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THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS AND TIMES: THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1919.
11 v t barragB n hla own i PRESIDENT TAFT ARGUES FOR LEAGUE OF (Continued from nnce one) natlc typo, said President Lowell. It Is based on Rood faith. Otherwise, It would bo useless. Tlio covenant of tho league consists almost entirely In tho Jelcgatlon of tho powor to glvo advice In certain cases, and It Is provided that tho nation which lives up to tho rulings of tho league shall not bo attacked. Three distinct obligations Imposed by tho league worn touched upon by Presi dent Lowell. (1) Tho guaranty of In tegrity, political and otherwise; (2) ngreemcnt not to attack one another; (3) obligation to blockade. In explaining theso points, the speaker raid that wo should not worry about having to fend soldiers to Europe for every little affair which tomes up In tho Ualkans or elsewhere. In order to guarantee Integrity, nor Is there any dan ger of having to send men to tho aid of the British Umpire. The empire can look after Itself. It Is tho small nations which need protection, nations which wo have set up as independent following this war, and which cannot maintain their In dependence along If threatened by larger nation. It Is Buch nntlons that need tho guarantee of Integrity. It Is necessary that wo ngrco not to attack one another at all, without first arbitrating tho matter under discussion. This is nothing new, as so many would have us think. The United Slates has already done It In connection with nbout 20 nations, because It has been considered a good policy to adopt. If any nation does nttnek a member of the league, without arbitration, all other nations In tho lenguo will automatically be under obligations to blockade tho offending nation and cease all Intercourse with her. Such a blockade, carried out by land and sea, must necessarily bring any nation to terms. Tho pressure of such a blockade must end the matter In short rder. "There are many of us," said President .owell, "who feel that if wo had had a league of Nations llko this, there would avc been no war, and If thcro had been a war, we should have been In It at tho outset, und much bloodshed would havo been spared." Toward the close of his address. Presi dent Lowell took up the six amendments to tho first league covenant, proposed by Elthu Hoot, and showed that four out of the six have been adopted in the lecond covenant, or covered In somo way, while, tho two which have not been adopted are really unsulted to the sltua tlon. In speaking of tho Monroe Doctrine, he eald: "This covenant recognizes for tho first time tho Monroe Doctrine as a right. In the past, It has not been recognized and while we have been able to enforce It while at peace, other nations have not refrained from Interfering on this eon tlnent when we were not in a position to back up the Monroo Doctrine because of Internal troubles. Now tho Monroe Doc trine has been duly recognized by the European nations and placed In tho league covenant." OTHER SPEAKERS The second rpcakcr was Captain Cham berlain, who gave the soldiers' point of view. Mr. Houston spo1:'o from the business man's standpoint and Miss Locke appealed to the people from the spiritual side of tho covenant. THE EVENING SESSION John H. Walker, labor leader, was tho first speaker of the oveulng meet ing at Tho Strong, while Mr. Taft opened tho meeting at tho City Hall. Mr. Walker spoko for more than an hour, emphasizing tho benefit which the new era to bo brought in by tho League of Nations will be to the work tngmen all over the world. UX-PHUSIIIENT TAFl'S SPEECH We aro beginning in this Green Moun tain State a series of conventions In 15 States, to which wo have summoned delegates to discuss the present state of tho covenant for the League of Nations, and to urge the people of those States that they manifest their approval of tho ratification of tho treaty containing the cocnant. The U powers which have agreed upon this treaty have presented It to the Gernfan representatives for their slgnnture. They arc required to ilgn It to-morrow, or take tho conse quences of tho ending of tho armistice and tho resumption of hostilities against their country. Tho covenant of tho league as em bodied in tho treaty, and tho various provisions of tho treaty, aro dependent for their execution upon tho machinery provi.'cd by the covenant. If, and when, tho Germans sign tho treaty, the Presi dent will brim It back homo and sub talt It to tho Senate as a Binglo docu ment. Tho constitutional function of tho .'Jonato is to consider tho treaty and to ratify it or reject it. It may ratify It conditionally, stating the conditions upon which It does ratify it. Theso conditions aro called amendments to tho treaty, Tho ratification, howovor, can only b como absolute and effectlvo upon the acceptance by other countries of the amendments contained In thebo condi tions. Treaties have been ratified with reservations as to construction which, not objected to by other countries, havo created a binding treaty; but such reser vations cannot bo a substantial amend ment of the treaty, eliminating any article or changing it;, evident mean ing, without requiring, in order to make a binding treaty, that the other countries signing tho treaty (.hall consent formally to tho amendments. It therefore follows that If any substantial amendment is to be made to tho treaty submitted by tho President, it must go back to the othor powers who signed It for their accept ance nnd approval. This Includes not only tho 14 allied powers which form ulated tho treaty, but it Includes Ger many also. Upon thoso who Insist that substantial amendments must bo made to tho treaty, will therefore fall the responsibility for tho lr.deP.nllo imst ponemont of pencp which the uncondi tional ratification of tho treaty will at onco bring about, It has been proposed n separate thH covenant from tho treaty and to ratify the tfaty, thus truncated or dissected, with The Idea that poaco will foil w Furh action by the Senate. The JFTe lon has been made that peace thus m.ght bo reached through a j 'ol icol embodying tho treaty and leav er p- . uentlon of tho league to fur i i r ro d rijin. It should be promised I r r, i rjii Inltlato peace except the I d i i rf the United litates, who la l by ih.. conftituiloii with this I nc cm mnisu a protocol of iho Prtslib-nt. If. then- 1 '" ii etiorm.ai i i nt.o ii fiet u pun Inn . i .- ,i. i .ii re mil bu no .if, I t.nlntei'H tbnt " 1 i-1" protmoi ' ' ' ' " ' ... ! . I it titv, ant with aermnny'B consent as well. In other words, nil these propositions aro nothing but conditional ratification on tho basis of rndlcal amendments, nnd they all will postpono Indefinitely the coming of poaco. Meantlmo tho other great powers, under tho terms of tho treaty as thoy nro now reported, can ratify the treaty and establish poaco with Ger many as fnr ns they nro concerned. In this way tho nnomnlous condition will bo presented of n state of war between Germany nnd ourselves, while peace pre vails between Gormany nnd Great Britain, Gnrinnny nnd Prance, Germany and Italy and Germnny nnd .lapan. This obviously disadvantageous condition for our Industries nnd this delay In tho re sumption of our trndo with Germany should make the business community of tho United States scrutlnlzo with care tho reasons for substantially amending tho covenant or attempting to dissect It out of tho treaty. Of course, If tho covenant exposes our country to danger and risk that wo should not assume, the considerations which wo havo ndvanced should not ho nllowod weight and tho treaty and tho covenant should bo re jected, nt whatever cost of Inconvenience or delay. Put tho nccessnry halt In tho coming of that era of prosperity which merely nwalts permanent peace and tbu losses which It will entnll upon this country require tho business men and all others to examine with tho closest scrutiny and caro tho arguments made ngainst tho covenant nnd Its Inclusion In tho treaty. There lias been much general attack on the treaty, much emphasizing of dan gers which could arise only In remolo contingencies and much straining of tho meaning of ordinary words Into unusual and Impossible significance in order tn sustain objections to tho covenant. Thcro have been far-fetched prohibitions found In the federal constitution of such a covenant which Judicial authority and actual precedent both refute. With tho result of the rejection of tho treaty, or Its substantial amendment, now clearly before the country, theso objections must pasa In closest review nnd must bo clear ly sustained If tho Inconvenience nnd burden and delay of rejection or amend ment are to bo Justified. This Is especially true In view of the amendment to the covenant as first reported, by which should we find after ratification nnd actual operation of the treaty that any of the criticisms of it wero Justified, wo can, within two years withdraw from further obligations of tho treaty. More than that, there Is the power of amend ment by tho unanimous consent of nine of the powers whose representatives con stitute the council and a mnjorlty of all tho members of the league, a means of changing provisions which prove to be burdensome, which will enable the per fecting of tho league as experience shall require. A phase of tho discussion of the league hns been the tendency to concentrate It on particular features or articles thought to be dangerous, and to omit tho pre sentation of tho general organization of tho league and its great and useful ma chinery for rendering war improbable and making peace reasonably permanent. I shall begin, therefore, with the four great steps taken in tho league to achieve this purpose, and show Its value to the world and to us to be so capital that we ought to allow no minor objections or doubt to deprive us of their Inestimable benefits. The covenant does not create a league. It delegates to no managing commltteo or body tho power to act for members of the league. It Is not that kind of league, however effective such u league might be. The covenant Is an ngreemcnt for co-operation by members of the league to achieve Its purpose. The members are themselves to act and to delegate, to no other body the power to net for them. They arc to act through their constitutional agencies. With us. If a boycott Is to be levied, It Is for Con gress to decide whether this obligation has arisen under tho treaty and covenant. and then to levy the noces3ary embargo. If military forces are to bo used, It Is for Congress to determine whether they aro to be so used, and to authorize their organization and use. If armament Is to be limited, it is for tho treaty-making power, or Congress, to consent to the limit and for Congress to keep within It. There aro two bodies provided for In tho organization of tho league. One Is tho council of nine members, five of them to bo lepresentatlves of tho five great powers, the United States, tho British Empire, France, Italy and Japan, and four of them to represent four other powers selected by the assembly. The assembly consists of representatives of all the members of the league. Kach country may have from one to three delegates, but can only cast one vote. Tho function of the council Is advisory and recommendatory In respect to all thu functions of tho league. It is tho agency through which members of tho lenguo are advised of tho stato of affairs, and through which they can agree upon cooperation. It Is a more active body than the assembly nnd meets moro fre quently, and has many moro duties. One of them is to act as a mediatory body when tho parties do not agree upon arbitra tion. The assembly, by a two-thirds vote, can admit now members who fulfill cer tain conditions. If either party dcslre3, It can be substituted aa a mediating body for tho council. It also has tho function of pointing out Inconsistencies between existing treaties of league members and their obligations under tho league. Tho. first of tho four grent steps taken by tho league during the maintenance of peace Is tho limitation of armament pro vided for In tho eighth article. Tho coun cil Is to consider all world armaments. and with tho aid of a military commission Is to determine a plan for a genernl re ductlon of armaments and fix the tho limit for each nation, unembor of tho lenguo in that plan, The plan Is then submitted to the f-evernl nntlons for discussion and agreement. When tho nations havo agreed to a plan, or to such amendments of It ns they require, tho covenant to keep within tho limit fixed and agreed uoon for a po rlod of ten years unless tho council in creases tho limit in vlow of changed con dltlons. Tho importance of this provision cannot bo overstated In seccurlng peace. Tho chief factor In bringing tho world Into this great war was tho competitive raco of ar maments between tho nations. After th wars of Prussia with Denmark, Austria and Franco a German empire was formed by Illsmarck on a policy of blood and iron and an elaborato system of consorlptlon of all the youth of nil aermnny, with great effort, oxpense and preparation for war In strategic, railways, small arms, nmmu. nltlon, and all possible military equip ment, wns entered upon, Not only that, but Gormany stimulated her allies, Aus trla and Italy to a similar courae. Por national safety Prance and llussla wero compelled to enter Into tho great plans of conscription and military prepara tlon, tn defend themselves against the pnrul'nln ntsgrcssloii of Germany and throat nt her armament. Later on, there was n similar raco between Germany nnd Great Itrltaln In naval mattcra. Such enormous armaments had four evil re suits. Ono was tho burdciiEomo tnxatlon upon the peoples engaged. Tho second w!i Inn lemnvnl from tho fields of pro ductlon, for two or thrco yenrs, y con rcripll"!! of all tho young men of tho 'country. The third wrh tho truculence Und temptation tn war which sinn of t'lich a powerful Instrument gavo 'in the KiIklv, Ho used It In seeking d'p'.ouuulc tritiirplrj In Iho Congivnsen of i.pinv, ixpkitiliig them by tho ; lU-elarntl'.ii Uu.t he had won them by ..i"'ln.; fi r! "in hU n'lnlng armor,1' or "by nulling tho sword In his scab bard." Undoubtedly, tho fact that Ger many wns nhcad In tho raco of nrmnment, that Russia was slow In tho execution of Kb plnn for strategic railways, and Prance had not perfected its now purposo In respect to nrtlllory and conscription, held Germnny to nccept tho Austrian Serbian difficulty ns tho occasion for tho uso of Its perfect military establish ment to rcnllzo Its dreams of empire. AVIthout Its BUCcess, In tho rnco of (imminent, It never would havo conceived such dreams. In this Bcnse, therefore, this raco of armament caused tho wnr. The fifth great evil from this competi tive system was tho enormous destrue tlveness of the war and tho savnge character which this German preparation gavo It. It wns a war of tho Gormnn peo plo ngainst other peoples. It wns a war In which tho extensive scopo of tho Ger man weapons Included non-combatants-men, women and children In Its bloody purposo, nnd In which tho permanent devastation of countries with tho ulterior object of tho successful Industrial nnd commercial advantago of tho conqueror wns clear. When such suffering, such immense loss of life, such worldwido disaster havo grown out of this rnco of nrmamcnt, aro wo not Justified In assuming almost any burden nnd restriction to prevent Its In evitable recurrence, If wo do not now limit It? How nro wo to limit it? Wc limit It, In tho caso of Germany, by compulsion by compulsion of a League of Nations. Thoso nations which dictated tho peaco must unlto to maintain it. Tho only way wo can limit It nmong tho nllles Is by agree ment, and It Is that ngreemcnt which Ar ticle VIII In tho league provides for. What Is tho objection? It Is that If we limit our nrmamcnt, we pnralyze our government In Its defense of our liberties nnd our Institutions ngainst external ag gression, and wo cxposo ourselves linked to our enemies. Tho objection is entirely without weight. .Wo limit our arma ment In consideration of tho other nations of the league limiting theirs. Our limit Is adjusted proportionately to theirs, having due regard to tho moro or less exposed po sition of each nation, Its obligations to the lenguo nnd Its need for domestic uso of armament. In other words, wo do not expose ourselves any moro naked to our enemies than they do to us, In accord with a fair nnd Just plnn of common dis armament upon which wo havo agreed. Secondly, If other nations can safely ngreo to disarm, cannot wo? We havo an ocean between us and Europe where tho greatest danger of disturbance Is, and wo have an ocean between us and Asia. If Prance nnd Groat Hrltaln and Italy, with their recent enemies Just across the bor der from them, can agree to limit arma ment, why cannot we? Again, Is it not rather absurd and humorous for us to bo so sensitive now In respect to the proportionate, re duction of our nrmnment under tno general plan, when never In the hls torv of tho country havo wo had an adequato armament at tho beginning of any war or until we could make hasty preparation for that war: l enturo to prophesy that if tno league Is ratified and the agreement to dis arm Is made, and a limit fixed for us. wo shall never reach that limit until war is on us and that tho limit im posed will not constltuto the slightest embarrassment to Congress. Again, the Emperor of Russia sum moned a conference at Tho Hague, and one of the chief purposes of that con gress was to sccuro a mutual and common limitation of armament among tho nations of the world, and it was provonted by tho obdurato refusal of Gormany to glvo the slightest support to such a proposal. Our own delegates were Instructed to press In favor of It. The public opinion of this country undoubtedly supported that Instruc tion. Now theso objectors propose that we shall take tho place of Ger many by our refusal to Join in a com mon limit of armament, and defeat tho whole plan. Can It bo that we nre to bo such a marplot In a scheme of world progress so necessary and so beneficial to ourselves and mankind? It is further objected that an ngree mcnt to limit armament In a treaty on our part, Is unconstitutional. The treaty- making power has been held by the Supreme Court to Include that of making any contract Tor our nation with an other relating to any subject matter which Is usually Included In treaties be tween nations, save only that we may not change the form of our government or cedo land of a state without its con sent. The limitation of nrmament Is ono of frequent occurrenco in pence treaties, and hns always been. Therefore, It comes within tho definition of tho Supremo Court as a subject matter proper for contract by our treaty-making power. Moro than this, we made such a treaty with Great Hrltaln more than one hun dred years ago, In which wo asrecd to limit our navnl armament on tho Great Lakes In consideration of her doing tho same thing, and wo have kept that treaty alive and maintained It for moro than a century. It was not thought to bo un constitutional then; It hns not been dur ing that one hundred years of Its llfo; and we havo all been proud of the fact that we made It and kopt It. Certnlnly If au thority nnd precedent can establish con stitutional validity, they do so In this case. If It bo objected that tho council must Increase tho limit of nrmnment If It be needed In the ten years, and that therefore It leaves It to an outsldo au thority to govorn our course In this re spect. It Is sufficient to answer that aa wo havo tho full authority to make an agreement for ten years, tho mere fact that the agreement may be made less stringent by tho action of the council during that trn years, cannot Invalidate tho agreement, especially in view of tho fact that ns tho council must act unanimously, no change can be made In tho proportionate reduction of nrmaments unless by tho consent or our representa tive on that council; and thcrforo by our own consent. So much for tho first great siop in tno covenant. THE OVERFLOW MEETING Lily ila.ll wns practically filled with men nnd women from Burlington and about tho Stato at tho overflow meeting of tho convention of tho League of Nations under tho auspices, of tho League to Enforco Peace last night and for about two hours the nudlonco listened attentntively to addresses by threo of mo prominent speakers. Ex-Prchldont William Howard Tuft president or tho Lcaguo to Enforco Peaco, was tho first speaker, and as he was Introduced by Judge Frank L. Fish of Vcrgcmics he was greeted with hearty applause. Following him addresses were given by John H. Walker nnd ox-Gov. Samuel W. MeCnll of Massachusetts. Their speeches wero substantially tho same as those delivered nt Tho Strong um niuuu nro reported anovo. CUT THIS OUTIT IS WORTH .MOXUV Don't miss this. Cut nut this slln. n. closo with flvo cents to Foloy & Co 2S3D Sheffield Ave., Chicago, III,, writ- in your namo ana address clearly, win recelvo In return a trial package containing Foley's Honoy and Tar compound, for coughs, colds and croup. Foloy Kidnoy pills nnd Foley Cathartic tablets. J. V. O'Sulllvan, 30 v-uurcn streei. (Adv.) You nre going to buy a homo somo ume-or soon. Aro you not somewhat eur.ous to read about homes that nro In the markot? HAPPENINGS IN VERMONT (Continued from page 10) nlsh music. This Is tho first danco over given by tho company nnd every effort Is being mndo to mako this tho event of tho season. Mrs. Arthur P, Tlmmor man nnd daughter, Nnncy, left Inst week for her homo In St. Louis, Mo. Sho wns accompanied by her mother, Mrs. C. A. Edgorton, who will spend a few weeks In Hint city. Edward Sanborn of Boston Is visiting his parents, Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Sanborn. Tho members of the Nlsatln club held a Indies' night Friday at their club house on Central street. Ocorgo Bennett of IJarro delighted his listeners with Boveral vocal solos. J. T. Lanco also sang and tho high school orchestra furnished music. Cards and dancing wero enjoyed, after which re freshments were served. Miss Esther Steele, who has been In poor health for auiiiu mm-, uuuui wuni me- second surgi- ; cai operation in mo jinry Fletcher hos pital last week. Her condition Is favor nble. Ocorgo Kelty, who recently re turned from oversons and hns been In Boston for a fow weeks, Is nt the homo of his mother, Mrs. Mary Kelty. Ho Is working In the store of F. S. Dyke. Hnrvoy Hogaboon and Miss Allco I fill of Hnrdwlck were married In Northflcld Monday nt tho Methodist parsonage, tho Itev. G. H. Redding performing tho ceremony. MIDDLESEX. Mrs. Josophlno Warren came recently from Barrc, whoro she has spent tho win ter, to her homo nt E. E. Hill's for tho summer months. Mr. nnd Mrs. Frank Pike of llarro wero over-Sunday guests of Mr. and -Mrs. E. E. Hills. Daniel Cul- ley, nn oversons soldier boy of St. Albans, who haB been spending a few days with his uncles, the Ncwhall brothers, went to Montpeller Mnndny night and from there goes to Massachusetts to visit his brother and an aunt. Mrs. Eugene Stulile- bean of Montpeller spent Saturday as a guest of Mrs. William, Ncwhall. Mrs. Cora Morrison of Waterbury Center Is sewing for Mrs. W. II. Vaughn this week. Miss Mildred Cameron of Montpeller accompanied Miss Ella Comstock of Mont peller to her homo Saturday to spend the week-end. Next Sunday the service at tho Methodist Episcopal Church will be a me morial service. All old soldiers and sol diers Just returned are most cordially In vited to bo present. Wilber Blgolow, who has been visiting his brother and family, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Blgolow, has return ed to his homo In Salem. Mr. and Mrs. A. P. Blgolow and children accompanied by Wllbcr Blgelow were conveyed to Stowe by auto by Fred Eaton for a day among relatives recently. Miss Iiernlco Price has a now car presented her by her father, E. E. Price. Mrs. Josephine Warren came from Barro recently to her rooms at E. E. Hills, for the summer months. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Lowe of Chicago havo arrived at tho Bailey farm for a threo weeks1 rest. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Ward of Jones Brook aro employed for tho soason at tho Bailey farm. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Pike of Barro wero over Sunday guests of Mr. and Mrs. E. E. Hills. Next Sunday a memorial serv ice will bo given. Everyone Is Invited. Windsor County WHITE RIVER JUNCTION Guy N. Smith Is In receipt of a letter from his brother. G. Milan Smith, a for mer Junction resident, now a newspaper correspondent overseas. In tho letter ho gives a description of visits to towns and cities on the Hhine and German terri tory in association with 200 other news paper men. C. F. Going has sold his Highland park residence to Attorney Ray mond J. Tralnor, who will tako posses sion Juno 15 for his own family home. Howard J. Miller and Charles Le Bourseau, president and treasurer, re spectively, of the Inter-Stato Trust com pany, have arrived homo from their two weeks' trip to Arizona and Oklahoma. F. H. Abbott, district manager of the Eastern States' Farmers' Exchange, with headquarters In Springfield, Mass., was In town Friday and In conference with Clarence J. Frink, general manager of the Farmers' Exchange of tho Windsor County Farm Bureau. Under tho super vision of E. J. Maclo a force of men nro at work laying spacious granolithic side walks on tho south, east, and north sides of tho new telephone building. A sev enth class llcenso has been granted to a White River Junction applicant. It is tho second llcenso of the seventh class In tho town of Hartford. Mrs. Mary C. Pease has returned to her homo from tho Mary Hitchcock hospi tal, Hanover, N. H whoro for somo weeks sho was a patient, A. H. Stuck pole, assistant superintendent of the Champlaln Realty company. Is at his of fice after a 10 da,-s" tour of inspection at the New Hampshire and Vermont pulp wood camps. Supt. George A. Chedel of the Champlaln Realty company Is on an extended business trip to Boston. Secretary Fred L. Davis of tho Ver mont Stato fair nnnounces the following appointments ns superintendents of departments at the coming fair: Hor ticultural hall, Dana Stafford of Rrattlcborn; machinery hall, C. J. Sargent, White River Junction; floral hall, S. F. Leonard, North Pomfrot; cattle, Geoigo Terrlll, Morrlsvlllo; sheep, Walter Harrington, Pomfrot; Morgan and exhibition horses, E. A. Sum Iter, Morrlsvllle. Tho prize list of tho coming fair is expected to bo In distribution by June 20. Sergeant Major Bernard Whlto is at home from nn 18 months army service overseas. Ho was formerly clerk In the First National Bank. Ho enlisted In Now York city nnd was assigned to Its C9th regiment. With him Is Sergeant Major Timothy J. Monahan of tho overseas army and New York, and ho also has seen an IS months service. Miss Marlon Barnard of tho locar telephono exchange, who is soon to leavo town for Kecnc, N, II,, was glvon a farewell reception Friday by her associ ates . The gathering was at tho homo o? Mr. and Mrs. Guy Broulllettc. Thero was an Interesting program of music and a presentation of appropriate gifts. Miss, Llda Bonneau of Worcester, Mass., Ih tho guest of Mrs. Hen ry Larson at tho homo of hor ir.ironts, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred K. Watson. Cnptnln Henry W. Larson, medical corps, who Is now In France, Is expected homo In June to undergo nn operation tor tonslllls. A commltteo with C. L. Joy us chairman is making a canvas of tho town In tho interest of the Methodist Episcopal Church ccntonary. Mr. nnd Mrs. Edmund C. Gilbert went to Wil llamstown, Tuesday to uttend tho funeral of a relative, Goorgo Savory.-l'alm.ui Onlodny Is on a buslnoss trip to Now York city. Miss Roxlo Gilbert has boon engaged to furnish tho dally music for tho summer beasnn nt n White Mountain hotel in Woodstock, N. II. Miss Gilbert Is a violinist and In nssnclntlon with hor will bo Miss Gludys Broulllotto of Whlto River Junction as cello plnyer and Miss Gladys Howard of Lebanon, N. H pianist. A special nnd largely attended meeting of Flro District No. 1, of Whlto River Junction, was hold In Knights of Pythias hall, Tuesdny evening, Tho purposo of tho mooting, wns to see whnt action tho district would tako on the proposition to build a now tiro department house, Tho result of tho submission of the question was tho call i'Pn Mr. Lollourvcau to explain tho action of the commltteo In !tB proposal for a now flro department house. Chnlrmnn LoBourvcnu'B remarks closed with tho statement that tho com mltteo wns Informed that tho suggested now building could bo built at an esti mated cost of $11,000 exclusive of tho cost of tho land which wns given nt about $1,000. It was further stated that tho sum of $2,!)00 could bo obtained for tho old flro houao and site. Following tho chair's conclusion there wns a general discussion of tho proposition and ono of tho principal tnlks was by P. E. Adams nnd his remarks prompted hearty ap plause. Mr. Adams urged tho postpone ment of tho plnn to build till moro pro pitious times. Selectman George G. Nichols Indorsed tho vlows of Mr. AdamH ns did D. A. Plngrco nnd sovornl others. At tho closo of tho discussion tho motion was mado nnd carried that tho proposal for'a now building be postponed Indefinitely, and succeeding this tho meet ing voted unanimously to Instruct tho commltteo to repair tho present hottso at un expenso not to exceed ?3,600. Tho mooting lnstcd for two hours. SHARON On Wednesdays May II a public re ception nnd wolcomo homo was given n group of Sharon soldiers by tho town. Tho progrnm wns given in Ornngo hall with Mrs. M. C. Strachan ns director. Music was by tho Sharon cornet band. The soldiers wero each prosontcd with n medal. Tho recipi ents wero Foster Rlx, Ernest Sweet, Paul Gibson, Lcsllo Lovejoy, Albert Shorman, Robert Slater and Charles wore present, but all save tho nbovo named already had been given somo presentation. The reception lino was led by Weill! C. Porter and Charles Tucker. Tho presentations wero mndo by Otis C. Sawyer and thcro wan a vocal solo by Miss Grace M. Badger with piano accompaniment by Miss Susie Drown. Tho evening closed with refreshments and dancing. Melvlllo and G. W. Robblns of Orllla, Ont., wore recent guests of their undo nnd aunt, Mr. and Mrs. Silas Sweet. Er nest Sweet, a lately returned soldier from overseas service, plans to leave Sharon this week for Canadian points and for a probable permanent home. Mr. nnd Mrs. W. W. Kcyler of Bloom flold, N. J., arrived In town Saturday evening to inako ready their Sharon summer home, Idlowood. Mr. and Mrs. Keylcr will remain In town for two weeks. Guests accompanying Mr. and Mrs. Keyler Wero Dr. and Mrs. Charles J. Neff of Montclalr, N. J., who will remain In town for several days. N. P. Wheeler, M. H. Degnan and Er nest Oakes wero AVhlto River June tlon visitors In town Saturday. Dr. and Mrs. E. J. Stono wero wook-end visitors In Burlington. At tho meot- lng of Sharon Lodge, I. O. O. F., on Thursday evening, a degree was con forred on three candidates. Tho few plum trees that survived tho winter of 11118-13 are In blossom. An Important real cstato salo In town on Monday morning was that of tho Clin ton E. Burke residence and farm to Dr. Charles J. Neff, of Montclalr, N. J. Dr, Neff buys tho property for a permanent residence and plans with his family to tako possession early In June. Tho cs tato Is located on the main hlghwny to South Royalton and about ono mllo from thu Sharon postofllce. Mr. Burko Is tho recent purchaser of a farm In tho south ern part .of tho town. Dr. Neff Is a young man but has retired from the practice of medicine. SOUTH ROYALTON The Rev. Dr. Shaw of St. Albans, dls trlct superintendent, preached at tho Methodist Episcopal Church Sunday morning. Mr. Lamberton has moved from tho Fales tenement to tho Mrs. Charles Sargent place, which ho has rented. A. W. Bohonnan has a new automobile. Ray Whltcomb was called to Barro Sunday on nccount of tho death of his uncle. John Goodrich sent two carloads of hogs Monday and ono of cattle. The price paid for hogs now is l&'t cents per iiound. A large number of pupils and teachers aro expecting to go to Hanover next wee'.: Thursday to at tend the community sing In that village. Rehearsals have begun for the graduation exercises of tho high school which will bo held Juno G at 2:30 p. in., In tho opera house. SI'IIAY FllUlT TREKS SOON It is nbout time, says Prof. M. B. Cum mlngs, horticultural specialist for tho extension service of the University of Vermont nnd Stato Agricultural College, for the annual spraying of fruit trees in most places in Vermont. In the south ern pnrt of the Stato tho tlmo Is prob ably right Just now whereas in northern Vermont the application might bo de layed a fow days, perhaps until tho middle of next week. The standard solution Is the commer cial strength of lime sulphur which is used nt tho rate of one gallon to 40 gal Ions of water to bo mixed with two and one-half pounds of arsenato of lead as paste or two pounds of owdored nrscnate. This application should bo put on before the trees blossom, but after tho leaves begin to como out This Is particularly effectlvo for tho con trol of apple scab which causes black spots on leaves and fruits, and canker which causes eruptions on tho limbs, spottcnlng all leaves and blackening tho fruit. It Is also effective ngainst tho bud moth and common apple worms. Tho second application, generally known as tho after blossom spray, should bo of tho same strength as indicated nbovo and should bo npplted within ten dnys from tho time the blossoms fall from apple, pear, plum and cherry trees. This spray is particularly effective for the con trol of coddling moth, commonly called tho apple worm, and also apple scab, canker, bud moth, otc. In this applica tion tho spray should bo driven against tho ends of tho blossoming branches. This is tho most Important application of all and should -never bo omitted. Somo other Important points aro to follow all directions with caro especially regarding1 strengths of solution and man ner of application. It Is Imperative that one have a good cqulpmont, that ho bo timely in application, that ho havo a good pump with high pressure and ex tension rod enabling ono to dlroct tho spray against the branches nnd at proper height. To do this ono needs 30 feet of hose. Ono should have good nozzles nnd should aim to spray thoroughly and take plenty of tlmo to dronch tho trees, It Is best not to attempt to spray when thero Is much wind and ono should al ways avoid making applications when tho foliage Is wet. In case tho season is a wet ono especially beforo, during nnd nfler blossoming ono should aim to give a third application llko unto tho sec ond after an Interval of about two weeks following the after blossom spray. In ease of unavailability of the llmo sulphur ono may uso Bordeaux mixture, sumo formula as used for potatoes. Somo commercial mixtures llko pyrox llmo sulphur are alto effectlvo. Slli: FINDS HERSELF MUCH IIETTEH Lamn back, rheumatic pains, stiffness and soreness in muscles and Joints can bo quickly rolloved. Mrs. L. Wavue, 272(1 3rd St., Ocean Park, Oil,, writes: "I used tn have pains in my right hip. I could liurdly turn In bed. Now I find I am much bettor by using Foloy ICIdncy Pills, Llkovlse, palps In my back loft. J. W. O'Sulllvan, 30 Church stroot. ' (Adv.) I'llEE PRESS WANT ADS l'AY I1KST THE STATE FREIGHT CAH MOVES HOUSE An unusual accident occurred at Lyndonvlllo last week when a long freight train that was being switched In tho rail road yard ran Into tho houso occupied by Aloxnndcr Charland moving It off tho foundation about two feet. The car was not removed for somo tlmo owing to tho necessity of Jacking up tho building, but It finally was, leaving tho houso In need of general repairs. STATE LIBRARY MEETING A meeting of tho Addlson-Chlttendon counties district of tho Vermont Library association will bo held at the Lawrcnco Memorial Library In Brlstot on Friday, May 23, with sessions at 10:00 a. m, and 1:30 p. m. Tho main topic of tho meeting will bo "How Libraries May Inspire nn Interest In Nature," and the program will bo In charge of Miss Edith Chamhcrlln of tho Blxby Memorial library of Vcrgenncs, district vice-president. All librarians and library trustees In tho district as well as all others Interested nro Invited to attend. NEW HOTEL FOR BARRE If the specifications prove satisfactory to tho building Inspector and conform with the flro restrictions, Barro Is likely to havo another hotel for the convenience of the traveling public. At a city council meeting Charles Zanlconl mndo applica tion for nn innkeepers llcenso and gave a brief description of tho proposed addi tion of a third story to his building at tho corner of Merchant nnd North Main streets. HURT IN AUTO CRASH Mrs. Annie Gookln of Somcrvllle, Mass., Is at Brlghtlook hospital In St. Johnsbury seriously Injured as tho result of an auto moblto accident on Hurlburd hill in Waterford Friday night. Other members of the automobile party hound from Bos ton to Lyndonvlllo wero only bruised nnd lacerated, being thrown clear of the car while Mrs. Gookln was pinned under neath. A. E. Blood of Boston, who was driving tho Dodge car, lost control at the top of the hill . and tho car plunged off the road, went part way up anothor bank and then turned over. This hill has been tho scene of several fatal accidents. Other members of tho party wero Mrs. Blood, wlfo of tho driver of the machine, and her nephew, Charles Bennett of Bos ton. Mrs. Gookln sustained the fracture of ono hip and was badly bruised. Her condition was reported to be dangerous. SOLDIER HOME TO DIE Suffering from the Incurable Hodg- klns disease, Clayton Carlisle of Lud low has been brought home from Camp Dovens by his parents to die. He served In Co. 4, Fourth Engineers, and contracted Hodgklns disease, a gland ular swelling all over tho body for which no cure has been found and which ultimately will prove fatal. Be fore Carlisle was sont home he gave the military authorities a letter stat ing that ho realized and appreciated his position and condition. Hla par ents wero asked to glvo tho authorities a letter stating that they can and will give him the proper caro and treat ment until the end. He was then re leased nnd tho Eovonhniont will pay him $100 a month as long as he lives, besides $57 a month from tho war risk Insurance policy. When he dies tho balance of his insurance will go to his estate. FEDERATION TO MEET Tho 24th annual convention of the Vermont Federation of Women's clubs will be held In Barre June 3, 4 nnd 5 Among' the speakers announced are John F. Scully of Boston, Prof. Bertha Terrlll of Burlington, Prof. K. R. B. Flint and Mrs. Ward Allen Chapman. BOYS START FIRE Two small boys playing In a wood shed aro believed to have set flro to somo hay which caused a $500 blaze at the home of Mrs. J. E. Rodney in Barre. Tho prompt arrival of tho fire men prevented the destruction of tho house. BOY INJURED John J. Sawyer of Rutland met with a painful accident while coasting down hill on a bicycle at the home of his uncle, Harry Taylor, of Chittenden. Tho brake refused to function and the Jad was hurled on to a pile of slate rock. His face and arms wero seriously bruised. Ho was taken to his homo and attended by Dr. F. E. Qulgley, who dressed his wounds. TWO FARM FIRES Two serious farm fires involving nn aggregate loss of $7,500 occurred near Barre May 14. Ono of them was the largo two-story houso and horso barn on tho Spencer Miner farm, and tho other a house and barn on George Gor don's. Tho fires wero almost simultaneous. SUCCESSFUL CONVENTION Tho annual convention of the Washing ton County Sunday School association was held at Barre Thursday. Tho Row F. L. Goodspecd Is tho new president. Over CO per cent, of the Sunday schools wero represented. CAUGHT DISEASE IN BOSTON Edmund Gray of South Rycgato has died of pneumonia following nn attack of Influenza which ho contracted while In Boston recently to welcome his brother, Wallace Gray, who roturned with the 2Cth Division. All tho other members of tho family were also taken sick with tho same disease but are thought to bo recovering. Mr. Gray had been carrying on a farm for his mother, his father hav ing died a few years ago, Ho was 23 years of ago. 36 YEARS WITH FAIRBANKS CO. V, E. Sargent, who for tho past 36H years has been In tho employ of E. & T. Fairbanks & Co. at St. Johnsbury as a machinist, has resigned his position and purchased a meat markot nnd grocery' store. Mr. Sargent entered the employ of the scale company when a small boy nnd has been continuously employed thero until tho present time, having an enviable record as a good and faithful workman. OPEN ZONE FOR DEER At the big fruit orchards at the Mc Rao farm at Castloton Corners has been established the first open zone for tho killing of deer under the new law. This Is for tho protection of tho big orchard, where much damage has been done. Tho zono ns established is practically as fol lows: On tho south by tho main highway leading from Fair Haven to Castleton, on tho west by tho waters of Lake Bomosecn, on the north by tho south line of tho Pino Cliff farm and on tho cast by a lino running from tho Pino Cliff farm to tho south lino and situated three quarters of a mile east of tho highway running from Castleton Corners to Hub bnrdton. BRINGS CROIX UK GUERRE Prlvnto Fred L. Lavlgno has arrived at his homo In Swanton, bringing home with him tho Croix do Guerre Ho whb a mombor of tho 42nd Rainbow division and was with tho Army of Occupation In Ger many Ho received his decoration while with tho French while on tho Sedan front. Ho was on patrol duty, with a squad in which ho was second In command. Tho nnWv wan .nlictif llnrlnr ft liMVtf bar Though cut off for a tlmo from his ownj lines, ho brought ovory man back nuvc. AID SALVATION ARMY John Spargo, tho eminent author, In spired by tho work of tho Salvation Army In France, Is giving his nld to the local drive In Bennington for funds for the or ganization, although thoro Is no local nrmy thoro. HER AFFECTIONS WORTH $10,000 T. E. Irons, employed as cook at tho Berwick Hotel In Rutland has filed a $10,- , 000 alienation of affections law suit In Uut- . land county court ngainst Agnes Kimball and Daniel E. Kimball of North Ferris burg, mother and father of his wife, Lil lian Kimball Irons. Real cstato holdings, farm Implements, Studcbaker automobile, four horses, cows, flvo yearlings and other farming implements belonging to the de fendants havo been attached by tho plain tiff. THIS AND THAT Tho Castlcton summer school la to bl held from July 1 to July 23. Georgo Offcnsend of Fair Haven, 84, on of the oldest Musons'ln tho State, Is dead. The Rev. Edgar Crossland has been in stalled ns pastor of St. Paul's Presbyte rian Church at Barro. Tho Baptist Church of Rutland held a memorial scrvlco Sunday evening for tho ' boys who did not como back from the war. Because ho stole several shirts from the factory, Clarence E. Kllno of Rutland will spend 30 dayH In tho county Jail. "Somewhere In America" Is tho tltlo of a big musical production to bo given nt Montpeller In June under tho auspices o 1 the Elks. BECOMES ACUTE Dismemberment of Empire May Start Holy War, Peace Delegations Think Paris, May 21. (By the Associated Press.) The Turkish problem has be come most acute In the peace conference. Various delegations are striving to And somo solution for tho dismemberment of the empire which will not provoke a re ligious war. Tho United States is being looked to by tho other powers as tho only nation which can become the mandatory for Constantinople without the danger of precipitating another European war, but the American delegates to tho peaco conference express doubt of the willing ness of the United States to accept tho mandate, especially under the conditions which tho powers havo outlined. With tho Sultan removed from Con stantinople, the American delegates ex pressed tho bellei that it might be pos sible for tho American public to become reconciled to the mandate. However, tho Indian delegation which has ap peared beforo tho Council of Four to plead for special consideration for the feelings of tho Mohammedan world aa well as other Mohammedans who havet made statements assert that the Sultan, must not bo forced out of Constantinople, declaring that such action would greatly affect his standing In the church. Con sequently Great Britain Is Booking to have tho Sultan remain in Constantinople, as head of tho Mosle: l faith, but with, purely spiritual powers. It Is now suggested that instead 08 transferring- tho Sultan to a strip ofl territory somowhero in Asia Minor that ho remain In Constantinople but bo allowed to exercise a degree of temporal power over some territory in Asia Minor to bo selected, thus pre serving tho form of the Ottoman Em pire. Such a plan, It is asserted, would prevent the obliteration of Turkish pre-war debts and necessitate the framing of a peace treaty with the empire. The American commission discussed this plan yesterday, but apparently there was considerable difference of opinion among the delegates. Somo of them feel that tho United States probably would be unwilling to ac cept tho Constantinople mandate under any conditions in the event it accepts tho mandate for Armenia, which would require a largo number of American troops until such time as native forces could be organized and tho un settled conditions controlled. Military experts declare that Con stantinople could bo controlled entirely by tho navy and policod under direc tion of the marines. The probable military force necessary to restore order In Armenia and protect Armeni ans from their nggresslvo neighbors has been variously estimated at from 50,000 to 100,000. SALLY LUNN OF BATH Her Name Pit-nerved In Cookery Other Food Name Sally Lunn was a pastry-cook who, at tho end of 1S00 used to sell the tea bread which bears her namo In tho streets of Bath. Sandwich is called afer tho Earl of Sandwich. Mulligatawny Is derived from nn East Indian word meaning pepper-water. Macaroni originated from a Greek phraso meaning "the blessed dead," in allusion to tho ancient custom of eating It nt feasts for departod souls. , Gooseberry-fool is a corruption of gooseberry "foule," meaning milled or pressed gooseberlrcs. Forcemeat comes from the French, "farce" meat. "Farce" Is stuffing, thus Is forcomoat used for stuffing. Blanc-mango means, literally, "white eatable." Julienne soup wns Invented by a Mme Dcschamps, a Paris market woman, who died about 1S97, aged M. She saw the allies enter Paris after Waterloo, and buppllod vegetables to tho Tullcrles dur ing the reign of Charles X. and Napoleon III. Stray Stories. ALL ABOUT EGGS In a hen's egg only one-fifth of the substance Is nutritious. Ono-ntnth is refuse, nnd tho greater portion, about two-thirds. Is water. Judgod by the amount of nutriment, a goose's egg Is the most valuable; next In order nre duck's, guinea fowl's, hens' turkeys'. Eggs contain a largo quantity of sul phur, which is purifying to tho blood and good for tho complexion, To get the best egg you must feed your , fowl on grain, And to cook It In tho most digestible way you must not boll tho wator. Heat tho water of ISO dogrecs and leave the egg In It for 10 minutes. You will then digest evory morsel. Uut If you boll It for threo minutes no less than one-twelfth of it will fall to he digested. Stray Stories, Need another helper In your offtceTj Tell tho readors of the classified what! sort of qualifications aro essential, fm TURKISH PROBLEM