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THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS AND TIMES: THURSDAY. MAY 1, 1919.
Why Burlington business men Howard National Bank Because Its shareholders have surrounding country and Because The strength of this tal, surplus and resources but m the character and fi ancial responsibility of the men who conduct its affairs. Because Its business is governed with that conservation, combined with enterprise make for soundness and Because It enjoys the patronage and confidence of many of the leading firms, corporations and individuals in Bur lington and therefore knows-the banking needs of busi ness men and is in a position to render them the service they require. Because Intimately associated sound bank. It combines the working capital of the com munity and applies it where most needed, while its strength promotes the stability of all the undertakings of its patrons. Did you ever stop to think ting rich on what you and some others squander? Start a sav ings account with this bank next pay day. City Trust Hi telephone rates IE TO DC IL U UL 12 " i . . r . : , lllll.L.IIL' lylll.S in iuci aiMiii. Due Almost Wholly to Higher j Wages, Make Additional Rev-! enue a JNecessity, ana ud- scribers Must Provide It n explanation of the announced in- obvious. The company must get In- uni'ii itivi?iiii in uniur ill iiiuul 111- easod costs. Practically all of those revenue are the payments made by patrons. It asks tliem only for such t!L (!.X1M11IILT I'llIlllILItlllN. llllll 11 IliliS III igiun cxcniwtyo, may nu uiieii ejuiii- uusiness suDscriners to regular e. unge service are advanced r0 cents r month, for either two party or one rty line service, and lesldence sub- r mors, unurr lie new sot euuio. woum l.xten- . oomIh nor month Inerpasi . . . .... ... . ... of nts per month for both business ami aMo,, i..inniw,n,.Q I The subscribers to private branch ! change Intcr-communicatlng systems in nay lor noin-wi.i ii units in uie , ,, ... , ,., , i Anotner plan upon which tie pun gular individual line Hat rate, plus J ,. ... ,,''. ,mWn iu ti, ore cans may ne iimtmuu over iiuims nnected to a private branch exchange an over an equal number of indivld- il lines. There also is an increase on rh branch telenhone. A subscriber to Is class of service has, however, an IllOn Ol UllUllK a IllfitMirUU ui VIL'U LUll- o,t If In Mm .minimi It will tin n,lviill- geous to do so. If he elects to aub ribe.to measured service, his present .Ail nrtftrn ia I n nrn a cnrl t,t f-ifil 1,1a unk line will be reduced to $3.00 per onth and there will be no increase on branch telephones. A little study of subscriber's outward calls will dcter liie whether a measured service con- . t , , l. . I l ,.,... ,1 unM't'.., nt f, lilsli,ii' nvo,l plmvrrn here is no measured service on rcgu r exchange lines for business or rcsi- used for an unlimited number of local tils, tho sam! as heretofore. "The chance In the mileage charge to Ibscribers whoso telephones are located yowl prescribed central office areas mply standaidlj.es our mileage rate to tut of the rest of tho country, and UlS lr on prucilc.illY uiu .msin ul But. it; 'For tho last 10 years the rates for leplione service have been revised nwitward, From my personal recollec on this I" the first increase In ex- !,ollshmont of the old six-party business no. Subscribers In Burlington will lubtless remember, about 13 years ago, lion Individual line service cost $12 per ear ami two-party bcrvlco coat $30 und xtonslon telcplioneH cost 112 per year. recently as two years ago tho rate r I'll.N stations was rcuurcn irotn i $8.(1") per year. Hut In common with radically all lines of Industry, tho In reased costs of furnishing telephone orvlco has made an Increase In rates "Tho telephone organization is piaell- ally tho last one to enmo fotward and sk for Increased revenues enable It . . - t o n o , i ,1 pnafa iniilil 1.,.. tn iln liini, ;if.ri u'urii It Tint jr the fart that, In tho early days of lie war, our odlclals advised a policy of conomy and conservation which every mploye of tho company has since re- nlnllU 1' in 1 1111 1 11IIL1I lllll Ul'lltJllll 1CIJ1" 41.... f,,..tl,a nffirt l tlilu rllr.,,'- 1 LT WIIB I1IU1 un,t . i . , , . ,.. ion would seriounly Impair the service o tho public. Therefore, oh tho govern- . . ....... tmi.it llinkit ItirvMiHuil pnslH llf teill. muni tin.-iiw .,..,w ... - - peratlon, It has asked us to obtain from lie service such additional revenuo aa ,111 .miitiln It tO (lO SO.' WHAT O.VI1 MOTIII'K HOIIS Mrs. P. Uennett, 7 AVawayanda I'lace, tiddlotown. N. Y writes: "I have iven Foley's Honey and Tar to my lit lo boy, and cannot recommend It too lu'hly as I think It is tho only modi tie for coughs anil colds," Flno for roup and whooping cough, as well as oughH unci colds, fontnins no opiates. t iVKiilllvnii. ::ll IMiurnh Htmrt. (Adv.) Ulilfi PIlKSa WANT ADS I'AY BUST should do their business with large holdings in the city and their interests are mutual. bank -lies not alone in its capi and up-to-date methods which satisfactory banking service. with all sound business is the how fast some people are get Company J T TOURIST SEASON EVER L'nr.Hnn1... r . i - ti i. rn..il ocu ciai v ui Lili e Dlill-H itns What Is Being Done Towards Bringing Summer Visitors to Vermont This Year New Publicity. Features I "Wo are looking for the best tourist ' season that Vermont has ever seen," said Secretary of State Harry A. Black of Montpeller to a Free Press repre sentative Thursday evening. Mr. Black was In the city to confer with Walter II. Crockett, State publicity di rector, In regard to the publicity cam paign for the coming season. "Ve have had an unusually largo number of inquiries regarding routes and hotel accommodations, and It Is expected that there will be many more ears on tho roads this year than ever before. From present indications, the registration of automobiles within tho State will be about 2,000 more than in other years," said the secretary of State. ' Mr. Black Bays that no radical change In the publicity program over other years is planned for this season. An advertising campaign in the New York papers Is contemplated, explaining to jtlu' l,eol'lc o that State the attractions ermont scenery, the accommoda- """" '"- iui v..- tlonlsts or summer residents, the beauty H" 8 0 l ffc" Mountains and tba ,cd ,y wh,ch l"Ca0 P'aCS Ca" b ... . compiling of a booklet showing the cottages at Vermont lakes and In sum mer resort localities which can he rented or purchased this season. Fig ures and specifications of all cottages In every part of the State are being collected, and thoso having such cot tages for lent or for sale are requested to make It known to the secretary of State or the publicity agent, in order that mention may bo made of the same. These booklets will be widely circu lated, and will serve both as an ad vertisement for the State and for tho people who have tho cottages, Something new in the line of publicity Is tho Green Mountain booklet, which is now in the process of printing. This booklet contains detailed Information concerning every mountain or any prominence In tho State, Its height, lo cation, general characteristics, access Utility, range of view, etc. No book lets of this particular nature have pro vlously been Issued by tho publicity department. They will bo circulated throughout New England, Now York and other States where there may bo a call for them. "Wo have just ns good scenery and just as much to bring the tourist or summer visitor to Vermont as have tho White Mountains or tho Adlrondacks,' said Mr, Ulack. "One of our chief dlf (lenities, however, Is the lack of hotol accommodation!) at points whero they would be of distinct advantage. Wo should have a flrst-clnss hotel right at the foot of Mount Mansfield, as tho Mount Washington Hotel is at tho foot of that mountain. It probably will take many years to bring these things about but we hope that it will como somo day." DIVORCE CASES One; C.'omiilftt'il, Tnu OtherM Heard and I'd It Ion C.ruiitrd In Anolher Tho case of Lydla Arccnault against Alexander Arccnault, which took up two full clays of county court last week, was completed early Friday afternoon. No derision has been rendored. Friday morning, the petitioner went on the stand In rebuttal and denied all tho charges made against her by tho petitionee and the witnesses produced by his counsel. The petitioner was supported In her denial by houls Matton, witli whom It was claimed that Mrs. Arcenault went on automobile rldcn and had impropor rela tions, and by other witnesses. Three other divorce cases were heard by .ludgo .Sherman n. Moulton Friday. Theso were the cases of Indiana C, Quebec against William 13, Quebec, the, grounds of divorce being intolerable' severity and refusal to support, J. J, Knright appearing for tho petitioner: Charles K. Murray against I'aullne M. Murray, M, (3, Lcary appearing for the potltlouer; and Lena Uumns against Arthur Dumas, Intolerable soverlty, U. A. Ashland representing tho petitioner. A dlvorco has been granted to Ida A, Macly In her case against Abdalluh Mady, on tho grounds of Intolerable severity. Warren It. Austin appeared for the peti tioner, lloth parties are residents of Uur-llnuton, CANTEEN WORK FOR RED Miss Constance Wheeler Tells Members of Klifa Club Some thing of Her Experiences in France and Germany Amer ican Boys Very Appreciative Before ns many women ns the club rooms of tho Kllfa club will hold, Miss Constance Wheeler gavo a most Interest ing talk Thursday afternoon on her I nVtinHnnnna ti.tiltn ilnlm, .l.il.laim .I'.ltf file the Red Cross In France, Miss Wheeler brought out ono fact of which probably many people do not think, and that Is that after tho army of oc cupation went Into Qcrmany It had more need of hospitals than ever before, for while no moro men were being wounded, tho excitement of fighting was over and It they wcro 111 or suffering from wounds received previous to the nrmlHtlco they suddenly began to realize It. Then, too, many of tho men got influenza and pneu monia moro easily because tholr health had been neglected during tho pressure of the drives. Miss Wheeler's work, ns she said, was to do the things which would mako tho wounded men especially, and everybody In general, moro comfortable, to do the things that the Hod Cross nurses wanted to do but didn't havo the time to carry out, for oftentimes a nurse had charge of three wards of 40 patients each and nil of them needing attention. She said (bat one of tho most amusing things about tho work In ono place whore ho was stationed was the effect of having so many different elements working together. For instance, In a tiny kitchen there was a French cook who was very j excitable, two American boys doing kitchen police, washing dishes, two Oer 1 man prisoners scrubbing the floor and Herself working In another part of the room. All but the German prisoners created somo disturbance from tlmo to time. They, however, did not daro do anything but silently obey orders. Tho AVncrlcan boys, she said, Bhe always liked to work with and to do things for, because9they were always so apprecia tive and somo times those who on the outside seemed most rough were the most thoughtful for tho women who had como over to serve them. Last October Miss Wheeler was ordered for emergency work to an evacuation hospital at the front. On her way she passed throueh Chateau Thierry and as It was Just two and one half months after the big fight there, all along the roads there were fresh shell holes, barbed wlro entanglements, etc., that reminded ono of whot had Just happened there. At this hospital the women who were working ns canteen workers did all they could to make everyone comfortable. They distributed chocolate and cigarettes to tho men in the evacuation trains who were going on to hospitals farther on behind the lines. Tills, Miss Wheeler said, also gave them a chanco to help tho wounded men to be more comfort able, for ns they passed through tho trains they were often asked to move a pillow or to adjust the position of a shattered eg just enough so tho man was more comfortable. In loading them on to the train the work had to be done bo rapidly that tho men were not always placed In the most comfortable position. Evacuation Hospital Four, where Miss Wheeler spent the last months of her service, was most interesting to her, for It was made up almost entirely of tents and she had to learn just what she could do that would be of the most help to the doctors and nurses. This hospital was Just about 18 miles behind the lines and even the operating room was a tent. The canvass, though, was very thick and tho floor was covered with a rubber blanket, so It was drv and could be kept warm. In ono of the tents the men who wero most seriously wounded wero brought in on litters and laid down in rows to await their turn, a long time, for many of them had to go to the X-ray room to see what was tho matter with them and there was only one machine for this purpose. Many of these men had ridden miles In ambu lances and as the roads in that section aro not good they suffered much. So they were given cigarettes or gum. They could not have hot chocolate for they might have to go under ether soon and hot chocolate then would he disastrous. The behavior of these men, some of them so badly wounded, she said, was an In spiration, for they insisted on having other men cared for before they were, and tho feeling between the officers and men too was splendid. One sergeant, lying on a stretcher near his captain, said to Miss Wheeler: "I went through tho drive beside my captain and here I am lying beside him." One thing in such a place that a com manding ofltecr hates most Is to have anyone around asking what she can do. Everyone is too busy to bother with such a question and tho person who finds things to do herself Is tho most useful. Another thing Miss Wheeler did at this hospital was to go through the wards with writing paper and If tho men were too badly wounded to write, to wrlto let ters for them, or, If they did not live, to write lo their parents. At this par ticular hospital It was very difficult to get the proper food for the men who were seriously 111, for they were so far from their sources of supplies, so she started to make oatmeal and she gavo that out to thoso who needed It most. The stove sho had to use was a tiny affair, which got red hot in two minutes and cold in ns many more, if it were not continually fed, so making oatmeal on such n stove was anything but easy, Sho said that they wero fairly comfort able there, but there was vory little water and so they could take very few baths and could do no washing. As tho line moves ono way or another, these evacuation hospitals move, so while Miss Wheeler was with Hospital No. Four she saw ono moved, Tho hospital was moved to a little vll- lage where the only thing left standing w.n .i .o u ....... no ...uses wen Mi nted In that. Everything of a sacred nature had been removed and there wero lines of beds on cither sldo for tho nurses. Above each bed was u candle and ns tho nurses wero asleep It gavo tho effect of many bodies laid out, until thoy snt up and looked to see who had cnterecl. Their clothes, which they had hung on tho walls beside the bed, ndded tn tho weird ness of the sight. The hospital was shelled onco and nil of the patients were 1 evacuated In nn hour but they returned ' ns thero wns nowhere clso to go and Ihoy weru not shelled again, Miss Wheeler i.escr.ueu tuts experience, saying they did not mind getting shelled themselves uui ii was nomine, to see men helpless In their beds having to cmluro such nn experience. Tho bombing, she said, they didn't mind, they wero accustomed to that., Tho hospital wns shelled for mi hour and a half and about twclvo ahells wero bent over In that time, Shortly nfter this somo tea which had not bteu ordered, came In unexpectedly nnd so Miss Wheeler served tea every luftomoon for the nurses and officers, and though tncy couui near mc guns roar-' lllf llinnniiriirilTn M,r ,,mo ,hcy unJ,yc iw- miio;MANY IMPROVEMENTS through Verdun, saying that In her party was Dr. Smart, formerly nn assistant of Dr. Drown s at tho Mary Fletcher hos pital, She described tho citadel under Verdun, where she found many French Mtldlern blllelod, and lold of her trip up I tn i nc inn wiicre um tot uncaiions were land whoro sho found Home American sol- dlers wno were ueiiKiiieu 10 meet an American girl. All during her vl.-ilt to Verdun It was being Fhcllcd by tho Ger mans. After the armistice was signed she went Into Germany. Her trip there was very exciting, for sho had been 111 when her unit started and so wan loft be hind whllo her papers went on without her. She was brought In In u motor convoy, however, and as her presence was unnoticed by the military pollco along the way she experienced no dlfll eulty In getting through. Sho said that sho spent ono night In Luxemburg and thought tho city very prosperous look ing. In Coitions! sho said sho saw Fred Hackctt several times. In that city condition.-, were different, for they had a building to live and work in. There they helped to make tho men comfortable who were 111 or had been neglected dur ing the fighting und to do something for the nurses nnd doctors. Ono of tho things they did was lo fix up a sitting room for the nurfcs. Miss Wheeler had a few souvenirs with her, among them ( Hro 11,0 Putting In df 0,000 square yards a German helmet which, she said, wa3 or more of reinforced concrete road ex more Interesting than tho spliced kind, toluI'nK for moro than a mllo and covcr as It Is a product of tho war, while lnK ihe entire front of tho post; rc the other was worn before the war. ' ljuIldlng tho macadamized roads within There also was a souvenir made from a ' t,lt Ioat: painting both the Interior and "French 75." She bald she did not havo many souvenirs for, as the men say, sho was "filled up" on souvenirs. After her talk, Miss Wheeler answered a number of questions. BOY SCOUTS IN ON THIS Burlington TrnpMliooterH' Club Huyx Lund for Athletic PiirpospN The recently-formed Burlington Trap shooters' club hns lost no tlmo In getting Into nctlon. A meeting of tho Incorpora tors Is to be held somo tlmo this week for organization but meanwhile 15 acres of land In South Burlington have been purchased for tho use of the club. Furthermore, remembering that tho boys of to-day are the men of to-morrow, and realizing the needs of those of tho rising generation who havo shown the right kind of Interest In out-door sports, the club has made provision for an athletic park for the use of the Boy Scouts. For Its own use the club will erect a club house ami prepare a shooting ground, with two traps. For tho scouts a small hut will bo built, nnd a tennis court, croquet ground, junior rifle range, baseball diamond and football field will be laid out. The land which the club has bought for $500 Is located about a mile east of the Williston road on the high way to Essex Junction, nnd Is about two miles distant from tho business sec tion of Burlington, making nn Ideal hike for tho scouts and easy of access to the members of tho club. Five acres of the purchase, which are not needed for athletic purposes, may be utilized as n garden. The estimated expense of fitting up the property as desired is about ?S00, In addition to tho cost of the land, and some of the leading men of Burlington arc assisting In financing the proposition. The club already has about 100 mem bers and it is the intention to glvo re turning soldiers free use of tho grounds this year. CAMP ABNAKI nineteenth Scnuoim Openx June 30 with Clark unit Mvftovern tn Charge Attractive leaflets have been Issued from the office of tho State secretary of the Y. M. C. A. with the announcement of plans for the forthcoming session of Camp Abnaki. The camp will open on Juno 30. It will be the 19th season. Byron N. Clark will again be the direc tor, with Walter E. M'cGovern as tho as sistant director. Mr. Clark hns been in France, for tho second time, doing army V. M. C. A. work, but will return In tlmo to prepare for camp. Associated with him and Mr. McGovern will bo a group of association secretaries, pastors, teachers, scout-masters, and collego students. The location of tho camp on North Hero island is ono of the most beautiful on the lake, and is rich in historic lore. All communications In regard to in formation should be addressed to the State Y. M. C. A. In the local Y. M. C. A. building. RUTLAND COUNTY COURT llurgllir PlendN (iullO Illixlilinri Who Flourished Ituzor Sentenced Ilutland, April 20. The criminal docket was taken up In Rutlnnd county court to-day and three cases were before Judge F. M, Butler. Fred Buzzino of Mount Holly pleaded guilty to burglary and his sentence was deferred. Tho State's Attorney, I'. M. M. Phelps of Fair Haven, told the court that tho man entered tho house of Mrs. Ellen Per kins of Mount Holly, whllo sho was in a hospital and carried away practically everything that was In it, Including fur niture, bedding and clothing Search for these things revealed many articles lost by some of Buzzino's other neigh bors and It Is believed that ho has stolen on a wholesale plan, Fred Nault of Ilutland, who was tried for assault with Intent to kill, tho jury bringing in a verdict for slmplo assault, was sentenced to servo not less than threo months nor more than three years at tho Houso of Correction. Incensed by his wife's actions with other men Nault nourished a razor and struck at her with it. llaymond Burko of this city, ago 10 years, pleaded guilty to criminal assault upon Miss Maud Kendall of Danby and was placed on a suspended sentence of not less than two years nor moro than five at the House of Correction, PLEDGE $12,000 TOWARD REDUCING CHURCH DEBT St. Johnibury, April 29. This was a red letter night In tho history of Graco I Hlntlin.Hu, r.h,,rnll wllOrO 11 llMlimint H'!IU . lu.a , ,.. tho cl)t of mm whlch ., , hanging over tho now building I (prt four nBO on tho Hlte ot , ; 1)Urnci, fitrut.turc. Nno subscriptions of $1,0U0 each were recuived and others amounting to $12,000. The ltev. Georgo A. Martin then announced that no moro subscriptions would bo taken to-night hut that an attempt would bo made to get the other fS.OOl) before tho end of tho week. WELCOME FOR HEROES ( scLoiluletl ArrUf Montpeller Some Time ThU MornlHK Montncller. April 29. A. G, Eaton, ehalr- man of tho committee on the soldiers' 1 celebration, to-dny received a tnesango 1 from tho conductor on tho night train, stutlnir that 25 soldiers en route lo Mont, iteller will arrive hero nt four o clock thl morning. Tho citizens, of the city, Mont- poller Military nan... uiu lerepuoii committee composed of Mayor Slnirtlcff nnd several cx-inayoM will meet tho sol diers nt the train. AT FORTJTHAN ALLEN Quartermaster Young Carrying out Orders to Make It the Equal of Any Post in Country Near a City of 35,000 Population Fort Ethan Allen Is not only lo be a permanent military post, but It Is to bo ono of the most up-to-date military posts In the country. A short tlmo ngo, Lieut. W. D. Young, jmst quartermaster, re ceived a mcssago from headquarters say ing "Make your post equal to any post in tho country In tho vicinity of a city of 3Ti,000 population." Theso orders nro now being carried out under expert supervision, nnd Fort Ethan Allen Is rapidly tuklng on a much Improved ap pearance, Among tho moro Important Improve- incms wnicn arc now Doing made, or which will soon be started at tho fort, exterior of every building on the post. luguiner wiin an necessary repairs of same; building a new rxlnforccd concrete loading platform where the old wooden platform now stnnds; putting tho rlflo ranges and tho flro apparatus Into flrst class shape, nnd building a cemetery. Major H. C. Brubakcr of the Washing ton office has general supervision of put ting Fort Ethan Allen In first class shape. He already made Severn! trips here to look over the situation, and he Is ex pected here again during the second week In May to see how repairs have progressed and to superintend further Improvements. At the post, Lieut. W. D. Young, post quartermaster, hns general supervision of the plans, while H. D. Mcintosh is In charge of tho construction work. John W. Duff of Boston haB the con tract for building the reinforced concrete road in front of tho pos.t, and he will begin work Wednesday of this week. The contract to re-build tho macadam roads Inside the post has been awarded to the Adams-Iluxton company of Springfield, Mass. This, company will begin work about the middle of May, according to present plans. All theso roads havo to bo finished by August 1, as tho contracts state. It Is expected that they will bo finished somo time in July, If not by the latter part of June. Lieutenant Young has received tho as surance of the State engineer that tho State of Vermont will assist In putting Into condition the roads leading up to the post, both from Wlnooskl and from Essex Junction, and It is also understood that the town of Essex will help in this work, so that first olass roads between Burlington and Essex Junction will bo! the result. It is thought only fair by Lieutenant Young and thoso associated with him In this project of building up the post, that the State should meet the federal govern ment half way In putting In good roads in tho vicinity of Fort Ethan Allen, and with the assurance that the government will go ahead with the building of tho road In front of tho post, thero seems to bo no doubt but that the other roads adjoining will be put In shapo by tho fatate and surrounding towns. ltoad rollers, concroto mixers, sewer pipes, lumber and In fact all the material needed to carry on tho work contemplated Is being shipped Into Fort Ethan Allen from other camps nnd cantonments which have been abandoned since tho closo of tho war, and It looks as though the gov ernment is taking up tho work at tha post in earnest. Among the repairs now being made In tho buildings are tho installation of furnaces, plumbing and heating ap paratus of various kinds, plastering, brickwork, cement work, and everything which will make tho buildings tho most up-to-dato possible. Tho rlflo ranges are all being banked up, new numbers put on nnd everything In connection with them put lntot!p-top con dition. Additional hydrants for fire pro tection aro being Installed, and an order was placed yesterday whereby the pres ent hydrants will be fitted out so that tho hose connections of Burlington fire depart ment will fit them, something which has not been taken caro of In the past. An entirely new thing at tho post Is the cemetery. There has been no cemetery in the past. This one Is being prepared on a plot of ground, 400 by 250, ut the end of tho Post nearest Burlington, on the right side of the road, - going toward Essex. Driveways and walks are being laid out, so that tho cemetery will be an artistic feature of the grounds. It is expected that this work will bo completed about the middlo of May, as will the rifle range. At tho Post at present aro 12 new Hurl burt trucks which havo Just been added to tho equipment nd which will be usod in the work of rebuilding, being driven by men from tho motor transport division now stationed at the Post. Three more machines aro soon to arrive for the use of tho ofliccrs. Thero aro now 130 civilians employed at tho Post in connection with this work, and tho average weokly pay roll Is around J3.O00. From 70 to 150 moro men will be employed thero when the road building gets under way, so that Fort Ethan Allen will undoubtedly bo a busy place this summer In tho lino of construction. It Is of note that tho sand to bo used In road construction will be taken wholly from tho Post Itself. It Is understood that thero is only one other camp in tho coun try which would bo nble to furnish Its own sand for work of this kind. UNITY LECTURE Demi l'crkl.i" l)eerlbr Nome Shrlnrs of Religion lu the Eoit Boforo the members of Unity and their friends, Dean G. H. Perkins of tho Uni versity of Vermont gave a vory Interest ing lecture Friday night on "Tho Shrines of Itcllglou In the East." Denn Perkins showed that the religious feeling In man Is manifested by tho temples ho has built, Ho said that a greater amount of time, money nnd energy has been spent on religious edifices than on nny other kinds of buildings. It has been said that us printing increased architecture de creased for beforo thero was any print ing man put his Ideas on tho walls and pillars of his temples. To Illustrate his lecture ho showed pic tures of temples of Egypt, China. Jupun, Burma nnd India. "Tho difference be tweeu these temple," ho said, "is very great. Each has Its own character and that Bhows not only the period In which It was built but tho character of tho people who built it. "Tho temples of Egypt aro not beauti ful but they aro mnsslvc, hugo, Impres sive, stern and contrasted with most of tho other buildings In that country, nre really very wondreful, for the houses there aro simply mud hovels whllo tho temples nro oxiimples of vast strong architecture," Bald the speaker. "In China and especially Japan wo find temples of far moro recent origin nnd I wholly different. Instcnd of heavy, I gigantic buildings they are light, airy, and graceful. Instead of stone, wo find they nro built of wood with very elaborate carvings nnd high colorings, J The Interiors ntu superb In gildings nnd tn lacquer. Instead of being onn huge ' building, Japan's templcH are n group of small buildings surrounded by large ever green trees which give n sombro atmos phere lo tho surroundings. "In Hurma wo como again to a wholly different typo and one very unllko any thing wo sco in tho west. There we find groups of small temples massed together In great numbers. Somo of these, are simply shrines whllo others nro large. Tho Swc Dat;on which Is it towcr-llko structure 400 fett hlh with many gold trimmings nnd many Jewels Is regarded by some ns the most splendid religious edifice In the world. It Is many hundreds of years old and cost millions of dollnrs Aside from thin temple, however, the ' members of the Knights of Columbus and others nre small but elegant, decorated ! their ladles from tho cntlro State on May with profuse carvings and an abundance 27 and 28, when tho 21st mutual conven or bright ornamenta which In tho tropical tlon of the Stato Council, Knights of Co pun aro always seen from afar. As a lumbus, will bo held. It is planned by th rule Burmese temples nre not beautiful committee from DeGoesbriand Council of but moro In detail and the carvings aro especially fine. "In India wo find two groups of temples. Thoso In tho southern pnrt nre entirely different from thoso of tho north. Tho Tlln.li. tnmtilna nf Mnlltli Imtln nt'O llltirn pyramidal towers completely covered with ....1.1 Ib nf MnAn .,,tV.n1nlnnt gold carvings of Images and mythological Bymbols and decorated with Jewels. "In northern India the temples of tho Mogul emperors nro entirely different. Tower Is replaced by dome and minaret and tho buildings, all of stone, nro large and moro or less square but they nre ornamented with tho most dellcnto and olahorato carvings, with exqulslto inlaid work In colored stones composed of wreaths and masses of flowers. The effect Is charming beyond words, Prob ably no building In the world equals In daintiness nnd elaborateness of orna mentation nnd symmetry of proportion tho temples of northern India. Tho Taj Mahal Is considered by most authorities who havo scon it as tho most oxqulslto building every constructed." Tim MAN WHO MADE IlEFIUG ERA TORS POPULAR The history of the science of the pres ervation of food in household use reads like a romance. In the years of 1&30 to 1885, very few refrigerators wore on the market. Peo ple did not know what tho word meant and those of them that were used wero provision chnmber on tho outside of tho Ico tank and thus leaving the odors of various kinds of foods within tho pro vision chamber to spoil the flavor of any of the delicate foods like milk and butter. With wages at 41.23 per day It was rather difficult at that time for any ono to own even a sweat box which cost $25 to $75. It wn just nt that tlmo that C II. Leonard, of Grand Baplds, Michigan, now national!" known as a refrigerator expert, dealt In houso furnishing goods. So unsatisfactory had sweat boxes prov ed to his customers that he set about to design scientifically a real refrigerator. In 1SS0 ho took out his first patent, cov ering tho removable Hue, a patent which was soon pirated away from him due to failure of the patent to mention tho wa ter dam behind the flue. Mr. Leonard's passion was to offer good refrigerators at fair prices, and so, In a rented factory, he commenced to build them himself, and nfter three years of experience selling refrigerators at less than they cost him to build, he finally so lowered costs that ho commenced to make a little money. His next step was to Improve refrigerators and he pat ented! the airtight lock for the doors In 1885. The next year ho invented an im proved shelf made from ono piece of gal vanized steel which supplanted the wood en shelves and the shelves made of scraps of galvanized iron soldered together. In 1S87 ho created a water-proof construc tion for the back of tho inside box which returned the water from accidental leak age to the waste-pipe and lengthened each refrigerator's life. Successively, he In vented an air-proof trap, an all metal lco rack, the latter of which added clean liness to home refrigeration. He was constantly forcing down, as did Ford in the automobile field, with tho result that by 1900, good, dry-air refrig erators retailed at from $10 to $35. Mr. Leonard's big refrigerator feature was the fact that they were cleanable. and ho decided to call his refrigerators, "Leonard Cleanablo rtefrigerators." On first application, tho copyright depart ment at Washington refused to register tho word, but after it had been used for many years and because thero was no such word In tho dictionary, they allow ed its registration In 1908. Still, with all this succcess behind him, Mr. Leonard was not satisfied. It was In 1901 that he achieved the biggest thing In rcfrlgoration history nnd that was the building of tho first porcelain enam el lined refrigerator. The corner and edges were covered with a triangular strip of nickel plated zinc. Still ho was not satisfied and invented the one-piece porcelain lined refrigerator and secured a patent for the wonderful re frigerators now on sale, but, like Ford nnd Edison, tho refrigerator pioneer's chief delight is finding a way by which tho same efficiency can be maintained and the price lessened. And as a result. ho is to-day called the "Man Who Mado Refrigerators Popular," BROOM PRICES HIGH Tho price of brooms ranges to-day from $1 to $17 a dozen, according to a bulletin of the United States department of trade nnd commerce. An average price for good quality brooms Is from $10 to $12 a dozen. A few years asco tho housewife was able to buy a good broom for 25 cents. Now n good broom costs her $1.25. The rise In price Is attributed largely to tho war. Less brooirr' corn was grown, prices of corn wero higher and there was a shortage of labor lu tho factories. Oklahoma, Texas, Kan sas, Illinois nnd Colorado produce 85 per cent., of tho broom corn of the United States. Illinois used to be tho greutest broom corn producer. Tho centre of broom corn growing has moved west to Oklahoma. Tho acreage planted last year In tho five leadln? broom corn States was: Oklahoma 110,000 acres, Kansas 6.1.000, Texas M),O0O, Illinois 31.000 and Colorado 30,000. This total of 311,000 acres yielded (3,000 tons of broom corn. Thero nro 1500 broom manufacturers In the United States. Somo turn out ten dozen brooms a day, others 300 dozens. The nverago output, It Is estimated, Ih about 75 dozen brooms a day or 35,tffJ,000 dozen brooms a year In the cntlro coun try. Despite the Introduction ot vncuum cleaners, oil mops and other new uppllnncos for cleaning houses, the broom, It Is said, continues to hold its traditional place In household economy and Is widely .and generally used as ever. D. E. BNYDKB APPOINTED Rutland, April 28.-A, W. Leonard of Glens Falls, N. Y., who had been engaged by Mayor J. C. Dunn ns commissioner of public works of this city having decided not to accept tho appointment because of u moro remunerative ono In Florida. Tho city hns cngntfed Donald E. Snyder of Albany, N, Y for seven years assistant engineer of public works for that city. Mr. Snyder Is a graduato of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. STATE CONVENTION OF OF DeGoesbriand Council of This City to Be Host on May 2G, 27 and 28 Boatride on Lake Champlain a Feature of the Meeting Iiurllngton, the Queen City of Vermont, will be tho meccn for about n hundred this city, which will bo tho host for tho occasion, to make tho convention a mem orable one, and u program of unusual In terest nnd activity has been arranged. Tho convention will be held on the 27th. .'llltl SStll Dl'dDfT In the fll t liril rn I IllL'h j school and will bo officially called to order l.lt !:Oft n tn nil t tin Wth 1,1. ttin Stnln ttnn. at 2:00 p. m. on tho 27th by tho Stato Dep uty Thomas B. Wright of DeGocsbrlana Council as presiding deputy. On Monday night, tho 2Cth, at 8:13 o'clock at tho auditorium of tho Cathedral high school a playctto "Young America," In which 300 children of tho Cathedral high school participate, will bo given. On Tuesday morning at nine o'clock a solemn pontifical mass at the Cathedral of tho Imtnaculntc Conception will bo cele brated. The members of the fourth de gree, delegates and sir knights will meet at DeGoesbriand Council rooms' at 8:30 a. m. and thence march to the Cathedral and assist at the mass. Tuesday afternoon nn auto ride and sight-seeing tour will bo given by tho la dles of the members of DeGoesbriand Council to tho visiting ladles and their friends, visiting Shclburne Farms, the view from Ledge road, Holt's, tho episco pal residence of Bishop J. J. Bice, Univer sity buildings, St. Mary's convent. Fort Ethan Allen, Fanny Allen hospital, St. Michael's College, and Ethan Allen Park. Here cars will be parked and the visitors will climb Ethan Allen tower, the famous Indian lookout of tho Champlain valley. j Tuesday evening tho annual Knights ot Columbus ball and supper will bo given at tho New Sherwood Hotel, Tickets for this affair are reserved for a "limited number and prompt reservation is necessary to Insuie the getting of one. Fred Lynch Is chairman of the ticket committee nnd Philip Brannon is chairman of tho ball committee. On Wednesday morning, probably at nine o'clock, the exact time to be an nounced later, tho convention will be naln called to order by Stato Deputy Thomas B. Wright of this city. This ses sion will ho taken up by the election of State officers, delegates to the national convention at Buffalo, reports ot officers and other business. Wednesday afternoon a boatride on Lake Champlain wil bo a feature. Dele gates and friends, members nnd friends of members will sail north through tho islands, thence to Plattsburgh. Cliff Haven, Port Kent, to Burlington. Tho party will leave on the steamer Tlcon deroga, specially chartered for the occa sion, from tho foot of King street, at 1:15 p. m., returning to Burlington about 4.30 or 5:00 p. m. If the weather Is stormy this trip will bo called off and the amount of the ticket price refunded. Edward B. Corley is chairman of the boatrldo com mittee. Tho third degree will be conferred upon a largo class of candidates in the gym nasium of the Cathedral high school on Wednesday evening at 7:30 o'clock. Tho conferring officer and the degree team which will do the work will bo announced later. During the progress of the third degree DeGoesbriand Council wilt entertain the visiting ladles and ladles of the mem bers of the local council In their rooms on Church street from S:30 to 10.30. As the chairman, Mrs. E. O. Mitlguy, promises a good musical and social affair those attending are sure of a pleasant time. The committees from DeGoesbriand Council which have charge of the var ious events for the convention follow: Mrs. E. O. Mitlguy, chairman of ladies' social entertainment; E. O. Mitlguy, chair man of convention reception; P. E. Mc AulilTo, chairman of fourth degree and badges; E. B, Corley, chairman of boat ride; Fred Lynch, chairman of ticket sell ing department; Philip Branon, chair man ot ball and secretary to general com mittee; Henry Hurtublse, chairman of printing and treasurer; James P. Kelly, chairman of arrangements. BURLINGTON MAN WEDS RUTLAND WOMAN Arthur JleCnrthy mid Mint. Jlnrjr Jinn can United In Marriage rtutlund, April 2'. Miss Mary Man gan, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas ,1, Mangan of Mills city, and Arthur McCarthy of Burlington wcro married by the Hev. W. N. Lonorgan at the Church ot the Holy Innocents hero to-day, Tho couple was attended by Miss Agnes McDcrmont nnd Francis Mangan, both, of Rutland, the lntter a brother of the bride. Tho bride wore overseas blue taffeta with hat to match and carried sweet peas. Her attendant was gowned In blue taffeta. A wedding bieakfast was served at the home of Mr, and Mrs. Mangan following the church ceremony. Mr. and Mrs. McCarthy went to New York on their wedding trip. They arc to livo In Ilutland for the present. CALIFORNIA OFFICER ARRIVES FOR TYRELL Montpeller. April 29. Sheriff Frank Cochran of Ios Angeles, C.U., arrived to-day to tako back with him Lcstor Tyriell wanted by the California au thorities for alleged stealing of nn automobile. Deputy Eaton of Wator liury who made the arrest wuh also In town to-day. Sheriff Cochran wont to tho Stato Houso to sco tho Gov ernor about extradition papors, Tyrrell han applied to the court for a writ of habeas corpus which matter is now pending In tho court, nnu u henrlng on It was expected during the dny. It. A, Hoar Is counsel for Tyrrell, who It Is oxpocted will fight extradi tion and stand on his rights to remain In Voimont. Allotting Road Money Montpeller, April 29. Stnto Highway Commissioner S, B. Bates hns alloted the money to tho several towns In tho State which are entitled lo a portion of the $75,(KW voted by tho Legislature for tho vmselrctcd highways or back roads In thu State. There was $281.93 carried over from last year so that the total amount figures out that tho towns aro entitled to $7.40 n mile, but this work must be done In ono pleco of road, that Is to say, if a town gets $300 it must expend It over a short dis tance Instead of scattering It over the town at tho rato of $7.40 a mile. The Bum, whatever It may be, will materially lm prove eomo back road In each town.