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first puoToanAPn o? Ar:cn:cAs in catjTIsjy cattle
USE OF LARGER IUFLEUEOTS AND MORE '(HttSEO HELP TO SOLVE LABOR PROBLEM Red Cross Work in German Prison Camps fj,. ;. ,: ""' ' ' J .i r of'"-1'. .:--'- This is the first authentic photograph to reach the UniteJ States showing-the Vmericans in the battle of Can tlfrny. their iirst really Important conflict with the Huns. The first men to go over the top are seen leaping to the attack, while their companions in the trenches await the command to follow. Within 45 minutes the Americans Imd obtained all their objectives, taking many prisoners. GREEK NURSES AWAIT WOUNDED COUNTRYMEN Tli is picture, taken in Athens, shows arrival of wounded Greek soldiers from QUIT WHITE HOUSE JOBS TO FIGHT i V ' ' i 1 PI In ; III Charles Swem (on the right), the only stenographer who has taken the . president's dictation since Mr. Wilson was first elected, and Warren Johnson, personal stenographer to Joseph P. Tumulty, the president's secretaryt have jjoined the army. Swem, who has a wife anda child, will go into the aviation I service, while Johnson will be assigned ,been anxious for some time to get into HERE IS A REAL FLYING FISH OF THE AIR 4 ... s This Nieuport airplane can rightly be called "the flying fish, Judging from the manner in 'which It is decorated. Its American pilot is. standing alongside of his machine, somewhere in France. MATTERS OF FACT Liquors can be solidified into tablet form by a method a French chemist has Invented. The juice of the stalk and Jearea of nettles Is the source of green dye for woolen goods. . . ; s Natives of Alegia bury with the dead the medicines used by then ta their lasfillnesses. ' Sixty days leave for farm work Is behvj z?zzlz 3 tJcltcd Ctitca cavnf r a corps of Greek army nurses, with the hospital ship Lafayette. to some other branch. Both have uniforms. x;.: An Englishman has patented a rub ber pad to be attached to a tooth brash handle to cleanse the tongue. A new -motortruck for carrying coal carries the body on a turntable so that it can be unloaded at any angle. One- of the longest submarine cables in the" world is to be laid, between Aden and Jlong Iong at a cost of CCO.C0O. A solder for aluminum has been ia ventrl that can be applied by a gaso trrci tHttout tta crs cf a csJirr- fh D A. i v y 1 :j J 3 I w r - is 3 MtWia If flowers and delicacies, awaiting the DUMMY BOMBS FOR AVIATORS Two men at Ellington field, Hous ton, Tex., preparing dummy bombs for the practice work of the aviators who are being trained especially foi orabing. The Padre Scores. Now and again a guy will take me off to on side and fix It up with me to write his girl or his mother after he Is bumped off, promising to do the same for me. Yet they joke about it, too. Pop said to the chaplain today : "You won't forget that little matter. padre, will you? "What little matter is that? asked the chaplain. "Why, my tombstone! ' The chaplain looked surprised. "You never mentioned a tombstone to me," he protested. s "Sure I did 1 Don't you remember? A bottle of rum at head and feet! But the chaplain came back at him. "No, he said gravely ; "for then you wouldn't He quiet. George Patullo In Saturday Evening Post. Flour Little Hurt by Sea Water. It Is a widely known fact among sailors that flour will not only float after immersion in sea water, but suf fer very little damage. To ascertain the actual damage a baker in New South Wales submerged a bag. of flour in the ocean and left it In the water 67 hours. A 98-pound weight was nec essary to sink a 150-pound bag, which would have supported 75 pounds on top of the water, it is estimated, or half Its own weight. When lifted and weighed, the bag scaled 155 pounds. It was dried for four days and yielded 120 pounds of perfectly dry flour, the bag and waste weighing 28 pounds. Baked into bread. It gave perfect results. . - Gigantic. Masts. What Capt. Bob .Mcintosh of Port land, Ore., says will be the longest mast of the same diameter in a vessel In the United States is one selected to replace Nthe foremast . of the, auxiliary schooner MargareL-whlch will be 29 inches In diameter at the deck, and at the top, 103 feet above the deck.' the diameter will to 23 inches. The ex act leesth cf the rcsst frca tss "step will be 123 feet 10 Inches.. There were masts shipped by Captaia Xlclntch Germany now has' 27 prison camps where American soldiers captured in battle are held. . The American Red Cross has ac curate information about these camps end with the aid of the Swiss lied Cross keeps our soldiers and sailors Fupplied with nourishing food, new clothing, soap and other necessaries. At the beginning of June there were about 300 men in uniform in German prison camps. The American troops have captured considerably more thaft 1,000 Germans, o the score is more than even in that respect. In Berne, Switzerland, the Ameri can Red Cross has a great warehouse from which is sent to each American prisoner in Germany 20 pounds of food every week. Our government pays for this food and equipment and the Red Cross sees that it reaches the men. . - - Already there are enough supplies in the Red Cross warehouse at Berne to take care of 22,000 American prison ers if, the Germans can take that number I Junior Red Cross Vacaticn Work. Junior Red Cross members will not cease their efforts during vacation. While they were in the schools they could be reached more easily but or ganization work among the children has gone so far that the chapters are still closely in touch, with them and benefiting vastly by their help. At present many chapters are asking the junior members to help get out some rush orders for knitted articles, comfort bags and hospital supplies. They are doing this In preference to their regular junior work. Any Junior Red Cross member who has lost contact with the Red ""Cross organization since school closed should go to the local chapter headquarters and offer his or her services. Of course, any child not now a mem ber of the Junior Red Cross will be ,cordially welcomed by the Red Cross Dainty Frocks War does not make It a necessity to curtail dressing to the exclusion of dainty frocks for midsummer. The jmaterials that make them are not needed by the soldiers, and the boys .certainly like to see their wives and sweethearts In filmy and pretty clothes. These things, look more desirable to them than ever. It Is poor business to push economy In dress too farfor business must be maintained that al most goes without saying. In the face of all its difficulties French genius has hcept Itself occupied turning out ap parel to suit the needs somewhat changed by the war of Its clients. . In the picture above at the right Is a frock from Lady Duff -Gordon, In which net Is posed over taffeta in a lovely summer gown. It Is trimmed with very full ruchlngs of taffeta, fringed out at the edges, and would be effective in almost any of the light col ors or in cream-colored net over a col or. Turquoise blue and pale green ishades cannot be excelled by any col ors used with white net for elegant ef fects, but it is for the wearer to choose what becomes her most in a color suit ed to this frock. It Is not an extrava jgant affair and is suited to dinner or evening wear. ; Pale beige georgette renaers a gooa jaccount of itself as an afternoon and evening frock in the dress at the left of the picture." Its collar, vestee. cuffs 'and bodice ornaments are braided with 'silk soutache in the same shade. The bodice is cleverly designed in a modi fied arrangement of the surplice front . Georaette Crepe Hat. A very, effective bat worn recently by a well-dressed young woman was made of navy blue georgette crepe Over -It was stretched a network of deep purple fringe. The Junctures of he different Etrands of frincs were emphasized with a small dull , brown wooden bead. A' Jrrt;3xiJr cap of loxtro-j rose tatln has a race brtn and a chta strap chapters and ivcn an opportunity tof enroll. . " In Central division -Illinois, 3IichiJ gan. Wisconsin, Iowa and Nebraska- there sue about 2,000,000 members of; the Junior Red Cross. Manifestly this; group of workers Is a big factor in the Red Cross organization. The junior members are members of 15.000 auxiliaries to the 5C3 Red' Cross chapters. Virtually every school' is an auxiliary. Red Cross Pig Clubs. , The Red Cross Pig club of Carrollj county. Mo., was organized last fall! with practically the entire population' of the county constituting the mem-4 bor.Ip. O. F. Turner, the agricultural' j county agent, asked 2,500 persons to, raise one pig each, to be known as the, Red Cross pig. Although the county has only 1,000 registered voters, 3,000 persons answered the call. A few days ago the department of agriculture an nounced that 3.00(3 porkers represent the output of the club. Handkerchiefs. If the handkerchiefs are yellow, the reason Is that they have not been prop erly washed. To overcome this yellow color put the handkerchiefs In cold water, in which there is kerosene, about one tcaspoonful to n quart, and a shaving of good laundry soap. Let the handkerchiefs boil In this about three hours. Take them out, dry In the sun, and they will be snowy white. This treatment will apply to any linen or white clothing. Using Hudson Seal. Hudson seal is to be seen on many coats of duvetyn and velour, and is most effective on such autumn colors as mahogany, nigger brown, battleship gray and navy. Popular Outfit. One piece loose-fitted robe and sash draped effects are' still in great de mand. for Midsummer and georgette makes the short ties that finish the front. A very new and promising Idea ap pears In the pretty dinner frocks of black net worn over foundations made of embroidered batiste or embroidered swIss organdie. Girdles or sashes of black velvet finish them off and ma lines Is sometimes combined with the net In bands on skirt and bodice. These are delightful Interpretations of new war-time Ideas in dinner and evening gowns. Hat Worn at Weddings. At one of the weddings, at which Lord Strathcona's granddaughter was married, the bridesmaids wore Im mense hats of rose chiffon and silver lace with water lilies resting against the crown and trailing over the brim. This may be a good Idea for a wartime summer bride over here. At another big wedding, the bridesmaids wore coronets of gold leaves for victory and from them floated long tulle veils of Joffre blue. Wide Plaits. " Wide plaits rather than tucks are a feature of autumn blouses. Hand embroidery combined with filet lace on georgette is the effective combination In many light-colored blouses, white and flesh, though the preference seems to be for the flesh-colored models. Long Trains Are Shown. Short negligees, of course, are fea tured, but some of the very attractive new rest robes of georgette and chif fon and tulle show long trains, some times fan-shape, sometimes simply long ends of the fabric trailing at the back.,,. ,.... Crepa Hint. i Georgette crepe can be washed and Ironed like any ether wash material. Vam mild soap and Iron while slightly ' ' ' -I' ' I ' ; V. . i ... A . f i ' 21 jftf-.-sj fSS(. vl'-.i i - 5? ; i Examples of Methods Which Save Man Power One Man Operating Tractor Drawing Three Plows and Another With a Four-Mule Team Operating Large Harrow. . (Prep-yetl by th TTnltoiI Htatca iK-part- If two men, driving one horse each, can combine the two horxes Into one team which one man can drive, and this team can do as much or more work than two did Kingly, Isn't It wise to combine them and Have one imin's time? t And If, the farm is large and conditions warrant, Sn't it wise to combine two of these two horse teams Into one, and have another man's time? Work which Is generally done in pome parts of the country with the aid of machines that greatly increase the efficiency of the num employed Is still largely done by hand in other parts. Slachinery for most of the work in connection with preparing and tilling the soil is available in many frizes, and frequently two or more outfits, each requiring the time of one man. are seen working In the frame Hold on op erations for which implements of two or three times the size' of those used could be employed with just as fratis factory results. There are few farm horses which n driver of ordinary In telligence cannot train to work In largo teams In a few rtiiys time, and most of the larger Implements are lit tle If nn3' more complicated or difficult to handle than the small ones for the same work. Installation of Machinery. Where the farm Is large, and It I not jMjssible. to procure sutliclent labor. It will certainly be more profitable, as HOW TO SHIP NEW POTATOES Prevent Losses by Loading Them Care fully Into Cars Double-Headed Barrel Is Good. (Prepared by tbe l'nltd Ktatog Depart ment of Agriculture.) Shifting of the loads in transit, weak and partly filled packages, and lack of ventilation are responsible for losses In many cars of new potatoes which are arriving at markets. The loading of diseased potatoes Is also responsible. for considerable loss. Jn some case shipments that frhowseab wilt or late blight are practically worthless when they re.'Jfh the market. The double-headed barrel appears to be the best package for new potatoes that is now in general ue. If proper ly made It protects the potatoes as well as holds them in place. Mtuli less breakage has been found In curs where the barrels are oaled on end than when loaded on their bilge. Strips frhould bo placed on top of the lower layers of barrels for the upper layers to rest upon. Loading barrels on their bilge is not a safe practice unless neaduners (strips to prevent heads bulging) are used. It Is said that the use of head liners would prevent nine-tenths of tb breakage in all types of loads with barrels. Kxtru bracing is needed when barrels are loaded on their bilge. The sack is not a suitable container for tender new potatoes; It offers no protection from bruising, and when loaded is hard to ventilate. If sacks are to be used they should be of no greater capacity than 100 pounds. The smaller sack could bo handled with much greater care and would lend It self to ventilation better. Hampers are not suitable packages for potatoes. They do not have the necessary strength for the weight of their contents and offer little protec tion. As long as hampers are used for lotatoes and other heavy product; there will be severe loss from breakage. If used they frhould be loaded on end and alternate baskets inverted. Great care should be taken to make the load tight, and no slack space should be allowed In the car. This will lessen the chance of shifting. Crates of various sorts are being used, and appear satisfactory where the strength of the crate Is sufficient for the weight of Its contents. Weak crates should not be ued under any circumstances, and crates with wide openings tend to wilt the potatoes while In transit. Crates must be load ed tight and firm, and no slack space left under nny circumstances without suitable bracing, while striping is rec ommended. CORRECT SHAPE OF COW HORN Little Arrangement Used by Some Dairymen to Obtain Form Most Desired. For the little cows that are form ing their horns and seem to have them corning In with wrong; curves there Is a llitle arrangement that soin dalry menuse to fasten on the horns which shapes them pretty much as they are wanteiL TSey have to be worn most of the time, bat a correctly ahaped fcorn ts worth a lot of lother ' well as patriotic, to InMnll iiiiH liin. i y will eh will eiuible the openi l or i. plant, culthnte and h:ire-t a full acre age of the crops best Milled to bU Ian I it ixl the needs of the country, limn in let some of the land lie Idle or, at best, lave It prepared and worked poorly, and the crop out of season. In many cases, a worker can 1oiill the work done by tin use of a l it".. ' Implement and a eorrcpondin.Jy greater amount of motive power, and sometimes the gain Is consideraM.v more than this. If the nature of tie work and the machinery for 1 I n it are such that the best Implements will Increase the etllclency of the worl.er by only f0 or even 'Z"t per cent, tin lr use may make possible an im rea-e In acreage by Just that amount, and at least will enable the fanner to do hN work In less time and allow Mm to take advantage of good weather If the season Is unfavorable. Duy Larger Machinery. Can nit fanners afford to buy etrn horses and larger Implements to snxe man labor? tf course, those Ikim farms require but one or two brses to do the ordinary work can seldom af ford to do so. r.ut such can seciiro this additional help by coinhinliu: to purchase larger machinery, and doub ling on their teams to opcialc It; or one, usually more skilled In opera fin.' machinery, or better able to purcha-e It, may own Hie larger Implement., and do the work for several neiulihwr fanners, besides bis own, to the ad vantage of all concerned. I'.oth the-e methods have been tried out in many localities with mowers, harvesters, tractors, threshing machines and other farm machinery. KEEP SHEEP FLOCK TO CONTROL WEEDS (Prep in 1 hy i!n ( T n 1 1 ! Hl.il. I . -partnieat of Akt lull tire One of the best and cheapest ways to control weeds on farm N to keep a lloel; of sheep. In addition to controlling weed without Cost, frbeep Will lender a profit by producing nutritious food ami wool, and will assist materially in meeting demands on the nation for meal and wool production. If weeds are not permitted to grow and d"eiop leaves they will die, but It would require a gnat, m mi of bard labor to keep mo i Weeds under control by tli!-. tllfthod. Sheep Will keep the weeds down and the more weeds they eat the will b" their cost, of upkeep, ami the greater will bo (be SMppl.V of food release. I for other .stock. Many rough or permanent eras, pastures that require mowing can be kept dean by tie- iis(. of sheep, while at the same time the cattle-carrying capacity of the pasture Is Increased. i NEED OF ANCIENT PRACTICE History Tells Us That Roman Farrnera - Stored Various Succulent Feeds for Live Stock. Prrrf'd by th 1'rdPd KtaPH D'pirt- UirTlt Of AKfl' iill u re ) History tellw of Komau fanners v. lei carefully chopped tine vajiou-s green, Mieculent feeds arid packed them in pits for use- during the wilder sea on. The practice seems to have been om inon and the feed kept well. I'mhi these early times It bus been good practice to store various green crept In pits or alrtlglit containers for feed ing to stock. The silo Is the present day result, and a farmer who rah-, live stock cannot afford to be without one. The advantages of the silo are numerous, but some of the more Im portant are: 1. CJreen, succulent feed Is available thrpughotit the year. 2. A silo store more feed for les cot than any other 4 arm building. 3. The feed in handy for use. DRAINAGE WATER IS BLAMED Furnishes One of Most Important Means for Dissemination of Vari ous Plant Diseases. (Prepared by the l'n!te1 K.tate Uiah. merit of AjiilcuHure.) Drainage water of the run -off during-heavy r:i Ins probably furnlshc on, of the most important means for tin dissemination of plant diseases and h is been found in many places to evplain the presence of n disease In th-bH where cabbage or other cruel fers have ti4?ver before been grown. Income Frcm Feathers. The fen titer from the gnos"."whl !, nrt generally picked twice a year, amount to fpilte an Income to a hirg" fiock, mid are olwnya salable- at a u ' d trice. IZJt frit t3. Lrt rzr.ztzz !