Newspaper Page Text
CHAS. O. MOREAU, Editor and Pabllihtr.
VOL. 11. ODD ENTERTAINMENTS. Somo of the Singular Sight* Which Greet World’s Fiur Visitors. International Boat and Swimming Itaoes, jSS and Fetes—A Curious ■ i 1 '.Mingling of Many Strange ; * J Races of People. [Special Chicago Correspondence. 1 VERY taking . '*• ;%■ lyQmO gramme at the jj-a world’s far of f erent races of ■•Mw. the Plaisatice. V \\ To provide some V \ diversi o n for ' visitors who KU the sights and whose in in the exhibits was flag he management contrived leetings between the peo l nation* in tests of aquatic and that their efforts have been tSd has been satisfactorily demonstrated by tlje large and eager crowds which have been present at these unique entertainments. Such bouts were hardly ever before wit nessed as have taken place in the la goon of the White City since the novel qktaa was first introduced, a few days ego. There have been entered in these remarkable contests representatives of Almost every race under the sun, ex cepting the Chinese. John is not a JwW’bf notoriety and prefers the re tirement o i his own quiet quarters and —ths Seductive fumes of his peculiar pipe to the noise and excitement of a public gathering. Besides he is not much given to sports, beyond an occasional hand at his favorite fan-tan, bung-100 or some other game of chance which does not call for much physical exertion. ■i ; > jMI STREETS OF CAIRO. The course followed In the canoe and swimming races is through the court of honor before the Administration build ing and' north to the wooded island, Ijtad while the races are going on the wiers and bridges along the line are a -Iwlid mass of people. / i- -Prizes ranging in value according to 3he difficulty of the feat to be per formed are awarded to the successful* competitor in each bout, and it is high-* iy amusing to witness the efforts A the different nationalities to carry off the prize. Each representative has a fol lowing pf his countrymen who urge him to brs utmost exertion by encouraging Shouts in their native tongues. This raises a perfect babel at times, and to the American obsefWer of timorous ten dencies there seems to be imminent danger of bloodshed, so den onstrative do the participants in the turmoil be come The contests are amicably set tled, however, and the victorious party departs in high glee, leaving the defeat ed ohes to retire gloomily to their quar ters. The occasional parades of the hations great attractions. The people qf °'nlsanc<* all turn out in gala attSSl hem take their musical Sn d processional parapher hey appear to be very occasions there is "entation from ">w, just out ' consid ■ cow da are quite prominent. There is a group of Egyptians from the streets of Cairo that cuts quite a figure with its don keys, camels and a performing monkey of prodigious size. The wild people from Dahomey, South Africa, also are a drawing card, carrying out as they do the manners of their native jungles, which for picturesque savagery sur pass anything to be seen at the fair. Within the last few days several fete days have been enjoyably celebrated. Several of the states have held their days, as have also the negroes, the grocers and butchers and several be nevolent associations. On these occa sions the crowd attains to mammoth proportions and the grounds present a holiday appearance. Bach fete day is marked by some special order of exer cises, and the members of the associa tion or fraternity so honored lay aside all business cares and flock to the fair groivnds for a day of general jollity and recreation. It is safe to say that no world’s fair in all the history of na tions has ever been so fully given over to the people as is this of our Colum bian year. The daily attendance has reached an average of nearly two hundred thousand and there is a promise of a large increase during the remaining two months of the fair. A payment of ten per cent, on the bonds has just been ordered and it begins to look as though there would be some profit in world's fair stock in spite of the opin ion of certain knowing ones to the con trary. Retrenchment has been the order in the management of late and many large salaries have been reduced or entirely cut off, and in other ways the expenses have been reduced, all of which goes to show that our great ex position is in a fair way to prove a financial success. The history of the Sunday closing at the world’s fair has been interesting and highly amusing. First, the of ficials declared, in private session, that the gates must be opened on Sunday because they “could not afford to waste the day;” and in public they pleaded the cause of the poor workingman, who had no other day to come to the fair. Religious exercises were arranged within the grounds and the gates opened, but somehow the .Chicago workingman did not realize his advan tages, or found that a day of sight seeing was the poorest possible prep aration for a week of toil. He did not peed the Bible to counsel a day of vest. ’Experience became an individual and potent teacher. The small crowds that did come on Sunday were far more likely to make their way to the theaters, dancing halls and beer gardens of the Plaisance, than to the Art gallery or Horticultural hall, and few appre ciate the advantage of paying fifty cents to go to church on the fair grounds when far more attractive preaching is -offered free of cost out side the gates. The majority of state buildings, all the exhibits of Great Britain and her colonies and hundreds of others were closed on Sunday, and the attendance slowly diminished. Then the authorities discovered that the “poor workingman” inside the grounds needed a day of rest, end, on account of this and other deductions, decided to close the great gates. In the little building erected espe-. cially for the merchant tailors is a blanket made of five thousand eight hundred and thirty pieces of broad cloth, which represents eight years of odd half hours of a Washington knight of the goose. Just when the coffee thinks It has good •’foundslor complaint, the egg drops iu and les the whole business. ’ b learn everything else, but they i to sneeze gracefully. “X’RA.IIZjBSS I3NT AXjXj THINGS,” BAY ST. LOUIS, MISS., SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1893. SUBURBAN COTTAGE. A Neat Cottage That Can Bo Built at Moderate Cost. Although Costing Bat n Little Over Tsr* Thousand Dollars It Would Be m Credit to Any Village or Neighborhood. It is comparatively an easy matter to plan a large house where the cost limit is not rigidly defined; but to plan a very small house, that shall be con- A SCRUBS AN COTTAGE. venient, that may be cheaply built, and yet that will be a credit to any neighborhood, is quite another matter. There is a much greater demand for the latter style of building, and in the design here shown it is the belief of the author that the problem has been fairly solved. The design here shown illustrates a very pretty cottage of ample sized rooms, that could be A **' ~ 3 __ sun , ~ L I L I fja? .L.,1 Niu I FIRST FLOOR PLAN. adapted for a village or suburban home where one has land enough to set off the house. The plumbing be ing directly over the sink makes a sav ing and is less likely to freeze. Height of stairs 8 feet 6 inches or 8 feet 3 Inches; finish white wood or elm. Cost 82,000 to $2,400. Many additions such as fireplaces, piazza on front, etc., could be made if one desired to pay as high as 82,500 or $3,000. The archi tects are J. F. &G. H. Smith, Boston, Chsmbse I Uk'tf* I JU *' ir L PTglifyj | 1 f ,. mmmm SECOND FLOOR PLAN. Mass., and the designs here given are reproduced from the Mechanical News. TO MAKE A SUN-DIAL. It Requires Some Thought and Consider able Patience* In reply to an inquiry, these hints are given for the construction of a sun dial. The essential parts are a style, or “gnomon,” to cast the shadow, and a perfectly level plate, with an arc de scribedtthereofn f for registering the hours. Nothing need be said about di mensions, for these vary from those of an instrument small enough to be mounted on a pocket compass card, to ten or twelve or even twenty feet in diameter, where a spacious lawn is used for.the hotir circle, and foliage plants, strongly contrasting in color with the green sward, form the figures. A favorite design employs a metal base two or three feet across. The shadow may be produced by either a slender pin of heavy wire or a A BUN-DIAL. triangular section of sheet metal. If the former isused It is better not to set it vertically, but to incline it due northward, so as to be parallel with the earth’s axis. In north latitude 43 the angle formed by the style and a true level should be 47 degrees; in lat itude 50 the angle should be 40 degrees, And so on. If a plate be substituted for the pin its plane should bj vertical, the - slanting edge should form the angle with the horizon, just prescribed for a wire, and the edge which is ver tical should be set toward the north. When the job is finished the style, like the dial-plate, should be immovably fixed, as a alight change of position would seriously affect the value of the apparatus as a timepiece. The plate should be placed horizontally. Upon its face, by tools, acid or other means, should be engraven the “hour-lines,” which radiate from that point where the pin (if one be used) is inserted in the plate, or where the wedge (if that form of gnomon be preferred) tapers away to nothing toward the south. The same center should be used in describing the hour circle. There are abstruse mathematical rules for laying out the radiating lines in •advance. But it is easier to locate them by practical experiment. Watch in hand, one should first mark the noon point on the outer circle, using a temporary pin to cast the shadow. Then, in like manner, the points where the shadow crosses the arc at 1,3, 8 and the other afternoon hours, and at 6,7, 8 and the other forenoon hours, should be carefully indicated. Halves and quarters may also be designated if desired. A sun dial is set up for poetical and ornamental, rather than practical rea sons; but in the interest of accuracy it ought to be added that only on four days In the year would local “mean” time, or clock indications, agree with : local “apparent”' time, or sun-dial i readings. For astronomical causes, there is, during most of the year, a variation of from one to tea minutes; and for a few days in November the departure is as great as fifteen.’ More over, most of our clocks and watches nowadays, instead of registering true local time, are set to accord with a standard meridian east or west of us. From eastern Maine to Cleveland, for Instance, we go by the seventy-fifth meridian. East of that the true time is four minutes later for each degree of longitude, and westward four minutes earlier.—N. Y. Tribune. MINES AND MINING. Mexico has 350 mines, worked by 100,- 000 men. Coal mines were begun in Pennsyl vania in 1784. Some of the Australian gold veins are 130 feet thick. There are copper mines in every country in Europe. Gold was discovered in the Ural mountains in 1745. The first oil company was formed in New York in 1854. There are now gold mines in every country in Europe. There are gold washings in almost every part of Idaho. The great Nevada silver mines were opened in 1859. The tin production of the world in 1891 was 69,963 tons. Spain is one of the principal copper producing countries. The world’s coal mines produced in 1889 485,000,000 tons. Coax mining in the United States be gan at Pittsburgh in 1784. The British Mineralogical society was established in 1800. The British government school of mines was opened in 1851. Gold in paying quantities was dis covered in California in 1849. In every ton of sea water there is about one grain of pure gold. The annual production of gold and silver is about 8200,000,000. The United States produces 85 per cent, of all the lead in the world. Great Britain, Australia and Java are the three leading tin countries. Italy has 47,000 miners. The marble quarries employ 20,000 more. The first iron mine in the United States was onened in Virginia in 1668. Paint for Iron and Steel. The invention refers to anew ma terial, called “siderosthen,” for the coating of iron and steel surfaces, with a view to prevent the formation of rust upon them. The compounds used for the manufacture of this paint are the tar obtained from works pro ducing fat gas, "goudron,” which is a mixture of about 85 parts of refined Trinidad, asphalt and 15 parts of re fined asphalt oil, or, instead of the “goudron,” sulphur may be used. If “goudron” be employed, this is dis solved in the gas tar, in suitable quan- 1 ’ tities, and this mixture can then forth with be employed for the purpose i* view. If sulphur be used, 8 per cent, of it is mixed with the gas tar, and this mixture is then heated to about 1 00 degrees C. HU Excuse. “The amount of toil and ingenuity you have put into your calling,” said the city missionary tr the burglar, “would have made you comfortably well off if you had engaged in hlm honest business.” “Mebby it would,” answered the burglar, “but a man in the bnrgl*: business has the satisfaction that he don’t have to ask nobody to give him a job.”—lndianapolis Journal. la Lightning Ceased by Ratfi? It is popularly supposed that the sudden downpour which usually fol lows a bright flash of lightning is in some way caused by the flash. Meteor ologists have proven that this is not the case, and that, exactly to the con trary, it is not only possible but high ly probable that the sudden inert ased precipitation is the real cause of tbs NEAT TRAVELING CASE. Every Woman Who Visits the ' Fair Should Have One. Constructed on the Plan of the Old- Fashioned Needle-Book—Elaborate Toilet* Out of Flace at the Exposition. A few weeks ago a lady asked for directions for making a case suitable for containing the articles of wear necessary for a trip to the world’s fair. I send a design for one which I think will prove satisfactory. It is somewhat on the plan of the old fashioned needle book. Sail cloth is most suitable for the outside, and the inside pockets can be made of any strong cloth —waterproof if desired. A full piece is stitched in the center to form a case for the parasol, and if a place for two is wanted stitch through the center of this centerpiece so as to form two compartments or cases; se cure the ends by a draw-string or a rubber cord. The edges are to ba 1 iv y TRAVELING case. ( bound with braid, a shade darker than the cloth of which the case is made. They can be made plain, or orna mented according to taste. Crewel would be suitable. A monogram may be added. A handle and straps can be obtained of a saddler, or they may be made of canvas and embroidered. This case can be rolled or simply folded. If any person goes to the exposition with the idea of displaying an elabor ate toilet, she will be much out of place. Wear your plainest dress. A gray one is most suitable and servicea ble, not showing dirt,’ dust and soot, which last renders Chicago nearly un bearable. “Hands off!” should be placarded on every thing’ona is liable to touch, and if you go with any definite object beside simply seeing; if you go with the object of enlarging your ideas, or learning as much as possible, you will not want to be embarrassed with any superfluous frills, flounces, etc. A woman of culture and refinement knows that true elegance consists in simplicity of dress, and will show the same taste and sense when in public as in private. A true, womanly wom an does not desire to render herself conspicuous in dress. If you are in terested in art, you will find much to admire, and much to condemn—not as works of art, for they are as near per fection as it seems possible to get.— Mrs. A. C. McPherson, in Ohio Farmer. USE OF POULTICES. It In Not Understood as Generally as It Should Be. Physicians are often surprised at the ignorance of patients concerning the use of poultices. The trouble arises from a wrong idea as to the curative action of a poultice. In general, poultices are primarily localizers of inflammation; they act by softening and stimulating the tissues with which they are brought directly in contact. The fact that their value lies in the amount of heat and moisture which they radiate to these tissues is the reason, probably, for their applica tion by the laity in every case where neat and moisture may happen to be indicated as necessary. Take, for example, says the Youth’s Companion, two cases—a poisoned wound and a finger swollen by muscu lar strain. L manifest that these two cases are not parallel, tnoUghTn both the application of heat is indicated as a remedy. In the case of the poisoned wound, we have the presence of a foreign sub stance in the tissues. This sets up a local inflammation, which by means of the circulation tends to spread and become general. We place a poultice ewer the affected part, and immediate ly the application of the heat brings to it afyesh supply of blood containing numerous leucocytes—white corpuscles —whose business it is to make war upon all foreign matter with which they may come in contact, and pus is formed. This finds a proper means of escape through the softened tissues under the poultice, and with it comes the poison. In the case of the swollen finger, on the other hand, we have a simple irri tation, and what we need in the way of treatment is just enough heat to draw a renewed supply of blood to the weakened part for its nourishment. But we do not wish, as in the first case, to confine the heat long enough to stim ulate the leucocytes to activity, as in that event we should only have made a bad matter worse, with an abscess to take care of. The desired result may be obtained by simply plunging the finger into water as hot as can be borne for a short time, or by rubbing on a stimu lating liniment., iw TERMS: SI.OO Pep Annum la Advance The moral of all this is that we are to use poultices only where we wish to localize inflammation. In sprains and the like proper stimulation is all that is required. THERMOMETER FRAME. Bow to Make an Otherwise Plain Inatrn ment Attractive. Every room should be furnished with a thermometer, and, in order that this may be ornamental as well as useful, procure a small hoop six inches in di ameter; wind closely with tinsel, and across the middle from top to bottom tack a half-inch ribbon, adding a small bow at each point of contact with the hoop. On the center of this ribbon tack a small thermometer which you must be sure to test before buying by ORNAMENTED FRAME FOR A THEBMOIt- KTER. placing your warm Angers on the bulb to see if the mercury rises. At the left of the thermometer stretch three rows of tinsel as shown in the illustra tion. Fasten ribbon at the top to hang it, by letting it rest perfectly flat against the wall. A rectangular strip of birch bark with a thermom eter tacked in the middle and a bow of orange, or deep rod, or golden brown ribbon at the top is also pretty. The ribbons should harmonize with the furnishings of the room, but these colors contrast prettily with the color of the bark. Another odd way to mount a thermometer is to fasten one in the center of a piece of weather beaten shingle that has taken on ar tistic tints with age. Above and be low letter with sepia: “I'm forty year# old and never saw such weather be fore.” Put a screw eye in the top and hang against the side of a room away from draughts,—American Agricultur ist. r USEFUL TOILET MAT. It PntNli the Dresser Cover from Be* coming Soiled. The toilet appointments of the girl of the period are so numerous, and litter up a bureau to such an extent, to say nothing of soiling its pretty cover of lace and silk, that an ingeni ous girl has invented the toilet mat shown in the sketch. It is made of a twelve-inch square of linen, with the hem feather-stitched with colored floss. While its dainty mistress ia DRESSER MAT. making her toilet it is laid over on one side of the bureau and when she has finished it is folded up, the baby ribbons, fastened to opposite corners, and laid-fttvay in the drawer. American Agriculturist. The Family Connell. The table should be a cabinet coun cil board as well as a place to eat. Here the fathers and mothers meet with all the family, as they seldom meet at any other time. With nfowt it is their only time for sitting down together. Why should not the head of the family at. this time consider family matters and dis cuss affairs of common interest? Is there any reason why he should hold to himself all the business affairs that *ll are equally dependent upon and inter ested in, and she, the mother, take no counsel or get none concerning domes tic affairs? I would advocate a formal council once a day, when each Mae shall ask advice of the other, and each child in an orderly, way shall statfe his troubles and his problems. In such a way our families ay cultivate a unity of feeling and cooperation.—SL Louis Globe-Democrat. T> The Wretch. • There were moving along the streak quietly, hi a stranger and she a resi dent, showing him the sights. “There,” she said, pointing out a house, “is the place where I was born.” “Ah?” he responded with deep interj est. “It must be one of the oldest houses in town.”—Detroit Free lTe.su, NO. 41.