Newspaper Page Text
THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS AND TIMES; THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1918.
E10NT OFFICER AING MISSING !apt. Philip Vincent Sherman One of Tuscanin's 345 Un accounted For. NAMES NOW COMING IN. Iprobntilc Tlint Store Thnn 300 of the Acmlcnns ncported Missing Are Safe In Some Irish Port. In tho list of 346 names of soldiers on tho Tuscanla sent out Sunday night by tho Associated Press as unaccounted for up to date, Is that of Captain Philip Vincent Sherman of Northflold, Vt, who Is classified as among tho "casual" officers missing. Almost the entlro list of missing Is mndo up of names of soldiers from tho Far West and South. Washington, Feb. 10. Eighteen hundred and thirty-two names of American sol diers rescued from the torpedoed liner Tuscanta had been reported to-ntght to the war department, leaving 345 of tho sol- Idlers unaccounted for. No official report has reached the department to chango the estimate that all excapt 113 of tho men were saved, but the names have been com ing In very slowly over the cables and there Is no assurance as to when the list I will be complete. From the names so far received and the passenger list of the lost steamer, the I Associated Press has compiled tho record of those still not reported. Probably moro than 200 of the men whoso names appear on this record are safe In Iroland and will I be reported soon. Tho preparation of tho list, even In Its Incomplete form represents an aggregate of 140 hours of labor. Tho war depart ment has only Issued an official roll of those on tho ship. The committee on pub lic Information has made no effort to complete a list of the missing, merely Is suing lists of survivors. In order to com plete a list of missing and unreported It was nccossary to search for each name In both lists, a laborious process In dealing with more than 2,000 names. FRIENDS IN BURLINGTON. Cnptnln P. V. Sherman a Graduate of the Local High School. Capt Philip Vincent Sherman of the Engineering Corps, U. S. A., who was reported In Sunday night's dispatches as being among those not heard from who were on the torpedoed Tuscanta, has rela tives and many friends In this city. Captain Sherman was the adopted son of the late Mrs. A. B. Klngsland. He was graduated from the Burlington high school In 1904 and then went to Norwich University, where he was graduated In the engineering department. He received his appointment In the army last spring while visiting friends in this city. Mrs. Sherman was In this city when the news that her husband was on the Tuscanla came over the wires to the Free Press. She had no previous knowl edge that ho was on the ocean for the government Is secretive regarding that. As soon as she saw the dispatches, Mrs. Sherman loft for Northflold, where she resides with har three small children. She had been the guest of Mr. and Mrs. Frank E. Wager. No further news of Captain Sherman was received last night. The fact that his name Is among the missing does not necessarily mean that he Is lost, as the names of a number of survivors have not yet been received In this country. The Associated Press is doing this work without the aid of the government. The names of about 100 survivors were re ceived last night, but Captain Sherman's name was not among them. CORPORAL WINTERBOTTOM SAVED. The Free Press Is In receipt of a letter from MrB. F. Wlntorbottom of Smith town, L. I., stating that she had re ceived a cablegram from her son, Corp. i Howard B. Wlnterbottom of Smlthtown. I' who was on the transport Tuscanta, say ing that he was safe and well. The young ' vhhm la . . . I . t. 1 . . 1. I . , i io nui mu Auun engineers train. He Is a nephew of Charles Wlnterbottom of Maple street, and has many friends In Burlington. LIEUT FISHER SAVED Barre Officer Survived Tuscanta Sink, ins;, Government Notifies I1U Wife, Montpellor, Feb. 10. Mrs. Max Fisher of Barre received a telegram to-day from the government stating that Lieutenant Fisher, hor husband, who was on the Tuscanla, was among those saved. A wire also was received to-day from Lieut Jack Mitchell of this city an nouncing his safo arrival in London. SIX CASES SET FOR TRIAL AT BURLINGTON February Term of IT. S. Court Will Convene at Queen City the 26th. Rutland, Feb. 11, Six civil cases, as fol lows, have been set for trial, according to the records of Clork F. S. Piatt of the United States court, for the February term of the district court which will open at Burllnvton FebniArv M Lawrence C. JoneB, administrator for wuc i nomas, vs. Hugh O, Williams j Daniel Knight vs. Tugboat Victor; Wil liam B. Clarke v. ftillmnn r wary a. tYiiucr vs. urana Trunk Railway .... W (till . - w. run, trustee lor ver mont & Chicago Granite company, vs Hardwlck Savings bank; William B Clarke vs. Royal Indemnity company. MRS. PICKETT DIES. Former Resident of Wnterbury Dlea at Minneapolis, Minn. Waterbury, Feb. 10. News was received in the village to-day of the death In Minneapolis, Minn., of Mrs. Susan Pickett, formerly of Waterbury. Tho body is now on its way here and It is expected Borvices will be held Tuesday afternoon In the chapel of the Congregational Church. Mrs. ' Pickett was born In Duxbury 83 years ago the daughter of Mr, and Mrs. Joseph Turner. She married Benjamin Pickett and 1 1 the couple resided In this section until Mr, Pickett's death several years ago. Two I years ago Mrs. Pickett went to Minne apolis to iivo wim ner aaugnter, Airs. W. J. Bruce. Besides Mrs. Bruce, sho Is survived by a son, L. F, Pickett, also of Minneapolis and five grandchildren. She I also leaves a brother and a sister. Mrs. II Eliza Newton and O. C. Turner of Dux- bury. TUSCANIA'S DEAD, 101; U-BOAT THAT SUNK SHIP IS DESTROYED Latest Reports Show That 2,296 Men Were Res cued by Ships Convoying the Ill-Fated Transport British Have "Done In" the Attacking Submarine with a Depth Charge Stricken Liner Re mained Afloat Two Hours No Panic Among Americans or Crew Survivors Get Prompt Attention at Irish and. Scotch Ports Scene of Disaster Favorite German Undersea Boats of the Larger Type. Belfast, Ireland, Wednesday, Feb. C The liner Tuscanla, torpedoed last night as she was proceeding as one unit of a convoy, received no warning and had no sight of the submarine that sank her. Just at dusk a torpedo struck her full amid ships. Immediately afterwards another torpedo was noticed to pass her stern. Sho Immediately took a big list and the men were called to their boat stations. Tho list of the vessel, however, prevented the proper lowering of the lifeboats and many men Jumped Into the water. Many of the casualties occurred during the lowering of the lifeboats from tho upper deck. The survivors, on landing, were received with great hospitality by different or ganizations which fitted them out with olothtng and supplied other comforts. They were lodged In the largest hotels where hot meals were Immediately pro vided. Several bodies were brought ashoro from the steamer. They were those of men who had succumbed to their Injuries or to exposure. The bodies were deposltod In the morgue. There was no panic on board the steamer. London, Feb. 7. News of the sinking of the Tuscanla reached the American mili tary authorities here Wednesday morning. Additional machinery for relief work Im mediately was put Into action and several score officials of tho American army and navy left here during the day for Ireland. Vlce-Admtral William S. Sims, command er of the American destroyer squadron In European waters who now Is in Rome for a few days, was notified by telegram of the disaster. The night boat train, which goes direct to the port where the majority of the sur vivors waB landed, was crowded to over flowing. The passengers Included many American Red Cross workers, representa tive of the Y. M. C. A. and a large num ber of military and naval men. A corre spondent of the Associated Press, travel ing on this train, found every seat taken a half hour before leaving time and a number of passengers standing In the aisles for the all night trip. New Tork, Feb. 7. Both the north and south entrances of the Irish sea have been favorite hunting grounds for German sub marines of the big fighting type and mine layers. The most formidable German submarines of which there is any definite record were armed with tho new German 15 centimetre (6.9 inches) gun brought out during the war, which Is a more powerful, longer ranged gun than the 15 oentlmetre gun mounted In the main batteries of the Ger man light cruisers at the outbreak of the war. The newest submarines carried two of these guns, forward and aft. A great deal has been heard of giant five thousand ton "submersible cruisers" but none of these had been definitely Identified accord ing to the latest Information In posses sion of the correspondent. The numerical production of subma rines In Germany last summer and autumn had fallen off decidedly, due In part perhaps to difficulties with raw ma terial, but chiefly to a decision to sus pend tho manufacture of small submarines of the "canal" type. These boats, small enough to proceed to the sea through the canals of Belgium, had been built in comparatively large numbers and ship ped to salt water, but were found to be too small for effective use under pres ent conditions In the war zone, where destroyers and armed patrol boats com pel the representatives of ruthlessness to operate chiefly submerged and to carry armament heavy enough to outrange the light guns on the armed merchantmen. German experts believed in fact that a serious mistake had been made In de signing and constructing these boats, which were credited with little effective service at Constantinople whither a Bquadron was shipped by railroad, or elsewhere. New York, Feb. 7. A story of disaster at sea, affecting the hearts and hopes of Americans, although they have been schooled to expect It ever since the first contingent of their fighting men left un Atlantic port to become brothers In arms to the entente warriors who are entrenched against the German hordes, fortunately has dwindled in the telling. One hundred and one lives were lost in the torpedoing of the British troop ship Tuscanla off the Irish coast at dusk Tuesday evening, according to the latest report. She carried 2,897 souls, includ ing 2,179 United States army foresters, engineers, supply train men, military police and aero units, and the first meagre details Wednesday night indicated that the death list due to the steamer's sinking might be approximately 1,000. A later estimate that night, however, gave 267 as the number of men missing. This morning the figure waB reduced to 210 and this In turn was lowered to 101 through Information obtained by a cor respondent of the Associated Press in Ireland and confirmed by the American CRUSHED By TREE Whitney Klrby . Pinned Down Coni- panlon Carries Him to Road Head and Shoulders Hurt. Mlddlebury, Feb. 8.-Whltney Klrby, aged 35, a widower, formerly of this vil lage, was badly bruised about the head and shoulders when a tree that he and Walter Klrby were felling In the woods about a mile from Bread Loaf Inn, on Bread Loaf mountain, swayed and pinned hlra dgwn, the tree falling on his head. He was extricated unconscious and car ried by Walter Klrby to the nearest road, some 120 rods. There Walter Klrby's cries for help were heard by Mr. Boynton at the Inn, who came on horseback though the heavy drifts and carried the Injured man to the Inn. Dr. P. L. Dorey was called to attend him. His condition to night Ib critical. Yes you can find work through tho classified; work that you are fitted for wages that are adequate. Destroyer Reported to Hunting Grounds for embassy In London. The resoued, there- fore, number 2,296. Among the American survivors are 76 officers. The Tuscanla, a liner of 14,148 erross ions, was ono or a strongly guarded con voy and proceeding eastward off the north coast of Ireland when disaster over took her. The shore line was vlBlble from the starboard side through tho dusk of oncoming night, and it was from this direction that the lurking German sub marine discharged a torpedo that found its mark in the boiler room of the steamer, A second torpedo was seen to pass harm lessly astern. Apparently retribution at once befell tho enemy underwater boat. According to tho testimony of on American officer. who was one of the last men to leavo the Tuscanta, a British destroyer dashed toward the evident looatlon of the attacker and dropped depth bombs that resulted, In the expressive phrase of the submarine hunters, tn the enemy being done in." Tho explosion of the torpedo had Imme diately caused a tremendous list and made the launching of life boats and ratts extremely hazardous tn the heavy sea and the darkness. Almost all the lots of life and the sustaining of injuries occurred because of this condition as there was no panic among the Americans or tho crew, and the stricken liner remained afloat for fully two hours. Many patrol boats assisted the destroyers In the work of rescue and the survivors were landed at various Irish and Scotch .ports, where prompt medical attention was given the Injured and tho others were made com fortable. Washington, Feb. 7. Latest official ad vices to the war department to-night accounted for all except 113 of the 2,156 American soldiers who were on board the British liner Tuscanla when a sub marine sent her down Tuesday night off the Irish coast. This figure was not final and high hopes that the loss of life would prove much smaller were built upon cabled presB despatches saying Just 101 men, most of them members of the crew, were missing among the entire force of soldiers, sallorB and passengers. RELIEF WAS IMMEDIATE!. . The Tuscanla was a cart of a lame convoy and Immediately the relief was at hand. There had been no mention In official messages to-night of a report that a convoying destroyer sighted and pur sued the submarine that made the at tack. The destroyer probably was British, and British admiralty reports on the Incident will be awaited with keen Interest On board the liner were engineers, military police and replacement de tachments composed of former Mich igan and Wlsoonsln national guards men and three aero squadrons, ono of which was reorulted almost entirely In and around New York city. Members of the other two squadrons came from nearly every section of the country. SECRETARY BAKER'S STATEMENT. "The sinking of tho Tuscanla," said Secretary Baker to-day, "leaves us face to face with losses of the war In Ita most re lentless form. It Is the first challenge to the civilized world by an adversary who has refined but made more deadly the stealth of the savage in warfare. "We must win this war and we will win this war. Losses like this unite the country In sympathy with the families with those who have suffered loss, they also unite us to make more established our purpose to press on. "Rapidly as details come in they will bo given to the public tn order to re lieve anxiety where possible and notice will be sent as soon as possible to those whoso sons and borthers have been added to the nation's heroic dead." Londonderry, Ireland, Feb. 7. An American officer, one of the last men to leave the Tuscanla, said to-day "Even before some of us had grasped tho situation British destroyers were dashing up alongside. Such soldiers as had been lowered In lifeboats wero put on board destroyers. A few men who had Jumped overboard in tho 'first excitement were picked up. I believe ono or two lifeboats wore smashed in launching. "Tho destroyers, took off our men In splendid style, with perfect order. "All this time the Tuscanla was slow ly sinking. For a minute I did not know whether to go Into a lifeboat or to stick by the ship. "One of the members of the crow urged that we stay on board nnd trust John Bull's destroyers. He yelled this In my ear. I took his advlco and walt od for my turn to come to go on board a destroyer. "No sooner had we cast off, with COO men on board, than a torpedo was fired at us. It missed. Another destroyer dashed off operating a bomb dropping device, and tho claim was afterward made that tho submarine had been done in." NO WORE FOR 1ST VERMONT Local Boards Notified They Can Prom, lse No More Enlistments for Regiment. Montoller, Feb. 11 Tho local boards of Vermont have tecolvod, ns per ad vice of the war department from the adjutant-general's office Instructions that men who go before the board to Induct themselves into tho First Vermont regiment must not bo prom ised that such aotlon Is to occur, dat ing from to-day. This Is a radical change from what Capt. E. W. Gibson was given to understand when au thorized to come to Vormont to re cruit the regiment. In the last week, over 300 recrultB havo been obtained, while a great many had promised to come this week. Howovor It Is under stood that a man rocrulted has s 60-50 chanco of being assigned to the Vermont regiment nfter getting to Camp Oreene. Moro Information Is be ing sought by the officers. LIVES LOST IN LAUNCHING BOATS Tuscanla When Struck by Tor pedo Heeled over at Dan gerous Angle. AN IRISH PORT, Feb. 7. Most of the Americans were lost through the Tus- canla's sudden heavy list after being torpedoed, which caused faulty launching of the llfo boats. The German torpedo struck the Tus canla a vital blow amidships, causing her to list almost Immediately to starboard. Instead of ploughing forward In this fashion as most vessots do under the circumstances tho Tuscanla Stopped dead. A shiver ran through hor and she heeled ovor at a dangerous angle. Tho list to starboard so elevated the lifeboats on the port side as to render thorn practically useless and only a few of the boats on that stdo were launched. The first of these struck the water un evenly capsizing and throwing the oocu pants Into the Bea. After that several boats were launched successfully, but the vessel's list became more perilous, and somo of the men who were trying to get Into the boats from the star board side now climbed along the deck to the rail, to which they olung. Many by this time had donned life belts and Jumped overboard. Hundreds of others were preparing to follow this ox ample, when a British destroyer boldly drew up right alongside the Tuscanla. When the men saw this, many of them leaped from tho boat and saloon decks to that of the waiting destroyer. This destroyer took over severat hundred men, all she could carry, and moved away. She had como up along the starboard side of the Tuscanla. As she steamed away with her deck loaded down with Americans another Brlt fsh destroyer emerged out of the darkness on the Tuscanla's port, now high out of the water. When the men on the doomed ship recovered from their surprise at this unexpected and skilful manoeuvring of the British commander thero was another scramble to reach tho elevated port sld., some of the men sliding down the Incline by the aid of ropes, and others on their hands and knees. All the time this rescue work was pro gressing, cool heads were getting the few other lifeboats afloat. Despite the many difficulties the crews behaved well and the coolness of the American soldiers was the subject of commendation in affidavits by the boat officers. G. K. Lynes, second officer of the Tus canta, explained that owing to the ship's heavy roll and the consequent entangle ment of the falls. It was found necessary to cut away some of the ropes to the life boats. He Bald: "During all this time the soldiers be haved splendidly and with perfect discip line." SOLDIER MUST KNOW HE IS BEING INSURED Reminder For Those Who Make Ap plication For Him. Montpeller, Feb. 8. Col. H, T. Johnson has received the following letter which It a oopy of those being sent to the people Interested In the matter of insurance of soldiers and sailors which shows that ap plications for Insurance of soldiers must be made with the knowledge of the soldier If made through another party: Treasury Department, Washington, February 1, 1918. Bureau of War Risk Insurance: Dear Sir or Madam: The attorney-general of the United Btatos has held that the right to apply for Insurance is limited to the man in service or his duly authorized agent. Any person In the active service on or before October 6, 1917, has until February 12, 1918, within whloh to apply for Insur ance. Persons entering the service after Ootober 15, 1917, have 120 days from thetr entrance into active service within whloh to complete an application. If you have no authority from the man In service to apply for Insurance on his behalf, I would suggest that you imme diately communicate with him, by tele graph or cable If necessary, and advise him to personally apply for Insurance. If you have any authority to apply for Insurance on his behalf, kindly for ward such authority, or a certified copy thereof, to this bureau, and If this la deemed sufficient, the Insurance will be granted. Yours truly, J. M. GAINES, Deputy Commissioner of Insurance, FIVE FOR CAMP GREENE. Addison Registrants Enlist in 1st Ver montEntrain Friday. Mlddlebury, Feb. 11. The following five young men of Addison county who passed physical examinations has en listed In the 1st Vermont regiment, and will leave hero next Friday for Camp Greene, N. C: Wilfred Brisson, Shoro ham; Alfred L. Latttrell, Ripton; Wal ter B. Mason, Bristol; William A. WIs- sell, Shoreham; Clove H. Andress, Han cock. Tho following men have passed their examination: Alpheus Lattrelt, Ripton; Walter D. Mason, Bristol; Ernest L. Phlllon. Swanton; Robert Mundy, Mid dlebury; John Bonomo, Mlddlebury; Uoy P. Bent, Ripton; Ezral E. Grav elle, Mlddlebury: Howard Gordon, Mld dlebury; Herbert E. Newell, Shoreham; John Mallla, Mlddienury; William Wis sell, Shoreham; Mllfrod Brisson, Shore ham; Phillip S. Calhoun, Mlddlebury; Wesley C. Little, Shoreham; Forrest C. Ayer, Brandon. The following; wero ordered to ap pear beforo tho advisory board at Bur lington; Chauncy Brown, Shoreham; Cloyes Norton, Brldport; Earl H. Put man, St. Albans; Rupert C, Trudo, Bris tol; Edward J. Pigeon, Brldport; Frank S. Trimble. Chimney, Point, N. Y.; Nel son J. Tucker, Vergennes; Erastus P. Clark, New Haven; Harold M. Fitzger ald, Orwell; Edwin F. Persons. Balls bury; Howard McCormlck. Bristol; George W. Lee, Bristol; Clifford H. Ger main. VergenneB; Ira John Baldwin, Mlddlebury; Fred Devoid, North Fer rlsburg; Herbert F. Pldgeon, Brldport; Fred S. Allen, Vergennes; Lester C. Keese, Starksboro; Clarence H. Cram, Htarksboro; James E. Julius, Orwell; Louis J. Brousseau, Mlddlebury; James It. Corliss, Bristol. The following were referred to the agricultural board: Harry F. Sheldon, Mlddlebury; Carroll O. Orvls, Monkton. The following were rejneted; Frank Stanton, Vergennes; Frank Cobb, Lin coln; and tho following were trans ferred, William J. Kelly, Brookfleld Junction, Conn.; Rockwell L. Miller, Hartford, Conn.! Arthur L. Coddens, Worcester. Moss. Fifteen for Camp Greene. St. Albans, Feb. ll.-Flfteen draft men reported at tho court house this evening to the local board aand expect to leavo to morrow morning for Camp Oreene. Ed win Burdette Colver of Rlchford was ap pointed leader anad Clarence A. St. Pierre of Et. Albans assistant. JEFFREY FINDS FILTHYGONDITIONS Probation Officer Visits St. Al bans 14 Neglected Children to Be Cared For. St. Albans. Vh. 10. An ttia rnanlt of n general investigation In this city and Rlch ford by State Probation Officer W. H. Jeffrey of MnntnelUr. nrnvlntnn ha a haan made for the care of 14 children, 12 from this city ana two from Rlchford. Some of the children will be sent to Institutions and others cared for here. Following tho Investigation Frank Flnnemore of Water street was arraigned In city court yester day morning before Juige N. N, Post and sentenced to serve not less than a year and a half and not more than two years In the house of correction for cruelty to his children and not taking proper care of his family. He was placed on probation and will be under constant surveillance. If conditions are not satisfactory he will be BSnt to the hnuu nf .nminllmi wlthm, further trial. Local people who were principally instrumental In bavins; Mr. Jeffrey come here express themselves well Blessed with thu raniil. a nfa iMMitlMH.. and the way he handled the situation generally, in iiny ana unsanitary condi tions were found In many of the 10 places visited and other conditions of a revolting nature wero dlsolosed. AlUlOUS-h Mr. JfrrV Mh.. n V- lnai- viewed in tike matter It is probable thaJ me oiaie ooara ox neaitn will be called upon later to Investigate some places. It Is understood that tenement house conditions In the SAAtlnn nf th nltv wntnh waa vial.. are very unsatisfactory to the board of onanuss ana proDation, wnicn air. Jeffrey represents. In the housa on Wnf t atraat mwiinM by the Flnnemores each of the two chll- oren, ogea two ana four years, respective ly, was found dressed In a short calico garment They wore no underclothing, shoes or stockings, and they wero very dirty. In court yesterday Flnnemore testified that at times he earned as much as $18 or 120 a week. In th nthnr half the same house was a family consisting wi u man ana nis wire ana rour children. All the children were out of school, one with a withered arm having Just been Bent home on nrnnunt nt hla nh..t.i condition. The boy wore no underclothing and his body was unclean. un JLAscelle street In a family, where bad conditions were found, one of the chil dren la a mute. This family Is said to be long tO MorrlSVllle. Th mnn (a nn 11 years old. For his first wife he married a H-ysar-oia girl and of this union two children wero born. The wife died and tho man married another 14.venr.niri e-iri wn them 11 children were born. Four are In ine mate industrial sohool. In another home on Lascelle street was found a family consisting nf two man mtnA their wives, another woman, now out of tne nouse 01 correction on parole who is a Bister of the other two women, and 10 Children. The family oaatinfari thn. and there were two beds in the tenements. uho uuuoie ana one tnree-quarters bed. un tne same street were found condi tions filthy and unssnltarv In n t,n.& .v.- J ... . I.VIIIC, LIIQ wife having been feeble-minded at the time of her marriage several years ago. In a Federal street home two rooms were found occupied by a woman with three children, her sister and Ave children and a boarder. Two young men at the house at the time of tha Invminii.. aid to be callers. There were two beds ror tne entire family. The woman with the Ave children has been taken to the hoSDltal. The aanit house, the yard outside and the cellar, were prooaoiy tne worst or any of the places investigated. Evidently canned STOOdS Were usari a mut rianl n hn.li.l or more of empty cans being found In the ceiior. xnis nouse was quarantined last spring ror inrantlle paralysis. One Of the houses whera nnnrilflnna ra found bad was on Houghton street in one of the homes visited was a bed In use which consisted of nothing but a piece of floor carpeting over some springs. OFFICERS FIND BARTELS DID NOT REGISTER Story Told by Altered German A rent Held at Brattleboro Is Discredited. Brattleboro, Feb. 11. Bernhard Bar tels of New York, who was arrested Saturday by U. S. Marshal Arthur P. Carpenter on suspicion of being' a Ger man agent. Is being detained here, Information came this afternoon by telephone from the registration board In Albany, N. Y where Bartels claims to have registered without receiving a certificate that no record of his rear- Istratlon oould ,be found there and Marshall Carpenter ?has wired the registration officers in New York city for Information. HEARING IN U. S. COURT. Judge Harland B. Howe of the Uni ted States district court of Vermont began a session of oourt here this aft ernoon and evidence la being taken in the case of Loose tt Balrd of Napoleon. Ohio, against the Bellows Falls Pulp Plaster Co. to recover royal ties which with Interest amount to $85,000 or more. The defendant bought the right to make and sell a certain pulp plaster In Vermont and a part of New Hampshire on a royalty basis and after a time ceased paying the royalty. The court has found the com pany liable and the hearing now Is on the question of how much plastor nas been sold since tne suit wii brought. 607 IN V. V. M. Col. II. T. Johnson Announces Number of OMeera and Men by Counties. Montpeller, Feb. 10. Col.fH. T. Johnson Saturday gave out the figures as to the number of officers and men In the Ver mont volunteer regiments a total of 607. They are; Enlisted Officers men. Field and staff 8 5 Co. A, Bennington S 41 Co. B, Rutland ,8 48 Co. C. Brandon S , 46 Co. D, Vergennes 8 44 Co. E, St. Albans 8 49 Co. F, Morrlsvllle 8 48 Co. G. St. Johnsbury,.,, 8 50 Co. H, Newport 8 47 Co. I, Montpeller 3 47 Co. K, Bradford 3 49 Co. L, Springfield 8 48 Co. M. Bellows rails.... I 47 Total 47 SCO WOMEN WANT THE BEIT. Woman is mors finely constructed than man and she requires the best to be had In medicines when her system becomes disordered. Foley's Kidney Pills help the kidneys cleanse the blood of Impurities that cause aches and pains In muscles and joints, backache, rheumatlo pains and pufliness under eyes. J. W. O'Sulllvan, 80 Church St (adv.) VERMONT HAS REAL PARTJNBIG WAR In Proportion to Population Has More Soldiers in France Than Any Other State. Montpeller, Fob. 9. Mnny interest ing facts concerning the part Vermont has played since the entrance of tho United States Into the war, are' made public by the Vermont committee on public safety. Tho committee com posod of many prominent men throughout the State have accomplish ed many things since the commttteo was Inaugurated. Tho following shows concisely what Vermont has done In war preparation and accomplishment: Appropriated' $1,000,000 for public defenset six days before tho declara tion of war. Spent over $100,000 to equip tho Vermont regiment prior to Its call Into federal serv Ice. Ten dollars per month additional State pay to all Vermont volunteers. No other New England State does this except Massachusetts. The ratio of enlistment credits for the first draft gave Vermont seventh place among the States and Territories and fifth place among the States. Windham county has furnished so many volunteers 'that It has not yet been called upon to furnish any men for tho draft, Elghtother counties of the State have boon called upon to furnish fewer than CO men each. In proportion to her population, Ver mont has moro soldiers In Franco than any other State. Vermont, the mother State of 11 admirals, has filled the maximum quota allowed to enlist from Vermont in the navy. May, 1917 organized a full reglmeat of home guards. They were uniformed armed, equipped, efficiently drilled, and ready for service. September, 1917, held at Rutland the first State war convention of its kind. The British, French, Italian and Japanese gov ernments were represented and a special representative of the federal food admin istrator was present. March, 1917, organized the Vermont com mittee of public safety of 57 members, and 46 district committees. The State depaartment of agriculture through its farm markets bureau and farm employment bureau was of great as sistance In food production. The markets bureau received and furnished dally re ports and quotation's by telegrams and these were distributed throughout the) State the same day by tho press. The citizens of Vermont have exceeded her quota in every war endeavor, among which are two Liberty loans, American Red Cross, Young Men's Christian asso ciation, war library, war camp recreation, Armonlan and Syrian relief, Halifax re lief, Knights of Columbus. We are now engaged In campaigns for war savings stamps, Smtleage books, Sal vation Army, United States public service reserve. The day following the declaration of war, passed a drostlo espionage law, with the death penalty. 81 FROM CALEDONIA JOIN FIRST VERMONT Registrant Claiming; Stiff Ankle Does Circus Stunts When Woman Appear. St. Johnsbury, Feb. 11. Eighty-one registrants of the 500 to be examined In class one have already enlisted In the 1st Vermont regiment and before the examination Is completed on Tues day night it Is expected that this num ber will exced 100. One Is from Wash ington county, one from Orleans county and the balance are Caledonia county boys. An amusing Instance of an at tempt to get exempted because of an alleged stiff ankle could not be over come by a rigid medical examination, but the unexpected appearance In the examining room of one of the opposite sex cauBod the registrant to perform athletlo stunts worthy of a circus athlete. AIRPLANE HOVERS OVER ST. JOHNSBURY? Some of the- Townspeople Are Positive They Saw One. St. Johnsbury, Feb. 1L Several persons are positive that they saw an airplane early Saturday morning high above the village and others distinctly heard the motor. The airplane was so high that it looked like a bird, but the whir of Its moto'.- was very clear. GETS OFFICIAL DESIGNATION First Vermont's Kerr Title Is B7th Pi oneer Infantry Not Now Assigned. Montpeller, Feb. 11. Col. H. T. Johnson, acting adjutant-general, has received from the war department the official designation of tho First Vermont regiment, as It has been known since It left the State. The new title Is the 57th Pioneer Infantry and It Is understood It does not lose Its Identity as a Vermont organization. The regiment at present Is unasslgned, but will shortly, according to recent publication, be sent to Spartanburg, S. C. A pioneer regiment according to tho latest Informs tlon from the war department Is a cross between Infantry and engineers regiments. It Is generally used for policing a town, guarding stores, or munitions trains, may be used for road construction and Is generally under fire as much In the latter case as any organization In the army. It may be transferred from one corps to an other and is seldom attached to any divi sion or corps for any length of time. CAMPAIGN ON. Jnnlor Red Cross under Direction of Prof. H, C. Douglas. Montpeller, Feb. 11. Prof. B. C. Douglas of the educational department office who has charge of tho Junior Red Cross campaign, has started the campaign and things look well for the progress towards a large memoersnip. This campaign Is different from any conducted thus far because no special drive Is being made. However, any child who wants to Join is urged to do so. The work Is largely under the teachers and will probably be mostly In school work. FIVE NEW SHRINERS. lit. Steal Temple Holds Special Com. maalcatlon nt Montpeller. Montpeller, Feb. 11. At a special com munication of Mt. Sinai Temple, Nobles of Mystic Shrlno, held here this after noon, five persons were made members of the temple; Lieut. Morgan L. Hannahs and Lieut. Carl Johnson, Fort Ethan Allen, by Initiation, Dean S. Bliss, Corn wall, Gilbert L. Valentino and Charles H. Jones, Burlington, upon demits, Luncheon was served. The next communi cation will be held June 10, FRIENDLY NOTE IN CZERNIN'S SPEECH President Wilson Refers to It Approvingly in Address to Congress. SAYS HERTLING IS VAGUE. , Atmosphere Cleared of Any CoafaslM Aristae; from Foreign Peace Speeches American Ideals Restated. Washington, Feb. It President Wilson addressed Congress to-day to clear the atmosphere of any confusion resulting from the recent speeches on peace terms by tho German chancellor and the Austro-Hungarlan foreign minister, and to reiterate that until the military mas ters of Germany aro ready to consider peace on principles of Justice the United. States will continue the fight It Is Just beginning for the safety of Itself and mankind. In tho speech of Count von Hertllng, the German chancellor, the President found no approach to tho path of peace, but rather a proposal to end the war on German terms and to set up a league of nations to maintain the balance of power So established. Count Czernln, the Aus trian spokesman, tho President said, em ployed a very friendly tone, seemed to sea the fundamental elements of peace with clear eyes and probably would have gone much farther If It had not been for Aus tria's alliance and her dependence upon Germany. Members of Congress accepted the ad dress not as a peace message, but as notice to the central powers that the Uni ted States cannot be turned aside from the object for which It Is fighting, and a warning to Congress and the Ameri can people that the task of sending the nation's fighting men to the front must not be interfered with by equivocal and misleading utterances of Teutonic states men. The President was warmly re ceived and cheered as he concluded, and leaaers witnout respect to party after ward expressed hearty approval of his words. The address had been prepared after conferences during the past few days with Col. E. M. House, who headed the American mission to the great Inter allied conference. As usual the President announced his coming only long enough In advance to permit of arrangements for a Joint session In the House chamber. While In official and dlolomatlo Quarters to-day there was a disposition to let the President's address speak for Itself with. out Interpretation, there apparently was no division of opinion on the point that his prime object was to bring the "extra official negotiations" as some observers have termed the speechmaklng of the chief statesmen of the nations at war, back to the fundamental Issues, the settlement of each question on principles of Justice; the cessation of tho barter of provinces and peoples; the settlement of territorial ques tlons for tho benefit of the population con cerned, and Anally the recognition of 'na tional aspirations as a basis of permanent peace. Another purpose served, it was nolntad out, Is to remind the German Reichstag of the great distance that Count von ueruing nas traveled from Its resolutions of last July regarding self-determination of the rights of small nations and peo ples, no annexations, contributions or punitive damages. Responsive echoes among the German socialists and liberal, may In the end bring cumulative pressure to bear upon the war lords at present controlling the fate of Germany. Still another object of the address, It la suggested, was to serve notice In advance) that any peaco treaties arising from the Brest-Lltovsk conferences would not of necessity tbo regarded as binding upon America or the entente allies. "We cannot have general peace for tho asking, or by the mere arrangements of a peace conference," Mr. Wilson said. "It cannot be pieced together out off Individ ual understandings between powerful states. All the parties to this war must Join In the settlement of every lssuee any where involved In It because what we are asking is a peace that we can all unite to guarantee and maintain and every Item of It must be submitted to the common Judgment whether it be right and fair; an act of Justice rather than a bargain between sovereigns." The statement was made In high offi cial quarters that the entente allies were not consulted by President Wilson In the preparation of hlB address, nor was It even made known to them that it was to be de livered. However, it was pointed out, that was not to be taken as Indicating any lack of unity of purpose and alms between the co-belllgereents, as nowhere In his ad dress did the President depart from any of the principles he has laid down In com mon with the British, French and Italian premiers in their preceding public utter ances regarding war alms. Diplomats of the older school are watch ing with keen Interest the "extra offi cial negotiations" which depart so radi cally from all of the ancient and accepted practices of diplomacy. They point out that peace negotiations cn a great ecalo actually are going, on, only Instead of botng conducted In the secrecy of the round tt.blo conference, which was the aim of tho central powers In the early stages of the war, the great war Issues aro now being expounded and critically analyzed in tho light of publicity ard the world's forurn. President Wilson himself to-day seemed to recognize and call attontion to that fact when ho Inqurled; "Is Count von Hertllng not awaro that he Is speaking In the court of mankind, that all the awakened nations of the world now sit In Judgment on what every publlo man of whatever nation may say on the Issues of tho conflict which has spread to every region of tho world?" As has been done In the past, the Presi dent's speech to-day was promptly cabled to all the principal capitals of the world for telegraphic distribution. (The fall text of President WU soft's nddreas will bo found on Page 9.) CREAMERY WITHOUT MILK For a Week Hood Sons In St. Albans Have Been Prevented by Iters from Being Served by Farmers. St. Albans, Feb. 11. The condition of tho roads In the country districts around this city ii-shown by the foot that fnr.a week and a half the creamery plant of H. P. Hood & Sons on South Main street has failed to receive any milk or cream from farmers who ordinarily send here every day. Borne of these farmers live on St. Albans Hilt and some In Fairfax. The highway under what Is known as the "Dry Bridge" on the Georgia road, under the Central Vermont tracks, was so filled with snow that teams were unable to get through last Saturday. This Is not the first time euch a condition has prevailed, but as it Is a main throughfare It prevented a large amount of travel until the wow was shoveled out Kit - ' 1 n .1(1') V 11 it '1 1 I A t 3 tin J "V, a H 1 rt I It 'it j?.' r. 3. i 3 i M - l IV . ( TH t ' E 1 j ' vr ' '"I 1CVJ IT .1.1 it ) U t tl ' n'i 1- IT .