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VOL. 11. (Copyright, Im, by yA;/ A V7l \. umAuthor.i ,\kfcH T *“ disgrace 4/ : foil” orled (Jer- mS. 'Mi ‘ tr,us I'os‘jor, *4ssrt, ■fact," returned her brother, ooollyT •'Wit what we you going to do about fir , • . The tor ng man was lying In a ham mock, sy. ung at the end of the piazza; his sisfer was seated near him, in a rockir gohair, which she kept In vigor ou r.iotton, as though thereby trying to ccenluate her remarks concerning tMi letter she held in her hand. A boy, about (sixteen yxmrs of age, •was lounging on the steps, with a novel before him, but the contents of that epistle had apparently taken away his interest In the story, tor he was not reading. •'You surely are not surprised, Ger trude,” continued the occupant of the hammock. “1 have been noticing for some, time the care father took in Us toilet, when he went out on busi ness. Iltuiitc**!" laughing derisively; “my stern parent never fooled me much. 1 thought he was going a-woo ‘ng." “lint an old maid, Jim!" said his sis ter "A woman probably full of freaks and fancies. It is all very well for you and Harold, but f have to ho with her, at home, all the time.” "Only three months, my dear," re (tormsl Jim. "Remember- my future brother-in-law comes home Uwlay, and that you will soon be a blushing bride. Rather a bad doy tor his re turn, though," he adt.ed, looking over the hammock at the landscape before him, half hidden by the heavy veil of rain. "I do not think I ever knew it to pour harder." "Ves," assented Gertrude, medita tively. "That is my one consolation, if it were not tor Dick, I would go out nd hunt for the position of a governess to-morrow—” ("Which you would be quite incapa ble of filling,” interpolated her brother, SOtto VO(|C.) i'or I haven’t the patience to put ur t > with an old maid’s quips and cranks." "Ibdufwl” said Harold, who had not yet spoken, “1 think an old mabl far preferable to a widow. She will prob ably be so grateful to tatucr lor marry, log lier that she will behave very de erntly. Generally an old maid’s chief 4ault is romancing about her to rmer of rfers. and Mrs. Foster will probably not ido that, now she has really htrl one.” “That is so," chimed in Jim. "Where as a widow is always resurrecting her dear defunct, whenever his substitute docs anything to displease her. Ohl undoubtedly, things might be worse,’” “Yes,” returned Gertrude, “but how csn a man with a heart fall in love H’ in so soon, anyway?” "Maybe she was his first lave, from •whom he was separated by a (misunder standing." said Harold, pritting his Handover his heart senljnrcntally. "Hello! The rain stopped—and there comes a livery stable carriage. How dramatic! Rijn stops. Knter hero! Come along* Jim, we would not be here to embarrass the greetings of two young and 10-vipg hearts.” He dis appeared through. t),e door while Jim slowly followed, in his lazy, languid way, saying; “Tell Dick I will see him at supper.’* tk ' B time the carriage had en n * ,ates lin<l ™ coining rapidly P the I„ng avenue that led to the **• I 'Hc Fosters prided themselves ■ ‘. r we 'l - kept grounds, especially * drive from the lodge gate to the ojsc, which was bordered on either by maple trees. They gave a delightful shade during e summer months, and their gorgeous o age in the fall made the Foster P ace the glory of the neighborhood. "V nc *ther Richard nor Gertrude ought of the maples as he was driv o’xlbr them that afternoon. He .. , en abroad two years his only 'ought was that, at last, he was really be with his ./toners once more, while ; orgot her father's second mavriage lc J°y °1 seeing her lover again. ‘t, after they hod been together an I— or two, Gertrude remembered the „ cr ' nn<l Her face fell. () H. Dick!” she said, "father in ret * Nr*ln. I received a note just Abates before you came, telling h, *^” 11 H - Ho said he should be hn. * a lew <la y*’ and wanted mto cver ylhing done to make her oouie-corr.ing pleasant,” • wlii .. looked grave-then replied: bn,., 1 ’ ,l 'I' 1111)0 only for a little time, right nff eC i r / ully ' wlll Hah® you away, ‘ ht °ff. If you like.” “° h! 1 * neas 1 can in’Ut s h .F r , e * ence “ ,ew w ® ek . hut r :-j readful— tor a man to get mar a second time?” tioaT.!’” hc returned, with conce rn van aft er “second’s pause; “I cen tio “ f rule: ot ooorse there are ex- Caß ? B ' That rea >' n <** me,” he y Martonr Wd ° f /lecmn th Uat Wh .°’ V ° U “S'- in your °! n * be married. I sup when i'!! . he,r aII “houtit to-night, know ’” he con-1 M noa felHn u man T “go Aunt in ‘ho ~ loVe ’ She boarding though he rlj at the time ’ and ’ al ‘ they had t , lprocate<l her affection. attacb m ,.nt° c * n t es sed their mutual came to bon- i"^ 6 ,”. her deares t friend fouag lad,, alo h ° *, a,ne place ’ Thi * %lue genllnrn Was taaclnated by the Wr c r' an ;‘ W * an *> think onld supplant my aunt in ®te Ho (hunt (Sclm. bLth of nU . mb * rl "' ,a, " eh o<l" to snaee Of .. ' ?" and in a short twernther provok,!< ‘ qnarrei b< - sensitw l Mario . n was ver y proud and Zr lZrr'. "° M P l,n * tll >" from Ss i”, tr"' ,r “ w * ycar , ** two she heard of their tie mT “I wt ’ o, i her eyes a lit, nZtST*.'* ff irllsl > friendship T . W ° • VCara a *° "he a leltor f rom this woman, d *’ in *' confessing ™ whole truth. Nhe also left an ex planation for her husband, which ho Iwhfte W A e V WaH lIPMI After tZ AUnt Marion ace<id to the widowers repeated entreaties m B, i° Wed to call—and in a months they wore engaged I ffness my prospective uncle mile me other woman a good husband, but ho did not really love her, for his wife wrote that he had never forgotten his Hrst love, and only married her in grat itude for the sympathy and tenderness tHlin * h ™ y aunt had deceived him. 1 think," continued Richard, • that I would never have made known the truth. If 1 had been in her place. Hut 1 suppose the voice of conscience gets very loud in the pros- Uon*, though!*" ItW “ aUrdy re,ara - ..i/'wi’ ' vh “ t * your aunt's mime?'’ asked Gertrude, abruptly. "Why the same as my mother's. " ho answered, somewhat astonished at the fiuestlon; “Moore. Marion Moore. I rctty name, isn’t it?" he added. "Too pretty to change, I think. Why. Gertie, what is the matter? 1 ’ Jr th ® *f* rl grown deathly white, and did not seem to hear his last remark. Nothing, she said, at last, making nm effort to recover her self-possession, !/">• <‘>mt m— tnjf uttpmothfr." ‘ What!” ejaculated Richard. “Aunt hi anon your stepmother! It ennnot 1m and yet—l never knew her lover’s name, never hoard it. Is that her name, Gertie? Are you sure?” "Here is my letter; you can read for jours 6if,” aho answered, faintly. He saw there was no mistake and won dered how in the world he could recall ids words. am SOrr y’ (3cr tlo>” he. said, at last. . UI oourse you know I never would have told you had I dreamed of such a I dare say I exaggerated. I never heard Aunt Marion say anything about it All my information came WATCHED THE OAKKIAOK DRIVE DOWN THE AVENUE, from her sisters, who did not like your —her friend. Just forget all about it Gertie.” Gertie was weeping as if her heart would break, but as he finished speak ing she handed him her ring without looking up. “What is that for?” asked Richard, aghast. “I did not mean to hurl you; surely, you are not going to punish me like that, when I offended so uninten tionally?” “No,” sobbed Gerti ude, “it isn’t that, only I shouldn’t think you would want to marry the daughter of such a mother. ” Richard laughed, as hc took the ring and placed it on Gertrude’s finger again. “What a silly child you are!” hc said fondly. “It wouldn’t make any differ ence to me if every relative you had was in the penitentiary. You would not be responsible for their sins. Re sides, I suppose your mother thought she had every right to try and win your father. He was not engaged to my aunt, you Itnow, and, they sky, all is fair in love and war. So think no more about it—and wc will never mention it again.” Gertrude never did mention it again, but she thought about it many times; and when Mr. Foster brought his wife home, hc found everything arranged to his liking. He had said to her; “The boys will bo all right, and if Gertrude docs not treat you well let me know,” “Never, James,” replied Mrs. Foster, “tor you might be tempted to tell her the history of the years that are gone, and children should reverence their mother’s memory, whicli I doubt if she could do, knowing ail.” But there was no trouble. Gertrude treated her stepmother with the utmost respect and courtesy, and behaved in such a way that Mrs. Foster actually dreaded the girl’s wedding day. As she watched the caneage that con tained her nephew and his bride drive down the maple avenue, now re splendent in its autumnal coloring, she sighed—then turned toward her hus band, who was standing near. “I never thought to have loved Louisa’s child so well,” she said. Stub Ends of Thought. With some of us hope never comes to the full bloom. The tears that come easy go easy. Trust is the strongest link in the chSin of association. Not one time in a million are a mans tears dishonest; what may be said of a woman’s is different. Everybody would be perfect if every body else thought so. Matrimony Is love’s eye-opener. Gossip is the bullet in the gun of idle curiosity. Honesty is not contagious. It’s a long way around to reach Heav en by acme churches. —Detroit Free Press. AY ST. LOUIS, MISS., SATURDAY, NOVKMUER IS, IB9X A WOMAN'S RESPONSIBILITY. The study Of Household Selene. as Mlelo 10 Proper M„. C e lU e n ,. ■" e,p manage'n'io' 4 "l * P T i ," Ce to control and TsTwl 6 . h ° UW “ hold - Whether she itself K y ° r Un ' vißel y rests with il l Ter ni N ° T. elHe can absolutely stud u P T ' She houU ‘. therefore, study the phnws of homo affairs with t e same oppllcation'and assiduity that would give to a difficult problem ™ t U o“ y re l U ‘ re ln ""fhs, even ytais, to work out, but which in the end must be solved. wiM,'m" ?'u T * th ° ~rena of hnsiness M all. , PUrp, ’ W of being master thntli' '** ,e 11 n, h* r takes. Me knows 0a" H • UCCeC : <I - Reputation, so . poaition, comfort, progress, the uppiiicss of his family, even life itself may depend upon his efforts. If worn , n u,r —•— ~r, ™2 a 1 pdl ° her home—that she must henlti' 1 ? n, akiug it a peaceable, he ith-gUmg, moral-giving abode, and would never waver until she had ac complished it we should reach a suite of advancement ,in the un derstanding „f ]lf „ whlch cx . *° me ln tho cultured asses, is not general to-days I do not mn ntaln that the study of honsc hold science will enable woman to do Ibis, but such study will help greatly, perhaps more than anything else, toward that end. It is one of tlm Important factors in that result, and .1? ° J thcr ro “° n ‘ban that it will make life for women in the perform ance of their household duties pleas anter. more satisfactory, sweeter, easier, it Is more than worth trying 1 o work in Hie dark is ever per'plex ng; to work in the light of intelligent understanding is one form of happl- in nl ho ’ l#,,o, 'l science, taken in its full and broad sense, leads into boundless fields of research. The phenomenon of heat, the currents of the air, the life and chemical nature of the products of the earth, the mystcrl ous and complex processes of nutri tion, fall almost without mention into such work; the sciences of chemistry, physiology, and bacteriology are its foundation stones; in fact, whatever bears up,,,, ttie physical life of man Is included In it.-,Miss M. A. Roland. In Popular Science Monthly. AN ARAB’S COSTUME. ArtlcUs Which Arc Found In the Ward roh*ft of tlits Poorer Horf. They all dress alike—Arabs, Berbers Moors and the rest. Hem; “One hilcd rag”—not the Idled rag of the wild and woolly west, but a piece of cotton cloth actually sewed up bag fashion, with holes cut in it for head and arms, now and then affording the luxury of short sljovesj and wtiich un “lilb3” m ontii .ngr lias withered and custom staled it into actual rags. Item: If well-to-do, a sleeveless buttoned vest. Item: Real “bags,” to adopt oar young hunting swell's terms, for ttousers. ' Sartorially speaking, these arc made of cotton, and are literally like a hay, whose depth is equal to a little moic than the distance from the waist to knee, and whose width equals thrice the distaive a man can stretch apart his legs. Cut out the two corners of the bottom of the hag. step through the holes, and gather up the mouth round the waist, and you have the pants du pays. There is thus left pendent between the Arab’s legs a bag big enough to hide himself in. The origin or utllit|r of this leg-gear it were vain to Inquire. Item: One scarf to go a number of times around the w aist. Item: If cold, an additional shirtlike garment of woolen g<>ds coining down below the knees. Item: One burnoose of white or in Tunis blue woolen goods, with a very roomy hood, exceedingly loose so us to wrap about one and throw over the shoulder. Item: One fez. with some cotton cloth twisted, rope-fashion, to wrap round it into the guise of a turban. Item: One pair of shoes, from woven rushes to Morocco leather. In this dress, or so .much of it as he can afford, the natives live day and night, from curly manhood to old age. When he dies he is buried in it, or the drc fIS goes to his son and heir. A vc-; f cw working city Arabs wear clothing from France, ILhgland, per chance America. Mo>* j* the pity. It sounds the dcath-lo?,.]! to nationol aos tumes. —Col. T. A. Dodge, in Harper’s Magazine, Odd Hindu of HendMrhe. It may distract the attention of those who suffer from headache to learn that in early English days there were reme dies “for headache, and for cold head ache, and for ache of half the head.” “Eye work and the fiend’s tempta tions” are also mentioned in this cata logue. Ache of half tho head, or Kami. crania, from which George Eliot suf fered so much, has been considered a distinctively modern disease, but there is nothing new.—Boston Journal. Heredity. “Yaas,” said Chollv,“my mother was a Von Danderbeck.” “Dear me,” rejoined Trotter, in a lone of sympathy, “that must worry yon awfully. May I ask, did she die of it?”—Life. —He (wedded for revenue only)— “Cross again! And this only the sec ond week of our alleged honeymoon!” She —“It has been a dreadful mistake. Why did you seek for ray hand when my heart could not be yours?’’ He (calmly)—“Because it was your hand I wanted. You can't sign a check with your heart.”—Pittsburgh Bulletin. —“I guess the day for me to be on top is past,” soliloquized the battered derby hat in the ash barrel, “but even now I am no slouch, and never will be- Sec?” —Indianapolis Journal. —A High-Toned Costume.—Mrs. Raz zam “What did Mrs. Biddle-Biddle wear?” Mrs. Keedick—“She wore full dress and her hyphen.”—Judge. —ln all civilized countries the num ber of criminals has increased from ten to thirty-five per cent, in the last fifty years. PBAnuHSH IN AtiXi THIKTas." BANDIT OF THE CAMPAQNA. Tlbnr.l, l.lke ,fc. thr 1V00|( ,., Lov * * n< l Vmpt urr. Italy at present is nk.ro occupied than ever by the exploits of the far famed Tibnrid, who has for a consider ableperiod terrorized with impunity on the borders of, Etruria and the woman Campagna. and whose authori ty there has possibly had more weight than that of King Humbert himself. 1 nests, mayor*, minor officials, and other inhabitants. numbering alto gether two hundred a(d fifty souls nave been arrested and imprisoned as his abettors, and are now Wing tried in batches of twenty-tlv* at a lime at Viterbo. The calendar of assize re lating to the two hundred and fifty ac cused will extend to four series of ma.oA U .‘ e firNt of which ,1 " just term- Inutto in varlvun senumvc- ~f i m . PCiaooment and fines. The remaining three series will be taken in turns shortly at specified times. Tlbnrxi l.lrnself, who is still free and langiis at the efforts of the carbineers to capture him. lias hen assisted in his numerous raids by a small and devoted band of followers, who have almost all disappeared, one after the other, hav ing either lieen killed in pitched battle with the carbineers, nr secured, tried and executed, or aent to the galleys. , ia * now but one solitnry follower— his faithful lieutenant—who devotedly helps him to rule the district, whose mlialiitanU either wink at or favor his misdeeds. A price of four hundred pounds has been set on his head, and he takes his revenge in killing as many of the king’s soldiers as he possibly can. Hip country-folk for thirty miles round act an his scouts; they warn him if the carbineers are in sight; they shelter him and supply him with food; and if questioned as to his where alaints. they affirm that they have seen him take to the left as fast ns his heels will carry him, when in fact he is dis appearing leisurely and unconcernedly to the right. It is said that the fair sex especially show great Ingenuity In devising elaborate plnns for his escape; while In duo course of time, nnd leisure permitting, he repays the obligation by making them some nice presents and showing them much flattering at tention. I iburzi s happy hunting ground Is known as the Macchia. It is a wide spreading tract of land, over-grown here and there with extensive patches of thick underwood—-a kind of treeless forest, but nevertheless impenetrable to anyone except Tiburzl, who knows every turn and corner of it, and where he obtains the willing assistance of shepherds, who supply him with pro visions when he has to remain there in hiding sometimes for several days to ciently cdurngcorfs n\* who feelssn(li the limits of this fastness In uiefohli sive hope of capturing the brigand is sure to be awarded with a rifle-hall for hfs pains. Tiburzl leads the life of a grand seigneur, provides for Ills par ents, travels first-class incognito to Rome nnd frequents the theaters. During the summer in 1889 the au thorities determined to surround the, Macchia and capture Tiburzl, dead or alive. A cordon of gendarmes formed a circle, and a body of carbineers pene trated the underwood. In the sur rounding villages the inhabitants all agreed that he had been seen at various spots early the day Ik-fore the expedi tion. They abounded in useful hints and indications; and all the time Tlburzi was in Paris, spending his days pleasantly at the exposition. That ho is liberal, and even generous, to all who afford him assistance in evading pur suit and capture is only to state what is perfectly true. He robs strangers only, or those whom lie thinks arc rich enough to pay for immunity from his attacks. Therein lies .the secret of his safety; for what interest can the poor country folk who benefit by his gen erosity have in betraying hfhi? This, indeed, is the kind of medienval moral ity still "m many Italian rural district” -If,” said one of the accused to the presiding Judge during the recent trial, “your police arrangements were more perfect, we should probably not have to compound with Tiburzl.” The wit ness proved that he could not help as sisting him to escape, and was acquit ted. And now during the Interregnum of trial, while the second batch of prisoners are waiting their turn, a moving column of carbineers is beating up the Macchia and its hiding places in the hope of successfully trucking this daring bandit, but it is ten to one *hat lie is not to be found amid the solitudes between Viterbo and Civita Vecchia, for anxious as he may be to escape from the king's troops, be 1* still more anxious to avoid the malaria which at this season of the year is at its worst in that locality. The probability is that during .this exceptionally hot weather Tiburzi is either taking it easy in. some secluded villa in tho vicinity of the lake of Como or won dering peaceably In Switzerland from one summer resort to another.—St, James Oazette<| The "Far of Dlon/slua." A cunningly constructed prison cavern, consisting of a largo chamber connected with one of smaller dimen sions, situated near Syracuse, Italy, has gone Into legendary history with the title of the “Ear of Dionysius,” The smaller chamber Was unknown to the prisoners kept In this underground dungeon, and the tyrant by whos* name It is known had a habit of secreting hlmse.,’ there to listen to the conversation of the con victs, who were mostly political of fenders. An ingenious device con structed at the smaller end of the larger chamber transmitted the sounds through the partition, thus enabling the suspicious ruler to hear even the whispered conversations of his “sus pects.”—N. Y. Sun. Ills Rfdpfl, The Worried One —But what can a man do when his sweetheart turns her back upon him? I he CaJoi One—Take her in his arms. —Ti-ptl), GERMANY'S IRON TREASURES. Xssf Stores of Army Radons and Money In Kradlnfu for War. In the fortress of Spandan there is stored the celebrated emergency fund of the German empire—tbs so-called iron treasure, millions of silver pieces, roost of them minted with the head of Napoleon 111. Derived from that co -1088(11 indemnity which victorious (ier* many imposed upon humbled France in the hope of permanently crippling the hereditary foe. the payment of which and recuperation of its loss is the financial wonder of the world, this hoard of coined money is kept for the contingency of war. This treasure is sacred. There is no crisis through which tha* German empire may pass, save that of foreign war, which makes this vast sum available. The Germans are very fond of the word “iron” in its sem-o 0 f rude firmness, of harsh en durance, of severe tenacity. They have applied it to their greatest hls tonca character—the iron chancellor, to his policy of absolute inflexibility and to their most-prized reward—the Iron cross—of which There is but one degree, and which can be earned only by actual bravery on the field. They have used the word to designate tho treasure at Hpandau, and they have also adopted it to characterize an insti tution in their minute and comprehen sive scheme of military organization, to which they attach great importance. ; v l,en Dorman army is transferred from a huge reserve of precautionary power into a massive instrument of aggressive force, its units, the individ ual soldiers, are put into absolutely new uniforms. The purposes of this step are numerous. It makes the opera tion of mobilization more simple and systematic, nnd with the contingency of prolonged warfare it makes the con tinuance of military operations more economical. There is a sentimental issue involved— the personal pride of the soldier is stimulated and his zeal in service increased. In equipment and aooountermcnt a similar system is followed. Tho re sult is that the soldier starts out in the condition practically that he should lie theoretically. His eqalpmont is B heavy one, but tho knowledge that every pound of weight he carries repre sents something useful to his occupa tion and Ills comfort and convenience wlille engaged in lightens his load. He ienliz.es that ho is provided for every emergency. In ills knapsack arc his clothes and his store of cartridges. Each one of his pockets lias particular purpose. The lining of the one on the left of his tunic Is med ically prepared, to bo used when neces sity arises ns an antiseptic bandage. In his haversack lid his loaf of broad— the staff of life—and the (so-called “Iron ration." This is the institution ♦.r - 1 . a* his sustenance when deprived of nil other resources of mess, commissariat and forage. There is a huge factory in Mayence devoted to the packing of these “iron rations.” in small bags, in a preserved and compressed shape, these rations consist of coffee, rice, hard tack and tobacco, In quantity suf ficient to provide for three days' use. The cavalry receives in addition similarly prepared rations for its horses, consisting of hay and oats suf ficient for five days. These cations are to serve only lit Cases of extreme neces sity. They are sacred whenever tho trooper is provided by the commissary department with the necessary food, or when he con provide it by requisition or forge. The "iron ration” can not be touched except by command of a su perior officer. In the preparation of these rations chemical science has been at work, and it is believed in the arti cles provided the greatest amount of nutrition has been secured in the most compressed and endurable shape. In the grand maneuvers which annually take place In Germany, and in which the soldiers are exposed to every con tingency save that of an enemy's death dealing powers, the “iron rations” arc Carried, and their purpose made clear to the men.—St. Louis I’ost-Dispatchi ANTARCTIC PENGUINS. Strange Birds Found In the Vrlghtvorhond nt i he st*in I'nUi I’eugulfis are the strangest creatures ever seen. They arc supremely fiinily as they qutit-h nhd strut ttbotit With their padded feet over tho snow, or, coming to a slope, glide swiftly down ward toboggan-fashion npon their breasts. If one lands on the piece of ice they lire resting upon, they ap proach fearlessly with a threatening “Quack! quack!” For their inquisitive ness they, too. often received tile handle of the club, fer It was soon found that their flesh greatly resembled that of the hare, and upon them wc had many a tasty and sub stantial meal. The emperor penguin is very difficult to kill: he will liva after his skull has been most hopelessly smashed; the West way to put an end to them is to pith them. Six of ns one day set out to capture one alive, and so strong was the bird that five with dif ficulty kept their hold, and, after ho was bound with strong cords and nau tical knots, he flapped hia flippers and released himself.—Popular Science Monthly. | "Cow's. Foot-ln-l he. Ml Ik-Fell.” One of the curiosities of reflected light from a curved surface is the "caustic," popularly known as “the COw's-footrin-tbe-milk-pail.” It is a well-known property of light that its rays impinging upon a reflecting sur face are thrown off to ee to make the angle between the reflected rays and the normal equal to that between the incident rays and the normal. In con sequence of this law, when the rays of any light which are practically parallel are reflected from a curved surface the intersections of the reflected rays take upon themselves the form of a cow's foot. This shadow as reflected in the milk pail ia given the name used in the headline. Prove it by taking off your ring and laying it npon the table so that its inner surface will effect the raya of the lamp.—St. Louis Republic SCHOOL AND CHURCH. —Wake* were religious Institution*, even earlier than the love feasts of the first Christians. —The Chinese Sunday school in con nection with Rrom field Street church, Boston, has alioul eighty members. In the last twenty-five years, so •ays Mrs. Alice Freeman Palmer,eleven million dollars have been given in this country to women’s colleges alone. —The Presbyterian Synod of Penn sylvania comprises l.lSfTchurches.with a membership of 1(10,003. Additions lust year to the conimunlou rolls 11.- 398. —Prof. George C. Chase, of Bates college, Lewiston, Mo., has been ad vanced to the presidency, lie is a graduate of the college, 49 years old. During the past ton years he has raised about 9140,000 for the institution. The late Miss Surah Benbam, of Grcenport, Columbia county, N, V., left by will the following legacies to the Reformed church: 90,000 to the hoard of foreign missions; 9.1,000 tothe church building fnndf to the general synod, 90,000 for the education of students for the ministry anil 97..1U0 for the support of the Theological seminary. Upon settlement of the estate and in con formity to the Will, each of these ob ects receives 14 percent, additional, or 90,887, 95,080 and 915,001 respectively total, 937,877. —A controversy lias been going on between the .Tews and the people of Switzerland in regard to the slanglitcr injf of animals. The .Tows always take the life of an animal by bleeding. The Swiss Humane society prosecuted the Hebrew butchers for cruelty to ani mals. The law forbidding needless pain to animals was enforced against them. Inasmuch as the .lews had a re ligious scruple on the subject, it was considered a great hardship, and they appealed to the country for relief, but the people sustained the law in over whelming numbers. l’rosbyterian Journal. —According to the official statistics the total number of schools in the whole Herman empire is 56,.'i(1:i; pupils. 7,036,(11)8; teachers, 13(1,082, of whom 15,760 are women. The figures for Prussia are; Schools, 84.743; pupils, 4,016,47(5, and teachers, 70,767, s,4K| be ing women. In the entire empire the scholars are 18.03 per cent, of the pop ulation; in Prussia. 10,M. In Her inany, outside of Prussia, there is one teacher to every Of pupils; in Prussia, one to every 70. These teachers re ceive from 8150 to 1500 a year. The annual cost of educating a child is, in Prussia, 87.14; throughout the rest of the empire, 17.6 H. *~A very careful religions census has just been taken of Scotland, under the supervision of Rev. Robert Howie, rtf fact that out of a total population of 4,025,047 the various denominations hud 2,003,188 in church communion, being T3O per cent, per 1,000 of the population. This left 1,002,fi11, or 204 percent, per 1,000 “church loss.” The churches divided the 2,903,130 as follows; Estab lished (Presbyterian), 1,140,247) Free church, 771,031; F. P. church, 455,101; smaller Protestant churches, 238,010; Roman Catholic church, 332,747. The percentage per 1,000 of population was; Established (Presbyterian).24(l.7; Free, 191.5; 11. P., 118.1; other Protestants, 59.1; Roman Catholics, 87.0. Hut where else outside of Scotland and Wales is 78.6 per oent of the population to be found in communion with some church? —Christian at Work. BIG FIRES IN THE SUN. Dlftturbnnc** Which MHlcrinlljr AfTcctcd tfi Weather n Thl* Planet Recently. Tremondous fires on the sun's sur face, exceeding in size and intensity anything measurable by humau under standing, recently drew the attention of all astronomers. 'Phis description was given by Astronomer Garrett P. Serviss: “A stupendous group of black spots, easily visible to the naked eye when the latter Ift protected by a dark glass, was on the meridian of the tun No less than twelve smaller groups of spots were risible on the dish at the same time, so that the appearance of the slltl’S face was most extraordinary when viewed with a telescope. The large group is in the southern hemi sphere, afid probably a reappearance of a huge spot seen at pfdvious times. It showed two main centers of activity, and the area of the SiilaF Sltt'fnee eovered by it was not. )■ than ,u 00,000,00 nqOere miles. The western nucleus of the group pTC* seated a vast circular pool, the center of which was as black as ink. The diameter of the black center was not less than fourteen thousand miles, but its outlines were broken by fiery bridges projecting into and across it. One, of these, whose length could not have been less than ten thousand miles, was seemingly spilt in two from end to end, while another vast curving Hits of flame ran in and across the pit to join it. The eastern nucleus was still larger, and showed a marvelous mass of black chasm crossed and di vided in every direction by blazing tongues and bridges. Around the edge of the great group eruptions of metallic vapor were evidently taking place, lifting masses of blazing mat ter to the height of many thousand miles. Changes in the details of some of tha spots indicated that the most tremendous forces were at work.— Philadelphia Record. Fails to Work. “You mustn't restrain the boy too much,” said the confidential friend. "Keep an eye on him, but let him fol low his natural bent.” “I do,” sighed the. father, “and it al ways ends in his getting broke.” —Chi- cago Tribune. Medical ftm. First Young Doctor—Are'you getting much practice? Second Young Doctor —Not yet. If I could only get one patient I'd keep biro sick until I got another ta take hi* place,—Texas Siftings. TERMS; SI.OO Per Annnm la Advance home hints and helps. —Potato Cakes; Orate eight or tea good sired potatoes, season highly with salt and pepper, add beaten yolks of three eggs, and beaten white* after ward. Fry in hot lord, spoonful at a time. These should be made, fried and eaten ns quickly as possible. — Womankind. —A ripe tomato will remove Ink stains from the hand* or from paper or linen. There is no particular knack about it All that is to be done is to crush the tomato in yonr hands and rub the ink spot with the juice, then wash In clean water and ink and to mato Juice will come away together. —Baked Quinces: Take nice, sound quinces of uniform size, wash well and place them in a dripping pan. Kill the holes with butler and sugar, sprinkle a little sugar over the tops and hake In a slow oven an hour and a halt, or until lender. Served with eake or crackers that have been buttered and browned in the oven, they make a plain but very good dessert.—Boston Budget. —Preserved Orange Peel; Weigh the oranges, and allow pound for pound of sugar and fruit Peel the oranges and cut the peeling into shreds, cook in water until tender, changing the water once, and having it hot to begin with. Strain the juice of the oranges over the sugar, bring to a boil, put in the peel and simmer twenty minutes. Put in Jars. Lemon peel may bo treated the same way, anil either one 1a very nice. —N. Y. Observer. Pigeons With Green Peaa: Roast, four pigeons for ten minutes. Take them off the spit and split them, and lay them In a saucepan with three ounces of butter. As soon as the but ler has melted pour in a pint of young given | ens, add a little salt, a pinch of white pepper and two or three table spoonfuls of stock. Ktew for twenty minutes, shaking life pan frequently while cooking. Kerve pigeons in the middle of the platter, surronnded by the peas and sauce.—Boston Budget. —Chicken Curry: Fry two sliced onions in two tablespoonfnla of butter. Ilralu and fry Jointed chlckena in but ter—the same butter. Put In pan ono and one-half tablespoonfulp of curry powder and two tubionpoonfula hotter. Kry three minatca and add four raw, sliced onions. Pry three minutes, add one pint of stock, one small, chopped clove of garlic, two green chilUesand salt. Stir, cook down to one-third, odd chicken, Imil up and simmer twenty minutes. Add one-half lemon, the two fried onions, and sorre.— Good House keeping. —Apple Jelly: Pare and core the ap ples and cut into pieces, put into pre serving pan with enough cold water to cover them. I.ct boll for an hour and pi n ("of JiTi?.(<ltHbW - "tn hr ‘m pound of sugar, and loil together for three-quarters of an hour. Remove all scum ns it rises, and stir jelly often to prevent its burning. A little lemon rind may he boiled with ajjjdeis and g small quantity of Icnutn juice be put In the jelly if the flavor is liked. It should be stored away in small pots or jelly glasses.—Detroit Free Press. Yellow Tomato Preserves: These make a delicious preserve. The large, round are the best, but are difficult to find in our market. You can use the small, oral variety, and they aie very good. Hcald. skin and take ont all the seeds. I wash mine to insure this. Take, for seven pounds of fruit, fire pounds of sugar; use the rind of two oranges: cut it small; take the jnice of six and put orange-juice, sugar and to gether on the back of the range, atir until sugar is melted, bring totfe*— front of tlie Arc, and after it begins to thicken, stir continnslly; when the fruit Is clear and the juice has thick ened sufficiently, take from the fire and put at once, while boiling hot, in to self-sealing pint jars- glass always. Farm and Fireside. Ranh* for Books. A set of choice books not kept in the regular ease often ix'comcs so broken backed by falling from the upright when placed on's table, that small racks of wood with room for a half dozen or more volumes have been devised. These racks have two upright parts shaped like a frame, and a slide at the bottom that regulates the width. They are most often of oak, and some of them have ornamental silver mountings at the corners. The same convenience has been made by covering small frames of wood or heavy cardboard with brocade or leather. They are then ornamented with the needle or brush, with an oddly-lettered quota tion, or sprayaof flowers. The wooden racks are an acceptable gift to the traveler who likes to carry a book or two In his trunk, and have a place to put them when he unpacks.—N. Y. Post. silks for Autumn sad Winter. Among the importers' samples of new silks for autumn appears large variety of stripes or corded silk and velvet on very handsome arrangements of color, the silk being, in most cases, of tha lighter hne. Among the harmonies and contrasts are those of moes-green vel vet on silver blue, reseda or lilac and amber, a rich Venitian brown velvet stripe, alternating with a silk one in rose pink shadings of silver; another of dark petunia with a sheeny stripe* of almond changing to sea green. There are a'so some elegant materials with flower-brocaded satin stripe. OB grounds of heavy bengaline. Notwith standing their beauty of coloring, de sign and texture, they are marked at rates far below the former prices of fabrics of similar beauty and worth. Wherein the Improvement Wes. M rs. Sauers Among the barbarous people of the earth a man can have as many wives as he desires, while civiliza tion limits each man to one. Now you can t tell me but that civilization make* roan better morally. Mr. Sauers—Not necessarily. It mere ly nfvrs him better ae W ,-|**|k. NO. 45.