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THE SEA COAST ECHO
'Published every Saturday at Bay 8W Louis, Mias. The New Zealand government has decided that swimming and life-sav ing shall be taught In all its schools. The life-saving society’s method har ing been adopted, 2000 hand-books And charts have been sent by order of the government for the use of schoolmasters. The handbook, in which the course of Instruction Is ful ly set forth for the use of classes, schools, and Individuals, has also been translated into Swedish and Italian. The farmer's boy who drifts to the city finds, in nine cases out of ten, irregular work, a dingy little room In a bad street, food that he would have disdained In his country home and Ir resistible temptation to spend every dollar which ho can get hold of. The city hoy reaching the country finds just as hard work and longer hours, but work In the fresh air and sun shine, with comfortable surroundings, good food nnd all the social standing of which his character makes him worthy. A novel but excellent Idea has been Introduced In London at alt of the largo halls, museums, exposition buildings and other places which are frequently attended by children. At the Crystal Palace, South Kensington Museum, the Hippodrome, Earl’s Court Exhibition, the Agricultural halls, the Kow Gardens and other places a room has been set apart to which lost children are taken by the ushers and other attendants and re tained until called for by their par ents or whoever Is In charge of them. Farming Is a pretty good business for persons who understand It. Never before has It been half so good. It belongs to the region of science nnd machinery, of skill and foresight. Its opportunities and rewards are rich. The old, isolated, narrow, hard, un social farming life Is passing away. Luxury and social enjoyment belong to the trolleylzed farmer In this trol leylzed country. It Is easier to get the city In the country than to get the country In the city. Farming Is a liberal ami a learned profesison, and the man who has the brains for It and a little capital Is a lucky man, thinks the New York Sun. Mosquito hunters will follow with In terest the experiments that are being made In Now Orleans, where the mos quitoes flourish practically all the year around. Oil has become very cheap in that city since the opening of the Texas Holds, and It has been decided to try to do two things at once—lay the dust In the streets and kill the mosquitoes. Railroads have tried sprinkling their roads with crude oil, and have found this method most efficient In permanently laying the dust. New Orleans is trying tho same thing, and It is said to be as successful In streets used for traffic as it Is on railways. Most of New Orleans mosquitoes are bred In open drains and elsterßs, and while the streets are being sprinkled oil la put on tho neighboring drains. Asa result of the observation of a board of British naval officers some important changes are to be made In battleships to be built In tho near future as part of England's prin ciple defence. For one thing It has been decided to cut down the masts of such ships some sixty foot, because the new signaling devices Introduced Into use recently make tall masts un necessary. Furthermore, tho high fore and aft bridges are to be lowered, built entirely of Iron, nnd so arranged that in clearing ship for action they can easily ho slid overboard. Those improvements aro in the general line of naval progress, and must be ac cepted as good. But what will the outsider think in regard to tho grad ual disappearance of all that he has long recognized ns marks of a ship? There were weepings and wallings when the old spars and canvas went, and In tho course of time even tho fighting mast will go. and when steam Is superseded perhaps oven the funnels. Then wo shall have nothing but the floating hulk, filled with death dealing machines and horrid to look upon. But maybe before that time comes war will have been abolished. Why not? queries the New York Times. A Thin*. “There Is Just one way for us to meet success In this venture," said the first schemer. "And that?" queried his partner. •Ts to avoid meeting our creditors.'' —Philadelphia Press The Japanese have become manufactur ers of buttons on a very considerable scale. Beans —Located on the— Yazoo and Mississippi Valley R. R. in the Famous YAZOO VALLEY Of Mieiisaippi—Specially Adapted to the iUiaing of Cotton, Corn, Cattle and Hogs. SOIL RICHEST File WORLD. Write (or Pamphlet" end Maps. E. P. SKENE,'*Land Ooumiaaionor, Central Station. Pat k Row, room #XB, CHICAOQ, Otb The automobile, like the bicycle, la the good friend of good roads. Paris Is so well pleased with the working of Its underground railway that It has decided to build a second. The Venezuelan trade Is getting a hustle upon itself, opening up well la most lines. Conditions there seem to be healthier than for some time past. The Missouri hen last year laid eggs enough for shipment to bring In a cash return of $5,376,600, and her progeny formed a large portion of the poultry which sold for $7,185,000 more. It Is said that Spain will contract for eight now cruisers In England, Prance and Italy, Poor old Spain! SSo will never learn anything from experience. And yet she ought to know by this lime where the best boats are built. Probably It has never occurred to the average man how much free ad vertising he Is doing for the various dealers and manufacturers whom he patronizes. The hatter puts his label In our hats, the tailor attaches his etiquette to our coals. Collars, cuffs, shirts and shoes all bear the name of the maker, so to some extent every man who walks the street is a "sand wich man." The annual report of the commis sioners of prisons of the United King dom, shows a gratifying decrease of crime. During the year 1900 184.33*: portions wore coimulttod to prison, 184.08 G being men nnd 411,250 women. During the year 185,182 were dis charged. leaving 16,670 prisoners In custody at the end of the year, which was a decrease, from 16,593 at the close of 1899. Comparison between the cost, of government In Franco today and dur ing the last year of the empire arc be ing made to the disadvantage of the republic. In 1869 the total cost amounted to $386,000,000. In the year ending March 31, 1901, the expendi tures amounted to $690,000,000. Mean time the population has remained al most stationary and the per eaplto coat of government for the Inst lineal year amounted to $lB. The Increase In cost la duo largely to the French policy of refunding debts and annual deficits ami to the cost of maintain ing unproductive colonies. In many parts of the west and In some of the south, community settle ments of farmers are becoming nu merous, says the Atlanta Journal. A number of farmers build their homos close together and from this central settlement their land lines radiate. The advantages of this plan are ob vious. It affords the championship, the lack of which the wife and chil dren of many a farmer feel so keenly. It mutual protection nnd the means or mutual Improvement. The church, the sehoolhouso, the social club, the general store —all those aro made possible and brought nearer to the people. The benefits of the com munity life thus established are in calculable. Instituted by a Frenchman, for a German society of trpthseekers, and bestowed upon an American. This Is the history of the triennial prlzo of 3000 marks Just awarded by the Berlin Academy of Science to the American historian, Mr. James Ford Uhodes, of Boston. It carries with It fresh and striking proof that the world of science and literature knows none of those political metes and hounds whoso settlement and maintenance form the history of nations, and am accountable for so much of the world's bloodshed. To American his torians this recognition of one who has made a permanent place for him self In his chosen field will bo most •grateful, remarks the New York Post. Any careful observer must have noted how much more popular re creation has of late become among the American people. The Saturday half-holiday is more general and va cations are longer anil more Indulged In by all classes. And In addition to these, excursions and "days off" are more frequent nnd popular than formerly. Someone "handy at fig ures" has estmated that 10,000,000 In the United States will take a vaca tion this summer, and that on an ev srage each one will spend $lO. This would malic a total of $100,000,000 spent tor rest and recreation. It is probable that the figures are too small. Leaving out the rich and leas ure class, to whom time and money Is no object, at least one In each seven of all the people In the country will enjoy a vacation this summer, extending from five to 30 days. This would mean a rest for over 12,000,- 000 people, and If they spend only sl2 each, about $160,000,000 will bo used In gaining rest and recreation. It Is time and money well spent. No Investment made In the whole year brings In larger returns. It Is one of the causes which are adding per ceptibly to the span of life. The lengthening of this span has become so evident that a revision of the old tables of the expectation of human life has been made necessary. 'BB-’-S—-—— Cotisld frill j the hulk of the business the malls aro interfered with so sel dom that the letter which la said to bava been sent through It has never been received may he regarded prima rily ns a myth, and the letter which is said not to have been received though it hna certainly been sent muy be held to have got there. We know that this reflects upon a very common form of apology fur seeming neglect, discour tesy and Uuolqpce, but the ft guns do sot U* , A REFhuCTrON. The only man permitted To enter Fortune’ll geto Is he who keeps on fighting And never yl> Us to (ute. —Profitable Advertising, AAAAAAAAAAAAAA i ~ A ~ i | New MUd Mmi\ The morning was a cloudy one. There was a closeness In the air that seemed to betoken a coming shower. Few people were on the streets, and the street cars had but a small per centage of their usual quota of patrons Situ It was early yet, and these volatile Juno days had a pleasant way of turn ing from tears to smiles at shortest notice. As the Palncsville car checked Us speed at the slop before the Y. M. C. A. building, a tall young man. In a gray summer suit swung himself aboard. He was perhaps five and twenty, with clear-cut features and fine, dark eyes. Ho took a scat next a window and his glance for a moment roamed up ami down the roomy i ar. Two seats behind him, across the aisle, sat a young woman; a young woman who was nice to look at; a young woman upon whom the new comer's glance briefly nnd discreetly rested. She looked up and caught his glance. When his face was turned away she slyly drew a photograph from the ornamental hag that dangled at her belt and carefully studied It. Then she looked over at lbs young man's profile nnd nodded with satisfaction ns she slipped the photograph back. The car was running up Prospect street smoothly and swiftly, and just as It slackened speed at Perry street the young woman seized her umbrella and, wltn a slightly heightened color, stepped nrrosn the aisle and looked down upon the young man. "I beg pardon.' she said In a clear and pleasant voice, "Is this seat re served?” The young man looked around quick ly. "The seat?” ho hastily replied, think not. Did you wish to take it away?” "I wls hto occupy It," said the girl, with great dignity. "Of course," said the young man; “why don't you?" The girl sat down beside the youth with as nonchalant an air as she could assume. The young man looked about the car a little uneasily. There were plenty of whole seats vacant. Ho seemed a trifle troubled. Then he shyly looked around at the girl. “I notice,” he said, "that you asked me If the seat were reserved, Do they reserve seats on this line?” "One would Imagine yon were frc-i Boston," said the girl with n laugh “You want to twist word meanings in the very first breath." "One would know -you were a West ern girl," he said, but ho added no ex planation. "So breezy nnd unconventional," she laughed, “Then you are a stranger in the city?” "Yes.” he admitted. "I don't think there Is any use of trying to conceal It. This Is my first visit to Cleveland Would yon like to know my name?" “No," she answered hastily. Let's he primitive nnd have no names. Wo don’t consider names necessary In a suburban car acquaintance." "Then you are accustomed to this— this sort of thing?” he asked. "To tell yon the truth,” she answo ed, "I'm something of a novice at. it. But being an entire stranger to our manners and our customs yon, of course, wouldn't he expected to And that out." "But come,” she cried, "you are los ing all the scenic effects of this de lightful trip. This Is famous Euchlld avenue, and w.e are running throng'- the Hast End. Aren’t the hous-s pretty?” "The lawns are lovely,”he answered, "nnd the trees are splendid." "They are a specialty of ours,” she said. “And so. I think, are pretty girl*," ho boldly added, "I’m afraid," she lightly remarked, “that being from Boston yon are not a qualified judge. There, this Is Wade Park. Lovely approach, Isn’t It? And over there 1s the Case School, amt there are several of the buildings of the Western Reserve University. And If yon look closely through the (roes on this side, you will see the halts of my alma mater, the Woman's Col lege." "I salute It," he said and slightly lifted his hat. > "In the name of advancing women I thank yon," said the girl with a little Inclination of her head. "It's very nice of you to take all this trouble,” he said, “I'm sure I appre ciate Is very highly. By the way, please let me Introduce myself." "No.” she said hastily. "You must he very cautious about confiding your name to Western strangers. Don’t for get that you are no longer In the East." "We are running through East Cleveland now." she said. "There Is a continuous row of these charming houses from the city through East Cleveland and Coßamer " "CoUamer?” he Interrupted. “Why, that has something to do wtth my get ting off place, It’s either the second stop this side, or the other—l’m to tsk the conductor. You see I'm partially expected. An old collage classmate has Invited me to visit him at his home.* Then something called him from the city for a day of two, hut he telegraphed me to go right to the house and make myself at home. I'm a shy man—don’t laugh please and 1 hesitated about Imposing on strangers. So I left my baggage at the hotel anl thought Id just come out for a coll and see how the land lies." "You have a rather poor opinoln hf western hospitality,” said the girl. “You have much to learn.” "And may I ask where yon are go ing’” he inquired, with amazing as surance. “It's going to be a lovely day after all,” replied the girl. "It will be a lovely ride. I’m going to Palnesvllle and back," “And may I go with you, my pretty maid?” Ho knew he was brazen, and yet he actually felt a pride In his new found boldness. "I was just about to ask you. kind sir, she said,” cried the girl with a merry laugh. "But only on three con ditions.” "Name them." "Yon will pay the fare, I will fur nish the dinner, and neither of us Is to express any curiosity as to the Identity of the other." "Accepted and filed," infd the de lighted youth. "My friends here whom I hrn nsvsr sesn do not know on WfcM twin I fit* to arrive, and to they will not expect me at any particular hour. I can take a day off aa well .ui not" So they talked and laughed nnd en joyed the emlllng fields and the green ridges, and the blue sky. And the young roan from Boaton, the shy stu dent. the diffident professor fairly bubbled over with the pleasure of this little Journey. When they finally whirled Into the little town and halted by the side of the pretty park, the young man wau Quite loath to leave the car. But they took a stroll down the street to the river, and out on the now bridge, and up In the ancient cemetery, and gazed admiringly at the beautiful view of the valley, and came back to the hotel with fine appetite. And after dinner they stolled across the park and along the pleasant high way to the beautiful seminary grounds, nnd there they entered the car when It overtook them. And all the way back the young man from Boston - regretfully remembered that this day happiness was nearing the end. “We are close to Collaraer now," said the girl. “Oh," ho cried. “Then perhaps you can help me to find my friends? They are the Morgans. And presently they alighted and stood the roadside. "One moment,” said the girl softly. “I want to tell you something that may surprise you.” “t think not." remarked the young man from Boston. “You are Jack ...organ's sister. Alice." "What a shame! How did you know me?" He drew a photograph from his In ner coal pocket "My portrait!" she cried. "Where aid you got It?” "It was the one thing of Jack's that I coveted, and ho let me have It.” "You’ve spoiled the fun," nhe pouted. “If. was spoiled for me," he laughed. "But. do you know, I didn’t feel at, all aware you knew me.” "Ah, but 1 have a photograph, too," she cried. "And I went down town on purpose to try and find you. Jack wanted mo to. And —but what a hor rid thing you must have thought me”" "I didn’t think you anything of the sort.” ho stoutly asserted. “On the contrary ’’ "There, please don't got sentimen tal." v "But you must, admit It was a senti mental Journey." “Nonsense," she said. "And you really lilted It?" "There Is on.y one other Journey that two can take that. I fancy may surpass It," he said with another as tonishing attack of boldness. She blushed as she turned away, but she didn't ask him what Journey he meant. —W. R. Rose, In Cleveland Plain Dealer. PEARLS OF THO JCjHT. Nature and wisdom always say the same,—Juvenile. Life lias no blessing like a prudent friend. —Euripides. Wealth Is not his that has It, but his that enjoys It.—Franklin. Politeness is good nature regulated by good senna.—Sidney Smith. Choose such pleasures as recreate much and coat little.—Fuller. Every one has n fair turn to be ns groat as he pleases.—Jeremy Collier. The loss we parade our misfortunes the more sympathy we command. —O. Dewey. A crowd always thinks with Us sympathy—never with Us reason—W. R. Algor. There Is not a string attuned to mirth but has Its chord of melan choly.—Hood. Prejudice, which secs what It pleases, cannot see whpt Is plain.— Aubrey De Vere. The Innocence of the Intention abates nothing 01 the mischief of the example.—Robert Hall. A person under the firm persuasion that he can command resources vir tually has them. —I.lvy. Futiir* Vourent of Col Ten. According to the treasury bureau of statistics, "the people of the United Slates are sending out of the country mon than $1,000,000 a week In pay ment tor coffee consumed In this coun try. all of which could bo readily pro duced in Porto Klco. Hawaii and the Philippine Islands, which have already shown their ability to produce coffee of a high grade, commanding good prices in the markets of the world. Pffrto Rican coffee has long been looked upon as of a high grade, and for many years has commanded high prices In the markets of Europe; and the developments of coffee culture in Hawaii during the past few years have also been very satisfactory In the quality of coffee produced and the prices realized. In the Philippines the product la of high grade, and the fact that In physical conditions and clim ate the Islands are very similar to Java, the greatest coffee producing region of the world, suggests great posslblltics to those who desire to see American money expended under the American flag. The fact that the United States is by far the greatent coffee consuming country In the world, and is steadily increasing her consumption, further suggests that American capital and energy may turn their attention to this promising field now opened In the Island where Ameri can enterprise can safely Invest In business ventures.—Gram's Magazine. Nfw* from TrU'wii tin < nuhn. An interesting account of Tristan da Cunha. that solitary Island In the mid die of the Atlantic, between America and South Africa, is given In “Annalet Hydrographlques,” by a German cap tain who recently visited It. There are slxty-threo innabitants oi the Island, he says, and their time It spent In fishing and brooding cattle They have between five hundred and six hundred cows, and as many sheep and they also have an abundance o) butter, milk, eggs and vegetables. Or the other hand, they are often In need of flour, tea. coffee and tobacco; though, as there are only five smoken on Tristan da Cunha, the occasional dearth of tobacco cannot be regarded as a national calamity. The German captain found the Is landers very sociable. They provided him and his men with a supply oi fresh meat, and In return received come articles of clothing, which wert much needed. A I'nnmn, "Here’s a distinguished scientist who says that after all there is noth Ing in germs." "Nothing in germs? Nonsense Why. look how much the doctors havi made out of them.” There are 16.400 uninhabited ielandi In the Indian ocean between Malagas e*r Mid India SB ANY MORE FOR SLUMBERLAND. There'* a boat that sail* at half past six From the busy port of Play*, And it reaches the haven of Slumberland Before the close of day. The boatswain whistles so low and sweet (Like a mother's lullaby) That the travelers smile and dose their eyes, To dream of angels nigh. Sometimes the travelers tarry too long In the busy port of Play, And the anxious boatman coaxes and calls, And grieves at their delay. The name of the boat is Rock-a-by, And it’s guided by mother’s hand, '•'or she is the patient boatman, dear, Who takes you to Slumbcrland. Now, what is the fare a traveler pay* * On a Rock-a-by boat like this? Vhy, the poorest child can afford the price. For it’s only a good night kiss! —American Boy. VVHF.RE PARK BIRDS BATHE. Every morning on my way downtown f go across Washington Park, in the louthertl part of Chicago. The recent tot, dry weather had succeeded in parch .ng the grass until in places it was as jrown as a meadow that hut lately had tfccn mowed. To keep the gras* green ■he workmen in the park had placed 1 prinklers that spread out continuous showers of water, and under these the verdure seemed to lift itself up and drink in the drops as greedily as a young tird opens it mouth for the dainty that its mother brings for it. But I found •hat the grass was not all that benefited by the generous rain from the hose. Robins, sparrows, warblers, and other feathered dwellers in the park made it the scene of their morning baths, and under the refreshing spray were gath ered in flocks, pluming their clothes and fairly rolling upon the ground in their satisfaction. The robins were not very friendly to the sparrows, and sought con tinually to chase them away from the bath, but the sparrows refused to be thus defeated, and dodged around, here and there, always managing to keep within the circle of the rainfall. It was a very lively bath these birds of the jnrk enjoyed, and no domtt they thought the sprinklers were put there for their jwn special benefit. —Chicago Kecord- IJerald. A CURIOUS COLLECTION. Master Oliver Ryder, of Stamford, Conn., has a colony of thirty-seven rats, all of them either white or black and white. The rats were a great surprise :o Oliver's father and mother. He had asked if he might keep "his rats" in the ’inpty henhouse, and not dreaming that he could mean to keep more than two, or at least three of the strange pets, they gave him permission without a liicslion, says the New York Tribune. Rut when, one day, in gnat triumph, Oliver led them into the yard, and, with the warning, "Shut the door, quick, or they’ll get out!" allowed them to peep inside the once quiet henhouse, their astonishment at the swarms of little creatures knew no bounds. A family council was held and Oliver was forced (o tell how his pets became so numerous. His object had keen to raise the rats to -ell pt a few cents each. He had begun with only a pair of them, which he hoarded among another hoy's pets, be cause he knew how much his mother lisliked them. But soon this other boy’s •bother refused to house the rats longer, ind a third friend, who had also taken i hoarder or two. was obliged to return them because he was going away. All the while the numbers had rapidly in creased, and it grew harder to make the few sales pay for their board out ride. So all the rats had suddenly come back on their owner's hands, and he had established them together in the hen house. Oliver was at least allowed to keep his rats, but on one condition. If he neglects them or fails to give them their regular food and drink they must be taken away at once, and only con stant care of the little animals on their owner's part will save them from imme diate destruction. TILLIE'S KNITTING-WORK LES SON. When my grandma was young, little girls were taught to do ittany useful things. Little girls thought it no hard hip to wash and dry the dishes, and spread up the beds after a stronger hand had shaken the great feather mattresses; and all the doll-clothes of those days must have been well made, because the "little mothers" were given every day a lesson in sewing, crocheting, or knitting, as soon as they were old enough to learn. One day, one summer, grandma's mother called her three little daughters to her, and said: "I am going to teach you to knit. I will give a reward for the first pair of socks; and how proud papa will be to wear them I” Then she gave Lucinda, Alida and lit tle Tillie each a great ball of yarn and a set of shining knitting-needles. She pa tiently spent a great deal of time in showing them how to "set up a sock” mi three needles, and how to hold it, and how to use the fourth needle to really “knit.’* The upper maid, Dinah, was to show them how to shape the heel and toe, and “narrow” and "bind off,” as she herself was to be away for some weeks. So every day, very soon, each little girl took her ball and needles, and went away to her own favorite nook; and for some time a very lively race went on for the prize. For at least a fortnight the little girls knitted industriously. Then Alida be gan to weary, even before one sock was completed; and Lucinda’s sock grew very slowly, though the knitting always showed even and smooth. But how little Tillie did work! Her small fingers fairly flew. Her little white pet rabbits nibbled at the ball of yarn, and wondered why Tillie did not have a word to say to them. Every day she took her little stool out into the grape arbor and diligently knitted away, though the shouts of the children pad dling in the brook came to her cars, the loudest among them the voices of her two sisters. "I will finish first," she said. "I will win the prize 1 I know I can 1” After a very long time to Tillie. and surprisingly short time to the sisters, Tillie announced-—it was on the day after mamma’s return home—that her socks were finished; and then Alida wished she had not been having such a good time and had more to show than just one-half of a sock, not very tidy looking. Lucinda had finished one sock, and it was very prettily and evenly knit- j led t but she, 100, wzs ashamed that little Till)* had autdona hen Tillie laid the pair of socks on mam ma’s lap with a triumphant little smile. The three little girls hovered near while mamma slipped one of the socks over her hand. But what do you think? There were about a hundred little holes where Tillie had dropped a stitch every now and then! Alasl and the other sock was quite as bad. Mamma smiled as she said, "these socks will have to be darned before they can be worn.” Alida laughed merrily, but Lucinda put her arms around poor little Tillie whose tears were falling softly over the careless work. “Never mind, Tillie," she said, "you will get the prize, fur you did knit the first pair I" Well, grandma's mamma—grandma was Tillie—gave them each a prize foi learning to knit, a little work-box with needles, scissors, thread and tiny thimble. "Tillie has learned something else, too 1 think," said mamma as she stooped to kiss the tear-stained and sorry little face. Then she gave Tillie her work box, a pretty blue one, and said In * whisper, "Make haste slowly!” Grandma says it has been over fifty years since she won that prize, and she has forgotten how to knit; but the les son she learned along with her knitting she will never forget.—Mary Goodwin Hubhell, in Little Folks. HELPING MAMMA. May I leave baby here with you foi a little while, ma'am?” asked Sarah, the nurse. "1 will not be gone more thar, half an hour.” "Yea, Sarah, came from mamma, ir faint tones, from mamma's couch in 3 corner of the darkened room. "Give hot some pictures and toys, and I think she will be quiet until you come back," ane! Sarah went out, dosing the door very softly behind her. “Mamma sick?" cooed baby, trotting to the couch and reaching up a fat little hand to pat the sufferer’s cheek. "Poor, poo-oor mamma!" "Yes, darling." answered mamma "Mamma has a bad headache. Sara! has been bathing her poor head with camphor. Baby must he quiet, and lei mamma sleep" Baby sat very quietly in her little chair for at least three whole minutes Her round blue eyes were very serious, and the little forehead puckered into funny wrinkles. Such a sober, thought ful look upon the round, rosy face! All at once the picture hook and the black woolly lamb and the precious rag dolly dropped from her lap as die arose and tiptoed carefully across the room just as she had steu Sarah do a short time before. Then she tried to climb tip' on a chair which stood close to the dresser. First one little fat knee went up, then the other iu a vain effort tc reach the chair bottom. Then baby stood in deep thought. The sober face bright ened as her eyes fell upon the cornet of a foot-stool which was partly bidder under the bed. She brought it to the chair, and by its help managed to gel upon the chair, proving that for halite* as well as for grown-ups "wbeie there’s a will there’s a way." She seized one of mamma's handker chiefs that lay upon the dresser, and * puffing and panting, let herself down again backward, coming to the carpel with a thud, which fortunately, mamma was too ill to notice. A little startled by the fall, she lay sprawling on the carpel, waiting to gel her breath. Besides, poor Tootscy Wootsey, her dearest, her precious rag dolly, had to be set straight. The poot creature lay in a most painful position, with her right arm and one leg doubles! under her, in a way most trying to look at. Baby got upon her feet and ten derly lifted Toolsey Wootsey, leaning her in a silting position against the dresser, which served as a support for her weak back. Then she placed the woolly lamb at her feet for company. Which duly done, baby turned her mind to the matter in hand. "Poor mamma! Poor, poo-oor mam ma!” she said to herself over and over, pushing the chair before her until it stood before the wash stand. Bringing the foot-stool she climbed on to the chair as before. It was a hard task fot the tot, but harder still to get down with the bottle of spirits of camphot clutched lightly in her chubby fist, but ‘he did manage it without either falling this time or dropping the bottle. Seated on the floor, she pulled out the glass stopper and poured most of the contents of Hie bottle over the pockei handkerchief. "Poor, pod-oor mamma." gasped baby, struggling for ber breath with the fume< which went up her poor little none and down her throat. When her breath came back she tiptoed softly to the couch with the dripping cloth in her hand, and reaching up on tiptoe laid it upon mam ma s aching forehead and eyes, saying; "Poor, pon oor mamma. Bahy make mamma well.” Mamma started up wildly, her face dripping, her <tyes filled with spirits ol camphor. "Baby make mamma well." said baby again m pitying accents. "Mamma well now ? very anxiously. \e*' darling, gasped mamma, catch ing baby it, a close hug and burying hei burning eyes in the little dress. "You precious little pet." And baby heaved th-rafd ° f C ° met ' t ~ C, ‘ ica S° Ri'cord- Cufft as Postal Card*. Well-starched cuff* as correspondence cards is one of the latest fad-. A two cent stamp is placed on one side of tht cuff and this side is properly addressed 1 he message is written on the reverse side. As the required postage is on this rather novel card of course the postal authorities see that it is properly delivered. Some of the cuff messages, however, are not sent as novelties. They arc sent in grim seriousness. One of the most recent of this characir was the mes sage sent by a laundress to a customer. It contained the dates and amounts ol the various bills for washing his linen which he had neglected to pay. All sorts and conditions of cuffs art used. Ihe brilliantly colored cuff ol a fancy shirt may come in the same bag with a white cuff. The neatly laundered cuff as well as one that hi> been doing duty at both ends arc side by side. Ihe new cuff whose frayed edges hayee been trimmd by shears car also be found in the mail. High Light*. That courtesy which is not obsequious ness is the finest grace of commerce Escape from yesterday and faith ir “•-morrow help us pull through to-day With the things which money will buy human nature consoles itself for iht things which money won’t buy. Chi cago Kecord-Ilcrald. It is one kind of mosquito that car ries malaria and quite another kind that spreads yellow fever. The only sa f, rule is to kill every mosquito that bites Western Australia was last pf the lit tr colonial to receive tha prlviUa* oi raipsmiiWt lavtrnmanh THE FAMILY WELL* ' The family well may give pure water for years, but in the course of time the soil through which water percolates be comes saturated with impure matter and the water becomes more or Ves contami nated. This process may be a slow one, but it is sure, ncverthelers. a DON’T CULTIVATE THE WEEDS. Hundreds of farmers purchase fertili sers every year in order to provide plant food for weeds. In experiments made in England, by growing beets ort the same land for forty years, the crop was much better at the end of the fortieth year than that on land that had received barn yard manure. This superiority was due to the fact that the close cultivation given the beets year after year destroyed all weeds. The weeds in a field will sometimes take mure nitrogen than is supplied by the fertilizers applied. Therefore if farmers will give thorough culture, they will save the value of the fertilizers appropriated by weeds. WHEN TO WEAN THE LAMBS. The usual age for weaning the lambs is about at the rid of the fourth month, except for some special reason and when a .more vigorous and early growth is de sired. At that age the lambs should have become accustomed to cat about everything the old sheep lives upon and should gain a thrifty support without the milk of the dam, which should be dried off preparatory to breeding again in the fall. This applies to flocks of improved breeding, the lambs of which ire intended for future breeding animals themselves. KEROSENE FOR ROOSTS. There is no one thing so absolutely necessary to the poultry yard as kero sene. Aside from its cheapness, k will be found one of the best things to spray on the roosts. It not only prevents mites from getting a foothold, but the fowls will never have scaly legs when it is used. There is nothing so good for slight attacks of colds which fowls often :atch during changeable weather, and in mild cases of croup it almost invariably :ures. Scaly legs are caused from para sites that burrow under the skin, and aside from their unsightliness, will in lime produce lameness. Kerosene ap plied to the legs will in a few days cause every sign of scale to disappear. The roosts should have a general ap plication of kerosene at least twice a month, and when whitewashing the house a gill should be put in each buck et of whitewash. During the winter moments a little may be poured around the edges of the nests, and thus make doubly sure that all mites are killed.— Home and Farm. GUINEA FOWL AS BUG CATCH ERS. Some insects that arc known to be ■ pest to farmers are destroyed by birds. Farmers should be friends of the birds ind help to make public sentiment and laws to protect them. But in place of insect-catching birds, guinea fowls serve a like purpose. A writer in Western Fruit Grower gives his experience: "I had a flock of fifteen,” says he, ‘and in watching them travel (and they sre travelers) 1 learned that what the first did not get those in the rear did. They have an eye like a robin. I have icen them turn their heads a little side ways, as though looking wise, step six or eight fee< away, and get the worm every time. “ I hey arc fond of potato bugs, and will clean a patch better than Paris green. I believe a flock of a hundred will beat spraying all to pieces; and then the young, half-grown birds arc as good (or a fry as prairie-chicken. “The main trouble is to raise the roung. 1 would set them under a com mon hen. She will beat the mother guinea hen. who, while she will hatch twenty-five or more, will travel off and let them drop out one by one until they are all gone.” HELP OUT THE COWS, Farmers arc more and more under standing the value of a continuous sup ply of succulent foods for stock, and there is much effort on the part of all the experiment stations to test the value nf forage crops that will lend to prolong the pasturage season. Most of the grasses now in common use are injured by the usual summer drouth, and then the pastures arc dried up. The value of the cowpca as an adjunct to the pasture is being recognized, and farmers will do well to study the adaptability of this crop to their localities. Cowpcas may be sown after grain is harvested, and will grow quickly if there is moisture enough to sprout them. The seed bed should be firm. While they may be sown broadcast, yet most farmers prefer drilling them in. If all the tubes are used a fine forage will be secured, though some recommend using every other drill tube, Usually a bushel and a half of seed is sown to an acre. Cattle or sheep may be turned on them when the peas have reached the blossom ing stage. Ihe land on which has grown this crop of cowpeas can be disked once or twice late in August or early in Sep tember and sown to rye. It w j|| be best to cross the disk the second time. When ! rye is intended for fall pasture, there should be not less than two and one half bushels of seed sown to the acre. It should be kept closely grazed, so that it will not joint, for when it joints its Power to produce much pasture or good pasture is destroyed.— Rural World. feeding and fatting young GEESE. When the young geese are hatched do not give them feed or water for the first thirty-six hours, or if water, only a few drops from the finger tips. Their first feed should be bread crumbs, moisten ed with boiled sweet milk, and mashed ZJT hard boiled egg. After that for the first week feed boiled oat meal and bran moistened with milk, or scalded meal and shorts. Then add cracked corn and wheat. When three days old feed all the green food that they will cat, young sprouting rye, clo ve* purslane, onion tops. etc. Have plenty of water for drinking purposes near them, but in a vessel which they cannot get into as they should be kept as dry as possible. They should .be fed often, but not V" Cat at one feeding. They Should be kept clean, as they eat so greedily that they will devour drop °rruany ng - i,nd fii,h is fatal to them They need car e for the first two or three weeks, after which they will look out for tocmselves. A good pen in which they can be kept during tins time is made of four boards one or two feet wide and ten or fifteen ft long, nailed together at the corners. J h.s can be moved about from place to p act over patches of young rye or ten wwaww food. They should always be housed at night, and have shade accessible durin, the day. as intense heal or dampness i* fatal to them. Whep young they ghouß not be allowed to run on the grass unti' the dew is off. Kill by severing flic artery in the neck with a small, sharp knife, or by gi v i„, a sharp blow on the head. Let there bleed hanging up, for about fi Vf min utes. Then plunge into boiling vvatet (or about twelve seconds, wrap in a don and let steam for five nynutes. Pj C |, immediately, beginning at the head, and the down will come off very easily. Ct t , should be exercised in plucking yOUn goslings, as the skin is often very ie„, dcr and tears readily. Green gosling* as young goslings are called, should not be drawn for market. After picking place them in ice cold water for an hom to plump them. In eight weeks geese can be made tc weigh eight pounds, and at the end ol three months from fifteen to eighteen pounds, depending on the breed. Soitk large varieties will weigh twenty pound: the first season. When they are f ron! cight to ten weeks old they can lie sold to those who make a business of fatten ing them for market, or may be fattened at home, when they will bring mud more. The falter they are the bet tea price they will bring, especially in J tw . ish quarters, as the Jews make extensive use of goose fat. The best market f ot them is in June or early July. If sold then keep them and fatten f n . Christmas, Pen them three or four weeks before selling them, first putting them i nto water to clean their feathers, and then into a pen with clean straw. Feed scald ed meal in a crumbly stole, with about one-fifth part meat scraps, or give crack ed corn with water, or a little com ami always plenty of grass. They should he given all the food they will eat. Keep them quiet for if excited or disturbed they will not fatten. Young geese art ready for market when the tips of the wings reach the tail.—E. I. Cole, it American Agriculturist. MANUFACTURING "EARLY pn TATOES." Dr. G. W. Harvey, in Popular Science tells of bogus new potatoes which hi found in various parts of the West, but which arc manufactured in California "The manufacturing gardener," ht says, "is an enterprising genius of for cign extraction, generally Portuguese Italian or Chinaman, and he makes the most of his opportunities. By his pri vale process of making new potatoes, he gets at least two months' advance on the market in many places, and thereby reaps a profit many times above whai the legitimate natural product would bring him. The extent of (his business must be somewhat gigantic, for I havt seen these made new potatoes in all tig markets from Denver to Albuquerque, and Salt Lake City to Cape Nome. The commission merchants and wholesale dealers must certainly know of and abet the fraud, or the gardener could not market his wares. The average re tail merchant is not aware of the de ception. to my own personal knowledge and deals out to his customers iu all in noccnceithe fraudulent new potatoes. "The method of their manufacture i‘ unique, and it is done as follows: Late in the season, after other crops are oul of the way, the gardener plants a crop of late and good keeping potatoes. The time has been chosen from experience, and is opportune for a yield of small potatoes before the frosts of wintei come down upon the gardener's truck patch. These potatoes are dug and bur ied in heaps in the open field and left until spring opens and the new potato season arrives. At the proper time the heaps arc opened and the potatoes sort ed according to sires. In the mcantimt a large kettle or vat is set in the field adjacent to the potato heaps, and made ready by filling with water and adding sufficient lye to effectually curl the skir of the potato when dipped into the boil ing solution. A crane and metal basket are rigged so that the dipping can bi done expeditiously, and the way that' new potatoes- are turned out is astonish*,! iug. The effect of dipping any potato no matter how old, into this boiling lye solution, is to crack and curl the skin, and at the same time it hardens 01 makes the potato much more firm, sc that its resemblance to anew potato it so near that it would be hard to pick out the impostor, from appearance alone from a basket of the genuine article After dipping, the potaties are rinsed ir another vat and spread out to dry ic the sun and cure into perfect new pota toes and the work is complete. “The only way that you can tell the fraudulent new potato is to cut one opet and notice its appearance carefully from circumference to centre. For a short distance in from the skin of the mack potato you will, if you look closely, see a yellowish white line of semi-cookec and watery appearance. If this test it not conclusive, put one or two into somt cold water and let them come to a boil and you will notice a faint lye color, anti the water that covers them will have a slippery, alkaline feci that any housewift cannot mistake.” Th* School-Boy of the Future. i cacher (to applicant for admission) Johnnie, have you got a certificate ol vaccination ?" “Yes, sir.” Have you been inoculated lot croup?” "Yes, sir.” Had your arm scratched with cholers bacilli ?” "Yes, sir.” "Have you a written guarantee that you are proof against whooping-cough measles, mumps and old age?”* “Yes, sir.” Have you your own private drinkitu cup ?” "Yes, sir.” Do you promise not to exchangt sponges with the boy next to you, an? never use any but your own pencil?” "Yes, sir.” Will you agree to have your book; fumigated with sulphur and sprinkle your clothes with chloride of lime onct a week?” "Yes, sir.” Johnnie, you have met the first re quirements of the modern sanatorium and may now climb into a scat an? forthwith begin (o learn.” Mr. Hubbsll’s Featherless Chicken. John L, Hubbell, who is engaged it raising chickens, has two freaks. One h a chicken that has two bills and bul one eye, never having had the scconc one, and the other one is a chicken, no* two months old, that is minus al feathers, never having had a sign ol one on it. It does not care to mix it with the other chickens to a great ex ,f nt r for there arc no feathers to protect him from their pecking. This they de light in doing, but he does not enjoy in the leant. There are no indication' that he will ever be clothed, and if not his costume, while good at present, wjl scarcely be the one for comfort later it the season.—Antonio Sentinel. From the Atlantic Ocean to the heat of Lake Superior e vessel may sail it Canadian wafers a tiiflaffta of ( fio M Ml* mlUt.