiim md thought will be announced
mi Fri'lav moinltif
Sen.it "is J'oweil of Chittenden Hi-ovv
(.( nroper I. ilslatlon. Let us claim credit
i... ,,,,,,, I, ir bills we do mil Intro-,
he number we do In- "iniisor aim .'.mini ... ...iiiin.u'.i
'were named as tne nomniliiee on nuns.
uowiir Ul mUiu uucJi part of this Inipurt of cellcnc) a note, that oui cinhatgocH on
firs! lo be held under the change
Constltulh'ti be conspicuous toi the nual-
ttv of Its work coiupletcd In the shorte-d
I time consistent with thoroughness, nnd
we will best cive the Suite, and our if
J forts are ccttnln to be appreciated.
! 1 deem It uiiwhe nt Ibis Utile to go Into
llfi 11 on the vnrlous subject!, that will
, engross our attention, such as direct
Iprlmntv woikincn's compensation,
'the ludlciar.v, cduc.illon. agriculture.
and such changes 111 our statutes
DISTRICT MEETING OF nsar.v to mnform to
ROYAL ARCH 'MASONS I'xir chnniMl con-tlliitlnn Fducational
I matters on account of their Imporlnnce
S. V.bansMan i-Tho .mi .Ml con-!"1" 'T ""M ";" "'
sodillon of the llrst Masonic district of ' Ibis connection, -t me refer to thr,
oval Ar.li M.isa-ns. ,.,.,: of HI., '" "lr"1"1,,s;l1 J1' , w- "Z-
;.,, r. AMui.g Ln.ave.te ,',,..' eelved fv.,, the 1 Ion heodoicN Villi.
Knosbnrg I ..UK. and . 'haniplaiu Chap- l-vi,.lovllle. who ..ffers Ihe Lyndon
.,. f this .-tv. opened with champlaln , A'--,'l'lu"'i" !"'n""1 l""'1'"-''11 f"""-.
Chapler this afli i uoon at 'our o'clock. I fullv equipped, as a free gift te the State
Th. Maik Master degre. was cotirrnvd f' "' educational purposes. Vom favorabl..
on candldales furnished by Cha niplaln ! consldcialion of this oHcr Is most earn
chaptrr Supper was scu ed al the ' ''f-tly lecomnu'iide.l.
Ainetlcan Bouse I'ollowliig the rcceptloi, I will be glad to communicate with
of grand lodge oflbers Ihe work of the'yon later as occasion niny require, nd
Itnyal An h d' Siee was rxempllllcd byjln connection with nil Ihese matters I
Cbampbiln chapter Theio were remai ks . pi omise you m best eforts, and I shall
grand lodge officer About so lln al ; need your Kii'U coiiMueration anu assisi-
snce I request you Individually to give
i ni,. at anv time such views .is volt may
wish to expies on legislation of Impoit-
a in '
I extend I" Mill im
fm the Me ' i -fit'
due. nithei than
I In "Intel. let Ibis session, the
llirlk, ...... n . . ... VX'.II.
Ill our ! vv line nciiamrs v-ohmiii. "i "null"-. " i"
of ltutlnnd and Plvoll of ItivikinghHiu
comprlso the committee on jolip rules
Chairninn Powell of the committee on
rules Introduced the new nil"s for the
Senate, which were adopted The rules
as adopted arc revised simply to conform
to the changes In the constitution
BALL THIS YEAR
Montpelier. Jan. P. Thor xrlll he nt
Inaugural ball this year, said Governoi
Gates to-dav. In this mntter he is foi.
lowing the precedent established by
Governor Fletcher two years ago as
well as his own convictions,
Whether any substitute for the gov
ernnr's ball will be held during ladles
week has not been delet mined, hut wll'
he decided soon
The business side rather than the
soclnl side of the legislative session
nppenls to the g-overnnr and he is not
koIiik out of his way to furnish any
Arch Misons attended the meeting
K soiiiehodv. te.lls yui thai tills is not
e; ,nv"iabli time to wll icnl istnte. don't
a.gue with him but sn nhead and
.. I th'"ltHll .1 "HI "I "I
iuh ci IIhIiisT
henitv i.oo.1 wishes
oulromi' of Ibis
W'hats thai piece of cord lied ,rv ne.
your finger for?"
"My wife put ll there ti :
post a letter '
' Nnd did vol sist it
N i Mi. "! "in 1. 1 H i h ii i n