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THE SEA COAST ECHO.
CHAS. G. MOREAU, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. Individuality, pluck and comtnoi tense are as essential to successful farming as any other occupation or profession. “Why do girls leave home?” a con temporary asks. T’snaUy because a husband, compared with papa, is nu easy mark, replies the New York Her ald. • .W henever the opportunity offers don’t forget to put in a good word or do a little work for good roads. It is hard for the farmer to believe how greatly important this is. The foundation of our national pros perity is based upon Hie success of the agriculturist, declares (he Weekly Witness. The man who says that the farmer is not the most important ad junct to this world of ours, and who holds him up to ridicule, is nothing imorc nor less than a fool. We have long been of the opinion that every man .who has done his fair share of work and acquired a comfort able hobby to occupy himself with might well quit work at sixty. If Dr. Osier will suggest some method en abling all such to bo sure of the means to do so he will have rendered a real service, says the Cincinnati Enquirer. The sale of a mountain of cinnebar in 'Alaska for $1,o0O.0(h, 1 , or nearly one fourth of the original price paid for the entire Territory, i- suggestive of many reflections, even to Americans of to-day, thinks the New York Tribune: but what would Pliny, who held that iffunabar was a mixture of the blood of the dragon and the elephant, have bad fo say had such a discovery been made in his day? We are told by the Millinery Trade Review that “broad-quilled feathers, Wings, birds and fancy mounts are on the lists for next season, remarks the <'harlotto News and Courier. There is h great deal of work .-till left for the 'Audubon societies to do. There will never be any chance for the birds ns long as the women who wear hats al low their vanity to go, the better of their charity. Tt seems to be imp '-sible to run a lot of extra trains for inaugurations or conventions or excursions without one or two very severe accidents, say? the Philadelphia Record. It is impos sible to believe that the vastly greater number of railroad casualties here than in Europe is unavoidable. Our railroad men surpass those of all other nations in operating their lines eco nomically; it must be p*)s>ible for them to equal the railroad managers i>f Europe in promoting safety. 'A blunder may be worse than a mime. It proved so in the eyes of the jury which brought in a verdict of RSOOO damages for false arrest and malicious prosecution against the Greenwood Cemetery and one of its guards, who had committed the in credible folly of arresting a woman for plucking a rose from the bush which overhung her husband's grave. For (his natural act of sentiment, which was interpreted as a violation of a cemetery ordinance, the woman was carried through the streets in a patrol wagon and detained over night in a police cell, relates the New York Mail. The cost of labor Done of the prin cipal items that ente • into competition between business men. No one can deny this, declares the Chicago Inter- Ocean. Then is it not a decided ad vantage to deal with an organization of labor that guarantees to the busi ness man that bis competitor is pay ing the same wages that lie does? And, besides, there is not a union in existence which places minimum ' wages above what a man can afford to support a man upon comfortably. I'nion wages are always reasonable wages. Employers of labor who ob ject to the strictly union shops do so simply because union regulations re quire a standard of justice to the .workmen that mosi employers want to violate in the interests of profit. The Manitoba Farmer has not profit ed by the experience of the wheat growers on this side of the boundary, states the Cleveland I’iain Dealer, lake them, he has proceeded on tiie theory that the Virgin soil, which is a heavy loam, could not be exhausted. Heavy crops of wheat have been taken from it in continuous succession, the straw burned, and none of the chemi cal elements taken from the soil in the form of crops returned to it in any form. In the older sections of the province the inevitable result is al ready apparent. The soil lias greatly deteriorated, and so has the quality 'of the product. “N'o. 1 Lard," the grade raised in Manitoba, and which is in demand by American millers for their export trade, is no longer produced in places where it was tu? rule and the territory yielding it is steadily de ereasing in extent, in spite of |he opening uo si the .new district. SCIENCE NOTES. A Scotchman now living in Flor ence. Italy claims to have discovered a microbe which devours all zymotic germs in drainage. The famous singing master, Manuel Garcia, of London, who Invented the laryngoscope £0 years ago, was 100 years old March 17, 1905. The Lon don Laryngological society is collect ing subscriptions for a present to be given to him on that occasion. It is proposed, says t'.ie Lancet, to attempt anew departure in the treat ment of tuberculosis by sea voyages. A large sailing vessel will leave Eng land for a long voyage in warm lati tudes, and will be prepared to convey a number of consumptives, inebriates and "other invalids.” Dr. Walther Thorner has invented an apparatus by which photographs may be made of the retina of ’he burn in eye. Heretofore, says the Scienti fic American, it has been possible to study the retina and its diseases on ly by direct observation with the eye speculum The fixed image furnished by the photographic apparatus enables the physician <o study the condition of a diseased retina at his leisure. There is in Cuba a curious grass, Cenchrus echinatUS, which bristles with tiny sharp-pointed suikelets up on which multitudes of insects are impaled by night as well as by day. The wings of the victims are pierced and entangled by the barbed spines, -o that most of them are unable to get away, and. thus perish miserably. Even a large, luminous snapping beetle, which is so strong and active ■ hat it can with difficulty be held in the hand, falls a victim to these vege table bayonets. It has been observed, however, that two species of insects, a large bug. OEbalouS. and an earwig, readily free themselves frpm the spines. Minute insects are not caught. The grass does not appeal* lu derive any nourishment from its prey. It is found elsewhere in the West Indies and in southern Florida. America is not the only country in (be world that excels in canning meats and vegetables. At the St. Louis exposition were shown canned rice birds from China, These little birds are much like our own reed birds, and as they live in the rice fields, they become very fat, and luscious. They are esteemed highly in China and are preserved with skill. Portugal preserves immense qualities of fish. Germany has made some in teresting experiments in canning. One of these is called calorit, the name re ferring to the device whereby the vegetable or meat enclosed may be heated by puncturing the can. Two chambers enclose the inner can, one holding lime and the other water. The puncture permits the water and the lime to meet, and the slaking process which follows causes heat. ELECTRIC SHOCK. One &f the Not Uncommon Dangers of Modern Life. One of the new and not uncommon dangers of modern life is that of get ting in the way of a powerful current of electricity and receiving the entire discharge through the body. The ef fects of such a discharge vary, of course, with the strength of the cur rent; there may be a simple sharp muscular contraction, accompanied by the familiar disagreeable sensation of an electric shock; these contractions may be repeated several times after the current has ceased, constituting true convulsions, or they may be a persistent continued muscular contrac tion; there may be suspended respira tion while the heart continues to beai; both heart and respiration may cease, in which case death will speedily fol low unless instant medical relief is at hand: or in still other cases, death may be instantaneous. The first care is, of course, to free the person from contact with the live wire, and here great caution is neces sary. or the giver cf assistance may share the fate of the one he is trying |to help. He must himself be insulat ed before touching the victim’s body, if the latter is still within the path j of the current, and this is especially | important if the accident has happen ied out-of-doors on a wet day. Care ! should he taken also not to let any part of the body other than the hands, or rather one hand, touch the electri fied person. It may not be possible to pull the I sufferer away from the source of elec tricity. and if not it will be necessary to make a short circuit by dropping a stiff wire or a metal tool of any kind lover the live wire, or cutting the ; wire. Insulation is best obtained by rubber I boots and gloves, but in the absence !of these, standing on a folded coat lor a woman's silk skirt and putting 'on thick woolen gloves or wrappinig I the qands in several folds of silk, woolen or cotton cloth, which of course must be dry. A dry board or ' several newspapers, or, better still, both, may serve as an emergency in sulating stool. When the victim has been freed the current he should be placed on the back, with clothing loosened, so that he can have plenty of fresh air. In severe cases artificial respiration will almost always be needed, just as it is in cases of drowning, and an early re sort to it may save a life that would otherwise inevitably be lost. There is little else that can be done on the spot for the sufferer, but be may need careful treatment subsequently to re move effects of the terrible shock he has received. —Youth's Companion Sulking Steam. According to an engineer, though there may be every reason present why p steam boiler should steam, there are occasions when it simply will rot. It refuses duty a nd sulks without any cause that can be detect ed. On such occasions every one takes a hand at the fires, but the re sult is the same —no steam or only enough to keep three-quarters speed. Marine ami stationary boilers are both thus afflicted. There are “good days” and “bad days” in the performance of each TIS THE GiRU It Isn’t the gown, though vou think It b It i.m’t philanthropy the check, It’s the girl. It’* the girl. It isn’t the plume of the Parisian hat, It isn’t the fear of the soon dawning sun It’s the girl. That ieaveth the cards ere the game is It Isn’t the music that maketh the trance quite done. Of delight in the glorious whirl of the It's the girl, dance. It’s the girl. it isn’t the Innermost love of the play. It's the girl. It isn’t the stylo—you may think It is It lsn - t t h at you i iaV e two fivers, I say. Tliat — ' It’s the girl. It s the girl. It isn’t the plush of the opera box It Isn’t home longing tnat reateth tae Eat, That bringelh divorce of your purse from It’s the girl. vour rocks. It isn’t the bottle, ft !sn t the bird. ‘ j t s f ue g i r ]. That something anew in vour being stirred. It s the girl. g 5 wo „id you the ell potent mainspring of It Isn’t that you of old ladies are fond. Keek the girl. f It isn’t that Mamma is brunette or blonde, if a wrong v>-ih some w^.. It’s the girl. ordered paa,. It isn’t, that you care to strike up with I’a n erin that is A brief conversation on father-in-law— * or cian . lu!etli cart.i \ . , It’s the girl. j> ut j f you* would know who is ruler of him. It . idle rtim th. ne. k, Vort ri,. | I A. Pearl Neclllace. | | | Bv EDITH REDE BUCKLEV* 5 5 I! She was seated by her bedroom fire deep in thought. The firelight glim mered upon the rich folds of her white satin dress. Her elbow was on her knee and her chin rested on her hand; she was lost in thought, gazing absent ly upon the red glowing coals as though r,h,e wanted to look through them and beyond them to some bright er, happier life on the other side. And the bitterest part of the whole thing was that it was her own fault from beginning to end. She hal been given a far larger share of happiness than falls to the lot of most people, and she had thrown it away with her own hand. She raised her eyes and gazed around the luxurious room la which she sat; no thought and mi money had been spared to make it as beautiful as possible, all the thought and care ot the husband who had idolized her and whose love she had thrown away on her wedding day. It had been one of those misunder stndings and mistakes which have no real cause. She had been proud and wilful, had told him that all her love had been given to her cousin before sue ever mot him, and that her marriage, like hundreds of fashionable marriages every year, had been a "marriage ol convenience.” It was hardly fair nev,s to a husband on his wedding day, but Arthur Davenant was a man who wanted love for love, and would ac cept her on no other terms. And so he had given her back her freedom, only begging her to stay under his roof and bear his name that the world should know nothing of their story. They had passed a month in Paris for the honeymoon, and then he had brought her to his home, the home prepared by an eager bridegroom for the reception of a dearly loved wife. For nearly a year they had lived to gether, outwardly as friends, but see ing nothing of each other except at meals or in the presence of guests. The house was usually full and she made an ideal hostess. He always treated her with the utmost courtesy and consideration; and he bided his time. He was in parliament and man aged his own estate —was, indeed, en grossed in his own life, she thought, and left no room for her! For so per verse is woman’s heart that when lie let her go she would have given all she had in the wide world to have him back. In her early girlhood she had been devoted to a cousin who was ab solutely penniless and who went out to try his luck in Virginia. No actual engagement had ever ex isted between them, and after lie had been gone some years and any hope of a marriage was as distant as ever Ar thur Davenant had wooed her, and her parents urged her to accept him. He was a man few girls could have re sisted. but her heart was so wrapped up in her cousin that she fancied she would never have any love to give. Arthur Davenant had found her cold to his wooing, but he had the confi dence of an ardent lover that he would win her when she was his wife. She was naturally very self-con t.alaed, and as the months went by he never guessed her secret that she was learning to love him with all the pas sion of her woman’s life —a love be side which feeling for her cousin had been a mere girlish fancy. Kind, courteous, and considerate as he was he was unapproachable. Doubtless he had ceased to love her; other things had filled his mind. “Love is of man’s life a thing apart,” and it was over for him probably, and too late she had learned to value the pearl she had spurned. The very sight of him as he sat opposite to her at the table made her heart throb. According to her own request he never kissed her or even touched her save sometimes to shake her hand on bidding good night. How could he guess that the mere touch of his fingers made her thrill? She would have given all that she possessed for the careless caresses he gave to his dog. She envied his little nephews and nieces when they came to stay and she watched him showering kisses on their young faces. Ah! if it had only been different, children of his own might have climbed on his knee —her chil dren. Two years before he had volunteered for the front. She often wondered how she lived through those years. He wrote to her kind, affectionate letters, but no -word of love; just the letters a brother would write to a sister; it was she who had forbidden everything else. And now she sat by her fire thinking, thinking, till her brain felt bursting. One week ago he had come home from South Africa, brown and lean and care worn. with two years’ sufferings and hardships marked on his strong face, and she wondered jealously if some thing else had marked his face. too. She had looked at him when she could without observation. The house was fu.i c? guests; many of them were his relatives who had come to welcome him home. She had not had five minutes alone with him since his return. She buried her face in both hands. “Yes. at any risk,” she cried to herself, “I must ask his forgiveness, beg him for pity, if love be dead.” She repeated “If love be dead.” God help her then, the out loud again and again— if love be dead and she rad killed it She hart denied him love, denied him everything. Might he not have taken her at her word and put her out of his life altogether? She had played with edged tools, and her fingers were bleed ing. She had juggled with her own fate, and the car had passed over her self ‘ Giid help mo if his idve is dead.” She got up and paced round the room. Tomorrow, this very morrow, she would beg for an Interview and tell him everything, and ask him if she had come too late: beg him on her knees foh a crumb of love, she to whom a rich feast had been offered. “And now,” she cried, “I would rather he struck me than ignore me; I would rather he were cruel than any one else in the wide earth were kind. Oh, love is a terrible thing when it comes like this.” She wore no rings but her wedding ring, and as she glanced down at her clenched white hand she thought what a mockery it was to wear that. She sank back again in the chair and swayed herself to and fro; tonight her heart felt breaking. She had learned to love her husband before he went away, but those two yeai's of sickening anx iety had magnified her love till it had grown beyond all bounds. It was like the seed in the Bible parable that had brought forth fruit a hundred-fold. There was a knock at her door. She thought it was the maid whom she had dismissed returning for something, and without raising 'her head she said, “Come in.” The door opened and was closed again, and a step that was not Natalie’s crossed the room to her side. The color flamed up into her cheeks when she looked tip and saw her hus band. He was looking unusually hand some tonight, and there was a tender light in his eyes as ho glanced down at her quickly lowered head. He car ried a blue velvet case in his hand. He took up his position with his back to the fireplace quite close to her, and looked down in silence for some min utes —looked down on her bowed head, thinking that it was bent in cold in difference, little guessing the passion ate longing that was surging within her heart. She wondered if he could hear her heart beat; it seemed almost that ho must in the absolute stillness. The little carriage clock ticked; a coal fell upon the hearth. She clenched her hands together, but she dared not look up. At last he spoke. “Mabel, I thought you would forgive me for coming to your room so late, Jjut 1 remembered it was your birth day tomorrow and 1 wanted you to ac cept my present when we were alone — and we never are alone, are we? Not for five minutes since I came back.” There as a ring of almost entreaty in his voice. “Do you mind?” “Mind? Oh, no.” Her voice sounded cold even to her self, but she could scarcely control it from trembling. “It is so good of you to remember,” she added lamely. “Good?” He opened the case and displayed a row of the most exquisite pearls with a diamond clasp lying on a pale blue velvet lining. She got up and stood close beside him to examine the necklace; her eyes were clouded and a lump was rising in her throat that almost choked her. She put out her hand and touched the pearls with a little caressing touch for the mere joy of knowing that he was holding the case. By a great effort she controlled her voice. The tears were blinding her; she dared not look up. “Mab!” he had never called her Mab since their ill-starred wedding day. “Mab, will you let me put it on?” There was a tremor in his voice; she was afraid he would see her tears. “Yes.” It was only a whisper. He moved to lay the jewel case on the dressing table. She had turned and faced the fire, and looking into the glass above the mantelpiece she could see his figure reflected, and she watched him take the necklace in his strong brown hands and then press it to his lips, never realizing that she could see him. Then he stepped back to the fire place. and standing behind her he very gently laid the pearls round her neck. She was conscious that his warm hand trembled as it momentarily touched her neck. Perhaps the clasp was a little stiff, and he lingered a second in fastening it; she could never tell; she only knew in one lighting flash that the crisis of her life had come. Before she realized what she was doing, for getting all the preparatory speeches that she had rehearsed, forgetting everything excepting that he was close beside her and that she loved him more than anything in earth or heaven, she turned and threw her arms round his neck with one low sob. and laid her cheek, wet with tears, against his. “Arthur—Arthur, can you ever for give me? Can you ever believe me? Have I strained your love too far, my dear— my dear?” “Mabel!” only her name, but in it was the pent-up love of a lifetime. "Mab, is this really true; has it come at last?” There was a world of tenderness in his voice as he put her gently from him that he might have the joy of look ing iii her face; then he framed her face in his two hands and looked down into her eyes. “Mab, is this a dream?” His vole# was very low and hoarse from the in tensity of hia emotion. “No,” she whispered, “it is life. Oh, Arthur, Arthur, can I ever make you believe how I have learned to love you, tow I have been hungering for your love all these years, how I love you a myriad times more than I can ever express? Arthur, can you? Tell me, have I come too late?” He only folded his arms tightly round her, drew her slander figure close to his breast, and whispered two words, only two, but they changed the whole world for her forever. “My wife,” and then he laid his lips on hers. —London Taller. COLOR BLINDNESS. Every One is Afflicted in This Way in Certain Sense. Not long since the motermen on an elevated railroad were ou the verge of a strike because the officers of the company insisted upon an examination of he men’s eyes to determine wheth er or not any of the men were color blind. .The necessity of such examination is plain in the case of railway men and sailors. Upon whose ability to distin guish green ffntl red, ihe safety of hun dreds or even thousands Oi persons often depends. Every one is color-blind in a certain sense; that is to say, no human eye is so perfect as to appreciate every shade of colct in the solar spectrum, every difference in the number of ethereal vibrations which constitute color-im pressions; and between the marvelous color-discrimination of Chevreul. who was OnCe th* director at the Gobelins works, and the chromatic dulness Of another chemist, Dalton, who was the first to describe accurately this defect, from which he himself suffered, the gradations of color-sense are infinite. An arbitrary line has therefore been established, separating those of so called normal color-perception from the color-blind. This limit is the ability to distinguish the seven primary col ors of the spectrum —violet, indigo, blue*, green, yellow, orange and red. The degree of color-sense is doubt less based primarily on the physical condition of the eye, but it is modifld greatly by education. Just as a per son with perfect eyes may not be able to read because of never having been taught, so in a lesser degree, one with normal color-vision may lack the pow er of color-discrimination through want of education. To (his is to be at tributed the striking difference be tween the sexes as regards color blindness. One out of every 30 men is more or less color-blind, but the proportion among women is said to be o,yly one in r thousand. Color-blindness may be acquired as a result of disease or injury, or from the abuse of alcohol or tobacco; hence the need for frequent re-examinations of tho eyes of men whoso color-sense is important, such as sailors, railway employes and motormen. The tests are made by matching skeins of wool, by naming the colors of pieces of bunt ing seen at a distance, and by inter preting lantern signals made under conditions similar to those which sur round a railway engineer in his ac tual work. —Youth’s Companion. QUAINT AND CURIOUS. The longest article in the new sec tion of the Oxford dictionary is on the verb “pass.” It takes up 16 columns. At a recent conference of the trade in Leicester the president of the In stitute of Carriage Builders said that practically the whole of the wheel making industry of England had been captured by America. Tho National Union of Telephone Operators, formed by English hello girls, has won a great victory. The National Telephone company threaten ed with a strike, has consented to al low (he members to wear colored combs and beads and shirt waists oth er than black. Few people know that other clays of the week than the first arc being observed as Sunday by some nation or other. The Greek observe Monday; tho Persians, Tuesday; tho Assyrians, Wednesday; the Egyptians, Thursday; the Turks, Friday; the Jews, Satur day, and the Christians Sunday. Thus a perpetual Sabbath is being celebrat ed on earth. More double stars have been discov ered and measured at the Lick obser vatory In California. The latest bul letin issued by the university con tains an account of another hundred new double stars discovered and meas ured there. They are of the same character as those previously discov ered at the Lick observatory. Nearly all would be difficult objects U‘ observe under conditions less favora ble than obtained at Mt. Hamilton. The National Society for the Pro vention of Cruelty to Children has a remarkable museum, where within a glass case, is a collection of imple ments of torture. Straps of every de scription are there, sticks, clubs and ropes with the knots still in them, that once held childish wrists fast. There are also twisted hooks, bamboo canes and a chain with a padlock by which an imbecile child was for years fastened to a post. Hanging by itself is a straw basket two feet long and a foot deep in which twins were found on a baby farm. A curious custom has just been celebrated at Klim, near Moscow. All the marriageable girls in the town lined up in the principal street, deck ed out in their simple finery, many of them also having with them the stock of linen, household and per sonal. which forms part of their dow ry. The young men contemplating matrimony then walked down the ser ried ranks of beauty as they moved toward the church and selected the girls of their choice. A formal visit to tho parents to arrange details was then made in each case and a date fixed for the ceremony. It is believed that ebony will thrive in certain parts of California. AtJOUT SOIL. The investigation of the physical characteristics of soils deals chiefly with tho classification of soils accori ing to the amounts of particles of va rious sizes which constitute the soil, la order to secure uniformity of clas sification and description a conven tional table of sizes has been adopted by the Bureau of Soils. United S ates Department of Agriculture, and tbo soils are described in the terms of this table. Thus all material above two millemetres (.about 1-12 Of an inch) afe classed as gravel and stone; from one millimetre to cne-half milli metre, or about tbe size of closer seed, the grains are called coarse sand; from cue- half to one-quarter miiliraetro the grains are classed as medium sand; from one-quarter to one-tenth millimetre as fine sand, from one-tenth to five one-hundredth millimetre as very fine sand. far all grains are readily distinguishable by the eye as separate fragments of various minerals, au*i a little knowl edge of the a#peamnee of different minerals enables one to identity the grains as belonging to one or more of a half dozen common reek e*d soo forming minerals. The next two grades, silt (5-100 to 5-1000) aui clay (smaller than 5-1000 millimetre) nre impalpable powders when dry, and their mineral composition can be made out only under a high power microscope by a person skilled in the recognition of minerals in smt.il ftag ments. Pqre silt when moist is not grut>, like the different grades of sand, or plastic and coherent, like the ex tremely minute particles of clay. The various grades of sand usually make up the skeleton or framework of the majority of soils. Thej reUl tr a soil more or less open or porous, depending both on the size of the sand grains and their relative proper-* Pons in the total mass. The silt ren ders a soil solid and somewhat com pact making it particularly adhesive even when wet. The clay, if present in proportions above 10 to lo per cent, renders a soil waxy and adhesive when wet and either granular and cloddy when dry or else solid and impervious. The gradation of soils according to the size of the component grains is a classification according to the soil texture. It is the common classifica tion of the practical farmer, and the mechanical analysis, and ai sizes of grains are merely used m order that the terms used in one lo cality may be more widely intelligi ble. Thus soil made up of large grains, possessing an open, porous structure, draining freely and work ing easily, is, by common acceptation, a sand. Bat one locality might con sider a given sand as coarse, while m a different locality it would be esti mated as only medium. Similarly soils locally known as clays frequent ly find their place in a wider classi fication as clay loams or heavy loams. A county abounding in clay soil might give rise to a local classification of lighter lands as sands, when they ac tually deario to be called saud> loams. , The physical properties of soils < e pend not only on the texture of the soil, the size of the component grains, but also upon the structure of the soil—that is, the arrangement of the ■soil particles in space, the title, as it is frequently called. Thus a clay soil may be granulated and loamy, eas> to till, well drained and well aired, or it may be so puddled and mixed that it forms a slimy, plastic mass When wet and dries to a consistency of concrete. In both cases the me chanical analysis might show' almost identical texiuro, but mere inspec tion would show a vast difference m the arrangement of soil grains, the structure. The first soil would he seen to consist of a lot of clay peb bles or grains, eacn made up of thou sands of much more minute indivi dual grains. Each compound grain is in itself minutely porous; while be tween it and its surrounding granules large pore spaces exist. The second soil is made up of a mass of minute grains so evenly distributed that no large pore spaces intervene, and only the most minute openings exist in the soil. The first soil is in good condi tion, suited to crop production, easy to till, productive. The second is quite often barren and unproductive. With the same chemical composition and the same texture, but with such a difference in structure, the first soil forms a fertile, productive field; the second forms a barren waste fit only to support weeds or to furnish clay for brickmaking. —Tribune Farmer. GET THE CALF STARTED RIGHT. It is worth while to get the calf started right. Everything depends upon it, so it will not lose a daj In gaining. I would select a high grade Short horn or Hereford calf, bred from a registered bull of the beef type. Feed the cow ccrn and cob meal with bran mixed, and a little oil meal, the clover hay the cow wants. The cow should be milked while the raT is young, as she will give more milk than the calf will take at first. As soon as the ca’f wil take all the m.ik, let it have it. Continue to feed the cow all she will eat clean. The calf will soon learn to eat. It should be fed seme grain Just as soon as it can be encouraged to eat. A mixture con sisting of one-half w-hole oats, one qiiarte," bran, and one-quarter shelled corn in very satisfactory for a young calf receiving milk. The whole grain is always fresh, while the ground grain is sometimes tainted and musty. Grain feeding before weaning not only saves milk, but it lessens the shrinkage which is likely to follow. I thiik no single food is more satis factory to supplement milk for a growing calf than whole L'a.s. >Vaen the calt ;s six months old, it should be weaned. Continue to feed well of the mixture mentioned above. Give it access to salt and fresh water. This feed and care should continue until the calf is about months old when it should welgn from 1.200 tc 1.500 pounds, and will be a fin* beel aaima,—M. A. in Indiana Farmer. DRAINING THE WET SPOTS. The business man is constantly go ing through his factory or store look ing for places where there is a leak or where he can utilize space or ma terial to better advantage than be fore. It seem* almost impossible tc induce farmers to work along similai lines, yet there are hundreds ol farms through the country that need just this attention. We arc all fa/ miliar with the man who will scat ter his operations over many acres far from his home and barns when right close by there may be a few acres which would yield him enor mous returns if properly prepared. The low spots which might be mad exceedingly fertile are most often neglected. Frequently a few furrows struck just right will provide all the drainage necessary to make a place for celery which would bring in large returns. Instead cf reclaiming this valuable strip of ground the aN or age farmer with many acres either pays no attention to it or turns the swine on it to wallow. Possibly such a strip of ground ban remained uncultivated for years, and is practically virgin soil, needing only a little time and expense to make it very valuable. A good time now to plan out what tc do with such places in early spring. —lndianapolis News. INDIGESTION IN SWINE. One of the symptoms of indiges tion in swine is their great desire to eat dirt, particularly if it be found in rather dry lumps. The way tne average hog is fed is oncugn to ina.se it a chronic dyspeptic, and flu re is little use in giving medicine to a hog that is suffering from indigestion. Bo gin at the root of the trouble and furnish variety in the food. kee that there is some green matter in the shape of vegetables fed daily; in the season when it can be reached give the swine some old sod to gnaw at. Put considerable salt in the food; the eating of the dry dirt is an indication of the craving for salt. Try some dried blood meal in the slop and also mix lime water with the slop Irom time to time. A fair amount of va riety, coupled with considerable green food, will do more to keep the digestive organs in good condition than anything else. —Indianapolis News. CHAR THE CORN. Once or twice a week char a few ears of corn in the fire and feed to the fowls. They relish it and it help? to keep them in good condition. It takes the place of charcoal to a cer tain extent, which all poultrymcn know is excellent for fowls. Slippery Seats and Love. “Have you ever noticed how slip pery those cane covered seats In some of the trolley cars are? asked a friend of mine today. “The carpet, covered seats and the wooden ones are all right, but those can-coverea affairs certainly keep you a guessing The minute you sit down you put out your hand, almost instinctively, tc keep from slipping off. If you arc sitting next to a pretty girl you wil: surely drift toward her. and she, pool thing, cannot avoid yon. 1 was going up to Troy last night and a young couple got on the car near the Union Station. Of course they wanted to sit as close to each other as possible, but they had a groat deal of trouble in doing so. He kept slipping toward the motorman and she kept sliding toward the conductor. Every few minutes he would “move forward" to regain his seat, by her side. She blushed every time ho attempted to drift back to her and the passengers had a great deal of amusement al their expense. They had taken ihei* seat near the center of the car whei they go on, but by the time we got tc Watervliet they were both down ic the corner near the conductor.’ Al bany Journal. Blind to Chances. It is a dangerous thing to wait for opportunities until it becomes a habit. Benergy and inclination for hard work ooze out in the waiting. Opportunity becomes invisible 'o those who are doing nothing, or luck ing somewhere else for it. It is the great worker, the man who is alert for chances that sees them. Some people become so opportunity blind that they cannot see “hances anywhere —they would pass a gold mine without noticing anything precious—while others will find op portunities in the movt barren and out of the way places. Runyan found opportunity in Bedford jail to write the greatest allegory in the world on the untwisted paper that had been used to cork his bottles of milk. A Theodore Parker or a Lucy Stone sees an opportunity lo go to college in a chance to pick berries. One boy sees an opening to his ambition in a chance to chop wood, wait on table, or run errands, where another sees no chance at all. One sees an opportun ity to get an education in the odds and ends of time, evenings and half holidays, Which another throws away. —Orison Swett Marden in Success Magazine. Prof. William Smart, the political economist, sars that if British wealth were divided equally each person would receive £195.48 a year, or ?3.62 a week. The peninsula of Arabia has an area of some 1,?00 4 000 square, miles.