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THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS AND TIMES: THURSDAY, MAY 15, 191D.
' (Continued from iiikc nine) since passed nwny. Gordon was n boy of great piomlse, ii general favoflto with lilo school mutes, prominent In all tholr sports, a very enthusiastic member of tho boy scouts. Ilo was burleil In tho uniform be prized wo highly, his comrades acting as escort. As they marched past tho open grave each one deposited a last token of affection, a Victory led carnation, and the buniu sounded laps, There was a law gathering of relatives, friends, and neighbors and many bonutltul lloral tributes. He Is survived by his mother and sister and aged grandmother, with whom hu lived. Ills father, Arthur T. AVhlpple, died several yearn ago fioin the effects of malarial poisoning contracted In Cuba In 1SIIS while In service of tho V S. and was burled In Florida. Gor don's funeral Sunday afternoon was con ducted by tho pastor of Mnplcwood Congregational Church. Ho will bo greatly missed In the vicinity of his home, Grover C. Temploton of the , Bcrgcant-at-arms' olllce, Montpeller, pass- cd the week-end with bis mother at his nome acre. siimmy morning me niuuu taln was as white with snow as In mid winter and only the heavy fof? Tuesday Baorulng prevented a hard frost. Windsor County SHARON Walter Aldrlch of Fltchburg, Mass., Is tho guest of his nephew, II. A. Aid rich. West Freeman of tho United States railway mall service Is In town this week from his winter home In Sotnervllle, Mass., and Is getting ready for tho opening of his Sharon summer home, His family will come to town Immediately following tho close of tho present school term. C. W. Avery, past noblo grand of the local lodge of Odd Fellows, will represent the ' organiza tion at the meeting of the grand lodge In Uurllngton this week. Miss T.llllan l'armaleo of Squth Hoyalton was tho week-ond guest of Miss llorls Heath. Charles I Heftlon, a Sharon overseas fcoldler, has arrived In New York and his return hero Is expected soon. Mrs. Esther Skeels of lllghgnte Is at tho homo of Mrs. M. M. Tlllotsou. From Sharon, she will visit relatives In Claremont, X. H. Schuyler Vandervecr, a Sharon soldier, lately returned from overseas service has entered the poul try business with the initial start of tOO chickens. Albert Sherman, a re cently returned soldier from overseas service, has entered the employ of tho Sharon Cooperative Creamery associa tion. Tho senior class of the South Hoyalton high school presented on Fri day tho popular comedy, "My Cousin, Tlinmy," and It was witnessed by an appreciative audience. In the cast were Miss Doris Heath and Matthew Smith, both Sharon students of the school. The music -was by the school orchestra nnd in addition there were vocal solos by Miss Lillian I'armalee and Miss Jlertha Whlthani, a violin solo by Car roll Miller and trombone solo by Ken neth Cbristlo and a piano duet by Ken neth Christie and Miss Bertha AVhlt liam. Tho evening closed with a short dancing program. Morton A. King of ritchburg. Mass., A. W. Harrison of Mil ford, .V. II., and Owen Johnson of Man chester, N. 11., three extensive lumber .operators, were registered at the Sharon House last week. Harold M. Sumner, for several years an engineer In tho employ of tho Vermont Copper com pany, will return permanently to his residence and farm In Sharon about Juno 1, following tho closing of the mines In South Strafford. .Vows has been received that the Itcv. J Villi U. Moyor, recent pastor of the Congregational Church, has finished Ills Work as special examiner of the United Rates war work board and with Mrs. Moyer, Is now In Manchester, N. H., where live her parents, the Rev. Dr. and Mrs. G. H. Slsson. Tho Rev. Mr. Moycr lias accepted the pulpit supply of tho Congregational Church In GolYstown, near Manchester, and this coming year will enter Harvard University for a regular fctudent course. Tho Ilev, Mr. Moyer Is a graduate of Dartmouth Col lege, 1518. WHITE RIVER JUNCTION Secretary Fred 1.. Davis, of the Ver mont State fair, opened his otllco In the Gates building Monday morning for tho season. Charles D, Williams has accept ed a reappointment as superintendent of concessions and privileges and already has made tho largest single contract for a midway show In the history of the as sociation. Tho work of putting tho fair grounds In condition is already In prog ress. Members of tho Hpworth Leaguo of tho Methodist Episcopal Church to tho number of ,V attended the church service In Woodstock Sunday evening. A canvass of the Sunday school of tho Methodist Episcopal Church for tho ben efit of tho centenary fund Is scheduled for next Sunday. A bearing on Ihe, ap plication of F. M. Grecnnugh for a sev enth class license, was held Friday in tho olllce of ltaymond Trainor, who Is the chairman of the Windsor county li cense commission. 15. A. Davis, of Ilethel, and Sherman Taylor, of Windsor, the other commissioners, were present. A largo and representative number of men nnd women protestanta ngalnst the grant ing of tho applled-for license, were pres ent and theso wero represented by Law yer Holand K. Stevens. A remonstrance to tho granting of tho license was made by realty owners within -100 feet of tho designated site of the place of sale. At date the hoard of commissioners has made no decision In the matter..!. H. Maher, superintendent of tho local Western Union Telegraph olllce, Is on a two weeks' vacation, On Friday evening Gates's opera house was filled to Its ca pacity hy an audience gathered to sen tho presentation of the comedy, "What Happoned to Jones," by pupils of the high school. Music was by tho school orchestra and tho play was given with fnjch merit and skill as to prompt tho hearty commendation of all. Mrs. Win nie .Smith and son, Lieut, George W,, nnd daughter, Miss Dorothy D are In Old Orchard, Me., making rendy the family summer home. Guy N. Smith, night man ager of tho Union station lunch, passed tho week-end at .Hlnsdalo, N, II, .1. A. Donley and men havn nearly completed tho repainting of tho extprlor of tho Junction llousn. The new painting la a field work of light grey and trimmings In an .attractive shade of green. Abra ham Colodnoy, Junior member of tho firm of Colodney Bros., White- Hlver June lion's newest business Interest, arrived In town Monday morning from New York. Ho haa but recently received his dis charge, from overseas army service. Myrtle Lodge. I. O. O. F observed tho 100th annlversay of tho founding of tho order, In Odd Follows' hnll, Monday eve nlng. A largo number of members nnd Invited guests wore propent. Preceding tho formal opening of tho meeting whist was played. Tho committed of nrrango ments and reception committee consist ed of Kvorett J. Hoton, L. G, Haver Block, nnd Lymnn A, Glbbs. Noblo Grand Charlos If. Campbell presided and tho evening's program Included selections by a qunrtot consisting1 of C. 13. Boyle, W J. Harding, Hollo Dlmlck and Alfred T Wright with .Sherman Carenter pian ist, historical sketch by the Hev, H, L. .Thornton, a piano duet by Rollo Dlmlck Ubyl Shermnn Carpenter, reminiscent Match of Myrtlo Lodge by David A. l'errln, tho only surviving resident char- I tor member of the lodge, vocal selection by A, T. Wright, 0. 10. Ilogle, W. .1. Hard ing, H. Dlmlck, paper, "Advantages of Membership," by Ionnrd D. Wheeler. Succeeding tho program, which was giv en In tho lodge room, there was an ad journment to tho lodge dining loom, where refreshments wero served, followed by greetings and tho dispersal of the gath ering, Clarence E. Ilrowster, Frank Warren nnd Harry Kidder are local Odd Fellows present at the grand lodge and grand encampment meetings In Uurllng ton. Mr. Ilrowster, ns past noblo grand, iepresent3 Myrtlo Lodge, Mr. Warren White Itlver encampment, whllo Mr. Kid der Is Inside sentinel of tho grand en campment. SOUTH ROY ALTON The pupils of the high school have been Invited to lake part In the community sing which Is to bo hold this year In Webster hnll, Hanover, N. II. An effort will bo made to form a chorus of 3,7) voices and nn orchestra of from SO to (10 pieces. Tho date ) of the gathering Is May 20. An effort la to bo made to have as many soldiers and sailors present as possible. An Invitation Is extended to all such to be present. . Tho town has received an honor Hag, This I was won by a lttl'o subscription no-1 cording to population on tho Victory Loan. I The town haa already exceeded Its quota I by over JlO.ooo. Mr. and Mrs. Clnrcnco Hand, who have spent the winter In Flor ida have returned to their home. Mr. Hand Is working for Charlos Folsom In the hnrdware store. ROYALTON Fred Fowler died suddenly Monday morning. Ho had been In his usunl health and about his work In the cream ery nnd sawmill until shortly before his death. Miss Hattle Hanks was In Bethel Saturday, Mrs. Levi Wild and Mrs. G. A. Laird attended the Windsor County conference at Norwich last week Thursday and Friday. Leon Richards, who has Just returned from servlco In tho ambulance corps In France and Ger many, was united In marriage to Miss Edith Amy Holllndale, a Red Cross nurse, Monday evening, May I, at Taunton, Mass. Mr. and Mrs. Richards will make their home with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. S. 11. Richards, and carry on the farm this summer. The remains ot Joel Adams, who was formerly a resident of this place, woie brought here Friday. The funeral ser vices were held In the church, the Rev. Mr. Christie of South Royalton emulat ing. The body was tenderly laid to rest by tho aide of the wife whom ho haa missed so much slnco her death last October. Mr. Adams Is mourned by four sons and four daughters, all of whom were present at the funeral. Ills death was caused by pneumonia after only a week's Illness. SALVATION AHMV APPEALS TO FOKMKU SERVICE .MUX The Salvation Army appeals to all dis charged soldiers and sailors to form organizations In the following towns for the home service fund campaign of tho Salvation Army from May 19-2C. 101ft. Tho Salvation Army believes tluit there are former servlco men in every one of theso towns and villages who have known of Its work abroad and at home, and who will willingly form a email local committee to give all an opportunity to help tho army on Its thirteen million dollar drive. The way to organize a town is for tho former service men to get together, elect one of their number chairman, and then select a treasurer, preferably a banker, or, if that is not possible, then a business man, who will take chargo of all con tributions of money and pledges, and forward same to tho New Kngland pro vincial headquarters of tho Salvation Army at Boston, Mass. As soon as the chairman and treasurer havo been selected the chairman should at onco communicate with N. It. Critten den, State organizer, New Sherwood Hotel, Rurllngton, Vt who will forward publicity material, pledge cards, etc., for the campaign. Following la a list of the towns needing your help and organization. Every llttlo bit will help us If your homo town is solicited. Hartonville, needier Falls, Holton, Bradford, Urldport, Brookflcld, Brown Ington, Burke, Calais, Canaan, Charles ton, Chelsea, Corinth, Cornwall, Crafts bury, Dauby, Danville, Dorset, Duxbury, Dumnierston, East Berkshire, Kast Burke, Kast Calais, Kast Hardwick, East Montpoller, Elmore, Fairfax, Falrlee, Faystou, Felchvillo, Fcrrisburg, Fletcher, Franklin, Hlghgate, Huntington, Island 1'ond, Jericho, Jeffersonvllle, London derry, Lowell, Mclndoe Falls, Manches ter Center, Manchester Depot, Marsh field, Middlctown Springs, Milton, Monk ton, Montgomery, Montgomery Center, Moretown, Morgan, Newbury, Norwich, North Bennington, North Craftsbury, North Fcrrisburg, North Pownal, Orange, Orwell, Pawlet, I'ittsfleld. I'ownal, Readsboro, Reading, Rochester, Rox bury, Ryegate, Rupert, Salisbury, Shafts bury, Sharon, Sheffield, Shellmrno, Sheldon, Sherburne, Shoreliam, Shrews bury, South Uurllngton, South Hero, South Londonderry, South Ryegate, South Shaftsbury. Starksboro, Stratford, Sunderland, Summit, Thetford, Town abend, Tunbrldge, Underbill. Vernon, Waltt-fleld, Walden, Wnrdsboro, Wnrrcn, Washington, Wnterford, Watervlllc, Weathersfleld. Wells River, West Charleston, Westfield, Wpstfonl, West minister, Weston, Wcybrldgo, Wlieelock, Whiting AVIlllanisvlllc, Wllllamatown, Wilmington, Windham, Wolcott. Wood bury and Worcester. N. B. CRITTENDEN. State Organizer. FOCH IS READY IF THE GERMANS DON'T SIGN In .Sent io tho HJilnp to Act It Einer Gency Require Paris, May 14. (By tho Associated Pross.) Immediate measures tending to the further subjugation of Germany if Its delegates refuso to sign tho peace treaty, were Indicated to-day by the announce ment that Marshal Foch had been sent to tho Rhine hy tho Council of Four to take such action as may become necessary In the event that tho treaty Is not signed. CHURCH SHOULD PROVIDE SUBSTITUTE FOR SALOON Clergy-mull Sny Tluit Ih ii I'nrt of the ' Clilireh'x lIuNlnrxN New York, May II. Tho convention ot tho New York diocese of tho Episcopal Church was told to-day by tho Itcv. James E. Freeman of tho Episcopal board of mis sions that the church must provldo a sat isfactory substitute for tho ealoon, j "It Is part of tho church's business to see that tho wago earners who havo on l Joyed tho saloon us a place of recreation jnro given something that will fill ItB j place," ho declared, "Tho social service J work of the church must bo advanced." PURPOSELY POSTPONED The club humorist told a funny story, a corker, and everybody within hearing roared oxcept ono man who remained as sober as a taxpayer, "What's the matter?" exclaimed ono ot Ida clubmntes. "Nothing," "Why didn't you lnughV" "Wfcll," explained tho man, "I'm going to save It till I got homo. I can always sleep better when go to bed laughing." Boston Transcript. DECLARES GERMANY IMLjOHIELO Ebcrt Says Peace Terms Contem plate Physical and Moral Paralysis of His People Berlin, Sunday, May II. (By the Asso ciated Press.) Declaring that tho terms of the peace presented by tho nlllcd and associated governments to Germany "conlemplnto tho physical, moral and Intellectual paralysis of the German people," that aermann were "hypno tized," tho statements made by Presi dent Wilson, and that he, hlmsolf, Is looking forward to the future "with gravest apprehensions," President Erbcrt said to-day that ho still hoped Ameri can democracy would not accept tho treaty framed at tho peace conference. He rejected with disdain the suggestion that tho present Oermnn government would resign rather than accept or ro Ject tho terms, saying that the govern ment would "hold out to the end." "When In tho course of 2,000 years," he asked, "was over a peace offered a defeated people which so completely contemplated Its physical, moral and Intellectual paralydls, as do the terms enunciated ut Versailles." "In his message to Congress December 4. 1917, President "Wilson said: " 'The frightful injustlco committed In the course of this war must not bo made greater by wishing a similar Injustice on Germany and her allies. The world would not tolerate the committing of a similar Injustice as reprisal and realign ment.' "In his message to Congress referred to In the foregoing paragraph, delivered when ho asked that a state of war be declared to exist between the United States and Austria-Hungary, President Wilson said: " 'The wrongs, the very deep wrongs, committed In this war must be righted. That, of course, but they 'cannot nnd must not be righted by the commitment of similar wrontjs against Germany and her allies. The world will not permit the commitment ot similar wrongs as a means ot reparation and settlement." "The German people," President Erbcrt continued, "havo been lulled because of its solid faith In tho sincerity and truth fulness of Mr. Wilson's program and his fourteen points. The awakening will be terrifying nnd wo all look forward to It with gravest apprehensions. In the face of the cold, naked realities, wo still con sciously cling to the faith which found Its cpltomo In tho name of Wilson and tho United States and tho conception of the democracy of the League of Nations. "We cannot believe that this has all been nn Illusion and that tho confidence nnd hope of a whole people havo been duped In a manner unknown to history. Even now, optimists aro saying "Wilson wl I not permit It, he does not possibly permit It." Tho President added that he and his party could not blame the pan-Germans for the "Immodest haste with which they are now digging up their former speeches and editorials In which tho social demo crats and other liberals were ridiculed for their belief In President Wilson's pro gram." "I and my colleagues," he said, In conclusion, "upon whom rests the whole burden of the forthcoming decisions. hope and pray the German people who staked all on President "Wilson and tho United States shall not find themselves deceived. If, however, tho American democracy actually accepts the pres ent peace terms ns Its own, it becomes an accomplice and an abettor of polit ical blackmailers. It surrenders the tra ditional Amorlcan prlnclplo of fair play and sportsmanship and trails the Ideals of true democracy in the United States. "Notwithstanding tho night now cov ering it, I have abiding faith In tho future of the Germar. people and In tho unconquorabillty of Its soul. This people, which has given tho world bo much In science, learning and Industry, must not go down to oblivion. It still has a cultural mission to perform and ethical treasures to bestow." President Ebcrt closed his statement by declaring tho present government would "hold out to tho last" and scout ed tho Idea that It would "make room for others to accept or reject the treaty." "SHOPPING" IX VERMONT (By Daniel L. Cady) The hardest work In all tho year Before tho horseless car was here. Was hitching up your Goldsmith Maid And driving Into town to trade; You hurried up your wife to start. At noon ynu only had a tart. You hurried 'round from store to store And then was gone till after four. That tub or butter In behind Was tlrst and foremost on your mind; You felt that merchant Hood would say, "I'd like a special tub to-day; That last you fetched turned out so good I took somo home to Mrs. Hood:" This pleasant speech so oft you've heard Your wlfo can toll It word for word. Tho Mrs. gets some starch at Hood's And tea it's simply swapping goods And then sho says polite but plain, "I'd like a new all wool delatno;" "All right," you sigh, and 'croat you go To Cox's In the block below. You nlwayB llko to trade with Cox For he attends tho orthodox. It takes an age to make that trade, Tho cambric, buttons, thread and braid; Hut Mrs. Smiles so sweot you say, "Add on an alapacca. May;" "Oh! no;" says she, "both Roy and Rose Will soon be needing winter clothes, And John, we'd better hasten alow, You lost a cow not long ago." Then next yourself and Mrs. stop At Durkeo's llttlo druggist's shop For hemlock essence, camphor gum, And something that will help your thumb; That needle, too, you always buy For poor Aunt Kate, a-klnder sly, Somo buieau stain, a llttlo can, And hair oil for tho hired man. You havo a holdback strap to mend, Your wife a card to write and send, You'd llko to pay that printer, Mills, For them there oystor supjier bills, Your wlfo would llko to see "Miss Fitch" And get that new embroidery stitch, And so you scparato an hour To double up on errant power. At length you hear each other cough And meet hesldo tho watering trough; Your wagon, Jest acrost tho road, Sustains a twenty mule-team load; You both climb in nnd sottlo down, Too tired to stir, too faint to frown; "Go 'long," you Hay, "Go 'long old mare, Jest tako ub homo or anywhero." HER MISTAKE Aunt You should tako moro interest In what Is going on, "Why don't you read tho newspapers so thnt you can convorso Intelligently with your husband? Young Wlfo-I tried to, but I mado a mlstnke. I read about tho League of Nations, Instead of the baseball news. Boston Transcript, AUSTRIAN APPEAR IN JOYOUS 100 Seems Like a Fete Day When Peace Delegates Arrive In St. Germain Paris, May H.. (Hy the Associated Press). Karl Rcnner, the Austrian chan cellor, brought his peace delegation and their attendants to St, Germain near Paris I to-day and at later date will appear beforo mo representatives ui uio niucu and asso ciated powers to receive the conditions which will spell pence for tho former em pile. A notable feature of the reception wan the absence of Germans, who had request ed permission to greet the Austiians, but had been denied this privilege. The pre fect of the department, M. Chnlell. mot the Austrlnns courteously, nnd although there was no otllclal handshaking, many members of tho party were greeted by un olllclal handshakes from old acquaint ances as they were being shown to tho waiting automobiles. Tho delegates then proceeded under military escort to the villas so nsldo for them overlooking the valley of tho Selno and Paris and lacking the high fences and sentries so much In evidences at Ver sailles. Chancellor Kenner was apparently In excellent spirits. He smiled engagingly and his eyes shone as ho greeted the representatives of tho nllled countries. In tho course ot his remarks he said, among other things: "I hope I may go away with as Joyful a heart as I bring." Under official escort tho correspondents and others were conducted ceremoniously to the station through streets from which other traffic had been barred. It seemed llko a fete day, unconnected with war, and the good spirits of the crowd, await ing tho Austrlnns appeared to ho shnrcd by them, for they emerged smiling from their special train. It was a cosmopolitan crowd which awaited the delegation French, English, Italian, Japanese and American Jour nalists and officers. Some of the Aus trlnns gazed Inquiringly from tho win dows as tho train entered the station, uncertain of their reception, but Chan cellor Rentier was sure of his ground, welcomed the friendly spirit displayed with heartiness, which wns reciprocated in a measuro by those assembled. Professor Lammasch was accom panied by his wife and daughter and there were several women secretaries, who wero shown the greatest courtesy, The Austrian newspapermen and subordinates wero quartered In one of the requisitioned hotels. After their arrival at the villas the Austrian delegates again thanked tho escorting' officers for their courteous reception and chatted for a time. Tho Austrian chancellor In his speech on arrival and later in con versation spoke Gorman, but excused himself, as being unable to apeak French. REPLIES MADE 10 SERMANPROTESTS Council of Four Answers Enemy's l Notes on Prisoners and i Labor Subjects Paris, May 14. The answers of tho Council of Four to the German notes on prisoners of war and labor subjects wero delivered this afternoon. One of the later German notes, deal ing with economic clauses of tho treaty, declares that they mean the ruin of Ger many If they are enforced. A note on territorial questions protests particularly ngalnst tho Sarro vnlley ar rangement and tho transfer of the Mal medy, Morcsnet and Eupen districts to Belgium, as well as the forced evacua tion of a part of Schleswlg. A note on reparations does not protest ngalnst tho payment by Germany for the devastation wrought in Belgium mid northern France, which It says Germany is ready to do willingly. It is added, however, that Germany will not pay reparation for this damago on tho prln clplo that It was responsible for tho war. The note on the question of prisoners says: v "The Gorman pcaco delegation notes with satisfaction that the project rec ognlzos tho prlnclplo of tho return of prisoners of war and civilians with tho least possible delay. Tho delegation deems that all the details of tho exe cution of this measure ought to he submitted to a special commission. "Direct oral discussions between the commission and nearly all the belliger ents concerning prlsonors of war havo boon considered even during hostilities as the surest meana of solving the dllll- cultles. It ought to-day to be all the easier to roconcllo the different view points nnd clear up cortaln obscurities still existing on certain details of tho problem. "For InBtance, as a rcault of the diversity of tho viewpoint of tho law In the dlffcront countries interested, tho German delegation consldora it in dispensable that prisoners of war and tho civilians undergoing pennltles for other infractions than thoso of dis cipline should bo In a group thnt ought to be repatriated unconditionally. Ger many has recognized this prlnclplo re garding prisoners of war and civil lans of tho allied and associated pow ers in Its custody. "The German delegation deems It necessary for reasons of equity to ac cord cortaln Improvements In tho treat ment of prisoners, military nnd civil ian, pending tho time when they may return to their own country." BANQUET CAPTAINS Pin-point I.oiIb of ViTreiine lloniina Robert .McCuen nnd ClinrlcH II. Cole Vergenncs. May 14. Ono of tho pleasunt home comings given to tho soldier boys from hore wns a reception and banquet tondered to Capt. Robert "W. MeCuen and Capt. Charles Henry Colo by Plorpont Lodgo, No. 37, Knlghta of Pythias of which they are mombers Tuesday eve ning. Tho reception brought together nl most all tho members of tho lodgo to welcomo home tho honored, both of whom are professional men or Vergcnnes. A sumptuous banquet wus sorved In tho lodge hall after which post-praudlal exer cises wero hold. Judgo Frank L. Fish presiding as toastmaster. Mayor Arthur W. Norton spoko In bo half of tho business men of tho city nnd Dr. Frank M. RogcrH on behalf of tho professional men. In his response, Capt, McCucn, who was attached to tho fourth division head quarters, after thanking the lodgo for tho hearty welcome accorded him, gave a very Practical 7 3MS m jyrtifxn tyjtrrrtl f ' " It 1 Slfeljfo v. V S .v mW Juy .flNri L KM II I Hill II II I ptif IMhuk for n nicdluiii-xlr- poultry linnxr of nlniptc construction. Cnpnclty from In IiiIiI nrounil Ihe outer fnce of the concrete foundation to SPRING WORK FOR PROFITABLE FOWLS Spoiled Food Is Source of Hot Weather Chick Complaints To Tell Sex in Guineas Symp toms of White Diarrhea; Sour Milk Is the Best Preventive (Hy H. ARMSTRONG ROBERTS) Expenditures for enlargoment or per manent Improvements aro to he counted on tho credit side of tho ledger. Beware of rat-holes. Tho number of dollars that slip Into them unawares Is sui prising. Avoid the mistakes of running too many breeds. Specialize. Blood will tell In poultry-raising. If your flock failed to average 10O eggs per hen last year, don't breed from It. Buy somo eggs or chicks from stock with the "lay" bred into It. I'se the dustlng-iKJWdcr freely on sit ting hens. Culls and runts are usually mado In the first threo weeks of a chick's life. Anything that gives the brood a setback nt this time, such as vermin, overcrowding or tainted food, is almost certain to leavo a permanent handicap. If tho Incubator Is run too high In temperature It will produce a prema ture hatch; If it Is run too low It will produce a delayed hatch, and both are bad. Hens' eggs shriuld commence to pip on the 20th day, and the hatch should be completed the day following. Hee that your hands aro clean, partic ularly free from oil, beforo turning tho eggs in the Incubator. Tho best plan is to turn tho eggs before, you trim and fill the lamp. As a rule tho fertility In eggs laid by a hen which produces from 40 to tO eggs In .succession is not so good as In the eggs which are laid In shorter litters. In handling geese be sure to grip them by the neck. They can strike vicious blows If the attendant is not careful. Spring Is a good time to plan thoso now poultry buildings. Summer Is tho best time to build them, ready for tho fall pullets. STORK THK CURTAIN FRAMES Muslin curtains and screens which were used In the fronts of houses last winter, and which aro now no longer needed, should bo brushed off, marked with the number of the houo or loca tion, and put away under cover for safe keeping. A loft is a convenient place. Don't keep them out In tho weather un necessarily. The cloth has to be replaced all too quickly at best. Spoiled food a source of hot weather chicken complaints. Humblo foot Is a common ailment whero hard floors nro used. A cnllous or corn forms on tho bottom of tho foot and be tween the toes, which later becomes a painful swelling attended by ulcerations. It Is caused by the birds Jumping from perches that are too high, or from bruises and irritations by splinters. Painting with Iodine will dissipate the callous If taken in tho early stages. Hut If It has become ulcerated, open tho ulcer, remove any pus, cb anso the wound with an antl heptlc nnd then bind the foot In an ap plication of carbolated vaseline. A steel trap placed uu tho top of a hlgli pole Is a good way to catch hawks. Fasten tho trap to tho pole, or tho hawks may get tho trap. Chickens wero never Intended to thrivo on bare ground. Dig up tho yards and sow them to rye or oats; which purities tho soli and furnishes green food. Experienced poultrymen mako It a point to note the condition of every fowl every day. It la the best safeguard against an epidemic. As soon as you havo ceased hatching get tho roosters to market, consign thorn to the dinner table, or pen them by themselves. Produce Infertile eggs dur ing warm weather. CRUDE OIL FOR VERMIN Because of Its flowing nnd penetrat ing qualities and because of Its vola tile nature which remains potont for a long time, crude oil Is a valuable Insecti cide. Frills are demanded In a great many commodities. Tho public hns grown to expect them. Candy la sold with waxed and laco papers, bonbon tongs, orna mented boxes, ribbon nnd expensive wrappings. Taney fruits nre sold In much the samo way. Flowers aro sold the samo way. Numerous foodstuffs ure packed with frills. Poultrymon who soli Interesting tnlk on his experlenco nnd Im pressions whllo In tho servlco In Frunco and Germany and gave i vivid picture of tho Somme drive. Ho also related many Incidents of tho war, both serious nnd hu morous. Ho spoko In highest terms of tho bravery and heroism of tho buck-private or Buddy na ho Is moro familiarly known, nnd said to him was duo tho bringing of tho world war to a successful conclusion. I havo seen, said he, around tho small thicket of trees thnt had concealed a mur derous Gcrninn machine gun that had seen put out of commission tho bodies of threo nnd four and sometimes moro of tho brnvu Amorlcan boys lying nlways with tholr faces to tho foe, Captain Cole, who saw service In Frnnco In tho D, C, l. S, A. entered the service In September, 1917, reporting nt Camp Mllo for octlvo duty, remaining there but a short time beforo being sent to France, On ui rival tit St. Naaalre In October ho was at onco sent to tho ndvanced zone of the Amorlcan expeditionary forces where he was attached to the second division nnd assigned for dentnl duty with the fifth regiment of marines. After four mouths Poultry j ) I n) Hil l fancy eggs to a discriminating trade will do well to consider the reasons for these attractions. Without farm animals cows, pigs, sheep and poultry tho greater part of our enormous cereal crops would be as worthless to as as a bar of gold to a drowning man. No habitation Is complete without sun light. In poultry buildings the aim uhould'bo to have the sunlight flood every part of tho Interior. It Is the best germ icide. Tho incubator hatches hundreds or thousands of eggs, while the hen hatches from 12 to 15. Tho Incubator Is run on a few gallons of oil or a ton of coal, while tho hen's energy measured In eggs which sho falls to lay by reason ot her being on tho nest, would run into hun dreds of dollars. DESTROY DEAD CHICKENS All tho disinfectants In the world are useless, and spraying, whitewashing and rlennlng go for nought If the carcasses ot dead chickens are left about the prem ises. Cremate or deeply bury them. Cooling the hatching eggs Is Just as Important as turning them. The cooling process not only exposes the eggs to fresh air, but It causes the contents to contract nnd thereby draw through the pores ot the shells n fresh supply of oxygen, without which the embryos could not dovolop. Drinking fountains are certain to be come ellmy and insanitary unless they nro scrubbed periodically. In purchasing an Incubator, among oth er things consider what your requirements may be next year or two years hence. The 300-egg machine .needs no more la bor than tho 100-egg machine, and very little more fuel. You don't have to fill tho egg chamber to bring off a hatch. Twenty years ago If one had advocated brooding chicks In flocks ot from 300 to isno, the rationality of such an exponent would have been sharply questioned. The idea seems radical to some people to day, but tho brooder stove has proved It to be entirely practicable. Certain breeding schemes aro said to produce a preponderance of pullets. Ex perience shows, however, that the gen eral average for a period of years Is "fifty-fifty," cockerels and pullets. It Is safe to ship baby chicks any dis tance that can be covered In 4S hours' transportation. Lato afternoon or evening Is the best time to removo chicks from tho Incuba tor to the brooder. Darkness helps to quiet the llttlo fellows and to keep them from exploring their new quar ters. TO TELL SEX IN GUINEAS Sex In guineas Is distinguished chiefly by tholr calls. The male has little to say, and his cry Is a harsh, nervous clicking sound. The hen has the pre ponderance of vocabulary. The woll known "porlrack" or "to-quick" Is ut tored by the female only. Tho sound "che-e-e" "tc-ck" Is typical of both sexes. Tho hen seldom screeches llko the cock bird. Tho leaks on a poultry farm, a gen oral term for accidents, mistakes, care lessness. Ignorance and family practices, may not invoke aa much Interest as tho subject of profits, but the two are so closely affiliated that. If wo would have the latter, we must continually search for tho former. And. finding the leaks, wo must affopt measures to check them. Sparrows are notorious grain thieves. The Incubator can be operated any whereIn the barn, attic, cellnr, loft, shed, sprlnghouse, In the kitchen, par lor or In a tent, according to some ac counts. Bo that as It may, experience hns shown thatt the best location is where tho atmosphere Is more or less moist, whero the tempemtura Is to a great extent uniform and cool and whero It is possible to obtain plenty of venti lation. These conditions aro seldom found outside of a collar or bnsemont, hence the popularly accepted Idea that incu bators must be run in such places. SHADOWS FRIGHTEN CHICKS Carrying a lighted lantern Into the brooder house at night is almost certain to throw tho chicks into a panicky stato of mind and may result In trampling. Tho shadows cast by the lantern are the fearsome things. If you must have artificial light, contrive to make the il lumination indirect. Stand the lantern outside, below a window, so that its re flection and not the direct rays of light onter the brooding compartment. Too often feathors are a neglected -byproduct. It pays to savo them, espe cially will to feathers. From four to six weeks is the tlmo required to brood chicks with nrtlflcial heat, although tho season of tho year, climate, health of the brood and how fast tho chicks feather out are tho de termining factors, really. The brood should have a temperature of nbout 93 degreos for the first week; then grad ually reduce this heat to W degrees for tho second week, 83 degrees for the third week and 80 degrcos for the fourth week. of strenuous trnlnlng this division was ordorod to the Toul-Tryon sector, nnd did duty In tho trenches. During part of his flervlec, Capt. Colo was assigned as anaes thetist and surgical assistant to tho 23rd field hopltal unit which was operating In tho zono of fire. From this varied servlco Captain Colo gavo nn exceedingly Interesting nnd In structive tnlk. Of tho four mon from here who obtained tho rank of captain, threo captains, Mc Cucn, Colo nnd Captain W, 8. Watt, who Is still In Franco, wero members of Pier point Lodgo. Two other members nlso served In France, Corporal Percy C. Bov Ins, who is now employed with tho Amer ican Express company In Berlin, N, H and I'rlvnto Ralph J. Doyoo, who is om ployed at his profession aa dentist In Bos ton. The commlttco having chargo of the rocotlon were Messrs. Ii. C. Herrick, Q. R. Slnck nnd A. S. Haven and deservo much credit for tho successful carrying out of tho evening's entertalnmont. rilliE TRESS WANT ADS PAY BEST Pointers ifl llfty to frrventy-flve frml. Drain tll Insure a dry floor Keeping tho chicks comfortable la the main consideration; watch them and reg ulate the tempcraturo accordingly. No torm, perhaps, strikes greater ter ror among poultrymen than white diar rhea. The disease has earned this op probrium because It Is probably tho greatest foe of newly hatched chicks, also because It is so difficult to combat. It Is successfully fought, ot course, but by preventive measures' rather than cu rative ones, SYMPTOMS OF THE DISEASE There are said to-be at least four-different kinds of white diarrhea, tho most common ot which is a bacillus called ' "bacterium pullorum," which means in ordinary terms the bacteria or germs of ' tho pullets. Coccldlosls and asperglllus fungus arc two other forms of the in fection. So far as tho ordlnnry poultry' raiser Is concerned, these phrases aro merely technical terms and of no par ticular value to the unscientific mind. All theso microbes Infect tho adult fowls nnd aro communicated to chicks by means of the eggs. Apparently, somo eggs are Inoculated, whllo others, from tho same hon, escape; but there Is no method of determining this from the external appearance of the eggs. Again, some Infected eggs may not start the disease In the chicks. In chicks the symptoms of whlto diarrhea are quite evident. The most prominent sign Is a more or less pro fuse diarrhea, the droppings consisting almost entirely of mucus from the In testinal tube and the whlto secretion ot the kidneys. The white substance pre dominates, hence the name white diar rhea. The discharge Is caused by an irritation of the Intestines, fever and a rapid hivnklng down of the tissues of the kidneys. These manifestations occur within tho first few days of tho chlcX'3 life. After tho fourth or fifth day the chicks are practically Immune. Chicks two weeks old, especially adult fowls, are virtually resistant to the germs, and do not show any symptoms, though they may be Inoc ulated with the disease and lay infected eggs. A large brood ot chicks may be hatch ed from eggs subject to the germs of white diarrhea, nnd" to all appearances hale and hearty when taken from the in cubator. But they soon commence to wilt. The first indication of trouble la a dis position to huddlo together and remain under the hover or hen. Apparently tho chicks suffer from chills. They are list less, stupid and sleepy and take no In terest In food or their environment. They stand with heads drawn close to their bodies, eyes closed nnd peep plaintively almost constantly. Sometimes tho dlseaso Is less severe, but of moro chronic type, and takes long er to run Its course Chicks thus afflict ed waste away until their legs are unable to carry their bodies. They lean against walls or other objects for support, or squat down with outstretched wings un til they die. As death approaches the breath becomes labored, and at Intervals tho poor llttlo creatures give utterance to a faint, shrill cry, indicating that they aro seized with paroxysms of Intense pain. Most of theso victims have tho peculiar form of body described as "short back," which results from the distension of the abdomen. Tho dlseaso Is usually accompanied by a heavy mortality. Thero Is no absolute cure for whits diarrhea In chicks. Numerous remedies have boen advertised, but theso are In reality preventives. Furthermore, tho medical treatment of Individual chicks is virtually Impracticable, and Hock treat ment, once the chicks are afflicted, Is of little consequence Inasmuch as th chicks cannot bo Induced to eat or drink In sufficient quantities to be of any avail. Tho feeding of sour milk to young chicks as soon as they are taken from tho Incubator appears to bo tho most successful treatment toward controlling tho disease. Tho purpose of the sour' milk is to suppress any intestinal pu trefaction which the diarrhea bacillus may sot up. In other words, tho sour milk contains ferments or bacteria which nro calculated to counteract or offset the paraBltcs of the white diarrhea. Lackins sour milk, It has been found that 15 grains of powdered catechu dis solved In a gallon of drinking water tends to prevent tho development of tho diar rhea. This treatment should be contin ued for about 10 days, or until tho dan ger period Is past. Because tho disease usually originates In the eggs, the first and most Important preventive measures should begin with 1 tho selection of the breeding stock. No hatching eggs should bo used which aro known to bo laid by hens which havo had any communicable dlseaso In th past. Breed only from strong, healthy stock and you aro not likely to be trou bled, especially If the stock haa been raised on a sanitary range with abun dant green food. (Copyright 11)10 by Tubllc LedBer Co.) THREATENING MESSAGES TO CHINESE DELEGATES Paris, May 11. (By the Associated Press.) Messages threatening violence If thoy sign tho poaco treaty havo been received by the Chinese delegation from various parts of China. A despatch sent by 35,000 citizens of Shantung province, dated Tallinn Fu, May 11, says; "Regarding tho TBlngtau problem, Japan shows contempt for public right and never ceases to bo nmbltlous. Tho pooplo of Shantung refuso to accept ns effoctlvo Illegal demands. The trai tors to our country, Tsao Yu-Lln (min ister of communications, whoco house was burnod nt Poking), and Chang Tsung-Hslang (former minister to Japan, who was sovorely beuton by tho Chinese), dosorvo death for the blow suffered by tho Chlncso people. "Should you sign tho Japancso pro posal you miiBt receive tho samo treat ment upon returning to China. Wo cannot give car to apologies. Do ,no fall us. W( jc ttuLah. .U earnest'