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THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS AND TIMES: THURSDAY. JUNE 24, 1920.
BRINGS MESSAGE OF GREAT OUT-OF-DOORS Dan Beard, Beloved Scout Com missioner, Sounds Call of the Open at Convention of Sports men Other Interesting Speakers on Day's Program Dsn Beard, national scout commissioner, and beloved throughout scoutdom, brought the message of the groat out-of-doors to the convention of sportsmen which fathered at the Edmunds High School yesterday morning and spent the day and evening In listening to well-known out-of-door men speaking on various phases of the. limitless out-door program. It Is easy to see how Dan Beard has become the hero and friend of every Hoy Scout In Amerira. Ills ready wit nnd win ning personality, together with his marvelous knowledge of everything In out-door life, shown In every turn of his versatile, conversation, mark him as it leader nmong men, nnd a companion with the boys. Dan Heard has leen In scout work 13 year?, three years longer than anv of the other scout workers ,and hn wears three scout service stripes on hi sleeve, one for each five yearn of serv ice The national scout commissioner's sub ject yesterday morning before the con--ention was "Out-nf-Doors Recreation and Boys' Work." in sounding the call of the open, Mr. Heard declared that all of the great men of this country havo been out-of-doors men. They have loved the buckskin. Washington was an adherent of the out-of-door life. We have heard most about the Father of our Country as a statesman, a man of dignity and power, a soldier and a country gentle man. But there was another side to the yreat Washington, which w,w really the. greatest part of him He rode like the broncho busters of Wild West fame. He excelled in swimming, in jumping, In all feats of jtrength and bodily power and endurance. In lighting the elements of nature, he never shrank, but took them as they came, swimming the rivers, sleep ing in the open without shelter, braving the. dangers and enduring the hardships of the. unfettered winds and nature's sea rons with the best of his men. And the same is true of Jefferson, of Lincoln and of Roosevelt, threo more of the nation's greatest heroes. Theso men ail pained their strength from close com munion with the great out-of-doors. Thoy ke.pt close to nature and took power from hsr very breast. And not only these, but 1.2 other great men who lived 2,iv years ago, nmontf them a number of fishermen, lived In tho out-of-doors. The Master of Mankind Himself loved the out-of-doors and spent a. large part of his lite there. And the Good God, who rules the world, never built a church, said Mr. Beard. Many of those in the audience which listened to Dan Beard were Boy Scouts, and the commissioner calkd their atten tion to the fact that it is hardship nnd the conquering of obstacles in life which makes a nation or an Individual strong. Ease, and luxury bring weakness. Thou sands of years ago, the people of Baby lon were reveling in luxury and dissipa tion, following their king, Belshazzar, In his voluptuous feasts. At that same time, down in Tlcrra del Fuega. a woman who wore no more above her waist than many women do to-day. said Mr. Beard, carried her child on her breast while the drifting snows beat against her. But while she may not have worn any moie. above the waist than many women do to-day, said the commissioner, neither did she wear high hoeled shoe.s.' And In Tierra del Fueso the women go about to-day In the samo manner, and t'ney and their children are, among the most hardy people In the world. But, In order to find any record of the Babylonians, who flourished with King BelsunzJAi, we havn to dig Into hurled cities which fell long year ago, and then all ti.at we And Is the print of their fingers nnd their ancient writing In tablets of stone. This is the inevit able consequence of the different modes of living. And In the present age, said Mr. Beard, there are feasts and revelries In the great cities of our land to which the feast of Belshazzar. could not hold a candle. There Is handwriting on tho wall In many a dissipation of to-day, and it is not heeded. Dan Beard called the ' boys of America to be ready to meet hatdshlps without flinching, to learn to take care of them selves wherever they find themselves, to he. resourceful and ready upon all occa sions, to learn to live In such a way that they win not he dependent upon others, and to conquer weaknesses nnd hardships alike. Not that they should choose to sleep upon a stone If a bed of boughs could be had, but, in ra.se there was nothing better, to sleep upon a stone and make the best of It, without flinching. At at the battle of King's Mountain tri1 the early history of this country, each Colonial soldier was a general in himsolf. In command of his own resources, pledged to go forward and to conquer, so that the British officers wore picked off In their conspicuous uniforms, and the Am ericans won the day by greater resource fulness, so to-day Americans should learn t6 depend upon their own skill and their own wits to win their way in life. As a final example of what he was try ing to bring out, Commissioner Beard , cited the case of tho fated steamer Ti tanic, when hundreds of American men stayed aboard the steamer nnd went down to their death singing "Nearer My God to Thee." This, said Mr. Beard, was a terrible waste of life and a useless waste. From all accounts, there was plenty of time to do something to save themselves. There were sailors on board who could tie knots of all kinds; there were skilled mechanics, there was plenty of wood and material with which to work; but there sfcemed to be nobody to take command of the situation! nobody who was re sourceful enough for the occasion, If George Washington, or Daniel Boone or Kit Carson, or Colonel Cody, or Theo flore Roosevelt had been aboard that boat those men would not havo gone down quietly without a fight fcr life. They would have worked at top speed with the material at hand, and, when tho rescuing boats arrived, they would have been sit ting on rafts, swinging their legs in the water and singing "Hall, Hall, the Gang's All Here.'1 During the convention, the Burlington troops of Boy Scouts put on an exhlbl tlon of scout craft, which was one of the finest over seen In this vicinity. There was an exhibition of wigwagging and other thing which the scouts have been learning. . James P. Taylor, secretary of tho Chamber of Confmerce, mado tho address of welcome at the opening of the con vention. Responses In brief were mado by Commissioner Linus Leavens for thn Fish and Game League and for the de partment of fish and game, and by C. P. Cooper of Rutland for the Green Moun tain club. In the afternoon, the quartet fiom tho University of Vermont Gleo club was on thuslastlcally received and compelled to glv many encores to their well rendered selections. There were two addresses In I the afternoon, one by W. G, Hastings, i SUt forester, on "ForeMry: Its Rela- tlon to Wild Life Resources," and the Lotbtrby.,- Wintbrop , Packard,, secretary nf the Massachusetts Audubon soelaty, who spoke on "Bird Mysteries," Mr, Fackard'8 lecture was profusely lllus trntcd with some rare bird pictures. He gave the audience somo Interesting facts nbout bird migrations and the method of conducting tho bird sanctuaries Jn Massachusetts. Theron S. Dean of this city gnve a very Interesting Illustrated lecture In the eve ning on "The Long Trail." He had a good list of pictures, showing tho development of the Long Trail and he skillfully brought out tho Importance tha,t this project has assumed In Vermont life. The closing talk of the convention was given by Dr T. S, Palmer, representing the United States Bureau of Biological Survey. Ills subject was "The PractU cal Value of Public Qame Preserves." He told of the attempt which Is being mado by the government to prevent the extinction from this continent of certain animals whlrh have been hunted until they are nearly all gone. Through a great system nf national game preserves, linked with the national park system, much Is being done along this line. Dr. Palmer showed many pictures whlrh Illustrated the work. GIMBEL BROTHERS FIRM INDICTED of niK Department Store rrused Profit rerlnc In nothing Xew York, June 23. Glmliel Brothers of New York, operators of a large depart ment store and controlled by Interests which own similar establishments In other cities to-day were Indicted mi 207 counts for profiteering In clothing. The Glmbcl Indictment lo-day super sedes the complaints on which Gltnbel and Dowdell and Rlawter were arrested Saturday, nnd all three men now will have to appear In federal court for plead ing to It. The Glmbel indictment states that the average profit on all 207 articles men tioned was "1ft! 1-10 per cent" In one In stance a suit of mohair clothes which was said to have cost Glmbel Brothers Jn.SO was offered for sale at $20 "a gross profit of 2R3 per cent." The grand Jury In the indictment as serted that a gross profit of 55 per rent would have been ample to yield Glmbel Brothers a reasonable profit after the costs of a garment nnd payment of all overhead charges in connection with Its sale. A "summer bargain sale" of overcoats netted Glmbcl Brothers ,i gross of lflo per cent, according to the Indictment. The indictment of Glmbel Brothers fol lowed a secret Inquiry by the "flyinr squadron" of profiteer hunters which lasted about a month and specifies 207 articles' "offered for sale" at the New York store on June S last. The defendants are to appear for plead ing to-morrow. NOMINATIONS MAY PRECEDE PLATFORM Convention I'rnirrnm linn Alrrndy Ho- trun In Mother Domwrnln San Francisco, Juno 23. Representatives of the various aspirants for the Demo cratic presidential nomination probably will be asked to get together on a pro gram before the convention opens to de termine In ndvanne whether the platform shall bo adopted before or after nomina tion. Democratic conventions In the past havo dlrfercd In this regard, Pome campaign managers profess to see tactical advan tages In the nrrangement of the order of procedure, It was said. Chairman Cummlngs of the national committee, however, Is hopeful that an agreement ran be reached which will expedite, the convention's work. "With a fight over expression of the party's attitude on the Volstead prohibi tion enforcement act generally expected to be carried to the floor of the conven tion, It was pointed out that the resolu tions committee probably would he tied tip for some time In reaching Its con clusions. During that period, If adoption of the platform Is to precede the nomina tions, the convention would mark time. It ha.i been arguud that If balloting could proceed as to nominees while the committee, was hammering out Its plat form recommendations, time could be saved, and the conference of campaign managers will be called to rcc If this cannot be arrnnged for in the report of tho rules committee fixing the order of business. DARTMOUTH HAS ITS 151ST COMMENCEMENT Hanover. N. H.. June 2.1. Dartmouth College, at Its 151st commencement ex ercises to-day, conferred the honorary de gree of Doctor of Laws upon Major Gennral George IV. Goethals and Herbert Hoover. General Gotthals was charac terized as the "instigator, accelerator and accompllsher of tho greatest supply pro gram tho country has ever known," In his contribution to "one of the greatest crises of the war." and Mr. Hoover as the "eloquent spokesman of a great na tion's better self, and exponent to stricken peoples of lt practical Idealism." Trofessor Stephen B. Learock of Mont real and Justin H. Smith, historian, of New York were given the degree of Doctor of Letters The Rev. James U Barton, foreign secretary of the American board of com missioners for foreign missions, was made a Doctor of Divinity, and the de gree of .Master of Arts was conferred on Profest-or Burton T Scales of GIrard Col lege, Philadelphia, nnd George B. Young, DO. of Montpelier, Vt former president or the Vermont Bar association. The graduating class was one nf the .. . - .... M - MT argot in the History oi me cuuckc ) degrees being awarded. ACHIEVEMENT DAY Los Angeles, Calif., Juno 2.1. Tammany delegates to the Democratic national con vention at San Francisco here to-day declareii themselves In favor of tho man ufacture of light wines and beer, anoVl said they were pleased over the defeat nf Congressman A, ,1, Volstead for re nomination for tho Republican candidate from tho seventh congressional district of Mlnnc-iota. Mr. Volstead Is author of tho prohibition enforcement art. .fames J. Hagln, New York rlty tiro commissioner, and a Tammany delegate, said: "There will he a wet plank In the plat formthe people of the country favor a wet plank a plunk providing for tho manufacture of light wines and beer." He predicted a plank favoring equal sufTrage would he adopted in "unmistak able terms." Charles H. Murphy, Tammany leader, who was Indicted to-day In New York on charges of conspiring, left the special train last night at Riverside and went direct to San Francisco. Winner In Hoy' nnd (ilrls' nub work Oomliiu to lliirlincrtnii The second annual achievement day program for State champions and win ning teams in boys' and girls' club work will ho held at the Pnlverslty nf Ver mont Friday and Saturday. At least .V) boys and girls and their leaders will he the guests of the college during these two days. They are expected to arrive about one o'clock Friday noon and they will first have a b.i.ket lunch on tho collego green. Then they will .Utonti a short meeting at Morrill hall, for'lha' purpose of getting acquainted, and Acting Presi dent Guy V. Bailey and Dean J. L. Hills will welcome them. Then they will attend the class day exercises and the baseball game. In the evening they will havo a party Saturday they will attend a meeting and then go on a tour of tho college huild ings. There will be a roll call with speeches by different hoys and girls and the presentation of the medals with short talks by Thomas Bmdlec and others. Some of theso boys and girls are State champions in the different projects and have held their positions for several years. Then there will be among them winning" teams from the different county and State fairs and from Camp Vail. Many of them aro being sent at the ex pense of the counties from which they come. HARDING RECEIVES CHECK FOR $1 The eiuler "llnrroivfd" It in Srnn- lnr' Private Office Yriira Aro Washington. June 23. Proellmlnary steps for the Inauguration of his cam paign having been taken, Senator Harding, tho Republican presidential candidate, to-day turned his attention to his speech of acceptance, which is expected to sound tho campaign key note fo rthe party. The nominee, It wat sal.l to-day, plans to devote most of his time prior to about July 3. when ho will leave Washington for his Marion, Ohio home, to the acceptance adddress. Interspers ed with the work on tho speech, how ever, win be conferences with party leaders as was indicated to-day when Mr. Harding participated In severaJ discussions as to campaign plans No date has been set for the first meet ing of the executive committee of 21 chosen esterriay to direct the national campaign. One member of thnt commit tee remains to he appointed and until tho committee's membeishlp has been com pleted no action toward calling tho com mittee together will be taken. Anong his dally quota of congratulatory letters and promises of support, tho Sen ator to-day received a letter from a man in Rochester, Pennsylvania, containing a check for one dollar. The accompany ing letter said: "It i not my intention to owe a presi dent of the Pnlted States anything ex cept my admiration and good will, there fore, I enclose iny cheek for $1. Somo years ago in your private olllce In Mari on, I borrowed tho Jl for reasons you may Imagine. It helped at a time when work was scarce and money srarrer." Theso broods come in large numbers to Injure the crop. If these are not destroyed the crop will probahly appear. For chewing insects. Vse Paris green or arsenate of lead, Arsenate of load sticks better and Is not so likely to burn the loaves as Paris green, These sprays are applied cither wet or dry, A wet spray Is preferred for it sticks better and can be applied to the underside of the leaf. The wet Paris green spray Is made as follows: Mix one table spoon of Paris green and one tablespoon of lime with enough water to make a thin paste, then add one gallon of water. The dry spraw ls made of onn tablespoon of Paris green and one gallon of lime. The wet arsenate of lead spray Is mads as follows: Mix four tablespoons of powdered arsenate of lead with enough water to mnko a paste then add to It one gallon of water. The dry spray Is made of four tablesspons of arsenate of lead to one gallon of lime. For harlequin bugs.-Dlssolvo one-fourth pound of hard soap In two quarts of water. Pour while boiling hot Into one gallon of kerosene. This should be done away from the. fire. Churn for 10 min utes, This makes a stock emulsion tnat will keep nil summer. Mix one part of tho stock emulsion with 15 parts of water for spraying. Apply a fine mist so as not to soak tho soil. For heading cabbage. Use. a spray made of on tablespoon salt to one gallon of soapy water. For biting Inserts on plants that havn fruit ready to bo eaten. Steep one tablo spoonful of hellebore In one pint of water and add one pint of cold water. For plnnt diseases. Bordeaux mlstura Is used to control some plant disease. Frequently gardeners substitute one gal lon of Bordeaux mixture for one gallon of water In making either a Paris green spray or an arsenate nf lead spray. In this way the plants are protected from insect enemies and plant discuses by the same spray. Bordeaux mixture Is made as follows: Place one tablespoon bluestone In a porce lain dish nnd add one pint of water. Slack two tablespoons of stone lime until the lumps break up Into a fine powdor. Then add one pint of water nnd make milk of lime. When ready to use pour the dissolved blue-atone and the milk of lime together Into a wooden vessel or stono Jar and stir with a stick. Never use metal, If as much as three gallons of Bordeaux mixture is needed tise tho following proportions: One-fourth pound of bluestone, one-half pound of stono lime, and three gallons of water. SUFFRAGISTS GALL ON SEN. HARDING Candidate Says He Cannot With Propriety Attempt to Force Any State to Expedite Action on Ratification, THE STORY OF RUBBER :.ns ami SPRAY .NOW FOIl API'LF, MAGGOT A new method of controlling tho apple maggot Is reported from the Collego of Agriculture through the University of Vermont agricultural extension service. Tho applo maggot, which has been very troublesome throughout several genera tions, will finally succumb to a new spray applied at a very particular time says Prof. M. B. Cummlngs. Tho rail road worm, or apple maggot, as It Is often named, seems now thoroughly controll able by the arsenate of lead spray applied at a particular time. The method of control consists in spraying the trees with five pounds of arsenate of lead to one hundred gallons of water. Tho first application Is madu during the last days of June, or the first week of July, and the second application about two weeks later in case infestation Is serious or much harm is anticipated. Tho spraying must be done thoroughly, although there appenrs to bo no need of coating the trees as completely as when spraying for codling moth. The applica tion may hn mado nvore quickly and with loss materials than are necessary for tho usual spraying operations. The insect 1h widely distributed throughout New England and Now York Statu and attacks sometimes seriously such varieties as Early Harvest, Red Astrakhan. Maiden Blush, Alexander, Pumpkin Sweet, Tolman Sweet, Famonso, Mcintosh, etc. From the experience of practical growl- era It seems probable that after the mag got has once been brought under con trol, the ordinary codling moth sprays given after tho petals fall, and again three weeks later will control the flics nf the applo maggot LOOK FOB .SM'CiS (IX cm:mtii:s A rather uncommon and serious pest of pear and cherry trees Is prevalent this year The creaturo Is a soft bodied, smooth skin, black nnd shiny Ins-eel, larger at one end than the other. It Is .a biting Insect and eats the upper surface tissues from the leaf, leaving tho bare. framework. A number of Instances where thct-p Insects are pievalent have been reported to Professor M. B. Cum mlngs, horticultural specialist for tho I agricultural extension service of the Unl- 'lie pest is qulto abundant this year. This note is issued as a warning to people who have pear and cherry trees to Inspect them and If the pest is found, remedial measures should bo taken at once. Since thero Is a good set of pears this year it is Important that tho foliage be retain ed In good condition. When only a few slugs are present the easiest method is to dust the trees with fresh slacked lime. It is well to make this application early In tho morning when the foliage Is moist with dew so as to retain the mixture for somu time, une or two applications should prove sufficient If tho lime adheres well. Where the Insert Is prevalent in large numbors tho use of arsenlcals such as arsenate of lead at tho rate of four pounds to ono hundred gallons of water applied when the. foliage Is dry will destroy tho crea tures promptly. Spray thoroughly. SPRAYS AND THEIR USES Directions for Pre wiring- Sprnj-s and DeMtroj-tnit Insects upon wnat noes tho success or spray Des Moines, Iowa, Juno 23. Mrs. T. G. Wlntor, of Minneapolis, was chosen pres ident of the General Federation of Wom en's cluhs at yesterday's election, It was announced officially at the biennial con vention, to-daju ing depend? First, upon a knowledge of how the Insect Injures the plant. The gardener must know whether it eats the leaves, as tho potato hug; or sucks the sap, as the harlequin bug and aphis; or feeds on roots, as the maggot; or cuts off the plant as tho cutworm. Tho Insects that feed on the surface of the plant and can bo seen aro much easier to. control than tboso that feed Inside tho plant, or under rover, as tho corn-oar worm, hecono, a tnorougn ap- nllcatlon of tho right kind of spray at the right time. Sprays should bo applied in a very fine mist and tho entire plant should be completely covered with th sprny mixture. The. tindersurface of tho leaves should bo sprayed as carefully as the uppcr'surfacc. The plants should be snnrved as soon as tne insect appears. Tills early spray will kill tho hibernat ing Insects before they lay eggs, and so destroy the first brood. If the potato plants aro sprayed as soon as the leaves come through the soil, tho hibernating Colorado beetles will b0 killed when they eat their first meal and before they lay eggs. If tho cahbage nlnnts are snraved as soon as tho cab bago butterfly Is seen flying over tho nlnnts. the larvae of the cabbage butter fly will be killed before they Injure thn nlantn Usually the early spring broods are bo few In number that the gardener does not notice them In time to destroy tnern Charles Gnortyenr Discovered Vnlcun- irntion Wild Supply of Plnnt Insufficient Knowledgo of rubber Is as old as knowl edge of our country, for history records that Columbus upon his second voyage found the Inhabitants In Haytl playing games with balls of rubber, thus forming an Interesting association between the dis covery of America nnd the crude material which eventually was to prove one of the great bases of Industry in this coun try. It also Is i corded that shoes were made out of rubber three centuries ago, and that the Spaniards used It to smear their cloaks as a water resistant, that Father Charlevoix, the famous French Jesuit, In his travels, learned of and de scribed the bouncing of a rubber ball. Other French and Spanish explorers not ed tho peculiar properties of rubber. I-a Condamlno In 1736 called it caoutchouc, hy which name it is known in France to day. Later Priestly the English nhemlt, found that this clastic material coald be used to erase pencil marks, whereupon he gave it the name by which It since has gone rubber. Charles Macintosh, a. Scotch scientist, discovered that rubber was soluble In naphtha and used the so lution to spread between two layers of cloth to make a waterproof material. The progress of rubber In manufac- urc was delayed because of the Inherent difficulty caused by the softening and ackiness In summer and the hardening or cracking of the material In winter, and it Is to the work of Charles Good year that wo owe the process which over came these obstacle: and made possible the rubber manufacturing Industry of to-day. After years of patient Investi gation, great personal sarrlflce, and dis heartening failure, which brought out noble qualities of heart and revealed a mind nf integrity, he, while conducting t-ome experiments In Woburn, Massa chusetts, on a mixture of rubber and Milphur. carelessly brought the com- lound In contact with a hot stove. To his amazement, the nrbber charred In stead of melting, and thus in 1S39, the process of vulcanization, the curing of rubber, was discovered. The process was perfected tome time later. Based on the invention of Goodyear, the rubber manufacturing Industry has becomo one of the largest trades in the country, with an annual turnover of Jl,. snn.mn.om. Abou 70 years ago a Boston sea cap tain brought homo some clumsy rubber boots which had been made by natives of Brazil, and from that time until 1913. Brazil was the most Important sourc.o of supply of the raw material, the great Jungle forests of the. Amazon system yield ing large quantles of excellent grade rub ber. The natives of Brazil coagulated the latex by a smoking process, which pro duced a quality which remains the stand ard in the rubber world. Valuable auxiliary supplies were dis covered In various parts of Africa, Cen trai America and in Mexico, where the guayule phrub was found to contain a good percentage of a soft but useful rub ber. The health risks In the collection of wild rubber generally were so great that the crudo rubber business was called the bloodiest" industry In the world. The Brazilians had a practical monopoly of the crude rubber trade. Although de termined efforts were made to serure enough rubber to meet the rapidly grow- ing demand, yet the rubber world was beginnig to realize that supplies from wild sources would prove Inadequate when a new fartor entered Into the Mt- nation. So far hack as 1876. a British forester and planter named Wlrkham at tho In stance of thn government of India had brought the seed of tho Hevea Brazllien sls, or Para rubber, as It popularly was called, from Brazil to Kngtand. where plants were nrnnajrated at tho Kew Gar dens, London, and sent to tho botanical experiment stations In Ceylon and British Burma. The Malay States and Straltfl Settlements may have rerelvcd seed at tho samo time, but It is known that In 1S77 seedlings were, sent from Ceylon to Sing apore nnd other points. It was from these parent trees that seed came to Intro duco a great agricultural Industry, al though It was not until late In the nine ties that planters of Ceylon and tho fed erated Malay States began to reallzo tho Immense possibilities of cultivated rubber from a commercial viewpoint The Immense profitableness nf the busi ness so attracted tho European Investor that over 2,100,000 acres havo been planted, representing a total Investment of over $.100,000,000. Of this hugo sum tho Brltsh have put In $100,000,(XjO, and now have o virtual monopoly of tho crudo rubber Industry. America, consuming 70 per cent, of tho world'B rubber crop, has Invested about $15,000,000 or about three per cent, of the total, notwithstanding the fact that this Includes the largest slnslo undertaking In the middle east. Kdgar B. Davis In Leslie's. Washington, June 22. Senator Hard- Ing,', tho Republican presidential can- dldate. told a deputation of suffra-1 gists to-day that while ho could noti wnn propriety attempt to force any State 'to expedite action on the woman suffrage amendment, he would rec ommend ratification If any State au thority sought his opinion. The nominee's views were presented to a delegation of 26 suffragists from 21 States and tho District of Colum bia who urged the senator to nan his influence' to havo the 36th Stato ratify thn amendment. Some of tho women made veiled threats of supporting a thlr.1 party unless ratification of the amendment was completed through ac tion of n Republican Stato legislature. "I need not tell you of my Interest In the cnnsumatlon of the women's suf frage," Senator Ilnrdlng said. "1 voted for It In the Senate and a vote records a senator's purpose quite as faithfully as anything he may do. "Nothing would please me more than to have ratification made effective to give American womanhood full participation In the elections of next November. This deslro. sincerely spoken, does not conflict with my determination that 1 could not with propriety attempt to force any state executive to hasten action In violation of his own sense of duty. "There la a point at which full execu tive authority may approach a trespass on the rights of States and I should not want to trespass If I bore the commission of authority, and I realize full well that, so far, I am only a party nominee. In the. letter capacity I would not wish my party to believe m inclined to trespass or to assume to wield a club. If any State executive should ask ray opinion about extraordinary efforts to consum mate suffrage, I frankly will commend the thing yon desire, hut I cannot Imposo a demand, though 1 personally hope to s?c women's suffrage and women's full participation established at an early date." THE BURLINGTON MARKETS Wednesday, June 23, lD2rt. Home-grown peas at 25 cents a peck are In tho market now. Southern tomatoes are 40 cents a pound, while hothouse are 60 cents. Asparagus is going by, priced at 30 cents. Hothouse cucumbers are 15 and 20 cents each. New turnips are 2.1 cents a pound. Watermelons have, arrived and mado their first appearance, hclng quoted to day at $1.2.1 to $1,7.1 each. California cherries are 60 cents. Cantaloupes are 25 to 3-1 cents each. Strawberries, natives, are 35 and 40 cents, to-day, Wednesday. Tho price varies. New Florida peaches are 50 and 60 rents a dozen. Thero have been some Increases in the wholesale meat prices of late. Lamb, for instance has Jumped threo or four cents within the week past and Is now selling at 31 to 3R cents per pound wholesale, de pending, of course, upon tho quality. So, too, is it with beef, which has gone up a few cents. It Is to-day listed by the wholesalers at 26 to 23 cents, the best being usually 2S and 2S cents. WHOLESALE PRICES Beef, dressed, tb .27 Butter, lb .65 Kggs. fresh, doz Hogs. lb. -20 Lamb, lb -3 Lard, th .2S RETAIL GROCERIES Asparagus, home-grown, bunch .30 Butter, creamer', separator .. .65,'i.67 New cabbagp, lb 12 Carrots, new. bunch 15u.2i Celery, bunch Cucumbers hothouse, each lomf.20 Eggs, fresh, doz .60 Eggplant, each -'2,- Flour, bread, sack Flour, pastry, sack J2-10 Garlic. Ib -50 Lettuce. Boston ball, head .20 Maple sugar, tb d2?lja Maple syrup, gal J3.0OS3.50 Mushroom, lb Jl-1" Mint, fresh, bunch .15 Oats, rolled -07 Oleomargarine, lb 35.4.1 Olive oil. gallon $6 00rfif!.f0 or itva.12 J 1.30 J!. .OS .20 .0.1 .70 .2.1 .to ,60 .25 .20 :15 .l.ifr.22 .IS Parslev. hunch Peppers, green, each Potatoes, perk New potatoes, peck ... Radishrs, bunch Bice, lb Rhubarb, home-grown, th Spinach, pk Sugar, granulted. tb Southern tomatoes. Ib Tomatoes, hothouse. Ib Turnips, bunch Watercress, bunch FISH AND SEAFOODS Cod. Ib Pike. It) disk, lb. Flounders, tb Haddock. Ib Eastern white halibut, th Mackerel. It) Pollock, tb .. Rock end, tb Soft shell claims, qt SEalmon, lb RETAIL MEATS Baron tb. ., .65 Beef, roast, lb .45 Fresh broilers, tb .iw Chickens, roasting, lb ,60 Ducks, tb ,t5 Fowls, lb .ss Geese, tb ,40, Ham, sliced, fb 1 ,70 Lamb chops, spring, lb ,75 Lamb, leg, Ib v; Lamb, spring, forward quarter ,40 I.ard, leaf. Ib .no Poik chops, lb 401,4.1 Pork roast. Ib 325f.43 Salt pork. Ib .30 Sausage, pork, lb ,4a Steak, porterhouse, th .61 Steak, fJrloln, rt ,u) Steak, round, tb 50 Steak, venl, Ib a Turkeys, lb 7 .2S .15 .60 RETAIL FRUITS Almonds, th Bananas, doz Cantaloupes, each Red bananas, doz California cherries, tb. Figs. Ib. , Grapefruits, each Lemons, doz Peaches, doz Pineapples, each Apples, Oregon, doz Nuts, mixed, tb Oranges, California, doz Walnuts, lb Cranberries, qt Strawberries, home-grown, qt! RETAIL GRAINS Bran, cwt. .-. Cornmeal. cwt J Corn, cracked, cwt Drymash, cwt. J Feed, gluten, ton J Flour, bread, sack I Flour, pastry, sack I Hay, baled, cwt uvmeeu owe , Meal, cottonseed cwt Meal, cottonseed, ton Middlings, cwt. Oats, bushel Provender No, 1, cwt Whlto middlings, cwt Straw, baled, cwt ,so .30U.6Q .25ft .35 ... ."OB $1.00 .50,60 .60 .12. .KTtM .40.50 1V6.K0 .355?. 50 ,,. .751i$l.00 .40sim ,., ,4(Kh$1.00 .45(3.55 .20 .3.VU.40 I Infnrmatln,, r t nnl ran b ob- and second broods are allowed to appear.,, throush clai!Jtfled 6tu,ir. $3.25 $4.25 $1.50 $5.25 $85.00 $2.25 $2.00 $2.00 $5.00 $4.00 $0.00 $3.00 $1.45 $4.50 '$4.00 $1.25 XK1V YORK LIVESTOCK New York, June S3. BEEVES Receipts 1,67.1. Stron. Ster (12917.85: oxen 114; bulla $7,SO14.30: cow IS.SOfflS.ftO. CALVES Receipt! 1,20. Higher. Val (1401T.2S; cula $11913; ikirn milk calve $10011. F. D. ABERNETHY Head of Church Street. Business Hours: 8;J a. flb to S:30 p. m. New Clothes Of First Importance The Right Corset A frock or suit is as good as your corset makes it look the simplest frock or suit gains added charm over the right corset; the most elaborate gown loses its attractiveness over the wrong foundation. Be sure you are wearing the right corset before you buy your summer clothes; it is of first importance. And when you buy your new corsets, be mindful of this; natural line is still the vogue. Buy your corset with the idea f or-fontinir tVip nahiral hr.autv of vour figure. Buv the corset that will give you comfort, the corset that will give you poise and perfect body proportions without a momen'ts feeling of restraint. Permit one of our expert corsetieres to demonstrate the superiority of Gossard Front-Lacing Corsets;, her personal interest in your satisfaction will assure you the corset best suited to your needs. There is not a type of figure, however unusual or diffi cult to fit, but can be successfully corseted in GossaTds successfully corseted to wear any of the diverse vogues now so evidenced in the summer wardrobes, from flowing negligee of Egyptian inspiration to the bodiced French peasant frock with accented waist and bouffanthip lines. In spite of scarcity of materials and difficulties of present day manufacture Gossards are moderately priced and you will find beautiful models suited to your needs at the price you wish to pay. We offer every Gossard Front Lacing Corset With our guarantee that it will give you the unequalled service every wearer of a Gossard has a right to expect. Priced at $5.00, $7.50, $8.50, $10.00 and $12.00. SHEET AND LAMBS Receipts 3.S23. rirm. Shfp Srt.500.50, culls $4.506; lambs $U..r0SllS.5O. HOGS Receipts t.040 Higher. Llsht to medium weight ttl..10. heavy hogs $16 plgs.iSlB.2.1; roughs $13. NEW YORK OKA IV AND rRODCCE Xew York. .Tunc 23. WHEAT Ppet iM'.ler. Nn. 2 rod, No. 2 hard and No. 2 mlwd Durum $2.00 c. I. f. tra-ck 'New York export. CORN Spot fteady. No. 2 yellow $2.0.1 cost andi-frclght New York .Tune shipment. OATS Spot steady. No. 2 whlto $1,348) 1.3.1. LARD Barely steady. Middle West $20.50f 20 00. Others unchanged. POTATOES Steady. Prices unchange.l. CABBAGES Easier. Long Island, barrot, $3-1; Jersey, crate. SIGf.V IBfW SUGAR Nominal. Centrifugal 19.06c: refined steady: fine granulated 22 21c Futures were weak again this morn ing and after npenlnc at to to 100 points decllno on further liquidation, there was a partial rally on roverlns with prices at mid day about 10 points hlcher to 50 points lower. SPOT COTTOV AND IX'TURES New York, .Tune 23. Spot cotton quiet. Middllnc 3.25 Cotton futures cloed; July 36.222.1. Oct. 33.62fi.1; Dec 32.r,?iff 62 . Jan. 31.875? 02; March 31.41r50. CHICAGO PROniXK MARKKT Chicago. June 23. CORN July SI. 50; Sept. $1.71. OATS Julv $1.01; Sept. S3;c. Cash quotations: PORK Nominal. LARD $20.30. RIBS $ lT.'J.lfl) 18.2.1. CHICAGO l.IYKTOCK MARKET Chicago, June. 23. CATTLE Receipts s.nno. Heavy beef steers closed steady with Tuesday. Top M6.S0; others steady to 2.1c above Tuesday; I p yearllnss $10.60; bulk steers, all weights. 1 lfifklH.50; fat cows and heifers stronc to 21c higher; canncrs, cutters, ptockers and atves steady, common light bulls lower: others steadj IIOG.s Receipts 22.onn. Opened strong to 1.1c. higher, closed weak, fully 2.1c lower than e.arly. Early top $tfl.20; bulk, light and tight butchers. $1R 60fi l.10; bulk, 2S0 pounds. and over, $tt..10lD.S0; pigs steady; bulk $1.7,113..in. SHEEP Receipts 11,000 , 2,1c to ,10c higher, no western lambs here. Choice native lambs $17 bulk $lSir-17: choice year lings $11.7,1; Oregon wMhers $900.25; choice ewes $$; bulk $7tf?7.7.1; breeding ewes JRSplO. CHAMBER OF COMMERCE QfOTATIOVS OX B UTTER Roston. June 23. BUTTER Creamery extras ,1c, creamery firsts .1.1Q'57c; creamery seconds ,12fi5lc; creamery thirds 454c; dairy butter 15 50c: ladles 44 4.1c; renovated butter 5051c. BOSTON nUTTKK MARKKT Timothy $13"f,4.1. No. 2 eastern S37 No. 3 hay ssiOMe. clover mixed S.ISe fine hay $323.1. rye straw $2S30; straw $20'31 spring lambs 3133c, New Zealand 2 lings isiffc; mutton l.wjcnc; veal Me Ml LI., FEED Per ton. Spring b $391 .19 .10: winter bran $.19.300160: dllngs J63f67 mined feed $64.503167. red dng $7f..10. second clears $'?0..10 glu . . 1 , , O T . . i . I - I , . . . . 277' n, hitlle r.m,(n.l t .(! meal $73 S0(S7.r,0. OATMBA1 Per 00-pound sack: Hot lo.v.i; cut and ground $6.84 piir shipment rmTy n I lar, .ii ins., )u;ih regular, .jfi I $l.,inl 32 ONIONS Texas S0cfl:2.1 crt. TORK rPT-CTS Heavy backs hort cuts ? 13.10; medium backs S39.6 42.10: long nuts S 14.10. raw lejf 1 -4c; rendered icar ic; pure lard 22 dressed hogs lSB21c: lari-o -nlrs "ivffl" smaii -j''-'.c. T.niii 7.73 per ion lbs on track. Miuincrii ont.: swe.ee norameji s .." obi POULTRY Northern fowl 4445ci large fowls 40c; medium 3.1tgi36c; Btnall 3.an?r4 doz. .,08j ."te; old rooste.rs"3(K'2.1c. REFINED SUGAR The American quo sugar, granulated and fine as a. basis. J'.jc ror loo-barrel lots, less two per for cash. (Pornlshed by tho Associated Press) Boston. June 23. BUTTER Northern MQ5S4o: western 57i3Sc. CHEESE First cholc 2727V4c; firsts 23 26c. BOSTON r-ROnPCE MARKET Boston, Juno 23. APPLES Russets $.S?9 barrel; Ben Davis $f 7: Stark $4JtOr7; western, box, $3J1.75. BEAN'S Car lots, per 100 pounds: New York and Michigan pea beans $8R.2.1; fair to good $126.96.36.199; California small white $7.50T7.7.1; yollow eyes, extras, $11.50fi12: fair to good $10ill; red kidneys, choice, $150)15.2.1; fair to good $12014; California dried limas $120 12.50; Madagaa. enr $Si?9: peas $il(i?6.50; Jobbing prices 2,1(S!50e above car lots. HEEK Native sides 2720c: hinds St A 3rtc; fores 204r22cj medium steers 25R26V4c; hinds 31 ffi 33c; fores 1020c; cows 23Sr25c. CORN Kor shipment; No. 2 yellow $2.12 2.1.1. No. 3 yellow $2.108y2.12. CORNMEAL Per 100 pounds: Granulated $5.2.1, baited $.1.20; feeding $4.0,104.10; cracked corn $4.104r4 15; white corn flour $.1.2.1(1 5.50. whlto corn meal $5.2505.50; hominy grits and samp $188.8.131.52; cream of maUu $0.50. KGGS (-"ancy hennery and nearby 620 63c; pastern extras 5.1(Er.17c; western extras ,11&53c, western extra llrsts 411047c: west ern firsts 1301.1c, storage, packed extra firsts 47 SS l"c : ttorage, firsts 44046c. FLOUR Per tOO pounds, In sacks: Spring patents, special short, $15.2.1010; spring patents, standard, $184.108.40.206.50, spring tlrat clears $10.75013, hard winter patents (new and old) $13.10011.50, soft winter patents $14011.511; soft winter straights $13.50014; soft winter clears $11,5001.1.50. FRUITS Oranges, California. navels. (307.50 box; late Vulenclas $2.5006 50; grapefruit $2.5007 box: strawberries, na tive trays, 4O0.1Oo; Hudson River 2202Sc hox; Capo 25035c; Delaware 10023c blue berries 25030a; blackberries 250.10c; pine apples $50i6..1fl crt: cantaloupes, California, standard crt.. $1.50; pony cm., $4; fiat $1,7502; peaches, Oeorgla, $10i.5O per six bikt, carrier; watermelons ,10070c each. UXX AXD JUy. pur too, Mo, S T.U.. l . ... ...... qhln i.nnn,.. hi., t. l ...... . v.w. uiv.i i,, I, UC I, I. Iffl..,,t. , . . . ,b ,o .ti,a.u,L ii K(MMi jta.nu to- out unless ono. has ,t. sreenhou.se, as seeds require a hteh tPmperaturo -to ............ mv owinuip hii'H etu tri .... t . . i. : . i .. , ... amateur to miv tne nortec n'nntn rpi to set out. New York improvement bplnoless. up. in rich soil, two feot apart In stalk to prevent cutworm attack Spr by flea beetles, and potato beetles. soil surface often and bring; some s with fresh graFs or lawn trimmings. (in it u in tutiL i Lilt: l: iajwiiij- i 1 1 r iri with racs to small stakes. Cut fruits carefully when matured. f ie:r nepties ami nnnir nntnm npet attack eggplants persistently Keep surfaces-of leaves and stems covered wi from thA hnup thft nhnta Irfl set out SWEET PEPPERS - .....4 . 1. - V ueijLrra (li l.lvviiiiu iii'uitvm, ill.- o npnners are ton moro iic&irumu lur ua 1 UlltMllU, ll',V (.11, imuj JV.tte,, ,,.. to Is tho best variety. transplant t.ie juaniM in luu don. Lino tho rows IS' Inches apart and 5 tho plants 1.1 inches apart Hoe once week and mound a little sou around t MIUH 1IL t',11.11 .lull 11.1 lt!t3 infill klU to hold It erect. If tho plants are danger of hlowinR over, tie each wi raps or ratlin to a stake thrust Into t ground beslrio the stem. Cu' off fruits as they reach the desired mnturi green or ripe-red leaving; an Inch stem on cacu iruu. it rapcciiiuy tat fruits aro desired, pinch off the ends i in or.tncncs alter tno iirst oiossu have set. NEW CENSUS RETURN'S until UK iuii, iiuiin c w iriisus Mnsta. d Klf, PlifiiMifv rir. . AVI . Tn ia.nesv.uc, wis., incrcu&eft t-iiuei i tt w ' i f. nr nj .: im n i mi: i iirririL: iiiii a. ai ur oO.m J'l'l l (Jilt; 1UIIUI1, tmJJ, 19, v.ti Vviuniuiui, i t-inin , n, inn, umraru , ir 19.S per cent; Canonsburg, Penna, 10,6: increase 6,741 or 173.2 per cent, (A.HV Inrlurtori! Mnlnnn V V . 7ftf Colo., 3.5S1, Increase- 327, or 10.0 per cen "The climate, of Bombay," said IfllKlloil pv-iivwiuiM. in nil nail LildL lin i habitants live- elsewhere." mui a tutu, juu uu. i. uuiii e VHnfffl ion.