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U ' n . II Rules of the Air Easy To Follow Many Accidents From Carelessness Rules Not Legally Enforceable. CHINKING of going In for flying this summqr? Don't do It If your only motive Is a desire to get Into an element where there are no rules of the road, where every rider Is a joy rider, and where the only traffic law Is "I should worry." True, there are as yet 110 celestial trafllo cops or heavenly go-go signs. And the first air scout has yet lo re port that any of the clouds have re stricted parkin? areas. Hut there are road rules, nevertheless, and the avia tors of today are devoutly hoping that the aviators of tomorrow will remem ber and respect theso rules in .1 great er degree than do many motorists re par d the rules of .the road on tcrra flrma. What typo of aircraft are you think ing of buying? Do not overlook the meek and bulky blimp, even though Its parage docs require a back yard that Is several times as big as the kind that is 'required by an airplane. The blimp seems to recommend Itself as the ideal type of craft for tired busi ness men, doctors, clergymen and oth er professional men who arc tradition ally expected to bo absent-minded. It also may be strongly urged as the suit able boat for elderly ladles, or for children of twelve or fourteen. Blimp Has Kil'.lit Or Way Because, you see, the blimp always has the right of way over llio plane. uy Fit i-:iK kick. jki:i:n juiinsun Thus the balloon pilot never has to worry. If lie sees an airplane coming toward him or about to cross his path, as to whether It would be wiser to throw out tho clutch or to step on the accelerator. It is up to the planu pilot to do the worrying, and to make a wide detour. A11 the blimp bas to do Is to keep right on going, without al tering its course or speed. That makes it easy to bp a balloonist. Uniform Rules Tho traffic, rules of the air lanes are uniform nil over the country. They are not lengthy enough to fill a book, either. Learning how to behave to ward one's fellow man on heaven's er yards from any part of another air craft. "When two motor-driven aircraft are meeting end on or nearly end on, each shall alter Its course to the right. "Where by'any of these rules one of the two aircraft is to keep out of the way, the other shall keep Its course and speed. "Every aircraft which Is directed by these rules to keep out of the way of another aircraft shall, if the circum stances of the case admit, avoid cross ing ahead of the other." Those are the cardinal rules of the game. Other safety measures ad vanced by the air service follow as corollaries, and nre simply applications of plain common sense. For instance: "In following an officially recognized aerial route every aircraft, when It is safe and practicable, shall keep to the right side of such route." Further more: "Aircraft on land or water about to ascend shall not attempt to take off until there is no risk of col lision with alighting air craft." It's not so very different, after all, from piloting the old lllvver. And there Is tho wonderful advantage of not having to l6ther about deep ditches and narrow country lanes, Afl- sttung wind is blowing and the tether is thus pulled at on angle from the vortical. It constitutes a nasty trap. During the war, for example, a plane pilot under training In this countrv went blindly against tho tether of n captive balloon and tho blimp shot up ward to twelve thousand feet. Its ex plosion was imminent when the oc cupants managed to release some gas. and effected a descent. Hut the plane pilot met his death, for the tether had neatly cut off his right wing and he crashed with his machine , a dead weight. Visibility of captive balloon tethers is now Insured by attaching a number of tubular colored streamers, familiarly known as sleeves, which warn the pilot to keep away. Landing Plane Cannot Alter Course Danger of collisions between planes which are landing and those which are (liking off from the same Held, if thee processes are attempted simultaneous ly by the two pilots, is not fully ap preciated by the non-tlylng public. This peril, which Is guarded against by the last one of the rules quoted, arises from the fact that a plane which is WHPiiMHEMVi lr f If kl l r o mmwK'' 'mmc'ij rtlJLLO j . -Ssr? , '' 'SjB fiffeij$ j 7' yards from any part of another air- Is considered part of the balloon. from aircraft In tho air Is forbidden"' 'iU' ' dMW f ' t 1 "?5OTSr ? ('raftl The strand Is dltllcult to see from u Pilots are admonished to "real'ze "W-a fSBfeS $k k v ' ""i"'r VKSKps'-'i- . "When two motor-driven aircraft swiftly moving plane, and when a their responsibility toward others, and fk ' --...WCKit ffmft3' -nre Irpetlng end on or nearly end on, strung wind Is blowing and the tether except In case of forced landings must -' . t K'i jffk l f? C mmSiMm " ' ech Hlmll alter its course to the right, is thus pulled at on angle from (he not attempt to land In (small Holds ' Xm m Q i.i-Sr'-' . T '- . 'iSfiri 'ni)fM "Where by'any of th pse ruls one of vertical, it cons'ltutes a nasty trap, where poor pilotage or sudden failure llw.. y -' ?! ' ' ' ' ' .' v f t '' 'vA-k Zi i -. "'e two aircraft is to keep out of the During the war, for example, a plane uf motor might be the cause of death !-2rv51' T -C ' . M3 w except In case of forced landings must not attempt to land In (small Heidi where poor pilotage or sudden failure uf motor might be the cause of death nr Injury to s pectators." Low rijlug Out Cities PorlHililen Low Illng over cities or other thick- 1 ly populated districts Is foi bidden, ex-' cejit where altitude is more than slltll- 1 clout to Insure gliding distance lo a pullcoil or safe landing field. Trick am; exhibition Hying are permitted over cities and crowded districts, and at meets and games, only on prearranged occasions and with speclilv authoriza tion. I have tho qualities which make up the A uniform system N recommended iCean sportsman. Most of America's by the air service for marking all k.w t0(lav, uro ex.em,.0 men, fa. landing Holds "t night, so that themUar w, h fl , , , Iiroper site and direction of apptoach . mav be recognized by any pilot wlsh-l1,0,h rlU(,1 '"vrlten. ing to land after dark. Floodlights ale 1 Many Jti'cruIN Cor Air (iame recommended for marking a night Hut a new element of the Hying pop- landing, l'aillng these, it Is suggested that six or seveti buckets, containing waste .soaked in gasoline, be used as illation is beginning to make Itself manifest. With the war lostriotlons against civilian Hying no longer In of- highway.s Is 1he easiest part of becotn-j mud holes and .sand holes, some 1110 ing a cloud-jumper. Tho whole thing I torisls will feel that mere air holes is fiimmed up In six sentences. Here must be preferable. For air is the In aro tho Fnlted Ktates rules of the air, Mended element for the plane and the as adopted by the army air service and 'balloon, while many a byway, and even submitted to all lllers, whether or not I many a highway, certainly was never in the service: I meant for automobile tranlc. tragic experiences with ruts and ,.l))011t t0 liini, ms ()st so .,, of tts l.licukir to the direction of the wind The Kiiles "Xo pilots shall Hy closer than two bundled yards to any dirigible, free or captive balloon, "Ughter-than-ulroraft will at nil times have the right of way over hea ler-than-alrcraft. "A motor driven aircraft must al ways manoeuvre according to these rules as Mon as it is .apparent that if It pursued its course, it would pass at a distance of les- than two hundred Violations Are, Frequent Hut the rules above mentioned, ob vious as they seem to be, have not always been followed. Ask any man who has been through a Hying school, and he can cite a violation of every one of them In his own personal knowl edge violations which have ended, ev ery one of them, In a tragedy. The rule for avoiding cnptl balloons by a margin of two hundred yards Is not easy to comply with, since the tether speed that It o.mnot alter its course. and the long side of the I, points to Once the pilot has selected his binding . ward the direction from which the and is approaching It, he can landlundlng should be approached, In or there only. So If a plane darts across I dor to land facing the wind. Hares. They are pi iced on the Held 1 feet, the schools ale re-opening, and neaT tho best landing, in the shape of (many young men and some voung a giant if tier 1,. The base Is purpen- women, too are going In for t lie great air game. The more venturesome are In quest of the exhilaration and tho raie thrill of "stunt living." and are learning many of the same tricks that needle to "forty," Yet they are per fectly safe, perfectly competent driv ers. In many respects they arc safer than the experts who "lot 'er out to sixty-live on the stretches." When the present development of the airplane Is better recognized, and more especially when the manufactur ers have remodeled their war plants and are able to put out machines whereby normally unnecessary flexibil ity and stunt capacity give way to greater trustworthiness and comfort, these safety-first motorists may ho ex pected to feel tho lure of the sky, and start showing up at the Hying schools. Hut it would be only natural If tho motor car dare-devils of today the the Held and gets In the way, the de scending pilot Is helpless. At one of the Hying Helds, during war training, a student pilot forgot this rule, mis judged the approach of a descending pJane, nnd attempted to take off. Tho other machine landed squarely on top of his, and Its propeller chopped him Into small bits. The rules of the road In cloudland aim to give duo protection to the under These regulations concerning 11) lug In this country are not at present legally enforcable. It is not known whether they will bo. They are ad vanced by the army tilers simply a measures that are to lie voluntarily observed, because they are necessary to minimize and eliminate accidents. were developed at sui h frightful costlb.ine of the trallle, cops, of the road In the Hying schools of the war, and over the battlefields abroad. ".Stunt Hying." however. Is not an essential part of aviation, no matter 'constitute the one great danger that builders and of the decent automobll- ing public would beat them to It. The automobile road hogs of today how much the sportsman-tiler may in sist that It Is the only Hying that is worth while. "Stunts" are to aviation Ju.st about what racing Is to motoring. both to the tilers above and to tlit? Hundreds of thousands of American walkers beneath. men and women are piloting their mo-' t he spontaneous and voluntary adop- Many bird-men believe that a" long tor cats through crowded city streets , t ion of the rules of the road in cloud- Hying "the king of sports and the sport of kings" may bo besmirched. Meantime, the cleanness of the fly ing game Is being jealously guarded by Its present exponents, who Insist that dog. Xo member of the non-Hying as the sport of aviation maintains its ,e ery week day. and taking cross-coun- land, by all operators of aircraft of public will quarrel with this one: "The dropping of anything other than bal last composed of flue sand or water presen clean status no compulsory ! try spins on Sunduys, who would never every description, is logical and neces legisi.i'ioti w.ll be required. They con- 'Munk of stepping. 011 the thro'tle hard isary to insure the proper development tend tha to be a tl . r on. must needs enuugh to bring the speedometer of the great game. A Flying Star Overalls for ' Active Work-AGood Tal isman Jack An Aviator Latest Recruit. , BOItOTIlY DAITOX, star in Para mpunt pictures, Is an ardent avla trix, never missing a chanco to fly. ller Hrst air trip was a long one ps she Hew from Xew York City to Albany. Hcccntly, in a forty minute flight over Manhattan, she was insured for $100,000 for the duration of the flight. Miss Dalton has recently signed a contract with the Famous I'layers Iasky Corporation, ller first picture under the new arrangement will be a s'crceh version of Sir James M. Harrlo's "Halt An Hour." following which she will bo seen In "Guilty Of Love," and ' "A'ltomantlc Adventuress." the first from a play by Avery Hopwbod and the spcond from 11 story by Charles Hclmont Davis, brother of tho late Richard Harding Davis. . JUnrjorlo Daw Whether tho overalls movement be comes popular or not It is a cinch that Mnrjorle Daw, movlo actress, has tho right Idea when she advocates wearing 'cm for motoring, "Overalls for motoring allow free dom and besides being a real comfort they arc economical," said Miss D.nv. who Is Marshall Ncilan's star in "Don't I2ver Marry." "When you've sot to crawl under your car or you'ro. put tering .around, you need have no fear for your clothes when you're wearing overalls." Doris Keniio, Porls Kcane, who Is pictured a'bovo with her pet monkey, Adellna, has' no superstitions, neither docs she believe In charms, but sho always car- 1 lif mm 7 mm 4l Y i 1 ""- umt fMMl rled around with her a bit of paper, neatly framed, on which Is written: "This Is not a good play C. F." The "C. F." Is in tho Initial signa ture of Charles Frohman: It was under the management of Mr. Frohman that Miss Kcane played on the stago for a long time, and it was to him that tho play "Romance," by Kdward Sheldon was Hrst submitted. Ho wroto that comment over the play after ho read It and later it came to Miss Koand's attention. She liked tho piece nnd dis cussed its possibilities with her man agers and Mr, Sheldon, It was pro duced and it was in that piece that she won her greatest success. This is the story from which tho Fnlted Artists' production for the screen has been madu and which marks Miss Kcano's Hrst appearance beforo tho motion picture camera. For a season It was the rage in New York, then .It played two years in Chicago, then a season In Hoston and after that It was taken to London, whore it played nearly four years, Onu never knows thcsF days, Miss Keano says, nnd I keep that slip of paper In my dressing room always. It's my good talisman. Alma Francis Alma Francis, the winsome star of musical comedy and vaudeville, who has enchanted audiences from coast to coast, is the latest recruit to the silent drama. The recent musical comedies In which Miss Francis Is best remem bered In tho prima donna rolo arc "Tho IMnk Lady," "F.va" and "Tho Fascinating Widow.'-' Tho spring found Alma Francis In 11 single vaudovlllo act and this summer she will appear In 11 pretentious mlnla lure, musical comedy, Karly this fall Miss Francis will commence actual work on motion pie turo productions for which sho has been engaged, and so the thcatro au diences of America who have seen her herotofor on the musical comedy and vaudeville stage will have tho op portunlty of seeing her on tho screen as well. Mil 1: lici t llcll Hert Lytoll In "Alias Jimmy Valen tine," Tho reformed cracksman, who has prospered in honest work In a ban!;, is trapped nt last. Ho has been shadowed by Detective Doyle (Wilton Taylor), who Is not quite sttro of his Identity. The little sister of the plrl Jimmy loves has been accidentally locked up in a safe Npbody has the combination and tho child Is smother ing to death. Jimmy, the master safe, breaker, sandpapers his fingers so that tho old sensitiveness of touch will re turn, and, although knowing thnt the detective will recognize him by his act, works the safe combination, saving the child's life. Doyle says, "Cut it out Jimmy: come along," as Jimmy bids f.irowell to his sweetheart. Rose Lane, the daughter of tho bank president, played by Vola Vale. Jack Pick ford Flying from Los Angeles to New York every few weeks in order that he may spend "between pictures" va cations with his wife Is but one of tho many plans of Jack I'lckford since he purchased his "suicide ship," as he terms his new aeroplane. "Flying is like anything else." explained this youthful Cioldwyn star as he slipped , nto his Hying togs before taking a hop over the studio, "all one needs Is a lit tle practice." So with tho aid of Lieutenant Locklear. the reckless dare-devil aviator, Jack Is becoming an expert navigator of the sky and has mastered most of tho difficult stunts known to aviation. Ten years ago Jack Plckford was earning five dollars a day working In mob scenes for the old Blograph Company under the direction of D. W. Orimth. Later he went to Cuba with Thomas If. Incc to mako a scries of pictures. At that time Inco was prac tically unknown in the 111m world. He lias recently tlnlshed his first Goldwyn picture, "The Little Shepherd of King dom Come." in which he portrays 'the part of Chad, the mountain boy. Mr. And Mrs. J0I111 Fmcrson John 13merson and Anita Loos, noted photoplay authors, are at work on a new First National photoplay for Constance Talmadgc, to bo followed by thrco more. Some of their most not able achievements aro "A Temper mental Wife," "A Virtuous Vamp," "In Search of a Sinner," "Tho Love Export" and "The Perfect Woman."