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THE SEA COAST ECHO.
OHAS- 0- MOBKAU, E liter and Proprietor. PREVENTING TUBERCULOSIS. The vaccination of cattle against tu berculosis Is based upon the principle that governs the vaccination of ani mals against anthrax. The process Is not "vaccination" In the sense that It is carried out by the use of the vac cine material that la used to vaccinate people against small-pox. It consists, instead, In an inoculation with the vi rus of the disease against which it is desired to protect, hut this virus Is so weakened that It Is Incapable of pro ducing actual disease, Thus, In vac cinating cattle against tuberculosis, the vaccine material consists of cultures of tubercle bacilli that are so attenuated as to bo Incapable of producing tuber culosis. This material la administer ed by Injecting it Into the vein, and the effect of such Injection Is to cause a passing fever that does not seriously disturb the animal. After several In jections of this sort, given at Intervals of several days or weeks, the animal Is able to resist Inoculation with large quantities of virulent tubercular ma terial, which Is capable of causing fatal disease In animals not so protect ed. As to the effectiveness of this pro tection there Is no longer a doubt. As yet no one knows how long the Immunity that is conferred will con tinue; that Is, how long after vaccina tion the animal will remain resistant to tuberculosis. An objection to vac cination as It has been practiced ex perimentally lies In the difficulty of Its application and the long time that is required. Some extended experi ments are now in progress In the vet erinary department of the University of Pennsylvania, for the purpose of determining, first, the length of time the Immunity conferred by vaccination will endure, and secondly, the simplest and most effective method of vaccina tion. There Is reason to believe that the method that has been used experi mentally heretofore can bo materially simplified and shortened. If so, and If the Immunity Is of sufficient dura tion, the practical utility of this pro tection against tuberculosis of cattle will have been proven. It is hoped that the Slate will authorize experiments on a scale large enough to make It possible to definitely settle these very Important qnestlons.~Dr. 1,. Pearson, the State Veterinarian of Pennsyl vania. CORN ENSILAGE. Clover Is much bettor than timothy hay. but corn, when Just out of the roasting ear, and commencing to glnize and dent, while the blaze ami stalks are green, if run through an ensilage cutter and put In an air-tight silo, will keep Its natural succulence and Is the best winter feed; the nearest approach to green grass In the summer. I use common field corn, lilg or little, as I have it. I have four silos, one holds three hundred tons, the other three one hundred tons each. 1 raise row peas to mix with corn In the silo, alter, natlng a load of corn with a load of cow peas, anil in that way 1 think I get’ a better feed than corn alone would make, and am well pleased with this way of preserving feed for stock, not only cows but young stock and horses. I have found no better way of getting valuable feed; It makes a very busy time when we are putting It up, but when that Is done, wo have good feed whenever needed. It took fifteen men and a twelve horse power engine nearly six days to fill my three-hundred lon silo with cow peas and corn. Six of these men wore detained until nine o’clock In the morning and quit work at four o’clock in the afternoon to do the milking, but the other nine commenced work at seven In the morning, had an hour at noon and quit work at six In the even ing. They used six wagons and teams. I paid the extra hands $1 a day without board; I paid for the en gine and engineer sfi a day, so it cost me about $l2O to fill a threo-hundred ton silo. J winter each cow on four tons. 1 found It took from seven to ten minutes to run a load through that we estimated weighed more than a ton. —John Patterson, in The Cultivator. THE AGE OF CATTLE. An Interested subscriber, M. J. S., wants to know If the age of a cow or a calf can bn determined by the ap pearance of the teeth. Owing to the character of the teeth of the ox the exact age cannot be carried to the same degree of perfection ns with the horse. The teeth of the ox are 32 in number, 24 molars and eight incisors. The ox has no Incisors In the upper jaw. Period of dentition In the ox; The central Incisor and first laterals before or some days after birth; second later als, 14 days after birth; comers, two to three weeks. The first, second and third molars appear before or somo days after birth. Fourth molars at six to nine months of age; fifth at two and a half years; sixth, four or five years. The central Incisors are replaced at about one and a half years; first later als, two and a half years; second later als. three and a half years; comers, four and a half years the second get of first molars appear at one and a half years; second molars, two and a half yera; third, three and a half years; the fourth, fifth and sixth molars are not replaced. From the above the age of the row or calf can he determin ed, but as the cow grows older it Is im possible to determine the exact age.— Orange Judd Farmer. SOIL FOU POTATOES. What soils are suitable for potato growing and other crops? are questions constantly coming up. Every plant has Its system of root growth—shallow like timothy, deep like potatoes, abun dant like clover, scanty like rape—has Its law of growth, and “natural" soli. The origin of the plant (i. e.) native habit should he known, and from that can be ascertained the proper climatic conditions. The patato Is a native of America and grows In the loose, hu mus filled soil of the mountain sides In the higher altitudes. Any well drained. deep, loose and coot'soli, con taining humus, will grow potatoes, even If only moderately fertile. Heavy soils are benefited by being covered with straw after haying and ploughing under the whole thing In November. The freezing and thawing will break up the particles of soil and cross ploughing In spring will mix the par tially decomposed soil and straw. The soil Is of much more value In potato growing on top of the growing crop than under It. Tho deep planted seed has a better "foothold,” and the sun does not heat the new tubers which would affect, their quality and aome- Hmei would make favorable conditions for tho r*ii—Nw York Trunin# Farm- P THE POULTRY HOUSE. If poultry men would keep the poul try house clean and never for a single day neglect the work, wa venture to say that much of the sickness and many of the failures would never occur. It requires only a few minutes time each morning to rake off the dropping hoards, and an equally short time to sprinkle lime over them once a week, and still less time to pour kerosene on the roosts once a month. When this much Is done wo are on the highway of success, with the possibility of fail ure made remote. With a clean house for roosting and laying, mites can nev er become a ptst, and while an occa sional case of sickness will be found, the flock as a whole will keep healthy, and healthy hens will lay if they aro fed right. Keep the floor of the poultry bouse high and dry. If coal ashes can he had, put them in the house and let the hens scratch over them. Uo not use wood ashes as the lye will injure the fowls. During the cold weather see that the hens get fresh water. Warm It slight ly and do not let the hens cat snow, or force them to go to a creek for water. —Home and Farm. PIG RAISING. When I started in the pig business I thought I knew nil about It. My father used to keep a good many hogs, and I thought that when I had fifty pigs about of an age I would show my father a thing or two about raising hogs. He said to me one day when he looked ns my pigs; ‘ Young man, what are you going to do with those pigs?" 1 replied, "I am going to have them at six months weigh mure thpn yours.” “Very well," he said, "six months will toll.” I commenced to feed those sows all the corn they would oat and who/ from the cheese fac tory. ■ The pigs began to respond very well and grew rapidly. 1 kept the piga shut tip In a place three or four times na largo as this room. In six vfeeks from tynl time, of the fifty pigs, I had nine left, end It waa all on account of the manner in which I had fed.those sows. 1 had spoilt ! rny pigs with kindness. If I had fed middlings and milk or middlings anil whey with a little corn, and given them pasture, I might have shown ray father how to raise piga, hut ns It waa, he showed me.—H. P. West, In American Culti vator. VARIETY OF CROPS. It is not us a rule wise for the aver age farmer to depend upon only one or two main crops for Income, the greater success comes from a variety of products. Unfavorable w (father may ruin the prospects for the farmer who depends on corn or wheat alone, hat it Is very seldom I hat some kind of crop does not succeed even In the most unfavorable year. Hence by having several sources of income from the farm you will be quite certain of some good results. Dive stock, poul try, etc., should also be kept to some extent upon the farm, their droppings If properly taken care of and applied to the land will go a long way to keep up the fertility of the farm. As to what kind or variety of stock, etc,, to keep upon the farm, that will depend upon the locality and other pecu liarities of the farm, as well as the likes and dislikes of the owner. A person always succeeds best along tho chosen line of specialties that has the most attraction to him. —Lewis Olsen, in Tho Epttmost. A REDDING BOX. A dirt band bedding box Is a thin veneer cut eighteen Inches long and three Inches wide, nicked to fold Into an open box four Inches square, not nailed and without bottom. The boxes are folded around and placed In tho hotbed, pressed close together and af ter the lied Is full they are filled with dirt. After being placed in tho bed and before filling they look like the pockets In an egg case, only smaller. Expert girls and hoys can fold and place In a bod fifteen per minute, VARIETIES. New' varieties are often sold because they are "novelties,” rather than be cause they are better than the old, tried and standard kinds. It Is bet ter to use varieties of trees and veget ables that are known to he the best for the section where they have bean test ed, In preference lu using others, until experience gives an opportunity to know more of tho newer varieties. Novelties should he tested In a limited way. A CRAFTY SEAL. Stole From Fishermen, but Was Caught Napping. Andy Fitzgerald, a fisherman of Del Mar, Cal., had a unique experi ence and made some easy money while fishing off the hanks about five miles from this place one day this week. He had anchored at Ihe hanks and was fishing for sanddahs with a hand line when he noticed a largo seal hoveling about the spot where his line lay. l!y and by he pulled up with n sanddal) on his book and began to haul In tW lino, hut before ho could land tho fish the seal had grabbed It and oaten It. Two or three times tho seal thus forestalled him, and then Fitzgerald put out a line on Ihe other side of the boat, leaving the other line out for the entertainment of the seal. Whll? the animal was watching that lino Fitzgerald took In about u dozen fish with the other, and was congratulating himself upon outfit ting the animal, when ho heard t. noise behind him. and. turning, behold the seal In the boat In the art of de vouring tho fish he had so recently caught. When tho seal had finished his meal ho crawled up the little deck over an apartment in the prow of the boat, and, stretching himself at full length In the sun. proceeded to taku a nap. When he had become oblivious of hts surroundings Fitzgerald crept forward with a rope In which he had prepared a slipping noose, and, slid ing It over the seal till it was back of the (Uppers, ho drew It taut, and then with a sudden lurch pulled the surprised prisoner to (he open hatch and rolled him iff and shut down the hatch. Upon his return to this port he dis posed of his prisoner to a Georgia visitor for $25, to he taken to that southern State and theie placed In a little lake on the purchaser's estate. —Cincinnati Enquirer. Progres* of Women In Japan. Women are making rapid progress In Japan, and are employed in places formerly occupied only by men. Ho cently many girls wore given positions aa waitresses In railway dining cars, Without the United States the corn erp of the world would hi * lmi#iti Honorable Josepli Hedges Choate, American Ambassador to Great Britain, One 0 r Iho famous boys of Salem,Mass., and n graduate of Harvard. He joined the bar In Massachusetts in 1853 and settled in Now York In 1830. He was one of (be committee of seventy that drove Tweed out of office Into Jail, and bo later served bis adopted State as President of the Constitutional Con vention of 1801. He Is one of the foremost lawyers of bis time,, and ranks high among our celebrated public speakers. He has ably upjjsjJj the great tradition of (lie post be now occupies. National Magazine. • \ FANTASTIC I \ FOOTGEAR. I J Worn by the Sultan, Dntios L J end Otdiirs of Liu Mora r ™" T| "7 111 ' ' , " l ° ® ul,,| n, da I to, rajah I and slave may be devoid of Ingenuity, care, shame, gen 's tleinauly Instincts,thrift, sense of honor and I lie like, write* a Philip pine correspondent of the Shoe Trade Journal, but ho Is certainly well up In what he ought to put on Ido foot. He may not cure much about Ids shoul ders, ns these often go bare. Ills bead Is often exposed and Ids legs frequent ly free from Inenmbrnnees. Hut bis feet are quite often as well protected on the bottoms as Hie feet of the Amer ican. I saw n number of instances In which the Moro protected the soles of his feet with a shingle-like piece of wood fixed to the base of the foot ns shown In Figure 1. A com in on strap or piece of hide Is used lo pass over the ankle, 01 Hi FOOTWEAR OF TUB MOROB. nud Unis sustain the piece at the bot tom of the font securely. There Is n like piece, wider, over the lower part of the foot. With this affair fixed to the sole of the foot the native Is able to go almost anywhere without damag ing the feet very much. Another type of shop Is shown in Fig ure 2, consisting of a solid piece of wood cut down to right proportions and gradually hollowed out by a pro cess of gouging with inferior tools. The Morn devotes considerable taste to the making of protecting devices for the shins. There are always some of the tribes at war with one another, and the warriors of the different tribes wear armors of leather, caribou born, brass and oilier metal; helmets for the head of wood and metal, and, In addl- Hon, metal and wood protection for the ankles such as shown In Figures 3 and 4. The first Is a wood interior made tip with a shell trimming. The shells are sometimes cemented on, and some times riveted with little metal pins. In Figure 4 the contrivance Is more like a legging than anything else. It Is made of several sorts of native mate rial. The best kinds are those made from skins. The lacing Is some of the gut properly dried and twisted so ns to make very tough and lasting lacing. In Figure 5 is a sketch of one of the Moro shopmen's knives used In various lines of shoe and leather operations. It Is a very stout-bladcd affair, often with the butt of the blade quite stocky and strong. The edge of the blade Is kept sharp and clear, and the point in proper order for quick service. These knives are considered relics by visitors to the Island, and tourists purchase them and send them home. In Figure <1 Is n drawing of one of the foot rigs of n Sultan. There Is a sole piece, consisting of a piece of close grained redwood. This Is worked hy lined loots until It Is pi on the proper form to make a comfortable adjust ment to the foot. Then an artistic style of ribbon or strap with buckle Is passed up and over as shown. Some times this strap over the foot contains artist e designs. Often the patterns are worked out with little pieces of col ored glass or lilts of metal. The feat ure, however. Is the brilliancy of the gent used In the ring placed over one of the protruding toes. The Moro artists have already taken American-made shoes In hand, and they have endeavored to Moroiso them by applying the necessary coating of colors, Figaro 7 Is a sketch of one of the slices (bus painted by the bands of the Moro shoe artist. It will give one an Idea of the direction In which the av erage Moro mind runs when It comes to patterns for the surfaces of foot wea r. Every dallo owns slaves. In fact, every one seemed to me to belong to some dallo. The chief authority the dntto seemed to the to possess over his tribe of men. women, boys amt girls was that of kicking them genily as oc casion arose. Any transgression of the house rule tneniit a kick. Thu* some of the dtiiios ami ilislf assistants tava liot-ua Aiml to Ui toa toys, as In rixum ft Sch Anemone AVliln <’rb. The son anemone Is Iho lust nnimiil on sen or land that one would pick ns n fighter; but a certain blue crab In the New York Aquarium knows that be Is. A battle between Iho lighting anemone | and u thieving crab was described by L. H. Spencer, who has charge of the Aquarium laboratory. “I was feeding Ilia anemone, a fair sized brown specimen,” said Mr. Spencer, “with bits of chopped clam from a long stick. The crab, not con tented with his own share, darted at the anemone and attempted to steal the choice morsel from Its mouth. “Then a funny thing happened. Ful ly thirty small threadlike coils shot out from near the anemone's mouth, starlking the crab on all sides. These threads are said to have stinging pow ers equal to a ’nettle. “Instantly the crab doubled up In ap parent pain and started round that glass tank like all possessed. After numerous turns ho approached again, and this time the anemone stung him hard, for after a turn or two ho turned over on his back and wagged bis lllppers feebly. “It was some time before ho recov ered. I tell you that crab has not been within hailing distance of the brown anemone since.”—New York Mull and Express. Antnlnobllft Vlr® Service, Experiments are now being carried on In Berlin with an electrical motor tiro service vehicle to carry firemen to the scene of (he outbreak, says the Electrical Kevlcw. The vehicle car ries a reel of hose, ladders, ole., and weighs when loaded about ”200 pounds. It Is driven by a four horse power electric motor, coupled to the rear axle with double reduction gear. A battery of accumulators weighing about 1200 pounds furnishes power. A speed of nine and otic-half miles per hour can lie attained, the motor tak ing forty-five amperes at clghty-tlve volts. A second automobile Is also be ing tried In Berlin, which Is capable of attaining a speed of twelve and one half miles per hour. It Is driven hy two motors, each rated at nine horse power. The battery weighs 8300 pounds, ami has a capacity of fourteen kilowatt hours. The vehicle, with the motors, weighs four tons; complete, with battery, firemen, and apparatus, seven tons. After a lengthy trial the coefficient of traction was found to lie seventy pounds per ton. The cost of running the ear twelve and one half miles Is estimated at 50 cents. Sioux Modiclno. Those who go to the Museum of the University of Pennsylvania will not! tlmi on exhibition a single hoop, fair sticks and a bag of tobacco. These simple objects meaning little to us, yet & ~ ‘ — ~ stoux conjcbino sticks and hoop. mean a great deal lo the Sioux Indian They are the conjuror's hoop, and it will bn observed that each quarter h painted a different color and so Is each slick. When n Sioux falls sick the con juror Is sent for, the hoops and stick are so arranged upon the tepee Horn as to orientate with the points of tin compass. A simple song, "ho and e ho-e; she and ee,” arc repeated ovei and over again, finally the hoop am slicks are removed and taken to soim far-off lonely eminence. The fnrtbei and lonelier the greater the efficiency few hills In tlic Sioux country aic without remains of the conjurer's hoop Hutue men mu hire other* to dt (heir Ultklug for them, ANEW METHOD OF TRANS PLANTING URGE TREES. JOHN A. WILKINS, of Indianap olis, lud., is tho Inventor of n system for taking up and trans planting large trees that Is being extensively used. In utilising It the trees are transferred from lied to bed In midsummer in preference to tlie spring or fall, the usual seasons pre ferred. Mr. Wilkins believes tbc tree Is In Its most flourishing condition dur ing the summer, and this Is the best time for transplanting, ns there Is less danger of cheeking Its growth or In juring It In other ways. tty the Wilkins Invention the free which Is being transplanted Is never handled In any other way than from Its base. In short, to explain the method In a nutshell, it may be staled that tne earth anil roots are Incased In a steel basket of any required size, which eorresponds to the flower pot of the florist. Tho first operation In trans planting a tree by this method Is to thoroughly wet the earth about the tree, softening the ground. Next In ar il "r Is the placing In position of the steel basket, Which Is made of curved steel shovels. A medium-sized ma chine. Inclosing earth and roots, six feet In diameter, Is composed of four teen shovels made of flve-slxteenlhs- Inch plow steel, each of tho shovels being hinged to a steel platform sur rounding the tree. After tho shovels have all been driven Into place they A NEW METHOD OF TRANSPLANT!NO LAItOE TWEES. (Driving In tho Blades.) art firmly secured *o the platform by crossbars, by -.vutch the whole trie can be lifted from its bed. The lifting apparatus Is then adjusted about the tree,and two men lift the tree out of the ground by screw power, rais ing It to Its position In the transporter. The operatives have complete control of Hie machine at all times, and the tree may he raised, lowered nr held at will. After the tree has been removed from Its old abiding place It Is laid bark on the cushion of the skeleton wagon, which Is to convey it to Its new location, and is thus transported through the streets of the city, being at such an angle (hat the branches pass under telephone and telegraph wires and other overhead obstructions. Upon arrival at Its destination the tree Is slowly lowered Into the hole which has been prepared for It, and after the transporter has been removed Ibe earth Is filled In and tamped about ffie basket. When all Is secure the shovels are withdrawn, leaving the tree fully embedded without the loss of any of Its original surrounding earth containing lls fibrous or hair roots. Among (he advances In practice to ho noted In (Ids latest tree transplanter is the operation of the lifting and convey ing device according to the points of the compass, rendering It possible to plant the tree In exactly the same posi tion In which It stood originally.— Scientific American. A riionoKrH|iliio Wnlrli. A clock with phonograph nI In died to It, which delivers Its message on ex actly the sutne principle as the alarm of an alarm-clock, is the latest piece of mechanical Ingenuity In Geneva. Into the receiver of the phonograph all that Is necessary Is to speak the mes sage of which one desires to lie re minded the next day at a certain time, and at that hour the phonograph speaks the words. Thus. If one has an appointment at 5 o’clock to-mor row one merely says, "1 have to keep an appointment at 5 o'clock,” and by setting the message to “go off” at 4 tin Intelligent machine makes the an nouncement and enables Us possessoi to he on time.—-Loudon Chronicle. In Siberia n winter rainbow some times lasts almost all the day. It b caused by flue particles of suow sits pended In the air. C* . :v\ (jui(e wijkiiv pip . fekr I’nv <rowii\< cofer-Hii\d! .Tor jke J Of ]afe Ivvs looked ■— | I 111. .1 -Tnm vt wiii TANK FOR TRANSPORTING FISH Keeps Them AHve by Aid of C im pressed Oxygen. Anew apparatus for carrying live fish has been devised and patented In Switzerland, In which u tnuk of oxy- Email ii 4s n I.IVE-PIBU TRANSPORTATION TANK, gen is provided to keep the fish alive. Tills Is described ns follows by Henry H. Morgan, United Stales Consul nt Lucerne; "The cylinder attached Is charged with compressed oxygen, and automat- Icnlly allows the required amount of gin to descend, by means of a tube, under a very lino wire gauze, which is a little above the bottom of the barrel or cask. The pressure of the oxygen keeps the water from entering the space between the screen and,the bot tom of the barrel, and allows only n small portion of the oxygen to pene trate' at a time. The gradual escape Into (hjs space Is greater (bait the out let through the wire gauze, with Iho re sult that when the space becomes greatly charged with oxygen gas, and the force of the water above is no long er able to hold If, It rushes Jnto the tank or barrel With such force that the fish are turned over and over. The most delicate fish can be parked In these tanks In groat quantities and will keep alive for thirty-six hours with the present device. The Quick t.iimrh In London, Proposals have recently appeared It. the dally press In favor of the Inaugn ration of a system of quick lunches by which the busy man may have a sub stantial midday meal served expod' tlously, the partaking of which sbal occupy but a few minutes. Wo do nt hesitate to ask flint all, our reader will Impress upon their patients Ilia the adoption of litis proposal would l a wicked physiological step. The re pair of the body Is not a process to b< trifled with in this way; eating shonh not he done In a hurry. The demand) of business may la- pressing, tun tin demands of the body arc In reality more serious. .Inst as by stoking t steam engine to cramming point tlit fuel burns badly and the Intensity cl tin* fire Is lowered, so by bolting bit food the vital processes within a ninn't body are hindered rather than helped Necessarily, food ealeu rapidly escapes In a great measure the preparatory processes of digestion and sooner 01 luter a breakdown in the maltreated human machine supervenes. In a word, hurrying over eating Is fatal to Iho honllhy sustenance of the body.— The Lancet. Our Spnculntluns, It’s luck when yon lose; Judgment when you win.—Now York Press. At St. Augustine, Fla., Is the only mill In the world that gets Us power direct from an artesian well. TALKS WwJf* A WINDOW DOX. An’ effective window box seen re cently Was covered with oil cloth in blue and white tile pattern. Blue and white morning glory seeds were sown In this box, producing a bountiful supply of blossoms. Indoor grown morning glories are more delicate than the garden grown ones and tjiey make an unusually pretty window bo* filling. SCALLOP SALAD. Cook the scallops in salted water, very slowly, for an hour. Drain and rinse In cold water and again cook slowly for twenty minutes and then plunge In cold, acidulated water. Drain and chill. Mix with equal quantity of celery cut Into pieces about half an Inch long. Mix together with mayonnaise dressing and garnish with lettuce, white celery tips and cut lem on. POTTED BEEP. Take from ten to twelve pounds of knuckle of beef, cut It up, cover with water, allow It to boll about seven hours or until the grictle has become Jelly. Then cut the meat very small picking out any bits of skin. Season with pepper and salt and sweet mar- Jorum (or other herb) to taste. Strain the beef liquor, put It back on the fire —there should be about two quarts to It. Let all boil together for four or five minutes, stirring constantly and gently to keep from burning. Pour Into moulds and when rool set on Ice to harden. This will keep a month-ln cold weather and does not lose Us flavor If the mould Is unbroken. OYSTER BOUILLON, Oyster bouillon, Instead of the clam or beef variety, Is frequently served at luncheon. Por a half dozen per sons two dozen large oysters are chop ped fine and heated slowly In a double holler, that all the Juice may be drawn out. They are then pressed through a fine sieve, and the liquor put on the fire again with the white of an egg beaten in, the whole boiled for one minute before the saucepan Is drawn to one side of the range and allowed to stand for five minutes. Strain through folded cheese-cloth, season, Including a dish of nutmeg, and add an equal quantity of hot milk before serving. YORKSHIRE PUDDINO. The old-fashioned Yorkshire pudding Is not served half often enough with roast of beef. The old English way was to pour the batter Into the pans under the grate which held the beef, the drippings enriching the pudding as they fell. This resulted In a rathe heavy, soggy pudding. An Improved method employs gem pans to bake the pudding In. Sift together two cups of flour and a half a teaspoontul of salt. Add slowly two cupfuls of milk and stir until you have a smooth hatter. Pour In four eggs beaten very lightly. Fill In each gem pan half full of the batter, and put In oven to bake. They should bo ns light ns muffins. Biote them once or twice with drippings. Place around beef or serve from the side. They should be prepared about 15 minutes before the roast Is ready to take out of the oven. PICKLED ONIONS, Tho following la a popular recipe: Select the smallest white onions you can find. Cover with boiling water and when their aklna can be easily removed, make enough strong brine to cover the onions. Let them stand In this twenty-four hours, then pour off and cover with fresh brine and let stand same length of time, then renew the brine again and lot stand for twen ty-f k our hours. On tho fourth morn ing drain off the brine, put the onions in fresh water, and a little milk, to help keep them white, and heat until they are scalding hot, stirring them from bottom to top frequently. Drain and place In Jars, distributing sliced small red peppers among them, pour the vinegar boiling hot over them and seal same as canned fruit. If you wish to use tho spices, procure the "mixed spices” from your grocer and try the white vinegar. JELLIED CHICKEN. Doll a chicken as for soup, putting within an onion, a few stalks of cel ery, a bayleaf and several sprigs of parsley. Cook a well-crushed knuckle of veal In the same way. Let the soup cool on the bones. When It Is cold enough to take the fat from the top, do this, and put back over the fire as much of the soup as you will need for your jelly, with one table spoonful of gelatine, which has been soaked In a little cold water, to every quart of the stock. When It comes to a boll, throw In the white and the crushed shell of an egg, skim off the scum that rises to the surface, and strain the soup. Season It to taste It the seasoning with which It has been cooked leaves It insipid. Wet small moulds, and pour a little of the Jelly Into them. When the jtlly begins to form, put Into It some of the chicken cut into dice, a slice or two of hard hollod egg in each mold, and a little minced olive. Fill the mold with Jelly, and set the forms aside to become cold and hard.—Woman’s Home Com panion. HINTS FOR THE HOUSEWIFE. Meats or soups should never bo cov ered closely while they are hot. Foreign cooks, who use garlic and onions for flavoring'to such advantage, par boll them before using them for such purposes. Tho dish of hash left from tho break fast may he converted Into a savory dinner soup by cooking It slowly for two or three hours and seasoning it wkh parsley, onion, tomato and celery. Any moat intended for soup should bo put over the Are in cold water, since tho object Is to extract the Juice. Tho fat removed from the soup ket tle makes the best kind of drippings for kitchen use. Fresh lemon juice la a capital sub stitute for vanilla flavoring In fudge. Somehow the lemon blends delightful ly with the chocolate, besides making the fudge creamy. Some fudge makers combine vanilla flavoring and lemon juice with success. Ginger coated with chocolate and figs stuffed with citron or ginger are pretty novelties for the afternoon tea. Whalebone may be easily cut If it is first Immersed In hot water for a few minutes. A few tablespoonfuls of kerosene oil In a pall of warm water will facili tate the polishing of mirrors and win dows. A sonar# of asbestos to rub tho iron on it kapt on tbs ironing board win mv tba trsutni One peculiarity of the trine i. that no definition” he accepted as genuine unlei **ll proved by the United States ap- H Some of the curious Idea, 9 gated by college professors possibility that they ought to act■ from their books adVy once In a while. 1 **U ■ Sclent 1 eta assert that early IS to be able to wag his cars a 3 Sf ■ cation of pleasure, or t„ t,ru 3 h B files from under his back hal , V"* ¥ the muscles were no, brought “|l continual use they became ft The death rate for the city „f (i York during 1902, which was u'u fi 1.000, is considerably , hc |„ w * 3l fi reported. The total number 0 f i „ H was 08,082, as compared with fl and a death rate of 20,02 p Pr , 00( i K 1901. which is a decrease'" J° f ' | of 1.28 per 1.000, and indicates a BaT ?‘* I in 1902 of 4 OX9 lives. The death rate I fit each of the five boroughs of the and H is also the lowest on record. 1 M A circular issued by the eo mUht H office of the library of congress shows I that the receipts of that bureau | n Ih ’ H year 1902 amounted to $07,1, ',150 n ur || Ing the year 7,306 freshly > >s> ,-rlghted H books and pamphlets, 7.027 (lookleta H circulars, leaflets," 6,508 ,op| M 0 , B newspapers and magazine rontrilm II tlons, and 20,308 copies of p-rioll.ala B were deposited In the library. The Philadelphia Record remarks I that the development of the art of ad !1 vcrtlslng and especially the power to 1 reach virtually the entire body of the I people through the newspapers li I largely responsible for the multiplies I: tlon of millionaires In this country, II Without the aid of the newspapers ol II vast circulation It would he imp#* ll slble to build up sueh great business enterprises as are now common. 5 About six million dollars (ante from Nome, Alaska, last year. This was the produce of the gold fields of that re glon. It required considerable of this to pay for the nineteen thousand tons of general merchandise and nearly twe million feet of lumber Imported front the United States for the use of the miners. With Nome as a subport ol entry this season, It Is expected Ata* ka’s imports will bn largely Increased. The authorities of the University ol Chicago have announced that a large sum of money has been given to the university by Mr. Rockefeller for the establishment of a hospital fur origin, nl reaearch into the nature and cause of disease. The amount named In the newspaper reports Is $7,009,900; this Is neither denied nor affirmed by the uni verslty authorities. According to the Ixtndon Telegraph tho Governor of Pern, who is very fond of the opera and ballet, conceived the Idea of having a private one In his own house. So he built a theatre, and started all his harem and slaves rehearsing Trnvlata. The troupe, how ever, found that many parts were too difficult for them so they left them out. The Governor noticed tho omission at once, stopped the opera, as being too ambitious, and ordered his people to learn a ballet. But one night the po lice, acting on orders from the palace, appeared on the scene, arrested the troupe and carried them and all tho properties, musical and Instrumental properties, musical Instruments and costumes off to Ylldlz. In speaking of the mode of life ol Paul Kruger at the secluded house on the French Rlverla, the former Iloer president's housekeeper made the fol lowing outline of Oom Paul’s dally habits: "He rises at 6 a. m.; no break fast —never. Reads the Bible until 8 o’clock. At 10:30 he smokes his pipe for six minutes. Then people come to see him. At 12 sharp, breakfast, lasting twenty minutes. Drinks no thing but milk. Goes for a drive be tween 1:30 and 2:30. Sleeps from 3 until 4:30. Receives Boers and reade Bible. Dinner at 6 sharp, also twenty minutes. Hla prayer before and after dinner is full of piety. The president goes to bed at 8:30 and Is awakened at 11 when he takes a cup of coffee, and again goea to sleep at 1. At Ihe eats some fruit. tS According to the New Orleans Times- Democrat the South has found an un expected source of wealth In the "poor pine lands" which cover a large part of Mississippi and Louisiana. These lands have gone begging for buyers, hut experiments which have been made at the Mississippi agricultural station have demonstrated that with the expenditure of a very little money they can bo made among the most pro ductlve In the south. For example 65c. worth of acid phosphate Increased the value of the crops of one acre |9. 81* dollars worth of phosphate and cotton seed Increased the crop values S2B - returned from ssl to SBO an acre; aweet potatoes planted on the same land made from 140 to 164 bush els per acre, worth from |7O to SB2, making a total yield of from sl2l to $162 per acre for these "waste" lands. Similar results were obtained la small fruits and garden truck. The Times Democrat asserts that these lands will bo made as fertile and productive as the best lands of California and at a smaller cost. During the year ending June 30, 1901, 282 passengers were killed by railroad accidents -ml 4,984 Jpd*se/ig ers were injured. Railroad employes, trespassers and grade crossings vic tims suffered most overely. The to tal number of casualties to persons on account of railway accidents for the year was 61,794, the number of per sons killed having been 8,455, and the numbered Injured, 68,339. Of railway employees, 2,675 were killed and 41,143 Injured. The total-number of persons other than employees and passengers killed was 5,498; Injured 7,209. These figures Include casualties to trespass ers, of whom 4,601 were killed and 4, 858 were Injured. The total number of casualties to persons other than employees from being struck by trains, locomotives or ears was 4,13 killed and 3,995 injured. Casualties of this class occurred as follows; At highway crossings, passengers killed 3, Injured 11} other persons killed 828, Injured 1,848; at stations, passengers killed 21. Injured 844; other persons killed 378, Injured BE3; and at other point! along track, pamengera Killed 0, Injured 37, ether p*roni killed V 111, injured 1,717.