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LHE SLA IDAS I LIHO.
CHAS 0. MOREAU. EDITOB AND PBOPBIETOB. A MENACE IN IN-BREEDING. There is a menace in in-breeding if It Is carried too far. The most careful breeders of cattle, those that have in the past built up the great herds to which we refer as the foundation of our Im provements in cattle, realize this, and It was to them the most serums prob lem with which they had to contend. Fortunately animals Increase so fast that the time Is quickly reached when matings may be made between ani mals quite distantly related, though of the same blood.—Farmers’ Review. THE BARNS IN WINTER. Those who keep stock should see to It that their barns are so arranged that they can be kept comfortably warm during the winter. They should be sufficiently large to accommodate comfortaby, avoiding all overcrowd ing r- *ock that you keep, and In a. all this they shov well and ventilated, li tiling trranged that the pla> where ihe animals stand a some s tof drainage so that ), A ways be reasonably dry.—'We*. 1! SS. • ar ■ A GOOD OBJECT LESSON. Pro r >or Haecker, of the Minnesota Stall ays that they bad some cows that produced n pound of butter fop seven cents, while others In the same herd and on the same feed, care and management, cost sixteen and seven teen cents per pound of butter pro duced. Tills might be called a good object lesson. One who cannot be in fluenced to try’ for better cows in his herd by such a wide margin of differ ence is certainly a pretty stolid kind, of individual. And yet there are scores of dairy herds made up In part of these unprofitable cows. It Is chiefly a lack of the concrete knowledge of such con ditions that perpetuates tbem. As Governor Hoard would say In his pointed way of putting things, it is ig norance and stupidity that maintains such cow's in the dairy herd. Breed for better ones if you can’t buy them and stop tho awful waste of money. THE GARDEN. Has the garden been productive this year? If it has not done well the cause should be looked for. Perhaps it is not fertile enough, In which ease the remedy is obvious. It may be that it li too rich. That is a different matter, possible, though it must be confessed that it Is not often probable. Stable manure applied to excess year after year will bring about this result. This Is not likely to happen on a farm. The uses for manure are too many there. But. on a village lot, where a horse and perhaps a row are kept, the manure may be used too plentifully for the sake of saving it, like the man who oats everything on the table so as to prevent waste. The same result is to be expected in IkjlU cases. Better let the manure bo wasted than to have a dys peptic garden. A dressing of lime will in most cases be found a good medi cine. It may be applied at the rate of fifty bushels to tlie acre, cither in spring or fall.—National Fruit Grower. DO YOU KNOW? That the farm horse that is regularly groomed will always have better health and be capable of increased endurance over the one that is not. That tho fanner who "is satisfied with scrub stock is exactly like the one who can see no use in sending his children to school, as they both figure that im provement of any kind is of no value. That some flocks of common poultry pay a profit, but under the same con ditions the pure-breds would pay an in creased profit. That the horse is an animal worth the best of care, for w hen a farmer loses one his bank ac count generally suffers quite a little. That the successful stock raiser always shelters his animals from the storms and sees that their stomachs are taken good care of as well. That some farm ers make a fatal error by continually growing small crops of grass on laud that is naturally adapted for such a crop., when with a little effort it could be made to produce largo, if not enor mous. cro- sof hay. That a cow' test ing wo and five-tenths per cent. . milk Is an unpro anim. p, unless, of course, gives -xtraordinary amount .* in ilk.—'*' eck iy Wit ness. T IE BIG HEAVY DRAFT HORSE. We are inclined to think the big draft horse an American idea for largo size, b f the leading Shire horse sire* and \ e winners weigh over a ton and stand 17 hands or over. Our im port'd-• are buying larger and better etalifons at higher prices than ever before to suit the demand for big heavy draft stallions to breed big geldings for the market. Our city mar kets want big draft geldings, but the following from the English Live Stock Journal shows that Liverpool and Lon don have them still larger. Probably the question whether the height of a horse intended for heavy draught work In the cities is 10 h. 2 In., or oven half an inch short of that, rarely interferes with the making of a bargain in a fair provided the build is of a bloeky character, pasterns, well set. hoofs of a durable texture, and ac tion that is in every way free at walk or trot. At Liverpool, according to the report of the recent Cart Hors# Parade, tho required height for com mercial purposes was said to be 16 b. 2U 2 in., though mention is made of cer tain of the Corporation works’ prize winners at leading agricultural show's in the Midlands as having been quits 17 h. 3 ia.—lndiana Farmer, Fair Warning. Jle>n7 bad been so continuously and persistently naughty tihat, says the New Yor: World, his aunt, who had charge him in his mother’s abrence, did not Know what to do with him. In despair she said, weakly: “If jcti will not behave, I shah put you ne of auipa’s hen coops.” “Well.” said Henry, sturdily, “before you put me ia I want to tell you that I will not lay any eggs." WOMEN WAGE EARNERS. Over 5.000,00 of the women of the United States, are wage earners. About 2,000,000 of the number are em ployed In Industrial pursuits and nearly 1,000,000, most of them negres ees, are agricultural laborers. Tho clubwoman of the country have start ed a movement to secure a thorough Investigation into the conditions un der which working women earn their bread. Women In the United States do not do much of the heavy work performed by these in other countries. They do not harness themselves to carts, or told in bog pits, or carry hods here as they often do in Europe. Here and there may be found tho wives and daughters c r icrelgners who go into the field and pitch bay and grain as tney did at home. The agricultural work done by women in this country ia chiefly cbtton picking. It is the opinion cf Mr. Robert Hun ter, however, that a searching inquiry Into women’s pursuits In the L nfied States will reveal the exigence of a worse state of affairs than is gen erally suspected. Mu-~h of the work they do, he says, is extremely injur ious to their health, and the work done by mothers or women about to become mothers has especially deplor able consequences to the workers themselves and also to their offspring and to society. There are nearly 800.000 'married women, more than 800.000 widow's and about 03.000 di vorced women in the United States engaged in gainful occupation. Many of them hare young children who are much neglected while their mothers are away from home making the liv ing, Tnese children will largely con sbitvde the ignorant and criminal por tion of the next generation of citi zens. The need and propriety of legisla tion by the states regulating the con ditions cf the employment cf women, are now generally recognized, Mr. Hunter would go still farther and en tirely prohibit mothers with young cblkiron from working outside their homes. He would relieve married wo men from the necessity of outside work by sending drunken or lazy hus bands and fathers to penal institu tions!, where they would be compell ed to labor for the support of their families. Widows or women with dis abled husbands were educated and were old enough to help them. It would bo easy to cast ridicule upon Mr. Huflter's scheme or to brush it aside as “paternalistic” or ‘'socialistic,” and therefore unworthy of attention. It would be better and more profitable to look carefully info the facts and ascertain whether the remedy lie proposes or any remedy the lawmaker can apply is needed to deal with a growing evil. —Chicago Tribune. TO MAKE SACHETS. To make a bureau satchel, take two pieces of light-weight silk or liberty satin exactly the size of the bureau drawer. Lay between them two thin layers of cotton batting, thickly now dersd with the following ingredients, which must be well pounded togeth er in a mortar: Quarter pound coriander seeds, quarter pound rose leaves, quarter pound aromatic calamus, quarter pound orris root, two ounces lavender blossoms, half ounce mace, half ounce cinnamon, quarter bunco cloves, two drams musk. Stitch tho edges of the silk careful ly together to prevent the powder from sifting with tiny little rosettes of baby ribbon and border the edge with a narrow ruffle of French lace, or an applique of heavy color lace. These sachets are made to suit the color scheme cf the room in which they are to be used and make very attractive and useful gifts for a bride elect. A cloe imitation of violet perfume for dress sachets is made by mixing taether and then carefully powdering in a mortar the following; Twelve drops of oil or rhodium on two blocks of cut sugar, and two ounces of pulverized orris root. If a rose perfume Is preferred use more of the oil of rhodium. Make small flat bags out of taffeta ribbon about four Inches in width and six Inches in length and place the powder between very thin layers of cotton batting inside the bag. Sew the open end carefully. Make a bow from three quarters of a yard of the game ribbon and attach it at the ex treme end of each loop to the upper two of tho long ends of the bag, al lowing the rest of tho bow to fall loosely. The idea is to have the flat sachet bag fit snugly between the cor set and corset cover to have the bow fall over the outside of the corset cov er and show through the sheer llngrle waist. ECONOMY OF PONGEES. A young woman who has to make hr'a-slf look presentable on a very small sum of money, and who. to her credit be it said, does it so thoroughly that a stranger would suppose she was able to spend three times as much on her clothes as they actually cost, says: “I am using pongees largely for my shirtwaist material, and while it Is expensive in the first place, I find It economical in the long run. For general wear pongee In the nat ural color is very satisfactory, says the Indianapolis News. Because it Is somewhat colorless and needs bright ening. I have collars and sometimes belts of sky blue, or scarlet cr a pret ty green. The waists, except those for the very best wear are made to be washable and pongee of a good qual ity washes as wed as linen. It is act ually hard to wear it cut, and though I am usually denied the luxury of giving away clo’hes, I have been able recent’y to bestow on a young girl come whet s’ighter in figure than my. eelf a poageo gown out cf which I had between two and three years' steady wear, and which was yet good enough to be a boon to the girl, who received it thankfully. This gown was trimmed with narrow blue velvet rib bon and after it was given up was freshened up by its new owner with new velvet and a lace yoke, so that it looked almost like anew gown. A DUCHESS' ROSE GARDEN. The great interest the Duchess of Argyll has taken in the new rose gardens at Windsor is the outcome of her intense love of flowers, and she often makes valuable suggestions as to the grouping of tire different sorts, the succession of the times of bloom, soil and so on. which are based on her own experiences with her rosery in the grounds of Roseneath Castle. Queen Alexander is also devoted to flowers and is said to love white roses, lilies and violets best. Her pleasure in them is not limited to mere -walks in the garden or admira tion of the blooms gathered by the gardeners for decoration. Among oth er royal ladies who find charm and solace in flowers is the Empress Eugenie, who in the palmy days of her splendor used often to be called “the Empress of Flowers.” She would stop her carriage at the Mad dine steps in Paris, where the flower mar ket is held, and getting down, would pick her way among the market wo men’s baskets, piling the front seat of the carriage high with lilies and violets. Flowers have since consoled her in the sadness and solitude of her life in exile, for they are friends which never change. THE VALENTINE SKIRT. The now suspender skirt is a nrin cesse skirt with shoulder straps, hese skirts and straps are made of thin cloths (all cloths arc thin, if thoy are fashionable), silks and even vel vet. At their smartest they arc of velvet, and are -worn with lace or mousscline waists. In one of bronze green taffeta the skirt flares into great width an 1 is tffmmod, beloV knee high, with a wide pi l IT. Only a woman of excellent proportions can. wear such a skirt, for its line sil heutte the figure in its most trying part, the girls call the suspender skirt of the fall the valentine skirt. THE HOME ATMOSPHERE. To create and sustain-the atmos phere of a home —it is easily said in a very few words; but hew many wo men can say to then? 'Me or others that this is their aim? To keep house well women often say they desire. But keeping home well is soother af fair. * * * Into the borne she will create monotony, stupidity, antagon isms, can not come. Her foresight will provide occupations and amuse ments; her loving and alert diplomacy will fend off disputes. —H. H. i;i the Indianapolis News. WHY CHILDREN ARE BAD. Because they are hungry and thirsty. Because they have been given per nicious cheap sweets. Because they have not had proper sleep. Because their clothing is not com fortable.. Because the room in which they sleep or play is stuffy and ill aired. Because their parents break prom ises to them and buy them off whh bribes. Because they arc brought up on a negative diet of continual “No, no. no,” instead of an occasional good, hearty “Yes.” —Chicago Journal. ■ . FASHION NOTES. Never was underwear so dainty nor so cheap. The heavy Italian Valen ciennes is so satisfactory. It would really pay to take a few lessons in tying bows. Ribbon bows furbish up costumes wonderfully. The three chief stones of the sea son are turquoise, amethyst and the lighter sapphires. This is true of the imitation gems as well. Rcnnaissance lace is very much used for both cloaks and gowns. And truly there could be nothing simpler and handsomer than this. Butterfly hows in pale ribbons are correct, for night dresses and every maid should have a box of bows for all sorts of occasions, as knots and loops and ribbon bands are a neces sity in these beauty-loving days. One very handsome French coat, was made with lace, circular rubles of chiffon, buttons and handsome em broidery, through which glistened from underneath a delicate green satin. The inner lining was of bro cade. Among the lace accessories are sists of collars and cuffs cf daintiest embroidery. The collars are made with round yokes and deep cuffs. Another pretty set is made with a small round yoke for the collar and deep cuffs; the material is organdie, with edging and insertion of Irish lace. A1 bat roes cotton crepe and Inex pensive veiling, as well as the pretty cheap flowered cctton and wool chal lies, make charming negligees with trVtming? of colored ribbon and lace. The thin materials may be lined with a color to make them warmer or may be left unlined. Inexpensive flowered India silks which are sold at bargain price at the end of the summer are good enough for tea gowns when at tractively made and trimmed. Money in Pidgcons. At the audtion at the poultry show at Belle Vue, sensible, and even cure persons were contending with one an other to give thirty, forty and fifty pounds for a j-idgeon. An Urmston gentleman said he hid paid seventy five pounds for a bird of the Dragon variety, and in three years he dis posed of progeny from it for a hun dred and fifty pounds, and then sold tho parent for forty-five pounds. Seed Improvement. To scientific methods adopted in seed growing is to e attributed much of the Improvement accomplished in many economic plants, the most careful se lection being made from year to year of the mother plants for the next crop. This is true not only of truck and field crops, but also of flowers. • It Is in California that most of the flower seeds are produced, including the bulk of the petunias, verbenas, nasturtiums and sweet peas. In moat European countries there are seed control stations, so called, at Which seeds are tested by simple, yet Interesting methods, the work of sprouting them being done mainly by girls. There arc forty such sta tions in Germany, where they have created such a sentiment in favor of pure seeds, as opposed to the adulter ated stuff, containing more or less weed seeds, commonly sold, that the best dealers are glad to submit sam ples of their merchandise for proof of quality, guarantees of which are re turned by the station after examina tion and trial. The Department of Agriculture is anxious to establish a similar system of seed control in this country’, if con gress can be persuaded to enact the requisite legislation. —American Culti vator. Preparing Corn Land. Tho following is a plan which we have found to put most land in ex cellent condition: We use only two tools —a disk harrow and a plank drag. The disk Is set to cut about its full depth, and the furrows are lapped, so that the land will be left level, disk twice, trying, as far as practica ble on our hilly lands, to run the sec ond time at right angles to the course followed the first time. We then finish up with the drag, which leaves the land smooth and in fine shape for drilling. By this plan most of the stalks will be thrown out of the earth by the disk, and the drag will break down any that are left. The most seri ous objection to the disk is that it leaves a sort of gutter around each cornshock, which the drag will not al ways fill up. To obviate this and the turning around the shocks, some farmers bring the corn from sixteen rows on each side to make a row of shocks. The shocks arc thus neces sarily" made very close together In the row, and the row is left until the corn is hauled off, when twice through with the drill will seed this strip. The ex tra labor in the corn-cutting, however, seems to me to more than make up for that saved in preparing and seeding the land. A sprlngtooth harrow might be made to answer Instead of a disk on corn land; but we have found drag harrows very unsatisfactory, as they will bo continually dragging up the cornstalks and othe rtrash. The plank drag Is, 1 think, far preferable to the roller for use on such land, as it smooths down and fills up any ridges and depressions much belter than nny T roller could. —Country Gentleman. Keeping the Weight. Not unusually" do animals weigh less In the spring than they do the fall before, when they were turned into winter quarters. The dry, bulky food given with cut grain fails to maintain the weight of the animal. Usually sud den chances are made in the fall from grass to fodder. Tho animals will not take kindly to such sudden changes, hence a failure to eat results in a shrinkage in their weight that is very hard to regain with bulky winter foods. Corn fodder alone, whether shredded or not, does not maintain the weight of an animal in good flesh. While it is a forage worth saving, it does not fully answer. Sheep will lose when given fodder alone. Wheat or rye straw will carry cattle through the winter, but their live weight is greatly" diminished, especially where they are in good flesh when turned on straw. Timothy hay does not maintain the weight. Even where the best of clover hay is used for roughage, grain is need ed to make the animal grow. If a profit is to be realized In win ter feeding, the animals must increase and not decrease in weight. A gradual change from grass to dry forage will prevent tho first shrinkage in live weight. The feed should consist of at least a small amount of grain, even with the best forage. Then do not give fodder as the only bulky food. Give all the variety possible. An occasional feed of clover hay, sorghum forage, cowpea hay" or timothy hay along with the corn fodder will not only" sharpen the appetite of the animals, but will cause them to clean up their fodder better than where they are compelled to live on the corn fodder alone. —W. B. Anderson, in the Indianapolis News. Feeding a Horse. We go to France for good horses, and following is something from the Petit Journal Agricole of France, on how to feed good horses. Three meals are necessary and sufficient, with an inter val of four or five hours between, to keep a horse in good condition. Oats take at least two hours to digest, hay takes three hours, and because it Lakes so long to digest it should be given when the clay’s work is over. The evening meal should boa full meal, the animal being then at rest and able to digest its food at leisure. There should be an interval of half an hour be tween the return of the horse to the stable and his getting his evening meal. Too much food at a meal or too long abstinence between meals, followed by voracious feedings. Is conducive to colic and indigestion. Irregularly fed, he is given to showing his Impatience by letting his hoofs play about the woodwork of his stall. Giving “refresh ers” at odd times is also bad. Remem ber that both stomach and bladder should never be loaded in work time, whether light or heavy work is done. A horse, therefore, should not be ridden or driven immediately after a meal, on the same principle that it ought not to be fed sooner than half an hour af ter work is over. Between one end of the year and another a horse con sumes an amount of dry heating food which calls for a special regimen to neutralize the excessive proteid con sumption that has taken place. Thus in autumn a ration of carrots given be fore the evening meal of oats is good, and so in spring, at the fall of the win ter coat, a little green meat is bene ficial, mixed with hay and oats, for the evening meal. Another maxim much disregarded in practice is that thi horse should be watered long before being put to work, and then very spar ingly.—American Cultivator. The Making of Prize Cattle. The university cattle which won third prize at the fat stock show in Pittsburg in competition with the world, were the last of six carloads purchased three years ago for the pur pose of determining the influence of age upon the cost of beef production which the experiment station is con ducting in co-operation with the Fed eral Department of Agriculture. One-third of the original bunch of cattle was finished as yearlings, and topped the Chicago market for the year. The second third was finished as two-year-olds, and also topped the Chicago market for the year. The third portion of these cattle won third place, as stated above, and topped the Pitts burg market for heavy cattle, bring ing $7.10 per hundred, the next best load of heavy cattle bring $0.50. They were high-grade Herefords, purchased in the neighborhood of Co lumbia. In the meantime the experiment sta tion has in the same experiment ma tured one bunch of yearlings Angus' and a bunch of yearling Shorthorns They now have on feed 00 Shorthorns, with a view to covering the same ground, with a different breed. In addition to the test of the influ ence of age upon the rate of cost of gain, these cattle were divided into lots of eight each and fed different grain ra tions on pasture, one group receiving shelled corn alone, another one-fourth cottonseed meal and three-fourths shelled corn, another one-fourth lin seed meal and three-fourths shelled corn, another one-fourth gluten meal and three-fourths shelled corn, all having access to equally good grass. In the case of the yearlings and two year-olds a more rapid gain, and as a rule a cheaper gain, was made on the mixed feeds than on corn alone. It is also true that in every case the young er cattle receiving mixed feeds became latter, carried a better bloom, and were from every point of view more mar ketable. In the case of the thrce-ycar-old oi the mature cattle, however, the differ ence in the rate and economy of gain between straight corn and mixed feeds was almost inappreciable, and there was not a marked difference in the fat ness of the different groups.—H. J. Waters, Dean of Missouri Agricultural College, in Horae and Farm. Facts About Ashes. The use of wood ashes for fertilizing purposes is among the oldest of ration- \ al agricultural practices. The disap- ; pearance of forests and the substitu- | tion of coal as fuel have reduced the commercial importance of ashes tc comparative insignificance. Notwith standing these recognized facts, there | is hardly a subject related to the fer- j tilizlng of crops so surrounded by er ror as the often accepted belief in the superiority of ashes over all substi- | tutes. The real value of ashes is sc ; great that harm only can come troni the exaggerated and erroneous concept tions of those persistent advocates They are found farmers and specialists in many sections, as wide ly separated in surrnundsing and practice as at the nursery men of New York and the pineapple growers of Florida. These two classes of agriculturists are 1 among the most intelligent of all crop producers, yet I recall one of the for- ! raer who took great pains to colled thousands of bushels of ashes, which he used on the supposition that they contained at least 5 percent of actual potash, only to learn, after they had been applied to his trees that they real ly contained about one-half of 1 per cent. One of the latter class of con sumers applied many tons to his plan tation, under the impression that he was using 40 percent of potash, through a misinterpretation of a com plicated analysis, later to learn that j his expensive alleged hardwood ashes contained about 3 percent of the ma- j terial for which they were purchased , There must be some reason beside in- j cidental ignorance for the practice ol these men. The belief In ashes is founded on real value. The error re sults from a misunderstanding of facts There seem to be two errors in be lief, which are chiefly responsible foi common mistakes in the use of ashes First, is the supposition that the pot-, ash in ashes is in better form than that from other sources; second, that the constituents of ashes, having al ready existed in plants, possess some direct and special adaptation to the requirements of plants. The facts are, that the benefits from the use of ashes, and they are great are due in only a comparatively smak degree to the potash they contain. The amount of this constituent is usually small, and may be secured more eco nomically from other sources.—-Home and Farm. Phonograph as Salesman. An enterprising German has patent tened a device for fitting phonograph; to doors. As the customer enters th. door of a shop, a voice will call out “Flour is cheaper today;” “New cor signment of special quality mine meat just received; try some,” am similar invitations. _ . SALSIFY. Salsify is like the parsnip in one respect It is improved by 'reeling. The roots that .ire intended for winter nse should be left out as long as is safe, then stored in sand in the cellar There is a difference between roots that have been tempered by the frost and those that have not been, Roots that are wanted for spring use are left out .11 winter. Another way of treat lug the - jts Is tc cord them up in small on the grnmd and covet slightly. The roots will be kept moist and will freeze and thaw with the weather. If the pile is covered with* straw or matting on the r-pproach of severe cold weathe-, It will be acces sible during ue winter. Parsnips can be kept in a similar maunev—.Nation al Fruit Growe~. HARVESTING AND MARKETING. Although a large proportion of the cherry crop Is pulled from the trees upon the stems, from the fact that with many varieties this results iu the breaking off of the ends of the fruit spurs, the plan of clipping the fruit with shears is preferred by many. The fruit stalks are severed about in tlie centre and with a little practice it can be done very rapidly. Another plan that answers fairly well, for home use or private customers when the fruit is to be used at once for cook ing, is to wait until the fruit Is ripe and then pull it off from the stems, which are left upon the trees. If the fruit is free from rot. It can 0e gathered in this way by Inexeperl enced pickers and the saving In the cost of harvesting will often equal the extra quantity of fruit required to make a bushel.—-National Fruit Grower, ■■ ■ i FOREIGN VARIETIES. Occasionally the foreign varieties of strawberries nr. merh-oned. Some of these, more particularly the French varieties, possess a better flavor than those which have originated this side of the Atlantic. Sometimes they are recommended for the garden. Those who are willing to do a little experi menting might do verse than try to grow French strawberries, but those who try it should i e prepared for dis appointment. These berries are the result of a high development, which means that they are somewhat par ticular about the way in wh ch thej are treated. Rut those who are willing to give them extra care may succeed with them ;’n the garden. To rais< berries of a variety like the Loul< Gautier is reward for many disap pointments, 'or the man who np predates whet is best In the qucee of fruits.—National Fruif Grower. ■ I— PLANTS IN THE WINTER. In placing plants for the winter sea son try to get a window with a south easterly exposure, where they will al ways have plenty of light and most of the morning sun, and put them about six inches from the glass, so that dur ing the severe weather they will not be close enough to the glass to become nipped, says the New York Telegram. Oji especially bitter days a piece of pa per around them might protect them and prevent a chill that would retard the growth. If a plant should be frozen the best treatment is ice water applied with industry continuously from twen ty to thirty minutes, when it should be wrapped in n heavy cloth previously wrung through cold water and put in a cold dark room, preferably the cellar or an outdoor shed, where It can bo laid on the ground. Little by little the cloth is made warmer and the plant is allowed more light, so that at the end of a week it should have entirely re covered and be ready to resume its natural course of living. Yellow leaves or dead ones should be removed so that they will not sap the life of the plant. Cut them off with a sharp knife, giving the Instrument a quick upward movement that will re sult iu a clean cut. ROSE CULTrtIH. - . - Prepare beds, trenches or holes by deeply digging, and well mix well rotted manure in the soli that it may become thoroughly disintegrated under the rains and freezes. Places prepared and left unplanted this fall may, if necessary, have more manure added next spring (before planting) at the first opportunity that you lind, by squeezing it in your hand, that the soil is not damp enough to lump or stick together. New manure Is not a plant food, and If it does not kill, It will surely retard growth. . By pursuing the above course you will make any manure a complete plant food. Most persons are too Impatient to get into their gardens in the spring. To work the ground when cold, wet and soggy will lump it to an extent that It will only recover by the next winter's freezes. They are also in too great a hurry to plant. Nothing Is gained by subjecting potted plants to the above described wet and cold con ditions, which must surely retard them. Tlie best time to plant is when the ground is good and warm, and all dan ger of frost is past in your section. Dormant plants can, however, be planted in the fall to a distinct ad vantage, as they are larger, stronger and cheaper than potted plants, and having the advantage of becoming es tablished will bloom profusely next year as if never disturbed.—Florida Agriculturist. How Heavy a Brick May Be, Some time ago one man bet another that he could not move an ordinary brick tied to the end of a coni two or three miles long. A straight and level road, just outside of Chichester, N. Y., was selected for the trial. The brick was not moved and the man lost his bet. It wag stated by someone pres ent that the brick, although weighing only seven pounds, would, from a dis tance of two or three miles, represent a tferd weig'it of nearly a ton.—Argus. The latest novelty in vegetables is a Mack potato, which has been sent to h Wcii-kaown seed merchant of London* liiii “BECAUSE" STUMPS HIM. To argue with a woman A man's a chump; For when she says “Because,** He’s up a stump. —Kansas City Times. UP IN THE AIR. “Is he still superintendent of that pow r der mill?’’ • “No, Tie’s traveling now.” “Indeed!” “Yes; at any rate, he hasn’t come dowm since that explosion last week.' —Philadelphia Press. WHAT HE HIT. “He says he’s given up hunting be cause it was too expensive; is gun ning really so expensive?” “Well, it depends upon what the farmer considers his cow to bo worth.”—Philadelphia Press. DISCRETIONARY. “Mamma, If that Kendall boy hits me again 1 11 smash his face for him. “Why, Robbie, you musn’t say such awful things.” “I wouldn’t say it, raa. if I wasn’t sure he had moved away!’’—Cleve land Plain Dealer. i DUST. “Hello, Halton! 1 see yon have an automobile goggles. Bought a ma chine?” “No, indeed! My wife is doing her fall cleaning, and I wear these to keep from being blinded by the dust. —Chicago New's. NOT TRUE. “I see that the Rev. Pickles is to icave his Boston pastorate, but don t say It.” “Don’t say what?” “That his congregation has soured on him —because it isn't true.’’— Cleveland Plain Dealer. NOT THE FIRST TIME. Eva —Yes, wo went out iff the beau tiful golden forest chestnut hunting and Jack proposed. Katherine —H’m! 1 suppose that was another chestnut. Chicago News. MADE FOR FUN. Hicks —Senator Dullard seems to have acquired a reputation as a wit Wicks —Yes, ho was interviewed once by a bright reporter. Philadel phia Public Ledger. SAME THING. "Miss Bloomer seems to keep her youth still,” remarked Miiss Goods. “Well,” replied Miss Chellus, “she keeps her age quiet”— Philadelphia Press. NO TIME TO LOSE. Millicent —It doesn’t seem quite right for those men to court that young widow so soon after her hus band's death. Hortensc—But, this is un exception al case. Everybody is saying that black is unbecoming to her..—Punch. A SUDDEN CHANGE. “Mrs. Blank has always said she was afraid to travel, and now she la going to California. I wonder how it happens?” “Some one gave her a pass. lc -troit Free Press. COLLECTING a bad debt. Bjenks— Say. Bjones, recommend me to your tailor, will you? Bjones—Sure! If you will pay me that SSO that you owe me first. Somerville Journal. THE LINE OF DEM ARK ATT ON. Holt —The worst thing about a fool is that he doesn’t keep bis mouth shut. , Benson—Well, if he did he wouldn t be a fool, would he? —The Smart Set. TOUGH LUCK. Commuter—A terrible thing ban pened to me this morning. Urbanite —So? What was it? Commuter —I just missed the H o’clock train for the city by ten eC onds. Urbanite—l fail to see anything ter. rible about that. Commuter—But while I was wait ing for the 8.30 train Poplelgh came along and told me all the say ings of his little boy. —Chicago News, PLAGIARISM. “I heard Crittick remark that eorao of the passages in your comedy were worthy of Congreve," said the play wright’s friend. “My!” exclaimed the jdaywrilght, “that’s too bad!” “Why, that means a compliment—.” “It doesn’t. It means that he’s on to me.” —Philadelphia Press. SELF-DEFENCE. Saleslady—l am resigning my po sition. I’m going to marry Mr. Kash collar, of the necktie counter. Manager —Why not keep on work ing, anyhow? Saleslady—Gee! You don’t know Bobby. If I don’t quit my job, he will. —Cleveland Leader. SIGN LANGUAGE. Green—Do you remember Meeker, who married a deaf and dumb girl last winter? Brown —Yes. What of him? Green —He lost his eyesight last week. Brown—Will, that isn’t so bad. Now he can't see his wjfe talking to him— Columbus Dispatch. With its November issue Macmil lan’s Magatlne, tli© oldest of English shilling magazines, wap re duced to slxpehc* ranks.