TJIE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS AND TIMES: THURSDAY, MARCH 4, 1920
TIED OP BY WRECK
Derailment of Fourteen Freight
Cars Early Saturday Morning
Blocks Track for Eleven Hours
Through Trains Sent Over
Delaware & Hudson Road
ffourtetn cars were derailed and scv
si of thtnj so badly damaged that they
toulfl not bo used ag&!r. when fnst freight
nun.t'tr 11, from Rutland to Alhurtf,
h-mped tho track at Spring Grove carao
trounJ, about n ratio and a half south
r Nw Haven Jviiictlou. at flvo o'clock
ptturiiJy morning. The car wore filled
Ht!t trait, vegetables, 3Uyr, coal and co
foa I)mhi, and white the furs Woro badly
iiokrn up, very little of the contents
KAM lost. "Whl'o fojr of the cats wcro
catterc-I over the track, tno other ton
Reared the roadbed and landed Ir tho
jleid, fror. .'i''o to J(0 t-y. fiom the, track.
T.'io tick wis lorn tip for a disUnco of
W feel. No or.o v. as hurt.
Ono of the c."is r.-trried a carload of
Vitrigea which vi,r coming to Burlington
ind .1000 of thci'o wro lost. Another col
fled sorao AUrf&r dons ip !.i barrels and
Mss and tboufh the nMcc fan top of tho
far were knocked off, tho sugar rtmnlned
Bi tho car )Mt i !t wiio packed.
Shortly af!r ibe derailment the wreck
ir tar cn the scono and after 11 hours
tl.o tr&cl: cleared, the first train to
!orno In bi.'ng l.'-o l:4r p. m.( which ar
rived In Surllns'.oi) su six o'clock. All pasu
snUgcr trains were detourad over the D &
II. railroad, Iron: Whitehall to House's
I'plnt, wn'.lo tl.o tracks wre being cleared.
These Included tho two north-bound
n.fepcrs which were south of tho score
b'cauc they were mush behind time,
tho noon flyer and the milk train. Tho
train which leaven Burlington at eight
t'clock In tho morning went as far as Uij
(t-rech and transferred passengers, return
ing to Burlington about noon. Passengers
on tho sleepers coning to Burlington catno
up on this train. As tho flyer wa: detour
ecl, a train was made up here at 1:45 and
Boston and New York and other through
passengers were taken down and transfer
red around the wreck. All of the train3
wero late because of the derailment. The
1:3 came in at seven at night, the Bos
ton mall train came in at 6:43 and the
flyer, due here at G:33 was two and one
half hours late.
Jamra llorlry n1 Jnxrph nouchnrd
Ct Six nnd Three Monthn, Respectively
.Tames Hurley of Bennington, who mas
queraded In tho uniform of a United
States naval oftlcer, was sentenced to six
months In the Chittenden county Jail i
XJtursday by .ludge H. B. Howo follow-
trig his plea of guilty. Hurley committed I
other offences, such as cashing uau
;hecks, but his sentence has only to do
With wearing the uniform unlawfully.
Hurley came to Burlington about 'the
Ftourth of July last summer and passed
is a naval officer. Ho purchased while
here a duck suit of the B. Turk & Brother
Company and gavo them a bad check on
the First National Bank of Bennington.
He also bought some goods of the Ksssex
Manufacturing company and gavo therii
bad check for $1". Then he left the,
city. Ho cashed more bad checks at Mont
poller, Walllngford, Providence. Ti. I..
Bouth Norwalk and New Haven, Conn.
Guy Itcevcs of tho bureau of Investiga
tion got on Hurley's trail and finally
located him In Bennington where, he. had
been living with his mother who works
In a factory there. Hurley ls "i years
Sf ago and has a wife and child. "What his
Shject was ln masquerading he did not
reveal. He appaered in a very repentcnt
mood when In court.
Joseph Bouchard of Quebec wns ln
court, charged with making falto re
ports to the Immigration otilcern In
emdoavoring to get Into tho United States,
pleaded guilty to the charge before Judge
Bowe Thursday afternoon and was sen
tenced to three months In Jail. Bouchard
had letters of recommendation from
pretty nearly every olllclal in his homo
town, testifying to the excollnncn of his
character. He tried to get Into tho coun
try last December under his own name
and this month tried again under an
BE3Umcd name, when ho was dotectcd.
ANYTHING BUT FARMING
Canadian Kood IroduerrM Tlreomc Food
CmuDmeni or. KnterioiC United Stnten
";That less thai, two per cent of the
Canadians who come Into this country
from tho rural districts of Canada come
hero to work on or buy farms is tho
llatement of James Ford, Inspector In
tharge of the Newport Immigration sta
tion. Mr. Ford sayH that a careful esti
mate of the number of persons passing
through his station in 1810 was 212.2.
Of this number about 2.",W0 were aliens
tvlio camo to mako their permanent homes
here or for a visit. Approximately D00 wero
ordered deported during thn year. About
one-half of the 2.1,000 came here to reside
aiul other half for a short stay.
Fully a quarter of tho 23,000, or nne
hnlf of those who cmnu hero to reside,
Kent to the mill villages. Tho only work
they knew was fnrmlng but they had
heard of the large wnges paid in thu towns
tor oven unskilled labor, and camo to Xcw
England with tho intention of learning to
Keave or spin and mako tho big money
that their relatives wero making. The re
sult Is a big drain on tho farming popula
tion ot Quebec and neighboring provinces.
Many of tho Immigrants take up other
Jbics of work In the towns and tho num
ber who go on to farms !s insignificant.
"CSowpor. station now locks over more
biimlerran'ui than any station east c
Buffalo on ths Canadian bolder. Nine
biff trains enter tho United litato daily
Uiero, ar.d tho largo amount of work
Be'ssltate3 tho continual IttliLg of a sje.
Clbi board of inquiry. The result lc shown
lit the SOU deportatlono ordered. N'owport
to tho gatftway from Cansda to Now Eng
linJ. All tho Immigrants from Now
BiunswUk. Nova Scotia nnd Qii3hjii come
ti througli that plaoc, co wel! as a largo
Wimbcr from tho West who coino Knal
purr the Canadian Pacific.
'fho most Important part of Mr. Ford's
otisarvatlon Is that what ought to li- a
food-pr.iduclug population, coming from
tto country. tnniforrrj ltIf directly
Into a consuming luhi'.lon as roon as
It touches tr.is country. Except In times
Of unusual Industrial activity, th'e
population clsgs up th rvurcrowded mill
etntora with unslrlL'cd labor.
iktm ot Them Occupied (ilten of What
Arc rSotv Great Cltleo
'Vh Indian Villages east of tho Mtsa
iMiDpl, ns described nnd pictured by
rttl' obacrvoin, are brurht together by
V: I. Bunhnoll, Jr., In Bulletin Sir, Just
ttyuod by tho bureau ot Ainnrieon eth
nology, Smithsonian Institution, t'omo ot
ihcao ancient villages pictured In th'j but
!etn occupied tho very oitca ct what an
now great cttlco, among them Now York,
Richmond, find Moptri-ul.
iio opens his article with a preface In
rltlch hu points nut that "Considering tho
present condition of Eastern United
Btaies, with Its great population and
wealth, its many cities, wtdo fields and
orchards, alt connoctcd by a network of
many thousands of miles of railways, It
Is dlfllcult (to visualize tho samo region
ns It was a short time ago a vast wilder
ness covered by virgin forests, with
scattered camps and villages of native
tribes standing near tho water courses,
crossed hv narrow trails which often led
for long distances over mountain, plain
and valley. Such wiu tho nature of tho
country traversed by tho Spaniards dur
ing thr years 1639 iind 1M0, colonized by
tl.o r.nrllsh In 1607 and 162C and explored
br tho French In 1G73."
Th types of these Indian habitations
aro shown In this publication ns
described by thono who saw them at tho
clone of the 16th and during subsequent
centuries Tnese houses rolled the en
vironment In wnir.-h t.iilr builders lived
und the social conditions of tho In
habitants. A copy of a plciuro of an anrlo.it
Mohican vllla?e which appear on a verv
raro map, evidently engraved hetweo t
the yearn 1631 ar.d 1G35, represents Now
iiiiiau-iuum. inisisconnKiereuioni-.ini- instlc wln'or carnival of Vermont was Parusnn organizations. Miss Henna lrisn,
seoond map ever made of what Is now utageil. wltn tlio Outing club of tho unl- President of tho club nnd toastmistrcss
Now York city. Tho cabins of Indians verslty, th doartittent of athletics of fo' tho luncheon, also defended the
whtoli formerly stood on tho alto of tho university, tho Green Mountain club 'pairuo, and tho women enthusiastically
Richmond, Vn., aro shown In one plte. '.ind th.i officials of tho city co-operating supported the two womon, giving Mr.
Thi3 site Is now covered with inodeni to mnku tho affair a succumb. And thlr Livingston polite applauso at the close
wartlumtos. A picture Is gl ve,n of tho effons met with oven greater success Wti speech.
former Indian village on the alto where than had bcon hoped for. The carnival "Acting Mayor I.n Ouardla spoko In
Montreal stands. Wo have no picture or , attracted much favorable attention Irom P"JIbo of Miss Oolllei's work In his
description of nome of the Indlnn vll-1 uvery quarter that there seems to be no campaign, saying: 'Miss Collier stands
lages wheso site Is now occupied by a ovont here, with high schools from all fof principle and that Is why we stand
large rlty; thus the (Shawnee established doubt but tfmt It vlll beconio an annual for Miss Colllor.' He also spoke against
a ,mt town on the banks of the Cum- over tho Statu participating. tho repeal of tho dlioct prlmnry law,
borland, the alio now cohered by the cltyj Such nhort notice was given to the high 1 1 whllo Commissioner Livingston spoke
of Nashville, Tonncfiseo. All trace of the schools of Vermone this year that few of asalnr.t even a modification of It. This
Indian settlement long ago disappeared, them had time to pruparo for such a meet, the women applauded vigorously.
This tvllbtln Is particularly valuable In nut t!ley WM bo gl-.en sufficient time in I " 'I have found Miss Collier palnstak
he light it throws on prehistoric bulfl turo. an; they will know that thin car- j lng, punctual, effectual and untiring,' said
Ir.ca In thi. ,iinn rnnnideretl. Innnniuch n,vn' ls coming at this tlmo. so that It Is Commissioner Llvlnirston. 'She and I do
as iitbitat.io.i!! constructed by thu varlo-js
Infilan tribes express their degree of cul- ber ot schools entered ntm ymr. A3 It
ture. Although tho ai: of tho buildings wns' ,fur ,of J"0 local schools, Burling
hn ,.iii .ii.. -.r, ton high school, the Cathedral hlirh school.
still h0 recognized. This bulletin will ho
followed by others on Indian village,
village sites and buildlngj in othsr aioas
of North America.
'VT? . iiT7T r-Mwr'nr'vnr
I ri..l. UnK.ut T.. ... - a . I
...... v,.w. .a..Uc...r. ... .,,u win m uio uanmoutn Women must go into tho primaries and
Uorllnnton Xvxt Vcek I"100- tne cvl.cge snowshoo and sk! ar- I wm lf Bho can independence outside of
High school tcacUr. fror.. all over Vcr- . A0e?ltftLln-tha "nCS neVor succeshful- You
wont will come to Burlington to attend LL. Ll.TuJ" LmUl.inl l:a" "cvor bring about reforms by non-
Uio-K wcok Friday and Saturday. March IV .T" '. ' . u "'n,. 1 ,art,s'' organizations.'
112 and 12, the 33th annual conference nf " 'm 1 h " Z Z u , "."J! Mi?? Co," making
, tho achoois of Vermont with tho Stato f;r.,n v'n,mi,in ii. u... ' . ...'.. L. . 1 i Mr- wvingston said, In part
I University. Tho meetings will bn held in r -,,t!v5 a Tr miiU Jun '.X 1 u :,ner LlBaton nnd I are
.tho Williams Science hall. Tho subject of ,mB to nllrIintnn ,rnm '.', 'U ns end. the good of o
tho conference will be "The Teacher's ...,. . .... . .,... me party la one of the great
Daily Work." Arnonir the ppcakcrs will 3-.jS
be Commissioner Payson Smith of Mas- , offclals (ook t lntcrest ln
sachusetts. Dr. James Smyth of Mont- tlu, -cnPnlvnI. tho following men of prom
rSall..?t?n. of .the th?0,oB'cal collf,Kf .of Inencc In tho city assisting as Judges:
Mcuin university, ana proressors anu in-
structors at the Vnlverslty of Vermont.
besides a number of hicrh school nrlncl-
, . . , . " . , , ,
besides a number of high school prlncl-
pals and teachers. Professor J. F. Mes- I
, , . ' r w .
pals and teachers. Professor J. F. Mes- I
scnger of the University of Vermont Is , ehalrmnn ot 'tno !lthletc committco of ' nff,on a minimum wage bill, and you saw
ln charge of tho arrangements for the , tho university of Vermont; referee, James back of them a non-partisan body of
conference. p Xaylor; announcer, K. Douglas Mc- 1 women standing for principle and not In
In conferences of past years, the sub- Swcenev. cIcrk ot tho course E p Crane llvlauals-. The trouble Is there aro not
Jects have dealt with problems of admin- w p j,:,imumls athletic director at tho' eno"Bh women who think for themselves,
istratlon. This year, it Is proposed to con- Untvers,tv had BCneraI ch rne of tho I "We havo two dangers to faco: Uadi
slder the real fundamental rk"f "' arrangements for the carnival and super- casm and re-actlonarles. We must swamp
school, that of giving the mbst effectlvo ,,.,,, ,, " ,tho re-actlonarlea with nroirreHKlvo rtne.
Instruction to the pupils. Teachers are j
Invited to come and bring their problems
Tho program Is as follows:
0:30 a. m. "Getting tho Spirit of Study
Into tho School," Principal J. S. Klngsley,
"Tho Teacher's Preparation in Subject
Matters." Professor J. W. Sprowls, Uni
versity of Vermont.
"The Teacher's Professional Prepara
tion," Commissioner Payson Smith, Bos
ton. 12:30 p. m. Tho University invites non
resident teachers to a luncheon ln the
2:00 p. m.-"The Teacher's Difficulties,"
Mlsa Marv K. nresmeham. Proetor; Mrs.
jt.tM . ... ,,1.. l....l1 Tl n I 1 u
V n "h, ,h 1,
.1 ! V, " ,hr "n,"!lRilln'), nr. James,
nmvth. iIontreol. 1
S:lo p. m. Meeting of the Head Masters'
olub In the Williams Science, hall.
S:00 p. 111. Banquet nf the School Mas
ters' club (phicc to bo announced).
3:00 a. m. 11. O. Hutchinson, Statu
?- ry .fIl1,D,c1mt,I,l,.rllnBJon: l'rlncl,al nvo third place- StVailchacr 1 won the or- T" women applauded loudly. some
Kenneth Sheldon, Proctors Superintendent " -J'. times breaking Into cheers at overv men-
b. C. Hutchinson. Montpeller. hnzton hlh .sehnnl. Ilassott and Platka Hn of Miss Collier's work, 'principle bo-
suiiervlsor o Junior high schools, wishes tween classes In this meet, the men going chief Interest in politics Is In connection
to meet the principals of all Junior and " to win Individually, but It may bo with welfare bllls.-securlng better llv-Junior-scnlor
high schooN in tho large noted that, counting first placo as five lng conditions for working women and
ledum room of tho AVilllums .Science
Teachers of Agriculture, Kenneth Shel
Committee reports and discussion.
Teachers of Home Economics, Miss
Pearl Grandy, chairman.
Committee reports and discusplon.
Teachers of Mathematics, Prof. Elijah
Teacheru of Latin, I'rof. M. B. Ogle,
FOR U. V. M. TRUSTEE
.VonlliuitlnKT Commit lop l'rcBrntN .N'nmcH
for Conxldrrntlon nf Alumni
The nominating committee ot tho Uni
versity 01 Vermont .1umn1 association, ,
consisting or w . u. Mono, Jt. Sattlcy,
1. 1 . iiiwras, v. u. jMiriiupn, tno ill. hcv.
it. 1. bush una Judge .1. It. Mucntnber, 1
havo selected, by vote among themselves, 1
the names of three graduates of tho Uni
versity, from whom the alumni will bo in
vited to choose a candldiitc for thy posi
tion on tlio board of trustees In placo of
Dr. John B. Wheeler of this city, whoso
term expires this. year. Within a short
tlmo a blank ballot will bo tent to thos-
eligible to' vote and tho result of tho t
balloting will bo announced at tho annual
mentlnr of the Alllmnl nnMiirl.nMnn nirl '
June. It Is then up to the hoard of trustees third; ski obstacle, St. Cyr, 23, first; Lord,
to tako llnal action, but tho choice of'2l, second; Bnssow M '21, third. Snow
tho alumni has novcr yot been turned shoo obstacle, L. H, Rand, '22, flist, Way,
down by the board. '22, second; Schmidt, '2L third. Ski cross.
Thi candidates are, In alphabetical order, i country, St Cyr, 'a, first; Basoow, M. '21,
Dr. D. C. Hawley, '7s, of this city, George
H. Lane, 'S3, cf Minneapolis, Minn., and
Cnarlcs W, Waterman. 'SS, of Denver,
Tini first AimmoniLH ix tiik
What Is said to bo tho first automobile
!n tho world was discovered by tho of
fleers of tho A. E. F. near Lo Mans.
France, , In the magnificent stables of
tho estate ot th Matquls do 3roc. Tho
uuthantlc record nf thin self-propelled
road-car Is that It was built (at enormous
expnBo) in 1878. It was used on long
toad trips nnd had a snocd of obnif 28
miles an hour; but tho Marquis stopped
using It, as It frightened tho neighbor's
horvs! The car was discovered by olll-
cers who wcro invited to tho castlo by
the Marnuls. It ?omwhnt rpnumhlnn n
stagecoach In de:ti;n having n i,mrt-fui
engine Ir. the frnt and a chimney In
the rear. It was propolled by steam,
much nf, our stcfim-rollors aro to-day.
The hmall wlto railing at tho top waa In-
tended to I old baggage, while traveling;
and It Is evident that tho car was fitted
up with every 'jonvonlanre which could
be -.entrived at the time. Tho car Is now
.stored In the Mr.rquls's garage. Here
ward Carr!:igton. ln Leslie's.
Montpeller, Fb, 27. S. D. natc3 will
commenco hit road meetings In tho
several counties in tho Stnto in Ben
nington, March 23, whllo John Avery,
tax commissioner, will cnminonco his
listers' meotlnss In Newport March U.
Intcrscholastic Carnival Staged
There on Saturday, With StU-
, . ,
dents from the College, Local
and Wlnooski High Schools
and st. Michael's, Contesting
Fully 500 people on Prospect street and
University placo Saturday afternoon
watched tho front caripus of tho Unl-
vnrnlii. nf Vormnnt w .. i
ground. There tho first annual Intnrsciiu.
cxpfccted that thero will lie a l.arso num
""""" '"kii ana i. -vucnaji u entered i
mun lR Prac'eilly a.l of the Junior events,
atl.1,1 v"3',, sl'W" that thcr Is some ox- (
relent material In theao schools for de-
iVC,oplml craolc teams of unoshoo and j
i ,f . vlcln!t;
Headed by the crack University cf Vcr-
........ i"j.i "l it" uiuuKnt iiuuur i
wlin Iin. firinivn nnn ctflnt-oliin u 1.11 1 if n
rnvor , Hnlm tM,ann r.,if f t.
'ce Pntr,ck 1;usS(. 'A 'j. CannIng, T.
c . !... . ... . .
lieu i iiiricK j, iiusseii, s
g Dea an(, Frp(, LaJ,
.,.. ot..- c
a. jju.m aim rreu janiK. umcr omciais i
........ ctnr,- ,,,- T nnnn,. '
,( waR )(ea, weat'he; for ft meot of tnla 1
naturo, being cold enough to be exhllarat-
lng for the contestants, and yet not so
cold but that tho spectators enjoyed them-
selves. Thero was a good crust on tho
iioiv, making traveling excellent on both
skis and snowshoes. This bolng the first
meet of the kind to be held In Burling-
ton, no records were kept of th time.
It being considered as a sort of practice
meet, but It was tho opinion of the Judges
that some very good time waa made, cs-
pecially in tho senior events.
Tn tho Junior events, Bunmgton high
school hud hn largest nnmhpr nf mn
! entered and took tho great majority of
"" 'T: " iiiur seconua
Inr''0 mirus. j no uainourai nign
. ,1... i.t . 1- 1 .
"IIU l-'OI llli-rtfl- IIIUIVIHIIUI liUllll WillllLTd
f"r Burlington high school, whllo Robin-
am dJ fQr ,
......... . 1
uaiiicorai nign scnooi.
St. Cyr, '23, was high point man ln tho I
i-enlor events taking threo firsts, whllo
Wa'.kor '21, was a close second, with two
firsts. Edlund, '22, Schmidt, '21 nnd Bas-
how, M. '21, were consistent point gainers,
There wan no verv dnftnltn contest he-
points, scconu p;:ico as uireu points, unci
third pluco as one point, tho class or 1D21
took tho greatest number of points, 24 ln
all, whllo the other classes finished as fol
lows: 1923, 15 points: 1022, 12 points; and
1020. eight points.
Tho moat interesting event of tho pro-
'.cram wns tho skl-Jorlng. in which there
DniAni s.,i.r eiot n.. ciud cave irrcciinK3 10 inn iruesr or non.
were entered ten contestants, with horses sh against tho director general of rall
nml riders, requiring five preliminary roads brought In a verdict of $3,000 Thura
heats. to semi-finals nnd a final. In tho day after being out nearly six hours,
final heat, W. M. Goldsmith, U. won from Tho Jury camo In onco and then reported
A. H. Miller of the Green Mountain club. a disagreement but waa sent back by
Sexeral of theso races were hotly con- tho court.
tested, requiring skilled horsemanship as , Kngllsh was Injured at Royalton and
well as more than ordinary ability to according to tho testimony Introduced by
travel on skis. Walker, '21, had hard luck his lawyers, had suffered ever since as
with his animal, which proved to havo un- ' the result of his nerves. Ho also received
friendly heels. No serious damage was numerous cuts and bruises about his body,
done, except that the time lost in using Ho BOt off tho train at Wlnooski because
1 nose noeis at tne beginning ot tno race
ost tho events for Walker.
There were some decidedly humorous
scenes slimed In the obstacle races, es
pecially when the contestants attempted
to roll over with skis on. McAllister, th
camera man, was on hnn". with a mov
ing picture machine, and got some, of the
choice views, which will be offered to
filmland and may bo i;ecn hero later In
tho Pathe weekly.
Tho events, with their winners, wrs an
follows. Senior events: Ski da.h, St. Cyr,
"II, first; Edlund, '22, second: Golds-nlth,
'20, third. SmwshoH dish, Walker. '21.
first! Rohmlrlt. '71. unnnil! Kn.iliiHlnr '2t.
second; Edlund, '22, tWd bnowinoe cross.
country Walker, '21. first, Schmidt, '21,
C,0,,ul.iuSUl!,"nB' '3JMTr s,:,-J"rlnfT'
Goldsmith, '20, first; Miller, Green Moun-
c,"b' Bo:n",' n,cvJLT,Ll
horso for Goldsmith, white Dr. G. E.
j'artrldg" rono aw or 8 nnrsc. ruur soraes
were loaned from Fort Ethan Allen for
High school events:
Ski dash. Hill,
H. H 8., flr-t; Whitney, B. II. S., second;
O'Brien, C. II. S Ihlrd Snowshoo dash,
Hneeclt, B, H. a., first; Plalka, u. It. .,
records Burns, t. 11. "., third. Ski ob-
htaclo, Robinson, C. H .S.. first; Howe,
H. H. 5 second; no third man to finish,
Snor.-slioc nbstaelo, rlalka, B- H. S., first;
Bums, C. H. S., second: H)wc, P.. H. S.,
third, fjkl crops-country. Elevens, B H.
S., flr.it; lloblnhon, O. il S., second;
Marvin, B II. S., third. Snowshoo cross-
country. Bnsselt. B. H. S.. first: Hall, B,
H. S. second: Pollard. B. H. S,, third.
Tho ski reluy rac between Burlington
and Wlnooski high sihools and St. Ml
chnel's wns hard fought throughout. Each
team was In tho lead at some time dur-
lng tho race. On the nome stretch, Bur-
llnyton high schools nnd Si. Michael s
were fighting cloaoly for the first place,
i the St. Mlchnors man crossing m
ahead of his opponent uy incncs. wmuu
ski had to bo satlbfled with third place,
though putting up a good race. Tho St.
Michael's team was composed of C.
O'Clalr, Fleming, McCuo nnd M. Walsh.
Practically an oi mo rui-en wno num
on tlio rroni Rumpus, m iuu uintoipiij. iuu
sonlor cross-country ski raco had a course
which started and finished on the front
campus, tho course extending across tho
back rainpus, around Converse ball and
return by tho same route, Tho other cross
country races took a shorter routo, start
ing from a point on tho front campus
nearly opposite tho Billings library nnd
extending south to the Lafayotto monu
ment and return.
M,M E"teth niwneii coiner cam-
plonn League of Women Voter
"Although lOO loyot and enthusiastic
womon supporters of Miss Elizabeth
Brownctl Collier, vice-chairman of tho
republican county committee, cheered her
,0 tn ocho at tho testimonial luncheon
tendered her "ostcrday aftornoon by the
I1;1" A-u women's Republican ciuo. a,
I ArmA bull cat,,, &.,.-.,.. Tlmnlttvn
Eagle, "tho occasion marked a lively tilt
bctwocen Miss Collier and Commissioner
Livingston on the wisdom of non-partisan
organization, particularly tho League of
Women Voters. The commissioner camo
Oil t flat-footed nealtist the league, and
M,5S Co'-'er as stronely defended non-
not nlwnys agree oplltlcally. "We had a
heated discussion Just now, and I am not
yet converted to the Lcaguo of Women
Votors. I can see no consistency In
partisanship and non-part!sanshlr at the
same time, and it their objects are as
stated they aro not doing tho Republican
party any good. If the women sit back
and tako what the men give them,
politically. It in their own fault. Leaders
cannot bo made by legislation. It ls a
mistake to fcexuallze any political party
her reply to
forces. To make the Republican paty
we must got tho best peoplo and keop
them actively working. I felt a strange
sort of confusion when I saw on each
faco before mo n speech you wanted to
ke jn reply to some of tho things
iou thought of n rlemoeratlf! mv,
. , . .7 "
and tho Bon of a great republican agreO'
trlnes, but wo can do little against radl-
l',"bm' B" greater danger Is the mob
n rlt ,n Politics. I moan that spirit that
tlrlvcs a" tho peoplo to think tho same
uay suddenly. U Is a mob of sllk-petti-
coat(,d. well-groomed people who want
t0 c"nR together to vote on the winning
Kllle- Teach them to think, mako them a
,,:lrt of tho Prty. It Is dangerous for a
iartJ' - cay a wcak candidate. Party
''alty Is to think early what 13 good for
tho Party. Wo must save flie party from
1 ' Lowl8 Pounds and Mrs. Walter A.
Damrosch spoko In praise of Miss Col-
llf-r aml her work for he county. After
- - V"-" T ..V.
fnro niirtv' thft fllrnnf nrimnrr lrnllrnt
' I -.. ......
allusions to the Wadsworth fight, re-ac-
tioarles and a League of Nations."
3t'as Collier Is a niece, of C. W. Brown-
ell of this city nnd S. A. Browncll of Es-
w Junction. Sho was a student at the
University of Vermont and Is a member
"f the Kappa Alpha Theta bororlty.
Though she is a staunch republican, her
VERDICT FOR ENGLISH
Jury ln United Stale Court Flnda
Railroad Itettponalblc for Accident
Tho Jury ln tho suit of John T. Ene-
ho was In such pain and wont to Dr. A. S.
C. Hill, where he was relieved somewhat,
and then proceeded as far as Bennington,
where ho was In such a condition that ho
had to stay thero two weeks. In the coach,
which rolled down an embankment with
Mm, wero 30 other passengers and a num-be-
of cases aro pending ln United Statss
court as a result.
Fngland had J. C. Jones and Raymond
Tralnor tm attorneys and Attorneys Red
mond and McFeetors appeared fo.- tho
niJIJ CIIOHS FINATfOCS
The report of tho treasurer of the Bur
lington branch of tho Chittenden County
Chapter of tho American Red Cross for
Balance on hand Feb 1, 1930 9,K&."9
! "" aorvl"ce VoaVe-.uVnsd'.".'.:. 15,
iiHome servlco I Rl.5.1
Balance on hand Fob. 2S. 1020 $ 9, -130.31
MAUD F. ENGLESBY, Treas.
d. s. c. for i,ko noni:v
Leo J. Dorey, son of Mrs. Peter W.
Dorey of St. Louis street, received
Thursday n Distinguished Pen-Ice Cross
for extraordinary heroism In action near
Bols De St. Remy, France, on September
12, 10J8. The citation reads as follows: Leo
J. Dorey, army iicrlnl C8183, first class
private, Company V, 103rd Infantry. Var
extraordinary hernlhm In action near Bols
no ui. norny, France, September 12, U15.
inrougnout a period of extreme spoiling
and unusually heavy machine gun fire,
Private Doroy volunteered and carried
messages repeatedly from his platoon to
Iili. company , commander. He conveyed
, imormnuon which resulted In the rnpturo
of two officers and 22 men of the onemy.
For the Land's Sake Uf.o Howkcr's
Fertilizers. They enrich tho earth and
uioso who till U.-Adv. -".i,e,o,
LOCAL WINNERS IN
PRIZE ESSAY CONTEST
Names of Burlington Scholars
Who Best Show the Benefits
of an Enlistment in the
United States Army Prizes
to Be Awarded Later
Local winners ln the army enlistment
prlzo essay contest, ln which the pupils
In the various schools of the city wrote
essays on February 20, havo been solcctcd
In each school by the Judges, who wero
appolntned In each school by tho principal
of that school. Although orders from tho
headquarters of this recruiting district
at Albany first came that the winners
of prizes In this contest should not bo an
nounced locally until April 19, when the
winners of the national contest are. an
nounced, this order has 'since been
rescinded and tho local recruiting station
has received the following order from
headquarters at Albany
Army Recruiting Officer,
Tou are authorized to announce win
ners of local prizes for essays at such
times as you think may best meot with
local approval. Get full publicity for each
prize essay nnd winners. Keep copies of
csrnys for newspapors lf necessary.
Colonel, R. O.
In compliance with this order, It was
decided to make tho announcements of
local winners at once, since tho Judges
had completed tholr work. Tho prizes,
which aro to be given by the Burlington
Chamber of Commerce, cannot bo awarded,
according to present rulings, until May 5,
the date sot by the government, which
has the contest in charge.
In deciding upon the winning essays,
tho rules wore that tho Judges should take
Into consideration: (1) Originality, (2)
expression, and (3) sincerity. The winning
essay In each school will be sent to the
r.eadquartors of tho recruiting district at
Albany where a board of Judges will
eliminate all but ono for this district,
which will be sent on to Washington to
compote In tho final contest for the na
tional prizes, In which Secretary of War
Newton D. Baker, General Peyton C.
March and Genernl John J. Pershing will
be tho Judges.
Tho prize winners ln this contest, tho
subject being "What Are the Benefits of
an Enlistment In the United States
Army?" aro as follows, with the Judges
In each school:
Edmunds High School George I. Hagar.
Judges: Mrs. M. D. Chittenden and J. E.
Cathedral High School Hazel M. Ryan.
Judges: Rev. F. A. Welch and Rev. P. A.
1 Cathedral Grammar School Thelma
Browe. Judges: Sister M. Elizabeth and
Rev. W. H. Cassldy.
Junior High School Elizabeth Mlldon.
Judges: Edward F. Crano, Rev. J. S.
Brakcr and Walter B. Gates.
Nazareth School Arthur Polssant.
Judges: Arthur St. Pierre, Miss Fleming
and Miss M. DesHaycs.
Ira Allon School Alice Broadbent.
Judges: Dr. H. F. Perkins, Capt. Paul
Hulburt and Prof. G, P. Burns.
Adams School Gortrude Parks. Judges:
Mrs. Clarence P. Cowles, Mrs. W. B.
Howo and Mrs. H. S. Peck.
Pomeroy School Ruth Houghton.
Judges: Professor Aiken, Professor Tup
por and W. H. Crockett.
H. O. Wheeler School Samuel Rathman.
Judges: Levi P. Smith, A. J. filmays and
George A gel.
Converse School Lois Bashaw. Judges:
Oeorgo D. Smith, Mrs. E. B. Bailey and
Miss Senal King.
Mt. St. Mary Academy Agnes Mulligan.
Judges: Mother Mary Alphonsus, Superior
Sister Mary Teresa and Miss Martha
Bishop Hopkins Hall Isabellc H. Chap
man. Judges: Alice Goddard Waldo, Lucy
A. Barbour and Mary E. Prentiss.
Chainplaln School Charles Brown.
Judges: MIrs Thompson, Miss Parker and
Lawrence Barnes School Samuel Davis.
Judges: Dr. G. E. Latour, A. M. Aseltlne
and J. P. Mlirphy.
Thayer School Rollln Grey. Judges:
Charles C. Cross, M. W. Preston and C.
American Klrwt Factory Irtiduced Them
Were Uiicd In 4000 n. C.
Bottles, at some time or other, play an
Important role In tho lives of most peo
ple. It frequently happens that a bottle
Is tho first object seen and clutched by
wee babies. Medicine bottles, standing
on a little table, aro often the last objects
seen by peoplo before embarking on tnelr
Between tho milk bottle and tho medi
cine bottle there are sometimes a wide
range of bottles both bb to sizo and con
tents. In an absorbing romance of American
business. It is an Interesting fact that
tho first industrial enterprise started on
the Xorth American continent was for
the purpose of manufacturing glass t
tles.Thln factory won erected at James
town, Virginia, In tho yenr MWI. It was
operated by some glassblowers who wero
among the early colonlstu who fettled In
tho OH Dominion.
During the present turbulent recon
struction era. whon much ls bclng"sald
and written about American mnnu
faiturers going after foreign export
trade, It In of morj than passing Interest
to recall that the products of that little
Jamestown bottle ractory were the first
articles ever xpored from North Amer
ica. But Just when this Now World industry
was getting nicely under way, along
came tho famous Virginia tobacco boom,
which soon became so popular that tho
gladsblowlng element of Uio colonists
decided they preferred hoeing and smok
ing to blowing,
It was not long thereafter, however,
.that the Indians ln and nround Virginia
made It known that they much preferred
glass beads to bottles, beef, brandy or
tobacco. Whereupon some of the pro
gressive and far-seeing Jamestown live
wires Induced some Italian glass workers
to cross tho ocean and convert tho old
bottle factory Into a -bead plant
A few years Inter somo promoters
started a bottle factory at Salem, Mass
achusetts. Tho town olllclals of that
period were evidently a hustling aggrega
tion on tho lookout for tho development
of their town. Thoy Immediately boosted
the new Indsutry by voting It a loan of
thirty pounds. Tho factory was not a
success, and Salem is Mill whistling for
its thirty pounds. y
During the tlmo the Dutch were run
nlng things on Manhttan Island, a bottle
factory was built near Hanover Square.
In 1751, a Dutch gentleman named Bam
lsr built glassworks In Brooklyn. The
first bottle blown by him bearing the
name and date, is now In the collection
of tho Long Island Historical society.
aiassboro, N, J., waa founded by a
colony of Qermnn glassmakers In 1773.
Hut it wan not until Ibe cloco of tho
Revolutionary War that . slass making
becanin h p"i iiiaiieiit Industry In America.
In ,S7 tho Massachusetts Legiuluturo
gavo n TloH.on glass company un exclu-
alve franchise to mako glass In that
Stnto for IB years. It turned out to be tho
first successful glass making plant In tho
United States. It Is reasonably possible
that this was tho first franchise over
granted by a legislative body.
Glass bottles wore first mado at Pitts
burgh, Pennsylvania, In 1706, and that
city Is still an Important glass making
Thero are now a to(al of 34S glass manu
facturing establishments In this country.
The aggregate capital Invested In these
Industries Is $163,000,000. Tho value of tho
total annual output Is $200,000,000 at the
factories, To operate these great plants
requires the services of 80,000 operatives.
More than seventy per cent, of the glass
manufactured In this country Is mado In
the four States of Pennsylvania, Ohio,
Indiana and West Virginia.
People first commonced using bottles
four thousand years beforo tho birth of
Christ. Tho first bottles montloned ln
history wero mado of the skins of
animals, mostly goats. Those are tho
kind of battles to which referenco Is mado
In tho Holy Scriptures. Strango to say,
skin bottles aro used to this day In South
ern Europe for carrying water and wine.
Certain Asiatic and African tribes also
' still use skin bottles for the transporta-
tlon of water. Many Italian peasants of
tho present generation uso dried gourds
Tho ancient Egyptians were noted for
tlio exquisite workmanship and design of
tho bottlos which they wrought from
gold, Ivory, stone and alabaatvr.
TOOL HOUSE BURNS
Neighbors Discover Blare nt Ciorhnm
I! rot hem Fnrm I.okji Over S1.SOO
Middlebury, Fob. 2C A tool house con
taining now machinery and farm tools
was completely destroyed and many
other farm buildings were threatened
when fire broke out In tho tool house on
the Oorham Brothers' farms now occupied
by Mr. and Mrs. Charles Payment at threo
o'clock this afternoon.
Tho fnrm Is About two and one-hnlf
miles north of Mlddlobury. Neighbors
arlvlng by this afternoon about three
o'clock saw smoke and flames pouring
from tho tcol houso nnd Immediately
notified the family. Thoy knew nothing
of It nnd with tho help of the telephone
soon called a largo number of peoplo to
tho scene to fight tho (ire.
The huildlng In which the fire originated
was burned to the ground and several
times an' Ice house ,a hen house and a
largo horse barn caught but by tho
prompt action of those fighting tho firn
theso flames wero extinguished. Tho houso
was not far away but this did not catch.
Tho deep snow everywhere about did
much to prevent tho fire spreading. Tho
loss Is between 1,G00 and J2.000, partially
covered by Insuranco. Tho origin of the
fire Is unknown.
PADEREWSKI GIVES UP
CONCERTS AND POLITICS
London, Feb. 26. Ignace Jan Pnderew
skl, former Polish premier, will never
again appear on the concert platform, nor
la he likely to re-enter polltlcs.vaccordlng
to tho Vovcy, Switzerland, correspondent
ot the Dally Mall. During an Interview
with M. Padarewfkl, the correspondent
asked him If It was true If he would
accept the nomination as president of
"I don't think I shall be Invited to be
come president," the great pianist re
plied. "I hope to devote tho rest of my
life to composing music. I am convinced
an era of pence and prosperity for Poland
Is begun and feel my political mission Is
Geneva, Feb. 26. (Havas) Ignaee Jan
Paderewskl, former Polish minister, who
arrived recently In Switzerland, has gone
to London for tho purpose of laying be
fore the supremo allied council Polish
views concerning peace negotiations with
tho Russian soviet government.
MASONS IN WORLD
WAR ARE HONORED
St. Johnsbury, Vt. Feb. 26 Passumpslr
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, held
a past masters' servlco night at the tem
ple tills evening In honor of tho forty
thrco masons who served In the World
War. Veterans of tho last three wars
appeared In uniform and two candidate
woro made mastor masons. Fred H. Dol
loff officiated as worshipful muster and
all tho other chairs were taken by the
ten past masters of the lodge. Tho charge
was given by Birney L. Hall. The pres
ent womhlpful master of the lodge. Fol
lowing tho work and before the banquet,
addresses were mado by tho Rev. Oeorgo
A. Marine, Capt. Herbert A. Wilcox and
Llout Juttcn A. Long-.Moorc.
Mrs. J. B. Eldridge Dies
Waterbury, March 1. Mis. Eldridge,
wife of J. B. Eldridge, president and
manager of tho Waterbury Last Block
enmpany, died hero to-day. The funeral
wilt bo held 'from the house at ono o'clock
Mrs. Eldridge was before her mar
rlago Emma McClaflln, daughte? of
James and Anna (Somervllle) McGlaflln.
She was born In Wnltsfleld. 58 years ago
and was married In that town 32 years
ago. Mr. and Mrs. Eldridge lived In
Randolph, where ho was postmaster, until
five years ago when they enme tn this
Mrs. Eldridge Is survived by two boys.
Edwnrd and Loren of this village. Sho
nhn leaves a sister, Mrs. Lizzie Davis of
Randolph, and three brothers, W. J. and
E. S. of Northtleld and J. L. of Barre.
Sho was a member of the 1'yrean club
of Waterbury and tho Ladles' Society
of the Congregational Church an well
as the Eastern Star.
BRICKLAYERS WANT flO A DAT
Providence, R. I March 1. Five hun
dred mombers of the Bricklayers' Union
went on strike hero to-day, tying up all
largo construction work. They demand
I1.2.-I an hour for an eight-hour day," tho
prosent scale being Jl an hour. The con
tractors have held two conferences with
delegates of tho union and offered a com
promise of $1.13 an hour, which hns been
rejected. The men aro said to bo desirous
of fixing a higher wage, as there Is to bo
an usual amount of work hero during
the coming yenr, Including a new $3,000,000
MAJ. SCHROEDER RECOVERING
Dayton, Ohio, March 1. Major R. W.
Schroeder, who established a new air
plane altitude, record of 30,202 feet at
McCook Field yesterday and then fell
more thnn five miles to within 2,000
fee of the ground, Is resting easy In
All visitors have been barred from
his room. His wife is aiding McCook
Field surgeons In bringing him back
to health. Ho still has Ice packs on his
eyes, which were chilled and blinded In
"It's all In tho game. I shall try
again," ho said to-day. He will prob
ably not bo able to fly again for at
least threo or four days.
TO BUILD "CHAPEL CARS,"
Chicago, Feb, 26. Chapel oarB, equipped
with living quarters for a minister and
his family, and wltn seutlng accommo
dations for 60 persons, will bo built for
every inllroad out of Chicago "as money
Is available" according to an announce
ment to-day by tho Northern Baptist
Seven such cam already are operating
across the continent, tho announcement
said, and 10,000 men and women havo pro
fees 'd conversion In them.
AERO CLUB AND
Joint Meeting of Two Organiza
tions to Be Held in Burlington
March 10, With Address by
Colonel Brant of the Air
A Joint meeting of tho Aero club of
Vermont with the Vermont Society of
engineers will bo held In Burlington,
Wednesday, March 10. James Hartness,
! president of the Aero club of Vermont,
and candidate for governor, will be one
I of tho speakers. Plans havo Just been
completed whereby Col. G. C. Brant, air
service, of Fort Schuyler, N. Y., will give
an address at this meeting. It Is ex
pected that Colonel Brant's talk will bo
I along tho lines of 'engineering from tho
nlr, particularly ln connection with
topography from tho nlr. This will bo the
eighth annual meeting of tho Vermont
S6cloty of Knglneors, of which Charles F.
Ptirlnton of this city Is president. Thur
man W. Dlx of this city Is chairman of
the committco on arrangements for tho
Owing to war conditions, tho Aero club
of Vermont has not held a meeting for
several years. This will be, therefore, a
sort of revival ot the club, and It Is ex
pected that unusual Interest will bo
shown, owing to tho great increase ln air
traffic during the last three years, and
to the fact that Vermont Is rapidly be
coming and air State, with landing place
throughout Its borders. Tho annual meet
ing of the Aero club will bo held In the
main dining room of the Hotel Van Ness
at 10 o'clock In the morning of March 10.
and a record attendance Is looked for.
Veterans of the air service during the
World War aro urged especially to attend
this meeting and help promote the air
program In Vermont, and all thoso In
terested In the navigation of the air arw
cordially Invited to bo present. Further
plans for this Joint meeting will be an
nounced later. It ls probable that there
will he other speakers than those men
tioned, ns the entire program has not yet
BEQUESTS FOR U. V. M.
I.nrgent One to He Culled tho Justin S.
Word was received Saturday at the
University of Vermont of the gift $20,000
to tho University from tho estate of James
S. Morrill, son of the late Sepator Morrill.
Mr. Morrill, who was graduated from
the University In 1SS0, died several years
ago but the estate was left In such a
way that his aunt, Miss Louise S. Swan,
wns to have the benefit of Its during her
life. Miss Swan occuplod the Morrill home
ln Washington winters, and spent her
summers In Strafford. She died a short
time ago. Tho only provision attached to
this gift was that it should bo kept as a
separate fund and called "The Justin fl.
Morrill Fund," in honor of Senator
The trustees will decide very soon as
to what use this new fund will bn put.
The University has also received a gift
of 1,0W from the late Rev. Samuel 1.
Briant of Westboro. Mass., a member of
tho class of lt"63. Mr. Briant was formerly
a clergyman In Vermont. This gift will
go Into tho general tund of tho collego.
RESIGNS AS AGENT
I. 11. tVnlnh Leave Expretm Office) in
Heroine Factory Saprrtntrndent
P. H. Walsh, who Is well known to the
peoplo of this city, has resigned aslocal
agent of tho American Railway Express
company to accept a position as super
intendent of tho Perfection Overgaitr
company, of which company he was re
cently elected a director.
Mr. Walsh started in tho express busi
ness some twenty-seven years ago, and
with the exception of threo years as lino
auditor nnd agent for the samo company
at Montpeller, he has been continuously
at tho St. Paul street office In this city.
His many ycais' experience in dealing
with tho public and very successful ad
ministrative abilities In gaining the co
operation of his assistants will prove tif
material benefit in promoting tho industry
to which he has affiliated himself with.
On Saturday his associates at the ex
press office presented him with a sub
stantial traveling outfit and a supply of
cigars as a token of esteem and apprecia
tion with which he is held, assuring him
that while they regretted his leaving, they
rejoiced with him In his advancement.
IlnyH from 16 tn St to n- Admitted tn
Ilthnn Allen Clab
At a special meeting of tho Ethan Allen
club Saturday evening action was taken
providing for Junior membership, by
which boys from 1C to 21 years of age may
become members of the club, their annual
. dues being less than one-halt those of
j senior members. When a boy Joining the
club In this claf.s becomes 21 years of age
ho will be classified as a regular member,
with the obligations and rights of such
members. The Junior membership Is limit
ed to 50 and Junior members will havo no
voto or Interest in tho property of the
club. They will, of course, have the full
use of such property, Including the billiard
tables, bowling alleys and tennis courts.
MRS. H. E. PARKER DIES
Wife of Bradford Opinion Editor Suc-
eunilm nt Miami, Fin.
Montpeller, Feb. 26. A message was re
ceived here to-day of the death of Mrs.
Horry E. Parker In Miami, Fin., where
the family has been spending the winter.
Her husband ls the owner of tho "Brad
ford Opinion" and well known In the
nowspapor fraternity of Vermont. In the
Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows, and Re
publican party circles, In all of which he
has been prominent for years. Mrs. Par
ker died of heart disease and her body
will be brought In tho spring to Bradford
for burial. Besides her husband, she
leaves ono son, Charles of Montpeller,
mid two daughters.
Seven Refrigerator Cant I.enve Track at
Milton Uollou- Wheel Ilnike
St. Albans, Fob. 26. Seven empty
refrigerator cars tn the northbound freight
train No. 423 were derailed at Milton Hol
low about four o'clock this afternoon on
account of a broken wheel. No one was
Train No. 3 and No. s from the south
tliia evening nnd No. 6 at 10:23 p. m. wero
run run by way of the Rutland road by
way of tho Islands to Alhurg. Number
four was run south of Essex Junction,
having boen mado up of cars and rolling
stock generally used on tho Burlington
branch and was about three hours lato.
It Is expected the lino will be cleared
by ono or two o'clock to-morrow morn
ing. The train wns In chnrgo of Conductor
C. H. Fltzpatilck and Engineer F. E.
Fit EIS PRESS VAT AIIS PAY JIKST
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