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Burlington weekly free press. [volume] (Burlington, Vt.) 1866-1928, April 24, 1919, Image 6

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BURLINGTON FREE PRESS
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VICTORY
LIBERTY LOATIi
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AND THEY
THOUGHT WE
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VICTORY UBFRT.y lOANl
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SURE!
; Finish
1 V,V" v
Although the Greaf IVar s
Over, and Victory Is Ours,
It Is Our Patriotic Duty To
Put the Fifth Loan Over As
We Did the Others - With
a Big Oversubscription.
liy LEWIS 15. FRAXKL1X
nEVER since the Liberty Boll first
proclaimed our Independence
have the people of the United
States brought to bear on any
undertaking such a united spirit as has
been evidenced In our fight for the
freedom of the world. Even during
our war for Independence the number
of Torys was not Inconsiderable and
the wretched support given to the ar
mies of Washington by the Congress
and the people Is evidenced by the
horrible winter at Valley Forge, where
our troops, ragged, freezing and almost
starved were only upheld by the ln
dominable spirit of their Chief and
their devotion to their newly born
country.
In the war of 1S12 It was our navy
only that saved us from defeat and
disgrace. Again In 1S9S our triumph
over a weak nation was dulled by the
knowledge of thousands of lives lost
through mismanagement and general
Incompetence. That was a little war
fought by those In power and not by
the people.
A .Nation With But A Single Thought
Hut since the sixth of April, 1917,
what a change In spirit! What a union
of strength, what devotion to Ideals,
what sacrifices of money and man
hood! A hundred million people In
tent upon one thought, one purpose,
and that not a selfish one. Forth from
nearly every home In the land went
our noblo army of selected men. Out
of tens of millions of pockets poured
the money, not only as a loan to the
Government, but as a free gift to
minister to tho distressed, the homo
sick, the wounded and the dying.
This wonderful country of ours has
Increased In wealth and In strength In
a marvelous way, but it has never be
fore realized either its wealth or Its
strength, because never before exerted
In full accord by all.
As with tho nation at large, so with
the communities within the nation. A
community spirit has been born of
trials, a spirit which has brought
strong and weak, rich and poor to
gether as never before; brought them
together because their endeavors, their
trials, their sacrifices, their sorrows
were the same. Rich and poor alike
wore tho star of service, alike contri
buted of their much or of their little,
alike endured the agony of suspence,
and tho sorrow of lo'vt and united in
the Joy of victory and peace.
Shall all this be lost? Shall Amor-,
lea once again make a god of mam
mon? Shall we forget those new found
tics of humanity, those friendships
based on mutual service? Of what
advantage this awful warfare, this sac
rifice of blood and treasuro If It Is not
flags are flying, the cannon booming
and the soldiers marching and fighting,
but patriotism In tho easy times of
peace is a different matter, but hardly
loss important, and the easy times of
peace are not yet here. Most of tho
army that crossed the ocean to battle
for humanity Is still on foreign soil,
SUMMARY OF FIRST FOUR LOAXS
FIRST LOAX
Amount Subscribed Number of Subscribers
93,035,220,850 4,000,000
(Oversubscription of $1,035,220,850, or 50 per cent.)
SKCOXD LOAX
Amount Subscribed Xumbcr or Subscriptions
91,617,532,300 0,400,000
(Oversubscription of $1,017,532,300, or 50 per cent.)
' THIRD LOAX
Amount Subscribed Xumbcr of Subscribers
94,170,010,050 17,000,000
FOURTH LOAX
Amount Subscribed Xumbcr of Subscribers
$0,080,017,000 21.000,000
to create In mankind a new idea of
citizenship, a new conception of the
glory of service, not only In time of
war, but also In tlmo of peace?
1'ntriotlsm
Patriotism is not hard when the
and the work of those of us who stayed
behind Is not yet finished. The victory
lias been won but only the cost In
blood has been fully paid. There is
still to complete the cost In treasure.
It was easy to lend while the Issue
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was uncertain, while the dark clouds
of defeat were hovering over the Allied
forces, but now that the glorious sun
of victory and peace shines in heaven
there Is a feeling that someone else
should pay for the warmth and happi
ness which it dispenses and which we
enjoy.
Whnt Turned The Tide
Only a few months ago few could be
found so optimistic as to predict that
this sun would be shining before the
autumn of 1919. And what was It
that brought this unexpected change
In the situation? Wo had promised
the Allies that by July, 191S, we would
have In France 600,000 men. At that
date we had on foreign soli over two
million men, and had promised four
million by July, 1919.
It Is true that only a comparatively
small number of these two million
actually took part In tho struggle, but
It was the fact that they were avail
able that made possible the great of
fensive of July, 1918, which was never
relaxed until the white flag of German
surrender was floating on tho breeze.
And what brought that haughty foe
a too that still had an enormous light
ing force at its command and still oc
cupied Invaded soil to such an Igno
ble end?
Not only tho bayonets of our gallant
boys and those of tho allied nations,
but tho knowledgo possessed by the
German leaders that behind the two
million men was another two million
and behind them as many million as
might be needed. Tho knowledge also
that whereas only one battery of
American mado field artillery was ever
In action there was on the way to tho
front a continuous stream of American
mado guns, shells, airplanes, tanks and
other engines of war such as would
have annihilated tho German Army
had It dared to contlnuo the struggle.
And it Is this stream of men, of
guns, of ships and munitions, that
broke tho spirit of the German staff
and brought the war to a glorious end
a year before we had dared to hope
for, that Is now being paid for and
which makes necessary the "Victory
Liberty Loan."
Wc Must Xot Fall
Is It a largo thing to ask that the
people of tho United States, who have
already loaned their government over
eighteen billion dollars, should onc
again unite to pay the cost of maklnf
the world free? They were united b
hind our President when he declare
for "force without stint" and this foro'
has been applied, applied in such fu
measure as to save tens and perhapf
hundreds of thousands of young Amer
lean lives which would have been los
had the contest lasted another year.
Are we to count our dollars against
the blood of our manhood, a rate of
interest against a gold service star,
some sacrifice of pleasure against the
grief of America's womanhood?
Let America answer!
The Mixture of Paganism and Religion In the Easter
Customs of Today The Rebirth of Spring.
Copyright, lOlU.Tue International Syndicate.
the Stone Ago probably worshipped
In somo manner. This period of the
year meant the return of plenty. It
was the tlmo when Nature caused the
trees to bud and tho flowers to bloom.
In England and tho American col
onies until th-3 year 1752 the year be
gan on March 25th, and so far as
Great Urltaln and tho Colonies were
concerned It was not until that year
that Easter was observed on the date
that had been set for It by tho Cath
olic Church,
Tho spring worship In the early
times was a mysterious mythological
symbolism. Tho spring moons wore
noted for tho tlmo to plant crops. So,
wo And Moon worshippers and Sun
worshippers at all times turned toward
tho East. It seems difficult to get
away from tho realms of mythology
and call It history, but In this way wo
may got nearer to what Easter moans
to us. Among tho modern Latins the
spring festival Is known as the Pasxjue.
Jewish Passover
Then wo find tho origin of tho Jew
ish tho passing over of tho Destroy
ing Angel, when ho laid low the an
cient enemies of tho Egyptians. By
Biblical authority It Is usually called
tho Passover.
When tho Pascal festival was kopt
by tho early Christian Church thero
Is no trace of the Easter festival being
celebrated In tho Now Testament,
neither do any of the Apostles refer
to tho keeping of the feast, which la
ter becamo the most solemn of all
e ASTER, like Christmas, comes
down to us Imbedded In a
strange and mysterious confusion
of Pagan rites, Jowlsh ceremonies
and Christian teachings, and It Is diffi
cult for those who d'eslro to ascertain
how and when It came to bo cele
brated to determine Its beginning and
Its true origin. Fortunately, tho mod
ern Easter has been denuded ' of a
great deal of tho uncertainty of the
real meaning, and as wo have It to
day It stands not only as an essential
ly Cllrlstlan festival, but the principal
feast In the Church calendar.
It must bo understood that cen
turies before tho Christian Church
was founded there were mon and
women who celebrated at this season
of the year a feast that was very near-ly-
llko our Easter. These wero the
Babylonians, Phoenicians,, and tho
Assyrians.
Easter, wo are Informed, was do
rlvud from tho Anglo-Saxon "Eastro"
-u goddess of the East, whoso fes
tival was held In tho spring of tho
"year. Then we have tho high Ger
man "Ostra," and tho Teutonic "Aus-
tro." who wero the Goddesses of
spring as well,
All these worships of pagan times
seem to lead ono to a festival In honor
of spring and Is moro remote than
any' other feast. That It has always
been a sort of religious festival ob
served by man seems indisputable. Its
modern significance Is, of course, quite
another thin?, and yet thero may bo
traced a likeness, Even tho men of
festivals of tho Church. The first
Christians wero gathered from the
Jewish Church and naturally kept
their festival. Under such conditions
It Is easy to understand why the Pass
over should blend into tho new cele
bration. Thoughts of Christ as the
Pascal Lamb, tho first fruits of tho
dead, onoblcd tho Passover and its
tranoltlon into the later Christian feast
of Easter by a natural evolution. All
tho Christians woro not of Jowlsh de
scent, and with those of Gentllo origin
there was somo difference about the
time of the celebration. With their
thought of Christ as tho true Pascal
Lamb tho Jewish Christians deter
mined that tho end of the fast would
colncldo with tho Jowlsh feast on the
fourteenth day of the Moon at oven
Ins and the Easter fostlval would fol
low. Thus It would seem that In those
days Easter Day was by no means
likely to fall on Sunday. With tho
Gentile Christiana, howevor, thero was
a determination to identify tflo Resur
rection festival with tho first day of
tho woek and to commemorate the
Crucifixion on tho preceding Friday,
and this was ruled to be tho casa
Irrespective of the day of tho month.
Thus In the early days of Christianity
two Easter Days occurred tho same
year tho ono of tho Jewish Chris
tlans commemorating tho fourteenth
day of th Moon, and those who kept
tho Sundar following the fourteentn
day of the Faecal moon.
Dato Set By Moon
Before the mlddlo of tho second
century wai reached the date of tho
festival wa changed, and after several
conferences between the Pope and
Church officials it was docreed that
Eastor should fall on tho first Bunday
after tho full Moon which happons
upon or next after tho twenty-first of
March, This makos Eastor como as
early as March 22nd or as late as
April 2Bth.
On several occasions tho Jewish
Passover and the Christian Easter
havo occurred at tho same tlmo tho
most recent in 190S. This will take
place again in 1922, 1927, and then
not until 1981.
In tho oarly Church Easter was
ono of tho special days of baptism.
Tho faithful greotod each other with
the kiss of peace and the salutlon,
Christ Is risen!" to which the re
sponse was, "He Is risen, Indeed!" This
custom Is still kept up in Russia. In
the Catholic Church the festivities
really begin on tho preceding morning
with the mass of Holy Saturday In
which the short vespers of Eastor are
Included a trace of tho times of
primitive severity when tho mass for
that day was celebrated In the even
ing:.
The Hare And Kgg Pngnn
Many of tho customs practiced at
the Easter season havo no connection
whatever with tho religious and Are
for the most part romnante of Uo
pagan celobration. Few people wfco
purchaso tho Inevitable rabbit ahown
In the shop window know that the llt
tlo figure Is made to represent a hare
and not b rabbit and that It he Bath
ing to do with the celebration of our
modern Eastor, but Is connected with
the worehlp of tho Moon In tho spring.
Rabbits are always born blind while
hares come Into the world with eyes
wide open. Tho full Moon Is supposed
to be a wide-open watcher, and thoso
who desire to study tho subjoot will
find that the Egyptian word for hare
ana incrr wora tor open or opener
are identical. Thus tho hare U con
nected with the thought of the open
ing of the year and tho spring1. The
hare is used as tho symbol of spring
In many old Japanese and Chinese pic
tures. Among tho folk lore of heathen
lands U one story In which Buddha
finds the peoplo starving and turned
himself into a hare In order that his
followors might have food, and later
went to the moon, where ho has slnco
lived, and the hare is a symbol for the
orb of night.
Tho far famed Easter egg has its
origin farther back than tho Christian
Church extends and has bton common
with the Jewish Church as well. Its
origin is pagan and is closely con
nected with the Idea of regeneration,
which Is closely allied with thoughts
of a fruitful spring
Curious Celebrations
Curious celebrations of Easter are
held even in our own country when
tho Penlten Brothers, a tribe of New
Mexico Spanish Indians, have a sing
ular service of lt flagellation during
Holy Week, which culminates In the
flesh and blood crucifixion of a man
who Is supposed to represent the Re
deemer. There has been little written
of this, due to the fact that It is very
dimcutt for a whlto man to get into
their reservation at that time and still
more difficult to obtain photographs
of the ceremony, yet this was accom
plished several years ago. The Peni
tents, as they call themselves, belong
to an order which was founded three
hundred years ago, and at tho time of
Its Inception had nothing of the
scourgo Idea about it. Gradually, how
ever, It developed Into a fanaticism.
During Lent these people stick cactus
needles Into their bare flesh and beat
themselves with thongs. Tho great
day of penance occurs on Goo'd Fri
day, when the Procession of the Cross
takes place. About twenty-five of tho
"brothers," led by throe men who are
usually bleeding from their solf-lnfllct-ed
wounds and bearing crosses, como
Into tho little adobe town. Tho crosses
are heavy and the mon often fall be
neath them. They chant In weak
voices as they walk. There seem to
be a strange reverence among the pco.
pie during the procession, and finally
tho Golgotha is reached. Here the
man representing Christ Is said to bo
actually crucified and burled. Wheth
er this has taken place slnco the year
nineteen hundred Is not known, but
at ono tlmo their order was allowed
to practice its rltos, and the members
of tho order tbok good care that vis
itors or officials were tabooed.
Down in Mexico City they have an
other curious custom that of tho
burning In flflgy of Judaa lacariot
This ceremony takes place at Easter
and Is a public performance. A few
years ago they also burned his wife,
although where they learned that
Judas had a wlfo cannot be ascer
tained. Celcbrntcd With Pomp
Easter is celebrated with the great
est ceremony In Catholic countries,
especially in the cities of Rome, Italy
and Seville, Spain, where the entire
Holy Week Is given over to Church
processions and to scenes of the Pas
sion of Christ. Both these cities are
crowded with tourists who pay fabu
lous hotel rates In order to bo present
at the ceremonies.
In Seville tho entire Holy Week Is
given over to stroet processions when
huge silver figures of Christ and the
Virgin arc borne through tho streets
by black robed men.
In Jerusalem tho Easter celebra
tion centers around the Church of the
Holy Sepulchcr. Ono of the customs
is for tho entire congregation to onter
tho church on their knees. On Easter
eve the Miracle of tho Holy Fire marks
tho greatest day of tho year. A hugo
plattor of Are Is carried about the
streets and is supposed to be sent from
heavon ;and to perform the miracle of
not burning a human being. Often
from . one hundred to five thousand
dollars are paid by wealthy people
who are ill and cannot come to church
to havo It carried to their home.
In PaloBtlno there Is a service, In.
eluding tho Lord's Supper, celebrated
at midnight on Easter eve, after which
the 'pcPle go home and sleep untl'
Easter morning when they have t
grand feast.
In Russia on Easter Day thoro Is the
blessing of tho waters. Wherever ther
Is a river near the town or city tht
bishops or priests of tho Greek Church
hold a service during which the watei
Is blessed for the coming year.
Thus, beginning as a festival of
spring In the Dark Ages Easter In the
minds of the people of today Is a re
ligious holiday, grave and sacred as
commemorating the crucifixion of
Christ.
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