Newspaper Page Text
TUB BtmLTTfGTON MtKE PRESS AND' TIMES: THUKSPAT. JANUARY 15, 1920.
How to Help A philosopher says, the most difficult job in the world is to help men. The only Uj safe way is to help men to help themselves, m That is rhp nnrnncp nf fVn'e VoL- HOWARD NATIONAL BANK (fe) ll Zg) The World Owes Me a Living You t?ay, "The world owes me a living." " Perhaps it does. The only question is. how to collect it. By taking1 care of your savings, you go a long way toward collecting what the world nwps you. Let this Bank assist you. C5TY TRUST ii iiii 1 III HOSPITAL RATES liven This Action Will Not Meet I Growing Deficiency Resulting from Mounting Cost of Drugs, V 'us and Other Supplies -May Curtail Charity Work The director? of the Mary Fletcher hospital at their adjourned annual meeting Monda afternoon adopted n new scale of rates with a view of help In? to meft the growing deficiency result ing from 'he large increase in everything ronnected with hospital operation, nud rrpeclalh drugs, apparatus and so on. T , mi reaped rates, however, will pro cliff only part of the additional necos rary r vunur and utiles;- funds are speedily forthcoming it will he necessary to reduce tin amount of charity woik clone, as the endowment fund must be kept intact In view of the fact that the directors Intend to make the service complete, and lo keep the hof.pltnl in the 11 vat rank they feel that patrons will realize that the rates are no' high Considering the character and extent of the service, and (he fa"t that the compensation and hoard of a. private nurse at home Mould pnj the expense of the hospital, winding loom board, nurse, medical and urgical nttendann , except for private patients, it is not ,-tr.ingo that Ihe hospital is con standly crowded, the average being aoovfl 100 On the other hand, including cvthcad charges, It costs on an average i"ore 'ban 22 a week for every patient ndmitted lo thr Hospital, so that every ee patient means much more than for nerlj a." regards expense and the ellrec- ors have enl so much to spend thus. If the eharit work Is cut down, the pub- lc will know the reason why. The attending staff was elected it tin 'e etu annual meeting. Additions were made to the 1st Monday, and the staff low S Honorary consultants l)rs. W. R Lund, r H Albee, R V. Lovott, fr R. Watkins. Attending physicians Dr.. W. A. Lyman, .1 X Jenne, C. H. needier. D A. Shea Assistant physicians Drs. O. 11. r.ranch. S C Hill H. I.. Wilder, C. N. Pcr- kins, ,T A Archambautt. Vttending physician, diseases of chil dren Dr C K Johnson. Attending physician, dlfeases of nerv-iii- system Dr V W. Sears. Yt'cr-dmg s.urgeons Drs. .1. R, Wheeler, 11 C Tinl.ham, P E McSweeney. A. Pe.asc ssiEtur' surgeons Drs. I.yman Allen, O M Sahln, R L. Maynard, R. D Adams, 13 .1 A Bombard, T. S. Brown. Obrtc rician in- P. E. McSweeney. si3t nt obstetrician Dr f N. Ea.t inar ttendl" n.rgeon, ee, ear, nose, ibroa'-Dr f Twitchell. Usistrint uiveon. eye, ear, nose, hioat-Pr K. O Twitchell. Utendin? turgron, scnlto-urinnvy dls cases Dr W W Toivnsend. ssi3lant surgeon, genito-urlnary riis-fMse-; Drs S I.. Morrison, U. L. Pache, Proctologist Hi ), C. Hawley. nesthettst -Dr .1 II. Dodds. ReoVitgcnologlst Dr. S. 1,. Morrison. Pathologist ur B. II Stone. Utending nngeoii, out-patient depart ment, ec iar, note, throat Dr. IS, T Rrown Assistant attending Aurgi-on, out-patient department, eye, t ar, nose, throat Dr. John A Hunter. CITY FIREMEN'S BENEFIT ASSOC. OF BURLINGTON Montpeller, Jan. 13. The city Firemen's Benefit association of nurlington has filed articles of association in tho office of tho pecretuiy of State for the purpose of glv lug benefits to firemen or their families. The papers are signed by William II. Smith, S. J!. Lauzon anil W. E. Carty of Rurlliigtou along with 2S of their as soclatcs . Tho Vermont Silk company of Untitle boro, whoso capital stock lu set up at .VJ3.0UO, lin filed articles In tho same of fice, the purpose being to handle silk and t-lllc pioducts In Drattloboro. The slgnerH of thu pjpoif) atn Is. S. Kdwards, A. P, Wtnonds and C'lutlssa II. KdwaidH of Jiattleboro, A 1'AIXFUI, MATTKIt .i , it'H lookin' si'edy yo are. A shave ' uldn't hurt ye u Mt." "aith, Molke. if yer. ccnild sen me i zor ' ez woiiiln't say that. Roston " l.tr c pt COMPANY J BURLINGTON HAS NEW Steady Growth of Local Chris- (ion Science Society Results in Formation of First Church of Christ, Scientist Officers Elected Friday Night A new church organization camo In to existence Friday evening in Burling ton, when the First Church of Christ. Scientist, was organized In the Howard Relief hall The now church comes as the result of the steady growth of the organization heretofore, known an the, Christian f-'clenre Society and marks the termination of the latter organiza tion and the beginning of a larger ehurrh Tho following were elected of ficers In the new organization First render, Charles F. Southworlh. Second reader, Kdna N Vnllere. Clerk. ,T. Q. Adams. Treasurer F. P. Mitchell. Director.- Mrs. Clara Druiy. Mrs. Imogen, lieVore, L. SI DeVore. The clerk and treasurer, together with the. three last named directors, constitute the hoard of diroctors. A li'solutlon was adopted at tho meeting, disapproving the action of the board of trustcca of the Christian Pub lishing Society of Norton. Mass., in bringing tin recent suit In equity against the Christian Science board of directors of tho Mother Church, the First Church of Christ. Scientist, in Roston, and upholding the said board of directors in thoir efforts to carry out the provisions of the manual of th Mother Chureh. VERMONTER APPOINTED . I".. Adunix. NulUe of Newport. rn Secretnrj rf Ilofiton 1. M. C. .. Iloston. Mass.. .Ian. tl. Wilman K. Adams, who was recently appointed genera secretary of the Roston Young Men's Christian Association, succeed ing fjcorge W. Mehaffcy, took charge yesterday of the work of the organiza tion, Mr. Adams was to have begun his duties on March 1, but his prior release from service with thn Interna tional committee in New York obtained when his predecessor's Illness made this action advisable. Mr. Mehaffcy Is now recovering from an operation for appendicitis, and when he regains his strength lie will continue his long con nection with the Roston association. He will assist Mr. Adams In getting ad justed and will act as counsellor to the members of the organization, prlvlng them the benefit of his experience nnd friendship. Mr. Adams was horn in Newport. Vermont. December II, 1SS1, He spent the greater part of his boyhood In North Dakota, but returned to Vermont In 1b93 to altond St. Johnsbury Academy, where he was graduated In IflO'. In 1D0R ho cam" to Roston to ngago in special cngluerlng studios, and while here he became Interested In association work. IJ, was induced by Mr. Mehaffey to take the olnce of seoiutury of tho army department of the Roston V. M. C. A which he held four years. The International commit tee then appointed him one of the field secrotailes of the army and navy de partment, with headquarters in Seat tle, Wash, Ho organized branches of the Y. M. C. A. at Brcmetton. Wash., and Port Townsend In July, 1916, Mr. Adams went to the Mexican hordct to do Y. M. C. A. work with tho State troops, and for several months he was in charge of the west ern section, When the National War Work Council was organized In April, 1917, he was chosen as executive secrc tary of the Southern department. The camps over which he had charge had a capacity of over 400,000 men. Tho department organization of the Y, M, C. A. required nearly 1,000 secretaries, of which he was chief. Ho was called in October. 1918 to t lie New Vork headquarters of tho Na tional War Work Council as associate secretary of the home section and as special representative of the council at Washington, V. C, where he came In contact with the heads of the army and navy As a business executive, lie will un del take the consistent development of all departments of the- Roston Y. M, C. A, His policy will be to make thn organization a clearing house for civic, moral and educational Interests. A public recoptlon for Mr, and Mrs. AdaniH will be given In the near future. You may sell that phonograph-lf Iff pood value-throuch (he cl.nsrfld. VERMONT DAIRYMEN AND SUGAR MAKERS IN ANNUAL MEETING Sessions Held at University Gymnasium, with Big Exhibit of Machinery and Equipment in Annex Words of Welcome and Responses Rutland Man Describes Method of Spout ing Sap Direct from Trees to Sugar House Other Helpful Addresses Evening Meeting Given Over to Guernsey Breeders' Association. Th soth annual meeting of the Ver mont Dairymen' association and the 27th annual meeting of the Vermont Su gar Makers' association opened in the gymnasium of the University of Ver mont Tuesday for a thioo days' ses sion, held In co-operation with tho Uni versity of Vermont For the first time In the history of tho conventions In this city, the visitors have ample room for meeting place and ex hibits, thanks to the University of Ver mont. A feature of this convention Is the strong line of exhibits, which Is con sidered by all to be the best In the his tory of the association, and the visitors showed a keen Interest In them. Recause of Un late arrival of many of the members the morning session was postponed until afternoon and the pro gram was combined with the afternoon's. A feature of the convention was the feeding of crowds at the unlvorslty. Com mons hall war opened to them and lunch was served at a price, less than one-half that which would have bf-en paid down town. The girls of the university opefs tod a cafeteria In the exhibition hall, which fed many, and the occasion was used to show the possibilities of Ver mont dairy products. A temporary kit chen In the basement of the gymnasi um was fitted up. THR CONVKNTION OPF.NS The convention opened at 1 :30 o'clock with the invocation by the Rev C. .1. Staples of this city, followed by tho address of welcome by Mayor J. Holmes Jackson. Dr. Jackson said. Gentlemen of the Vermont Dairy men's association and of the Vermont Maple Sugar association. This city Is again honored in having the joint annual moetlnR of your asso ciation hld here. The many annual conventions and other meetings held In this city. Is proof that Rurllngton N, at lfast, a convenient place for such gatherings. We have not yet a con vention hall, but you and others find quarters which 1 hope are fairly suit able. The members of these two associa tions are among Vermont p most-worthy citizens. You not only speak woll of the State, but you do much to advance Its best interests. Vermont maple sugar is the standard everywhere; It has no equal. This Is an important in dustry and. for one, I hope rnaplo or chards and their reputation will not be cut down. The dairy Industry in the State also brings Vermont to tho front whoreovcr Its products are dis-i played. j We hear It often snld that Vermont is noted for men, women and maple sugar. We must add our dairy pro ducts, making four things for which the Green Mountain State is noted On behalf of the. city I extent to you one and all, a most cordial welcome. I hope you find here a place suitohlo for your meetings and your exhibitions. T also hope you will find hcie a people who appreciate your visit, and who value your endeavors to advance these two great industries, whirii )ou so ably represent, at this meeting. ' Lleut.-Oov. M&son S. Stone made the response for the sugarmakei.s. He. I thanked Mayor Jackson for his words of welcome and said that Rurllngton is an ideal place In which to hold conventions. Ho told how all Vermontcrs might adver tise maple sugar as a Vermont product. giving a humorous story of what hap-1 pened when he triod to serve It to his 1 guests at a dinner In the Philippines. lie explained to the Chinese cook to melt it and place it in saucers. The cook understood, "melt It and place it on sausage." and It was served that way. As Vice-President S. L. Harris of Proc tor could not be present, foimcr Presi dent K. L. Davis of Hartford made the response for the dairymen. He gave a brief history of tho different officer who have presided and held office during the last 30 years of the life or the assncia-t tion. 1 SKCRETAJR.Y AND TRKASI'RKR ' REPORT The secretary, C. O. Ormsbee of Mont polior, gave as a reapon for holding the convention in Burlington, the ample hotel accommodations, which are afford ed in no other place in the StHte, and tho facilities at the university for hold ing large meetings. Montpeller is the only other plocu that Is at all suitable, and it was impossible to hold the meet ing there at this time as tho hall was not available. According to the secre tary, Inst year was the most profitable year the members of thn association have ever had, In spite of the fact that the tost of manufacture has lnrgel In creased. In 1S92, when the association wag formed, labor cct J0 a month and sugar sold for five cents a pound. Now It finds u ready market nt K rents a pound. The prevention of destruction of maple forests must be um. of the works of the association. The treasurer, C. F, Purinton of Rur llngton, reported receipt of 1804.87 during the year and expenditures of J728.70, of which WTZ was for premiums Thl leaves a balance of 1166.17 on hand Jonunrv 1. 1930. These closed the morning's program us originally prepared, for H. R. Chapln of Middlesex, president of the Sugar makers' association, who was scheduled to give an address, could not he present because of a death in his family. SPOUTING SAP DIRECT Fiank Teer or Rutland had the open ing address on the afternoon piogram and he was heard with much interest, for ho gave an account of actual experience with a new idea In sugarmaklng, spouting sap direct, Mr Teer said that he had been using this system since 1916 and that It was invented by W, C. Browcr of .May field, N. Y In 1903 and patented three years later. The system consists in run. nlng pipe lints from the trees to the! sugar house, and the sap Is mndo to run easily by putting small holes in the Pipe at lnter Uh to lt the nlr In. The pipe is made of tin, leaded over, and comes In two sizes, one-third of an Inch for the branch lines, and tifreoquartcrN Inch for the main lines. In describing the Installation of (he system, Mr. Teer said that In tho fall of the year he sets out stakes for the pipes, Whcro wire Is used to hang the pipe on, sometlmer i, i, rods, depending on the pitch. On . 'I t ie main .lues wire Is used on v iv,m to hang the pipe. The. wire has lo be stretched verj tight so as to avoid sagging, The pipe comes in lengths of four feet, seven Inches, and Mr, Toer Iihb ono main line which brings two orchards together and which is 1,500 feet in length. All along those main lines, branch lines arc attached and to these In turn are attached other branch lines making a net work of pipe. The branch lines are connected to tile main lines by goose neoks, ns tliny nr railed. By tho use of the gooseneck nnd two foot lengths of pipe a tre can b tapped nt any place. Mr. Teer said that he had found by ox TMrlence that it Is advisable to have the lines run on the east and south wides of the trees so when tho sun come'; up In the morning It will strike tho pipt and prevent them from freezing. During Mir tunc that Mr Teer had been using the system he says that he has had only three or four limbs strike the pipe and he has seen in the same woods buckets knocked down by limbs and spoiled and more than 35 buckets blown down in a single hour. In the height of tho runs he ha seen the main pipe nearly full running In the tub and this sap came irom w spues. Afl"r a run Mr. Teer takes ,i tank full of water into the woods and goes to the. ends of earh branch and pours u pail full through to wash tin- pipe out Tln-n at the end of th,. season, just as soon as tin- sap is through run ning, he collects these pipes and washes them before they got soui Then thoy are put In the evaporator and boiled Then they are scoured out, boiled again and rinsed and dried and put away Before they are used In the spring the ate scalded again Mr. Teer said that lie would take three men besides himself and they could tap about 300 tiees n day He bores the trees himself as he prefers to use his own judgment about where to bore them. Mr. Teer is using .10,000 feet of this piping, which is equivalent to 400 buckets He estimates that 1100 feet will do the work for 100 buckets If tho trees are anywhere near to gether As two of his orchards are far apart he has to use 1300 feet nf ex tra pipe Mr. Toor said that lie sold only tho poorest of his sugar to the stores, the besl going to private trade. PI "RE BRED SIRES O. M. Ccmburn of the extension de partment of the unlversUv una ih. speaker and he told of the Importance of pure bred sires. Ho said that al though thero had been a decroase in the number of dairy herds .in this country, tho number is now coming back, due to tho encouragement given by tho high prir of butter and milk and the fact that so many people now realize the value of milk Then, too. manv of the rountrics overseas lost man oi their cattlo and are looking to America for pure bred stock and dairy products. This last demand, however, will decrease as these countries re stock their farms. South America, how ever. Is looking lo the Fnited States tor dairy rattle. In the South the peo ple are taking- up dairying anil they are looking for high quality animals so they will have the right sort of a foundation. "The question Is, are we able to sup ply thivo demands? The consumer is asking for lower prices so that he mav use more dairy products and what aie we. as dairymen, doing about that de mand? We should try to lower the prices so that we will become moro cm elent producers. There are three way to do this. The first Is better feeding the second needing out the animals which are not profitable, and the third is to have hetter sires and thus insure more profitable herds later "One way to tell whether an animal is profitable Is by the row test records Theso show that cows aw divided into three classes, those that aie profitable those that art- not and the average. The tendency sems to be toward the clas which is not profitable, if the herd is left alone. t is true that the more profit able rows eat more, hut their production more than balances this extra cxienso "Now if you use sires of the same kind on these cows with a low production your herd will not Improve, but if you use pure bred slrcri on low producers you will find that you will 6et an Increased production In their daugliteis. and If this svstem Is continually followed up the grodf of the whole h,.rd will Improve "There uio three reasons why mo,, tir In tho business of breeding hotter dalr entile. The first Is that they mav de volop animals that will stand out nnd thus make a lecord tor their breed- the ccond is that they may ralso the stand aid of their own herd, and the third is the man who Is trying to raise grade herds. The cost of tlm teed is about one-half the cost of producing milk o don't ngur.. whether an animal s profit able or not by comparing its produc tion ami the pi ici of its food." .Mr. Cnniburu deploied the fact that of tcntlmes many sires worn sont to tho butcher when theio was no ll)0ru UBv f()I, them on a particular farm and later It was found mat his daughters had a much higher pioductloi, than the dam Ho said that If a map wanted to get tlri of a bull with high production hcthlnd It ho should let the farmers of his commun ity know that they might ,.lm tOKOlICI. to keep that bull In the county and get rid of the less desirable opes, He Pm. phasized the Importance of knowing thn ancestry of the bull and keeping recoids and said that when you get good bulls, keep them In the county or Stale and they will be the making of sonieono's herd NEW IDEAS IN CONci-JNTIlATION. As F A Edward tehmond, who wai to speak on "Co. operation In Ver mont Creameries." wus called awny fiom the meeting, hi" pi'""" was tnken by c. tl Ormsbco of .Montpeller, who was to speak thlH afternoon. His subject was "New Ideas In Concentration" and In, said, In part : "One can heai upon uj H,)OH t)u, ; story that It does not pay to r-andle ma plr sugar, and some me,, have grown to hcllevu tlm'- 1'"K spring a man In Montpeller. iml being lushed with husl-' ness along his own line, went back to tho farm and rontcd a sugar orchard of SOO trees, Tho terms were that the own er furnish troes, team, equipment and standing wood nnd board tho renter and receive one-half the sugar. The renter did all the work, Including tho cutting of tho wood, most of which win green, worked 27 days, Including two Sundays, made 1,460 pounds of sugar and received one-half. Ho reserved 30 pound for his own use and sold tho remainder, tecelv lug $1S4 for 27 days' work. Mr. Orms boc then went on to show that this would otherwise havo been a waste product and that It was combined with labor that did not Interfere In any way with any other farm occupation. "Tho ways and moans of concentration of maple sap while they may not of them selves form the most Important factor In thn economical production of tho hlgh grade maple products, certainly stand very high In tho list of essential fac tors," ho said. He showed a sample of maplo sugar from Canada which was treated in the old way nnd which was very dark. Ho said, however, that Can ada did produce maple sugar that Is equal In every way to that produced In Ver mont nnd that anyone who thought Ver mont made better maple sugar than any other State had the. wrong Idea. What gives Vermont her prestige Is the fact that she produces a grent deal higher j percentage of a high grade product than I any other State, and what gives Canada her unsavory reputntlon Is that a largo percentage of her out-put W a low grade of maple product. ! .Mr. Ormsbee then went on lo show that jtheie were not enough maple trees In I the, world to allow for an overproduction I of maplo sugar. He told how much bct j tcr the sugar was If It were boiled In a : shallow dish, and why. He said that It should be kept, just as shallow In the evaporator as Is consistent with safely nnd It should always be kept at the same temixraluie. It should neve'- be cooled by the admission of much cold iap and never be allowed to become cold or even cool from tho time It enteis the evaporator until It Is drnwn off as syrup. Whero It Is possible and practicable the sodlment should be removed and the sap oncentrated to the density requ'red for sugar at a single operation. Mr. Ormsbee spoke of the importance of keeping the pans bright and clean -o that little sugar will adhere, thus minimizing the amount of caramclizatlon. and keeping the sugar light-colored. He dwelt In length on the proper way to keep a fire, saying it should be kept very hot He said that a tall chimin-) would create a strong suction draft, and that will waste fuel. The pure food law required that maple syrup shall consist of t" per cent of sugar and 33 per cent of water and shall weigh 11 pounds to the gallon. If It Is much heavier portions of It will crystalize or grain and If lighter there will be diffi culty In keeping It in storage. A it is inconvenient to use the scales or the hydrometer lo test hot syrup. Mr, Orms bee suggested uslnp a thermometer, re membering that when the syrup has reached seven degrees more than the thermometer will register nt the boiling of water in that same locality. It Is just right He then described a few of the difficulties which might make even that test Inaccurate, and told how to avoid them. Mr. Ormsbee spoke of substituting coal for wood, telling what changes would have to be made in the Are. He also spoke of concentration hy steam, saying that, although those who have used it are enthusiastic, the cost of the plant which is necessary is prohibitive unless It can be used for other purposo during the remainder of tho year. Another scheme he described was boil ing the sap In a partial vacuum. He. said that this was very good, but in his opinion the evaporator of the near future will be a flat bottomed pan divided by partitions into various compartments and operated by gasoline. In conclusion he told how it would he possible to pro duce a syrup by freezing the water out of the sap and thus produce the. finest possible product. CCERNSEV CADF SALE At the conclusion of the afternoon ses sion, the Ouernscy men had 'ielr bull dlf sale and received ver fair prices for the animals offered. Notwithstanding this they were well pleased for they did not expect at their first calf sale to at tract much attention. Mr. Perry of Barre was the auctioneer at the sale. GUERNSEY BREEDERS Association Hlrcta Officers nnd .singes I'.Tenlnsr Wlln Tuesday was a busy day for tne Ver mont Guernsey Breeders' association, who were holding meetings hero In con nection with the annual meeting of the Vermont Dairymen's association. Their piogram included the regular annual meeting at two o'clock in the afternoon at the Hotel Van Ness, sale of bull calves at the gymnasium at four o'clock and a meeting at the Hotel Van Ness in the evening, at which several speakers addressed the association. This meeting included all dairymen, being the chief meeting of the evening. At the afternoon meeting, officers of the Guernsey Bleeders' association for the year irc'0 were elected as follows President, .Mark II. Moody of Watorhury: vico-presldent, U. A. Woodbury, 2nd, of Rurllngton: secretary and treasurer, John P Ramsey of Charlotte, member of the executive, committee, T. l'ldiield Phillips of Miintpelier, F. H. Farrlngton of Hran don. the retiring president, opened the meeting and gave the address of welcome. As soon as tho election was over, the now president. M. H. Mood. took the chuir. M. T. Phillips of Philadelphia, member of the executive board of the Guernsey Cattle club, was present at the afternoon meeting and spoke briefly. Ho told of the great demand for Guernsey milk in Philadelphia. He said that a great mar kol for home consumption had developed and that Guernsey milk sells there at a premium of three cents a quart to the producer. At this meeting there was some discus sion about the matter of extending tho direct market for Vermont Guernseys, It was loported that six Guernsey heifer pure bred cahes furnished by the breed ers to tho State Boys' club had nil been purchased by Vermont boys, EVENING MEETING There was a good attendance at the evening ineetln held In tho main din ing hall of the Hotel Van Ness at S;00 o'clock At tho opening of tho meeting. C. F. Ernst of Community Service led in a few minutes of singing. Orches tra music was furnished between tho various talks of the evening. Mark H. Moody, newly elocted president of the association, presided. C H. Royce of Cornell University was the first speakor His subject was "The Importance of Hie Ptiro Bred Slro." In some detail, lie took up the matter of breeding, emphasizing the importance of having at tho head of every herd u site which has a pcdlgioe showing its pure breeding. .Mr Royco argued for keeping pure bred sires in the herd longer than they nro usually kept. Ho thinks thoy nro of great uso in tho herd, oven up to the tlmo when they get tc bo eight, nine und 10 years old. He ai.'i advanced arguments In favor oi Inbreeding, though not un qualifiedly, for whllo It undoubtedly helps to Intensify certain good charac teristics. It will also strengthen tho bad traits if carried too far It Is tho opinion of Mr. Royce that too much emphasis has been placed In tho past on getting good cows for breeding purposes and not paying enough attention to the hulls, It ts now beginning to bo understood that tho sire, may transmit n many charac teristics to tho calves as dots tho mother. In nil cases of breeding. It Is necessary to maintain tho same high standards of excellence In caring for the cows and the sires as has been maintained In developing this pure bred stock. Feeding Is tho most Im portant part of getting good cattle and much oare should he given to It. M. P. Phillips, members of the execu tive committee of the State Hoard of Agriculture of Pennsylvania, spoke on "The Guornsey." Ho emphasized tho groat opportunity before the farmors of the present day, Slnco prohibition hus come In, there lias been a great Increase In the domand for dairy pro ducts. Tho Ico cream trade Is greater than cvor before, and tho soda foun tains are reaping a harvest. All kinds of dairy products are becoming un usually popular and the day of the dairyman hns arrived. Professor G. F. E. Story of Worcester, Mass., formerly of tho University of Ver mont, emphasized the Importance of ad vanced registry. It Is not so much the breed of cattle or the pedigree, that counts, If there Is one thing thnt a cow ought to be It Is nproduccr, and If a cow ls a producer, that is enough of a pedi gree. Jt is what tho Individual cow does that counts rather than tho record be hind her. It Is very necessary that ac curate records be kept. If these records are not kept accurately and published, the records of any hreod ate only limited by the Imagination of tho breeder, There Is great merit In attested lecords, through i which grade stock may be Improved. The last speaker of the evening was Mr. Ansrud, field representative of the American Guernsey Cattle club, of Petct boro, N, H who told of the records of the Guernsey cattle In this country during the. last few years, showing that It has surpassed all other breeds In average sale prices, registered pure bred cattle sold, etc. i KEEN POULTRY COMPETITION i .h.dftN Hhtc Difficult 7 In MHktn Amrd nt Wrmont JMMr Show ' St, Albans, Jan. S. The judging at the 'show of the Vermont Stale Poultry as j soclation which opened at the City Hall I Tuesday has been completed by D. B. i Shove. There was keen competition in 'nearly every class, so keen In some In stances that not more than one first prize could be won by any one exhibitor. Tho judge stated that In thn Single Comb Ithode Island Reds he found three pul lets which wer the best he had ever Judged. After much deliberation tho first prize went to Frank W. Sault of this city. The following Is a partial list of the awards: t flight Brahmas All to V. D. I.ashway, Swanton. Slnglo Comb White Leghorns W K. Warner, St. Albans, all singles; Alex ander Ferguson, St. Albans, first pen young. Roso Comb White Leghorns All to William I. Palmer, Granville. N. Y. Single Comb Buff Leghorns All to F. J. Nutting of Brandon. I Single Comb Black Leghorns Alton B. Ashley, Essex Junction, 1st cockerel, 4th I pullet. 2nd pen young. Robert Mooro. St. j Albans, 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet, 1st pen young. . ' Rose Comb Brown Leghorns B. S. Ocke, East Highgate, 1st and 2nd hen, 1st and 2nd pen young, lat pen younir. Matthew E. Shannon, St. Albans. 1st and 3rd cock erel. George A. Buswell, Montpeller, 2nd cockerel, 1st pullet. Single Comb Brown Leghorns B. S. Loek 1st nnd 3rd hen. 1st pen old. George W. Bushwell, 2nd hen. Single Comb Blark Mlnorcae All to C. A. Revolr. Anconas All to Robert Brown, St. Al bans. Single Comb White Orpingtons Robert Moore, 1st cockerel; Marshall Pierce, St. Albanr, 2nd cockerel; I. A. Vincent, Enoa burg Falls, 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet. Slngl Comb Buff Orpingtons O. C. Bartlett, Newport Center, 1st cock, 3rd cockerel, 3rd and 4th pullet. I, A. Vincent, 1st, 2nd and 4th cockerol, 1st, 2nd and 5th pullet, 1st pen young. Single Comb Black Orpingtons All to S. M. llubboll, Enosburg. Mottled Houdans All to A. B. Wheeler. Pit Games Ml to Charles Ixickc, East Highgaic Dark Coinlsh C. L. Curtis, St. Albans, 1st cock, 2nd hen, 2nd cockerel, 2nd pen young. Barred Rocks Cockerel line: E. J. Douglass. Wont Glover, 1st cock. 1st and 2nd hen, Ith and Sth pullet, 1st pen young, 1st pen old. J. G. Gaines, Enosburg Falls, 2nd coek, 3rd hen. I. S. Hubbnll. Laconia, N. H., 3rd cock, 4th hen, 4th cockerel, 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet. Rupert Valley, St Albans, 2nd pen old. C M. Lucas, St Albans, 3rd pen old. Barred Rock Pullet line: E. J, Doug lass, 1st and 2nd hen, 1st cockerel, 1st and 2nd pullet. C N, Frazier. St. Alhans, 2nd cockerel, White Plymouth Rocks Fred J. Rich ard. St. Albans, 1st cock. 1st, 2nd and 3rd hen, Ith and 3th cockerel, 2nd and 5th pullet, 1st, 2nd and 3rd pen .young. Fred Croft. St. Albans, 3rd cockerel, 1st and 4th pullet Otis A. Lackey, Bristol, 1st cockerel. 3rd pullet Partridge Plymouth Rocks C. A. Revolr. all. Columbian Rocks All to Thomas Roach, St. Albans. White Wyandot teBE. O Jones. Gran ville. N. Y , 1st nnd 2nd, cock, 2nd. 3rd and 3th hen, 1st and 3rd cockerel, 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet, 1st pen old, George II, Wood, Montpeller, 3rd cock, 1st hen, 2nd cockeiel, tth pullet, 2nd pen old. Golden Laced Wynndottes H. ,1. Raid- win, St. Albans, 1st, 2nd and 3rd cock ered, 1st and 2nd pullet. Silver l.aced Wyandottes A, 1. Brad ford, St. Albans, 1st cock, 2nd hen, 1st cockerel, lt, 2nd and 3rd pullet, 1st len young. George W. Ruswell, Montpeller, 1st hen, 2nd pen young. Rhode Island Whites All to Charles Hollls, Hooslck Falls, N. Y. Rose Comb Reds All to M. A. Stui le vant of Rrandon, Black Laug-ihans George A. Jamison, -St Albans, 1st cock, 1st cockerel, 1st pen young, A, B. Wheeler, St. Albans, 2nd cock, 1st and 2nd hen. C. H, Revolr, St. A)ban, 2nd cockerel. Dark Cornish C. L. Curtis, St Albans, 1st cock, 2nd hen, 2nd cokerel, 2nd pen joung. H. A. Brush & Son, Milton, 2nd coek, 1st and 3rd hen. 1st, 4th and 3th cokerel, 2nd pullet, 1st pen youns, 1. A. Vincent, 1st and 3rd pullet. White Cornish All to Charles II. Hollls. Rose Comb Black Bantams All to WIN Ham I. Palmer. Rlack Breasted Red Game Bantams All to T. F Donnelly. Buff Cochins Bantams All to J, G. Gaines. Belgian Hates All to E. L. Day. St Albans. Black Siberian Rabbits All to Graydon Major of St. Albans. Silver Camolnes Walter C. Thrall, West Rutland, 1st cock, 1st hen, 2nd cockerol, 1st pullot, 1st pen young. W. G. Handley, St. Albans, 1st cockerel. 2nd pullet. Lackennelver All to B. A. Jones, Lake port, N. V. English Red Caps All to 11. A. Jones. Silver Grey Dorklns All to B. P. Greene, St. Albans. White Faced Rlack Spanish-All" to C. A. Bevolr, Whllo I'ekln Ducks-All to C. N Frazier. Wild Ducks-All to C. h. Curtis Toulooso Geenc V. A. Spatildlng S Albans, 2nd gander, 1st goose Robert Moore, 1st gander, 2nd goose Rronze Turkeys All to Miss Jessie E Webster, Northflelcl. HuIT Wyandotes R. P Gicene, 1st rock 4th nnd Sth hen, 6th cockerel, 1th nnd 6th pullet, 2nd pen old, 3rd nnd Sth pen young Dr. O. X. Eastman, Rurllngton, 2nd cock 3rd hen, 2nd pullet, 2nd pen young, .1 J pansro. North Clniondon, 1st and 2nd hen 1st. 2nd nnd 3rd cockerel, 1st and 3id pullet, 1st pen old, 1st pen young W D Nutting, Brandon, th cockeiel R G Harvey, St Albans, 4th pen .oung EGG BANQUET ENDS SHOW Vermont Poultry Assnr. linn One of Its Mint Siu-re-.fill Eli li 1 1 limn St. Albans, Jan. 3. Th-i 23rd show of th Vermont State Poultry association lnc , which opened at tho City Hall Tuesdav, closed last night, with tho annual egg banquet, after ono of the most kiipi-ai- ! ful exhibitions In the history of tho as I soclation. Many sales were made dutlns the show, and many orders taken for day-old chicks and eggs for hatching Tile American Ruff Wyandotte Cub held Its annual meeting In connection with the show nnd R. P. Greene ot th's city was elected secretary for Vermont Prln. R. C. Kimball of the Swanton Junior high schoo, brought a class of 1J boys to the show for Instruction in the agricultural line. The lecture by Pi of II. A D l.eggett of the Unliorslty of Vermont on the sub ject, "Producing Eggs While. Eggs Are High," dealt particularly with the valuo of the uso of the electric light In ' n henhouse. A. B. Wheeler Is president of the ass rlatlon; R. p, Greene, secretary and "' L. Curtis, treasurer. On Light Brahma Uantams. F N. Sau't of this city won 1st, 2nd nnd Ith cock 2nd and 3rd hen, 1st, 3rd and 3th cock erel, 2, 3rd and 4th pullet, 2nd and 3rd pen young; J. G. Gaines of Enoshuig Falls, 3rd cock, 3th hen, 2nd cockerol, 1st pullet, J. H. P. Mosscy of this city 1st and 4th hen. Ith cockerel; H. J Baldwin of this city, 1st pen young, and H. Per rault of this city, 4th pen young. On Buff Plymouth Rocks the awaul were- F. X Nutting, Brandon, 1st 2nd and 3rd cock, all hens, cockerels, put e a and pens; M. T. Jarvls of St Albans 1' l cock. Mr Nutting won the cup foi the lst display of Buff Plymouth Rocks nnd K J. Douglass ot West Glover, the rup fc, tho best display of Barred Plyi cu n Rocks, cockerel line. Mr. Nutting won a log on the Wirt nore cup. which must he won three yen 3 to become the property of the ho.der This Is the thiid year tho cup hai bwn In competition. I'. W. Sault of tin- c y has held It two years. The points on the Plymouth Rock jp to bo awarded at the. close ot thr 19-1 show are: F. .1. Nutting, fiio on Buff Rocks, E. J Douglass. 123 on cockerel line and 32 on pullet linn. J. G Gaines, 10 points cockerel lino; I. F Hubbr.lt of. Laconia, N. II., 105 cockcrei line. P '. Richard, St. Albans, 1SS White Rock3( T. V. Donnelly, Rurllngton, 101 Barrerit Rocks, cockerol line: Rupsrt Valley. SL Albans, 21 points cockerel lino, C. M, Lucas. St. Albans, IS points, cockerel line; F. M. Croft, St. Albans. 63 Whlt Rocks; Otis A. Lackey. Bristol. 4S point Whito Rooks; Thomas Roach, St' Al bans, 12 points. Columbian Rocks; C. A, Revolr, St. Albans. 21 points, Partridg Rocks. J. J Dansro of North Clarendon woaj the Wyandotte, cup which has boen iir competition threo years. Ont tho Rhode, Island Red cup, whicH Is up for the second year, points are as.1 follows: Single oombs: F. W. Sault. 377; Joseph Cota, St. Albans, 15; C. W. Wil son, Vorgennej. 75; Y. J. Kelloy. Bur lington. 30: V. L. EIrick. BArtnn so, w T. Burbank, St. Albans, 20; M. A Stnrto- vant, Hrandon. 6. On the Leghorn cup. up for the. first year, the points aro: "W. K. 'Warner, st Albans, 71 point; on elngln comb whites; Alexander Ferguson St. Albans, 12. sin gle comb whiten: William I. Palmer. 3fi, rose comb whites: A. B. Anhlnv. ex junction. 30. slnglo comb blacks; Robert Moore. St. Albans. 7H, slnglo comb blacks. B. S. Locke. East. Hlghgat M. roso comb browns; Goorgo W. Buswell, Montpeller, 18, roso comb browns; Mat thew E. Shannon, St. Albans, 27. rosn comb browns; F. J. Nutting, 32, slnglo comb buffs. Other awards were made as follows Barred Plymouth Rocks, cockerel lln: E. J. Douglass, color, nh.-i nn nnrl nnlal on cock, color, shapo . and special on nen; special on pen; Thomas F. Donnel ly, color on cockerel. Whitw Rocks- Otis A. LaRlcr.v. and color on cockerel; F. M. Croft, jdiap, color and special on pullet; F. J. nich ard, special on pen young. Buff Rocks: t . .1. Nuttlnc. than. color and special on cock, shape and spe cial on hen, special on. cockerel, shapo color and special on pullet, special on pens, old and young White Wyandottes: E rv Jnn Granville, N Y color and sporlal on cock, shape and special nn cockerel, shape, color and special on pullet Buff Wyandottes: B. P. Greene, ape clal on cook: J. .1. Dansro, ehaoe, color and snccial cm hAn. shane nnlnr nnH ma rial on cookerel, shape, color and special on pullet and special on pen young hllver l.aced Wyandottes- A. D, Bradford, St. Albans. ahaDo and mtir n cockerel, shape and color on pullet. hinglo comb Rhode Island Reds. V. W. Sault, shapo on cock nnd hen. rnlnr on pullet, special on pons, old nnd young. V. L. EIrick, color on cockerel. Black Langshans: George V ,lml. son, shapo on cock: C. A. Revolr rnW on cockerel Light Rrahmas: E. n. La Swanton, color, shape and special on cockerel and pullet. Single Comb Buff Lerhorns F .T v,,- tlng, shape and color on hen and cockerol. Single Comb Black Mi Revolr. shapo and color on pullet Anconas Robert Brown. shnm mini. and special on hen. Single Comb Black Orpingtons S M. Hubbell. Euosbure. color and color on hen, shape on cockerel White Orplugtons-l. a Vincent shape and color on pullet. Houdans A R. Wheeler, shape oior and special on cockerel and pullet Dark Coinlsh H. A. Brush and ton, Milton, shape op cock and hen, color i cockerel, I. A Vincent, color on pullet White Cornlsh-Charlcs H Hoi; s, Hooslck Falls, N. V.. shapo and color on cock, shape on hen, and color on cockerel. Ruse Coinh Black Bantams Willi:,,,, I Palmer, shape and color on hen and rnri;- erel. Light Biahma Bantams F Sault, shape op cock, J. II. p. M0sec shapo and color on hen; F. W. Sault, color on cockerel, Black Breasted Red Game Bantamf- T. F. Doniiellv. Shann on rant ,.rl n cockerel, shape and color on pullet silver enmpines Walter c Thrall. West Rutland, shapo and color on cook nnd hen. White Faced Black Spanish C A. Ruvnlr. shape ami color on cockerel and pullot. Bronze Turkeys-Miss Jessie E. Webster, Northflelcl. shape and color on old tout and old hen. Fit I. I ! I'llESS WANT AIS PAY BEST