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Tl FAMMt V The Official Jourkal THH CITY Of BAT IT* MRIML [bscription: $1.60 Per Annum. ipENTINE INTERESTS Eli [I NEW DISTILLATION ■ METHOD OF OBTAINING piTCH ANT) TURPENTINE KuMK INTERESTING HISTORY BnCEKNINO THE PASSING OF ■r LuNU-BEAF PINE-WHAT K k ruTUKE WILL BRING.' Bndowd from tho SolenUflO American by Kul l*rmM I K... days of the prestige of the long- Bpine are gone. Time was when it Kn|t in th'- south. Our geographies ■id nil of the supremacy of North ■ina in the production of naval ■ whence came the name, "Tar ■State"- The schoolboy was proud ■,. distinction, and little dreamed ■only the appellation of this State m remain, while the pre-eminence ■ |, ri ,iiii a would soon be claimed H>re south-rly states in rapid sun ■n. But such was the ease. Not H pa-sr 1 before South Ca/o ■„.;n first, then followed Georgia, ■ piornla is now chief in the pro- Hu of “tai, pitch, and turpentine”, Hh the yearly ouiput in Alabama, H,..;,-, and Mississippi is large. H with lids receding line of the | long-leaf, rapidly drawing in ■ the Gulf of Mexico, the turpentine Jr, with hm squad of negro em- Lii intimately linked. First, he ft,,, headquarters in Wilmington, ■in Charleston, later Savannah, I now his bill-heads bear the mark ftlcsonville. He has made money, ftiigratory man of the pine forests, low be shakes nis head sadly, say ft'lt’llsll soon begone,” referring ft rosm, upon which he is so de- Bnt. The pausing of this great in ft, with is little army of hardy ft, remind i us of the sad vanishing ft Indian tribes before the whites. ftrpeii'ini l workers left behind them Bared forests, whitening unto their ft Many died from being so un ftully drained of their sap, others H the woodmen’s ax, all, in one Hr another, nifdlcd away. Great ■of tim! oii tl lands have been ft. up la ilu- 01,1 (locations until now Hsiiisraim- amount of pine forests ft- in individual hands. These Hof tiniu-r have been, or are now ■ literally mowed down by the Han, ami not many years after the Him'' man has been stopped by the Hhc I mih Timtu will be compelled Hluwn ins ax and saw on the same H.I will the next generation do foi Hwall which to build houses? It Buk as i hough some steps ought to Hen to protect our descendants H our tmibor famine. Selfishly Hit, they will have to do as wc Hone-shift for themselves, and ■ themselves to such conditions as Ht them. Wc, who are using the Hfr au sapped trees, now are build- Husemhat our fathers would have Hred Hearei'ly worth putting up Hacd nothing hut the best pure Hi ii dm pure virgin pine. All Hk' ii t i-'iaj, and the builder of a Hftia'i 100,., any sort ol material, Bile streaked and knotty sorts Hthc order of the day. But when H" dr.iiu.- l ami exhausted long- Htu-ii.iy is gone, what! Why, the H will have in use the short-leaf, ■i! aiwaj a til .unit in the Bouth- Ail that it requires, to be is to lei u alone. Throw out ■ '■ ! a, worthless for farming mid twenty five years you ■ ' i'-.if nine forest, which B*” •’•'■u i.el of lumber. It will ■' 'U' and knotty, but our ' wio :.y hat time have dis- H i lj!i: e i oilier preservatives i'i'"eei ii, so that the world M e> m .diaslul ignorance 11 •ulw...iCj and more de- u I,mi once was. • of the long-leaf >, are wiiftc the outside 84,B 4, t-.fii 111 isi interested in, and B tneo ; Jl and and used. Tar, pitch, arc necessary to the jB-iul world. Whence can these lie supplied, when the trees them are gone? The the very stumps of the ■’ V: ' r ''" c flourished and from si, iisand fat pine trunks ■ Glover the pine forests, r,i ; ce the forests grew. ht * : v -ii keep for an indefj- nf time, and as long as if uui , u,„ world for the discussion will he, |Hk Throughout the Southern |B“^ r ‘' ‘ s jt springing up anew |B’' illlfcl 'mg industry—that of 1i,,, i csinous substances SB* bghrwcod. Being jn its in- 'fir industry has not yet got- SH. fll!l 'iifidence of the public, H* 1 b " : ’ developed to that state, 1,1 v'tiieli U will bo brought Ur ° f ex^orleno# ' of making turpentine HP I i '■ uosting in placing the S^Bft t '. t’eriviort and evapo- R IfA,. Tim vapors thus BE B V| ded in the condon- K' ; H p eomi:i<Tei:il spirits %i~, Bkl ' • T.u I olio . ; fiv B*' i'Vl 111 ih- icsnluc. 1 ■ ' Vaiiig ihoiii pro- R' - S' w 1 ■' ll Si.. ’ . Hi' •' cords at a B o Hril * llU ’' wi ‘ieu ®te §w ®st TOW. j ° pfln sevpral Btpam P’P'. The si yun is i hen injected into the retort, /here kept under a temperature of fron 200 to - degrees, the /at pine gr. dually ! y ,el<l its resinous eontente. Th. , e are I all collected in a condenser, just as the vapors in the ordinary still. But the rc- I suit IS a heterogenous mass, containing i turpentine, tar, and the numerous by products In order to got the separate products, this whole muss is now placed in a copper retort, similar to that used in distilling the pure rosin, and is evapo rated in like manner to it. The final products are wood spirits, turpentine, tar, and by-products almost too numer ous to mention. These by-products de serve special notice, Hovoral of them, the most abundant in quantity, are util ized in mixing certain paints, in which there Is no danger of marring the col ois. A number of others are being used for medicinal purposes. The great difficulty lies, not in the production of them, for it is well known that this hy-, drocarbon series may ho carried on to almost unlimited extent; but it is in their unstable nature that the trouble rests. What they are today* they may not bo tomorrow. Notwithstanding this instability, they are being tightly bot tled to prevent us far us possible their breaking up, and are being sold in con siderable quantities hy some factories. Furthermore, the most skilled chemists are constantly working toward methods of increasing their stability. It is quite natural that the introduction ot the new by-products should be met with opposi tion. The turpentine was first attacked because of its yellow oolor. The light wood factory’s chemist lihmodiately wont to work and discovered a means of making it clear. Next, it was claimed that the turpentine was little more than wood alcohol,but that idea was success fully routed. The present ground of at tack is upon the asserted inferior specific' gravity of the wood spirits turpentine, and this claim is now being vigorously ass tiled by the opposition. LONG BL'Actl. Continued Frost Holds (lack the Winter Truck Crops. \ ___ Long Beach, Miss., Dec. 21,—The continued frost, night after night, is making it hard on the winter gardens. The radishes that are nearly ready for he market are made pithy and rendered unfit for the market. The lettuce and young onions are coming on all right, lait a little slower than they would if die ground was not frozen every night. Every night since Oct. 24 there has been frost, except when cloudy or raining, but for the last fortnight the frosts are like snow in their whiteness in the early morning. The sweet potato crop is not keeping well, and some of the farmers fear that they will not have enougb left for seed. The syrup crop has been abundant and of a most delicious character. It is learned that the Code Commis sioners are progressing nicely with their work of codifying the laws of the State, This Commission is composed of Chief Justice Whitfield, Capt. W. H. Hardy, of Hattiesburg, and Hon T. C. Catch ing*, of Vicksburg. The commission has been hard at work for eight or nine months, and groat progress has bejp made. The pew Coda vyul be ready long before the Legislature meets a year from January. The work of making a Code is not child’s clay, and the members of the Commission have put in some of their best work apt! best thought qp the task. The pow Code has pqt pome a mipute too soon. Toe State lias needed one for a good many years. TheoiJ ope has been amended until it is now in tatters, and unless a lawyer has one that bus been brought up to date by written annolat ons it is of litt|e ijsq tq I,lm. The high ‘Mraows if tt|e gentlemen on the Commission, all of whoip are emi nent lawyers, inspres that the new Ootjp of Mississippi will bd WQftf that gill meet every peed apd qqndttion, The following baa been ont oat from New York, under date of December 17. It mikes good Christmas reading: '‘Wrapped in a faded bit of brown ca per at the bottom of an old trunk that was bought at a storage warehouse auc tion for $4, Max Hart, a poslofficc ejerif of this city, haq found hoqqs op a south ern lighting apd water company which have a market value of between 117,50t| and $26,001. Apcruod interest qp fi per cent, which hqs pqt been (.oljepted fop years, adds nearly SIO,OJO to the value of his find, which is estimated by bank officials to be between $25,0.)0 and $30,000.” At its annual elpotioq ol officers Sea shore No. JBJ7, Knights of Honor, of Pass Christian, selected the following officers: ,T. J. Ichante, dicta tor; Bd. Ifolley, vjpe (jiotatot; IT- W, McDonald, assistant dictator; O. P. Brandt, reporter; T. E. Schoor, finan cial reporter; H. N. Bohn, treasurer; A. J. Demeti, guide; J. A. Lozes, chap lain; Joseph Straub, guardian; rt. Ford, sentinel; Ur M. W. Ralnold, physi cian; J,’ T. McDonald, G. J. Cronovicb and F. P. Lizana, trustees. 'H The census statistics just issued in re gard to old age show that Mississippi is Well to the front with old people.' The nuinbftt or persons 100 years old out of eaoh lOu.oOu is twenty, and there is only one State or Territory in the United States which show a higher per cent, that being Arizona, where the number i> twenty-one. BAY SAINT LOUIS, I ISSISSIPPI, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 24. 1904. **— l ———— * LATE DECISIONS Of ISE MISS. SUPREME COURT. high tribunal dkcides that kuqitt must hano-a man HAS I, ;o L RIGHT TO CIIVK AWAY W ily 'KY. •Jacks n, Miss., Dee. 22.-The Su preme C n-t hin led down the following decisions this week; By Justice Truly R. L. A. P. Bennett vs. A. E. Morris, S>oV aunty. Affirmed. Gus P aterson vs. Town of Bntcsyillo, Panola county. Reversed and remand .1. Wili Welch vs, O K. Williams, Nox ubee county. Affirmed. By Justice Calhoun— Mayor and Board of Aldermen city of Vicksburg vs. J. C. Molon, Affirmed. A If Smith, Carter Thompson! el at vs. •St ile, Hancock county. Affirmed. W A, Hilley vs. Western Union Tel egraph Company, Warren county. Af firmed. By Chief Justice Whitfield K. N. Day vs. B. F. Otis, Scott coun ty, reversed and remanded. Joe W’. Fngitt vs. State, Prentiss co. Affirmed, January fixed as day of execution. The Fugitt case is one of the most in teresting that has been decided at this term of court. He is a white man, a well to-do farmer, and In a row ovo? some stock belonging to a neighbor named Cunningham, killed him. He was con victed in the Prentiss county court and took an appeal, the case being reversed or remanded on some technical point. Ho has been in the courts now two or three years, and this is the third time the Supreme Court has passed on his ease. * Another important decision was in the Patterson ease from Panola county. Patterson had been convicted on the charge of giving away rod liquor, which is a crime under the "Dinsmore law," but the judgss of the Supreme court of Mississippi are of a different opinion - so long as the drink is not given away to inducelrude or bring business. The President in his annual sermon preaches that children should not bo allowed to work. Dons not this depend upon tho circumstances? It is of course pitiful to see a boy or girl hard at work who ought to be at school, if schooling is within thoir reach; but if they be or phans, or, worse than orphans, the chil dren of parents who cannot or will not support them, it is a noble and credita ble thing instead of a degrading thing tosso them at work; and thousand) of enterprising and successful American citizens have begun most useful lives unuor just such bard conditions. BANKING BUSINESS IN 04 INCREASED LARGELY CAPITAL OP NEW INSTITUTIONS FOU MISSISSIPPI AGGREGATE ♦2,4IO,OOO—EXISTING HANKS IN CREASE THEIR CAPITAL TO THE AMOUNT OP S2,CUS,(XK). Jackson, Miss., Doc. 2(). According to the Records in the olive-of the Secre- Uiry of Suite during the year 1001 char ters have been granted to 5S banking institutions, most of them having capi tal stock of about $25,000. Th'> aggre gate capita!, however, is $2,410,001). It is Do worthy of note that during the samo period eaisting banks hiyo in creased their capital slock in the sum of $05,000, and still another ik contem plating an increase cf from Y 1 iii.odO t>o $200,000, so that the total increase oi banking capital Uunng the year will be $2,605,000. It is understood that every one of these banks has bejr’pi business and are now in successful operation. Thst is a habit brinks have. When they (jet a charter it moans a baa*. Oa the other hand, all railroad charters do not mean new railroads just then. The same |s true of many other concerns that ap ply and pay for charters, but thousands of new industries have been chartered ami have begun business during the year, and the chances are that neat year will styiw just as substantial a gr owth as has the present. Financially Mississippi is in good shape, in spite of the slump in tne price of cq(toti, W* ■■■USTM-! WWW fhs Rilqxi Reyiew representative has peep told a story on a Pass Christian candidate in the recent municipal elec tion, which the Review says is too good to keep. “The candidate was an aspir ant for municipal honors, and, as usual, was sure of election, he had the prom ises. Before going to the poll on the morning of the election he provided himself with a number qf heaps which put iq on pocket. At the poll, when a voter would appear and cast his bal lot that he was sure of, he would put a bean in another pocket. At the close ho had accumulated sixty-four beans. When the votes were counted, he had exactly four votes. ” CASTOR IA For Infanta and Children. Hie Kind You Have Always Bought BILOXI EWS NOTES— i COAST ELECTRIC LINE. SCHOONER ANNIE REDDING OF 1 BILOXI SINKS OFF CAT ISLAND i -GULFPORT BILOXI ELECTRIC LINE AN'eAKLY REALITY. Biloxi, Miss., Dec. 20. ’The schooner I Annie Redding, owned by-Charles Red- j ding, of this city, sank last night off the i south of Cal Island m twelve feet of. water. She was heavily loaded with oysters for a Biloxi cannery, and was to have brought her cargo to this port to day. The Captain, Petgr Parker, and orew of four men, were asleep in the j cabin, and the vessel jy lying at an- i ehor in a dead calm* vdbjh sho sank. The first intimation tho seamen had of their danger was #icn the water, came rushing through t|ie companion | hatch into tho cabin, liry had dlffi- j cully in getting out against the rush of water, but were all fortunate enough to do so. They entered tnlr skiff before the vessel sunk and were shortly after ward picked up by another oyster schoo ner and brought this morning to Biloxi. No one seems to know tho cause of the leak. The Annie Redding was a com paratively now boat, and was considered one of the stanchest craft in tho local oyster trade. Her draft was not near equal to the depth of water where she wont down, and her center-board was up, so sho could not have pounded on tho bottom. If tho weather remains calm, tho vessel can be floated without great expense. Hho settled on the soft mud and shell bottom on an even keel, stmt her mapts are standing to mark tho place. I/Gvas near this same place a y*r ago that tho schooner Gertie Rhodes sank and two of her seamen wore drowned. Uiloxlans now feel that the Gulfport- Hiloxl elec trie line is a thing of the near future. Yesterday a party of surveyors began work at the Camp Grounds, west of Biloxi,and started a minute survey of tho proposed line between tho two cities. The work will be done under tho charter granted to Mr. Penny, of Gulfport, and others. Mr. Penny says that ho has plenty of capital behind him to build and equip the road, and that construction will begin as soon ns con tracts can bi lot. Too right-of-way has been secured to the oily limits of Biloxi, where lb iiao will connect with the Biloxi ElOOtrie Street •llailw.iy and Power Compiny’s line, if the Penny Company does not build on into tho city. The <arly completion of this line, of which the prospect aoiuipi to give indi cation, bus given new impotm to the aio of realty in that cad of the city and along tho proposed lino. THE STATE’S REPUDIATED BONDS ONCE MORE WARNING BOUNDED DV SENA TOR POSTER OP LOUISIANA INSPIRES BELIEF THAT SAME wilt, up: paid thpj suit’ of N. DAKOTA AOAINT SOU HI CAROLINA EXCITES AGITATION, Jackson, Miss., D, 3. 2). Tho recent warning sounded by Senator Fjstor of Laußlamt the probable effect >1 lh various arbitration treaties on the repudiated bonds of the Souihern Stator, seems to have insplrsd Northern specu lators with tho belie! that these binds may bo ultimately pail, Senrcttßy Cl ( 'late Power has se-eral letters from N<Tpthwi syndicate* asking Infor mation as to the whereabouts of the r ,.. pudiatod Mississippi bonds, anil one of those lotion receive! thii morning from a firm In 0i...-Rj states that tho writer is anxious to buy the "r pudiatod bonds of Mississippi”. Tho writer also re quests all Information otitalnablo an to the whereabouts of tho bonds. There has been more or loss agitation jouLthe repudiated bonds of this State of recent years, and especially since the suit of North Dakota against South Carolina, ip whi a u was held that the South Carolina bonds must bo paid. The Mississippi bonds, however, stand In a totally different attitude from the bonds ol any other ol the Southern States, These bonds were Issued In the "flush times", when the State embarked in the banking business. When the banks broke and the bonds were pre sented for payment n suit resulted, and ihe Supreme Qourt of the State hold that th* bonds wore a valid debt and should be paid. At the time of this de cision the judges were elective by the people, and in the election for judges which followed the chief justice who delivered tho opinion was defeated on account of the unpopularity of the de cision. A legislature was elepteJ at the name time, and tu the campaign the proposition ol paying the bonds was made an issue, with the result that the legislature elected was overwhelmingly opposed Cos payment and declined to make any provision for satisfying the judgment rendered in favor of the bond holders by tho supreme court. The matter stood in tliis shape until the constitijliemat convention of 1890 met, and there wag incorporated a pro vision in what is the present State con stitution to the effect that these bonds should never be paid. In the South Carolina case the bond* wore issued to i build a railroad and the road was held to he liable for payment of the bonds. In the Mississippi case the bonds were is- I sued to establish a bank and tho bank failed, and all of Its assets vanished into i thin air. Hence Mississippi had noth i ing to fear from the deoision in the I South Carolina case. A judgment was already recorded against Mississippi, but there was no way to satisfy it except I by act of the legislature, i .The npw question raised by Seiator • Foster has caused some Interest here, i though It is not exactly clear as to how an arbitration treaty could e jmpul the | legislature of a State to make an appio prialion. Advertising Pays. Tho man who would bo successful must lot tho world know that he wants to succeed. In this day and time the gum shoo seldom trends the path to vic j lory of one kind or another. Who Is not familiar with the mustaehed face and unusually high forehead of tho man who is to be the next governor of Mas sachusetts? All of us have seen it in print practically every day for a long time, and the West knew it ns well as tho East, says tho Indianapolis News, When the Democrats of Massachusetts nominated William L. Douglas as their candidate for governor, there was no need to explain who he was. No one asked, because every one know. And when Mr. Douglas entered his new sphere of activity ho did not fall into the ways of those who were already there. He had methods of his own, which ho had tried and found effective. Printers’ ink and paste were among his most able lieutenants, and the people of Maasachusetts knew from tho advertis ing columns of the public prints, which were freely used, and from the bill boards all over tho State that the man who had been successful in one way was determined to be successful in another. Mere political schemes wore not de pended on; statements, interviews and the like, which so often fall short of the multitude, wer6 supplanted by the means which norer tail to reach, -Ex. Christmas Programme at UeLUIr. The Festival Mass of the Good Shop herd, for four mixed voices, composed oy R-'.v. Father Borin, and approved by ■me of the minister* of the Roman Com mission, appointed by 'Pope Pm* X will lie suug m DoLisle on Christmas’ Giy. One of the several featuroii will oe Urn rendition by Rev. Father Borin mid hia splendid ohoirof “U# Echos dt Ueihlehera,’’ a Ch.Utraae hymn by Uiolraan, pubiiahod about two week* ego. will bo throe masses at DeLisle hrlstixms, at 7, 8 and to o'clock, and ho attendance will be large, The Church of Our Lady of Good Hope has a largo number of parishioners, who are active In their faith and church work and great interest is always manifested on all occasions. CAWTOKIA. hbuhU* The Kind You Have Alwajrs BougM TO BEAUTIFY TOUR COMPLEXION. IN 10 DAYS, USE . .Satinola T i0 U.ieijualßd Beai tifior A FEW applications will remove tan or sallowness and restore the beamy of youth, i SATINOLA Is a now discovery, guar anteed, and money refunded it it fails to remove Froek’es, Pimples, Liver Spots. Blockheads, Tans, Disoolnratiom and Dixfigurmg Eruptions. Ordinary esses in !l) Ays, the worst in 20 days. After these and 'Awcs arn removed the skin will be soft, clear, healthy and beautiful. Price 50 cents at drug stores or by mall. Thousands of la lies testify to the merits of Satinola. Mrs. Etta Brow.ie writes: St. Louis, Mo., June 30, 1904.-—I have been using your Satinola, Egyptian Ore n, Snap and Nadine Face Powder and like them all very much. This is the firs-, summer since childhood that 1 have been v/ithout freckles iam 34 years old and have a better complexion now than when a girl. NATIONAL TOILET Cos., Paris. Tenn. Sold in Bay Si, Louis by OARDE RLED’S DRUG STORE, and all lead ing druggists, Gaston G. Gardebled, Contractor 5J Baildar —— Contracts taken for small and large )ob. Fiatl mateamade free.aml plans and deal/na oheer- Cuity furnlahed. A Ilhiral sr.ar., of oatnuve hat Oardeblad’a inrag Stan will re-elre prom it attention it iald inoe on- Carrotl avenue near See-ond street FOR SALE- ohoicoiuftbo ~ Shell Peoaft and Japanese Peru nm n free). Write f,ii> nme sut.ir 1 Oju.-i bpr.nis, MU., Jnq tilUi, pnprUtar. * iU-tt-Jv T 30 bor the signature „f Siff , y/ir. ~— and ?“*• bcc “ "‘ado under I.is pcr *° ttl " U|)Crvlslon *•"> Ks Inlhncy. * Counterfeit., £sC;jjjj S3i2ir*ir l,h i" ,4 " and d * HI " tlK> ■ •><■ ” ftud ChUaren—B*perlence against Experiment. What is CASTOR IA SSKpSrlTpe or i®T^o^',.r ar S con tains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Na rootle *nrt ta | , | ,C ®’ J U ftK ° i# U * nn.tee. It destroys Worms Cos lo u * eVeri !? neM - 14 CHr, H Diarrhoea and Wind 2filT CS lee thing Troubles, cures Constipation and 1 iatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the SKSfV^ nd . B ° Weta haalthy and natnrld sleem The Children's Pauacea-Tho Mother's Friend. 1 genuine CASTORIA always The Kind You Have Always Bought In Use For Over 30 Years. . . . BUY YOUR . . . Harness and Vehicles, OF EVERY DESCRIPTION . . . FROM THE . . . ENGLISH MPG. CO., Mobile, Ala. They have the Largest SbK-.lt in the South and they sell at low prices and on the most liberal terms. Write them for pictures and prices.. Gardebled’s Dt ug Store , Comer Main and Streets, PURE DRUGS, MEDICINES Toilet and Fancy Articles, Stationery, Fine Cigars, Etc. Telephone No. 6. Prescription Carefully Compounded. The Smart Set A Magazine of Cleverness Magazines should have a well-defined purpose. Genuine entertainment, amusement and mental recreation are the motives of ino Smart Set, the Most Successful of Magazines Its novels ( a complete quo in each number ) are by the most bril liant authors of both hemispheres. Its short stories u e matchless—clean and full of human interest Hs poetry covering the entire field of verse-pathos, love, humor, tenderness—is by the most popular poets, men and women, of the Its joks. witticisms, seiches, etc., are admittedly the most mirth provoking. J 160 Pages Delightful Reading No pages are wasted on cheap illustrations, editorial vuponngs or wearying essays and idle discussions. “ K-very page will interest, charm and refresh you. Subscribe now—s*.so per year. Remit in cheque, P. Q. or Ex- <U ICg, * t(!,otl letlor t 0 Thu 452 Fifth Avenue, N. B.—Sample Copies Sent Free on Application. BUSINESS OFFICES TO RENT! Either singly or in suites, in the new and handsome ECHO BUILDING,I Rent Reasonable. Adlreas OHAS. O. M3R 3A.U, qaai Flax, Echo Building. Tke Mutual Life lusu Cos. OF NEW YORK. MADISON M. JAYN£|ypeola !\qant, Bay St. Loula<Misf. ' Bn Tr KCUO't Jab Printing Depart amt I I* IM "f -t I row** equipped. Thirteenth Year. No. 60.