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VHAS. O. MOREAU, Editor and Publisher.
VOL. 11. STRANGE STRUCTURES. Soma of tha Queer Buildings of tha White City. Odd and Airy Dwelling* of the Javaneae Straw-Stack Huts of the South , Islanders Notes tn General. f ISpeclal Chicago Correspondence! There never was a queerer lot of buildings gotten.together than are *o be seen in the Columbian metropolis at Jackson park. Scattered throughout the grounds are all the different styles ■of architecture of every race of people <m the globe, from the bush hut of the .Australian ranger to the palace of the American millionaire. A study of the primitive structures of the savages of far distant islands of the great oceans is afforded the peopfe of ’the big cities of civilization, who but for this grand fair would have had no knowledge of them save that gleaned from books of travel. There is also an excellent opportunity to become ac quainted with the manners and customs of the strange races of the earth in their everyday life at the fair, for everything is just as it is in their native villages beyond the big waters. In the fair grounds proper there are the Esquimaux, the cliff dwellers of the southwest and the aborigines of the eastern states. These arc domi ciled each colony by itself in dwellings fashioned after those of their native habitations, conforming as near as pos JAVA VILLAGE. Bible to the native architecture for the benefit of the civilized world. Ihe little people of the extreme north in their enforced imitation of semi tropic customs are not altogether in their proper element, but they manage to hang on to the ragged edge of exist ence and give a very faithful repre sentation of their home life in the frigid zone. In somewhat as forlorn a condition are the tawny-skinned denizens of the mountains of Mexico, who, in order to carry out the idea of being domiciled FIJI DRUMMER. in their native state, are compelled to lead a counterfeit existence in a huge heap of tin fashioned as nearly like a miniature mountain as the car penters and tinners of the fair could make it. Then there are the various tribes of eastern Indians in their make-believe tepees over on the lake front. Here there is a more faithful representation of natural conditions than is to be found in either of the other colonies. But for the genuine article of primi tive architecture the Midway Plaisance must be sought. Here are the Lapland ers, South Sea islanders, Javaness, Da homeyans, all of whom hold forth in villages composed of houses fashioned after the ones they live in when at home in their own countries. More picturesque and /liry than the rest are, possibly, the diminutive dwell ings of the Javanese. Constructed ■"holly of .bamboo and matting mode of splints, they are the perfection the Sea Coast (fdC' of hot weather quarters. From a casual Fiance one wouldthink they wouH& hardly withstand *|Maintest puff df wind, so lightly are tffey constructed, yet through the many severe blows to which Chicago has been subjected since they were erected they have remained intact. Among the queer structures of this quaint little village is the theater building in the central portion of the A BUSH HUT. grounds. This is a somewhat preten tious building to be constructed of such light material. It is about thirty feet high, thirty feet wide and fifty feet long and is composed of nothing but bamboo poles, ingeniously put together, and matting such as is used on the ■other houses. The work of building this village was a mammoth undertaking for the little brown people who Inhabit it, but >n their leisurely fashion they finally accomplished it, and are now quite comfortable and contented in their little dove-cotes of houses. _ Nearly as odd as the houses of the diminutive Javanese are the huts of the Fijians, close by on the opposite side of the Plaisance. Strongly resembling scooped-out straw stacks of an ancient date, they nevertheless afford the in habitants ample protection from all kinds of weather. This is all that is required of them, as the highest con ception of comfort of which these peo ple are capable is a full stomach and a place to crawl into and sleep. We might go on and enumerate the different styles of architecture in vogue among the civilised nations, but lack of space will not permit Suffice it to say that there is hardly a characteristic architecture in the world that is not represented in our great White City. And not only the buildings are shown, but the minutest details of everyday life are faithfully portrayed, so that a few hours spent among the villages of the fair will afford about as much knowledge of the different countries as would a complete tour of the world. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. The History of Music Illustrated by a Hare Collection. An important group of exhibits in the department of liberal arts com prises music and musical instruments. The design of the musical exhibit is to illustrate the history and theory of music, showing crude and curious in struments which have led up to the present development. There are por traits of great musicians, and priceless musical scores of the past In musical instruments there are specimens of those used in the earliest times. Self vibrating instruments include tam borines, cymbals, castanets, bells, chimes, xylophones and music boxes. In stringed instruments there are lutes, guitars, banjos, mandolins, harps, zithers, dulcimers, and a most interest ing collection of the violin family, run ning the gamut from viol and violon cello to the bass viol. In keyboard in struments there is a very large ex hibit of modern pianos, square, up right and grand. Side by side with this exhibit are shown the predecessors of the piano, including the clavichord, manichord and harpischord. Then there is every variety of wind instru ment, from the flute and flageolet, through the range of bugles, cornets and horns, up to the organ family,, in cluding the largest pipe organs, which are placed as exhibits in music hall and choral halL “I’RAXUjIJas IN AXjZj THINGS.” BAY ST. LtMBIS, MISS., SATURDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1893. THE WORK OF SAVAGES^ MJ Queer Things In the Australian Mr hlblt. Interesting', though largely “photo graphic,” is the Australian collective exhibit in the Anthropological building. Having joined forces with the British South Sea island possessions, many cu rious native implements are shown. In laid bowls, modeled in curious design, combs, idols, hair.pins, paddles and in laid wooden spears, with one thousand other odds and ends, and photographs bewildering make up the collection. Although chiefly the work of canna balistic tribes, some beautiful bits of decorative wood and pearl show the artistic in the savage; and, what is more, the Illawarra tribe from New South Wales has an artist whose paint ings are on exhibition and valued. His name was “Mickey,” ami he was the shining light of the tribe. “Mickey” wasn’t always an artist For many years he fought and battled with opposing tribes, but from exposure rheumatism set into his joints and he was unable to walk. He lay around his hut unable to move, and realizing that his days were nearly over he gave up all hope of ever again throwing the friendly boomerang in warfare, and de cided to make a name for himself and to prove to the world that he was not an ordinary savage. So he drew pictures of fishes in the water, boats sailing, and trees—in fact, made pictures of his own native heath. Viewed from an artist’s standpoint they are not in harmony with the mod ern French ideas, but as a savage ex pression of art are interesting and show great knowledge of form. “Mickey” is dead now, but he has accomplished his ideal and we know he rests in the realm of the great. Mr. Bowman, the superintendent of the exhibit, says he. would speak to no one while at work, but kept away from the tribe, and when his picture was finished would call the chiefs and have a grand dance. “Mickey” was also a “Duk-Duk,” and of course on that account was much re spected by the cannibals all over the islands. The Duk-Duk is a secret society on the island of Tareyn and is strictly tabn. So strict are the rules of the or ganization that should an uninitiated boy or woman chance upon the island he or she would be instantly killed or beaten and tortured to death. The be lief of the islanders is that the Duk- Duk are devils, and as they carry bones around their neck which when shaken make a great rattle, the superstition is that the Duk-Duk’s bones are not in the body, but outside, and they shake in the wind. Should a Duk-Duk visit another island sure death would befall the chief of the island visited. The system of Duk-Duk has lodges all over the island, and Mr. Bowman says that they are organized purely for the pur pose of promoting cannibalism and preventing the white man from civil izing and instructing them. INDIAN EDUCATION. The Canadian Exhibit In the Ml,oral Arts Building; at the World's Fair. In. some particulars the British methods of managing the North Ameri can Indians has been more successful than that pursued by the white people south of the great lakes. In Canada's exhibit in the Liberal Arts building there is an Indian exhibition which shows that the Canadians have relied upon the education of the Indians to control them. Long preceding like effort in the United States, the Cana dians have had Indian industrial schools in operation, and the exhibit in Canada’s display consists of products of these schools, and along with it at present are seven Indian girls and boys. They are from the northwest territory, and are pupils of St. Albert’s school, Edmonton, San Boniface’s school, opposite Winnipeg, and the school af BatUeford on the Saskatche wan river. The girls and boys repre sent the Crees, Satteux and Musko gons of the northwest territory, and are from the blanketed or most un civilized tribes of the dominion. The children are kept at work before the public at their respective trades, and make an interesting and creditable showing at mantua-making, harness making, boot and shoe making, and typesetting. They are surrounded by samples of work from all the industrial schools, and in contrast are arrayed Indian fabrications, feathered garments, utensils and weapons, which they made wore, and used in the savage state. The exhibit in its entirety is striking and interesting, and instructive in showing what the Canadians are doing for its six hundred children in the in dustrial schools and seven thousand at the Indian day and boarding schools. The children at present at work will be rep’aced by others soon from other schools, and Charles de Cazes, who has the Canadian Indian exhibit in charge, will shortly have some of the blanketed Indians of the northwest territory added to Prof. Putnam’s ethnological exhibit Forty-five engines are in the power plant, not including motors scattered all through the White City. There is one engine twice as large as the great Corliss over which the world wondered at the centennial. Twenty gondolas managed by Vene tian gondoliers, four state barges, forty live electric launches, twenty steam launches and six steamboats navigate tha interior waters of the fair. PERSONAL AND VTERARY. —Mrs. Arthur Stannard has resumed the editorship of Winter’s Weekly, which was founded by her nearly three years ago. Another well-known wom an editor is the countess of Aberdeen, who, with her daughter. Lady Majorie Gordon, edits the child's paper, Wee Willie Winkle. —Miss Edith Carrington has written a book called “Workers Without Wage,” dealing with all kinds of ani mals, including the earwig She has been asked by the English Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals to write another book, which thi socie ty will publish officially. —Edwin C. Marshall, who died in San Francisco ’recently, was a brother of Kentucky's orator, “Tom” Marshall, and himself and eloquent speaker and a man of brilliant parts. In his younger years he practiced law in the courts of Lexington and Versailles, and the reputation for wit he made then still lives in the blue-grass region. —Logan Carlisle, chief clerk of the United States treasury department, is thirty-two years of age. He is directly responsible for the expenditure of over $3,000,000 annually. He is the son of the secretary of the treasury and was selected because his father wanted a person upon whom he could implicitly rely. Young Carlisle is equal, tp the trust. ■ /’, —When the marquis of Salisbury, then Lord Robert Cecil, was a young man he went to Australia to seek his fortune. This was in 1832. He worked in the Mount Alexander and Bendigo gold fields, roughing it like the average prospector, doing his own cooking and washing and generally accommodating himself to the customs of the country. He found little gold, but accumulated a stock of rugged health that stood him in good stead during the exhausting political cam paigns of his later years. —Bayard Taylor’s home of Cedar croft, just sold, lies in one of the love liest agricultural regions of the At lantic coast. It was here that Sidney Lanier wrote some of his best poems. Mr. Taylor himself had become so much a man of the world that he was somewhat at outs with the somewhat narrow Quaker community in which his home was, but he had strong local attachments, and it was a pleasant thing to see him striding about the pretty village of Kennett Square, his iron-gray beard and ruddy face known to all whom he met. —Mr. Anthony J. Drexel, the Phila delphia philanthropist and the founder of the Drexel institute in that city, who died r suddenly of apoplexy at Carlsbad, Germany, last June, was born in Philadelphia in 1826. The house of Drexel & Cos. was established by his father in 1837 and Anthony en tered the bank at the age of thirteen. On the death of P. M. Drexel in 1803, his sons, A. J. and Francis A., suc ceeded him, and the firm became one of the most substantial in the country. The New York house was founded in 1850, and the Paris branch in 1867. HUMOROUS. . ~He—“Do you think my mustache is becoming?” She—“l don’t know. Point out the man who is wearing it, please.”—ln ter-Ocea n. —The bravest man on earth has been “found in Indiana. lie organized all the church singers in town into one choir.—Cleveland Plain Dealer. —City Sportsman—“ Have you seen anything worth shooting at around here?” Farmer—“ Well, no; not until you came.” —Somerville Journal. —Mrs. Dangle—“ What do the papers mem by the phrase ‘painful silence, dear? 1 don’t see how silence could ever be painful, do you?” Dangle— “No, I can’t, Mrs. Dangle; no, I can’t.” —Buffalo Courier. —“Mb,” said a newspaper man’s son, “I know why editors call themselves ‘we.’ ” “Why?” “So’s the man who doesn't like the article will think there are too many people for him to tackle.” —Washington Star. —Too Powerful.—“ When are you going to give us the rest of that article on the ‘Power of the Press?’ ” inquired the foreman. “I dunno,” said the ed itor. “I just got a finger mashed in that cussed jobber.”—Truth. —That Drove Her Off.—“ Why did you leave your last place?” said Mrs. Cumso to a girl who wanted a position in the kitchen. “Because the missus went an’ took lessons at a cookin’ school, mum.”—Puck. —“Why, Tompkins, what are you thinking about? Wearing a silk hat in July?” “Can’t help it, old man. Went yachting yesterday, and my straw, true to the old proverb, showed which way the wind blew.”—Harper's Bazar. —Another Bird, Entirely.—“Do you you know that Charley intimates that you have wings?” remarked Miss Peterby to her bosom friend. Miss Mur ray Hill. “Ah, I see, he called me his angel!” “No; he said you were a little goose.”—Texas Siftings. —“I do think Jack is the most gen erous man,” she said to her caller. “It is pleasant to feel that way towards your husband. Has he been giving you jewelry?” “No. But we*had a little controversy about something, and he bet me a box of candy against a box of cigars. And do you know the dear fellow seemed dreadfully worried for fear I would bise.”—Washington Star. TERROR AND TENDERFOOT. A ’Story of Cold Nerve Developed Under Stress of Clrrnmstenees. “Asa general thing.” said an old forty-niner, “the tenderfoot wasn't in It with the bad man of the raining camp, and it wasn't natural to expect that he should be, but occasionally there did appear one who could more than hold his own. I recall a man named Caleb Finby, who came to Dream gulch in its earlier days when that region was full of bad men. He was a tall, spare young man with a head full of brains and he was quick and businesslike in everything that he did, but still he was not a man that the generality of men would have picked out as the possessor of nerve. “Mr. Finby set out one day to go to the. neighboring camp of Devil’s Claw canyon. As he was proceeding along the road he suddenly came upon, or, rather, there came suddenly upon him, a man who asked him to throw up his hands. It was Big Bill Belter, the ter ror of Devil’s Claw canyon. “‘I throw ’em-up,’ said Mr. Finby, cheerfully, as he raised them, ‘because you ask me to, and I don't want to seem impolite. But at the same time I must inform you that you are taking an entirely unnecessary precaution; my gun isn’t loaded.' “Mr. Belter was himself a man of fine gall, and his recognition of that quality in another awakened in him a certain degree of admiration. Quick to perceive the chance in Mr. Belter’s manner, faint and undefined as it was, Mr. Finby went on: ‘“But I realize now as I have done before* the carelessness of going about in this way practically unarmed, and if you'll permit me I’ll load now as a guard against future contingencies..’ “Mr. Finby's hands came down as he uttered the concluding words, for he had seen the hand that had held the pistol leveled against him fall slowly as the terror listened with a sort of astonished amusement. “Mr. Finby had in his hip pocket a pistol and in his waistcoat pocket a box of cartridges, which he had bought in deference to the advice of friend*, but which he had never brought together into useful conjunction, partly because he was not personally bloodthirsty, and partly because of overconfidence in the human race. But he proceeded now to load with perfect calmness, but in his heart amazed at the utter lack of precaution now dis played by Mr. Belter, who stood lean in f> against a tree and laughing, ap parently quite overcome by the broad humor of the situation. Suddenly it was discovered that Mr. Finby’6 gun was being held in such a position that Mr. Belter could, without inconven ience, look square into the muzzle of it, and Mr. Belter discovered also at the same moment in Mr. Finby’s eye a light whose meaning no sane man could by any possibility misunderstand. Mr. Belter was a man with a vast apprecia tion of the humorous, but not even his sense of humor could discover the faintest gleam of fun in the situation as at present developed, and he suffered the tenderfoot to proceed without fur ther molestation.”—N. Y. Sun. Water and Milk. Two cultured Detroit girls were at a country house for a month, kept by an honest old farmer, and just after sup per they sat down to talk over their pleasant surroundings. “Just think,” said one, “what lovely milk that was. Nice and rich, and so much better than that blue stuff we get in town.” “It's too good to last, I'm afraid,” responded the older one. Next morning they were -up early, walking through the garden before breakfast. The farmer and his hired man were in the cow-lot adjoining. “Bill,” they heard him call out, “did you water them cowj before you milked ’em?” The girls looked at each other with quick understanding. “There,” exclaimed the elder, “didn’t I tell you it was too good to last,” and ♦hey went slowly and sadly into the hou^.expecting to find blue milk for breakfast.—Detroit Free Press. S—y , , He FounV. Out. In administering punishment in the navy different penalties carry with them reduction 'to .a lower conduct class. Of these , there are four, the fourth being the low<|Mt, and one placed in it is deprived at Ahpre leave for a period of three For some breach the executive officer of the United States ship Juniata found it necessary to place a man on the fourth class who decided to try to obtain a mitigation of his sentence. With this object in view he sought and obtained an interview with the executive officer, when the following conversation en sued: “Well, L—, you wanted to see me?’ “Yes, sir, I did. I wanted to know, Mr. B—, why you put me on the fourth class?” “Ah, you want to know why I put you on the fourth class, eh? Well, I’ll teU you, L—, I put you on the fourth class because I hadn’t a fifth class to put you on. Now go forward.” He went.—Chicago News. A Wise hnm. Mrs. Wesley Crosscut—You’re surely not going to be away Wednesday nightl Don’t you remember that is the date Deacon ’Bunco has set for our pound party? Uev. Wesley Crosscut (firmly) -I do, my dear; but I prefer the ounce of pre vention.—Puck. 7 TERMS: SI.OO Per Ainmm ia Advance SCHOOL AND CHURC ’ ■ A. —A Sanskirt school for Hindoo g\ has been opened in Calcutta. I v —lt is now just 100 years since '■ estant missionary work was begtmiM,- India. I m —A new theological seminary been established by the synod of Kea-S. tucky of the Presbyterian church soOUH at Louisville, Ky. 1 j —There are 485 missionaries on. fbslS staff of the Londori city missioAH French, Germans, Spaniards and foreigners are employed to reach ce tain classes. —Prof. William S. Tyler, for fl years the loved and honored profes of Greek at Amherst college, Mat chusetts, often called “the Amhe Socrates," is to retire from his positi and devote himself to the preparat of a book. —Mrs. Sarah B. Cooper, who arg iaed the first kindergarten in 8i Francisco in 1880, has received Flora . than <300,000 to enable her to early on ! the work. There are now sixtlfivp. kindergartens in the city, and hora ,>i than 10,000 children have been traned in them. 1 - woffl —Many Stundistsnow in banishremt f in Transcaucasia will petition the cWr to change their place of exile \% Siberia, were agricultural land Vs s plentiful and where they may have some chance of making a living. Now they are entirely dependent upon the charity of their friends. —Seventy young men have gone from * the Evangelists' home, Birmingham. to preach in England and abroad. Their work is on nonsectarian lines, and their labors have been wonderfully-aucoe*#^ ‘ ' ful. Mr. Adell is about to build a large hall in the thickly populated part >of Birmingham, to gather in the neglected masses. \ —Fifty years ago there were twenty four professors in the university at Cambridge, of whom five only were lay men. There are now forty professoral of whom, excluding the professors of divinity, only three are in holy orders; while at Oxford, of the forty-eight pro fessors, excluding the professors of divinity, again only three are clergy- I men.—Nineteenth Century. —Rev. M. M. Vaneleavc, pastor of the Baptist church at Crawfordsvllle, fnd., has the enviable ministerial record of having married seven hundred and six ty couples. This venerable clergyman, has preached the Gospel for neatly eighty years, and the good, old-fash ioned ceremony with which he ties the nuptial knot neatly and with dispatch makes the ordeal a pleasu -e evetkrip the most bashful swain. —lt was decided by the Hsftywnc. burgh missionaries among the! Zulus, 1 after holding a conference, to abolish the prevailing custom among the na tives of exchanging girls and worn for cattle. S( range to say, ‘A——- tian converts refuse to sub innovation, and have dema. A missionaries that they prov, M from the Scriptures that it Wo,S unlawful for them to sell their daugh ters for cattle. —Nagasaka, the educated Jap who fell in love with the Salvation army at Adelphi theater, San Francisco, Is now on his way to London to lay the qlalms of Japap bufore Gen. Booth. Since his conversion Nagasaka has beeru, busy translating the army literature into hla own language, and some two hundre army songs, besides the general’s holi ness readings, pamphlets, explanatory of the Salvation army, are now to, b* found in the hieroglyphics of Nagas ka's vernacular. —At the French'government agricul tural colleges students may enter at fourteen years of age, after a strict ex amination in general knowledge. They pay nearly ninety dollars per annum ■ for tuition, board and lodging, and the , course lasting three years. Therein free scholarships. There are Juto class rooms, laboratories, also natt&f history collections. Each day &1 hours are given to practical work and five to lectures and class work. Each boy in turn spends a week in the kitchen, and a week in taking np and bringing in vegetables from farm or garden. They study chemistry, botany," geology, animal physiology, veterV- sho science and carpentry. * —— u h The Vanishing of Aplrtts. When one comes to think of It, if jnst as strange that a ghost should i’gj, appear as that it should appear. Bind is it managed? Out of three gh£°t* which I have viewed, none disappeared all went past or round the corner, I did not know they were ghosts tint later circumstances made that highly probable, if not precisely!tivciy ble of exact demonstration. 9* them certainly was not anybody not have been, but was in a ferent from the dress actually the moment by the living whom it was the phantom. flVsmty sleep suddenly for a minute we may dream in that minute; but how is one to know one was asleep? cases of contradictory evidence w have arisen from these queer I I I IMG logical conditions. A seer ma for perjury with the best desire the truth.—Andrew Lang, in man’s Magazine. Of Cent** She Been. CE .. h Mrs. Mcßride —I wish yon me why Patti calls every ope v tours a “farewell tour " My. Mcßride—Doesn’t she far every time?—Detroit fti NO. 39.