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The sea coast echo. [volume] (Bay Saint Louis, Miss.) 1892-current, October 07, 1905, Image 2

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THE SEA COAST ECHO.
CHAS 0- MOREAU.
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
In the beginning the woman sits
down and waits for her husband: in
the end the sits up and waits for him,
remarks Life,
President Hadley, of Yale, thinks
that too much dependence on laws is a
form of degeneracy. It may be, but
It is not a form that is likely to harm
the American race to any appreciable
extent for some time to come.
The Cincinnati Enquirer says;
“There are many solemn animadver
sions on the brevity of human life.
They are misplaced and inappropriate.
Life Is long enough. All the wisdom
and generosity of nature could no
produce stomachs that would stand tin
pressure of a longer one.”
The wrecking of the Philadelphia
bank by lending lar • sums on form’d
collateral Illustrate-: the ril to which
every bank is expose 1 and suggests
rigorous and frequ t examinations of
assets, declares the Baltimore Sun.
Directors need, it teems, to take their
duties more seriously. If deposits and
loans are all that they arc represented
to be, it will harm nobody to verify the
fact at short intervals. It is neglect
of obviously necessary precautions
that, as a rule, puts banks and trust
companies in the hands of receivers.
There is a growing tendency in
American politics towards lengthening
Hie term of service of executive offi
cers. both in Slat l an ! municipal af
fairs, observes the Portland Oregonian.
The doctrine of principal of rotation
In office was once supposed to be the
bulwark of representative government.
That idea has in a great measure been
dispelled. The public office is more of
a public trust than it was in the days
when the victor captured the spoils
without restriction of civil-service
rules. Conditions l ave changed. The
complex problems of State and munici
pal life call for e: p- rt assistance of a
high class. Hence it is that the terms
of executive service are being length
ened and well-prov. n ability is pro
tected in subordinate places in govern
ment.
Forest fires in this country cost more
than sjr,uoo,fibi) annually, states the
New Yury Tribune. It is a kind of
loss whb h is particularly grievious,
because it takes many years of nature’s
deliberate processes of growth to re
store it. A good deal of this destruc
tion might he avoided if proper pre
cautions were taken. Germany and
France do not suffer appreciably from
forest fires, because they have strict
fores! ry laws and obey them. Here
the general government can do little,
except on its own preserves. The work
of protection is thus left to the States,
mid it is not so thoroughly done as the
urgency of the case calls for. Probably
there is increasing efficiency in this
direction year by year, but it leaves the
average of loss much greater than it
ought to )>c, and in marked contrast
with that of countries which have
really efficient forestry laws and live
\ip to them.
Not a Bargain.
When I was campaigning one fall
down in the Sunny Southland, where
the air is freighted with the fragrance
of the orange and the fig, I spent an
afternoon and evening in the beauti
ful little town of Lonipo.
Attorney Samuel M. Shrotridge was
talking, and before bo got to the frag
rance of the orange and the fig his
expressive forefinger was in full
swing.
"Tied to a post in front of the wa
tering Dough on the main street,”
continued Mr. Shortiilge bringing his
eloquent left hand into full play, “was
a saddle horse, saddled and I "bridled,
with a piece of pa; r tied to his fore
lock to indicate th.it he was for sale.
“ ‘How much for the horse?’ asked
the fellow who con lu ‘tod the general
merchandise store and who was
known as a sharp truler.
“ ‘Sixty-five dollar said her own
er.
“ ‘lncluding th? raddle and bridle?’
“ Must as he stands, tied to the
post.’
“ ‘How much for the horse without
die saddle and brb i'?’
“ ‘Fifty-five dollar /
“‘What!’ exclai.cl the country
merchant with am a. ’ neat. ‘Fifty-five
iollars just for an empty horse?’ ”
tan Francisco Cb"onic ! e.
In a Glacs House.
“If there is one thing more than
another that makes rac wild,” said a
member of Hu*. Mutual Improvement
Club to a friend, ’ it is to have that
Potter woman correct me when I just
make a slip of the tongue. Did you
hear her say in that supercilious way
of hers. ‘My dear. I’m sure you
couldn't have meant that they had
music “between c.v h number”—you
meant between every two numbers;’
and every one near as heard what she
said, the eat!”
“Oh, I shouldn’t r ’ and her,” said the
other woman. eas‘ ! : - . “If you want
revenge, just look at her with one of
those short-waisted. pudgy daughters
on either side at th ' assembly, and
not a man on the horizon.”
“M-m!” said the aggrieved one.
“Yes, she does look funny; but. my
dear, did you rca! re you said ‘on
either side,’ instead tu ’on each side?’
Of course, if they were on either side
they’d—well, they couldn’t be. you
see! I knew r you wouldn’t mind having
me speak of it, for I’ve noticed you
make that little error occasionally,
and it’s so easy to forrq a habit.” —
jfouth’s Companion.
s*-'® Grabbing Dollars ow *S
J /s Compared to <r
1 Pract the |
1 industrial Arts t
(Address to the alumni j
Jindrew Carnegie. of the Stevens Institute of Technology.)
<?(-******** * HAVE been looking at you and I say that there was a great
'j * contrast between this audience and other audiences v, e
* _ * might meet, such, perhaps, as men engaged in stock specu
* a lation.
* I congratulate you that you have taken a profession for
iS. *:* your future, a profession in which, perhaps, you will not
-r ——* make fortunes easily. That may be the reason wb> >our
•}********-:• president has found it difficult to raise all the mom vhe
wants. You are doing higher things than grabbing debars
* lave something which the mere money maker never can possess, and mer
eif :b . can never understand the loss of —you have education.
x well known American citizens were sitting around a table in a ho
< : “1 ir. V rope recently, and while one of them was estimating the amount of
tv- . possessed by an American whom I might call Mr. Rich broker, another
niiually dissenting, and at last said: “He doesn’t own a million dollars.
The collars own him.”
o differep.ee with you is that knowledge does not possess you. but you
t::r. ’he treasure and own it. No matter whether you die worth millions or
;•! ■ ; ii have something that is denied to the man immersed in the accumu
{■ ;< aof wealth. In your professions you deal with eternal verities, there
no sueh thing as deception in the materials or the laws you use. Two and
1 v : ahe four. There is no scheming to deceive others, no smartness, no
e'ic:
You have to walk straight to the line of truth and honor or you will fall
•’ wn. Self-resja ct is more than millions, and if you lose that, everything else
v. : '.! t -s. When a man’s judge within, his own soul, approves when he
(’own at night of all that he has done during the day he has no other
id."- to fear, here or hereafter. But if he does not have self-approval very
t-. ng else is dross.
ftl m . ihi professional life leads men to the higher life that it is most diffi
cult to obtain in a mere speculative career. The world is not advanced by (he
in : i that large department of business which is mere gambling in stocks.
TV ;o parasites, feeding on business. If I had a son to educate I should
eh for him a professional career such us you have chosen.
How Our
■A. Maurice Low. 3 S UCCOOd
HE American Consul is sul generis. He is made a consul
without previous training or experience, frequently without
g || a rudimentary knowledge of the language of the country in
ft | I which he resides. From the editorial chair, the lawyer’s of
n § h fee or the political ranks he is transferred to the Consulate;
9 more often than not without the least knowledge of a con-
JL sul’s duties, without the slightest acquaintance with interna
lional or commercial law; as densely ignorant of the history
and manners and customs of the people among whom he
live.- a.-; they are of the idiosyncrasies of the American mind.
Now, if theories were always as stubborn as facts, the American consul
ouvlg io be a colossal failure, utterly worthless to his government and not of
; be . iighlt st use to commerce, and candor compels me to say that a few years
J. go bbs description accurately fitted him. There were exceptions, of Course,
■'•or. always are exceptions; but they only prove the soundness of the rule,
i . most of them cio their work well. Perhaps the very fact that they have
, . vions training, that they come fresh from their own country, and every
■ hie they see appeals to them with the force and novelty that anew object
.. p lo Ihe child with an expanding mind and makes the same impression,
c r i reaps because unconsciously it is a case of the selection of the fittest and
t, - : who is shrewd and pushing enough to he able to capture a consulate
Ims tidies which distinguish him above his fellows —whatever the reason,
t. t t remains that these untried men are sent abroad and that they are
.i.ci.y alert to the demands made upon them.
They are always investigating, inquiring and wanting to know. They are
r. Tt i a;tent merely to send to the department perfunctory reports of official re
t:,ni , f imports and exports or mere tables of figures (although these as mat
f.ns of routine are not ignored), but they delve into obscure places, they coni
y... • and contrast, they offer their advice tind suggestions freely and the de
i.s. t mem allows them full scope. How much the consul’s report is “edited”
1 Tore it is made public, or how often it never is given publicity, no one, of
*v: rse, outside the department has any means of knowing, but the daily bulle
tin . ul containing these reports, which is given wide and gratuitous distrl
le-.ti ti st iher American consular corps is industrious and intelligent-
f? Plough Alining Camps
Disappearing nenT/. co Pe .
E\v things in the development of our country could be more
* £ striking than (he strides taken by mining within the last
•l> g tfy fpvv years. Contrast the Cripple Creek district of 1890, with
| its 40 square miles of ranch lands, or again, of 1891 or ISOJ
& ♦ with its thousands of prospect-holes and diminutive dumps
on one skle - w kh the Picture of today, with its many mines
❖ f almost entirely consolidated in 14 great companies with its
t 50,000 settled population, its dignified city and it produc
tion, in spite of the terrific labor struggle, of nearly $12,000,-
pi(. vuth of gold in 1903, while the production for 1904 is estimated at $23,-
contrast the conditions when the miner trudged up Bull hill from
hi 1 ' <. Mn carrying his tools, groped his way down his rude ladders and picked
a w_ r _t his own little mine, with the conditions today, when he goes to his
uori- on an electric car, descends the mine in an electric hoist, works by elec
i!.‘< j.ght, drills with electric air-compressors and liros his shot hy electricity
from* an electric switchboard remote from the scene of his tamping. Set the
’ (it-iji and hand sledge beside the air-drill, and the miner’s candlestick bo
u ,he arc-light. Contrast tlie miner in that district who, 10 year? ago.
(ouh, not handle with any profit an ore that ran under SIOO per ton with the
~ ,51'c n f todav, which by chlorination and cyanide plants make a margin on
$ o c, es. Contrast the individual workings scattered over Anaconda Hill.
„ ;n 4utto. with tin pres nt impressive sight of the immense steel gallows
tra in,;, smokestacks and oncentrators of (ho seven groat companies eniploy
jn.; y.-.-.p luen <, ut . company having nearly 4000 men —and producing annually
uu ly ifty millions of wealth. —The World Today.
. . Methods . .
\ That . Pain . Rations !
\ By Bishop Mackay Smith.
, i(j7 principles of Christianity are, in their last analysis, sim
-1 ply the principles of fair play. They arc founded on the
3 j conviction that that which hinders the progress of the
1 world, in the long run, is human greed and human selfish
mss. generally in some subtle form which, for the bettor
& 2 1 deception of humanity, clothes itself in fine names, and pop
ularly passes by a splendid title. Look at the greatest mon
£ o__ o p o iy which one can use for illustration, that by
which one of the most useful discoveries of
I'.'.i’ last ccmurv, and one obviously intended by I lovidence for
t; e benefit (f the country at large, has passed into a few selfish hands,
Car h unscrupulous manipulation, viz., the control of mineral oil. Men may,
I defend the series of tricks by which the control of this great gift of
p as fallen into the hands of a few billionaires. They may say it is a
ivward of cleve-ncss. and that the quality of the article, as well as its
have inured, in \he end, to the advantage of the public. Such how
ever 's all in vhin, for it can be met and answered by the simple statement
tin t the methods under observation are such as always, in the> long run, if
unc’ ecked, result in the ruin of nations. It was the habit of calling wrong
thins s 1 >• a geed name which brought the Empire of Rome to rottenness.
When Snake Venom is Harmless.
One of the most curious things
about serpent venom is that each
-u cias seems to be immune to its
own poison. If a snake is innoculated
•;* its own venom it remains unaf
’•<, * i. m. C. Phi sails, who has dene
-o • mh work on this subject, finds*
~ xnr •. ! mental evidence that this im
...l’.niiv is to be attributed to the pra
var< e *n ti e bltod of a free antitoxin.
This neutralizes the poison as H to in
troduced,
A Risky Voyage.
I css than 40 years ago North Riv
er steamers, only intended for river
navigation, mere eggshells when
thought of in connection with the
uncertain and immeasurable violence
of the sea. were navigated success
fully from ..ew York to Shanghai, by
way of Good Hope, and ran for years
a route of some seven hundred miles
upon that great river highway, the
Yangtsekaing, earning huge profits for
tlieir ownerS,—'BostOQ Herald,
ICHN PAUL JONES.
• r
* ’
U'liAT KKtiAUDKD AS THE M OST CHARACTERIS ITC AND LIIEJ
LIKE POKTHAIT OF COMMODORE JUNES.
SADY CHARM.
There .‘ire points of similarity Dc
:\vos n (he baby of bigidy civilized
jarentage and tiio offspring of the UD*-
utored savage* Doth of them ere We
ighted with toys or play with tiic
rattle* tinding much delight In the
sound. Nearly all peoples have dolls
for their babies, and in the museum at
Cairo there arc dolls exhibited which
i "* ,
■ m. ■ kl'.—
,re 7(i<)(i years old. Here is shown a
jaby eliarm carried by a childless mar
ked woman in Vecliualaland. it is al
nost similar to the baby rattle used
3y that savage tribe, and as a fetich
t is believed to have peculiar potency.
—New York Herald.
Stiinltr I>v tlie Farm Well.
A person with no knowledge of
dieniistry should not attempt to Judge
.valor purity. Water from the jnni
>er swamps of Virginia proved healthy
while numerous examples of clear,
•001, sparkling water contained most
langerous poisons. It may be as
sumed, however, that any water is tiu
tvholesome that contains decaying
natter, either vegetable or animal.
Tangible impurities, those that are un
sightly rather than dangerous, can be
Tiininatcd by chanoal or iron-stone
liters. These should be cleansed Ire
picnlly. But it is best not to tritie.
,'ontaniinatioii may occur after the
supply has been working perfectly,
jence wo speak of 1 1 1 0 lilter. I’uriti
•ation by any other method should he
* fleeted by one understauding cheni
stry. The ordinary farm wt !■ is be
:ween tlm kitelion sink spout and tlie
oigpen, and tlie avoll receives conta
gious matter until something happens,
men the family are consoled with as
mranees that it is the will ol the Lord.
-Country Life in An erica.
Tolerating tlie School.
The schools arc our natural enemies,
he oar and the bat our hereditary
frit nds and allies. But. after aM. one
•annot imagine an Oxford without its
schools; if there were nothing to make
She slacker do an occasional hour's
work and to spur the reading man on
to further efforts life up here would
be very drab. —Oxford arsity.
“Big Trank” McCoy, touted as (lie
ring of bank robbers, is ,1 ad.
IN THE PUBLIC EYE.
ks .
V
te§=fS v
*-- - :
PS. ;
. M iA £Ss &v>a.
COM MAN I >l.ll PRAUY.
He will sail in search of the North Pole in the staunch Maine-built vessel,
The Roosevelt.
A ROYAL MUMMY*
-
%r>-a
f ; r-'-
a£*aoa*ac -sanzx
B AMESES 111.
One of tlie greatest finds in tlie his
tory of archaeology was that of ti e
royal mummies of Egyptian kings in
issi. To conceal them from the hand
of the plunderer at a time when the
law was weak, they were removed
from the royal tombs to a rocky cleft
in the Libyan Mountains, where they
remained hidden until IS7d. Here they
were discovered by some fellaluii who
did a thriving business in the relics
found with them. After six years the
source of their precious tnasure was
found out. One of those mummies was
that of llnmeses HI., and whose well
preserved face Is soon in the picture
which was taken from his mummy ** •
in the Gizeh Museum.
TIIO Doctors at His Itcitsiite.
A physician has Just returned from
China, heavily laden with stories of
Chinese medicine.
“Medical consultations are cnrrhd to
their extreme limit in China,” he said.
“There, when any one becomes serious
ly ji ], ji consultation of fifteen or twen
ty doctors is held. Iho doctors fill tin*
house with th ir arguments. They
make ns much noise as a political con
vention. But such a consultation as
that would be considered small and ! 11-
tile if a great man—a mandarin, say,
of tlie third class—were to be ill. To
consult on his case at least a hundred
doctors would gather together.
“A member of tin* royal family was
taken sick while I was in China, and
my Chinese host told me with a good
deal of pride that tin* largest consulta
tion known to history had been held
over the sick man. No less than ”.1<
phvsicians. he said, had come from
every part of tlie kingdom to study
and discuss the case.
“The royal patient, I heard after
ward. died. This mammoth consulta
tion had been held in vain."—Phila
delphia Bulletin.
Omissions of Mi-tr*ry.
Jack Sprat h,d just informed bis
wife that be couldn t eat fat meat.
“I think you're Just as mean as you
can ltd” tearfully exclaimed Mrs.
Sprat. “You know I can cat no lean!
Boor little Tklo will get nothing but
the bones!”
But tin* unfeeling nusband, picking
U p the morning paper and becoming
absorbed in the details of the beef
trust investigation, paid no attention
jo her indignant protest.—Chicago
Tribune.
Km
...
CLOVEtI SILAGE.
I am thinking of filling a silo with
clover, but have not had much experi
ence in this section with clover as
silage- Will you please give me some
information about it, how to handle
and silo it. H. W. Sidling.
Two or three of our correspondents
gay they have siloed clover in the
usual way, cutting it a<* they cut corn
with the silage cutter. They began
cutting when the clover was in full
bloom and just before hardening. The
silage fed out well and kept in fine
condition and was very satisfactory.
The following is the experience of Mr.
Richard Attridge, of East Flamboro,
Ontario, Canada, given at a recent
Farmers Institute. He said;
“Early last Rummer I was convinced
that the season Was not likely to be
favorable to the growth Of corn, and 1
made up my mind to use clover as a
substitute for filing my silo. 1 made
what inquires I could/ but I was unable
to find anyone who count direct me.
Accordingly, 1 made up my mind ,n do
a little experimenting In ihis direction.
I waited till the clover was in full
bloom---4,i1l what some would consider
tho earliest cutting time, but when
others would believe was to early to
begin the clover harvest, t engaged
men and teams as 1 would few filling
with corn, and on the day appointed
waited tm the dew w r as off the ha> be
fore starting the mowing machine.
However, just about noon a heavy
show r er of rain came on, and nothing
was done till after dinner. The first
clover put into the silo was, theretote,
quite wet. This part, of the silage
when I began using was quite black
and useless; indeed, it was simpl > rna
aure. The next few' loads of clover
were much dryer, and this turned out
to be very good ensilage. In the mean
while the sun and wind had thoroughly
tried the standing clover. This was
cut and hauled at once to tho silo.
The ensilage resulting from this prov
ed to bo thoroughly sweet and good,
and desirable in every particular, hav
ing all the good points of good corn
ensilage. The cattle eat it greedily,
thrive well upon it, and it does not
taint the cow's milk. I may say that
I followed the usual methods of filling
a silo of corn. I cut it the usual length,
and had it well tramped in the silo." —
Indiana Farmer.
HANDLING COLTS.
In an address to the Canadian Horse
Breeders, Mr. Robt. Ness makes the
following suggestions on the subject
tu handling colts:
I have found in my experience to
halter a colt as soon as possible is the
easiest way to get it under control. I
think by haltering it when a few' days
old and getting it as soon as possible
in a {dosed place to begin to take
something more than its mother's
milk, by the time you wean it it will
take almost anything, and you will
have no trouble when you wean it.
The weaning of a foal should bo
done gradually, as it is well to have
the foal taught to eat all sorts of food
before removing it from the dam. and
it should be handled well and carefully
from its birth. If such be carried out
properly when weaning time has come,
which should be at five or six months,
confine the foal in a loose box in which
there is nothing to get entangled
amongest, and feed it on soft feed,
which you have already taught it to
eat. It is much better to separate
them entirely. In the meantime the
dam's diet should consist of ary food,
and it is well to put nor to work. The
milk should bo removed, but not milk
ed dry every time. When dry food !
and work the secretion of milk will
soon cease. From this time until the
foal becomes a yearling it should be
well fed, as a stunted foal never ma
tures properly, and more colts arc in
jured during the first six months by
too scanty a supply of food than by the
other extreme. As soon as the foal
la properly weaned it should have the
run of a good pasture, as there is no
food better than grass, no medicine
aa good as exercise, Ircsh air and sun
lignt!*
GOOD WORK IN HAY TIME.
The mower, tedder, hay loader and
all implements used in making hay
should have been made ready before
harvest time. All extra help needed
should be engaged so that work can be
rapidly pushed along. Having all
things ready you can commence work
with much encouragement.
Hired help is scarce at this time of
the year, so do not depend on hired
help alone. The farmer who has many
acres of grass to cut should have the
following implements: Mower, tedder,
rake, loader and hay fork cr slings.
This outfit will enable the farmer to
make a vast amount of hay in a short
space of time and much better hay
also. The tedder is a most valuable
implement, as It wall kick up acres of
grass in a very short time, which will
dry much faster than it otherwise
would.
First clear your meadow of all
stumps, stone and sprouts, or you may
break a sickle the first round you
undertake, and you will be out one day
at least. Have your mower In good
running order, with sickle ground very
sharp when needed. See that your
tedder is all right, as you cannot well
do without it; have your rake in good
working order.
So many farmers only mow' a small
patch at a time then stop to take it
up, making the work progress very
slowly. We like to cut several acres
at a time, if weather is favorable, then
with a good degree of push stay at our
job until it is put into the barn. While
is being put up the mower should
to kept going long enough to have
another field ready by the time the
first one la finished. —American Culti
vator.
TESTING CREAM.
Bulletin No. 104, of Purdue Univer
sity Experiment Station, by Prof. H.
E, Van Norman, on an “Alkali Test for
Ripeness of Cream,” jupt ♦sd, is
a very Interesting one, and may be had!
by writing the University at Lafayette,
Indiana. The method of this tost Is:
very simple and will be found very
interesting to dairymen. Prof. Van
Norman in the bulletin says of the
test:
•‘This test is particularly adapted to
creamery conditions. However, there
is no reason why the dairyman who is
making a considerable amount of but
ter, sufficient to justify the labor,
should not become familiar with this
test even though he may not use it
regularly. If he is supplying a critical
trade at a satisfactory price it is
desirable to use every moans to secure
uniformity of product.
During the ripening of cream the
milk sugar in it is converted Into lac
tic acid by bacteria. Tho
meat of the amount of acid developed
during the ripening is the nearest ap
proach wo have to a measure of the'
ripeness of the cream. For this pur
pose Mann’s acid tost and Farring -
ton’s alkali tost have been used with
marked success. Where either one ot
these tests are regularly used, it is
the almost universal experience that
the quality of me butter runs more uni
form, and loss fd fat in tho buttermilk
is less than vvhci' the maker depends
on his nose and his taste to determine
itio ripeness of tho cream.
We have used in the Dairy School
and the Station laboratory at Purdue,
for a year and a half past, :i slight
modification of tho tests on the mar
ket, which has simplified tho work ami
contributed to accuracy ol results*.— !u *
diana Farmer. •
MI SC BLL ANEOUS NOTES.
Hoots are very valuable in winter i*r>
feed to sheep, bogs, cows and event
horses and poultry. They carry sum
mcr’s succulence into winter, making
more appetizing and beneficial the dry
feeds of that season. Food Ircquently
fails to perform its function for ' vant
of proper digestion and assimilation.
Hoots fed In moderate quantities in
winter will always help to correct this.
If fed to cows or hofsts they should hj
pulped or sliced thinly to prevent all
danger of choking of nima. s.
Sand or coarse gravel is .absolutely
necessary to furnish poultry with in
winter, ill order to nmintiuil ***
health and thriftlness. In fact pofibry
cannot digest and assimilate
without the aid of the former. From
experience i have found that a larg<
number of deaths among poultry in
winter are directly due to the neglect
of furnishing them with enough sharp
sand and gravel at a time of the year
when they have to bo confined to facir
house on account of severe weal br
er. —Lewis Olsen in the Epltomlst. __
A SEED SOWER.
A good mpthod of sow ing such seed
as turnips, in tub absence of a dull is
to procure a halt pint bottle with a.
neck, and to insert a quill in the coik,
preferably from a heu feather. W hen
sowing the seed. Up the bottle at the
desired distance for each plant, and
three or four seed will tall out: i>
they germinate they should he thinned
to one plant at a place.— Eunice Watts
in the Epitomist. /
PERRY’S MISSION TO JAPAN. (
The President’s Letter in 1553 Court
ed Japan’s Friendship and Trade.
The letter which Commodore Perry
bore from our government to the Mi
kado asked for a mutual treaty. Tin
original instrument was drafted in.
May, 1851 , by Daniel Webster, thou
Secretary of State, and was signed by
President Fillmore. There it rested.
In November. 18. r *2, Mr. Webster’s suc
cessor, Edward Everett, fished it out
of the departmental pigeonholes, took
it to pieces and refashioned it. Three
copies were prepared and were sp.en
dldly engrossed in English, Dutch anti
Chinese. These were inclosed to--
gethcr in a sumptuous gold case; and,
to make the whole presentment still
more impressive to the Japanese
mind, the gold case was enshrined in
a colter of rosewood.
The document intrusted to Commo
dore Perry asked the Japanese court
two things, friendship and trade—first
and foremost, friendship, for the safe
ty of our seamen. Many a helpless
crew had been driven into their poii.3
by storm or wrecked on their rocky
coast, escaping the perils yf the deep
only to be welcomed by those trucu
lent silanders to a dungeon or a cage
on shore. This wrong must be stop
ped at all hazards. And if, in addi
tion, we could persuade Japan to en
ter into friendly relations of trade,
the two countries, by mutual inter
change of productions, might each
promote its own prosperity and rnq
welfare of the other. It was thought
that Orientals might sec that as well
as Yankees. In the end they did. But
it cannot ue said that Japan, any
more than an oyster, ever really
yearned to be “opened.”—From John
S. Sewell’s “With Perry in Japan” iu
the Century.
An Epicure.
The very vagabonds of Paris have
the patriarchal instinct, and the most
hoary and hardened reprobate of their
body is their "Father.” They call him
“Pere Lajoie.” This venerable person
has Just been arrested for vagrancy
for the fifty-eighth time, in the course
of a raid which swept twenty-eight
other good-for-nothings besides him
self into the police net. “Pere Lajoie”
would seem to have some traces of the
lightness of spirit suggested by his
name. He would rather go to prison
than to the French equivalent for a
workhouse, la the prison, be explain
ed, they know how to cook haricot
beans; in the pauper establishment
they do not. —London Globe.
Dowie has paid $400,000 in debts
and has bem discharged from bank
ruptcy.
The Czar has issued several re
scripts lately,

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