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THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS AND TIMER: THURSDAY, JANUARY 14, 1915.
The WKUKLY FRF.13 PRESS, 3 cent niont 1311," the llrst (Ikuich Indicating
. cr copy, tO cents for six months. H.OO t)0 yrnr jn which tho department began
per year, Mostngo paid.
Advertisements and subscriptions re
ceived nl the office, AO College .treet.
Full advertising rnteg sent on implica
tion. Accounts cannot he opened for subscrip
tions, Subscriber. will please remit with
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ped at the end of the time paid for.
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lishers, The date when the subscription expires
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the change of which to a subsequent
Inle becomes a receipt for remittance,
S'o ithor receipt Is sent unless requested.
The receipt of the paper Is n sufficient
eeelpt for the first subscription.
When a change of nddrers Is desired,
loth the old nnd new addresses should
IVriits R'.'ll) n 1 rar. In Adtnnec.
l.tlM li.v iiintl S5l.no n yenr In niivnncc.
VVeK S CANADA I
, su.oo n yenr In mlvnnee.
r.l'.Ul. $2.m n yenr In niKnncc.
l-ItiJH "IU ASSOCIATION,
'nlilUlicrs, llnrlliigl.iii, Vt.
Its work. Attached to tho wntoli Is a
handsome link chain with n pocket fob
In tho shape of a gold handled knife.
On tho back of the watch Is a fine mono
grnm of the Governor's Initials.
That (lovernor dates Is to maintain
close relations with the department In
which ho has helped make Veimonl pop
ular with tourists Is Indicated by tho
uplrit which Is manifested by the mipei
vlsors. and especially by the a,ble roaxl
man selected as his successor as State
highway commissioner, former County
Supervisor Stoddard Hates of Orleans
Mr, Bates has boon a thorough believer
In the methods of road construction pur
sued In Vermont, and being well versed
In those methods and In hearty sympathy
with tho policies In operation, It Is safe
to sav that under his administration of
the department Vermont's roads will
continue to Improve and to supplement
our benuttful scenery In the Green
Mountain State, a meccn for tourists.
BURLINGTON. THURSDAY, JAN. It,
Vt hen you want anything, advertise.
In thi new special column of this
paper. Some bargains are offered
thero this week which It will pay you
to read about. See page twc. This
paper has more than 3i,oP0 readers
every week and one cent a word will
reach thorn all.
Tho present trond of sentiment appears
to bo In favor of limiting the pay of
members of the legislature to n sum not
to oxcz-cd $300 for tho session, let the
length thereof be what it may. The
chief question now Is whether to mate
thn compensation of tho Uiwmakers a
lump sum of the amount named or
whether to establish a per diem, with a,
provision that the total for each mem
ber shall not exceed 3i)n.
niiNnriTs ok coixncsKs to thosi
NOT (iAni ATi:,
The theory that only those who attend
college are benonted by such institu
tions, Is hardly carried out by experience.
Take our agricultural department of tho
State university n an Illustration. Tho
young man who learns how to run his
farm as a business and carp for his
dairy nnd cultivate hip orchard nnd drain
nnd fertilize his land scientifically, adapt
ing his methods and materials tn Uv
quality of the soil, furnishes an nti'c I
lesson for farmers In a wide rnlliii who
dltlon of two judges to the Supreme i n nl (llip II It P fUl II 71 fl T D ClUr "" "k''' w,'n' ""''V'''1- A '"""d "c
Court, and the abolishing of the superior ,UUL, IllUllULOU 1 U UU I MIL j1""""'' "imposed ofnine young ladle
,,,,,, ,,,! '! coudiieteil by lidwnrd Hhepard, per-
Judgcs, who ate not provided for by tho formed some remarkably good drill work.
constitution, inn oiuuikiiik ." j
diction of municipal Judges, with no ap
peal In cases under a certnln sum ex
cept upon questions of law, thus saving
thn Stato J.:00,0CO u year. In addition no
recommended the eonsolldntlon of vnilous i
commissions whose duties and qiiolilica
tlons would bo similar, and the nbollsh
Ing of the statutory officii of nttorney
genernl, which, with the abolition of tho
superior Judges, would make a total sav
ing of $300,000 annually.
Comment nt Montpellcr following tho
exerelsos regarding the large expendi
tures In the administration of Justleo
and the wnys In which money could be
saved for the State showed that a deep
Impression had been made, and while.
Commandant at Fort Ethan Al
len Subject of Investigation.
in- Di'iuirliiicnl Arts I'rnniiill.v Fnl
liming Cnmplnliil Tlint Army Mnn
Thrcnh-iicd In Slinnt lyinaii
.Spooner, it Chauffeur.
Col V J Nicholson, commandant at
Fort Ktlmn Allen, has been made tho
pubjeet of an investigation by tho wot
department on the complaint of thn W.
G. lievimlds company that Colonel Nlch-
ri,.l olson threatened to shoot the company a
that any marked , The Invest!-
ii'hn meml)ers of St. Josepli's choir, under
the leadeishlp of 12. J. Ueaiipre, and as
sisted by Mrs. CI. O. Coutu nt tho piano,
rondored several .selections. Tho reports
of the societies showed a prosperous
year and a healthy growth.
Thn officers of tho mon's council In
stalled aro: President, Arsene Boucher,
vlce-pi egldent. Joseph Puissant; secre
tary, N. J. HI. lierre; collector, Louis
Gngno; treasurer, 13. II. Douglass; audi
tors, Alfred Depln and Joseph Lnrlvloro;
master of ceremonies, Louis Degniff;
marshals, Isaac Patient and Wilfred
Trombloy; doyen, Clement Heaupro; hon
orary president, O. flagno.
Tho officers of the ladles' council aro:
Spiritual director, Monslgnor Jcromo M.
Cloarect president, Mrs. Matlo Unbolt
Pi-pin; vico-presldent, Ilennlllno Gravel;
secretary, Ellz.i.beth Martin; treasurer,
Mr.i. llattle Rolniicr: enlleetor, Mario I.
Dupi'iit: assistant snet.'lary, Mrs. Kvnn
gellne Dunne, mistress of reromontes,
Mrs. Mulvina Morrisseau; ordonnatressew.
It Is not pronanie mm ... chauffeur. I a mm, Snootier. The ll.v
change will be Instituted without care- j gation 1a t))(, r,.Mli n nn incident near
fnl inv..stlir.iUon. tlie ICglslnture la St. Michael's Collude In Colchester a few
llkelv to serlcuslv consider tho various 1 days befoio Clirlstmas. when Clmuffour j Mrs. Marie Yundow and Mrs. Rosalie
' , , I Spooner, In the store's nulo truck, passed Ynndow; auditors, Mrs. Kablola Luck and
ways In which economy can be effect eu , clrr))f,e n n,B,nvny ln vvhch were Miss Marie Kedoux; doyenne, Mrs. Allco
xauusinj- buue mucn JNeeaea in isuriinirton. wnic
TT 1IF' . . .
j.ac4o w utuuwicBs iseurooms anu unwnoiesom
mittee on Social Survey.
without Interfering with Justice
FEDERAL REPORT ON
K.x tract from Report to the Division of
Militia Affairs, V. S. Aimy by CapUilu
Lincoln C Andrews. V. S. A. Ins-peetor-Instrueto!
of the Cavalry of New York
15 Th.- Vi'!ti; Cnvaln "f Vermont
One sqnndr' u einmiosed exclusively of
students nt Norwich Tnlvcr-dly, stnnds
': n einss l.v Hse.lf and should be con
tldi 'ed n-rarati ly.
Thn :ntlonnl pnllny of ilep.-ndnnce on
i ItlZnn snldinl'.. In time of war finds Its
Mrs. Nicholson and her daughter. Colonel I Mibargo; honorary president,
Nicholson maintains that tho Reynolds , i:inonoro Reauregard.
car was hnlntr driven about 10 ndles an
hour .in1 tho high spend started up Ir
horses and frightened ldn wife.
Not long nfter the Incident. Colonel
Nicholson appeared at the Reynolds
stole, presumably for the purpose of see
ing the chauffeur, lie was met by Mnn-
The recently elected officers of thn
Nw Knglatnl Order of Protection were
Installed Tuesday evening at the Kastern
Star h.ill in the Mntsonle Temple by J. 13.
Tracy, deputy grand warden, assisted
by K. V. Crannell as depu.lv grand
guide. They are as follows; Warden
b..t suunoi-. in tills school. 1 hat polio
nover enjoyexl his privileges, and the'',wm depend for succe.s nn ouv ability to
supply tialned troop lnailms for the Vol
untecrr. While such ni gaplzatlons as
pront therefrom to a marked degree
In a rural State In whloh town are
. . . . u,. I tho New Yoi ; C.iva ly am training niaiiv
already beirinnlng to advertise for phy- , , ,, ,, , . ,, , ,
'along th s 1 lie. this school In, Vermont Is
prominent in doing m. All of Its grad
tup. HAimsroHii onk-thimi
Thn Now York World in reply to
A. Mitchell Palmer's plan to have the
next democratic national convention re
peal the Baltimore slngle-tc nn plnnk,
says, "There Is no neixl of n ptallng tho
plank It does not bind the President
not to run again. It does not bind tho
party not to nominate hhn again." It
does "urge the adoption of an amend
ment to the constitution making the
President of the ITnitM States Ineligible
for re-eloctlnn, and nothing else."
According to that famous and "Indls
jensa.ble handbook," the World Almanac,
lowever, the Raltlmoro plank adds these
Slndlng words: "Anil we pteqge the
andldate of this convention to this prin
ciple," which Is quite another story and
ine it in:iv be difficult to ropoal.
ill.O.N WANTS RE-RI,KrnOX.
i . Jackson day speech delivered by
President Wilt-on at Indianapolis Kri
'i is quoted by the Associated Press as
i italning a passage Interpreted by his
auditors .is n hint that he might be a
candidate for re-election in 1'dfl Speak
ing with reference to Mexico, be said:
"There may coine a time when the
American people will have to judge
whether T know what I am talking
about," and in that connection he paid,
if ho did not know tho temperament and
principles of the American people, ho
would not be lit to stay in ills present
The fa t that Piesident Wilson con
sented to make this political npeeoh
coupled with tho announcement that It
wan his first political speech since tho
election, was enough to Indicate his de
sire for re-o!ectlon without any further
"hint" in his speech. It has been evident
for some, tlmo that Mr. Wi'son would
seek a second term in the White House,
and, If tho reaction In our lepubllcan
rank Is too strong, su thai unduly
presume upon the ailvanl.ii-i i.-eenth
gained, that situation ..in sti. njtb,.n
Ills chances of succeeding
slclnns owing to the increase ln require
ments. the consequent Increased expenso
of securing a medical education nnd tho
tendency to settle in the larger places,
it Is easy to seo what the College of
Medicine bn done efipeclally for our
rural communities, with the great ma
jority of Vermont pbyslclnns graduates
of this Institution. Cut out this medical
college and the rural towns will soon
begin to realize that men forced Into
great centers where a med'cnl education
cots tremendously and often forced to
run Into debt therefor can not afford to
snttln In a community where the return-!
will not be large. Humiliation of the
Medical College might be better fur m
mainlng doctors, but It would gradually
develop medical monopoly.
So while the college In g. ner.il does
mnie for the individual who attends
I than for the Individual who does not
attend, tile total value of tlx- colleen tn
those who attend is small compared to
the totnl value to those who do not at
tend. The men who go to college spend
the rest of their lives extending tho col
lege Influence to those who do not go.
This is the most effective university ex
tension we have The best work a col
lege can do Is to educate a young man
and send him out to a community where
the majority of the people have, not had
such advantages If he Is a worthy col
logo graduate his presence there will be
worth far more to the community than
the entire cost of his education, and it
should be worth more to them than it is
to him'clf. Tills Is the real mission of
thn eolb-ge to Influence the world by the
men and women It send into It. They
are the little leaven which leavens tho
wholo lump, and it is n great fallacy to
say that the lump is not benefited.
late- are well grounded in the military
art. and have lind n large measure of
practical oxperlence In all the details of
Their students averaging about thn
same age as the West Point Cadets, aro
largely paying their own way through
college, none arc sons of rich men. all
of which lends an atmosphere of earn-t-ness
and seriousness to their work which
Is most advantageous.
Discipline and control am exercised
exclusively through the medium of their
ng.T I'rnnk C. Lyon and lo the latter ho i Mrs. J. J. Iloag; vice-warden, J. D,
Is alleged to have said that If the ehaiif- Toitsley; Junior past warden, A. I..
feur ever tilghtniied Ills wife again he . O'Rrynn : recording secretary. Miss K.
would shunt Spooner. The latter w.is M Bullock: Ilnanclal secretary, I,. O.
eallnl to the store and confronted bv Hurnham; tmasuter, K. W. Crannell:
tlm enlniid. It is ebtlmed that he I e- , chaplain, Mrs Kdlth Buxton; guide, Miss
P .ited the remark to Spooner. who de-libcl Kelle , :'ianllan, Miss Ruth W11
eHiied that he had not been driving thn, Hums, sentlm-l, I .1. Iloag; third trustee,
car at an excessive rate of speed, that lie I R II. Kimball "ollowing thn Installa
d!d not frighten the luupos and that there j Uim refreshment1, were served,
was plentv of room In the highway for j The rccentlv el.vted officers of St
both vehicle. Then, It Is alleged, the Mnry's Court. Catholic Order of Foresters,
colonel told Spooner lie would nhool him ' were Installed Tuesday evening at their
If be ever (lightened his wife ngrilu. that rooms on Church street
he alwavs curried a gun with him. and
that he had aHvulv sh.it one man. iTHE BURLINGTON MUTUAL.
As tho olllcer was departing Mr. I.ynn j
nsked him if hn renllv meant what he
said. Colonel Nlchnlsnn. so It Is lalmnd.
replied that he positively did mean It
'Present conditions In Burlington,"
says Udotta D. Brown in her interesting
report of her investigation of thn housing
conditions In Burlington for the commit-
tea on social survey, mndo during Octo
ber and November, "are largely due to
the Inadequate legal safeguards. Defi
nite and permanent improvements can be
secured only by adopting a thoroughgo-
uig housing code, which will jet whole
some standards. The need for such a
oodo Is obvious in a city which has wln
dowieBS bedrooms and unwholesome cellar
and baBoment dwellings."
of house, being the two-family houeo.
.nr k.l.ru UlSll.ll ..luiuacd J3!lg
Btrcbt, First street and tho weet oldo
t , , i . i .
,,u.vo, a.Diiuc unfcwcii biijn3 BLTeC
Interval avenue from First stroot
North Bend and about one-half of N
n . r. rf v. -. . i.
eight were multiple dwellings (a dwolll
occupied or arranged to ho occupied
three or more fnmllles. Including "itno
mentB," "tenement blocks," "flats," a
.1.111 . . ... , r . ,
families have accommodations therein
The Investigator HDoaks of the declri
i iflfl iirnwTi H mill n mTr. Mfimn nt . .Annnw. in . ,
pagos and Is numerously Illustrated with number of multiple dwellings, both
photographs of conditions she found In , now buildings and by converting
various sections investigated. one-family houses into multiple dwelllr
She mnkes six recommendations, the And she says It bodes 111 for the futn
first of which Li quoted above The other . "These dwellings are a weakness In
"Pending the passage of such a code , structlon and maintenance are
Chapter xvll section ; of the city ordl- regulated they are often unsanltarv
nances, requiring ewer connections tn be traps. Rvnry effoit should be made
ninde In seweied streets, should be en- i n . k this tendency toward congres
Mr. I.von thought the matter over and
concluded tn write Secretary of War Gar
rison on the subject. In ills letter ho in
formed that olllclal of what had taken
placn In the store In the presence of thn
clerks, and added that Mr Spooner had
always been considered a careful chauf
feur and also was one of scveinl yn.u-.V
experience Mr. l.vnn suggested, also,
the removal r r Colonel N'-hnlsnn to some
own cadet officers, a helpfti' training. I other post ns he consideiei! mill a man
Tl.nv .nre In mited States uniform and 1 dnngerouv to he it 'urge. Mr. T,yon also
under military discipline continuously
present jtar to have been ?2,74.rr7.7,
and that the net losses for 114 were
only $13,0."A!7. The assets on January 1
last weic .nsi.f.M.lfi. and the number of
policies written In 1H4 was ICO.
Office! s anil directors for the ensuing
year were elected as follows: Directors,
K. S. Adslt, I". O. n-aupre, C. S.
Rrownell. C. W. Biownnlt, S. A. Brownell,
.1. J. I'lynn, K. W. J. Hawkins, Donly
c. Tlauiey. II. M. McFatiand, J. II.
siiHratloll. Maconil ler. Tlinmfiu RitVps .limn r?nlit.i.
The war depnttmeii. act. d promptly and R si.nu- .1 r. Snnthwlcl.
Colonel (iiainberllii of Governor's island Herald Stevens and C. ,. Wnodhnrv.
cam,, to tlie cit a few days ago and con- r v r.!(,wclt. i, resident: J. 1. Pnuth-
ravalrv and infantr.s drill, close order 1 ducted n invest motion. I lie pen : mg as , w)( vic-prcsldent; K. S. Adsit. view-
and bnttln exercises: thorough training in b'ld at the s: Mr I.ynn. Chauffeur p,esidei,t. i:. w. .1. Hawkins, secretary:
hni-.emansbip and care of the horse; I Spnnnm and others ho wem present at , iT . M.H-nmber, treasurer: V O. Heaupro
lgnaHn" each troop having a squad the time . olond Nicholson hud his eon-I r Wondhnry. auditors; n. n.
capable of handling wireless telegraph, '"""""" .": . i attorney
hcllogiaph and sr. mlphore; engineering,
; rnlll Ing. Mi in. Ing lndc liy the I, il
eal l-ire Insiirmirr Coinpnny
The ii ii tin 1 meeting of the Burlington
Mutual Kim Itisurnneo company was held
Tuesday. The report showed insur-' vogue.
itiee in force at the beginning of the 1 "r addition tn the legal regulation of
"Definite records In regard to both con
struction nnd maintenance should be kept.
The records of the building Inspector
should show nt least, the number of fam
ilies to be accommodated, the material
used In construction and the approximate
cost of each house The health olllcer
should be a full time man, adequately
paid. Instead of Inspecting only on com
plaint, as at present, he should make
systematic houo-to-houpe Inspections
throughout the city nnd keep a record
for each house.
"Some system of refuse collection and
dlsposnl should be organized so that tho
entlro city will be free from garbage,
asheo nnd rubbish of all kinds and an
end put to the disorderly dumping now In
and are old enough to anprecuite the
dignitv and force this Imposes. Practi
cal! v all drills nnd mllttmy Instruction I uil .:!
aro conducted bv cadet officer:., under
the supervision of the Regular Army In
structor. !'. Military Instruction Includes: Both
sent letters to Senator W P. Dilllngliam
and to Rcpr, , nlntive Fr ink I.. Greene
at iisliliutoa. P.oth r. piled that they
the matter their sciioui i on-
throretlcal and practical, the clns thU
year went Intn the woods, cut the timbers
ami built an W foot bridge, 12 foot trestles
capable of earning loadi d wagon traffic;
rifle practice each troop qualifying far
higher than any infantry company in tho
Stato; field firing probl, ms with ball car
tridges requiring good firo control nt
changing targets they nttalned a per
centage on the legulnr armv basis well
above tluit required for tho classification.
.'ave their testimony 'lint closes ine in
cldeiit for the time being nnd future de-j
velopmeiiU .nt awaited with Interest.
It does, not appear from what Is known
r tlm In, -iil,.,,! ...l St MIcliTiel'K Colleen , ' ' Wnnclhmme
that any damage was done. There was
nn collision lietween the vehicles or any
parts of them and Mr Spooner claims
that he had the truck under perfect control
NATIONAL BANK MEETINGS
STATE Y. M. C. A. NOTES.
"n.vcellent." map making. they havo i
nearly completed a contour mnp of tho Conferci f Order cruo.nt :t.. i.t
surrounding country, that will be ued j Chester Promises in Me Ji.tercNtlii
tiir iiiiitimi uni'i,.
.".rent Britain's reply t,, Pr. sklent Wil
son's protest against tic undue Interfer
ence with American ninmercc Involved
In British seizure and detention of
American ship In the search for contra
band of war H friondly in spirit, hut
tenacious of the unquestioned right of
belligerent nations to search neutral ves
frs suspected of conveying supplies to
the enemy. The chief result of tho nego
tiations will probably be thn clvrlng of
the "twlllgUt zone" separating the selztire
of real contraband of war like copper
used In shell cases and the detention
of commerce bound for neutral countries
through which continband might pass to
a belligerent counttv.
Sir Kdwnrd Grey has exprtssed will
ingness to mako good all damage tn
American commerce beyond that war
ranted by thn situation a viewed from
the standpoint of International law. and
that Is all any cnunlry can reasnna.bly
as'., especially one which seeks to sell
su iinarlncs abroad, although wo foiced
Knglnnd to nay dear for furnishing tlie
Alabama to the confederates.
Tin: vi'atii inniiww nni'.MiT
n of thn Interesting features of In
nigiiratlon dnv nt Montpellcr Thursday
was the Informal luncheon given at thn
Pavilion hy Governor CharleH W. Gatos,
to thn county highway supervisors and
Iho office force of the highway dopan
nent nt which Governor Allen M, riot
her was the guest of honor
The county supervisors had prerented
o tlie rotliing State highway commls
loner a handsome Hamilton gold watch
ivith thin tok.m of appreciation onglaved
on tho Insli of tlie case: "W Pre
sented to the lion Clinrle W Gates by
tho county liisbway imporvJbora of Vcr-
The u.'iiisitlnn from the nk', Statu ad
ministration to tho new occurred Thursday
day, and contrnry to what might lie sup
posed from some heated utterances the
wheels of government seemed to be turn
ing about the same in the nfternoon aV
in the morning. Governor Gates In his
inaugural menage struck the keynote
of his Idea of duty when he said' "It
Is sometimes our highest duty to opposo
what might seem overwhelming public
opinion. We are here to deliberate, to
weigh tho facts, to legislate wisely."
The present Governor takes stron
ground In favor of due care regarding
tho Increase in Stato expenwfl, although
he would not he niggardly. Ho believes
unless the present rapid increao ln ex
penditures can be stayed, the Ptnte will
be confronting n serious Kltuatlon In flvo
yirs. but at tho name time he realizes
that progress In some directions can not
lie made unless appropriations therefor
He wWoiy Multilist ills message as a
whole to a statement of his general
policy, thus paralleling tho courso of
Governor Whitman nnd other executives,
Announcing that he illd not deem It
wise, to mako any recommendation un
til he could carefully Investigate such
nuestloiiH as direct primary, workmen's
compensation, tho Judiciary, education
agriculture and such changes In our
statutes as am necessary to conform to
our changed constitution.
It is known that Governor Gat.-., lias
very pronounced views as to tho cause
of much of tho orlnio and part of the
Increased expenditures I" f!,J,', !lH
well ns In rolatlou to some of the various
problems lie enumerated. He will bo
found on thoroughly solid ground on all
Wo print In full not only uovenmr
Gates's message, but nlso the valedictory
message of Govornor Fletcher.
Tlm ll.PTinln of I lie mOSSage Of GoV-
ernor Fletcher Is like that or Governor
Gates, the tremendous Increase In Stato
expenditures, and tho most striking fea
ture of the valedictory In this connection
Is the showing that the administration
of Justice costs Vermont a.lmo3t as much
In Its various forms as the State exnenoH
In the Important cause or education, the
liglires given being S.GOO and !9i,0"0 re
spectively Ah ii means to the ie.liH.ilon of ep. psa
Govornor Fletcher recommended tho ad-
fiir Indoor war games. They are in camp
for practical field training ten davs ach
vcar, completelv mounted on noises fur
nished by the trrops at Fort Ktlmn Allen,
Vrrmont--thev have ninny pinctleal field
problems dining the year, often spending
the night In bivouac, doing thi lr own
cooking, loading and driving wagons, etc.
Thev maintain an average of about thirty
suitable cavalry horses, play polo, com
pete at horse shows, and by their own
efforts are now rnislng the money to
build a suitable riding hall end stable,
plans for which are completed.
1". At present these young men. gen
erally well qunliflid for volunteer com
mand since time of war, nre lost to the
country upon graduation. 1 recommend
that ber.after. while the school main
tains its present high standard of effic
iency, the Commandant be required to
ennrt upon each graduating class, with
recommendations as to th suitability of
each man for commissioned or other ser
vice In the volunteers, giving an address
where each may be reached; and that
tlno recommendations he made a basis
for future use of these men In time of
fSlgned) I.. C. ANDRKWS.
There are two kinds of people on earth
Just two kindrt of people, no moro, 1
sa y .
Not the sinner and saint, for 'tis well
The good nre half bad and the bad aro
Not thn rich and the poor, for, to count
a man's wealth
You must flrflst know the state of hn
conscience and health;
Not the humble mid proud, for, In life's
Who puts on vain airs is not counted
Not thn happy and sad, for the swift
Hi lug each man his laughter and each
man his tears.
Nn, tlm two kinds of people on earth
that 1 mean
Are the epnple who lirt and the peoplu
Wherever you go you will find tlm
world's masses .
Am always divided, in Just these two
And, oddly enough, you will find Ion,
There is onlv one lifter to twenty who
Ill which class are you? Arn you easing
Of ovel taxed lifters who toll down tho
Or are you a leaner, who lets others
Your portion of labor and worry
Henry P. lA'man-Whraton In
Tho complete prom-urn of tin llftli
annual confen ni e of nlder Vc-ninnt
ho s. at Chester, .lanii i ry 'J2 to 21,
will be sent out to-dav. It -gives an
Interesting outline of what promises
to be one nf the West conference yet
held. Tim sneakers me nil men who
are working with bo.s and they know
how to talk to nnd Inspire boys. The
music of the conference will be a good
feature. II. C. Wilson of I.yndonvlllo
will lead the singing by tlie boys Tlm
Chester orchestra will play. Tin:
Chester men's quartette, the high
school quartette, and a union choir
will assist with special numbers.
On Saturday evening tho program
will in. hide the splendid moving pic
ture, "From tlm Manger to the Cross,"
the wonderful Kalem pictures mado in
Palestine and Kg.pt This will lie a
fine feature of the eoufeience. and It
was secured from S. II l.ehind of
Montpelier, who lias the State rights
of tin- tl 1 in i m Saturday afternoon
there will he a hnckev game lietween
tlie high schools of fin ster mid Lud
The cniifoi cue.- will touch many
phases nf life nnd work In which tho
older boys mc Intel . sted, the r.drjglous
life and service, vocational guidance,
rural life anil work, hoy scout activi
ties, mission work, and oducatlon.
Tho conference Is open to boys who
have passed their fifteenth birthday,
nnd who represent all liiurehus, Sun
day schools. V. M. C A. Hi-outs-, high
and preparatory schools, clubs, and
other similar organizations.
Secretary Clink Is asking the friends
of boys In Vermont to give a bit of
help for a Vermont boy. Thero Is one
buy scout In tlie Statu Cecil C. Kcnfo
of I'loctor wlio Is working hard try
ing to earn a trip to tho exposition at
Son Francisco, under the plan of the
Crow-nil Publishing Co.. bv securing:
lion subscriptions for Thn Amnrlcnn H,"H"""
Magazine and Thn Worumi's I Initio
( oinpaiilnn one or both. He already
has ubiiiit "Oil, but tin i-aiupii.Igii Is to
cud on Mm ch 1. He is a second class
scuut, mid the only Vermont boy who
is working in th,. campaign. Tlie
Panama Canal dub is to lie iniuln up
of V. M. c. A. hoys from tlm different
States undur iiilull ii ailorslilp. It If.
hoped that Vermont in.iv be represent
ed, mid by this bo Secretary (.Mark
will he very glad lo iccnlve and for
ward any subscriptions for either or
both of tho iiuj-tiizlncs. or give any In
formation nl I the plan or tlie hoy
All over America the associations
will observe Siiinlaj. February 7, as
Dwight L. Mnndv day, with special
services in memory of tlie famous
"Irelcd President of
the Merchants to Succeed III 1'iither.
The two national banks In Burlington
I held their annual meetings Tuesday
morning, tlie onl change In the officers
of either being duo to the reo-nt death
of Charles W. Woodliousc. for many
years at the head of tlie Merchants'
bank. L. L. Woodhouse was elected
president to succeed hi 4 father and A.
W. Hill was elected a director to fill tho
vacancy In the hoard. The complete list
of officers at both Institutions follows:
Merchants' National bank: !,. K. Wood
house, II. W. Allen. Robert Roberts, W.
c Isham and A. W. Hill, directors; I,.
K. Woodhouse, president; II. W Allen,
vice-president; W. C Isli.im. enhler;
A W Hill, assistant cashier. F M.
Howard National lank, i II Burgess,
housing condition... there Is thn personal
side of the problem. This is often handled
with success by private organization!. It
is quite worth while to make gardens In
the city's waste places, now unsightly
nrds or vacant lots.
"The need for '.nstru'tior In housekeep
ing Is evidenced In mum ways, In Bur
lington, especinllv b- tie Indiscriminate
use of washing povdi r.- and disinfectants.
This problem has been met In various
ways, such ns by housekeeping centres,
visiting snnltaiy insi--tor. and simple
talks In the schools The most elementary
details must be Included in tills work. I
have known young housekeepers wiio did
not realize that melted r,it was not water;
one woman had stopped the w,iste pipe of
the sink bv 'pouring th w.iter off the fat,'
as she said. It Is not nlwavs lack nf intelli
gence that Is back of this ignorance; hut,
especially among the foreigners, an expe
rience quite different from that needed ln
a modern American city "
STUDYING HOFSING CONDITIONS.
Hllas Lyman, A. G Whittemore. II. T.
Rultor and Hugh McLean, directors; F.
H Burgess, president. Fllas l.'Tnnn,
vice-president; H. T. Itutter. .ashler;
II. S. VVe.d, assistant cashier
lwelllngs and foster the building of sir
Other conditions mentioned under
and gloomy rooms sueh as nre now ,i
hlbited even lii our most overcrowi
cities. These, she says aro found
Burlington and are being built at
c.,, i.iii, , .j.ie Loui.ii several o;
rooms ln which It Is quite possible to
windows to the outside air, Inooncolva
.... b ... ., .... v.i'- b, , on; nil III 1 .1 llu
ln snch a way.
unfit for human habitation
miii,(u,i i, 11 t iii iiinru .-.iniNn, ninj not)
closets are frequent ns are also dark
are possible. These are unsanitan'
of public health.
"Tlie unsystematic collv-t nn r
bage. tlie fllthv accumulations of ruh!
In the various depressions 'n
other refuse, together with th i re
t.,,r..l .Trvinlnrr , Ur rt...l n
prohlem. It Is a 1 ' 'em which r in 11
of a thorough solution "
SOMK GOOD CONDITION'S
ni .i .iti-epsiu.t- iwmui ne,ir,y pverv an
rnent." Other good conditions, she fl
latlnns of combustible material in
Ing use of non-burning shingles
much to minimize the tire bxzard
llllfc:.- " l!lJil 11111. 11.1 rill. lilt' 1IU11L illU L
to be commended.
"Fortunately for the city there ore
now existing is already threatened
must nn saieg-ttaracri it uurunsxon is
dwellings .are erectci on tne seciunea
often unllghted ends of lots
areas In the clt
Tnn (iergrj men mid Mr.. Cooper at St.
I'iiuI'n .liiiinnry HI.
The missionary committee of the dloceso
has arranged for a meeting at St. Pau"s
Church on the evening of January 19
In the Interests of the missionary work
of the church. Tho speakers will Include
the lev. George W. Davenport, provincial
secretary for New Kiiglnnd. and tho
Ilnv. F. J. Clark nf tlie Church Mission's
House, New York. The latter's subject
will be "The Wide Scope of the Church's
Work." Mr. Davenport will speak on
"The Parish and the Wider Vision "
Fnder the auspices of the Woman's
Auxiliary of the church, Mrs. B.ilrd S.
Cooper Is to speak at tlie parish house
on January 13. It Is expected that tho
Rev. Mr. Daveni-ort will also speak.
Mrs Cooper worked as a missionary
among the Indians In Wyoming under
Bishop Thomas. Slnco she wns obliged
to return to the Kast as she found It
Impossible to live in that altitude. Since
then she lui-s devoted herself tn present
ing the cause nf the Indians
The survey or housing conditions was
made by a method found satisfactory ln
several other cities, some of them much
larger In both extent and population.
Tin en districts were selected for Inten
sive study, and tlie condition of each
occupied house In the districts was re
corded on a card especially prepared. Tho
salient facts thus obtained were then
tabulated "These facts," says the In
vestigator, "related to the possibility of
making .1 normal, healthy home In tho
house, the available light and air. con
venience and adequacy of water supply
and toilet accommodation, and similar
conditions were noted. Houses which
were quarantined or from which Un
tenant was absent were so recorded 011
a card, hut the house was not included
in the tohles. Tlie districts were chosen
after consultation with those familiar
with the city and after several days
spent in gaining a general knowledge of
the housing problem in Burlington. In
each district some houses were found In
which three or four families were living.
These, together with 11 other dwellings
of the same type throughout the city,
were noted especially for the arrange
ment of rooms, facilities for securing
light nnd ventilation and the size of
yard. A general Inspection was made of
the entire city to supplement the more
Miss Brown begins with a history of
thn city, describes tts situation and
topography, comments on its population,
(given ln tlie I'nltol States census of
1510 as and Its Industries and
The districts Investigated Include Cham
plain street us far north as King;
Battery street ns far north ns Main
street, and King, Mnple and Main streets
between Champlnln and Battery. FKty
sl houses were visited One hundred and
six families lived In the housi s.
The second district visited included
North avenue from Battery Park to
Cantleld and Strong streets, and North
street from the avenue to Front and
Blodgett streets Fixty-slx houses were such measures as
alsu seen here, the predominating typt , prot. . ttnn "
!U-:mei?ibs si ggi:sti:d
In speaking of the outlool- she
For a city of some H,C0O people,
llngton tins a housmg problem of
usual significance I nless prccaut
of the city, the situation becomes
steady and regular rather than spasm'
control tlie tendencies toward ti'.wi
some developments, embody good
ready provalent In the city
"The few laws and nrdlnarn fs 1
force which effect the situ .ti' sb
be brought up to date Tin 1 isi 'n
tlon between tile State and lici' (
of health In Vermont tog Mi 1 w '
fact that multiple dwe'llngs m r
two stories high nre nlread1 'tier
control of the State 'r rrta'r p.i
ulars, seem to Indicate tb,tt ,rti
housing conditions wil' br r. gn Tei
the State ns school house eond"' ns
nn . . iins 1 pniiL' fnnr inn ri 11
affect only a small part of tb r -q
flriM Ti' ,1 or,, ill i nr ha if?, ,11
a part of the yenr w hlic Uousi ,
tlons affect the entire population f
great part of even -J nurs It Is
notice for tlie Stilt, to reeil'ate ho
safety and mor.ility of the commum
'But If the slfnre fs slnw In a.ssur
this rn'.ponslbillty Burllngtor should
t an for Its
Thn Impiiitanco of sanitation of rural
schools wns recently mado the subject of
a report of tho United Stntos public
health service as the result of Invest!
gatlons conducted in eastern Tennessee
and northern Georgia. Nearly 2fi,0i)rt per
sons, mostly school children, were ex
amined during these Investigations. Many
insanitary conditions were fraud and a
-lumber of school children were seen
suffering from trachoma, a dangerous
conlngeous eye disease, which. If not
treated, In time Impairs, or even destroys
vision. Also many physical and mental
defects were observed, most of which
could be corrected by Improved hygiene
and early treatment, but If neglected will
cause needless suffering nnd hardship
In later life.
Little consideration had been given to
sanitation in the construction of tho lar
gest number of tlie schoo' buildings vis
ited. Either In location, heating light
ing or ventilation, seating of the pupils,
location of blackboards or sanitary con
1 lie necessiiy 01 exieiiuing 10 rural , wnum no a gre.u reuei u ine peop
eii.io. eu ny lirnmi svnuois is u.ereiuie prices are 10 -i n'J per case .
obvious. This neglect of sanitary pre- pounds, Including cost Insurance
cautious nbscrv.il In rural communities freight to Santos
Is undoubtedly duo to lack of sanitary
knowledge. Instructing the people In RKDl'CK STATK EXPRNSHS
OMIeers nf s cm-in I Snclrll.-s Inducted
Into Their P.mlllnnn.
The Joint Installation of thn newly venlnnoes they nre Inadequate, and In
Italian givermnent has Issued n (im
mobilization announcement which pro
vido for calling to colors of overy a'1"
bodled man In thn country lietween 30
and 10 years. This will give Italy ll.IS.I,- nt at the installation, following which
UV men. Irelrtmhmentn, conis,tiiig of i crraiu
elected officers of DcGnesbrland Council,
No. a;, L'Unlon St. Jean de Baptlsto,
and of the ladles' Auxiliary, Council of
L" Immaculate Conception, No. "S, were
Instnlled Tuesday evening In SI. John's
hall, F.linwooil avenue by the Statu repre
seiitllllve, Dr J 11 Iwn-oqile. assisted by
', Gravel There was a large attend-
several respects dangerous to health
The drinking water tor the children was
found to be often derived from shallow
wells, or unprotected springs which may
causo tlie spread of disease. Open wa
ter buckets and common tin dlppor are
used extensively in schools of this type.
Roll pollution Is constantly taking place
and must undoubtedly contribute to dis
seminata hookworm lufectlo'
tlm value of sanitation w
M-rVn to make them ndopt measures such
ns are now ln force in cities for the prop
er construction and maintenance nf
s-hool buildings and the regular medical
Inspection or school children. School
hygiene has a meat economical value, In
that It serves to prevent the spread of
disease nnd makes tho children now in
the schools healthier members of the
community and the country nt large.
POTATOES IN BRAZIL
llrnlrrn Wish to Receive Shipment
from ThU Country.
(From the 1'. S. Consular Reports.)
Potatoes are one of the principal food
articles of Brazil and are imported in
large quantities from Argentina, France
and Perineal, Importations Into the port
of Santos alone during the year 5018 were
from the following countries; Argentina.
$S9,!0i; France, $100,4.'1; Germany, JS.JOT;
rortugol, $tl,S70: other countries, J3.363;
total, CS.SI0. Owing to the political
troubles in Europe, it Is Impossible for
shipments to come from France, which
Is tho largest supplier to this market,
and shipments from Pottiigaf are also
greatly reduced Prices me therefore
rising very rapidly, and It would not
only bo an cv.lleiit oppiiitunlty for the
iulfoducUoji of American potatoes, but
..... n . ..i.i ... ... ,
c .i.c i..n in nuic nil n"- i' s n
mand. In the papers, for a redurtlo
With taxation at the linn' fanners
everybody can stand, it Is evident
State, town and village expense
In this line, tlm suggestion of an
attorney, that the supi-eni n I '
I urged by two and the sunerlm-
anousneii, letting tlie supreme cour
sign certnln Judges to hold o nty
Is worthy of consideration
It would make a saving of over
0 per year In s.ilnrle-4 alone
It would require strong i igorous
for the supremo court, but that Is
It ought to have,
Strong men, mentally, physically
of unquestioned abllltv
By the way, not a paper has quest
inn nun ii i e.1 in ms .il in. in ill.- ine
of the present supreme court
Fnclr Kzrn "Epli Hoklns must
had some time down In New York
I'ncic Eben "Yep. Reckon he
eled a mighty swift puce Itph's
said Unit when Kph got ha uul
Into his room he looked thr
kicked It and said Wlint s that
IhlilS for?' " Juasu.