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The Cordova daily times. [volume] (Cordova, Alaska) 1914-1947, October 28, 1916, Image 1

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The Cordova Daily Times
NEWARK, Oct. 28 - In a speech
here today Charles E. Hughes told
an audience of farmers that America
could neither have peace nor security
so long as she was unprepared to
maintain unflinchingly the known
<ight of citizens on lend and sea. Mr.
Hughes said that to prevent business
depression when war ends it would
be necessary to apply sound Republi
can doctrine for the protection of Am-,
erican industries.
ROCHESTER. Oct. 28. — Charles E.
Hughes left this city today and will
continue his campaign throughout
Now York state.
LONG BRANCH, Oct. 28. — Making
his rnotto one of co-operation. Presi
dent Wilson spoke at the principal
meeting of a series of gatherings ar
ranged by the Democratic national
committee in celebration of Wilson
day. He spoke for woman suffrage
and declared that the American law
has not kept pace with American sen
— *
is m
FAIRBANKS, Oct. 27. — Judge
Charles K. Bunnell, of the United
States district court, has held the
eight-hour law enacted hy the last
legislature, making eight hours a day's
work in the plater mines, void in that
it did not conform to the Organic Act
1 under which the legislature was cre
k ated.
The court's decision was in the ease
of the United States vs. Howell and
Cleveland, the Hot Springs operators
who were indicted hy the Ruby grand
Members of the local liar generally
agree that the reasoning of the court
is sound, and that the decision will
judge Bunnell dismissed the indict
ment, and discharged the bondsmen
of the accused.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 28. — The re
public of Panama has opened a new
port on the Atlantic, coast, about 80
miles from Colon, and begun construc
tion of a government building there.
The port is named Mandinga, and is
located on Mandinga bay in the gulf
of Ran Bias. It has an excellent har
bor, with deep water and is only a
short distance from important Man
ganese ore mines owned by an Am
erican syndicate. Nearby is the site
of a town to be named Nleuesa, to be
developed under a government conees
sion granted to an American who hat
long resided in Colon.
-- -♦ --
big gold imports,
new YORK, Oct. 28. — The totu
gold imports from all sources since the
beginning of the year is $365,000,000.
SEWARD, Oct. 28. — Charles A
Sulzer addressed a good sized crow,
at Arctic Brotherhood hall last night
He attacked the record of Delegati
Wickersham, and defended Colone
Richardson's road work.
But nine days until election.
ri ..... >0*
BERLIN, Oct. 28.—The war office announces that the
Teutons won a victory in the Dorna Watra region and cap
tured several heights from the Russians at the point of the
bayonet. They took five hundred prisoners on the northern
frontier of Roumania. The Teutons captured from the Rou
manians the height in the region south of Kronstadt and ex
tended their advance in Partzuga valley. The Teutons, Bulgar
ians and Turks continue their pursuit of the Russians and Rou
manians in northern Dobrudja and are meeting with little re
sistance. Five hundred isolated soldiers and much war mater
ial was captured.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 28.—The British reply to the Ameri
can representations against a commercial blockade has been re
ceived and it is understood it reiterates t ho content ion of the
light to blockade, but offers methods of relief to Americans.
ZURICH, Oct. 28.—It is reported that a bomb dropped bv
an allied aviator killed an engineer on the kaiser’s train.
PETROORAI), Oct. 28.—The Teutons have launclie
series of violent attacks against the Russians and Rouimm ms
on both sides of the river Bvstritsa, in the region of Dorna Wat
ra, compelling the Russian advanced positions to abandon two
PARIS, Oct. 28.—The French troops captured bv hand
grenades the quarry northeast of Fort Dominion! at Verdun.
NEW YORK, Oct. 28. — Flash: —
•-—-Is elected: On the night
of Tuesday, November 7. the missing
name In the foregoing sentence will
be supplied by the Associated Press.
In the business of news gathering
as developed by this world wide or
ganization, the first word sent over
the wires telling of any extraordinary
event is "Flash.” It is the signal of
a thrill. The ordinary routine «f the
Associated Press bureaus and their
hundreds of newspaper members is
often punctuated with the “Flash."
Operators from Bangor to San Diego,
from Tampa to Tacoma, tighten their
lagging nerves, and editors come
scurrying to the wires to hear a pope
is dead, a Titanic sunk, another eoun- |
try at war. a Eusitania torpedoed, a ;
battle won, a king deposed, or a presi
dent elected.
This latter thrill has a recognized
periodicity, like the passage of a
comet, and the experience of it is ;
again imminent. Within a few hours
after you have scratched your ballot,
the Associated Pres* will have flashed
the verdict which you and sixteen mil
lion fellow voters have rendered —
will have flashed it perhaps within a
few minutes after the last of these
sixteen million ballots has been drop
ped in its box in some of the western
states, where three hours difference
in time make* late the closing of the
How, In this brief time, anything ap
proximating an accurate accounting of
of these sixteen million votes can be
achieved, the returns assembled, and
the result made known throughout the
land is a process both simple and mar
vellous. It is true, of course, that
all of those sixteen million votes are
not counted, but when the Associated
Prnuu antmunitoo tko nlool Em an
nouncement will be as trustworthy as
if they were.
The garnering and distribution of
returns this year will mark one of the
, greatest co-operative efforts that has
I been made on any similar occasion to
! accomplish this purpose. In previous
| elections the Associated Press, rely
: ing more largely on Us own resources,
•has done notable work in the prompt
and accurate reporting of the election
figures. In the Roosevelt-Parker con
, test of 1904 the organization was able
not only definitely to announce the
result, but also to indicate the full
extent of the victory as early as eight
o’clock on election night. Equally re
markable service has been rendered
! in other elections, and the value of
the Associated Press’ figures has been
! such that defeated candidates them
! selves have, on the strength of them,
sent their telegrams of congratulation
to their victorious opponents. The
service has been such that it has in
variably brought to the executives of
the organization a flood of telegrams
on the day after in tribute to the
"comprehensiveness," •’speed" and
accuracy with which the work has
been done. This year it is possible
that all records will be broken, for
the Associated Press has for the com
ing election enlisted the co-operation
of Us members from coast to coasl
in a more concerted effort than evet
• before.
More than two year* ago prepara
tions were begun, under the dfrectior
I of the genera! manager of th« Akho
elated Press, to ‘‘cover’’ the newi
> which will be served to the public or
t the night of November 7. Election ex
perts of the organization have during
these two years canvassed every stat<
in the Union and arranged with paperi
- - - •. v -life,a
of each state to work together on a
eo-operative basis under the super
vision of the established Associated
Press bureaus. Thousands of special
forms have been prepared for the
systematic conduct of the service,
thousands of typewritten sheets dis
tributed listing candidates and show
ing votes four years ago as a basis
of comparison, special correspondents
appointed and special wire facilities
arranged for this particular work.
In the collection of returns, the
country Is everywhere made the unit, i
and it is the purpose of the system to
hear definitely from every election
district of the more Important states. !
In New York alone these districts
number 5,700. In Illinois there are
over 5,000, and in other states a pro- j
portionately large number of districts
to be heard from. Taking New York ■
state as typical of the system that
will be followed in principle at least 1
by other states, the service there is
worked out broadly as follows:
Having arranged for some compe
tent man to take charge of each coun- |
ty up state and for co-operative effort
with the New York City News Asso
ciation for the collection of the metro
politan returns, the New York head
sociated Press was only 79 votes at '
variance with the official count. In
a Massachusetts state election last
year the Boston bureau scored a re I
cord by announcing the returns only
three votes off from the official fig
The election machinery of the As-,
sociated Press is at work in all the
states, but it is developed to its high
est pitch of efficiency in the states
having the largest electoral votes and
the,smallest average of consistency In
presidential years.
Given a definite line on New York
state, on Massachusetts, which is tn- !
variably prompt, and a reflection of
the vote in the Central and Western
states, where a difference in time is
a handicap to early returns, the result j
of the presidential election may be
pretty definitely announced at an
early hour and often the full extent
of the victory Indicated, so accurately
has the guage of election figures been
fixed by previous experience.
Knowing with a near certainty whe
ther it is Wilson or Hughes w'ill be
sufficient for the throngs at the bulle
tin boards on election night, but the
Associated Press goes on to a still
bigger task than the mere announce
ment of the result. That would not
go far to complete the morning paper.
There are columns to fill with Btate
tabulations, with lists of governor's
elected, the detailed constitution of
the next United States senato and the
house of representatives, and similar
tables for each state, locally handled,
I on the constitution of the state legis
lature. There are comprehensive
“leads'' to write in summary of the
figures, and contests in particular
states to be explained.
There is one human cog in the elec
tion machine that is even more in
teresting than the general manager of
the Associated Press. He is the Paul
Revere of the backwoods districts who
gallops his horse or drives his tnoror
cycle on election night to the nearest
telegraph station. There are still
some remote regions — a great many
^ of them — where the polling of a pre
| sidential vote is almost a game of
; solitaire, and from some of them cour
' iers must ride twenty miles before
they can release by wire to a waiting
nation the fact that a plurality of one
for- (It would be partisan to an
"■fc-dfesai—nfc. ii ii tii _
ticipate the name) ha* been cast at
Kar.ch 49. There are several such re
mote districts even in New York state
whence news leaks almost as slowly
as in Montana or Idaho. And there
is no deprecating the Importance of
the vote that is cast at Clover Pour
Corners. It is the will of the people
that rules, and the Associated Press
can know no distinction when it
comes to the counting of honest bal
lots. Otherwise it would not pay for
that twenty mile ride.
New Jersey has been a thorn In the
flesh of the election tabulators for
many years. In the first place it re
fuses to close its polls until 7 o'clock,
and its law' requires that the counting
of the entire ballot from top tg bottom
shall be completed before another bal
lot is taken up. There are upwards
of 240 names on the Jersey ballot this
year in Home of the cities, ahd It is
doubtful whether on election night
President Wilson will know' how his
own state has gone. The Jersey me
thod Is employed in some of the Cen
tral and Western states, adding a fur
ther handicap to the difference in time
but New York and a majority of the
Eastern states put the presidential
electors on a separate ballot to facili
tate the count.
If the foregoing has not helped you
to visualize the process by which the
greatest news gathering organization
tries to satiate your election curiosity
and furnish masses of figures to back
up its announcement of the victory,
picture to yourself this one fact: On
election night the facilities for wire
communication over practically the
entire country are for the moment de
voted almost exclusively to the collec
tion and distribution of returns. The
mileage of those wires you will find
run into the millions. The Associated
Press leased wire system itself is al
most doubled on election night, and
the telegraph companies in their own
way are co-operating directly or indi
. • 1 A _* a., k-1. • V.
Ill ' ‘ is*'-"'- ~. '~ .a
figures to a head.
Consider also the human factors —
thousands of operators at the key and
telephone transmitters, newspaper re
porters and editors at work in local
quarters of the Associated Press is
made the center of tabulation. The
upstate county man is stationed at
the most convenient center, usually
the county seat, from which he throws
out his net for the gathering of his
local items.
For the special work in hand, twen
ty-five extra wires are strung into the
Associated Press offices in New York,
giving direct and exclusive connection
with the principal cities. Before the
operators is stacked a varied assort
ment of printed forms, whose blank
spaces await the figures that tell the
story. There are pink forms, blue
forms, blue, buff, green, yellow and
white to make the various complla
lions of the vote for president, gover
nor, senate, congress and the two
houses of the state legislature.
In an adjoining room there have
I been assembled a staff of a hundred
! men to serve tabulators. Previous to
the election the Associated Press has
arranged with some of the best banks
in the city to furnish expert account
I ants for this work. They work in re
I lays, the first crew reporting at the
. close of the polls at 5 o'clock, compll
ing the figures until 2 o'clock In the
Less than ten minutes after the elos
ing of the polls, the work begins. The
first returns In New York are Invart
ably from some of the up state citle«
_i_- I ‘lifti hi i nriiMa.
where voting machines are employed.
There are. however, some localities j
cn Cape Cod and down in Maine which
for years have prided themselves on
being the first In with their vote, in
such small places the law permits the
opening of the ballot boxes as soon
as it has been made certain that the!
full vote of the place has been polled,
and the result is then made known.
It is only by driblets that the first
figures come in, but once the ava
lanche is started there is no let up
to the tick of the telegraph sounders,
and a swarm of the colored blanks is
kept flying from the receiving oper
ators to the tabulators. The figures
are first entered by the tabulator and
passed along to the designated chief
who keeps a “Doomsday Hook" show I
ing the running total of the vote j
throughout the night. Every fifteen
minutes the business of tabulation is
punctuated by the issue of a bulletin j
on New York state, which is rushed
to the leased trunk wires of the As
sociated Press — and over these main
arteries and secondary ones some
47,000 miles of them, some eighty (lit ,
ferent circuits the new s circulates, i
keeping all of the nine hundred and
forty newspaper members of-the asso
elation posted on how the country is
The form of these bulletins is known
to thousands who have seen them
flashed on the election screens:
"506 election districts out of n,too
In New York state, for president, give j
Wilson-; Hughes-*-.”
So, district by district, those bulle
tins grow until it looks so certain to
some of the experts that one paper
or another will concede somebody's
election. But ihe Associated Press
concedes nothing. It must know,
In the year of the Odell-Coler fight
for governor in New York in 1900, its
system had a severe test. Coler ran
up a big vote in New York city, and
the heavy vote of Odell up state was
overlooked by many of the newspapers
which conceded Color's election. The
Associated Press, in the midst of this
confusion was led to wonder if its fig
ures were right. The general manager,
had an abiding confidence in his men
and figures, but in the face of conces
sions that some of the papers were
making of Color's election, something
must he done to check the matter. He
ordered a recount. The system pro
vided for just such an emergemv. and
this Odell-Coler year is the only time
it has ever been called into play. All
of the county returns, after being tab
ulated, are hung on a large rack of
hooks, classified by counties, where
they are immediately available for re
count. Off the hooks came these hun
dreds of telegrams, and In just fifteen
minutes' time the entire state vote
was recounted. The head tabulator,
forgetting for the moment that he
was in a newspaper office instead of
his hank, exclaimed: “Mr. Stone, we
check to a penny!" The recount tal
lied exactly with the figures the As
. soeiated Press hail previously given
out and the papers, which. Indepen
dently of the Associated Press fig
ures, had conceded Coler’s election,
had eventually to admit their error.
The accuracy of the Associated
Press figures has seldom since been
questioned. In connection with the
recent New York state primary, in the
fight between Calder and Bacon for
the Republican nomination as candi
date for a seat in the United States
senate, the majority given by the As
sltuationa, while the army of trained
Associated Press men are assembling
LONDON, Oct. 28. — The govern
Toent is proposing to take Over con
trol of the coal industry of Great Bri
tain in the near future, the main pur
pose of the Hcheme of nationalization
being to give a certain power of con
trol over the neutral shipping which
coals at British ports. Coal owners
"ill be allowed to take their present
profits if the scheme goes through, but
the government will control the distri
bution of coal for home consumption,
for export and for shipping. For some
time past the government has used
its authority over British shipping to
direct its courses most beneficial for
the nation, but neutral steam shipping,
though dependent on Britain for coal,
has not recognized a resulting obli
gation to this country.
The plan Is that if the government
owns the coal it will be in a position
to stipulate the use the customer shall
make of it, and to require him to call
for his return cargo at specified ports.
In that way it is believed the whole
of the shipping In British ports may
be organized and directed
WASHINGTON, Oct. 28. — Relief
from the critical newsprint paper sit
nation seems probable from studies
made in the forest service labora
It has been found that good grades
of paper can be made from a number
of western woods which experts esti
mate can be cut into chips, baled and
i1 livered to mills in Wisconsin at a
very small advance over the cost of
’ l ips made there from local timber.
The only factor blocking the way
• ems to be freight rates and the Wis
i mi mills are endeavoring to nego
t i ite w ith the railroads for shipment
i experimental trainlouds of chips
from the west. If a favorable freight
rate can be obtained, forest service ex
: erls say. the great quantity of pulp
wood on the national forests should
prove a considerable factor in supply
itig favorably located paper mills with
the necessary raw material.
In Wisconsin alone, it is stated,
there is an annual market for more
than 3(10,000 cords of pulpwood.
The lighthouse tender Kukui, in
command of the veteran of the ser
vile, Captain Gregory, made port this
morning and is taking on a cargo of
coal at the bunkers of the Pacific
coast Coal Company, preparatory to
a trip to Cape St. Elias, where the fog
signal is not working properly.
The big signal has not worked pro
perly since It was installed, and E. C.
Stroups, an expert in the employment
of the company which manufactured
the signal, is aboard the Kukui and
will make the necessary repairs and
alterations. Mr. Stroups came north
on the steamer Mariposa and joined
the Kukui at Ketchikan. — Juneau
all their matter, and you arrive at
something like a general glimpse of
the efforts that will be made on elec
tion night to supply the missing name
in the first/dentence of this article.
Surpassing though it will public in
terest in the great war, or in the mul
titudinous events that the world daily
contributes to the excitement of the
hvcihfast table, the news of a presi
dential electlou will by no means at
tract all of the argus-eyes of an or
ganization whose field Is the world.
So clastic is the system of this clear
ing house for news that its correspon
dent in Peking may come In at the
height of excitement over the election
with a new revolution In China, Its
representative in Panama with a dis
astrous slide in Culebra cut, Its bureau
in Potrograd with a stirring speech
in the Duma, or its men at the front
with a great victory. The usual de
signated men are on deck to handle
any emergency, In the election or out
of It.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 28. — Cleve
land Abbe, the weather expert, died
at his home in this city today at the
age off 77 years.
The present day system of daily
weather forecasts, with which every
portion of the United States, however
remote, is now thoroughly familiar, is
the outgrowth of a weather prediction
service which Cleveland Abbe estab
lished locally in Cincinnati, Ohio,
when he was the director of the obser
vatory there In 1869. The death of this
famous meteorologist recalls some in
teresting details of this early history
of weather forecasts.
The son of a New York merchant,
Cleveland Abbe became an instructor
in mathematics and astronomy at the
University of Michigan in 1860, and
during the Civil war period he was
an aide at Cambridge, Mass., to Dr.
B. A. Gould, then astronomer of the
United States coast survey. The
years of 1865-66 he spent in Russia at
the Imperial Observatory as guest of
the resident staff of observers there,
and on his return to the United States
he was chosen director of the Cincin
nati observatory.
In beginning his astronomical work
at Cincinnati in May, 1868, Prof.
Abbe expressed to the Chamber of
Commerce of that city his willingness
to make daily predictions of the wea
ther for the benefit of the citizens.
His proposition was accepted, and the
work actually began in September,
1868, by the publication of a daily bul
letin of weather, telegrams and proba
The success of this scheme led some
of his friends to introduce a resolu
tion calling upon congress to establish
a national bureau of storm warnings
for the benefit of commerce
The regular tri-daily issue of “pro
babilities” began in February. 1871,
and was kept up by Prof Abbe until
others could be trained for this ser
vice. These forecasts were published
throughout the country anonomously
as official documents, and the cogno
men of "Old Prob," which had been
invented in Cincinnati, was soon wide
ly applied to their author.
From that time on the weather ser
vice extended yearly until the United
States bureau came to rank first
among such services in the world, and
Prof. Abbe himself came to be known
as one of the world's foremost metero
logists. It was largely due to his
initiative that the several successive
advances in the service, such as ocean
meteorology, the prediction of floods
in rivers, the publication of monthly
weather review, the adoption of civil
service examinations in meteorology,
the Introduction of uniform standard
time, and innumerable other steps
were taken

McDonald and Kdgecumbe arrived
at Chitina in four days and seven
hours from Fairbanks, the roads be
ing very had, but with their seven
passenger Cadillacs had no trouble in
bringing a full list of fourteen pas
^engers through All the passengers
were well pleased with the trip, and
wish the boys success, who expect to
continue their run until the snow falls
Mias Leone Langdon. a pianist and
organist of national reputation, was
an arrival in Cordova on this morn
j ing'a steamer. Miss I.augdon has
i been engaged by the Empress theatre
! to interpret the pictures and give re
| citals. Her first concert will be given
i Sunday night at 7:15 o’clock sharp,
and you should not miss this treat.

NEW YORK, Oct 28. — The contrl
| buttons to the Republican national
'campaign fund has totaled $1,600,000,
from twenty-two thousand contribut
WASHINOTON. Oct. 28. - General
Trevino, a Carranza commander at
| chihuahua City, now has 8.000 troops
i well supplied with ammunition.
Lost—A Waterman fountain pen
Return to Times office.

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