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EXCEPT HtS MOTHER.
frolks all railed him to account; Stamped him as a worthless loafer; Said he never won'd amount To a common striped gopher; And whate’er he might commit— So they vowed to one another— They'd not be surprised a bit. (That la, ail except hia mother.) TUI a sudden crisis eonie Sacrifice and courage testing, Leaped to lips a hero's name, J.nud from e'en the coldest wresting. And tbo chop thus signalized Was “that loafer," nnd no other! Then the folks all were surprised! (That Is, all except his mother.) —Bdwln L. Sabin, In flood Ilousrc keeping. At Bristow Station. Bristow Station was In the fan Handle section of Texas, and a more lonely and dreary place It would lie hard to find. There was but one building, which served for freight house, passenger depot, ticket and telegraph office. Bert Brown, the K, ft M. agent, had to do aff the business and cook his own meals over au oil stove. There were four trains dally over the road, but. unless flagged, the two passenger trains went through Bristow at a fifty mile clip. To the west of the station was a long siding with cattle pens, then a straight track for thirty miles over the prairie. Bert could always count on a visit from three or four tramps a day, and, though the Instructions from the di vision superintendent were to "dis courage' them, ho took Uls own course in the matter. To "discourage" them meant to threaten them with pains and penalties and refuse them even a drink of water. To Bert It looked 100 much like childish sptte, and, though ho may have done some prowl ing now and then, he always hail a bite to cat and a bit of tobacco for the "tourist” whoso language was respect ful. Asa matter of fact there were times when he could sit down with one of llieni for an hour nnd bo inter ested In the tramp’s adventures by flood and field. If Bert (lid not obey )ii:i lust ructions to the letter the on tloti hose on (tint section Old. Ho was a hurley hit; lellow, regarded hy bla employes as a holly and a coward. Agent and boss had never had a word on the subject, however, until one summer afternoon ho happened along with his ear and his gang Just a a tramp had reached the station and was resting in the shade. Bert had not seen the fellow ns yet, when he heard a row outside. The section boss had spied the hobo and stopped to give him a drubbing. The tramp was a man about 30, and It needed only one glance at his face to prove that lie was not horn to the rogd. He had an Intelligent eye and his speech was that of an educated man. The boss went hunting for trumps. If one was found track walking lie received such a thumping Inal he could hardly crawl off to a highway, and no f’" i-hi train with a hobo on the bump ers could pass the boss that hla sharp eyes would not detect the culprit. Perhaps It was the man's fierce ' roily toward tramps that softened Ilerl's heart. The scttlon boss was already slam ming him around when Bert Interfer ed. Ah tho big brute let go of his vic tim he r-avo him a whirl and brought him down on tho Iron rail. Tho hobo ’av there until Bert assisted him to rise, lie complained of a pain In his eh!", hut after resting for awhile It seemed to pass off. The story he told was not.new to the agent. Born of good parents and with a good start Is life drink and a spirit of adventure had been his bane. He did not men tiou what occupation he had followed, and Bert, In his genial thonghtfo) way. refrained from exhibiting too much curiosity. After accepting lunch a bracer of whiskey and a few coins, he left the station and continued weat ward. This was toward sundown. The tramp had been gone about an hour when a thunder storm came up. and for an hour it rained furiously. A mile to the east of Bristow they were putting in anew bridge over a small creek, with the rails laid on u temporary track. It was not B it's business to worry about that bridge, ami be hadn't given It u thought when be received a message from Clairs vllle, nine mites to the west, that the section gang bad been damped into the ditch and all badly Imrt. Then arose Hie question whether It was his duty to remain at the station and lie ready for a call, or to make a trip to the new bridge and sec that all was safe. He knew Hint the creek would be bank lull from (he downpour, and, ns It was In the dry season when no rain wa.s expected, the temporary tracks might lie swept away. After fifteen minutes in doubt and worry be tele graphed Olalrsvlllo that he was going to the creek and at once set out on a run. He had scarcely started when a gale sprang up In hla very teeth, and within ten minutes it was all he could do to make way against .t at n walk. Darkness had fallen before ho reached the culvert. Tho bridge was gone! The first train due was a freight nt 9 o’clock. This train would side track nt Bristow for the express bound east. He had brought a red lantern, and Hits ho managed to secure to a pole sus pended over the track. That would stop ttm freight, and lie would get back to the station in time to flag tho ex press. The wind was howling along nt the rale of sixty miles an hour, and a dozen different times in returning over that mile of track Bert was blown flat or clear off the track Into tho ditch. Even with the gale at his back It took him as long to go back as it had to come, and he was thoroughly played out when he readied the station. Even before he mounted tho platform he heard the Instrument calling mm and realized that something was up. A surprise awaited him ns ho opened the door. Sitting at tho table, with hla head on his arms and apparently asleep, was the tramp of tho afternoon. The Instrument was calling "B" “B” ns If lives depended on an Instant an swer, and Bert had to reach over the sleeping man’s shoulder to reply. In a minute came this message from Clalrlsville: “What the dlekcnt Is the matter with you? Are there any more empt ies on the way?” “What do you mean?" Bert asked. “I mean that I have ditched the seven cattle oars, and want to know If any ot’ ors got awaV?” It took some minutes to make mat ! ' plain. Several times Bert shook Die deeper and called to him to vacate ■ ; . hut he did not move. Tne . !-,- k freight had brought dovn v cp cattle cars, and after backing the iding ..ad pulled out . i ih'-tali wide open. The section gang bad passed the spot with out noticing the switch, and when the gale came up seven of'the cars had blown out on the main track and start ed down the road nt thirty miles an hour. The other nine would have fol lowed had not one of them Jumped the track and held the rest. Clairsvlllo had received word ot the runaway and ditched them to prevent a smashnp wifci* the express. It was a ghostly telegram that had been sent In Bert's absence. inc In jured tramp who had left him that af ternoon had, for some reason, return ed to the track later on. He must have seen the op n switch and sighted the runaway empties. He had made his way down to the station lo give Bert the information, nnd finding nun gone had sat down to the Instrument and warned Clnlrsvllle. Me had given Bert no hint that he was an operator, hut such was the case. He had sent the message through in good shapo and saved the road a big smashnp. "Here —wakeup—wake up, and shake hands nnd let me thank you." Bert shouted ns the myst ry was solved and he felt his heart growing big. No reply broke the silence which suddenly and strangely Impressed Bert. The hands he touched were cold. The Impiest was held at (llalrsvllle, and the verdict was “heart disease, aggravated by a recent Injury." The "recent Injury” consisted of three | broken ribs. The fai t that this was received nt the hands of (he section boss was not stated. That the poor chap hail ever managed to walk a hun dred rods the doctors declared a won derful thing. He was nameless, home less and friendless, and the railroad company had no sentiment and no gratitude. The poor bruised body was laid In a pauper's grave, unmark ed and uneared for. and only Bert Brown stood besl> i the last resting place of Bristow SVtlun's hero.—New York Hvenlng Bun. GREATER THAN PYRAMIDS. Hill In Illinois Surpasses, as a Huge Rock, Egypt's Relic. Mimks's Moiled, on the boundary line between St. (Hair and Madison counties, Illinois, was visited by a party led by Dr. Henry Mason Baum, of Washington. Hixty-three mounds form the group, and It was pronounced hy Dr. liauni one of the wonders of the world and the largest antiquity In the United States. "The unanimous view of the party was that the mound was wholly the work of man," said Dr. Baum. "Pos sibly it was never complet 'd. The principal mound exceeds the great pyramids of Mexico. "Most of the earth used in making the elevations wan transported more than half a mile, and the scenes of ex cavation, where the builders got their earth, are still visible in the depressed places. Roughly estimating the la bor. I should my that it required the efforts of 10,000 men for three years to build the mound. All of the earth was carried in baskets. “Years ago a trench was dug Into the side of the mound, hut not to a sufficient extent to reveal what It con tained. In order to determine what the mound was used for. It would ho necessary In carry trenches from dif ferent parts toward the centre, and this Would not only require skilful ex cavntlug, hut considerable time and money. This excavating ought to be done before tho World’s Fair. "The surroundings are much like the Warka neighborhood, In the Tlgro- Kuphrates valley. .Hist as the plain stretching out from the Warka was the great burial place of that region, and that around Die pyramids of Egypt the burial place of that region, so the Uahokln neighborhood wan the place of sepulture of the population Hint once Inhabited the Mississippi valley. As the pyramids of Egypt Were the tenths of kings, so possibly were these mounds the tombs of tho chiefs or rulers of a prehistoric race. "This remarkable locality—the richest In the United States from an antiquarians standpoint- liould bo made a nallunnl or state park. "On of the wonders of tho world Is at the doors of tit. I mils If pro vision could be made for a visit to the locality of scientific men of Europe they would carry back with them new impressions of the greatness of the piehlstorle race of Aineileu Impres sions that they do not now dream of. A Tramp Who Wanted to Fly. "Can I see tin; .lodge? a man naked j of i.oe of the attendants at the Jeffer- | son Market Police Court. The visitor was a peculiar looking customer, a sort of cross between an Italian peed and an •Irish tramp, no the court officer became interested. "What do you want the Judge tor?” he asked, "I want to lie arrested.” "Arrested? What, good will that do yon? We don't feed our prisoners on Waldorf-Astoria stuff, 1 can tell yon that.” "I know, but that isn't what I'm af ter,” replied the poetic tramp. “All I want is a large, light cell. I am an Inventor. I'm working on a flying machine. But I have no room. I’m 100 poor to pay for one. Yesterday I read about the man who invented the watch. lie got a judge to sentence him to prison, and he was locked up until he finished bln watch.” “Do yon want to he locked up till you lly away on your machine?” ask ed the court officer. "Yon had better lly away with yourself now. Wo don't arrest Inventors In this country."— Now York Commercial Advertiser. The Sand Path*. At a little village near Huy, Belgium, In the night of April 30, there exists the custom known as the "Chcmins dc Sables,” or sand paths. On the morn ing of May 1 the village lanes are found covered with narrow tracks of white sand running side hy side, and by following them one will be led at one end to the house of some win some country lass, and at the other end to the home of her village lover. Sometimes these sand paths are miles In length and will take those who follow them to all tho most fre quented haunts of Iho lovers. How ever, to Know those secrets and intri gues the curious must rise with tho early bird, for the maidens spy out from their windows and when they soo a streak of white sand lending up to tholr doors hasten down to sweep away the telltale track. Sometimes several sand streaks lead to the door of the same lans, a sign that she Is a decided favorite. —Now York Tribune, Golf Versus Ping-Pong. Conservative people aro getting alarmed about the ping-pong craze. Never mind. Qolf perseveres, and. be ing an outdoor physical exercise, It may rescue tho country from the ulnt-uojuers,— Cincinnati Kmjulrer, DON T JUMP OFF CARS. Nervous Disorders Said to- Result From Practice. Jumping off moving trains and street ears as prat tlced today Is a fruitful source of nervous disorders and one not fully recognized for its importance by any school except os teopaths, Yet the facts are easily comprehended. Certain It is that nervousness in all its protean forms, from irritability, neurasthenia and general nervous collapse to paralysis, la co caused, and that the careless habit of many people of bowling off moving cars stiff legged lays tlie foundation for these disorders every how of the day. In leading the strenuous life of our cities meh and women seem unable to wait to get to their Journey's end. Before trains come to n half stop at crossing! and platforms fidgety pedes trians with muscles tense drop from platforms, and. almost before their bodies have recovered from the for ward momentum, are stalking a mad foot rn e against lime In the opposite direction. This enterprise saves ten seconds, of course, for that particular errand, but possibly It hastens by many months one's Journey to the grave. Positive Injury Is thereby done to the spine and nervous system which must gather In cumulative ef fect until one day the whole nervous organism may go to p/Scos. Then more or less innocent things will bo blamed for the collapse. The doctors may evtfh analyse the victim of these Inmimorahln concussions piecemeal In the laboratories to find that he Is being preyed upon by übiquitous mi crobes, yet the origin of his troubles is u simple spinal disorder, caused by oft-repeated Joltings, some of which proved by chance more vicious than the rest, throwing one or more of his vertebral segments out of perfect alignment. Once that has come about tit" foundation has been laid—as osteopathy shows for nearly nil the ills in the calendar of medicine. It Is not to he understood that such concussions produce dislocations of spinal vertebrae In the sense that they are thrown out of Joint, as occurs In a. ‘'broken neck." That Is no more the ease than that ehlnaware must shatter from every simple Jar before it cracks. The lesser injuries come before the greater, and happen with a thousandfold greater frequency. M re slips of the vertebrae from tholr (rue positions—one upon the other — and the strains brought to bear In consequence upon the ligaments and muscles binding them together, are what first occur from these sudden Innumerable poundings of hard heels against adamant pavements. These seemingly trivial mishaps to the body are productive of the most far-reach ing consequences. At every point In the spine where such a concussion spends Its force a defective spot develops. It becomes a weak point anatomically, and a point of congestion, blockade and impaired work physiologically. Osteopathic Health. Moors Indifferent to Life. Of all Oriental races there are none more callous and indifferent to hu man life than the Moors. A traveler who has recently returned from Mor occo rulateu the following anecdote in proof of the fact. The grand-fath er of the present sultan was one day hosting on the lake In the gardens of the palace, the boat, by the way, being a small steam launch given him by Queen Victoria. By some accident the vessel capsized, and the sultan and two of his wives, by whom ho was accom panied. were thrown Into the water. A soldier on guard In a part of the palace out of view heard the cries, and, running up, sprang into the wa ter and rescued the sultan's favorite wife, the ruler himself scrambling out unaided. Later In the day the soldier was sent for and presented himself Joy lully before the monarch, convinced that his reward would be great. "You are Ihe soldier who rescued the de light of my eyes?" quoth the sultan. The soldier bowed. "Did you dure to look at htr?" "I did, your highness,” replied the soldier taken off hla guard. Thu sultan turned to an of ficer, murmured n few words, and a moment later the soldier was on his way to the headsman. That was his reward. —Family Herald. Counting the Stars. Two dorks in the observatory nt Greenwich arc essaying Iho extraor dinary tank of counting the stars. They arc attempting In all serlous iicHs a feat which has always been used r.atirlcally to typify the hnpos clblo. So far they liavo count'll 212.- r. 07 stars which, If astronomical cal culations be correct, is about one fif teenth of the total number to be found in (tie firmament. The method of the tabulation Is a new evidence of the far-reaching scientific possibilities of photography. The enumerators do not alt out In the starlight, and strive to count the In finitesimal spots of light outlined against the blue background. In stead, they have made a groat photo graphic chart ef the heavens. This chart consists of a number of plates exposed at different times in order to got all the planets and heavenly bodies. After the entire chart was complete the two astronomers began th work of counting with the aid of microscopes. It Is estimated that be fore the tusk ts completed some three years must elapse, for to Insure accu racy the greatest rare must bo exer cised, and any attempt at speed Is out of the question. —Philadelphia North American. Teaching a Parrot. “There are two ways,” cald a bird and animal dealer, “of leaching a par rot to talk. One way Is to put him In a darkened room, to sit In a corner and to repeat over and over again the word you want him to acquire. A clever parrot will learn a word or a phrase after some 400 to 500 repeti tions, but with one that is not so clever the process will take a week or more. You must keep still In the room. No sounds from within or without the house, save yefur voice monotonously repeating the phrase to ho acquired, must reach the parrot's ear. Somo people teach their birds In a well-light ed room, speaking from a place of concealment in a closet or behind a door. This method is not so good, because In the light the parrot's atten tion Is distracted by the things he sees. Only male parrots learn to talk. The females have no power to acquire hu man speech.”—Detroit Free Press. That’s Different. A Missouri man refuses to accept a legacy of $12,000 conditional on chang ing his name. There are plenty of girls In Missouri, no doubt, who will change their names for halt that amount, —Boston Herald. /Ifcalie trusts IRational. BY JAMEO B. DILL, Formoat Organizer of Industrial Organization*. f ASSERT, without fear of successful contradiction, that the trend % *ff > of matters among the corporations themselves Is upward. Thl* Z movement has Its origin. In part, In the desire of the soung cor porations to draw a line of demarcation between itself and the corporation otherwise situated. A national Incorporation law would truly represent and be the formulated public opinion of the nation. It should be optional with corporations, as In the case of the National Hanking act. to organize under State ai ts If they choose. It should prohibit the name ''national" to any corporation but national cor porations, compelling other corporations which assume the title to relinquish it. A national corporation should be protected from State attack to the same ex tent that national banks arc protected. A national corporation should possess In every State all the Immunities and commercial privileges guaranteed, to natural persona by the Constitution of the United States and the constitutions of the several States. National corporations should have freedom from State supervision and should bo subject to taxation by the State only to the amount of property actually In the Slate, and then upon the same basis as an Individual. Tbe national corporation should be subject to national supervision and ex amination, and at least private publicity should be compulsory, which would eventually result In a proper degree of public publicity. An annual report should be mado by the corporation to the Federal author ities and furnished to the taxing officers of the various States, In order that the corporation might be Justly and correctly taxed. A national corporation should pay taxes upon all Ifs property locally where property la situated. Its stock In the hands of stockholders might be exempted from taxation of every nature. ) No Danger of Our Wheat Crops Failing. | BY W. 8. HARWOOD, TTHE fear wblch was quite recently expressed In scientific circles in Great VigUrllaln that the end of our capacity to raise the greatest of all cereals, wheat, was already In sight, had in it much to disturb. The spectre of ultimate starvation for a very large number of the race, however, seems to have been laid for all time by the investigations which have been carried on for the past decade at one of the stations In the great wheat region of the Northwest. This station, a department of the School of Agriculture In con nection with tho University of Minnesota, Ims been at work testing old va rieties of wheat and creating new ones. Wheat, a self fertilizing grain, goes on reproducing Itself through any number of centuries. The grain of pro- Adamic periods would, If planted through all tho centuries, produce precisely the some wheat grown In that far lime. So, to produce anew wheat, man must come to the aid of Nature. To create anew wheat, pollen from one wheat flower Is placed on tho stigma of another wheat flower In the dawn of a summer morning, the fer tilized wheat Is encased In a musk of tissue paper to keep away the birds and Insects, and. In duo season, that which Nature alone could not accom plish has been done—a new wheat has been added to tho plant life of the world. Hundreds also have been found wanting, when tested, lacking In shine one essential, or in many; hut out of the hundreds a few, less than a dozen all told, have been found to lx> superior to those irom which they were bred—better In yielding power, stronger to resist disease, as rich In food qualities. Selection, too, has lieen on Important feature of tho work, the choosing of the choicest types for seed and breeding.—Scribner's Relation of Foods to Intemperance. BY OARAH WILMARTH LYONS. —V BALTH Is u perfect equilibrium of life's forces. To obtain ttilc 1 equilibrium through a knowledge of foods' use in tho human | system Is now one of the leading questions with the student o( Omii<v>ii science. Investigations have provett that human energy Is one phase or manifesta tion of electricity, and that this Is derived mainly from our foods. Tills store up energy In foods, when liberated and united with oxygon, not only yields heat and energy to the body hut force as well. The body is not only nourished hut Is operated upon and given action through tho potential energy of foods. Tho various elements In food must supply those same elements In man as used and exhausted by the dally routine of life, otherwise the equilibrium h disturbed and the parts or tissues that, these elements nourish weaken, and In time become diseased. Such is the result of a one-sided diet All alcoholic drinks make an unstable kind of fatty substance which die places true flesh. The fatty particles intrude themselves Into tho cellular struc tures of the body and In time break down strong nerve and muscle fiber. The tissues of tho body gradually weaken and become congested, enlargement of the organs of action follows, and a diseased condition results, ns every organ ol tho body acts in sympathy with tho others. This results In physical degonera tlon. A pure government can mily result from pure laws and pure men to make those laws. Pure thoughts are nourished by pure and healthy blood, which never needs a more powerful stimulant than that which Is God-given, and thal Is oxygen. ll mMMMUMWM.ftMttW*********.,*}' MMWttmMMtoMronmMftWlMMWll | Astounding Statement About Rockefeller’s Riches. | S WIr.ItWKHWMr.StItMtUWIUt.StItK'.tUMWW a BY CAMILLE FLAM MAR ION, Tho Well-known Writer on Astronomy. TT 1113 Christian era has Just, completed Us first milliard of minutes. Ho- VJe-twcen January If the year 1 and April IS of the year 1802. at 0:10 p. m., Just one thousand million minutes have passed. The statement suggests a realization of the moaning of a thousand mil lion In the abstract, and still more of a thousand million In the concrete form o money. John D. Rockefeller's foitnno, for Instance, Is generally estimated ul about two hundred million dollars, or, say, a thousand million francs. We all recognize that this Is an enormous quantity, but tho trouble with most ol us Is that a single million seems almost as remote from our possibilities as a thousand million, so that the greater sum docs not differentiate Itself suf ficiently from the smaller. Let us see, then, what Mr. Rockefeller’s fortune of a thousand million francs means. It means that If n man had boon working steadily day and night from the birth of Christ to tho present time at the compensation of a franc a minute his total earnings would Just now have reached tho amount of Mr. Rockefeller’s pile. A franc a minute Is very handsome pay It Is *P> an hour, or 300 a day. A man getting S3OO every day, from tho beginning of the year 1 to the present time, and consuming none of his earnings, would only Just now have as much as Mr. Rockefeller has. Or. putting It In another way, Imagine a town containing 300 working people, each earning 17 a week. The total wages earned by tho people of this town, In successive generations nil the way from the time of Christ to the present day, would not exceed the amount which one man Ims managed to put by In the course of a single lifetime. Truly, a thousand million Is u great sum. A Modern Street Sprinkler, The most up-to-date thing In the way of street sprinklers la in use on the streets of Colorado Springs, Col. Here there Is nowsMtv (or sprinkling the streets all tho year round, ami as tho avenues are all iftusually wide the proposition has always been a dif ficult one and a matter of serious ex pense. An electrical sprinkler has been recently put to work and Its per formances seem marvelouh as com pared with the machines which arc more or less familiar to all. The use of the arm on ono side of the ma chine Is dispensed with entirely and the water Is thrown from both sides at one time, and by the use of an elec trical sprayer It Is not only brokdi up Into very fine particles but Is thrown a great distance. The tank capacity Is 2,000 gallons, and the ve hicle Is propelled by two (10 horse power motors. The sprinkling heads are In the centre of the car on each side, and tho water is forced from these by two Individual force pumps operated by a 30 horse power motor and a street'l2o feet wide can bo wat ered from curb to curb. The uniouut of water thrown and tho distance Is under complete control at all times.— Scientific American. Life of a Baseball. "Five balls,” said fhe baseball fan will usually last out a professional game. They wjll never be used after ward except to practice with. The record (or the number of halls re quired (or one game to held In De troit, where a certain match required fourteen to see it through. A SI,OO hall, if Its cover rips or If It loses Ilk shape, will be taken hack and a now one will bo given In exchange for It. The average sphere lasts through one game and two or three days of hard practice. Then It Is pretty well used up, and tho small boy takes posses sion of It. I have a ball that I keep on ray mantel at homo as a curiosity. It went through a game In good condl fon, and all through two summers It was batted out, yet there Is not a thing—not a single thing—the matter with It. All my friends admit that It has lasted longer than any other ball they over hoard of."—Philadelphia Record. London Transit Projects, Apropos of London tube railways, a House of Lords committee commenc ed Its slli'ngs recently to consider no less than U fresh projects, says the London correspondent of the Elec trical Review, and' tho enormous in terest taken nowadays in those pro posals was fully evident by the rush of counsel and others to gain admit tance. Millions of Hindus live, marry, and rear families on an Income which rarely exceeds half a dollar of our money a week. They never oat meat and need hardly any clothing. Some fools are so stuck up that they are not on speaking terms with their own opportunities. For the Household. TO CLEAN MIRRORS. To clean mirrors and window-pane* ml* some powdered whiting to a thin paste, and rub this over the surface. Wipe with a dry cloth, and polish with chamois leather. Clean only a small portion of glass at a time, as whiting Is difficult to remove If allowed to dry. Be careful not to touch the gilt frames of your mirror with the mixture LINEN TEA COVERS. Our delicate embroidered coalea can be kept in their original freshness for a long time when covered with a de tachable linen cover, white or colored, embroidered- In linen thread and edged with a gathered linen frill, says Home Notes. This cover can be easily re moved when required to be washed and replaced by another linen one, and a linen cover will be found Invaluable also for hiding outside defects In an old cosy wblch for associations of the giver, or through being not worn enough, we hesitate to throw away. AN EARLY CUP OF COFFER. A nervous invalid or a person l>or dering on a state of scml-tnvalldlsm should never ho awakened suddenly and with a start. No matter how re freshing the sleep may have been, such an awakening gives a shock to the nervous system, and much of the bene fit gained by the night's rest Is lost. Carry a cup of hot coffee to an In valid’s room, awake her gently and give her the stimulating drink at once. If the doctor objects—ns doctors fre quently and a nervous Invalid's hav ing coffee, then substitute for It a cup of hot cocoa or chocolate. TO IMPROVE SMALL ROOMS, The apparent size of a small aptvrt fnent may Ire considerably Increased by removing the chandelier and Introduc ing side-lights. In a narrow parlor, for example, a six-arm chandelier, set in Its plaster medallion, the arrange ment repented, perhaps In a mirror over the rnantlcplcce, adds very per ceptibly to the furnishing of the room. Take It away, make the celling plain, and you have gained an effect of space that cannot be realized till the experi ment Is tried. Sidelights are tinder stood now to be much more artistic In lighting In any but very large and lofty apartments, ns well ns more con venient. A pair may lie near the piano, another over a corner-seat, or against a bookcase and so on. to give the light where specially needed, HELPS IN EMERGENCIES. None of us perhaps think seriously enough about the beat methods of treatment In case of accidents. If one ever has a scare In their own homes, they are pretty apt to keep fortified afterwards. The following simple remedies will ho found useful In emergencies. One should have a medicine chest, and keep all such la belled: For external poisons (such as poi son oak) or all plant poisons, use a strong solution of borax water to bathe the afflicted parts In, then apply a ponltice made of tansy leaves. Moisten with sweet cream. For poisons from mushroom, lead or from alkalies, use vinegar and oil freely so as'to eject the poison from the stomach. Mustard and salt with a little soda in It Is also excellent. Fill your medicine cheat with such as witch hazel, arnica, balsam, mus tard leaves, camphor, paregoric, bo raclc acid, pulverized Ikh-hx, linseed oil, a bottle of lime water, vaseline, sticking plaster, soft cotton and old linen rags. Linseed oil and lime water mixed together with a feather till It look? like cream Is an excellent remedy for burns and scalds. Arnica Is also good for bruises. RECIPES. Frozen Bananas-- I’ecl lon Imnanas; cut tlifm In slices wltli a silver knife; then rub them through a strainer; pul two cupfuls of water anil two cupfuli of sugar over the Arc; lot boll for five minutes; strain, and when cold add the Juice of one orange ami juice ol one lemon and turn the handle slowly until fror.on: remove the dasher and sjlr on ono cupful of cream whipped; pack down and let stand one hour. fleet and Celery Salad—New beets should he used for this salad when obtainable, but the canned small once do very nicely and are to be preferred to old ones, which may be stringy Heat the beets and dash through a colander: cool on Ice; chop the tender pieces of the celery not used In th pic; put with the mashed beets, and add a dressing made of one-half cup ol good vinegar, one-half tablespoon ol salad oil, one-half teaspoon of salt and one-fourth teaspoon of pepper and mustard each. Select firm, cupllkr leaves of head lettuce and place aomt of the mixture In each. Green Gooseberry Jelly-—Put on< and one-half cups of water to each pint of berries and heat until they an broken; then turn Into a jelly bag and let drain over night. In the mornlnc measure the Juice and boll rapidly for ten minutes; then add a pound ol granulated sugar to every pint of Julcr and boll steadily for ten minutes long er. Skim while boiling and when done pour Into heated glasses, fllling to overflowing; a bit of the thin yel low peel of lemon may lie placed In each glass before the Jelly Is poured in. . Walnut Catsup—Gather the nuti while tender enough to pierce with a large needle, chop them up and pound In a mortar: then put In a porcelain lined kettle, cover with water and cook slowly for two or three hours. Strain and return to kettle and add a tea spoonful each of ground cloves and mace and boll down to one-third tin quantity. Fill bottles with equal parti of the walnut mixture ami strong vinegar and seal at once. Add a clove of garlic with the spices and you have a delicious sauce for meats. Spiced Cherries—Tie an ounce ol stick cinnamon and an ounce of whole cloves In a muslin bag and boll It In a pint and a half of vinegar for fifteen minutes. Add four pounds of granu toted sugar and boll ten minutes long er; skim well. Put in seven pound! of pitted cherries and cook gently foi one and one-half hours. Then skim out and put In heated jars. 801 l the syrup elown until the consistency ol honey and fill up the Jars and seal. England's Climate Getting Warmer. Tho average temperature of Groat Britain has risen nearly one and ono third degrees within the past half een try. January is now nearly three do grees warmer than It was. The sanitation of tho city of Ahmed abad, India, is so bad that tho mor tality is 70 per 1,000 with no epidemic to account tor it FLAVORING MEAT. . The Famous Roaat Beef of Old Eng land It Deteriorating. England would not be England without Its famous roast beef Pat riotic Britons arc still under the de lusion that by paying the price they can obtain the genuine artlfle "as good as ever It was, sir.” 'This Is another of the pleasant fictions which the faithful Journalist Is obliged to shatter. Asa matter of fact, the dis tinctive flavor which won -the admira tion of King James has been SlowlJ lost owing to modern methods of fat tening cattle. Tenderness and Juicy quality un doubtedly have been gained by mod ern breeders owing to their scientific feeding of oxen, but the original "beefy” flavor which took about three years to become perfect. Is gradual ly being replaced by quite unpleasant flavors. For Instance, and the British Far mers' Association Is the authority, consulted by the writer, Devonshire beef has n distinctly “tnrnlppy” taste, due to the roots and turnips upon which the boasts are fed. In spring beef this flavor Is most noticeable, for It Is during the winter months, when pasturage Is scarce that the animals have to be fed on roots. It. for one month only. Just before slaughtering, the cattle were fed on hay, this objection would be removed, but our cattle breeders arc In such a hurry to send the animals to the market that this month cannot be spared when the demand for English beef Is great and pressing. Oilcake Is another artificial food that affects the flavor. The taste of tho nil la moot unpleasantly perceptible When the food Is used to any great extent. But It fattens very rapidly, so farmers use It, Blx weeks only Is necessary to get an ox Into market condition oh oilcake. What, then, is the finest beef for table? The n'n swer will come as a shock. It Is. according to an expert, the American who "succeeds again.” American beef, bred from the finest English stock, has many advantages over the homo-grown rnlmals Tho pasturage In America Is Ideal. Sun shine Is abundant, and sunshine has a great effect In the way of Improving tho flavor of beef. The most exposed portions of the animal, such as that Ciotn which th- sirloin la taken, arc always tho beat. American hc:-f romcf over In chil led. not frozen, chambers. If the “Ico gets Into tho meat" the flesh becomes tasteless, but n. cold chamber, tho temperature of which docs not fall below frccv.'ng point, arrests decom position without spoiling the flavor. — London Mail.* GORILLA AND MANy FIGHT. Ferocious Struggle For Twenty Min utes In tho Marseilles '‘Zoo.” A strange duel was fought lately In lie Marseilles (France) "Zoo” between the only adult gorilla In Europe and bis keeper. The gorilla was killed after a fight lasting twenty minutes, In which the keeper was so horribly mangled that ho died five hours later. Tho famous gorilla was named Francois. He was one of tho largest species and always had been perfect ly tractable, showing especial affec tion for bis keeper, a man named Journoux, until the latter married a few weeks ago. Tho bride visited the Zoo often and the gorilla was very sensitive about the attention she showed him. When ho perceived that she un doubtedly preferred his keeper Fran cois became more and more Jealous, and finally Journoux found It Impossi ble to approach the gorilla, especially If Mine. Journoux was In sight. Two days ago Francois was so suny and quiet that the keeper thought he was sick and entered the cage to comfort his former pot. The gorlla Immediately sprang hpon his bated rival. Journoux held a short tamer’s fork, wh.ch alone ac counts for the fight lasting so long. It being dinner time aH tho other keepers had withdrawn to a distant dianty. Only th-eo chlldien witness ed the terrible fight, and they were so terrified they failed to fetch help un til Journoux bad succeeded In escap ing from the cage. The gorilla followed before tho door could bo shut and the duel was con tinued outside from one end of the building to the other, as is shown by the blood stains. Finally the children ran away yell ing. By the time help arrived the gorilla had been killed. The keeper was found with one eye torn out, rapidly losing blood from many other wounds and laborously trying- to crawl away on all fours. Ono hand had been completely chewed off and (he lower lip and part of the chin had also been bitten off.—New York World. Gum of Yucatan. Tho famous "chicle” chewing gum of Yucatan Is gathered by hands of men called “ehlelcros," who go Into tho deep forest carrying heavy knives of special moke, palls mm ladles for the sap, and each has a strong rope, about eighty feet In length, to be usad in climbing tho tall sapotn trees, from which the gum Is obtained. The sap flows from gashes cut In the bark, and having been caught In the palls. It is boiled down to a gummy consistency. The camp of tho chlcleros resembles In many respects an American maple camp. After several months of work the men return from tho forests, laden with blocks of the gum. The best quality of tho gum Is obtained from tho fruit of tho sapota tree, but this Is seldom exported because It Is too well liked at homo.-rPhlladelphla Record. Men and Women In Sleeping Car*, "It would surprise you to know that a heavy per cent, of the persons who travel on sleeping cars make no ef fort to disrobe before retiring," said a conductor who runs between New Orleans and Chicago. “They simply roll In with boots, spurs and all. They do not seem to know that a berth on a sleeping car is Just the same tm a bod In a private home except In size Some of them will pull „ff their coats and collars. Some of them will sljp their shoes from their feet. There are many, of course, who are used to traveling and who go In tot a go*d night’s sleep. "With women It Is different. You can never catch a woman so Indif ferent to comfort and cleanliness 1> this respect. She will pmi her shoes aft every time."—New Orleans Tlmes- Democrat, Boer war program' quite concluded. 1 I Honesty may be the best , the fellow who hesitates will never get any. "‘‘•l ki* The Emperor of flerm-m. . I rected that automobiles Zh f* Ited as to speed and ex, '! % certain busy streets. And i'r 1 A Russian opera singer , teeth In a railway accident ■ Trans caucasian line . 08 awarded 60.000 damages „*> rate of 910,000 for each ’Jit. % ! claimed that the loss of the pi * : vented her from singing ami I** ' her of a large revenue. i, ‘P r lve4 Japan Is entertaining the m adopting the English nlp| 18 |l * Anally substituting the pL, *'" l * gunge for her own. Slneeshe ’ from the shadow, Japan has most Incomprehensible strld front, but If she carries 1' .^ It will show that she | s worths ‘r ** ! Ing icosttlon In the verv forefront ! of nations, exclaims the 8° S g There are more Slavonic male, „ dor twenty-one years of age J York city than any other fnre| rn J* Pie. They outnumber the Latin, twenty-one by ,1.000. the o!rm a !”t le.flflfl. the British by 20,fifth ano .P Scandinavians over twelvefold -T Slavonic men In New York twenty onU* exceed In number gZ other nationality of corresponding except the Hermans nml Irish. Queen Wllhelmlna of the Nether lands la said to have adopted the ~j Icy of the late Queen V/etorla of p n , Innd. namely, to Insist the contents of every document m ,p mltted to her for approval before „(. fixing her signature to It. |f B |,e doe, not understand It, she tatmmon, „n expert to explain Its contents Py pursuing tills course the young Q,,,.. 0 will undoubtedly avoid many pitfall, nod earn for herself the reputation ol being a wise ruler. liltehfleld. Conn., has more historic trees than any other town In New i; ng . land. Among others are two elm, planted by John C. Calhoun; a st,. more said to bn one of the thirteen planted by Oliver Wolcott, signer of the Declaration of Independence, and named after the thirteen original col nnlos; an elm which served ns a whip ping post In colonial clays, and a wil low tree which grew from a walking stick stuck In the ground by Colonel Talmnclge, the American officer who captured Major Andre, the Ilrlllsh spy. Mussollno, the Italian Robin Hood, has lieen sentenced to life Imprison ment. He received the Judgment c alm ly, but pleaded eloquently In behalf of his comrades In brigandage, who wore afterward disc harged. The story of his picturesque career reads like; a romance. In 1S!t8 he got into a quar rel with Vincenzo Zoccoll, one of his political opponents, and was danger ously wounded. While Mussolini, was 111 of his wounds, Zaccoll was shot from ambush. Mussollno was accused of tho crime, and was convicted and sentenced to twenty-two years’ Impris onment. He escaped from his guard! nnd spent two years Ik-fore his recap tore In killing twelve of the fifteen men who had witnessed against him. Tho Interesting nows has come from Porls that. It Is no longer dn rlguer for a mnn to shako the bond of a lady. When tho greeting Is to he more cor dial—or more courteous than mere words the man must kiss the lady's hand, nnd tho spot kissed will Indicate the degree of friendship between them. For example, If his acquaintance with her goes Just beyond tho bowing stage he will daintily take her hand on his fingers and gently kiss the finger nails of tho twq_ first fingers. That Is the most frigid form of salutation after the bow. As the acquaintance Increases In warmth tho kiss will gradually steal up past the knuckles, the hack of the hand' and the palm to the- wrist, and when the man can grasp firmly the whole hand of a fair lady and plant on the slender wrist a cordial kiss ho Is to be counted among the terque be-all. At least this Is the code of "Le Balse main" as found In Paris journals, "I* Bhakehand" Is terribly obsolete. The warning which the health de partment has leaned on the subject of gas leakage la In pursuance of a policy that la strongly supported by the medi cal profession, states the Chicago Rec ord-Herald. An article that was pub- Helled In The Journal of the American Medical Association goes Into the qtiM tlon thoroughly and supplements the department’s report with Interesting data. It says that tho leakage In large eltlos amounts to many million fw per day, and that it Is dangerous in quality as well a* '!""■ ttty. owing to tho cheaper methods o manufacture now employed. To* original coal gas , contained about |s-r cent, of Uio very Hniuterous In gredient, carbon roonoxld. At * present time water gas forms almw exclusively the basis for Illuminating gas, and In this product over 3d 1* cent, of the gaseous materials conw* of the odorless, treacherous car monoxld." The escaping gas mar a the cause of fires and explosions, 1 It Is most dangerous when Its Is most subtle. According to a writer In the Ne* York Post,, Switzerland comes 8™ Franco second, and after them to nermany, Prussia, Austria and land, In the progress made in . methods of trade school trP ' Prussia has 248 trade schools, K 8 Instruction In painting, "S’ tailoring, baking, butchering, sra 1 toy and hat making, etc. in there aho textile and Joiners sc and fifteen other trade schools, for a particular trade. Ij ° n< 0 h . established a splendid system 0 nlcal education. There are' ■ & great polytechnics, costing *• • year, each giving Instruction )fl prentices and workmen, not n , the scientific, artistic and race pi.-nciples that underlie all tr ’. In specific Industries, such . laying and brick-cutting, Ing, tanning, baking. P ,0 ® % graphy, optical work. etc. Au plenty of these schools, and while Germany has an e*ntw tom. charging about sixty-two month for tuition. And on of the water thirty-nine cities of achueetts, os well os 180 other c of the Union, have Introduced training in their public school*.