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. TH1? UUKLTNGTOIn FREE"PRES5 AND TIMES: THT3KSDAY, AUGUST'S, 19 ... t - t r :7. Tl'f UT3F.K.1 PHEK ritESS. three cents r-er cony, 71 eenl.i for six months, ll.BO por year, postnrr paid. Advertlfomcnti nnrt subscription received Rt the office, lfiu CoIIprb fUrcct. Full RU vertlslng rates sunt on application. Accounts crintiot bo opened for subscrip tions. Mubscrlbors will plense remit with nrder. Nnmfs aro not entered until PS' ment Is received, and all papers nre stopped at the end of the tlmo paid for. ricmlltnnce at the risk of the subscriber unless nindo by registered letter or by check cr poslnl order payable to tho publishers. Tho dnto when the subscription expires Is on tho nddrnss-labsl of each paper, ths chance of which to n subsequent dato be comes a receipt for remittance. No other receipt Is sent unless requested. The receipt of the paper Is a sufficient receipt for the first subscription. When a change of address ts desired, both the old and now nddrcsses should be given. llJItMS Jt.80 n year In advance RATI: IN CANADA ! WKEKLY $2.00 a year In advance ntKli PRi;SS ASSOCIATION, Publishers,' Ilurllnsrton, Vt. BURLINGTON, VT., AUGUST G, 1920. M'ANTKD When '-ou want anything, advertise In the spoclnl column of thN paper Pee pajrs two. , Some bnrjralns are offered there this week ! vhlcll It Will pay you In read about. a xr.xv history of vkumont Vermont ha3 not a few written his tories. These aro for the most part con flnod to earlier Vermont or to special periods or to particular subjects llko Benedict's history of "Vermont In tho Civil War." Our thinking men havo long realized that our State needed a. new history that should not only be com prnhacslve but should also bring tho record sf our commonwealth's develop ment and the activities of Verroonters thoroughly up to date. Mr. Walter H. Crocket has undertaken ibo task of proparm.v such a history an Dtat or.trmod. To this end he has gone to first authorities wherever possible. .nciudlnj- tiro Con-rrwwkinal library In ( town fortunate In securing for the -vVashlns.t.-.n. the rich Canadian archives 0f manager John B. Wright of at Ottnw and tho comprehensive. N. I KconBi Ni Ui) who haR ha,i a hard place J. SUtc worn noA volumes t Albany 1 fo n but nas SUCR.cdod n putting pub detUlng wi'.h th earlier Vermont and . ,i. -,. ,. i,ciny. basis In snito the doings of the fathers and mothers of oor commonwealth. Ho tn grtlor into the work with greater detail cm a vbole than any previous writer. He ui nearrjw Ing through all of th. lccMatlve cts and governor's mesrjgeB as well as reporta of congressional proceedings for tho actj of Vermonts Senators and Representatives In Congress, consult ing the files of Vermont newspapers and much contemporary historical and bio graphical literature that may contain data and material relating directly or indirectly to Vermont. It can readily be seen that the results of all this research must be a compre- ncnsive woriv mar. win nave xremcnaous ; value for all students of history, a well whole. In a prospectus Mr. Crockett shows that the history he Is preparing will comprise four volumes of about 480 pages ! ench ittnetlvelv IIl.istntPr1 with minv ' each attractively Illustrated with many valuable and Interesting maps, charts, ' historic buildings, places and portraits, ; some of which havo never before been i published. The first three volumes will be de voted to consecutive narrative history. The fourth volume will deal with special topics like legal and judicial history, medicine, education, religious denomina tions, finance, industry, agriculture, literature, art journalism and so pre. I For example It Is stated that Judge compllshed quite a good deal of road , Frank L. Fish Is writing the history '. work. What ho has done has been with I ...... . ., of the bench and bar. Dr. H. C. Tink- the idea of permanency. Until labor is 1 ham Is bringing thoroughly up to date'nore plentiful than It Is at present and 1 the history of the medical profession , In Vermont which the late and lamented , Dr. C. S. Caverly of Rutland prepared. I t.uuMiiu iiiuimcui ' Is od bo given to ' , 00v, , of each governor of , Special attention the administration Vermont irom that of Thomas Chit-1 tendon to that of Percival W. Cloment. ' All Important periods like that of tho ' tt. ... 1 Tar of 1812, the Canadian rebellion, the j Civil War, the St. Albans raid, the visits of Lafayette and various presidents to Lake Champlaln." Vermont's part In the recent World War, Admiral Mayo as ranking naval officer and Calvin Coolldge's nomination for the vice-presidency afford merely a suggestion of tho wide rango oi me worn and its completeness j railroads which will add to the Incomo t0 x,ntc' I t all the lines In the United Staics tho Tho topics under the heading "Rise gigantic sum of $1,500,000,000. Tho rall of Political Parties" from which wo take ( roads In tho eastern group have received 1 rew Illustrations indicato the Intense Interest with which the work will be Invested, Theso deal with the period of the French Revolution and tho negotia tion of the Jay treaty; Matthew Lyon's stormy career, Ira Allen's trip abroad, selzuro of the "Olive Branch" his Imprisonment, return and exile; em bargo, smuggling on tho frontier; beginnings of anti-slavery sentiment; rise and growth of tho protective tariff Idea; action of tho Vermont Legis lature asking for abolition in the Dis trict of Columbia; a Vermonter In Taylor's cabinet; rise of tho Republican party, the Morrill tariff; Lincoln's election; political conditions In Vermont j at tho outbreak of tne civil War; Edmunds, Morrill and Poland in tho re contructlon period; a Vormonter ns president; Proctor and Vermont ln the Spanish-American war; Roosevelt nt tslo La Motte when McKlnlcy was shot, Mid so on at great length. Ono of tho earlier features of Vermont history, which has remained a closed book ln Vermont histories has local Interest. The commission on tho boundary between Vermont and other States and Canada began Its sessions In Burlington In May, 1818. William C, Bradley, ono of tho most brilliant men Vermont ever produced, appeared before the commission as agent of tho United States with a commission from President Madison dated February 7, 1817. One of the commissioners was Cornelius P. Van Ness, who subsqucntjy became chief Justice and governor and minister to Spain under President Jackson, and left a name still familiar to Burlington Dr, Williams, tho well known historian and philosopher of Vermont was engaged by. our state to help establish the correctness of tho boundary. Ho reported to thn Statu that tho old lino cut off nioro than WW squnre miles of Vermont's territory The history of tho negotiations connected with tho settlement of the whoto "North cast Boundary" of tho United States Is contained In the six volumes dealing with American International arbltra, tlons. published by John Bassott Moore, former assistant secretary of State In 1S0S, pases S5 to 161. This Is but one nf a host of Illustrations that might bo used of tho wealth of material nt tho hands of Mr. Crockett. From long and lntlmato association with Mr. Crockett while ho was a member of the Free Press staff and later editor of tho Montpeller Journal ns well ns In his walks of life, as editor of tho University of Vermont publications and Vermont Publicity publications we havo no hesitation In saying that he Is eminently qualified for the great task ho has undertaken. Tho forthcoming history of Vermont will without question bo worthy of the historian as well as of the, Green Mountain State. COM.MIf.SION nOVK.HVMJ'NT , If argument Is needed to cause any community In Vermont or clsewhcro to turn to a commission form of govern- j ment, high taxes with Inadequato sorvlco to show for tho same, will afford that ar gument At one time Burlington held meetings to consider a commission gov ernment but tho project lapsed. Spring field, which has come to reprcsont pro gress In many ways In the minds of tho people of Vermont has Inaugurated this system and tho .Reporter sums up tho results as follows. "Sprtrvrfleld, the. first town In the State to try the town, or municipal manager form of government, has now given tho system a threo months' trral and has , ... ... , .m.u probably pnssed tho most dimcul. phase of changethat of organisation. Tito i of tiie opposition which, naturally, he hu had to encounter from those cxm stlrattantny opposed to any change, oven Tor the 'barter; from those resentful of a stnu.kerB h"vtng an office which possl- V. 1. -i .n . i f .Vtm nm'.tari find from auto. Both occupants of the car were ap othcrs who hold him responsible for the parently thrown through the windshield. fact that tho mlllenlum failed to dawn the morning after his arrival, although they have done their best to prevent any miraculous occurrence of that kind. How- i in. ..- .... . 1 uvu uciuci lilt: uuu; a-iiijy an.va lu . . . . , . , , . , , Ward of Rutland. The defendant was which he has been subjected nor covert i drvlng n large truck and Hooker a car I attempts to obstruct his work havo been j liago when the. troublo occurred. j ablo to stall the wheels of progress, I "Tho whole system has been reorganlz i Cd lnt dartme'"s and sub-dlvlslons. , , V. n t ....r..n.. , managed that bins are paid promptly ",E puul,c lUDas a,8DursTO wlln lno . sam5 attcntln to economy in cxpendl- ture that Preens in p'rivate corporations. . Nothing Is paid without an order from lnc town manager, who o. k.'s tho bills ana makes out the orders, which arc signed by the selectment. "Mr. Wright has shown himself to be very fair minded, open to advice and pleasantly approachable In every respect. He has exhibited good Judgment in his- appointment and, whllo he has been handicapped by high prices and the short- . ase of labor and materials, he has ao-1 road material more easily obtainable. highway Improvement will not bo rapid 1 &. c n.iiBiy muse whd Keep incir attention focused on that one thing as tv, ,,. , .... I tho only test of tho manager's efficiency. enough to satisfy those who keep their 1 The roads are not helnr- t,r-ir.t,i . 1 neither are many other matters quite ns Important." ' Taxpayers like to see permanence re - suit from the expenditure of public fund SnrinrrfloM'. t,,.-. ,,. . , . -- n.. .-. .t ub.fO UIIU er commission I government will be watched with general interest. I I The Interstate Commerce Commission has granted Increases In rates to the an Increase of 40 per cent In freight rates, ' whllo the South gets 2S per cent and tho West 35 per cent. People who travel by rail will pay about ono cent a mile ad ditional. Consumers aro beginning to reallzo that they are thus to help pay the recent Increase In wages of railroad employes as well as to aid In meeting tho gigantic railroad deficit resulting from government Inefficiency In opera tion and neglect of tho physical require ments of the railroads. Washington hears that Japan Is quiet ly closing the open door In China. Do you suppose for a moment that Janan would haVe dared undertake to undo the work nf lni.n 1 1 .. v i -nn..it in ih. White House? SlTOH IS 1.1FB (Arthur H. Folwell in Leslie's) In 1311': "Tho Kaiser says he didn't want the war; that It was' forced up on him." In 1915: "Tho old hypocrite, he make mo sick with his mclnself unfit Gott." In 1310; "Well, the world may be for getful, but It won't forget It was the Kaiser that started this war." In B17: "Hanging Is too good for that fiend, the Kaiser." In 1318: "They may not shoot him, but they'll put hlra away on somo Island, llko Napoleon." In 1913: "Say, when are they going to try the Kaiser? Will Holland give him up? Got a match? Thanks." In 1920: "I see the Kaiser had a little house-party on his birthday. Say, that Babe Ruth's some batter, isn't he!" About 1925: "Who was the Kaiser of Germany at the time of the big war? WUhelm, wasn't It? Or was his name Frederick? Where's he living now?" HIGHEST MOUNTAIN IN NEW YORK Tho highest mountain In the State of New York' Is Mount Marey, a peak on tho Adlrondacks, which rises 5.M4 feet above set level. Tho average or moan eleva tion of tho State, us estimated by tho United States Geological Survey, depart ment of tho Interior, Is 900 feet. FHKE I'nitSS WANT ADS PAY OISSY II THE STATE L Jl! ACCIDENT HALTS 'PHONICS , Telephone service between Lymlonvllln and Newport was halted for hours the other day because of a peculiar automo- b lo accident. A enr crashed Into a tele- phono polo severing a service wire. The J polo came down, hringlng with It a sec- Hon of the 'wires. The accident happened , near tho Lyndon station. The driver of the car, unfamiliar with Hit road, did ( not sco tTio south-bound Boston & Maine train until he wan nearly on tho cross- I Ing. He turned quickly and hit the dec- trie light polo with such force that It was broken off. The car was only slightly I damaged and the four occupants escaped with slight bruises and scratches. , SUES ACCIDENT COMPANY George Phillips of Cantlcton has brought suit In Rutland County Court to recover 3.iO alleged to ho due for compensation under (n policy for tie l'st by reason o' acrldent. Tho eomnanj li, tiie Voniv Accident company. A bride of five weeks was deserted In ' the railroad station nt Newport tho other day when Ernest Aldrich. 35, disappeared Just been mad; known, was robbed of an - '"7" "' "- " V. after telling her he would be right back. . Its platinum and equipment to the tune I "e hours of the day unlversal through They camo from East Broughton, P. Q., ' of about fSOO worth. Although the theft "tm.ho r't1?' A'.y'fh fl and were en route to their newly pur- ; occurred In Juno. 1919, the college author- J chaaod farm at East Rlchford. When a HIm made no announcement until lately. , drm'"lm,,z ",ec J,sf?rb'1 of. a t brother already at tho farm learned that , thinking It was the work of tho college "ur """" a"v specified tlmo by the tho newly mado benedict had disappeared. 1 students, but similar thefts at Harvard omUakm or misroadinc; of a, m. or p. m. he too went off Into the unknown and and other colleges have also lately been - " r pip emma of the authorities aro now looking for boil:. I AGED MAN KILL'ED , I Vnrti T-rvv wna 1 v miiAmnhn. i Thursday morning whllo crossing the j street in that village. He was drairccd , almost ICO feet before the car could he sloppod. 1 SEIZE SLOT MACHINE Charles E. Slmanton. a well known j resident of St. Johnsbury, was fined $2" i and costs of $12 95, admitting that ho was guilty ot owning and operating two slot , gambling machines. The machines were , being operato.-i at. McJndoes and Lyndon. vllle. TRAIN HITS TRUCK . When n train hit a truck at a crossing . In Old Bcnnlncton Thursday. Fred J, A'len and Mrs. Fred Moon or that vil lage were hurt, but not seriously. The locomotive hit the rear wheels of the SUES BECAUSE OF ASSAULT Charging that he was without provo cation choked and dragged about on the highway at Brandon, Joseph C.Jlookcr of that town has sued for $1,000 Butler L. DIES FROM BLOOD POISONING ijnunea L,uiisit-'j, h" u of hlood poSOnlng that developed from q Vtiitun nn ftnp fnrtt mnrln nv a Stone. Charles Longley, aged 11 years, Is dead VAT? RARRE MAN Ernest H. Hutchinson of Barrc paid a fine of $10 and costs in Rutland city court Thursday as the result of a col Islon In that clt wncn ho orced two automobile nspectors from uie secretary of State's office Into the ditch and narrowly cs caped running Into their machine. Hutch Insnn had no driver's license and was ( using number plates which belonged on another car. ! CELEBRATED DOC. DIES I Rrnre. the famous colllo dog ot Charles Turner of Rutland, whose master put up st'ff and successful fight last summer . 1 - 7 . a in A1 Vt old' ' T- ' J n na urnf' death sue- cumblne Saturday after a two weeks' illness and being burled with honors u"day- ,Th( ,dop JTas the. pal .f Turner. No blue ribbon winner in tho country ever got as much publicity as Bruce did last summer when Rutland i olUclals determined to kill him becauso ' t -II 1 n,.Mnl,.n(n In.V nf lUnn.n HIa maBtCr successfully hid him and appoaieu 10 uie luuus mi iujuuliinih. Chasing teams and automobiles were Brace's offenses, according to the city aldcrmcn last srnp;. He was denied appealed to the courts for Injunctions. nnorimr vnar'. llrpneo in llw. for which ' nls owner was willing to pay. But the loff-catchlng committee failed tofiine. tlon despite heroic eflorts, notwlthstand- 'ing the fact that Mr. Turner had I "btnlned a license for him In another town. Ho was kept out of sight until his tr!aI for llfe ln Rutland Cltv Court. when to offset complaining witnesses neighbors testified Bruco was the play mate of their children and the pet of the neighborhood. Bruce won. Metropolitan newspapers sent special representatives to Rutland and tho photo of the heantl- iui .wimmi npjieurca in many puunca tlons. VICTIM OF LIGHTNING Carl Blsbeo of Walttfleld. who a few days aK0 waH. sent 1,1,0 unconsciousness when hit by lightning und remained that way for 1.1 hours, was again sent Into uni-niibciousncss iam i nursnay evening by lightning. PAROLED, GOES BACK TO PRISON Bernard Fassett of Rutiund, who hod ui'i.-n iiarcueu oy (.rov. i' v. Clement after serving a portion of a sentence for orcacn or ine pehce, l:n:i been .'wrested on a Governor's warrant for violat.'on of his parole. WRITING VAIL'S LIFE Albert Hlgelow Palne, who wrote Slark Twain's biography, has recently been at Speedwell Farms at Lyndonville, prepar ing a biogri(phy of another famous Ameri can, Theodore N. Vail, late president nf the American Telephone & Telegraph Co., with whom Mr. Paine was lntlmatelv associated in tho latter jears of his life. SUES THEATRE DRUMMER Thomas A." Boylo of the Playhouse In Rutland has brought suit for $.V against Patrick Ward, a drummer, who, ho Charges, agreed to begin work In tho theatre July 12 and failed to do so, Ward Is now a member of the Strand the atre orchestra. EMBALMERS TO VISIT RUTLAND Tho annual meeting ot the Vermont Funeral Directors and Embalmers' nsso e'latlon is to bo held at Tlntlnn.i A, r., C and 7. Ono hundred and twentv-fivo gucsts are expected. Among the events will be a visit to the marble quarries at i-ruciur. CALEDONIA COUNTY LOST Tho census of Caledonia county made by the federal government us announced by the census bureau shows a loss of 276, or 1.1 per cent, the population being given as 25,755. In 1310 the population was 2G.031. GET TWO DESERTERS Frank Perrln and Harry Preseton were arrested at Rutland and Cornwall, re spectively, on Saturday, thought to be naval deserters, and were sent to Boston yestorday, PONHI SCHEME FAILED What Is thought to have been nn effort to estnbllsh a "50 per cont profit In 45 days," a Ponzl of Boston scheme, failed In Rutland recently when wary Italians ! shunned tlin m.-ent hrnuse he had no proper credentials from anyone. Now they nro said to ho wondering whether , they were, wise or not In vlow of tho publicity given to Ponzl'fl alleged million making, now under Investigation, KILLED BY DBUj Barnard Walker, aged 68, was found . " '"""j standing over him. The animal was BUp-1 poae(1 to bn harmless, and although the hull hnd no horns It had killed Mr. Walker hy bunting him to death. He went Into (he pasture to ratch his horses and when ,o did not return as soon as expected his nn went nft.- m.v h fmind the bodv. Help was secured and Mr. Walker's body was recovered Ho had been a life-long resident of Benson. ROBBED GARAGE Harry Dolgtn's garage at St. Johnsbury was entered ernlv Munrl.iv morning and 30 of his largest automobile tires were taken and til stolen from the cash register. His entire stock of tires had been taken from tho racks nnd plied near the door, but cvl-I ilrntly the robbers could not take them all. They gained entrance by breaking the lock on tho dnor and as automobile tracks were discovered It is believed the men made their rrcapc liv an automobile. Dolgin's loss will exceed Jl.noo. No trace of the thieves has been found STOLE COLLEGE PLATINUM irt.i.ii.t... i.i.niAHi to line published. The thoft took place while Prof. P. C. Voter of the chemiwry ds- partraent and Prof. A. R. Davis of the their vacations. Dn Yiiii rntllfn frflm i1q v.ar.Atton flit the beginning of the summer secnion, Prof, Davis went to the desk in which the platinum waa kept and discovered tho los. The metal was In the form of ap- paratu,. r.mclbles. wire and foil. FKLIi I'ROM BARN Julius Bride of Rutland suffered severe injuries when he fell 2T, fet from thn top of ono of the barns at the. Country club where he was working. His condition Is serious. LIGHTNING TOOK OFF SHOE During tho heavy storm last Friday night, Mrs. Zenas Klttrcdgo of Danville was htruck by a bolt which took off 1 her right shoo and left It In the middle of the room. Tho bolt entered tho house through the telephone wlro and Jumped from an aluminum clock to where she was sitting. It entered her left arm and passed down through her right leg and when she recovered consciousness she found her left hand and left arm badly I burned and her right foot bereft of Its j shoe. She was not seriously Injured aside ' from the burns. BABY HURT IN RUNAWAY Tho Infant child of Mr. and Mrs. New ton Page was badly bruised In a runaway the other day. Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Wood and Mr. and Mrs. Page, each of the wom en holding a baby were all thrown out of an express wagon when one of the seats dropped off, the horses beginning to run. But the only one of tho party to be In jured was the baby. FINDS HOXIE DESERTED ' Bert LaRosc of Rutland reported to the police of that city the other day that I Mrs. Winifred Rivers LaRose and their 1 14 months' old son had left town. Mrs. LaRose had left him once before, he said, and came back of her own accord. THIS AND THAT Playing with an axe, little Bernard Stone of St. Johnsbury Inflicted a gash on one leg. Dropping a stone at one of the stone sheds, Tod Doyle of Montpelicr fractured two of liis toes. Hitting a truck, Frank Smith of Springfield was thrown from his motor cycle and badly bruised. Earle, young son of Mr. and Bert McCullough of Florence was badly In jured when kicked by a horse. Edward J. Fenton has leased tho Auditorium at Bratth?boro and also Fes tival hall, outbidding Alfred J. Black, who sought the lease. Having mixed booze with gasoline, John Ouervin of Springfield lost control of his car and demolished a gasoline pump, followed by his arrest. Drawn In by a fast revolving wheel, one finger of Ettolr Pamlgoni's right hand was so badly ground by tho grlnd stono In a Harro stone shed that It had to bo amputated. THE STORY TELLER GREATEST EVER The suitor had stated his case In a few halting sentences. "But havo you achieved any success In life?" asked the adored one's fathor ' boy! Have I?" blurted the happy ' youth. "Why. didn't I make it clear to , " your daughter has promised to be my w)fe?"-r,ufta!ri Express. SIS KNEW HIM Katie was evidently feellnc omharr.is. sen ahout sorr.cthlni: prettily ao she told and sho blushed the sister of her fiance that she would like to buy a birth day present for him. "You know him better than I do." she said, "so I came to you to ask your advice." "Yes?" said her future sistcr-ln-law, Inquiringly, "What," went on the blushing Katie, "would you advlo me. to get?" "Oh, 1 don't Snow," replied the other girl carelessly, "i could only advise you n gmier.il termr. From what I know ot mm 1 "houid say he would appreclato nunuwiing mat he could nawn cnsilv." -Pittsburgh Chronicle-Telegraph. POLITICAL GENEROSITY "I am very much Impressed," remarked tho personage from abroad, "by tho ex treme generosity displayed mutually by tho gentlemon who designate themselves as Democrats and Republicans." 'I don't quite sen whero you get that generosity hlea," Baid tho somewhat rug ged person. "I am surprised that you should fall to note how Industriously each party points i ?ut to. the "'her exactly whero It Is mak- I . mosl s!rious mistakes." Wash- Ington Star. WHOLESALE CLEARANCE At the dinner table the other evening a member of the har residing In this vicinity said to his wife: "1 contributed grcss at gj, four of tho Alr Board's sta two dollars to-day to a fund to bury a i 0onB m Canada by the middle of Auguau poor lawyer." On of the Juveniles ln uie wmily Immediately piped up: "Dad. why didn't you give ten dollare and bury five of them?" STRONG FOR THE TRUTH He had been fishing, but with bad luck. On his way home he entered a fishmonger's shop and said to tho dealer, "John, stand over thero and throw mo fivo of- tho biggest of those trout I" 'Throw 'cm? What for?" asked the dealer, In amazement. "I want to tell the family I caught 'em, I may be a poor fisherman, but I'm no llar."-Lon-don Tlt-Blts. TWENTY FOUR HOUR DIAL Army System of Recording Time Abolishes MlitnlKht It Is posslhlo that London may try out the twenty-four-hour clock; that Is a clock with a dial marked 0 to 23 Instead nf from 1 tn 12. Already tho practlco f numberlnB the ll0Urs of tho day ac cording to this method Is In effect In i'rancn, Italy anu sumc uluui countries, and Is followed In Western Canada In connection with railroad time.. The British Home Secretary has appoint ed a commltteo to .consider tho ndvlsahll- Ity of adopting tho twenty-four hour dial and tho now Idea Is explained as follows In Tho Manchester Guardian: "Tho system of numbering tho hours of tho day from 0 to 24 Is no novelty. The astronomical day has always ben divided In that fashion and 0 with astronomers Is noon. In several Contl- , nental countries and also In Canada a j similar system was In use long before the war, chiefly Tor the purpose of rail- way tlmo schedules, though In all those ' everyday applications of the prlnclplo 0 represents midnight. With that ns a starting point thn hours arn counted as on the ordinary clock fare up to 12. Af- (er that 11 takes tbo place of 1, 11 ot 2, and so on up to 25 und tho reappear ance of zero. THE ARMY SYSTEM "In tho earlier half of 1918 It was de- army signalers. "Detailed instructlosa wore laid down for tho recording of time under the new system. It was always to be expressed tn four figures, the first two for tho hour, th secon for tho minute. Five past 3 !n tht morning, for Instance, was to be expressed as KiM never 3.5 simply. Half-pas, three in 03.30; four o'clock Is OfW. Transferred Into the corrcspond Imi hours of tho afternoon theso times would be expressed: Fivo past three as 1S.05; half-pasi 3 as 13.30, and 4 o'clock as 16.00. Five minutes to midnight be comes 23.55; five minute past midnight 13 UU.UU. Into this careful system the army Introduced yet another safeguard. To prevent rnlsnndorstandlngs and possibly to avoid tho appearance of so curious n.n hour as OO.OO-it was laid down that dis patches were never to be timed at mid night. From tho point of view ot the military message the hour was abolished. All communications were to bo timed as either 23.50 or 00.01. "This four-figure method is tho one used In most armies, but "the usual Con tinental tlmotables do not bother with four figures when two of them are un necessary. What military usage would term 08 ft, l, simply 8.5 and the cor responding hour of 'the evening Is 20 5 not 20.05. ' "Clocks the faces and mechanism of which are designated to record all the hours from 0 to 23, are In common use on stations where the system Is In force But tho ordinary clock can quite easily be made to record both twelve and twonty-four hour time by pasting a rib bon of paper around the clrcumferenco of Its glass In such a way that it does not obliterate the figures on tho face and then marking the hours from it m agalnrt the corresponding figures for the flrst half of tho day. The twenty-fnur hour system needs some considerable pauses for reflection before itvean be readily grasped by people accustomed to the older method and except for rail ways It is difficult to see that it has any advantage for civilian needs. WATCHMAKERS OPPOSED "Or.o finds no enthusiasm among watch and clock repairers for the idea of adopt ing tho twenty-four hour timo system In this country. They do not take the formation of a committee very seriously, think It a great waste of public money, that It has been set up at a most In opportune moment and that probably nothing will come of its conclusions. "Tho scheme Is altogether impractic able," sold ono of the leading makers. 'If It were decided to adopt tho twenty-four-hour clock we should at onco be plunged into a state of chaos. It would be easy onough to alter tho dial of a watch or a clock by putting the second set of figures in an Inner circle and printing them In a different color. The new figures, of course, would have to be In Arabic numerals, whether the first wore Arabic or Roman, and this would spoil tho distinctive character of most of tho watches. They would be hybrids. Even public clocks could be altered In this way, and we should have Big Ben transformed. Of course people would not bo able to see tho figures at such a groat distance, but the Inconvenience would be slight. "The troublo Is that with the pres ent shortage of labor .when our ordi nary repairs may take eight months, It would take about twelve years to alter all the dials, and you can imagine what confusion would reign meantime. At tho beginning of the war the me chanics were taken by tho government, as theirs were regarded as an unessen tial Job, and many of these men, having now been trained to mako scientific In struments, which pays much bettor vill not corne back tn our trade." FEW DIAL MAKERS "This authority mado tho surprising statement that tborc are only six ex pert dial makers in London. The alter ing of the tiny watenes would bo very difficult since the figures are already made as small as possible. If tho Idea should como Into force I am told that most now watches would havo tho twenty-four numbrrs pet In one circle, all In Arabic. "No ono rooms to know what would happen about the striking of docks, Tho gear would have to bo entirely al tered lo enable them to strike the twenty four strokes at midnight! Andi it Is sug gested that the most that could he done would be to have varying tones for tho two sots of hours." FOR I.-I.Y1NG IN CANADA (From the Now York Times) Landing places will shortly havo been marked out for cross country air flights all through Canada, after which it will be an easy matter for an airman to leave, say. Halifax and havo his route charted through to tho Pacific Coast of the Do minion, with landing places marked on his map at distances of about fifty miles apart, so that ho will know where to strike for If a forced landing Is Imminent. Captain Drummond nf tho Canadian Air Board staff has Just completed a survey of the territory between Winnipeg and Sudbury, near tho eastern end of the north shore of Lake Superior In Ontario, locating places are located along the lines of the Canadian National Railways. Tf (a rruiflnH ihnt fltrlriB' will Vu In niv. The station at Vancouver Is now In course of construction and machines are on their way. Mechanics are on the ground at Morley, Alberta, and the Rockllffe hanger, at Ottawa will bo open ed shortly. Classes at these camps will begin as soon as the necessary regula tions have been approved by the Cabinet Council. 1 LEISURE AT LAST "Thero goes a fellow who chased for years trying to land a political Job," "Well, what does he do now?" "Nothing he's got the Job." Boston Globe. $20,000,000.00 The Burlington Savings Bank Passes! the $20,000,000.00 Mark Incorporated T 1 1847 f Deposits Sarplne Araeta lSBf) B.S4 I860 III14.ST 1870 ll.81S.JI 710.11 mt.iBo.ts 1I26S,7.B5 41 187, 1880 fi09M $43,238.43 $130,848 $2,121,207.U $170,238.51 $7,000,561.09 S330l6&S37 $7,331,246.46 "mo I' gPjgi61.88 $832,876.95. $12,871,338.83n:v Stttv 17T92B" r V $18,422,729.15 $1,850,000.00 $20,272,729.15) 1847 Seventy-Three Years of StabiUty-4920 C3L-P. Smith, President P. W. Wart; Vlee-Presraenr ' P. W. Perry, Vice-President E. S. Isham, Treasurer Levi P. Smith, Vice-President C. E. Beach, Assistant Trea $20,000,000.00 To Those Burlington's largest trust company of fers you State bank protection for your savings. $1.00 or more will open an account. Interest on savings de posits compounded semi-annually. Burlington Trust Company 162 College Street, Burlington, Vt SINCE JAN. 1, 1914 the Winooski Savings Bank has paid Interest for seven semi-annual periods at the rate of 4 per cent per an num, for four semi-annual periods at the rate of 44 per cent per annum and for two at 4 por cent per annum. Such other dividends will be paid from time to time as tho law permits and tho condition of the bank warrants. OFFICER Si f Emory C. Mower, Pres. Robert J. White, Vlce Prcs. IIolllH E. Gray. Treas. Henry M. Baldwin, Teller. Harry R. Wlshart, Toller. Winooski Savings Bank "1 V4 ytuni of No. 11 Wlaooakl Block. 4 $75.00 $75.00 $75.00 THE AVERAGE DEPOSIT Of all depositors may not be largo but such an amount to your credit would help to give you confidence that hard times with lower wages or even loss of your Job would not mako you go hungry. Many large deposits were first very small. The first deposits may come hard, tho nest will be easier. Save now. Rink open rgular hours, also Monday nights from seven to eight. Home Savings Bank, aKlr C. XV. Uronnell. Pres.. Cluronce I". Chittenden County Trust Co. Burlington, Vermont. Co-operation That Helps There's a broad spirit of co-operation between this bank and its cus tomers. It is this co-operation which helps our customers to be successful in business. We are here to help, not solely to act as a depository. DinECTonsi E. J. Booth Jonn J. njnn It. A. Cooke E. I THE WORLD'S RAINFAMj The total annual rainfall upon all the land of the globe amounts to 28,547 cubic miles, according to the United States Geological Survey, aepariment oi uie in terior, and of this quantity 6.524 cubic miles drains off through rivers to tho sea. A cubic mile of river water weighs about 4,205,650,000 tons and carries In solu tion an average of about 420,000 tons of foreign matter. In all about 2,733,000,000 tons of solid matter Is thus carried an nually to the ocean, la your householo run on tho budget plan? A careful study of the ads will gl. you Immediate knowledgo of buying op portunltles and will help materially to the weekly balancing up. V tt,T.4 31 3 $2.291.445.62? Who Save TRUSTEES. Emory C. Mower, Robert J. White, Chas. H. Shr man, Kranfc HL Blgwood, Holllz B. Gray, Guy W. Bailey. Homer E. Wright, Wm. E. McBrlde. oceeaarul buataeaa. Winooski, Vt. 4 Cow lew, vpc-rre C. S, flromicll, Treaa. i;. i-. nooannry j. s. Patrick Ochharnt J. II Mtcomber EVERYBODY AGAINST HIM to Miss de Vlllers? Second youth No, the family against It. r irat vouin now annuv inn venn lady? family, you know. Houston rott. HARD-HEARTED WIFE li n uiimuu lu ircai nio mip hup. "Why, Archibald?" "You kissed m IT A .... t.l .l A A lit.- ILU goou-ny wnen i went away to war. "When you left you told mo you wer from tho buttons, helmets and othc things you broucht bark you were onl 4456 Herald.