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THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS AND TIMES; THURSDAY, APRIL 4, 1918,
French Estimates of Casualties
In Great Battle Reach
IS FAIRLY ACCURATE
Teuton Are Sending Their Wounded
to Belgium to Concent the Losses
Prom the German People.
Washington, April 1. A French of
ficial estimate of the German losses In
the great battle on the western front
puts their total casualties at between
275,000 and 800,000 men. The Germans
are sending most of their wounded to
Belgium, It Is. declared, to conceal
from the German people their heavy
It has been possible to Identify, the
despatch says, nearly 100 German di
visions, more than ten of which were
twice engaged. Some of the divisions.
It Is declared,' had to be relieved at the
end of the first day after losing more
than half their men.
The despatch follows:
"After an 11 days' offensive, during
which the Germans have recklessly
pushed forward their attacking waves,
one may gather a fairly nccurato
estimate of their losses.
"In the first place. It has been nojf'b,e
to Identify nearly 100 of their divisions
since the beginning of the offensive, more
than ten of which were twice engaged.
Some divisions had to bo relieved at the
end of the first day, having lost more
than half of their men: such was the case
of the 46th and the 88th. The latter lias
been nearly entirely wiped out. Among
thou that have suffered the most are the
6th, 12th, 28th and 107th divisions, as well
as the 2nd (Prussian Guard), the lGth, the
21st. and 26th divisions of reserves.
"In the second place, an enormous num
ber of corpses were found on the battle
ground, and the prisoners on being ques-1
tloned acknowledged the extent ot tne
losses of their respective units.
"To conceal from the German people
the heavy sacrifices that their offensive
methods required, the Germans are send
ing most of their wounded to Belgium.
"It Is not an exaggeration to estimate
the total of their losses at between 275,000
to 300,000 men."
SEEKS TO ENJOIN VT.
Grimm Estate Claims Defendant' In
fringement of Patents In Sap Spouts
Rutland, April 1. Herman IV. Vaughan
of Brooklyn and Rutland, as administra
tor of the estate of Gustav H. Grimm of
this city, manufacturer of maple sugar
making Implements, has brought a bill In
chancery In the United States district
court against Guy V. Fish of Clarendon,
Robert H. Moroney of Rutland and
Thomas J. Ford of Clarendon and Bos
ton seeking to enjoin them from manu
facturing certain sap spouts and claiming
that they are infringing on patents secured
by the late Mr. Grimm, who died on
December 14, 191i. The defendants do
business at North Clarendon under the
name of Vermont Evaporator company.
The bill alleges that Mr. Fish was In
the employ of the Grimm establishment
for ten -years as a mechanic, Mr. Ford
for five years as a salesman and Mr.
Moroney for five years as stenographer
and salesman. The orator complains
that during their service the three men
learned the methods used In manufacture
of the sap spout in question and also be
came familiar with the list of concerns
which could handle such merchandise,
using the Information acquired to their
own advantage In the North Clarendon
The bill asks for a temporary Injunc
tion against manufacture and sale of the
spouts during pendency of the caae; for
the appointment of a master to determine
how much In profits the Vermont Evap
orator company has made from the
spouts and an order that such profits
be paid back to Administrator Vaughan.
SEARCH FOR BREMAN.
Boy Who Escaped from Industrial
School Wanted for Fairfield Store -Brrak.
St. Albans, April 1. Officers are search
ing for Anthony Brennan of Fairfield and
another boy who are wanted on the
charge of burglarizing the store of T. W.
Hale & Co. In .Fairfield a week ago last
Sunday night. Brennan was sent to the
State Industrial school, Vergennes, last
December for forging checks on the
account of Mr. Hale. After State's Attor
ney W. R. McFcetcrs began Investigat
ing the Hale store burglary it came to
his attention that Brennan, with two
Burlington boys, named Roberge and
Latullppe, escaped from the Industrial
echool about a wctk ago. Brennan and
one of the boys came to Fairfield, stayed
In the schoolhouse Sunday night, the 24th
ulto., and on Monday went to the home
of Brennan's foster father, Michael Bren
nan. Deputy Sheriffs G. P. Catlln of this
city and Owen Maglnn of Fairfield went
to the house, but before their arrival the
boys had gone over the hills and they are
at large yet. A part of the stolen prop
erty was discovered at Brennan's home.
St. Albans, March 28. State Tax Com,
mlssloner Charles A. Plumley of North
field met the listers of this section at the
rliv null tnl flfbrnnnn n n A nn In-
-.. ...... ............... .. ,-
terpretatlon of the tax laws, together
with Instruction and suggestions re-
gardlng the making of a grand list for
purposes of taxation. Commissioner
Plumley prefaced his talk with a brief pa-
About 45 listers were present. All towns
of Franklin county were represented ex
cept Bakersfleld, whose listers attended
the meeting in Burlington. Grand Isle
county was represented and Hyde Park,
Northfleld and Itoyalton each had a lister
at the meeting.
Mr. Plumley was accompanated by
George L. Tuppcr of Northfleld, a clerk in
charge of the general tax department
Seek Claim of $1000.
Montpclior, March 29. A hearing took
place before Judge H. B. Howe In United
States district court relative to the dalm
of I, !!. P. Rowel), late of Montpellcr,
against the bankrupt estate of L. A. Flint
of Montpeller. Mr. Rowell died a few
months ago but some two years ago he
presented a claim against the bankrupt
estate for 11,000, which W. N. Therlault,
referee, after several hearings, disallowed
and the matter was carried to the district
court on appeal.
During the morning 34 persons, were
granted final naturalization papers while
at Barre the preceding evening 25 persons
were granted final papers.
PRICES OF MEAT
Figures On Better Cuts Ad
vanced About 2 1-2 Cents All
Over the Country
Chicago, April 1. Prices of the better
cuts of meat were Increased about 12H
cents all over the country to-day, It was
nnnounced by representatives of packing
concerns, The Increase was due to tho
lightness of cattlo receipts, It was said,
and Is customary at this time of year.
Abolishment of meatless days had noth
ing to do with the Increase, It was said.
ARCHIE ROOSEVELT LAY
14 HOURS WITHOUT HELP
Wounded In Leg Arm Hrokea
In Tito Plncea
New York. April 1. Captain Archi
bald B. Roosevelt,, who was wounded
on March 11, when about to lead a
platoon of raiding troops toward the , lence which It will oppose with nll'tho
German lines from an American energy of Its conviction and Us wound
trench, lay for 14 hours without ed national feeling." Tho government
medical attendance where he had fall- I takes Issue with tho proclamation of
en when hit by shrapnel, It became 1 President Wilson regarding tho dccl
known here yesterday through a letter lon of the United States, saying It con
rccelvcd by a New York surgeon from ! tains assertions which are contrary to
a medical officer serving with the
American forces In France.
Captain Roosevelt was wounded In
the leg, and his arm was broken in
two places at 5 o'clock in the morning,
but It was not until 7 at night that he
was reached nnd carried to a hospital.
No explanation was given In the lot
tcr for this delay In giving him as
sistance, but It was intimated that
contnual bombardment of the trenches
made It Impossible to get ntd to him.
Tho medical officer with the Amer
ican forces, who was a New York
surgeon before entering the war, wrote
that ho had seen Captain Roosevelt on
March 12, tho morning following his
"The captain was wounded at five
o'clock the morning of the previous
day," writes tho surgeon, "but It was
not until 7 o'clock that night that he
could be taken from tho trench. Ho
was taken' to a base hospital, where
on the next morning, when I saw him,
ho was operated on."
SLACKER MUST SERVE
Edward GHIIa, Arrested for Non-Sup-
port, Discovered Not to Have Reg
istered by State Officer.
Montpellcr, March 29. Since Edward
Gillls has been recommitted to the house
of correction following his arrest In
Greenfield, Mass., under the name of
Lewis, In a saloon where he was working.
The State probation officer has found out
that the man Is a slacker and has re
ported the matter to the local exemption
board of Windsor county, so that the man
bids fair to get into service In a short
time. Gillls was In the house of correc
tlon on the charge of non-support of his
family, In which there are several chil
dren. The State will see that his war risk
insurance Is kept up and that his de
pendents are taken care of before he goes
BURLI'ICTOH LOSES GAME
State Intrracholaatlc Basket Ball
Championship Won by Spanldlna;
High School of Bnrre.
Morrlsvllle, April l.-The State Inter
scholastlc basketball championship was
won here to-night by the Spalding high
school of Barre, which defeated Burling
ton high school by a score of 30 to 26. The
game was close and clean throughout and
was witnessed by a big crowd of eager
fans. At the end of the first period the
score was 14 to 8 In favor of Burlington,
and at the end the game was a tie, 2G to 26,
an extra five minutes being played, .re
sulting In a score of 30 to 26 In favorvof
Spauldlng. Gamblin of St. Johnsbury
was the referee. The Burlington boys
were accompanied to Morrlsvllle by a
band of about 40 rooters.
FOR LUNENBURG MAN
Bernard F. Hales 21. New American
Vice Consul at Edinburgh
Lunenburg, April 1. Friends have re
ceived word of the appointment of
Bernard F. Hale as American Vice
consul at Edinburgh and of his leav
ing London March 23 to begin his of
ficial duties in the Scotch city. He
was born here twenty one years ago
and Is the youngest man In the United
States in consular service. He Is a
son of Consul Frank D. Hale of Hud-
dersfield,-England who has been In the
consular service about twenty years,
first at Charlottetown, Prince Edward
Island, later on the Island of Trinidad
and for the past eight years at Hud
dersfleld. TRANSPORTED LIQUOR.
Fred B. Orrutt Claim Friend Aaked
Him to Bring Grip from Canada.
Montpellcr, April 1. Fred B. Orcutt of
Bradford, whohas been released from
Washington county Jail, having secured
ball for his antiearance when needed at
a hearing on the charge of transporting
liquor from Canada into the United States
contrary to the federal law enacted last
October. Orcutt clalrhs he is not guilty of
the offense, but that he is a victim of clr-
cumstances, saying one of hUfrlends
placed the liquor In his Orcut,t's,grlp ask -
Ing him to bring It along on the train of
whlcn prcutt wag a brakeman, on the Bos-
1 - - . ... .
lon & Malne ranroad. Me was arresiea
, Hartford Saturday, Deputy United
stateH Marshall G. F. Lackey, who made
tho arrcst nlB0 understands he lost his
, ,,OStlon wlth tne ratiroad company.
PATRIOTIC RESPONSE OF
Brattleboro, April 1. More than 150
women of the town assembled in federal
building this afternoon in response to the
appeal made from the pulpits yesterday
asking for more workers on surgical dresB
lugs to meet an imperative need. It was
the largest gathering of women In Brat
tleboro for war relief work since the war
began. Besides the rooms qrdlnarjly
used the court room yam thrown open for
the workers. On Wednesday night Miss
Lavinla II. Newell of the Boston Red
Cross division and director of women's
work will address a public meeting In the
Brook- n..K rilninir room on tho need
of devoting more time to work on surgi
War Chest Fund $45,000.
Montpeller, April 1. The war chest fund
has reached the $4,000 mark and bids fair
to go to S50.000 before the contributions
stop. Probably the first money that the
disbursing committee will pay from the
fund will be either to the Red Cross or
to the Armenian-Syrian reliefs.
DUTCH OBJECT TO
SEIZURE OF SHIPS
Holland .Declares United States
Has Committed art "Act of
SAYS WILSON IS WRONG,
Formally States Setsure of Neutral Mer
cantlle Fleet la Unjustifiable
Opposition Wns Expected.
The Hague, Saturday, March 30. Tho
selsure of the Dutch merchantmen In
American ports Is characterised by tho
Dutch government. In a statement In
the Official Gazette, as 'an act of vlo-
The statement says the Dutch nation
"with painful surprise" has taken no
tice of President Wilson's proclamation
and that the seizure of a neutral mer
cantile fleet Is unjustifiable.
The statement follows:.
"With painful surprise the govern
ment and whole Dutch nation has tak
en notice of the presidential proclama
tion and tho statement of March 20 rel
ative to the seizure of pert of tho
Dutch merchant fleet.
"The scizuro cn bloc of a neutral
mercantile fleet, If only for the dura
tion of the war, Is an act indefensible
from the viewpoint of International law
and unjustifiable towards a friendly
nation, apart from considerations of
"But the manner also in which the presi
dential statement defends this act ot vio
lence does not contribute towards lessen
ing the sting thereof, for this defense has
plainly been drawn up under the Influence
of a completely incorrect representation
"The manner In which the Dutch mer
chant fleet has been treated in tho past
months in the United States, the Incessant
difficulties placed In the way of our sail
ings from American ports repeated re
fusals of bunkering facilities and forced
unloading of cargoes already bought all
this may be within the rights of the Uni
"It surely was against the traditional
friendship between the two countries, al
though on this point the presidential
statement keeps silence.
CLAIMS PRESIDENT IS WRONG.
"According to President Wilson's proc
lamation the Netherlands owing entirely I
to German pressure, failed to observe the
preliminary arrangement which was pro- i
posed for the purpose or leaving no longer
idle the Dutch tonnage in American ports
ana lurmsning ana oppunumiy ior nm-
ing voyageB within a period of 30 days,
Dcnding a definite agreement on Dutch
tonnage and rationing. This Is distinctly
incorrect. It Is equally as incorrect as the
allegation that Germany had threatened
to sink two ships which were to sail from
Holland in exchange for two from Amer
ica which were to sail to Holland with
America's approval, and that Germany
had made Increasing threats to prevent
both the observance of such a preliminary
arrangement and the conclusion of a per
manent one. The real facts of the case
are as follows:
"After the (American) war trade board
had Insisted that Dutch ships In American
ports make trips pending a definite ar
rangement, the Netherlands government
proposed that some of the ships should
make voyages for the commission for re
lief in Belgium. When Information was
received that Germany objected to Amer
ica's demand that a Dutch Bhlp sail. from
Holland each time In exchange for a relief
naiiini? from America, the Netherlands
government deemed It a duty Imposed by
good faith to Inform American autnon
tles thereof Immediately, so that a ship
which waB then on the way toward Ar
gentina could be given a different desti
nation. The direct consequence was that
those ships were kept moving, which was
exactly In consonance with the provi
"Respecting sailings to Cette (France)
the ship owners agreed thereto completely
as soon as France gavo assurance that
the ships would 'not be detained at Cette.
Accordingly, several ships were chartered
for this service.
"The fact Is that a majority of the ships
had been chartered under the provisional
agreement through the war trade board
and part were already sailing to South
America, but were stopped en route by tho
American authorities, while In tho Pacific
ships plying between the western coast
of the United .States and the Dutch East
Indies made regular voyages without any
impediment, direct, or Indirect, by the
Netherlands government. Tho ships now
in British ports, In and outside Europe and
In the Portuguese port of St. Vincent
were prevented from sailing by tho Brit
ish and Portuguese themselves. -HOLLAND
"Tho allegation that the Netherlands,
owing to German pressure, was powerless
to observe the provisional agreement Is
contrary to fact. .
"After the Incorrect allegation that
Holland was unable to observe tho pro
visional agreement. Great Britain on
1 March 7 made Holland a final proposal,
. whereunon Holland camo forward with
a counter proposal which was unaccept
able. Even had the arrangement been
concluded Holland would havo been un-
I able to keep It In actual practice, for
, which reason the seizure was determined
1 upon. This reasoning, strange tnougn u
may' seem, lacks one Important link which
Is Indispensable to place the matter In n
proper light. Whnt were the facts?
"On 'February 23 the Netherlands, In
view of the food shortage threatened In
the coming summer, asked America to
advance 100,000 tons of wheat on account
of 400,000 to be definitely arranged for. It
Is true that the associated governments
on March G replied affirmatively regarding
the 100,000 tons, without giving a definite
reply about the 400,000, but to that np-
parent acquiescence they attached the
onorous condition that they were to obtain
immediately the disposal of all of that
part of the Dutch merchant fleet to which,
according to the projected London Mall,
they would eventually become entitled.
The Netherlands government was In
a position to accept, because It was un
derstood strictly that Dutch ships
would be employed only outside 'the
"Suddenly the aforesaid London en
gagement was broken, on March. 7,
when the cardinal point, that ships glv
en in exchange for-the advance of 100,
000 tons of grain ships with tonnage
amounting to about half a million
were not to be used in the danger zone,
The powers In question, owing to tho
loss' of ships, felt constrained to replace
the tonnage by obtaining the disposal
of a very largo number of ships which
belonged not to them but to the Nether
lands. They became aware that the
Netherlands government could not per
mit the ships to sail In tho Interest of
Washlngton, March 2- s.us.?e":
slon of the meatless day regulations
for thirty days beginning t0-mr"
row, was ordered to-night by
food administration In Instructions
tolegraphed b all State food admin
istrators. Temporary relaxation of the re
strictions was decided upon be
cause thousands of hogs now comlmJ
Into the mnrkot have Increased the
meat supply beyond tho country s
shipping and storage capacity.
the associated governments except on
tho .conditions imposed by neutrality,
but which wore in tho judgments of tho
governments not sufficiently In accord
ance with their Interests. Thorofore
they decided to selzo tho Dutch mer
chant fleet Insofar as It lay within their
SPEAKS WITH COMPLETE CANDOR.
.... . , ,...., ,wmn '
"The Netherlands ;Kvr"X, nA$l
It Its duty, especially in serious times
nuvu o iuu jieuiiit l" Di,v"" ------
plete candor. It voices the sentiments
of tho entire Dutch nation, which sees
In the selzuro an act of violence which
It will oppose with alt the energy. of
Its conviction and Its wounded national
"According to tho presidential state
ment, this procedure offers Holland ample
opportunity to obtain bread grain. This
is so only apparently; for would it not bo
an Irresponsible act, after tho experiences
of Dutch Bhlps In American and British
ports, to permit other ships to sail to
these ports with out adequate guarantees
that these experiences shall not recur?
"The American government has always
appealed tc right and Justice, has always
come forward as tho champion of tmill
nations. That It now co-operatoa In an act
diametrically opposed to these prlnclplei
Is a prococdlr.E which can find no counter
weleht In tho manifestations of friendship
or assurances of luiilent application of
tho wrong committed.'
SURPRISED AT HOLLAND'S TONE.
The vlw of the American government,
rnnnlRitlnnlnir of tho Dutch Bhlps In
American ports as done In full accord
wiffl recognized principles of International
law nnd most generous guarantees were
given for tho protection of Hollands com
merce and the rights of the ship ovvnors.
It would havo boen within thfc tights of
the United States to take the vessels
permanently, paying for them a Just price,
but recognizing that Holland would be
handicapped after the war by such action.
It was announced that only the use of the
ships would be required. After the war
they will bo returned to the Dutch flag
In ft; good condition as when taken and
If sunk will be replaced.
Caught between tho ruthless subma
rine warfaro of Germany and the need
of tho allies for self-preservation against
the illegal practices of that nation, Hol
land Is conceded to have had a most
difficult timo In satisfying demands of
Germany while obtaining food for her own
people. The allies promised to allow
from their scant store sufficient grain and
other commodities in return for ship
ping. Holland was willing, but Germany re
fused to allow tho agreement to go
through, threatening to torpedo ships
leaving Dutch harbors in return for food
ships sent from America. Under the cir-
cumstances and after waiting two months,
the United States and the allies took
over the Dutch vessols Idle In their ports
in oraer io restore mem to meir nor-
Protest naturally was expected from
Holland, but officials frankly were sur
prised to-night at the tone of the official
STATE BUILDING COMPLETED
Finishing Touches Being Made Geo
logirnl Department May Not Be In
stalledGovernor to Have Pri
vate Phone Line.
Montpeller, April 1. The finishing
touches, such as washing windows and
general cleaning up In the new State
building, wero being made to-day. To
morrow, Mr. Jordan of the George Kelley
Construction company said, he was ex
pecting to turn the building over to the
State. There Is a little painting to be done
and some work which does not come
within tho contract, but will be soon
finished. The grading of .the lawns will be
done by the State that tieing one of the
things which the State has In charge.
Then will come the allotment of offices.
Thus far, none of them Is settled upon,
excepting the State library and the su
preme court room and companion offices,
which take most of the space In the build
Whether the geological department will
go with the library, as the law provides,
is not yet decided. It Is understood thero
Is some opposition by the library trustees
Tho telephone work under the now sys
tem In the Stato House was commenced
Monday morning. Manager John Gowdoy
was present to seo that ftverythlng went
along with tho usual regularity of tele
phone 'vork. Governor Oraham will have
a privato lino from tho local central
office. Ho will also havo a line from the
now central, giving two services to that
office. Tho call number to tho State
House for the present will be fSC or 3S1 and
then tho office wanted will be connected
by the operator. Two trunk lines are
expected lo h'liulle tho work at present.
Although If toll scrvlco Is as inislstent,
nc It was a few weeks igo, two moro lines
will bo r.eeclod.
ALL BARNS BURN.
lienvy I.okn on Farm Recently Purchas
ed by Daniel Collins In Ferrlabnrg.
Vergennes, April 1. All tho barns on
tho Daniel Collins farm In Ferrlsburg. re.
cently purchased by Louis Dean of Monk
ton together with all the tools arid farming
Implements, four calves and one hog, were
destroyed by lire Suday evening. There
was some Insurance. The' origin of the
lire Is unknown.
H. B. MOULTON HEADS
MONTPELIER GUN CLUB
Montpeller, April l.-Tho following offi
cers wore electedto-nlght at tho annual
meeting of the Montpeller Gun club: Presl-
aeni, u. u. .Moulton; vice-president, P. J,
Jeromoi'secrctary-treasurer. C. H. Burr;
Held captain, Mrs. R. J( Hannon; execu
tive committee. D. M. Barolav.
Aaams, uarre; delegate to State .sli
ICE IN CONNECTICUT
RIVER IS BROKEN UP
Bellows Falls. Anrll 1. Ire in hn Pnn.
ncctlcut river has broken up and has
uecii running since last night. There
are no largo enkes and no trouble from
.h i cxl,octei1- The water on top of
. ... niy six and one-half feet,
fifteen feet means flood proportion and
" imura is over 19 feet.
KD REULBACII A STUDENT.
iSl ltr: . N' Y'.' March "-The
latest registrant at the United States
fhl i, .f Kmn'vment Management at
TMiY,nlyorBly of Chester Is Edward
?. i ,C.h 1.fflmou'' National League
baseball pitcher. Iteulbach is employ,
ment manairer tnr h ti.j a.-...
Submarine Corporation of New Jersey.
FOUR ARE KILLED
IN QUEBEC RIOT
Anti-Conscriptionists force a
Battle Troops Use Ma
Quebec, April 1. Four civilian were kill
ed and four civilians and a number of
soldiers were wounded In fighting which
occurred to-night between antl conscrlp
ttonlsts and the military. One hundred
men, charged with rioting, were ar
rested. ino ngnung oeiween me military ana
the antl-conscrlptlonlsts lasted from 8:30
eveln untlf mld-nlsht. the
Tho fighting between the military and
opposed to donning the khaki firing re
volvers haphazard from doorways and be
hind snow banks and the military answer
ing as best they could, through the thick
fog with machine gum.
A number of soldiers were Injured m
the fighting and many rioters were ar
rested. Early to-night soldiers were or
dered from barracks and stationed In
different parts of tho city. The upper sec
tion of the town was cut off from St,
Rochs, whore the disorderly element re
side, by a line of troops.
Four hundred men of the Second Cen
tral Ontario Rifles, under Major Mitchell,
were stationed at Jasqucs Cartler square,
Tho squadron of Royal Dragoons under
Lieutenant Arnold!, was also held In
readiness In the neighborhood.
Armand Lavergne, the nationalist
Icador, was expected to address a meet
ing In this square, but respected the mill
tary edict banning such assemblies.
A largo crowd was on hand, however.
The rioting began eoon after the sol
diers were posted. Bricks were thrown
from housetops and revolver bhoto were
llred from alleyways. Tho ssldlers, lin
mediately hostilities began, arrested ttn
Several men took shots at the military
and escaped Into the mob. The cavalry re.
peatedly charged the mob, with drawn
nwords, but the moment the troopers'
backs were turned the crowd returned,
About a hundred yards sway, near the
Canadian Pacific station, the Koldlers
were greeted by a mob with a fusillade of
revolver shotc, bricks and Ice. Several sol
dlers fell In this attack, slightly Injured,
After patiently bearing the bombard,
tnent of the crowd, the soldier received
orders to Are. A number of shots were
sent over the heads of the mob near
Jacques Cartler Square.
As the casualties began to occur, a Red
Cross dressing station was opened In the
Merger building opposite Jasques Cartles
square, with Major Tasse and Major
Stamand, both of Quebes, In charge,
Here the men had their wounds treated
and were conveyed by ambulances to the
military hospital on St. Louis street,
PROMOTES GRANITE INDUSTR
Barre Qaarrlers' and Manufacturer'
Association Incorporate To Boom
Bane's Bigg eat Bsslaess.
Montpeller, March 29. The Barre Quar
riers' and Manufacturers' association,
Inc., of Barre has filed articles In the
secretary of state's office for the purpose
of advertising and promoting the Inter
ests of the Barre granite industry and
to handle all questions of mutual Inter
ests and welfare of the Industry. The
subscribers are Barre Granite Manufac
turers' association, Llttlejohn & Milne
Quarry Co., James K. Plrle of Barre
Boutwell, Milne & Varaum Co. of Mont
pelier, E. L. Smith; and Barre Granite
& Quarry Co. of Barre, John A. Cross of
Northfleld, and James M. Boutwell
CLERGYMEN OF BELLOWS
IN Y. M. C. A. WAR WORK
Bellows Falls, March 29. Local clergy
men are much In evidence In army Y. M,
C. A. work. The Rev. W. H. DesJardlns
of the Saxton's River Baptist Church
in the work at Newport, R. I., the Rev,
J. W. Chesbro of the Bellows Falls Bap
ttst Church goes to the Springfield, Mass,
training school next Tuesday. The Rev.
J. C. Prince of the Congregational
Church Is on the approved list for over,
seas work. The Rev. A. C. Wilson of
the Episcopal Church has had corre
spondence which may result In his leav
ing town. The Rev. A. B. Ward, former
pastor of the Congregational Church
Westminster, is located at one of the
MUalaqnot Valley Concern Has SIO.OOO
Capital Church Inrorporntra.
Montpellor, March 29 Tho Misslsquol
Valley Co-operatlvo -Creamery, Inc., of
South Troy has filed articles In the sec
retary of state's office for the purpose of
conducing a creamery business In South
Troy. The capital stock la 110,000. The
subscribers are M. L. Porter, Fred Valley,
George Wllley and some 45 othercfarmcrs.
The Baptist Church of Poultney, Inn.,
has filed articles In tho same office to
conduct a place of worship In Poultney,
The papers were signed by E. M. Btxby,
Albert Kllborn and L. R. Runkle, and
some dozen others.
FRANKLIN CO. TOWN
St. -Albans, April 1. Tho organisation
of the food administration In Franklin
county has been completed and work Is
progressing. Roswell M. Austin of this
city Is the county administrator and the
local administrators are as follows: Bak
ersfleld. Charles H. Morrill; Berkshire,
Homer F. Comings; Enosburg, A. J. Croft;
Fairfax, VJeorge H. Law ton; Fairfield, H.
F. Falrchlld: Fletcher. A .H. Hooper;
Franklin. George H, Towle; Georgia, O.
W. Bliss; Hlghgate, D. W. Steele; Mont
gomery. Eugene S. Wright; Ricnrora,
S. Carl Carpenter; St. Albans city, Wal
ter J. Brean; St. Albans town. William
Ladd; Sheldon. Dr. E. M. Brown; Swan
ton, Hollls J. Sunderland.
Two Box Car Leave Tracks and Tie
Mlddlebury, April 1. The 7:48 morn
ing train going north was detained
here several hours. Monday, two box
cars on a freight train having left the
track near the camp meeting grounds
In New Haven. A wreck train was
sent to the scene from Rutland and
the track was cleared In time for the
passage of the noon train each way.
BURLINGTON GIRL IS
STATE HOUSE OPERATOR
Montpeller, March II. Miss Linda Crane
of Burlington has been appomteo tele
phone operator In the State House and
the new exchange will be opened Mon
day morning. . Miss Crane was employed
two years In the office of the Nw Eng.
land company In Burlington, but for
three years has been toll operator and
supervisor In the office In MqntpellerN
There were about a doien application.
SW ANTON WAR PLANT
Building of the International Explosives Co. Des-
, troyed by Fire Following Three Explosions
Firm Engaged in Making Primers for U. S.
Government Wreck Said to Have Been
Caused by Accident, But Investigation Is
Being Made Dora Savage and Nellie Hem
ingway, Horribly Injured, Die Later Other
Albans, March ?8. An oxpltston at
International Explosives company
plant In Swanton, vhlch has ben manu
facturing primers for the government,
late to-day destroyed thn buildings. Two
young women were seriously Injured and
the manarer, E. T. Bradley, had a nar
row escape. The cause of the cxplaslon
has not been determined.
Miss Dora Savage, 21, an employe, was
terribly Injured and died this evening.
Miss Nellie Hemingway, 19, is In a criti
cal condition at the St. Albans hospital
and her recovery Is a matter of doubt.
Her sight probably Is destroyed. Mrs.
Moccs Sawyer, a third employe, also was
bsdly wounded, but will recover.
Manager E. T. Bradley was in the
building at the time of the explosion and
was forced to crawl from the ruins on his
hands and kntes.
Tho explosion occurred In the main
building of the International plant shortly
before five o'clock. The structure, which
was of wooden construction, was soon all
ablaze and a series of smaller explosions
occurred. The detonations were felt all
over this territory and while no serious
damage was done In the city, much win
dow glass was broken. The powder plant
of the Remington Arms Union Metallic
company, which Is located nearby, was
A quantity of fulminate which was In
the building and which would have caused
great damage If It had been reached by
the fire was saved by an employe at the
risk of his life.
Local authorities at once began an in
vestigation. It was stated that there was
nothing to Indicate that the explosion
was anything but accidental.
The International Explosives company
was organized In 1915 and had been en
gaged In making primers and detonaters
since that time. It employed about 50
Swanton, March 28. The International
Explosives company was completely de
stroyed by fire this evening following
three explosions In quick succession at 4:30
Three women employes were Injured, one
DEATH OF MISS SAVAGE.
Miss Dora Savage, 21 years old primer
Inspector, was burned about the face and
both of her legs were broken and muti
lated. She died this evening. Miss Nellie
Hemingway, 19 years old. primer Inspec
tor, was burned almost beyond recogni
tion. Her face, neck and arms were torn
and mutilated and her eyes were blinded
by flying primers. Slight hopes of recov
ery. She was taken to the hospital at St.
Albans this evening from where It is re
ported that It cannot be determined yet
whether the sight had been permanently
HEALY APPOINTS COMMITTEES
State Bar Aaaoelatlon Prealdent An
nounce Make Up of Board Tiro
Burlington Men Named.
Montpeller, April 1. Robert E. Healy,
president of the Vermont Bar associa
tion, has announced the following com
mittees during his regime at the head of
tho association: Addison county, Ira
H. LaFleur of Mlddlebury; Bennington,
Henry Chase of Bennington; Caledonia,
Harry W. Witters of St. Johnsbury;
Chittenden, Ouy M, Page of Burlington;
Essex, C. R. Powell of Island Pond;
Franklin. R. M. Austin of St. Albans;
Lamoille, T. C. Cheney of Morrlsvllle;
Orange, J. C. Sherburne of Randolph;
Orleans. W. W. Relrdon of Barton; Rut
land, James, L. Ieamy of Rutland;
Washington, W. N. Therlault of Mont
peller: Windham, Harry B. Chase of
Bratlteboro; Windsor, E. E. Moore of
Professional conduct: Alexander Dun
nett of St. Johnsbury, S. H. Jackson of
Barre, H. L. Skeels of Ludlow, E. E.
Johnson of St. Albans and R. C. Bacon
Jurisprudence and law reform: C. I.
Button of Mlddlebury. J. W. Redmond of
Newport and F. D. Thompson of Barton.
Practice, procedure and court organisa
tion: M C. Webber of Rutland,' J. W.
Gordon ot Barre and D. 3. Conant of
Uniform State laws: O. Sf. Young of
Montpeller, E. C. Bennett of Bennington
and Walter Fenton of Rutland.
Legal history and biography: A. E.
Cudworth of Londonderry, D. E. Porter
of St. Johnsbury and John S. Dorsey of
Legislative: George M. Hogan of St.
Albans, F. L. Laird of Montpeller and
E. C. Mower of Burlington.
CONFERENCE OF STATE
BAKERS AT BURLINGTON
Montneller, March 28. State Food Ad
ministrator John T. Cushlng and George
C. West of Hartford cornered here to
day relative to Homing a state Da Hera
conference In the New Sherwood Hotel
at Burlington April 4. This will be of
vital importance because of a change of
substitutes. The substitutes, said Mr.
Cushlng. will be changed to 25 per cent.
In bread, while It Is assured that the
change will soon go to 30 per cent.
AT WEST HARTFORD
Montpeller, March 28. Because of a
derailment of freight cars at West
Hartford this afternoon the mall was
three hours late here to-night. South
bound, passenger No. 2 was delayed
by the same cause. A wrecking train
was called from White River Junction.
WHY NOT BE GOOD TO YOURSELF f
If you awaken weary and unrefreshed
In the mornlnr. or tire early In the day,
are bilious and "blue," with coated tongue
and bad breath If you are suffering from
Indigestion or constipation you will find
Foley Cathartic Tablets quick to relieve
and comfortable In action. They are
wholesome and health-giving. Sold by
J, W. O'Pulllvan. 10 Church St. Adv.
destroyed. Her left arm is fractured ftnl
her left hand partly blown off.
f,d Mm.. C - I
" " iuv.'cj .lanjci, H-IIUIIlur in(.IL t
suffored powder burns and cuts about tho
faco and arms but wilt recover. Suvfrnl
employes received minor cute nnd bruises
from flying primers.
The explosion was icclder.'al but tho
cause Is unknown. The flsst explosion oc
curred near the primer Inspic'.lne table
just behind th office and within two
minutes from tho flist dotonaUnn tho
entire end of tho building was In f)amfl.
As the fire spreal to various parts of I'r.o
factory containing fumlnate used In
prlmor manufacture t'.her terrific ex
plosions occurred p'nattorlns gkis In
buildings eevftrnl bldcki i way
K. T. Bradloy, f r.eral manager of 5m
plant, was In the offlco very close to the
place where tha c. plo3ion c ccurred. He
was uninjured. Operatives ci 'rled '.he In
jured women torn and t)c Ing from the
burning building. Mrs. Pivwyer nnd the
Hemingway girl were ti.kcn to the home ot
Moses Sawyer and the Savage girl to the
home of George Jemery nearby. Drs. C.
E. Allen, E. R. Lape, A. L. Cross and
H. L. Pierce were summoned.
Tho International Explosives com
pany was engaged on war contracts
In the manufacture- of primers. The
building Is located at the end of the
bridge on the west side of the river.
The factory was a single story wooden
structure, 50 by 120 feet, formerly oc
cupied by the Robin Hood Ammuni
tion company and was owned by the
Barney Marble company.
Members of the firm include Ex
Governor E. C. Smith and C. E. Scott
of St. Albans, E. T. Bradley and H. M.
Bell of this place.
The loss Is difficult to estimate at
this time. It Includes the factory build
ing, valued at $8,000, and several
thousand dollars' worth of machinery.
On March 15, one year ago, DrE. M.
Funk, formerly manager of the Inter
national Explosives Co., was fatally
Injured by an explosion In the same
St. Albans. March 29. Miss Nellie Hem
ingway, aged 19, died this afternoon at 3:15
at the St. Albans hospital from the effects
of Injuries Buffered late yesterday aft
ernoon when the plant of the International
Explosives company at Swanton was
wrecked. The body was taken to W. A.
McClennan's undertaking parlors and will
be taken by train to-morrow morning to
the girl's home in Swanton. The girl's
parents, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Heming
way, were with her to-day. Besides her
parents, she 'Is survived by three sisters
and five brothers. She had been employed
in the ammunition's plant since It was
opened and was one of the expert work
ers. CARLOAD OF CLOTHING
State Branch of Red Cro Sends Arti
cle for Belgians Large Towna
Montpeller, March 29. A carload of
clothing was shipped from the FCentral
Vermont station jn Montpeller this after
noon by the direction of Secretary R. B.
Denncy of tho State branch of the Red
Cross. It vaii the clothing which was
sent here by th different chapters In the
State In response to the call tor clothing
to be sent to Belgium. Most of the towns
have dono very well, but some of the
larger went considerably below their
KILLED IN ACTION
Readshoro, March 29. Charles Baldwin
has recelvirt a brief statement from the
war department announcing the death of
his son, Private Glen Baldwin, U. S. A..
In France, who wos "killed In action."
He was IS years of age. He enlisted In
Company L, Second Massachusetts In
fantry, at Athol, Mass., at tho beginning
of the war. Later, he was transferred
to the 136th United States Infantry, In
the 26th division.
STUDENTS' HONORS AT
ST. JOHNSBURY ACADEMY
St. Johnsbury, March 2S. The com
mencement parts at St. Johnsbury
academy were announced to-day and
Principal Davis cald that In his ten
years' experience as teachor l.e never
had four students having 3uch high av
erage marks in their four year.)' course.
Miss Marjorio Crampton Is valedictor
ian and Xatherlno Boynton. :-alutator-lan.
Honors nre awarded Steery Wat
erman and Richard Ladd whoso homo
Is In Watorford.
Bellows Falls to Raise $5,000.
Bellows Falls. March 29. This town's
apportionment In the next Red Cross
drive, which comes May 30, will bo about
Ij.OOO. Last year n canvass to raise
the money then asked was not made,
although $000 was voluntarily contributed.
This year a very thorough canvass will
be made that the apportionment may be
FUNERAL OF K. C. ORVIS.
Manchester, March 29. Tho funeral of
Edward Church Orvls, the last of the
family of tho late Franklin H. Orvls,
was held from the Congregational Church
this afternoon, with tho Rev. S. K. Per
kins, pastor of tho church, omelatlng,
assisted by the Rev. W. 41. Bamford o
Zlon Church, Manchester Center. , Inter
ment was in Dellwood cemetery. Th
services were largely attended by towns
people and many from various section!
of the State and from Troy, Bauton and
New York. The family is bc3t known In
connection with tho E.;ulnox Houso at
Manchester, which has bcu owned and
operated by Komo mombera of the fam
ily tor over 60 years.
If one of your employes Is "just worklntj
for his salary," and not f(,r :'ou, fot
your Interest, for tho development of
your business, then the subject ct classi
fied advertising should hold Ur you as
lmrov''to and vita' forest.