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THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS AND TIMES; THURSDAY, APRIL 25, 1918.
it HAPPENINGS IN VERMONT (Continued from pane !) hns been named as acting assistant treasurer of tho Hartford savings bank and trust company. It Is expected that tho nppolntmont will bo mado perman ent at tho next formal meeting of tho board of directors. Mr Klllott has been a director of the bank since Its formation. Harry C. Hldlon of tho forestry bureau of the national department of ngrlctitturo Is In thla section of Vermont with head quarters at tho Charles Dawnor, state forest Sharon, Inspecting tho white plno. Tho Rev. Hugo Pondorowltx, former pastor of the Unlvcrsulist Church, now In aiovcrvllle, X. V Is in town. Tho Itov Seymour II. Smith for ftvo years pastor of tho local Methodist CChurch and for two years pastor of tho Bellows Falls Methodist Episcopal Church, was In town Tuesday on route to St. Johnsbury to nttond tho district conference. Tho Rev. Mr. Smith, It Is oxpected will bo returned to his present pastorate by ronucst of tho church. Mr. and Mrs. 13. C. Oltbcrt had as a wcok-ond guest their son, Mark, for sometimes past a icsldcnt of Keene, N. If,, who has been drafted and reports for duty at Camp Dlx, N. J on Frlday.-Mr. and Mrs. V. M. Clreenough have received word that their daughter, Miss Evu M clerk In tho United States wnr department, Washington, D. C has been nsslgncd for special work In tho ordnance corps, at Bridgeport, Conn. Dr. Henry M .Larson, since early autumn In the army and first assigned to the ambulance corps at Camp Dovcns with the rank of flist lieutenant, has been promoted to a captnlncy anil transferred from Camp Ulx, N.. J., to Allcnstown In tho same State, as a mem ber of tho medical unit. Surgeon Larson Is tho son-in-law of Mr. nnd Mrs. Alfred H. Watson, having married their (laugh ter, Margery, last year. Mrs. Larson Is a graduate of tho University of Vermont, '14, and leaves town Friday for Aliens town for an Indefinite stay. Tho Itev. Dr. George II. Slsson, pastor of tho Methodist Kplscopal Church, Is at the district con ference in St. Johnsbury. His re-appointment to tho pastorate Is expected. Tho marrlago of Arthur Ashey of Leb anon, X. II.. and Miss Sarah Esther Adams was solemnized in St. Anthony's Church Monday morning by tho rector, tho Rev. C. C. Dclany. The brldo Is tho daughter of Mr. .and Mrs. Placide E. Adams and a graduate of the Hartford high school, 1915. Mr. and Mrs. Ashey will malto their home In town for the present. Mrs. G. L. Lobdcll Is a new nsslstant in tho Miss M. A. Colby mil linery store Tho United States army re cruiting station In White River Junction will be closed May 1 and a new ono opened in Montpeiler. Corporal John Farrcll of tho regular army, who has been with tho local station since It was opened, will go to the Rutland recruiting office, while Private McNiff will go to Montpeiler. Miss B. Myldred Stockwcll Is a now clerk In tho business department of tho Whlto River Dry Cleaning com pany. UNIVERSITY NOTES Bulletin from Adjutant Ueneml Telia Who are KHglble to Training Campn A bulletin from tho adjutant-general In regard to tho officers' training camps to be held this summer, has been posted by Major Leonhaueser. College men who are eligible for these camps must be grad uates of recognized military institutions, who have had not less than ono year of military training under a duly assigned officer of tho United Stntes army, or mem bers of such Institutions who will grad uate this spring, or tho R. O. T. C. who have had not less than three hours of mili tary instruction per week under a United States army officer since January 1, 1917. A freshman cla3s meeting was held yes terday afternoon. Tho treasurer's report was given, then a class pipe committee of Joubcrt, Dixon and Campbell was ap pointed. Tho following ten men wero se lected to servo as next year's sophomore committee: Branon, Melby, Tease, Jou bert, Jcnno, Aldcn, Jennings, Ualgh, Her rlck and Shaw. About 40 couples attended the annual danco of tho Kappa Alpha Thcta fra ternity Friday evening at the Ethan Allen club house. Tho patrons and patronesses were Dr. and Mrs. G. E. Loudon and Prof, and Mrs. F. D. Carpenter. As a result of the Julia Spear try outs tho following girls have been chosen to compete in tho annual Julia Spear prizo reading contest: Erald Benson. Natalio Xoycs, Mildred Towell. Mirjorlo Scott, Vivian Waterman, all of tho class of 11C0; Grace Blxby, Alice Clifford, Doits Slack, Helen Stiles, Dorcas 'White, of tho class of 1921. CAMP VAIL Campaign on to Get Vermont Hoys to Work on Farm Tho campaign to get Vermont boys to work this summer on Vermont farms bids fair to bo exceptionally successful. R. G. Reynolds, director of tho camp, spoke at tho high schools of Barre and Montpeiler on Tuosday and enlisted In those two cities alono 75 boys. Yestcr day morning he spoke to tho students of tho Burlington high school and has enlisted 17. Ho goes from Burlington to Essex Junction nnd then to St. Albans. Tho capacity of the camp Is only 150 boys and It will bo necessary to stop enlist ing when that number Is reached. Tho boys of Vermont appear as ready to do their share as have been their older brothers. 99th ANNIVERSARY Local Lodicea to Celebrate To-night In Nlltutlon of Odd FcUownhlp Odd Follows and Rebekahs of Burling ton will assemble in I. O. O. F. hall, 04 Church street, this evening to fittingly observe tho 89th anniversary of founding of Odd Fellowship in tho United States. The address of welcomo will be given by County Clerk C. J. Russell nnd the principal speaker will be the Rev. Charles J. Staples, pastor of the Unitarian Church. O. W. Edwards, deputy grand master of tho Qrand Lodge of Vermont, I. O. O. F., will preside. Grand Master Edwards wll be assisted In tho arrangements by W. B. Craven, R. C. Smith, Duncan Frascr, W. C. Flnnessy, L. O. Harding, Harry W. Chase W. II. Duncan and George. P. Cole. The committee has arranged a pleasing pro gram of vocal and instrumental music. No refreshments will bo served, In accord ance with tho recommendation of the United States food administration, PLENTY OF POTATOES That Ntnple Vegetable Iteturna to Ita Rightful Place on the BUI of Fare The plain, homely but dependable po tato has regained Ita prestige as an article of diet. Up to a year or so the Irish potato was a staple article of diet on Vermont dining tables. The typical rural dinner consisted of fried salt pork, milk gravy nnd potatoes, accompanied by the' never-to-be-forgotten home-made bread. Then came tho war and tho po tatp soared In price until It became a luxury. Last year Baw an inous potato crop but owing tq n "' of causes tho price still kept tliu whlto tuber from being freely uncd. The result it) thousands of bushols are still to be marketed and the prlco has dropped until it Is no longer called a vulgar display of wealth to buy potatoes 1 In bushol lots. I And tho United States Food Admin istration urgos ovcry family to help con sumo the remainder of last year's crop beforo tho now crop appears In market. Tho wheat supply Is fast approaching the vanishing point and potatoes nro tho bost substitute that can bo selected Just now, Totatoos nro rich In starch, nour ishing, easily prepared In a big variety of ways-and now they nro plcntlfulxnd cheap, Tho government asks Vermontcrs to uso them freely. That's nil that It Is necessary to say to Vermontcrs. TWO FROM BURLINGTON Smrn Vermont to 0't Commloloim Kollowlnp; Training nt l'ort Oglethorpe Tho ndjutant-gencrid of tho army has Issued lists showing the men who have qualified at tho third scries of officers' training school as ollglhlo for appointment as second lieutenants. They will bo com missioned at such time as suitable vacancies occur, Tho following from Ver mont 'qualified at Ifprt Oglethorpe, Qa.: Benjamin F. Broker, Burlington, field artillery. Ralph J. Gauthlcr, Newport, Infantry. William A. Grant, Wlnooskl, field artillery. Harold F. reuse, Rutland, infantry. Louis Tollack, Burlington, Held artillery. Raymond A. Roberts, Kssox Junction, field artillery. Leonard F. Wing, Rutland, Infantry. At Cnmp Upton, New York, one of the successful candidates for a commission In the Infantry Is Frederick W. Baker of Upper Montclalr, N. J., U. V. M. '15. WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN FRANCE, Tuesday, April 13. By the Associated Press.) Tho shell-torn vlllago of Selcheprcy, around which centered Uia hardest fighting in connection with tho recent heavy Germnn attack on the Amer ican posts, appears to bo destined to hold a proud place In tho story of American participation in the world war. As fur ther details of tho engagement become known thcro are disclosed deeds which are fully In nccord with the finest Amer ican traditions. The correspondent is now permitted to tell of n few cases of Individual heroism, which will convey an Idea as to tho. mot tle of the men. One of them, David Griggs of East Hampton, Conn., passed through the enemy barrage at least seven times to carry ammunition to his hard-pressed comrades. Twice he was partially burled by earth upturned by shells falling all around him, but ho kept at his task. Griggs, who Is 19 years old, was so modest that ho would not tell his story, but Insisted on speaking of the bravery of others. Finally one of his comrades pointed him out and said: "That is tho bravest man In tho regi ment." Raymand A. Ferris of Medford, Mass., acting as a courier, was blown off the road twice by the concussion of shells. Although stunned and nearly crazed by tho Intensity of the gunfire when ho reached the point In the rear of the lines to which he was sent for ammunition, ho carried out his orders. Then ho asked for a revolver, saying ho wanted to go out and fight tho Germans, but ho fainted from exhaustion. When he regained con sciousness his first words were an Inquiry whether his message had been delivered. Charles Slnkler, a Philadelphia lawyer who Is now with the Red Cross and "Was In the thick of tho fighting, told the corre spondent to-day of two Americans who, armed only with automatic pistols, charged an enemy machine gun, killed eight Germans and captured the gun. It is also related that one American sharp shooter killed fifteen Germans. In a village a short distance behind tho front lines Gladys and Irene Mclntyre, sisters, of Mount Vernon, N. Y Salvation Army representatives, during tho height of the engagement handed out to tho sol diers coffee, chocolate, doughnuts and much good cheer. Tney went on with their work while the shells wero falling all around them and would not leavo until at last they were ordered to do so. Now they aro called "Daughters of the Regi ments." TO DISCONTINUE WEEKLY STATEMENT OF LOSSES Only Monthly Announcement of Sink ings By U-Ilontu Hereafter London, April SI. Tho admiralty has announced the cessation of the weekly return of shipping losses and the substitu tion of n monthly report on tho Thursday following tho 21st of each month. The monthly statement will give the gross tonnage lost and the tonnage of sailings to and from ports In tho United Kingdom. A tablo Issued to-night gives the losses of British and allied and neutral merchant tonnage due to enemy action and marine risk slnco the beginning of 1917. The losses for the quarter ending In March, 1917. were: British 011.S40, and allied and lieu tral 1,619,373. For tho quarter ending In June: British 1.3C1.370, and allied and neutral, 2,230,931. For tho quarter ending September: British, 952,938, and allied and neutral 1,494,473. For the quarter ending In December: British 782,880, nnd allied and neutral 1,272,813. HOW TO GROW BEETS Hrvernl Plantings Will I'rovtde Trader G rerun and IlreU All Season. If tho color schemo adds anything to tho attractiveness of food, beets aim to please. They can be raised In nlmost any shade of red. from pink to near black, But, color aside, boots aro a do llclous as well aB a healthful and nour- ishlng tablo dish. They should bo In every garden. A few rules to observe In growing them are given In a bulletin from tho national war garden commission, Washington. A rich, sandy loam Is best for hects, but any good well-dralnod soil will ao, llavo the ground in fino condition, with somo 'manure worked in, and plant the seed, even If two or three light frosts are still' expected to visit tho garden. Lay out the rows IS to 18 Inches opart for hand cultivation, or 2 1-2 feet for horso cultivation. Scatter tho seeds In the row at tho rate of one nunco to JO feet, nnd cover ono Inch deep. Each seed Is really a cluster of three or four Individual seeds; bo tho plants come up In groups Instend of singly. If tho seed Is good there will bo n surplus of plants, so when largo enough for use, thin out the extra ones nnd uso for tablo greens, Loave tho oth ers three to four Inches apart. Beets need rich ground, so as' to make i a ipilck, tender growth. They should be used as "baby beets" when one to two InchCN In diameter. This Is also the prop cruize for .capping and drying, Ho not make one big planting, but mnko several small plantings about 10 dnys apart, so as to havo nice, tender greens, and beets until hot wenther, when they will get tough. The surplus of beet tops should bo canned. After midsummer seeds for the first fal crop should bo planted, and one or two plantings made luter for succession crops, Tho unused portion of this crop should bo stored for winter use. AMERICAN VALOR AT SEICHEPREY RAID ON ZEEBRUGGE L Mole Guns Destroyed and Canal Blocked Munition Stores Were Blown Up London, April 24.-Not only was the mouth of tho canal at Zeebrugge blocked, but British sailors and marines who participated In tho raid on tho German submarine bases believe that they des troyed every gun on tho mole, demolished the sheds throughout Its entire length and blew up largo stores of munitions In the sheds, according-to stories given by tho survivors to tho- correspondent of tho Daily Chronicle nt a Kentish port. Until they wore -within a half mile of tho harbor of Zcebruggo, no ships in tho attacking forco had picked up the light on tho mole. The nttncklng ship, which started for Uie mole, followed by mut tered cats of "good luck" from tho ships' companies of tho escorting flcot outside the harbor, had scarcely got within sight of the light when It was discovered by the Oermans. Star shells Instnntly pierced tho thick hnze. showing up tho cruiser as clearly as though It had been daylight. jii ono seconu it seemed as If every battery In the neighborhood had con centrated Its nro on the cruiser. How she was ablo to get ahead none of iiin watching her understood. Qrcat seventeen- incn sneiis and others of Btnaller calibre fell around ..cr llko hall. Sho was ap parently hit by some of the smaller ones, but she plugged ahead and was seen to turn tho corner of the mole and gain the Inside of tho harbor. The German fire apparently waH deflected from her vital parts by tho Intervening structure of tho molo nnd most of the damage done was above tho water line. Disregarding all that had ha ntiAni.fi. flio cruiser went up to the mole and landed n large party of bluejackets and marines. The German defenders conceived the Idea that their assailants were Americans, and according to some of tho survivors, this cry was heard: "It's the American! It's the Yankees!" Some of tho Germans bolted on mnsso from the nearest batteries, leaving their guns to tho British. The guns were destroyed ono by one. while other In the lnndlng party dealt with tho sheds and munition stores with flame-throwers. Apparently under cover of this opera tion the concrete-laden cruisers, with which It was intended to block the channels, made their way through tho harbor, accompanied, as far as It can bo ascertained, by only ono submarine. As they approached tho cntranco they anchored, swung around on tho cables and, according to the testimony of one of tho observers wore sunk within S3 minutes. Ono of the destroyers or submarines exploded a charga at the gates to the locks of the Bruges canal and they nre believed to have been destroyed. Mean while four destroyers entered. Mean bor and cruised around making obser vations, but wero unable to take part in tho battle. When tho attacking ship and Its land ing pnrty had completed their work, tho sailors and marines were taken aboard again despite the damaged con dition of tho cruiser, which than began to make its way out of the harbor. . One of the seventeen-lnch shells out of tho hundreds of various calibres fired at the cruiser got well home in her upper works. Her steering gear was injured nnd she signalled an escort ship to show her tho way out, but be foro help arrived sho had found her way out and tnken her place under her own steam behind tho lines of protect ing cruisers. One man who watched the operation from an escorting ship said to tho corre spondent: "When we saw the damage she had suffered, It seemed scarcely possible thnt she was able to kceep afloat. Tho men be low must have worked like Trojans, for she was throwing flames ten feet high from her funnels nnd she made the fast est time sho probably ever accomplished. The narrator described the combined nolso of tho German gunfire and tho ex plosions on tho molo as a "ten-fold hell." He added: "Wo wero only four or fivo hundred yards away from tho point of the mole, but were afraid to fire shot lest wo reveal our exact whcieabouts to tho enemy. Apparently ho nearly Judged It. for ho threw nny number of shells around us. At a moderate estimate between 3,000 and 4,000 shells wero fired at tho attacking squadron. The German destroyer which was sunk was rammed amidships and torpedoed. Those who returned to the Kentish port also say that boarders rushed on the Gorman destroyers anchored In the hnr bor, taking them completely by surprise. Some of the Germans hurried up the hatchways in their night clothes but be fore they could reach tho decks, the Brit ish sailors knocked thorn on tho head with clubs and rifles nnd sent them tumbling down the hatchways. MII.ITAIIY IIOX'TS AND WHYS FOIt WOMEN. Don't get discouraged. A short war and a hasty pence may cost another wnr and greater loss of lives than cleaning up this war. Don't let Jealousy of other women whpso mon get to the front or nro kept at home make you auspicious of motives ,or influences. Tho organizations and In dividuals aro all parts of a complicated machine; each cog must fit In Its place and move when needed. Don't accuse tho stay-at-homes of base motives. Many of them nro moro eager to be abroad than somo that are there. Tho success of tho men In France de ponds on the energy of tho men at home. For every man in a trench n great many men nro needed in tho rear, or the fight lug lino will fall of ammunition, food, supplies, funds, equipment and reinforce ments. Don't forget that cynicism and snr casm are the cheapest things on earth but many prove deadly In their result Don't forget that It Is treason to gl'vo aid and comfort to the onemy. Nothing comforts the enemy morn tin,,. n. ft Ing that the war Is unpopular at home and that the pooplo are against It. A PEJtPETUAL Imnv Notes, had been ha ed befor th. rates to show cause why ho had failed lo take out a license for a pet terrier. Ills oft-rcpented reply to the questions v. uuuri was. Whoy, he's nobbut a puppy!" . i V ' ..L "Vou ld tho clerk ... . , , 7. 0,(1 13 1,8 rcallyr wuiun i luii io a nil." wnu "I never was much good at dates, but EvlflpnPA nrnt.n.l t .. . w... V., """ vevcr tnat the nog i n in Z ., ',u,"Pnod. and the bench Inflicted the UBunl nun. Talking It ovor a(ter-:.i. , ,,,u 11 can un'erstnnd L T Vtar' .a'! yenr aft"-e that. I wni im, Bmno,tale 'bMt same do,, nn1 It wor, ""J8 BP0" enough uforel Who's been ...Buu.m wr i law Unco last yeurV" To ndd several dollars o vnm. .uiv income, through securing a, tenant tor iiiui Hlmro room, wight help you la your uuui program. HIGHLY SUGGESSFU AMERICAN TROOPS ARE ONJOMME Odds Against Allies Big Huns Exceed In Guns and Man Power London, April 21. While the German attack up tho American position nt Sclchprey was only nn Incident of tho groat strugglo In Franco, It may very well provo to bo tho opening chapter In the record of American partlcpatlon on an over-Increasing scalo In the third stngo of the tremendous battle on the western front. Certain American divisions nro now In lino on a certain sector of tho front which has been tho scene of some of tho most severe fighting, nnd at other points of tho lino tho process of brlgndlng Americans with other allied troops Is going on apace. Tho renewal of tho German assault is likely to be a baptism of flro of tho Amorlcan troops by Immersion. Tho Ger mans, with their characteristic contempt for troops thnt have as yet had little or no chance to bent them, will probably make a specially savago attack on tho Americans, nn they nre pretty sure to bo In superior numbers. In tho early stages of the battle It wns reckoned that there was not much to choose between tho strength of tho allies and thnt of the Germans; but that cannot bo said now. Tho process of tho trans ference of divisions from Russia to tho west front has gone on steadily, nnd by now tho Germans are believed to have a superiority of 40 divisions. Moreover, they have sonic superiority In guns. As tho moment approaches when Americans and British will be facing the common foe side by side, apprecia tion of tho self-sncrlflco of the United States In thus temporarily subordinat ing the Individuality of Its army grows here. British officers In particular realize It, for they know what It means to train men for a fight, and they know the pride of a soldier as he leads his own troops Into action. They are ex tremely anxious that no misunderstand ings should arise to cloud this most unusual example of professional self- abnegation. Meantime, as American reinforce ments are warmly welcomed In France, England has by no means neglected to watch events In Russia. Naturally most of what happens there cannot bo published; but lack of newspaper men tion should not bo taken as meaning that the Allies are not striving to make their Influence felt at Moscow. No more important development could oc cur than even a slight sign of Russia's revival, and It Is quite plain that Trot zky's attitude Is not altogether pleas ing to Berlin. The Allies aro trying to strengthen his determination to show Independence, nnd hope that ho may yet be persuaded to sanction somo al lied action in the Far East. They be lieve this would remove any reluctance to sanction such action felt In Wash ington, and that the mere drend of It would forco the Germans to detach somo divisions from the west front to bo ready for developments In tho east. Tho Bolshevist press grows dally more bitter against Germany, nnd tho Ger mans nre showing grave apprehension of the effect which Bolshevist doctrines may have had In the German prisoners of war now returning home. SHIPBUILDING FOR 1919JSPLANNED Substantial Increase Over This Year's Program Is Decided Upon Washington, April 21. The shipping board has decided on a substantial In crease In Its building program for 1919 over the tonnago planned for this year, and Indications aro that the increase will bo continued In 1920. Plans for next year were discussed to-day at a luncheon nttended by Chairman Hurley and other members of tho shipping board, Vlce-presldont Plez nnd Director General Schwab of the Emergency Floot Corporation; 1 A. 8. Franklin, of the International Ship Control committee Major Genoral Goo thals, nnd other officials. Especial at tention was paid to the question of passenger ships nnd rofrlgerator ships, for which tho war department will make Increasingly largo demands as tho war progresses. For military reasons tho exact slzo of the future building program was not mado public From previous statements of Chairman Hurley, however, It has been estimated that tho construction n 1919 will bo In excess of ton million tons, the largest amount ever built In any ono year ny nny naiion. ueroro January 1, all the shipyards will bo in full operation and many old yards which havo demonstrated their ability to build efficiently will be expanded. Of tho total tonnago next year, approxi mately 8,000,000 tons will be steel. Thcro were 37 yards building steel ships when the United States entered tho war. Thoy had 103 ways, which wero Increased to 193 by the shipping board. Thirty new yards havo been established with a total of 203 ways. Thirty-flvo of the yards building steel ships ana ZJ) of the ways aro on the Atlantic and gulf coasts, 19 vards nnd CG ways are on tho Pacific and 13 yards and 74 ways on tho Great Lakes. It Is cxpecteu mai i,.-,uu,uou ions or wooden ships will no turned out next year, virtually all on the gulf and raclflc coasts. There now aro 332 ways for wooden ships. it was said that tlio conference wns the most Important In Its bcnrlngs on tho shipping situation, which had been hold slnco the shipping board was organized, TO KXTHUTAIX OI'H WOU.WIKI) WITH MIJKIC 11V WIIlttl.KNS Through wlrolcss transmission of music the tedium of long hours of llde- iiobs Is to bo nroKon ror wouudeil soldiers nt an American base hospital abroad. A radlo-pliotograplilo apparatus, illustrated In tne April ropuinr Mochanlcs Magazine, will bo employed, nermlts the dissemination of music from a Ceiurui i" liumciuun jju.uin. it Ih a device of recent evolution thnt from a central place to numeraus points. A complete ouiiii wun uu receiving scis has been sent oversoas to ono of our hospitals and is possibly in use by this time. A RANK TllEAT. Two Washington ladles, says livery body's Magazine, hired a broken-down hack, and when they paid for the rldo gave the driver a dollar In tho following coins: a twenty-live cent piece, three dimes, flvo flvo-cent pieces and twenty pennies. After looking nt this miscellany for a moment, tho driver showed all his teeth In a grin and asked whimsically: "Well, now, ladles, how long you-ull been savin' up for dls nlco llttlo treat?" UNITED STATES THE HOPE Of MANKIND Bulwark That Alone Will Keep People of the World from Bending the Knee to German j Tyranny, Declares Professor Hart of Harvard "Tho sword of the Lord and Gideon! "The ITnltod States Is tho last hopo of alt mankind. Wo aro tho only reservoir left. Wo nro the bulwark that alono will keep tho peoplo of Europe, and possibly our own people, from bending their kneo to tho dominant will of tyranny nt tho com mand of the German autocracy," declared Prof. Albert Bushncll Hart, professor from Harvard College, speaking to nn over flowing audience at tho assembly hall of tho high school last night. Tho address was under tho auspices of tho Klifa club, and the speaker was Introduced by Mrs, W. H. Englcsby, president of the club. "Wo nro the only power on tho face of the earth that can prevent the Germans from accomplishing what they aro after- a world empire, such as never beforo was ever recorded In tho history of tho world, Such an empire would Include China and Japan, and tho Germnn government would dictate to every man. "Tho Germans are extremely hostllo to tho United States nnd their hostility dates back moro than a score of years. It Is a hostility of Jealousy. Jealousy because the United States has nssumcd such great ness In tho world's buslnoss of to-day Jealousy because that greatness was made possible in an entirely different man ner than was that of Germany's. It Is Jealous over the greatest republlo In the world becauso It thinks that autocracy it. the one method of ruling that should bo supreme. "Germans nre Impatient nnd they want everything at once. Had they postponed tho war for ten years they might have been firmly settled In South America, Mcspotnmla could have been colonized and could have been made another Mississippi valley In tho East. It Is the great prize of tho war. "The Armenian .massacres of tho last few years could have been stopped in six hours had tho German government so ordered and now Turkey's murder of the Armenians who aro Christians Is being Instigated by Germany. Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey are controlled by Germnany from Berlin, making a total of liM.OOO.OOO people all under one will, an uncompromising nnd unbending will. Tho moro territory Germany conquers nnd the moro peoplo sho tries to make submit to her Iron rule, the more persons who will hate Germany and German things. "The Gorman Emperor Is not tho head of tho German war control. Ho Is only a flgurc-hcnd, so-to-speak. It is the mili tary power that runs Germany to-day. The Helchstag Is only a toy in the hands of tho military power. Germany builds her power on the bodies of her subjects. In 1913 a bill was passed in Germany permit ting a subject of Germany to become nat uralized In some other country and by i speclnl permission to retain his citizen ship In the Fathorland. That tendency to hold her citizens to tho country gave them a hold In America that was hard to break, Germany actually declared war with America by her acts of blowing up bulla' Ings, firing granaries and instigating strikes. War was brought to tho United States and forced upon us. Wo did not go alter war. Germans In tho northwest even got such a control on the country thnt only the Germnn lnnguage was taught In tne public schools. What n way to spread nronacanda: "Germany Is lighting two wars in one, It Is lighting for two great principles, either ono of which would have fought fnr nt anv time. Germany Is lignung England, first because of England's place in tiin sun. because of England's commcr- clal succoss, of England s colonies anu ue- cnuse of England's sea power. nnrni.inv Is Mchtlng Russia for the control of the Bosphorous, for tho control of the only possible outlet to the Atlantic nronn nnd the warm waters for uussia. That outlet Is ono of tho most strategic nnsltlnnn In the entire waters of the earth. "To tho United States comes the tnsk of being tho bulwark of tho democracy, of free peoples, of all human rights and liberty and of all mlnklncl. "The sword of the Lord and Gideon!" Till: WIUUM3SS IX waiifaiib Ono of the greatest services of wireless in modern warfare la in rpottlng the fall of shots. The effectiveness of artillery fire has been Increased many hundred per cent, by these Invisible Blgnals, says F. A. Collins In Boys' I.lfe, the boy scouts' magazine. In tho past the officer In charge of a battery could only hope to hit his tnrget by good luck, especially If It be movable. To-day a wireless operator mnl!ei, observations for flro control and mforms the gunner aftor each shot of Its effect and tho exact change necessary to Imnrovo the aim. Tho field Is divided into squares and tho observer sends back by wireless tho number of the square struck. The advancement In this science has been very rapid. In the nrst part of the war tho observer would fly in an aero- plano over tho enemy's lines and record the results of "io shots on a map, which ho dropped over his battery, Tho wire less observer In nn aeroplane to-day, from his vnntnge point directly above tho ene my's lines, sends back such directions ns "too Bhort," "threo too high," "two to left," etc., and tho gunnor mends his aim without loss of time. TOWN XAMIII) FItOM A POT II OHO Cnnnjohnrle, N. V (the only town of thnt name In the world) derives its Indian name, meaning "Tho Pot That Washes Itself." from a large pot hole In the bed of thn Canalolmrio creek. This natural curiosity Is a hole lut ,. i ,u, ,, i ,.,i ii, in the soim iimS: by the action of stone bed of tho creek ho water, says Hoys' Life, tho boy scouts' magazine. In the dnys ot the Indians It was supposed to bo bottomless, but as tho years havo roltcd on landslides havo lllled It to within about 10 feet of the surface, Tho pot hole Is situated at the mouth of a coruo cut ihroucli tho slate and lime stone rocks. About a mile above is a beautiful fall DO feet In height, at the top ot wnicn is a suipnur spri ng wnicn me AMERICAN L13AQUB STANDING. Won. Lost. Pet. rtoston 6 2 Cleveland 4 2 Detroit 2 1 New York 4 5 I'hlladclphla ....1 , 3 A .St, Louis 2 4 Chicago 1 2 .760 .687 .687 .444 .429 .333 .333 Washington 2 5 NATIONAL LEAOUE STANDING. Won. Lost, Pot, New York , 7 1.000 Philadelphia S 2 Cincinnati , 4 2 Chicago 3 .2 .St. Louis .' 2 3 i'lttsburg 2 3 llostnn 3 E Brooklyn 0 7 .286 THE STATE'S WORK Summaries of March Reports of State Departments to Flnanolal Summary. Cash bal. Fab. 28, 'II $699,245.00 Receipts for Mar. , 276,371.13 1975,616.18 8209,216.18 760,399.95 Aud. ord. pd. In Mar. Casn bal., Mar. 81, '18 8976,616.13 From April 1, 1917, to April 1, 1918 the treasurer's office has paid on account of atato pay to volunteers In the service of the United States 8222, 660.91. The rolls of this office ac count for 394b' men. Pubtlo Service Commission. During the month of March the, publio service commission Investiga ted 12 accidents and one informal complaint, Issued 6 special orders re lating to railroad rates and charges, held 2 publio hearings, Issued 2 cer tificates and 1 order relating to se curities of public service corpora-, lions. There was granted pursuant :o law to 16 companies under tho an-1 perslon of the commission as exten sion of authority to do business until April 1, 1919. State Board of Health. Tho report of the state board of health for the month of March In cludes a summary of the vital statls-1 tics for the year 1917, the compiling' of which had boen completed during the month. There were In 1917 In the- state 7653 births of which 3820 were males and 3783 .females, as compared with a total of 7805 births In 1916. Tho deaths for 1917 iotal.of 6522 lightly lesB than the total for 1916 which-was 6695. The number of mar riages was materially less than the previous year, tho number for the year 1917 being 4175 and for 1910. S279. The number of deaths from typhoid fever during the year was 23, the lowest record ever reached 1 in the state. Deaths from other dis eases wore as follows: cancer, 392 r pneumonia, 891; tuberculosis of the lungs, 269; influenza, 168; measles, 79; whooping cough 31; diphtheria, 27; scarlet fever, 19. Stats Institution, The number of inmates at various state institutions on March 3l3t was as follows: State hospital 716 House of Correction 128 Industrial school 256 State prison 164 Fish-and Game Commissioner. During March there were -two xi rests and convictions for violation ol the fish and game laws made by wardens of the department. The pam phlet laws relating to fish and game are being printed under the direction ot the department and will be ready for distribution in the near future. There are on hand at the hatcheries at Roxburv. Canaan and Bennlnaton in different stages of growth, brook trout'to the number ot 1,482,206; lake trout to the number of 307,392; land locked BOlmon. 93.554. These fish are reported in good condition and ft la expected to begin distribution during April. Department of Education. In order that the state board .of education might be absolutely certain aa to the efficiency of tho Junior high school type of organization in teach- ing the fundamentals, all of the chll-, dren in these schools during the past two years have been given standard; tests to determine their standing and, progress. The compilation ot tie n an 1 1 h nf thosn teats has so far been completed during the past month aa to make it certain that no clasB in; the Junior high schools of Vermont has made less than the normal rata imnMva,nonf in nrithmnHn Rnff- iiah nrt TAdin. while in several in- stances the amount of improvement has been tar in excess of the normal. Commissioner of Taxes. During March the meetings of-llst- ia1H in in nf rhA id counties of the state at which ap- pioalmately 700 -out ot 750 listers In! the state attended. At tnese meet- .iiatirfiMitiut thn bulletins containing the general tax law an the bulletin containing' the account of the tax system ottha state ar-. ranged in question and answer form which was prepared by tb depart ment. Free pudiio uiorary commission. The secretary of the free punno llhrary commission acted M State, "W8,yB,,.IB iZ. v ' I " idarV I for the soldiers and sailors wnicn tor the soldlerB and sailors wnicn was conducted throughout ttj sUte I during the Week Ot March 18-20, Re ports received from 63 towns and Til lages indicate that nearly 15.W0 books have been ontainea. oard of Chartls and Probation,, At the and of March there were 409 orobation cases and 177 parole cases jn the files of the board. This is a ngjderable decrease from earlier for by the secretary in part because of tbn shortage ot lanor ana mgn LYSANDEU'S APPETIZER Lysander, a farm hand that Everybody's tells about, was recounting his troubles to a neighbor. Among other things he said that the wife of the farmer who cm ployed him was "too close for any use." This very morning," said he, ene asked me, 'Lysander, do you know how many pancakes you havo et this mornln'7' "i said, 'No, ma'am, J nln't had no oc .714 cnslon to count 'em.' .6671 " 'Well,' says she, 'that last one was the ,b00 twenty-sixth.' And It made me bo mad I .4001 Jest got up from the table and went to .400 1 work without my breakfast!" .OOOltWKU PHICSS WANT ADS. VAX B1CST. Board of Control rate of wages prevalUns-wliichlMLW caused a considerable lessening ot the! minor offenses which largely contrH bute to probation cases, and furthaVi 'more by the fact that 61 Darolers ana probationers have boon excused from reporting as they have gone into tM 'army and navy. As a result of tfacj Inquiry sent out to all reporting tcj the board, it was learned that 288 to the male probationers and paroleri report average weekly wages of 814.j 41. The number ot persons supported, by these 288 reporting was 210. During the month of March id homes wero inspected, 6 children! placed In permanent and temporary! homes, 12 children taken under order of court and two children sent to tha Industrial school on the petition o tho board. Laboratory of Hygiene, Included with tho report t-th state laboratory for March is.,vtrle: historical and descriptive account ofl the work of the laboratory, fromj which the following is quoted: "The growth of the publio health laboratory idea was an inevitable development of the great increase Iq our knowledge ot communicable dls eases which followed the discoveries; of Pasteur, Kooh and other con-i freres in the early eighties, l-p to thlsj time efforts to control infections wera rewarded with comparatively little success, r trowing a discovery or xm speolfle cause of diphtheria , typhoi fever, tuberculosis and many othe cpldemio diseases, the utter lm portanco of making a diagnosis o: Vese infections from symntoms wai brought home and with this, the rea-j son of the failure of previous methH ods of control, was made very evi dent. Later with tho development ot a speclflo treatment of these cases 11 oecame ot the utmost importance to the Infected individuals that a diag nosis be made aa early as possible, even beforo the clinical symptoms be came characteristic. Tho detection ol tho specific bacteria ot disease was early found to be beyond 4hetablUtles of the general practitioner. "Suoh work could only be'ttonetfn well equipped' laboratories and "by men specially trained and kept ujtc the highest efacfenoy by much prac" tlce. These conditions could only be hoped for in a public health labora tory. Vermont was fortunate at thli very time In having ,a man who hal been a student of Robert Koch and was familiar with the -work ot PaH teur and other German and Vren bacteriologists. Dr. J, H Xidnsley able to elve Umato-AoMcerto tbs-i board of "healtti at that time wrest lime with, en etridetnlo oi dlpMhei ;and 'thus Vermont was one of th first to develop Its stats labonstoi iThls InatUutiott once estssUated equipped It ma natural that o chemical, bacteriological, pathologic?! and general scientific analyses founft desirable by various departments ol town, oounty-or state should fee un4 dertaken by this institution. Tans! from being a restricted laboratory civine assistance to the hoard of health in epidemics, tho laboratory , has become the scientific 'workshop of the state and not only renders esj sentlal assistance in tho diagnosis of diphtheria, tuberculosiMyphoia feer, -malaria, poliomyelitis, meningitiaj syphilis, gonorrhoea, pneumonia! whooping-cough and the -other infec ttons to whlob the human family tt .subject, but also determines in roans of these diseases, the length of Mmtt (that the individual is dangerousi 'heiioe the proper period ot QuanuM tine. It makes chemical and bsxrt terlological examinations of water o both public and private supplies tq idetarmine tho conditions-dangerous to public health. All the examinations necessary to determine that th (foods, drugs, confectionery and 'liQuorB Bold to thopubUc in ourmar-i kets arapure, wholesomond'truo'toi itha claims, are mado here. "Successive legislative enactment! have mado it the duty ot 4hq laborat tory to make examinations to dateH mine the presence and assist m tarn .control of communicable oYseasoatta cattle, horses, poultry and J'lBrJHj nas Dcen ua poucy ai ao tinn to make -for the department o agriculture any examinations of dlsfl eased tissue from any animal oa jaj quest ot the commlsaionar oranjr! the veterinarians oven uousa no ielaturo prortflftB xor -examination oo paints at the laboratory and any town) -- - - .. . .. m . . 4 lor "naiys. ' w v j I homicides Often InVOlVeB QUeUCt1 ".. . ..iQ.in Thnul , Yhologloal examination. These a,0gn8 ar( at theiaboral torv or by members of its Btnff, IaJ the trial of thejo cases tho members of the ataff are -available as witness see without fees. Late legislation, had given to the laboratory stall tha Inj spoctlon duties mvoivea in, wo ' tarv control of food establishment ai well as that formerly done In com" nectlon with the pure food conlror Durlntr the month of March the: were 682 examinations made at th' laboratory. Tim osTTUCirs om.y pbah. As a matter ot faet the only oraurj the domesticated ostrich fears is the dog,' Ho fewness Is ha that ha will unhesltat Inily attack anything that hn deems toj bt an enemy, no matter hovf formidable B and ft" enemUn lie Is apt to class all InW truders upon what he considers to be hi domain, Mr, Crmiwrlght-Hchreluer men tlons tho cnee of nn ostrich charging at moving locomotive, Beveral instances; have occurred of men having been kicked, out of tho saddle. Hut let a. dog ot any; description appear, nnd the fiercest bird will almost invariably flee with every hW dlcatlon of terror-William C, Scully laj tha AUwUc Jt