Newspaper Page Text
CHAS. G. MOREAU, Editor and Publisher.
VOL. I. ALL ABOUT FUNERALS. --- r % Congressmen Are Superstitious About Attending Them. Some Erroneous Impressions Corrected— Tho Arrangement's Made by Congress When tho Death of a Member of Either Haase Is Reported. [Special Washington Letter.! A great deal of editorial chaff, con taining more mis-statements than truths, can he found in the daily papers of this country concerning congres sional funerals. Tho impression has been created by writers who lack re liable information that congressional funerals are undignified, unseemly and disgraceful. This erroneous impression prevails tb such an extent that it might better bo corrected. It is true that it costs from two thou sand to five thousand dollars to pay the expenses of tho funeral of a senator or representative in congress. That is, of course, a very largo sum of money to be expended for tho purpose of convey ing a human being to the quiet of the tomb; but it must be borne in mind all the time that the statesman who dies in the harness belongs to the nation, and that tho people of a congressional dis trict and of a sovereign state expect all honor to be paid to his memory. It has been customary for well-nigh a century, out of respect not only to the deceased, but to his living friends, to have a com mittee of both houses of congress ap pointed to attend the funeral. This necessitates heavy traveling and inci dental expenses, to which I do not be lieve the people of this country object. The expenses of the funeral of the late Senator Plumb, of Kansas, were unusually large because of the distance of the home of the deceased statesman from the national capital. But he was a man not only honored but beloved by the state which he was ably represent ing in the upper house of congress; and, out of respect to his living friends in that state as well as out of respect to his memory and in appreciation of his Invaluable services, the people of this country would not have objected if the expenses of that funeral had been twice what they wore. It has been said, and there are some elements of trutlv and logic in the statement, that distinctions ought to be made in the manifestations of regret for the loss of our public men: and that those unknown to fame should not be entitled to congressional funer als. This matter has been discussed a great deal in the national capital, and the prevailing opinion seems to be that no matter whether a representative shall have attained fame in a national sense or not the people whom ho repre sents will insist upon having due re spect paid to his memory. One of the leading undertakers of this city says: “My bill for the burial of a congressman is from five hundred to eight hundred dollars, according to circumstances. This amount includes the cost of embalming and robing the deceased, the price of the casket, the expenses of carriages and other profes sional ministrations and incidentals. The caskets arc always expensive, and every attention paid to the deceased must be rendered by experienced men whose services must be paid for; so you wfll see that the actual cost of a con gressional funeral in this city is even less than the amount expended often times by private individuals. The re mains of a deceased statesman, after being taken care of by the undertaker, are placed in charge of the sergeant-at arms of the house or of the senate. That official attends to all the details of the funeral, after having consulted with the family and ascertained exactly what they desire to have done; that is. how many carriages arc likely to be needed for the accommodation of friends and relatives, the date of the funeral, the style and cost of casket, and all other THE FUNERAL TRAIN. matters of minor import. Sometimes ten carriages will be sufficient for a congressional funeral, but I have known instances where as many as sixty were required. After the sergeant-at-arms has made his plans, he gives an order to the undertaker, whose business it is to perform his part precisely as in the case of a private individual. The fune ral may take place from the city resi dence of the deceased, or, if it is desired by the family or friends, the funeral arrangements may bo made and obse quies bo held from the capitol. A coffin which is made of polished red cedar and officially known as a ‘state cas ket’ is generally ordered by tho ser geant-at-arms. This coffin is covered with black cloths and has mountings, plate and handles of silver, with a bev eled plate glass top. U la got customary ®te now, as It M4il to be, to order Iron, steel or copper caskets in which to en close the ‘state casket;’ but orders for the additional metallic casket are some times Riven at the present time. No funeral could be more simple than a congressional funeral in this city, for at the conclusion of the services either at the capitol or at the residence the body is unostentatiously escorted to the railway station and put aboard a special train, on which it is conveyed to the former home of the deceased. There are usually three cars in this special train; one for the deceased, one for the family and another one for the commit tee in charge.” The duties of the committee are very simple. Although they have general authority and supervision over all ar rangements for the funeral, they usual ly carry out the plans which have been made by the sorgeant-at-arms, unless something extraordinary or of an un usual nature occurs, when the commit tee will have authority to make neces sary changes in the programme. Their duty is mainly to be present at the funeral, to represent both houses of congress in order that proper respect may be shown to the memory of the de ceased in the presence of his relatives and personal friends. When the dis tance to be traveled is great the ex penses are in proportion, and that is the reason why the cost of congressional funerals varies so much. The hills are always paid by the sergeant-at-arms, after the passage of a resolution in each case, authorizing him to pay such ex penses out of the contingent fund of the house or senate. The main object which I desire to ac complish in writing this letter is to dis abuse the minds of my readers of the THE BUPEBBUTIOUB STATESMAN. idea that a congressional funeral is a junketing trip cn the part of the com mittee which accompanies the remains to their last resting place. It has been asserted that the special car of the con gressional committee is stocked with wines and liquors of all kinds, cigars, pipes and tobacco, and that the mem bers of the committee spend their time upon the funeral train not only in smoking, drinking, carousing and story telling, but in playing poker and other games for money, thus converting the funeral train into a traveling saloon and gambling den. “I have had charge of a great many congressional funerals,” says Mr. Thomas Cavanaugh, late deputy ser geant-at-arms of the house. “I at tended the funerals of Speaker Kerr, Sam Randall, Sunset Cox, Gen. Spinola and others; and upon no occasion have I witnessed any such scenes as are currently described by vapid writers. Every congressional committee that I have known has been composed of hon orable, upright gentlemen, as proud of their own reputations as men can be, and as respectful to the deceased as they could well be towards members of their own families. There is absolutely no truth whatever in the statement that congressional funerals are junketing trips. They are exactly what congress intends they shall be, respectable and respectful funerals. “One peculiar fact, concerning which I have never seen anything in print and of which 1 believe the public knows nothing," continued Mr. Cavanaugh, “is that members of congress do not like to servo upon these congressional funeral committees. It is a matter of no little anxiety and trouble to the speaker upon the occasion of the death of any member of the house to secure a committee to accompany the deceased to his home. If this aversion to service upon such committees were to oc cur in any other body of men I should regard it as a superstition. Of course it is nothing- of the kind, so far as the statesmen are concerned, put it is a singular fact that oftentimes when the committees are ready to be an nounced, gentlemen go to the speaker and beg that their names may be omitted from the list. This necessitates changes in the designations sometimes at the very last moment and causes no little annoyance to the sergeant-at-arms at the same time. When members are ab sent from the house upon any occasion it is necessary to arrange pairs for them. That is, to arrange with members of the opposite party to abstain from vot ing during the absence of the commit teemen. If these congressional trains were of the character so Qippantly de scribed by certain writers, there would be loss difficulty in securing members for service upon these occasions. I; the cortege were to boa picnic or t junketing party, many members would l>e anxious to serve. lint the reverse u true." Sixo D. Fay. ‘‘FUAUXjZIBH INT at.t. THINGS.” BAY ST. LOUIS, MISS., SATURDAY, MAY 7, 1893. A CITY OF LIBEAKIES. Two Grand Structures Dedicated to Learning and Wisdom. The First Section of the Newberry ReC erenco Library Now In Proems of Cob* struct lon—Chicago's Public Li brary In Dearborn Perk. [Special Chicago Letter.] It is not a common thing for one city to contain a number of libraries, each extensive enough to attract the atten tion of bookworms and students in every part of the country. But, as has been remarked before in this corre spondence, Chicago docs nothing by halves, and her enterprising and wcathy citizens provide even in death means to extend her fame and glory 'unto the uttermost ends of the earth. Twenty-four years ago Walter Loomis Newberry left half of his princely es tmtm* ffifffffi Kwtiitw THE NEWBERRY LIBRARY. tate for the founding of a public library to be located in the north division of Chicago, and more recently Mr. Crerar bequeathed a goodly portion of his wealth for the establishment of a simi lar institution in the south division. The city of Chicago has a public library second to but few in the country, and it is a source of great pride to the li brarian and western people in general that the circulating branch of this mu nicipal enterprise enjoys a larger popu larity than any similar institution in the United States. The new Chicago university has, as everybody knows, re cently purchased a choice collection of books, pamphlets and manuscripts in Berlin; and the Northwestern universi ty at Evanston, a suburb of Chicago, has for many years been gathering the nucleus for a college library which, in time, under the able direction of some of the foremost American bibliophiles, promises to be the rarest and most com plete on the continent. The Newberry library, to which ref erence has been made, will, when com pleted, be the most perfect library build ing in existence. When Mr. Newberry died twenty-four years ago, he provided for the erection of a suitable building and the purchase of books ,but his will was so worded that the trustees could not spend any money until after the death of his widow, which occurred late in 1885. Since that time some books have been purchased—Bs,ooo books and 45,000 pamphlets at an estimated expense of $242,000 —but very little has been done to push the library building to completion. The newspapers of the city have lately agitated the matter, and the trustees appointed under the will have at last shown a willingness to comply with the wishes of the public, which, it is hardly necessary to say, clamors for the rapid completion of the building. Work on one of the sections of the library is carried on as rapid ly as the nature of the massive con struction will permit. This section, which was planned by Henry Ives Cobb, will, when completed, be four stories in height with a frontage of 300 feet on Walton place and extend back on North Clark street and Dearborn avenue 75 feet. The material to be em ployed is rough-faced red New Hamp shire granite. The front of the library will be severely plain, the only orna mental feature being a triple-arched front arch. Above the arches the stone will be a mass of delicate carving. The interior arrangement will be as near perfect as possible. The base ment will be devoted to book-binding, the machinery, boilers, engine, lumber rooms and the bedrooms of the janitor and his assistants. The first floor will contain an auditorium with a seating capacity of 600, two large administra tion rooms, a museum and offices. The second and third floors will be given up to fourteen large reading rooms and fourteen small studies, which are to be lighted by large plate glass windows and will occupy about 21,000 square feet of floor space. The DESIGN ACCEPTED FOR CHICAGO’S PUB LIC LIBRARY. top floor will al*o be divided into bed ooms and studies. The entire building s, of course, to be lighted by electrie ty ami heated hot water. The cost f the section of the library here dc cribed will, according to the estimate ,l tIJO architect, esseed SOOO,QOQ. Eventually additions will be made to this building 1 . Dr. William F. Poole, who was for many years director of the city's public library, has complete charge of the Newberry institution, and to him more than to any other influence is due the decision of the trustees establishing an exclusively reference library, modeled on the plan of the Astor library at New York. Dr. Poole was also instrumental in bringing about a radical departure from the conventional style in the ar rangements of the proposed building, which is divided in a number of rooms each of which will bo devoted to vol umes on one special subject This in novation will enable a specialist to se cure the book he wants in a moment, and at the same time he has all works of reference in relation to the subject to be investigated before him. It also les sens danger by Are, for as each depart ment will be separated from its neigh bor by a heavy stone or brick wall a conflagration can easily be confined to the department in which it may hap pen to originate. The means at the disposal of the trustees of the Newberry library are enormous. When the division of prop erty was made, according to the wishes of the testator, the library share amounted to $2,149,201. Instead of be ginning building operations without de lay, the trustees appointed a librarian and rented a small building for the stor age of such books as might be picked up by Dr. Poole and his assistants, C. A. Nelson, formerly librarian of the Astor library, and Dr. Carl Pietsch, the well known German philologist. Now, how ever, work is in progress in every de partment, and the first section of what will unquestionably bo the leading ref erence library of America will be fin ished by January, 1893. The Chicago public library, now lo cated in the city hall building, is, as has already been indicated, one of the popu lar institutions of this great city. It has for years been patronized by the repre sentatives of all classes and conditions of citizens: by Americans, Germans, Irishmen, Frenchmen, Italians, Rus sians. Danes, Swedes, Norwegians, Poles, Bohemians, Spaniards, Turks, Hungarians and Japanese. I know of no more interesting place than the lobby of the public library. Men born underevery European flag and speaking all the languages and dialects of the continent can be seen every day and evening examining reference books or borrowing standard works of fiction for home reading. The management has aimed to keep pace with the demand made upon the circulating depart ment of the library, and thousands of volumes have been added annually tc the original choice collection. The want of more room at last be came so apparent that a prize was offered for the best plan for a library building, and this prize has recently been awarded to Mr. Charles A. Cool idge, a Boston architect. The new library is to be erected in Dearborn park, near the business center of the city, and will cost $1,200,000, exclusive of machinery and fixtures. From the specifications accompanying the draw ings it is learned that the building will be of the Roman classic style of archi tecture. An imposing arch, suggested by the famous arch of Titus, is to grace the main entrance. The exterior will be built of finely-dressed blue Bedford stone, excepting the water table which will"be of granite. The colonnade will be formed of lonic columns, surmounted by a frieze containing the names of th world’s most famous writers. The floor of the entrance hall and corridors will be of marble mosaic. The main stair cases, the walls of the two entrance vestibules and of the corridors leading from them will be marble. The ceiling will be light cream-colored terracotta, beautifully decorated. A marble wains coting eleven feet six inches in height will extend around the delivery room. The walls will correspond with th* ceiling of the entrance vestibules, a low, elliptical dome serving as a skylight. The main reading-room will have a marble base, and the wall surfaces, treated in the form of pilasters, will be in light terracotta with a modeled frieze and fancy ceiling of terracotta. The main reference room will receive similar treatment. The so-called “stack”-room will be constructed of white enameled brick with unglazed tile floor so as to keep the apartment light and free from dust. The committee appointed to award the prize says of Mr. Coolidge’s plans: “The building proposed by Mr. Coolidge affords the greatest amount of light to the interior; it is simple and economic in construction: it is dignified and im posing in style and happily indicates the character and purposes of the structure.” Lovers of good books the world over will congratulate Chicago upon its bright prospects and will be pleased to know that this western city is the first to undertake the erection of two fire proof library buildings at the same time. When the Crerar library is added to these structures—and that will be in the near future—this city, once despised by literary men and viewed with scorn by eastern scholars, will have a verita ble treasure of precious books and manuscripts and will become the Mecca of students in every branch of science. G. W. Weippiert, One View of It. M I don’t think it’s exactly fair for my teacher to keep me in because she can't road my writing.” said Willie. “It isn’t my fault if she doesn't know bow to read.”—llarjpcv's Bazar, marrying titles. It Is a Risky llushioss as Well as an Ex pensive One. If an American widow or maid chooses to take her millions ami lay them down on foreign soil in exchange for a title, there surely should he no objection to her doing so. If this is the free country which it claims to be, any interference with "liberty and the pursuit of happiness” is clearly uncon stitutional. Of course, there is a groat risk to run. American girls are not brought up in foreign ways, and alli ances of this sort are almost always inharmonious; but that is or should be so well understood, that it is part of the contract and a natural consequence of such an arrangement. Therefore, if my lady finds herself black and blue from the too. too material chldings of her lord and master, let her not be rebellious, but accept stripes as a part of her bargain. As she has sold herself for a title, let her title console her in her trials. While there are, possibly, some happy and harmonious relations between American girls and titled foreigners, the number is very small as compared with those that turn out disastrously to the woman in the case. Especially is this true of marriages with titled Frenchmen and Italians. The constitution of society in those countries is so unlike ours, and the position of women differs so greatly from that to which American women arc accustomed, that half a lifetime is not too long to learn to adjust oneself to sucli changed conditions. In defense of the women, it is said that those who marry titled foreigners have Jive abroad long enough to be come acquainted with foreign ways and foreign men. But this is scarcely possible unless they have lived in those countries and been a part and parcel of the family life, and even then it is difficult to learn the undercurrents of a society so diamet rically opposite to ours in many par ticulars. If happiness is the object in life, as it seems to be to many persons, then it should be sought where individual fancy directs. What is the highest happiness to some is the greatest misery to others. Therefore it may be said that if the American girl finds a title in the bright est day-dreams of her life, let her buy it if she has the money to do so. But having done this, and taken with the title the various peculiarities and eccen tricities of the foreign nobleman, let her seek consolation in the fact that she has got what she paid for, and should take the consequences "like a little man.”—N. Y. Ledger. HE PROTESTED. A Tenderfoot That Had No Idea of Dying. The bad man of the town had been bulldozing all the customers in the Gray Gulch saloon, and finally he rolled across the room and resting both hands on the counter he fixed his terrible eye on the tenderfoot who had just arrived that day to fill the position of drink dis penser in waiting to the sovereign peo ple. "Say, young feller,” he growled, "do for want ter die?” “I beg your pardon?” said the young man, with the manners of a Deimoni co bar-ister. "You don’t have ter,” snarled the rough, still holding on to the counter. “I don’t do the pard’nin’; I does the killin’. What I want to know is, do you want ter die?” “No, I don’t, and I won’t either,” snapped the young fellow, sticking a “44” revolver into the questioner’s face, "unless you can pull a gun with your teeth, for if you move your hands off that counter before I say you can I’ll fill you so full of lead that the coroner will think he has struck a Galena de posit that will boom the town out of sight. See?” The bad man held on to the counter till the tenderfoot made every customer in the place come forward and kick him awhile for luck, then he bounced him out and resumed business.—Detroit Free Press. The New Walter. “This coffee is so poor I can’t drink it.” "Just shut your eyes, put it out of sight, and don’t say anything about it,” was the reply of the new waiter, who was something of a humorist. The guest did not make any reply, but when he came to pay he handed over to the proprietor of the establish ment a solitary cent. "Where is the rest of the money?" “Just shut your eyes, put it out of sight, and don’t say a word about it. That’s wbat your new waiter said when I told him the coffee was weak.” The new waiter tendered his resigna tion.—Texas Siftings. 4 Knew Her Darling. Mr. Jolliboy—My gracious! Thisold fashioned snow-storm makes me feel young again. Little Johnny should be over at the hill, coasting, instead of sitting in a stuffy school-room such grand weather as this. I’ll go up to the school and find him. Mrs. J. (quietly)—Perhaps, my dear, you might save some steps by looking for him on the hill first.—Good News. Uettln? Kven. Bull—l hear that Lambkin made a good thing out of his Wall street deal. Bear—Why, 1 thought he lost all his money. Bull—He did. But he married the daughter of the wps who got Unpack. TERMS: 81.00 Per Annum In Advance.' school and church. —The total income of the church of England is about 81,000,000 a week. —Twenty England and American women are studying at the university in Leipsie. —Nine Boston churches are without pastors, one of which has been seeking in vain for one for three years. —The Universalist church in Glasgow is the only regularly organized church in Great Britain that has a woman for its fully-accredited pastor. —The followers of the Shintonist re ligion in Japan number about .’.,000,000 souls, and have about 800,000 temples, four or five of which are presided over by one minister, who also teaches in the J apanese grammar schools. —Next to the Moravians the United Presbyterians of Scotland are the mis sionary church. Their 570 churches, with 185,000 members, contributed 8100,• 000 last year, and the gain of converts was 600 during the year.—lllustrated Christian Weekly. —ln the Moody Bible institute, Chi cago, the eighty-three young men who are students represent eleven denomi nations and fourteen states, besides twenty-six from England and Canada. And there are fifty-six women from seventeen states. —The Salvation Army has secured a strong foothold in Buenos Ayres. Dur ing the financial troubles it was able to help thousands of men thrown out ol work to food and shelter. It has a thriving farm colony, and is training Spanish-speaking cadets.—Missionary Review. —Women of the south are agitating the question of schools of high grade and possibly colleges for their daugh ters. A suggestion has been made thnl a monument to the memory of womeu who won a noble name in the civil war by deeds of self-sacrifice, take the form of a college for women, and that Mrs. Jefferson Davis be made president for life. —The United States general conven tion of Universalists has recently is sued its annual statement of the condi tion of the church as follows: Number of parishes, 947; number of ministers, 735; number of families, 43,089; church membership, 41,177; Sunday-school membership, 56,110; property, lessdebt., 87,968,348; expenses and contributions, 81,192,854. —Amherst college has 336 undergrad uate students, of whom 234 are mem bers of churches. Over fifty of the stu dents are looking forward to the min istry. Last year thirty-nine graduates were attending Congregational theolog ical schools, a larger number by seven teen than that furnished by any other institution represented. A movement has been started to support an alumnus on the missionary field, and the treas urer has already in hand 8703 for this purpose. —A western university, the universe ty of Kansas, which President Eliot o( Harvard ranks second only -to the Michigan university among the great western schools, has just established a unique department having for its ob ject the study of the progress of wom en in the world’s history. The uni versity has just received a bequest amounting to nearly 8100,000, from the estate of the late William B. Spooner, of Boston, uncle of the present chan cellor of the university. —The sales and profits of the Meth odist book concerns, east and west, for the past year were very large. A divi dend of 8125,000 has been declared for the support of superannuated ministers and of the widows and children of dead ministers. This sum will be divided among the annual conferences. During the year 1801 the New York concern sold 81,061,076.38 worth of books and periodicals, with a profit of 8133.413.68. The Cincinnati branch reported sales of 81,141,038.03, and profits of 817) ,073.13. CARPETS AND RUGS. As In Other Things, “The Best Is the Cheapest.” In buying carpets remember that the best are the cheapest. The more lim ited one’s means are the more essential it is that only a good article shall bo purchased. The best quality of body Brussels will outwear two or more of the cheaper tapestry carpets. A finely woven, smooth ingrain carpet may cost half a dollar more per yard than one of common texture, but it will be cheaper in the end. Nothing is more unsatis factory than one of the looselv-woven straw mattings. A fine matting, cost ing, say, a dollar and a quarter a yard, will last a dozen years or more, with constant wear, too. It is so fine that but little dust sifts through, and the strands do not pull apart, as in coarser grades. Rugs for the center of the room can be made from a body Brussels, with a border to match. They should be tacked down. Japanese cotton rugs, pretty and dura ble, cost from three to six dollars. They arc good for bedrooms, bath rooms and sitting-rooms. Buy hand some rugs whenever you can afford to. They are a good investment; for, un like carpets, they do not wear out, and you can hand them down in the family the same as silver or diamonds. A beautiful Oriental rug is a joy forever. In selecting one be particular to see that the colors are rich and have some brightness. In general, when choosing carpets, have the groundwork rather light, and the colors somewhat neu tral. Such a carpet will always look clean, and you will not feel the need of shutting out the sunlight through feat of fa,diu£.— -Ladies’ lloiwv* Journal. NO. 17.