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The Cordova Daily Times
^ VOLUME H. NUMBER 576. CORDOVA, ALASKA, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1916. PRICE TEN CENTS 1ST PROTECT . INDUSTRIES NEWARK, Oct. 28 - In a speech here today Charles E. Hughes told an audience of farmers that America could neither have peace nor security so long as she was unprepared to maintain unflinchingly the known <ight of citizens on lend and sea. Mr. Hughes said that to prevent business depression when war ends it would be necessary to apply sound Republi can doctrine for the protection of Am-, erican industries. ROCHESTER. Oct. 28. — Charles E. Hughes left this city today and will continue his campaign throughout Now York state. WILSON OUT IS OBSERVED BT LONG BRANCH, Oct. 28. — Making his rnotto one of co-operation. Presi dent Wilson spoke at the principal meeting of a series of gatherings ar ranged by the Democratic national committee in celebration of Wilson day. He spoke for woman suffrage and declared that the American law has not kept pace with American sen timent. — * is m FAIRBANKS, Oct. 27. — Judge Charles K. Bunnell, of the United States district court, has held the eight-hour law enacted hy the last legislature, making eight hours a day's work in the plater mines, void in that it did not conform to the Organic Act 1 under which the legislature was cre k ated. The court's decision was in the ease of the United States vs. Howell and Cleveland, the Hot Springs operators who were indicted hy the Ruby grand Jury. Members of the local liar generally agree that the reasoning of the court is sound, and that the decision will stand. judge Bunnell dismissed the indict ment, and discharged the bondsmen of the accused. PANAMA OPENS I NEW POST ON WASHINGTON, Oct. 28. — The re public of Panama has opened a new port on the Atlantic, coast, about 80 miles from Colon, and begun construc tion of a government building there. The port is named Mandinga, and is located on Mandinga bay in the gulf of Ran Bias. It has an excellent har bor, with deep water and is only a short distance from important Man ganese ore mines owned by an Am erican syndicate. Nearby is the site of a town to be named Nleuesa, to be developed under a government conees sion granted to an American who hat long resided in Colon. -- -♦ -- big gold imports, new YORK, Oct. 28. — The totu gold imports from all sources since the beginning of the year is $365,000,000. --♦ SULZER SPOKE LAST NIGHT AT SEWARD SEWARD, Oct. 28. — Charles A Sulzer addressed a good sized crow, at Arctic Brotherhood hall last night He attacked the record of Delegati Wickersham, and defended Colone Richardson's road work. -♦ But nine days until election. ri ..... >0* TUETONS MAKING GAINS BERLIN, Oct. 28.—The war office announces that the Teutons won a victory in the Dorna Watra region and cap tured several heights from the Russians at the point of the bayonet. They took five hundred prisoners on the northern frontier of Roumania. The Teutons captured from the Rou manians the height in the region south of Kronstadt and ex tended their advance in Partzuga valley. The Teutons, Bulgar ians and Turks continue their pursuit of the Russians and Rou manians in northern Dobrudja and are meeting with little re sistance. Five hundred isolated soldiers and much war mater ial was captured. WASHINGTON, Oct. 28.—The British reply to the Ameri can representations against a commercial blockade has been re ceived and it is understood it reiterates t ho content ion of the light to blockade, but offers methods of relief to Americans. ZURICH, Oct. 28.—It is reported that a bomb dropped bv an allied aviator killed an engineer on the kaiser’s train. PETROORAI), Oct. 28.—The Teutons have launclie series of violent attacks against the Russians and Rouimm ms on both sides of the river Bvstritsa, in the region of Dorna Wat ra, compelling the Russian advanced positions to abandon two heights. PARIS, Oct. 28.—The French troops captured bv hand grenades the quarry northeast of Fort Dominion! at Verdun. HOW ASSOCIATED PRESS COVERS ELECTION RETURNS NEW YORK, Oct. 28. — Flash: — •-—-Is elected: On the night of Tuesday, November 7. the missing name In the foregoing sentence will be supplied by the Associated Press. In the business of news gathering as developed by this world wide or ganization, the first word sent over the wires telling of any extraordinary event is "Flash.” It is the signal of a thrill. The ordinary routine «f the Associated Press bureaus and their hundreds of newspaper members is often punctuated with the “Flash." Operators from Bangor to San Diego, from Tampa to Tacoma, tighten their lagging nerves, and editors come scurrying to the wires to hear a pope is dead, a Titanic sunk, another eoun- | try at war. a Eusitania torpedoed, a ; battle won, a king deposed, or a presi dent elected. This latter thrill has a recognized periodicity, like the passage of a comet, and the experience of it is ; again imminent. Within a few hours after you have scratched your ballot, the Associated Pres* will have flashed the verdict which you and sixteen mil lion fellow voters have rendered — will have flashed it perhaps within a few minutes after the last of these sixteen million ballots has been drop ped in its box in some of the western states, where three hours difference in time make* late the closing of the polls. How, In this brief time, anything ap proximating an accurate accounting of of these sixteen million votes can be achieved, the returns assembled, and the result made known throughout the land is a process both simple and mar vellous. It is true, of course, that all of those sixteen million votes are not counted, but when the Associated Prnuu antmunitoo tko nlool Em an nouncement will be as trustworthy as if they were. The garnering and distribution of returns this year will mark one of the , greatest co-operative efforts that has I been made on any similar occasion to ! accomplish this purpose. In previous | elections the Associated Press, rely : ing more largely on Us own resources, •has done notable work in the prompt and accurate reporting of the election figures. In the Roosevelt-Parker con , test of 1904 the organization was able not only definitely to announce the result, but also to indicate the full extent of the victory as early as eight o’clock on election night. Equally re markable service has been rendered ! in other elections, and the value of the Associated Press’ figures has been ! such that defeated candidates them ! selves have, on the strength of them, sent their telegrams of congratulation to their victorious opponents. The service has been such that it has in variably brought to the executives of the organization a flood of telegrams on the day after in tribute to the "comprehensiveness," •’speed" and accuracy with which the work has been done. This year it is possible that all records will be broken, for the Associated Press has for the com ing election enlisted the co-operation of Us members from coast to coasl in a more concerted effort than evet • before. More than two year* ago prepara tions were begun, under the dfrectior I of the genera! manager of th« Akho elated Press, to ‘‘cover’’ the newi > which will be served to the public or t the night of November 7. Election ex perts of the organization have during these two years canvassed every stat< in the Union and arranged with paperi ' - - - •. v -life,a of each state to work together on a eo-operative basis under the super vision of the established Associated Press bureaus. Thousands of special forms have been prepared for the systematic conduct of the service, thousands of typewritten sheets dis tributed listing candidates and show ing votes four years ago as a basis of comparison, special correspondents appointed and special wire facilities arranged for this particular work. In the collection of returns, the country Is everywhere made the unit, i and it is the purpose of the system to hear definitely from every election district of the more Important states. ! In New York alone these districts number 5,700. In Illinois there are over 5,000, and in other states a pro- j portionately large number of districts to be heard from. Taking New York ■ state as typical of the system that will be followed in principle at least 1 by other states, the service there is worked out broadly as follows: Having arranged for some compe tent man to take charge of each coun- | ty up state and for co-operative effort with the New York City News Asso ciation for the collection of the metro politan returns, the New York head sociated Press was only 79 votes at ' variance with the official count. In a Massachusetts state election last year the Boston bureau scored a re I cord by announcing the returns only three votes off from the official fig ures. The election machinery of the As-, sociated Press is at work in all the states, but it is developed to its high est pitch of efficiency in the states having the largest electoral votes and the,smallest average of consistency In presidential years. Given a definite line on New York state, on Massachusetts, which is tn- ! variably prompt, and a reflection of the vote in the Central and Western states, where a difference in time is a handicap to early returns, the result j of the presidential election may be pretty definitely announced at an early hour and often the full extent of the victory Indicated, so accurately has the guage of election figures been fixed by previous experience. Knowing with a near certainty whe ther it is Wilson or Hughes w'ill be sufficient for the throngs at the bulle tin boards on election night, but the Associated Press goes on to a still bigger task than the mere announce ment of the result. That would not go far to complete the morning paper. There are columns to fill with Btate tabulations, with lists of governor's elected, the detailed constitution of the next United States senato and the house of representatives, and similar tables for each state, locally handled, I on the constitution of the state legis lature. There are comprehensive “leads'' to write in summary of the figures, and contests in particular states to be explained. There is one human cog in the elec tion machine that is even more in teresting than the general manager of the Associated Press. He is the Paul Revere of the backwoods districts who gallops his horse or drives his tnoror cycle on election night to the nearest telegraph station. There are still some remote regions — a great many ^ of them — where the polling of a pre | sidential vote is almost a game of ; solitaire, and from some of them cour ' iers must ride twenty miles before they can release by wire to a waiting nation the fact that a plurality of one for- (It would be partisan to an "■fc-dfesai—nfc. ii ii tii _ ticipate the name) ha* been cast at Kar.ch 49. There are several such re mote districts even in New York state whence news leaks almost as slowly as in Montana or Idaho. And there is no deprecating the Importance of the vote that is cast at Clover Pour Corners. It is the will of the people that rules, and the Associated Press can know no distinction when it comes to the counting of honest bal lots. Otherwise it would not pay for that twenty mile ride. New Jersey has been a thorn In the flesh of the election tabulators for many years. In the first place it re fuses to close its polls until 7 o'clock, and its law' requires that the counting of the entire ballot from top tg bottom shall be completed before another bal lot is taken up. There are upwards of 240 names on the Jersey ballot this year in Home of the cities, ahd It is doubtful whether on election night President Wilson will know' how his own state has gone. The Jersey me thod Is employed in some of the Cen tral and Western states, adding a fur ther handicap to the difference in time but New York and a majority of the Eastern states put the presidential electors on a separate ballot to facili tate the count. If the foregoing has not helped you to visualize the process by which the greatest news gathering organization tries to satiate your election curiosity and furnish masses of figures to back up its announcement of the victory, picture to yourself this one fact: On election night the facilities for wire communication over practically the entire country are for the moment de voted almost exclusively to the collec tion and distribution of returns. The mileage of those wires you will find run into the millions. The Associated Press leased wire system itself is al most doubled on election night, and the telegraph companies in their own way are co-operating directly or indi . • 1 A _* a., k-1. • V. Ill ' ‘ is*'-"'- ~. '~ .a figures to a head. Consider also the human factors — thousands of operators at the key and telephone transmitters, newspaper re porters and editors at work in local quarters of the Associated Press is made the center of tabulation. The upstate county man is stationed at the most convenient center, usually the county seat, from which he throws out his net for the gathering of his local items. For the special work in hand, twen ty-five extra wires are strung into the Associated Press offices in New York, giving direct and exclusive connection with the principal cities. Before the operators is stacked a varied assort ment of printed forms, whose blank spaces await the figures that tell the story. There are pink forms, blue forms, blue, buff, green, yellow and white to make the various complla lions of the vote for president, gover nor, senate, congress and the two houses of the state legislature. In an adjoining room there have I been assembled a staff of a hundred ! men to serve tabulators. Previous to the election the Associated Press has arranged with some of the best banks in the city to furnish expert account I ants for this work. They work in re I lays, the first crew reporting at the . close of the polls at 5 o'clock, compll ing the figures until 2 o'clock In the morning. Less than ten minutes after the elos ing of the polls, the work begins. The first returns In New York are Invart ably from some of the up state citle« _i_- I ‘lifti hi i nriiMa. where voting machines are employed. There are. however, some localities j cn Cape Cod and down in Maine which for years have prided themselves on being the first In with their vote, in such small places the law permits the opening of the ballot boxes as soon as it has been made certain that the! full vote of the place has been polled, and the result is then made known. It is only by driblets that the first figures come in, but once the ava lanche is started there is no let up to the tick of the telegraph sounders, and a swarm of the colored blanks is kept flying from the receiving oper ators to the tabulators. The figures are first entered by the tabulator and passed along to the designated chief who keeps a “Doomsday Hook" show I ing the running total of the vote j throughout the night. Every fifteen minutes the business of tabulation is punctuated by the issue of a bulletin j on New York state, which is rushed to the leased trunk wires of the As sociated Press — and over these main arteries and secondary ones some 47,000 miles of them, some eighty (lit , ferent circuits the new s circulates, i keeping all of the nine hundred and forty newspaper members of-the asso elation posted on how the country is going The form of these bulletins is known to thousands who have seen them flashed on the election screens: "506 election districts out of n,too In New York state, for president, give j Wilson-; Hughes-*-.” So, district by district, those bulle tins grow until it looks so certain to some of the experts that one paper or another will concede somebody's election. But ihe Associated Press concedes nothing. It must know, In the year of the Odell-Coler fight for governor in New York in 1900, its system had a severe test. Coler ran up a big vote in New York city, and the heavy vote of Odell up state was overlooked by many of the newspapers which conceded Color's election. The Associated Press, in the midst of this confusion was led to wonder if its fig ures were right. The general manager, had an abiding confidence in his men and figures, but in the face of conces sions that some of the papers were making of Color's election, something must he done to check the matter. He ordered a recount. The system pro vided for just such an emergemv. and this Odell-Coler year is the only time it has ever been called into play. All of the county returns, after being tab ulated, are hung on a large rack of hooks, classified by counties, where they are immediately available for re count. Off the hooks came these hun dreds of telegrams, and In just fifteen minutes' time the entire state vote was recounted. The head tabulator, forgetting for the moment that he was in a newspaper office instead of his hank, exclaimed: “Mr. Stone, we check to a penny!" The recount tal lied exactly with the figures the As . soeiated Press hail previously given out and the papers, which. Indepen dently of the Associated Press fig ures, had conceded Coler’s election, had eventually to admit their error. The accuracy of the Associated Press figures has seldom since been questioned. In connection with the recent New York state primary, in the fight between Calder and Bacon for the Republican nomination as candi date for a seat in the United States senate, the majority given by the As sltuationa, while the army of trained Associated Press men are assembling ENGLAND WILL TAKE OVER ITS LONDON, Oct. 28. — The govern Toent is proposing to take Over con trol of the coal industry of Great Bri tain in the near future, the main pur pose of the Hcheme of nationalization being to give a certain power of con trol over the neutral shipping which coals at British ports. Coal owners "ill be allowed to take their present profits if the scheme goes through, but the government will control the distri bution of coal for home consumption, for export and for shipping. For some time past the government has used its authority over British shipping to direct its courses most beneficial for the nation, but neutral steam shipping, though dependent on Britain for coal, has not recognized a resulting obli gation to this country. The plan Is that if the government owns the coal it will be in a position to stipulate the use the customer shall make of it, and to require him to call for his return cargo at specified ports. In that way it is believed the whole of the shipping In British ports may be organized and directed —-♦ FOR NEWSPRINT PAPER WASHINGTON, Oct. 28. — Relief from the critical newsprint paper sit nation seems probable from studies made in the forest service labora lories. It has been found that good grades of paper can be made from a number of western woods which experts esti mate can be cut into chips, baled and i1 livered to mills in Wisconsin at a very small advance over the cost of ’ l ips made there from local timber. The only factor blocking the way • ems to be freight rates and the Wis i mi mills are endeavoring to nego t i ite w ith the railroads for shipment i experimental trainlouds of chips from the west. If a favorable freight rate can be obtained, forest service ex : erls say. the great quantity of pulp wood on the national forests should prove a considerable factor in supply itig favorably located paper mills with the necessary raw material. In Wisconsin alone, it is stated, there is an annual market for more than 3(10,000 cords of pulpwood. 4. FOG SIGNAL AT CAPE ST. ELIAS NOT WORKING. The lighthouse tender Kukui, in command of the veteran of the ser vile, Captain Gregory, made port this morning and is taking on a cargo of coal at the bunkers of the Pacific coast Coal Company, preparatory to a trip to Cape St. Elias, where the fog signal is not working properly. The big signal has not worked pro perly since It was installed, and E. C. Stroups, an expert in the employment of the company which manufactured the signal, is aboard the Kukui and will make the necessary repairs and alterations. Mr. Stroups came north on the steamer Mariposa and joined the Kukui at Ketchikan. — Juneau Empire. all their matter, and you arrive at something like a general glimpse of the efforts that will be made on elec tion night to supply the missing name in the first/dentence of this article. Surpassing though it will public in terest in the great war, or in the mul titudinous events that the world daily contributes to the excitement of the hvcihfast table, the news of a presi dential electlou will by no means at tract all of the argus-eyes of an or ganization whose field Is the world. So clastic is the system of this clear ing house for news that its correspon dent in Peking may come In at the height of excitement over the election with a new revolution In China, Its representative in Panama with a dis astrous slide in Culebra cut, Its bureau in Potrograd with a stirring speech in the Duma, or its men at the front with a great victory. The usual de signated men are on deck to handle any emergency, In the election or out of It. MAKES LAST WASHINGTON, Oct. 28. — Cleve land Abbe, the weather expert, died at his home in this city today at the age off 77 years. The present day system of daily weather forecasts, with which every portion of the United States, however remote, is now thoroughly familiar, is the outgrowth of a weather prediction service which Cleveland Abbe estab lished locally in Cincinnati, Ohio, when he was the director of the obser vatory there In 1869. The death of this famous meteorologist recalls some in teresting details of this early history of weather forecasts. The son of a New York merchant, Cleveland Abbe became an instructor in mathematics and astronomy at the University of Michigan in 1860, and during the Civil war period he was an aide at Cambridge, Mass., to Dr. B. A. Gould, then astronomer of the United States coast survey. The years of 1865-66 he spent in Russia at the Imperial Observatory as guest of the resident staff of observers there, and on his return to the United States he was chosen director of the Cincin nati observatory. In beginning his astronomical work at Cincinnati in May, 1868, Prof. Abbe expressed to the Chamber of Commerce of that city his willingness to make daily predictions of the wea ther for the benefit of the citizens. His proposition was accepted, and the work actually began in September, 1868, by the publication of a daily bul letin of weather, telegrams and proba bilities. The success of this scheme led some of his friends to introduce a resolu tion calling upon congress to establish a national bureau of storm warnings for the benefit of commerce The regular tri-daily issue of “pro babilities” began in February. 1871, and was kept up by Prof Abbe until others could be trained for this ser vice. These forecasts were published throughout the country anonomously as official documents, and the cogno men of "Old Prob," which had been invented in Cincinnati, was soon wide ly applied to their author. From that time on the weather ser vice extended yearly until the United States bureau came to rank first among such services in the world, and Prof. Abbe himself came to be known as one of the world's foremost metero logists. It was largely due to his initiative that the several successive advances in the service, such as ocean meteorology, the prediction of floods in rivers, the publication of monthly weather review, the adoption of civil service examinations in meteorology, the Introduction of uniform standard time, and innumerable other steps were taken -« MADE GOOD TRIP OVER TRAIL WITH ROADS HEAVY. McDonald and Kdgecumbe arrived at Chitina in four days and seven hours from Fairbanks, the roads be ing very had, but with their seven passenger Cadillacs had no trouble in bringing a full list of fourteen pas ^engers through All the passengers were well pleased with the trip, and wish the boys success, who expect to continue their run until the snow falls -♦ PROFESSIONAL PIANIST ENGAGED FOR THEATRE. Mias Leone Langdon. a pianist and organist of national reputation, was an arrival in Cordova on this morn j ing'a steamer. Miss I.augdon has i been engaged by the Empress theatre ! to interpret the pictures and give re | citals. Her first concert will be given i Sunday night at 7:15 o’clock sharp, and you should not miss this treat. -« MANY PEOPLE CONTRIBUTE TO REPUBLICAN CAMPAIGN. NEW YORK, Oct 28. — The contrl | buttons to the Republican national 'campaign fund has totaled $1,600,000, from twenty-two thousand contribut ors. -# AND VILLA STILL AT LARGE. WASHINOTON. Oct. 28. - General Trevino, a Carranza commander at | chihuahua City, now has 8.000 troops i well supplied with ammunition. -♦ Lost—A Waterman fountain pen Return to Times office.