OCR Interpretation


Burlington weekly free press. (Burlington, Vt.) 1866-1928, March 11, 1920, Image 11

Image and text provided by University of Vermont

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86072143/1920-03-11/ed-1/seq-11/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

t ' pi nnrrTiiiT rr ,w dune-fa n " 1 1 1 1 . mi j& ; itt 1 ma " ' ri n- v vi..v ia . bit '.v 1 " ' - - -
With Railroads Ruined, Factories Dismantlcd,Tradc At ;
Standstill This Nation of Dauntless lMghtcrs Is
Holding Its Own Against Bolshivism In
the East and Germanism In the West.
I'liolos Hy merlenu Red Cross
AR on ilirco fronts." is the
nay in which the. present mil-
1 1 1 a ry silimtlon in Poland was
recently expressed with tcr-
.-tnr s by Prince Lubomirskl, Minister
from Poland to the- rnllcrt Slates.
The pcaeo Irc.ity changed some of
Poland' ptoblems, hut il did not
wholly solve Iheni. i'ol.md Is .-.Mil at
wa r.
Tlir lirrt of Iho three wars now
menacing the young republic is Iho
struggle with red Russia, which grad
ually but fiircly has been growing in
Intensity and widespread activity dur
ing the lust few months. And I ho
Bolsheviks assert that they have hard
ly begun as yet to exert the full
strength of their pressure on the
Tolcs.
With the Reds requiring ever-Increasing
watchfulness and military
strength in the Kast. Poland has at
the same time, in l ho West, to main
tain her lights as well as she can In
lie passive .struggle with Germany,
who sUU has military control over the
ureas where plebiscites are to ho taken
n Silesia. Germany's propaganda is
a powerful today against Poland, pay
the Poles, as It was against England
In 101 1.
Railroads And Factories Ruined
Of i non-military nature, hut none
lie ls a fight, Is Poland's hitter
nrs'i a? Unst famine within the con
fine., of '.rr own .country. After the
repeited How of Russian and German
frm.es across the land which now is
Po'.'ind Ihe co"ntry is impoverished
bevond description. There Is nothing i
ier in the wav of rolling stock to .
nnke milters fr worse. Transporta- '
Ss?Z c&y IB 1
?rint Paper Shortage Brings Out Some Startling Fig
ures Showing How We Are Using Up Our Forests
Without Replacing Them As We Should.
RV THOMAS V.. RUS.SHLIj
RVPPING on wood has long been
h method for warding olf bad
luck, hut it does not occur to
many of us just how easy it Is to
i'ip op wood. Look around you right
now and note how many dilfcrcnt
pieces of wood aro within easy reach.
The piper you are reading right now
is made out of it. Tho doors you walk
on nil day are made of wood. You are
in constant contact with wood. Tho
print paper shortage has called tho at
tention of thousands, who never gavo
it any thought before, to tho valuo of
the forest", our greatest natural re
source, if tho pulpwood used In this
country In 1018 wcro stacked on an
aero of ground It would mako a pilo
nearly four miles high. Could the
cord wooil be laid end on end it would
extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific
Coast and about half way to Japan,
The amount used in 101R was live mil
lion, two hundred and fifty thousand
and seven hundred and ninety-four
cords of pulp wood. This In a jump of
more than one hundred per cent, in 20
years. Tho newspapers of tho country
have been hard pressed to meet tho
situation nnd conservation all along
tho lino has been called for by the
American Forestry Association which
1b campaigning for a national forest
policy and better fire protection.
"Tho backbone of Industry" is what
CharlC3 Lnthrop Pack, who has just
been re-elected president of tho asso
ciation, calls tho forests, ilo calls on
the schools of tho country to talk of
paper conservation and tho study of
tho treen as a part of tho campaign
for thrift In this country. "Our
forests aro llko a bank," Mr. Pack said
at tho annuul meeting of tho associa
tion, "wo must deposit In thorn If wo
want to draw out." With our forests
being cut down or destroyod by (iro
lion Is sorely crippled. Maintaining
the Polish armies along the tremen
dous fronts taxes the poor resources
of the railroads. And Iho country is
destitute of foodstuffs.
American experts who have ex
amined conditions In Hint country
Ihoroughly, as well as Ihn J'olos theiu-.-elvori,
agree that until tho next har
vest season at least, Poland Is depend
ent on the outside world for foodstuffs.
And to add to the struggle of the new
government, industry must lie rebuilt
from the ground up. Poland has b'-cn
stripped of raw materials, llcr fac
tories have been crippled.
Whatever tho Russians failed to do,
ihe Germans did with thoi oughncss.
Rv removing the key pieces of the ma
chinery In many factories, for ex
ample. Teutonic Ingenuity ruined them
as elfectivcly as if the buildings had
been dynamited. Tho crippling of In
dustry lias created a gigantic problem
in unemployment, and caring for the
idle population is a tremendous bur
den on the struggling government.
Bulwark Against Reds
Acting as Europe's shield against
r.olshevik invasion, Poland has a lead
ing place in the battle line that Is
flung from the ttnltlc to the Adriatic.
Miserably equipped and underfed, the
stalwart wearers of the' Polish eaglo
are fighting today along this Immense
front with tho same spirit that char
acterized their ancestors in the long
past days when Poland was a mighty
kingdom.
Mwuys lovers of liberty, even
through the dark period when they
were the enforced subjects of Russia,
Gcrmtnv and Austria, the Poles are
much faster than thoy aro being re
plenished the end is in sight.
Situation Acute
, Tho print paper situation has hc
enmc so ncuto that It has been placed
before Congress. Action on tho reso
lution providing for tho creation pf a
commission to deal with the Canadian
Government for tho relief of tho print
paper shortage and tho recall of Ca
nadian regulations detrimental to the
United States publisher is asked by
Senator Underwood, of Alabama. The
resolution of which Underwood is tho
sponsor provides that a commission of
llvo ho appointed by the President to
confer witli representatives of tho Ca
nadian Government nnd the provinces
of Quebec, Ontario and New Rruns
wlck, relative to tho abandonment of
Orders in Council issued as far back
as Klin.
Tho Orders In Council, in short, pro
ido that wood cut on crown lands
shall not bo exported unless cut into
lumber, developed into wood pulp or
manufactured into paper. Tho resolu
tion introduced by Underwood outlines
tho situation In full.
"During the fight on tho Underwood
tariff bill I had inserted into that
measure provisions which would pro
vldn for the Importation of tho print
paper needed by thcfliubllshers of tho
United Slates at as low a prlco as
possible" Undorwood declared.
Would Fnrco Paper Industry To
Canada
"It was at that time that I becamo
Interested In tho qticsllon of paper
pulp wood llnportcd from Canuda, Tho
rulings of Iho Canadian Government
will ovcnlunlly cause all paper manu
facturers to ranvo to Canada and to
closo their plants In tho United States.
When this Is accomplished, by an oni-
mm i mmMmSmxxwm? nut
now lighting for the liberty, not only
of themselves, hut of their neighbor:!.
"Not only have our armies tlirown
hack, the Rolshcviks over hundreds of
miles of front, fleeing Iho oppressed
Polish anil Jewish population.''," the
Polish Minister said not long ago in
Washington, "but they have released
from the bondage of soviet tyranny
the Letts, Lithuanians, White Russians
and Ruthcnlans, offering them inde
pendence and opportunities for devel
opment. "These .accomplishments are largely
the les'iilt of tho genius of the Polish
Chief or Staff, General Joseph Pllsud
skl. leader of tho army. Refore tho
war ho began Ihe organization of the
fighting forces which, under the heavy
Russian yoke, and during the war, was
the leader of the Polish legions.
"Ry the spontaneous decision of the
nation he has been placed at the head
of tho Polish state, a manifestation of
tho confidence of thirty-live million
people, and from those people he has
organized an army not only of soldiers
but of souls and spirits, who have car
ried on under him in spite of danger,
misery and starvation that have beset
them on all sides.''
Wonderful Soldiers
The soldiers of Poland have indeed
carried on, and are still carrying on.
with the undiminished hopes horn of
a conviction that their cause Is just
and cannot fail. Under-rationed, poor
ly clothed, hut inspired by the tradi
tion of a free Poland, they display a
degree of moral that to the outside is
bargo, the paper of this country could
ho cut off and wo would havo no way
to defend ourselves to opcrato our
newspaper plants."
Tho llrst action to prohibit tho ex
portation of wood in iln raw stato was
taken by tho lieutenant-general in
Quebec, in mo. This prohibited tho
exportation of wood from crown lands.
Underwooil says this provision "do
prlved the citizens of the United
States of wood to which they had all
property rights."
Thu resolution .was Introduced fol
lowing tho action of the American
Newspaper Publisher's Association
asking' for tho "restoration of tho
property rights of Amorican Interests
to tho wood of their leased lands In
Canada."
Another moasuro Introduced by
Senator Watson nlms for tho develop
ment of tho cutting of wood for paper
pulp in tho United Slates.
National Porcst Policy Needed
Importance of tho forests to our
economic lifo and tho need of a na
tional forest policy aro shown when
we consider tho wood using industries
of tho country and tho money In
volved. In Ohio, Indiana and Illinois
a billion board feet of lumber was
produced by each Stuto In 1899, hut
twenty year.4 lator this production had
dropped (o about ono-quarter ot that
amount. What this mean In In
creased freight charges Is easily seen.
So alarming has becomo tho situation
amazing.
Kach day they may bo seen march
ing cheerily along through the streets
of Warsaw, the capital of Poland,
some wearing Russian uniforms, some.
Austrian, somo German, some Amer
ican khaki, some Ihe regulation uni
form of Iho army of Poland. Rut
most of thorn wt.ir a strange mixture
of tho uniforms of many nations. In
tho summer they make a practice of
decorating themselves, their lodgings,
their wagons and their trains with
greens and (lowers. Rut they all wear
the Polish eagle, anil as they march,
they sing.
Tills optimism, however, Is a tradi
tion of the Polish troops. R is not
to bo found everywhere in Poland. For
the Polos know how to bo serious, and
to look facts squarely in the face. An
unanticipated outcome of tho pence
conference decision which provided
for plebiscites to determine the na
tionality of border areas claimed
jointly by Poland and her neighbors
Is the industrial paralysis and the
high military and political tension
which have developed among the peo
ple. Germans Hold Silesia
The situation in Upper Silesia, for
Instance, has long amounted to a state
of seigo, with occasional hursts of ac
tive warfare, between the Poles and
tho Germans. Roth Poland and Ger
many consider that the possession of
the coal fields of Upper Silesia !.- vital
to the maintenance of their respective
countries.
that tho newspapers have taken up
tho campaign of tho American
Forestry Association and told tho
wood using Industries of tho middle
west they would havo to move or
quit In thirty years, a look at thrco
of those big states gives an Idea of
tho situation and what It means as a
business proposition. Hero aro tho
figures:
Ohio (100,000 persons nre employed
in industries, 90,000 n wood-using in
dustries; capital In all industries, $1,
675.000.000: In wood-using Industries,
$UiO.000.O00; annual products of all
Industrie" aro worth $l,7sri,000,000 of
wood-using indusliies, $175,000,000.
Illinois 120,000 persons arc em
ployed In Industries, 10.000 of them
in wood-using industries; tho capital
Invested In all Industries $'.',000,000,
000, and in wood-using Industries $10.
000,000; Iho value of products ot all
industries is $2.2r,O.O00.00O, and of
wood-uslng industries $320,000,000.
Indiana 2fiC,000 persons arn em
ployed in all industries. 70,000 in
wood-using Industries; capital In all
Industries. $fi7.ri,ooo ono, in wood-using
Industries, $17D,000,000; annual prod
ucts of, all Industries aro worth $730,
000,000. of wood-UHing Industries
$1 10. 000, 000.
Wood Enters Into Nearly Every Line
or .Manufacturo
Just a glanco at tho nod-producing
nnd nod-using tndu 'ries of the
Each nation claims tho territory as
Its own. For a long time the Ger
mans held the area, and foreigners
who have visited there declare that
It was obvious that tho Germans were
taking extienio measures to inllmidato
Hie Polish element, In order to line
l hem up for a voto in favor of Ger
many, and to make it imposslblo for
the loyal Poles to remain to cast their
ballots.
An American who visited this dis
puted section lalo last summer
brought buck many stories of German
terrorism, and took a quantity of
photographs as evidence. Ono of these
showed a Polish youth with great
scars across his back Ihn result of a
heating which ho had received from
Hie Germans for selling copies of a
Polish newspaper to tho mine-worker.?
In Upper Silesia. Tills man reported
a high degree of military development
by the Germans and the Installation of
elaborate formications. American nnd
P.rltish newspaper correspondents
both reported in detail on tho cam
paign or intimidation being conducted
bv the Germans. Attempts wore be
ing made constantly to Infuriate tho
Polish troops into crossing the border
to defend their own people, the Pol
ish mine-workers and their families
on the German side of the linq.
Tlie opinion has been advanced by
many alien observers that tho Ger
mans were deliberately antagonizing
the Polos with the hope that the Poles
would lose their self-control and be
Impei'ed I msentment to 'ake re.tall-
L'nitod Slates will show tholr impor
tance; lumber and tlmbor products;
planliig-null products, sash, doors,
blinds and general mlllwork; window
and door screens and weather strips;
wooden packing boxes; cigar boxes;
barrels and kegs; turned nnd carved
wood; lasts; wooden furnlturo, includ
ing rattan nnd willow; show cases;
billard tables and niatormls; looking
glasses and picture frames; sewing
machine cases; baskets and rattan and
willow ware; colllns and burial cases;
rules; matches; pulp goods; wood
carpel; charcoal; treated and pre
served woods; carriages and wagons;
airplanes; agricultural Implements;
dairymen's, poulterers' and apiarists'
supplies; wood for engraving, musical
Instrumenls und materials; paper and
wood pulp; phonographs and grapha
phnnes; tobacco piles; refrigerators
and kitchen cabinets; ships and boars;
toys and games; lurpontino and rosin;
washlng-maehliies and clothes-wrlng-ers;
wood distillates artificial limbs;
professional nnd scientific instru
ments; h. indies; clocks; playground
equipment: printing material; trunks;
shuttles; spools, and bobbins; llie
arnis; liqlloys and conveyors; patterns
and flasks; pumps and wood plpo;
tanks and silos; bungs nnd fauceis;
brooms and carpet-sweepers; paving
materials; plumbers' woodwork.
In round numbers 270,000 estab
lishments aro engaged in manufactur
ing, . nd of this vast number 52,000,
C -r-" - W C
atory measures which might incur the
dlsplcasuro of tho allied powers. To
discredit Poland with her powerful
backers would be a great achievement
for Germany In her hopo of confound
ing the now republic.
So to be propared for sudden event
ualities on tho part of a sullen nnd
mischief-making neighbor, as well as
to keep her military fences In tho
West In as good condition as possible
under the circumstances, the unsettled
dispute over the coal fields demands
that Poland maintain part of her army
along this line.
Dan.lg Region
From farthsr north comes still an
other call upon the nation's sorely
strained military resources. The
change of boundaries In tho neighbor
hood of Danzig, whereby Poland ac
quires certain territory which Ger
many was required to give up, places
inside the confines of tho former coun
try a region which the central powers
have overlooked no opportunity to
Toutonlze.
Some of tho residents of German an
cestry here have not been slow in rec
or 19 per cent, aro establishments de
pending solely or In part on tho prod
ucts of tho forest for raw materials
used in their varied lines of manu
facture, in othor words, nearly ono
fifth of all tho manufacturing estab
lishments throughout tho country uso
timber in ono form or other, nnd thoy
would bo hnndicnppod by decreased
supplies and forced to ccaso working
if no wood wore obtainable.
Over Oni Million Wood Workers
Ry these 27G.000 establishments work
Is given to 7,000,000 wage earners. Of
this vast army of tollers, who keep
tho wheols of industry moving, 1,130,
000, or 10 per cent, earn their wage
in tho fi2. 000 wood-using plants. To
a man theso wago earners should bo
Interested in tho proper uso ot our
forests, for from tho annual crops
must como tho wood which they
handlo to mako their livelihood.
Tho country's manufacturing estab
lishments pay out annually Jn tho ag
gregate 14 billion dollars for raw
materials, and tho part of tho wood
using Industries in that hugo expendi
ture amounts to moro than ono bil
lion dollars, or 7 per cent. Tho valuo
of tho products of tho 52,000 estab
lishments amounts to nearly 214 bil
lion dollars a year, or 10 per cent, of
thn total valuo of all manufacturers.
Tho valuo of tho products ot tho wood
using Industries is slightly moro than
doubled by tho process of refinement
at tho hands of moro than a mil
lion wago earnors. Tho capital in
vested In tho 52,000 plants, totalling
3 billion dollars, Is 13 por cent, of tho
' ' W
ognizing tho advantages coming with;
tho change in nationality. These, to
gether with thclargo number of genuine
Poles who are there, arc an Influence
for orderliness and the new national
ism. Rut Poland knows that in this
district where thcro is a strong, evert
blttor, Germanic tendency among cer
tain elements, she cannot trust these)
elements too far. Tho Polc3 have)
plenty of object lessons In tho matter
of preparedness.
Poland is "up to her cars In war"
not becauso she likes to war. Nobody
wants peace any more sincerely, even
ardently, than do tho Poles them
selves. Rut In such a condition as
Poland Is placed today, the only way
to a solid, lasting peace Is the way that
leads through war. All Toland looks
forward eagerly to the day when her
warriors can turn to the terrific tasks
of peace. For Poland's peace prob
lems aro terrific, and to complete tho
beginning of the new republic will
take tho samo dauntless courage ad
tho Poles havo shown In every war la
which they have had any share.
aggregato Investment ot 22 -i blllloU
dollars in manufactures.
Ono inhabitant of every 100 form
ing tho 100 million population ot tha
L'nlted States is a wago earner whosa
earnings depend upon the uninterrupt
ed supply of raw material from the
forest. In tho perpetuation of our
forests tho public is vitally concerned.'
It means national safety as well aa
economic prosperity nnd tho Ameri
can Forestry Association welcomes
suggestions as to tho best Ideas to ba
Incorporated in a' national forest pol
icy. In ono form or another wood
whether it ho fuel or furniture is tha
principal raw material that enters
into tho making of thousands of man
ufactures and tho turning out of these
varied products Involves tho labor oi:
millions of persons, backed up by tha
capital investment of billions of dol
lars. Should tho forest crop bo shorN
ened, tho manufacturer would bo de4
prlved of his raw material and labor.
In turn, would lack employment. Sol
whatever tends to maintain an abund
ant annual forest crop Is perforce an
ally of tho public, and whatever tenda
to diminish such a crop, whether it ba
poor utilization, carelessness, or fire,
rolis labor and tho public. Let us sava1
the forests!
a n.i rr i: ic j
Wo sauntered down the quiet street, 1
Our fancy busy otherwhere. )
When sudden camo to stay our feet 1
A startling shriek upon tho air. 1
I,
And from a mansion near thorn fled li
A damsel of uncommon srace, I
And after her a ruffian sped I
With menace on his evil face. ' 1
The 'fleeting maid ho quickly caught.
And dragged her, wildly struggling
hack:
Tho while wo stood ns one distraught
At sight of such a bold attack. ,
Then to our heart. In rushing tldo
Camo indignation strong and warm
"Unhand her. vllllan," loud wo cried
"Or feel tho weight of our goo4V
arm." ,
And then wo heard nn angry "Heyl" J
From ono nearby at a machine.
"Somobndy chaso that boob away, IJ
He's spoiled our finest movie Bcene,,

xml | txt