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MISSIONS IN CHINA.
GROWTH OF GOSPEL V/ORK DUR ING A HUNDRED YEARS. Centenary of the Establishment of the First Station in the Celestial Kingdom to Be Celebrated in April. It Is just 100 years ago that the first missionary began work in China, and that event is to b celebrated in April by a missionary conference. Robert Morrison was the first man to feel the call and to gain access to the seques tered kingdom. For six years he la bored alone, when in 1813 Milne, who died nine years later, joined him. The place left vacant was taken by Med hurst, and together these two men labored for years without any visible results, hut full of faith that C*l was with them and that eventually the Gospel would win its triumphs. And this confidence was not misplaced as may be easily appreciated by a con sideratioin of the growth of missions in China since 1842, when the country was first really opened to missionary work. A perusal of the statistics of those missionary efforts is both interesting and instructive, and illustrative of how the little mustard seed of beginnings has grown, steadily through the years until it has become a great spreading tree of missionary activity. Some tables condensed from the Church Missionary Intelligencer tell the story. Showing: the total population and the number of communicant Protestant Chris tians in each province, January, hi *4, The three provinces Kweichow, Kansu and Yunan have only 250 communicants to 30,- 750.000 population. The figures include the wives of the missionaries. TABLE i THE RATE OF INCREASE OF THE MISSIONARY STAFF. Mission- Net Yearly aries. Increase. In I*o7 1 In 1*22 2 In 1842 20 1 In 1860 ISO S In 1*76 473 ’ 20 In l*9o 1.296 57 In I*9S 2.45S 145 In 1900 2.7*5 163 In - 05 3,270 97 A marked increase in the yearly rate is to be noted since the first great missionary conference for China in 1577. Again, the beginning of a fur ther yearly increase coincides with an other great conference held in 1890. The drop in 1900 is easily explained by the boxer uprising. “Taking the above figures as they stand, and be ginning from ISGO, we notice that the missionary force has been doubling every ten years.” The first convert, Tsai Ako, was bap tized in 1814. Increase was slow from CHINATOWN DOOMED. NEW YORK'S ULCER O f ORIENTAL VICE TO BECOME PARK. T'rn Ofie and Ore-Half Acres Will Be Transformed Into a Playground and Retreat for the Bowery. The end of New York city’s China town is at hand. The board of esti mate on parks has authorized the lay ing out of a park on the site, and al ready the denizens of the strange bit of the orient between the Bowery and Pell, Dovers and Mott streets, have started to scatter. In a few years, The Entrance to Chinatown. nothing but a memory will remain of this show place cf the metropolis, with its booming temple gongs and drums, stifling incense, its theater with interminable plays, the shops, restaurants, fireworks and colored lan terns, and of the real Chinatown, where horrifying vice flourishes in defiance of the police. Those- who should know best de clare that New York’s Chinatown will not be fully known until the wreckers raze the old tenements and open their cellars to thesunlight. They proph esy that conditions will be found to exist similar to those uncovered in Sau Francisco after the earthquake and fire. In the western city it was known that by the use of secret doors and passages, of wells and tunnels, it was possible for the Chinamen to hide themselves and their victims or lead the authorities on long and fu tile man-hunts from floor to floor and building to building. The extent and elaborate scale of these passages and tunnels were not fully realized until the ruins of San Francisco’s China town disclosed all of its secrets after the earthquake. The Chinatown of New York ranks next to that of San Francisco in size and importance. The police of this city have already penetrated to some of the wells and secret passages and chambers. The authorities are forced to admit that vice still flourishes In these hidden resorts in spite of all they can do. It is a logical step to the belief that New York’s Chinatown, resembling that of San Francisco in so many ways as it does, holds more secrets unknown the white man. New York’s Chinatown, which will thus he wiped out, comprises about 1U acres. Tht assessed valuation of the property !• 1*83.200. The agita then to 1853, when it began “follow ing thq general rule of doubling everv seven years, with the exception of an abnormal jump between 1865 and 1876, when the numbers Increased from 2.000 to 13,000.” This will appear from the next table: TABLE 2. THE RATE OF GROWTH OF THE NA TIVE CHURCH. Commun- Net Yearly nieants. Increase. In ISI4 1 In 1*42 _ 6 •••• In 1*53 850 -1 In I*6o 960 87 In 1565 2.000 20S In 1*76 13,000 1.000 In ISS6 28,000 1.500 In i**9 37,000 3.000 In 1*93 55,000 4,500 In I*9* 80,000 5,000 In 1900 113,000 16.500 In 1904 131.000 4.300 In 1905 150.000 (est.) 19.000 “An apparent check may be noticed between 1900 and 1904, but this is to i cm, x* /" i cmih-li /f))t V' y \ Oo jrtf // •• iiS”: ,* _ < SMAN-TUN<VV < O* i.) ' / A-4M-5U > J-N ■- 138 000 00QA-' Oy ((,- J J Li 14 7?° o *'■** v° oo s *- 75 ° Vr o AO if J* v ‘ v / /-1 \ \ T °o -7 \ A>o/ r v ! G -* O VJ- :/&: ? *3 000,000 ■ / j °o A 30 000 VUN*f / .--'-A rv* JO // )) ***\ s' <7. & //$)( yy 750. OOO& '■VTGj ~ -29250 - 1 Diagram of the Provinces of China. be accounted for by the sad fact that in 1900 about 16.000 suffered death at the hands of the boxers, and mission ary work moreover was almost at a standstill in North China for two years. “If the same rate of increase, doub ling every seven years, is maintained, we may expect that there will be over 200.000 communicants by 1907, and all the information to hand points that way. The most “heart-cheering” of all the tables is the following, which shows that the native church is increasing at a much faster rate than the increase of the missionary force: TABLE 3. THE PROPORTION OF FOREIGN MIS SIONARIES TO CHINESE COMMUNI CANTS. Mission- Cnmmu arles. nieants. Ratio. 1*42 20 6 3 1-3 to 1 15.50 160 960 1 to 6 1*76 473 13.000 1 to 2S ]S9O 1.296 40,000 1 to 31 1900 2.7*5 112,000 1 to 40 1905 3,270 150,000 1 to 46 tion for a park in this section has been met by the question of cost, and a rehearsal of the arguments regarding Mulberry park,, which is so close at hand, and the experience* in wiping out that pest-spot in the slums. When the condemnation proceedings for ac quiring Mulberry park were started in 1891, nearly ten years had been spent in agitation and preliminaries. The park covers 2.75 acres, nearly twice as much as will the Chinatown park, and the cost of the land, exclusive ot improvements, was $1,522,055.60. The park was opened six years later. Where will the new Chinatown be? Several sites have been suggested, and have aroused more or less opposi tion from the white men of the neigh borhood. One of them was at Red Hook Point, Brooklyn, the property being the factory site of the Worth ington Manufacturing company, which is covered with old buildings. The Chinamen looked at the property, but their appearance raised a storm of opposition from the neighbors, and it was suspected that there was a trick among the real estate dealers. The other site is the district near the Brooklyn end of the Williamsburg bridge. It is said that the firm of Soy Kee Brothers, who are wealthy Chi nese merchants, has purchased two whole blocks of real estate in that vi cinity, and will rent the houses to the Chinamen who are fast leaving China town. Fear to Adrpit Identity. “It’s really alanmng how hard it ia getting to be nowadays to get a person said a business man the other day. to admit his identity to a stranger,’’ “Now, I have a perfectly Jegitimate line which draws me to a middle class of people and those who are on the edge of so-called society. Igo to their places of business. Some of them I know by sight. I go up to them and ask if Mr. So-and-So is in, knowing at the time he is the man I am looking for. Half the time the man will reply: ‘No, he’s out just now, but I will take the message.’ “When he finds out my business he generally laughingly admits his iden tity and says he thefught I was a rep resentative of So-and-So. I suppose this is the result of the modern way of living on the installment plan, with collectors at our heels.” A Life-Saver. “In case you find the north pole what good will have been accom plished?” “What good will have been accom plished?” replied the explorer. “If I find the pole I will have done more in the way of saving human lives than any other man on earth. Nobody else will then have any reason for running risks in trying to find the thing.”— Judge. Where the Shoe Pinches. First Magnate—This problem of tak ing care of the poor is a hard one. Second Magnate—Most difficult. It’s easy enough to get money from them, but it ruins them to give It back.— Life. Progress. Blacksmiths forge ahead. Money lenders advance dally. Real estate men gain ground. Gamblers get the upper hand. Tailors press forward.—Judge. • }. f \ THE NEW TABLE LINENS. Pattern Cloths Are Considered Fret* tier Than the Piece Goods. Pattern table cloths are now con sidered handsomer than any piece goods. They come In the double dam ask from the eight-quarter size to eight yards long. Many are hem stitched, with a border to rest on the table and another lower down. One of these cloths two by four yards, with a dozen seven-eighths napkins to match and of excellent quality costs sl6. The yard-size of napkins rivals the above mentioned ones, leaving the five eighth for breakfast use and the smaller fringed or hemstitched ones -'or tea. The damask most highly val ued by housekeepers is the fine Irish linen bleached to spotless white It may be found in such patterns as bunches of lilacs, snowdrops, dots, shaded disks, clover and shamrock leaves, ferns, oak, maple and Ivy leaves, the arum lily, chrysanthemums, arabesques, the Greek scroll, Persian designs, renaissance effects and con ventional patterns that modify a sim pie blossom into a cross between a scroll and a stately stalk. The 72-inch width table linen will fit a square 01 oval table. The length for a reallj handsome cloth should be four yards, the table which it covers seating ten persons comfortably. Round table cloths are considered a novelty as yet. They come in sizes from 108x90 inches for a large table, down to 40 inches in diameter for an afternoon tea table. There are cloths to match In the oak leaf, French scroll, fern, anemone and ivy designs, which may be had from $8 to $35 for the large sizes and from $3 up for the smaller ones. The napkins are not included, as they vary according to size and quality, $5 being the average price for the new patterns. If the purely useful is sought after nothing will wear like the unbleached German linen. Cloths may be had in the bleached, half-bleached or cream and unbleached shades. The latter in German or Irish goods. The average napkins are the five eighths and six-eighths sizes, 21 and 27 inches. A good quality costs $1.50 for a cloth 90x72 inches, with napkins to match. It greatly improves the ap pearance of such a set to hemstitch all the edges. Still cheaper linen comes in pretty artistic patterns and may be used for breakfast even when a better quality is kept for dinner use. HOUSEHOLD HINTS. Mix a small quantity of calcium sul phide with ordinary white paint and luminous paint is the result. If mustard is mixed with water that has been boiled and allow f to cool it will keep its flavor and color a long time. Cut a snip off the end of potatoes before they are roasted. This lets out any stray moisture and makes the potatoes mealy. To clean copper, dip a coarse cloth into hot water, soap it well and ap ply to the copper. Sprinkle powder ed borax over it and polish with a dry cloth. Keep needles in books having leaves of wash leather. Flannel, so often used in needlebooks, is prepared with sulphur, which has the effect of rust ing needles. In order to prevent milk from burn ing while boiling, first rinse the saucepan thoroughly with cold w r ater and rub it with a little fresh butter before pouring in the milk. Wash and starch lace-trimmed doil ies in the usual way. When half dry roll them in a cloth and put aside for ironing. Iron the linen or dam ask center only, then pull the lace into shape with the fingers. To Bake a Ham. Put the ham to soak previous to dressing it, if an old one two hours will be required, but if not very old one hour will suffice. Wipe dry, and cover with a paste about an inch thick, the edges being first moistened must be drawn together and made to adhere or the gravy will escape. Bake it in a regular, well-heated oven, it will require from three to six hours according to its weight, when done remove the paste, and ;hen the skin, this must be done while the ham is hot, if well baked and not too salty it will prove of finer flavor than if boiled. Sweet Potato Pone. One cup sugar, two eggs, one cup sweet milk, one saltspoon of cinna mon, half the quantity of nutmeg, one generous tablespoon of butter, one pine of grated sweet potato, one salt spoon of yeast powder; beat yolk and white of egg separatetly, to the yolks add sugar and butter and beat till a cream; add milk and spices, then sw r eet potato and yeast powder, finally the whites of the eggs; butter a tin pan, pour in the mixture, bake very slowiy for two hours, and serve cold. Waffles (Sweet Milk). Pass through a sieve together two cups of flour, half a teaspoonful of salt and tnree teaspoonfuls of baking powder. Beat the yolks of two eggs, add one cup of milk, and stir Into the dry Ingredients with four tablespoon fuls of melted butter. Lastly, add the whites of two eggs, beaten dry. Have the waffle iron hot and well oiled, put a tablespoonful of batter on each sec tion, set the cover in place; when baked to a golden brown on one side, turn, and brown the other side. Waf fles are crisp griddle cakes. To Wash Lace Ties. To wash lace ties make a lather of good soap and hot water, then squeeze the lace through and through the lat ter several times, taking care not to wring it. Rinse in milk, when the lace will become quite crisp without being too stiff. If a cream shade is desired add cold tea to the milk till the proper shade is obtained. Iron on the wrong side on some thick soft material. Cleaning the Silver. A simple way to clean silver, and one that saves labor and time, is to put the silverware in a pan and pour on enough sour milk to cover it Let stay until bright and clean, then wash in warm water with a few drops of ammonia added. Woman's Home Companion. ROAD TO SUCCESS PUBLICITY IS THE MAIL-ORDER MAN’S GREAT WEAPON. MERCHANTS MUST ADVERTISE “Fight Fire with Fire” and the Dol lars Now Going Cityward Will Stay in the Home Community. The merchant who would wage suc cessful warfare against mail-order competition should study mail-order methods. The same tactics that takes the dollar out of the community will keep it at home. And what are mail-order methods? The keynote of it all may be found in the one word —publicity. The mail order house advertises. It does not advertise better goods at less money than the home merchant gives, but it advertises persistently. It puts its proposition before the public constant ly. It recognizes no dull season in its campaign for publicity. It never lets up. At a gathering in lowa some time ago a mail-order man explained some of the system followed in the cam paign of publicity. According to this explanation the mail-order house seeks the line of least resistance in its search for business. Whenever they can find a town in which the mer chants are not active advertisers they flood that community with their liter ature. When they find a town in which the furniture dealer, for exam ple, is afraid to use printer’s ink they pay particular attention to the subject of furniture. They are searching for the weakest link in the chain of home defenses. Something of this is explained by the conditions the writer saw in a mill town in northern Wisconsin. The local paper carried practically no local advertising when the size of the town was considered, and the stores of the town were but small affairs. In talk ing to one of the merchants he com plained that more than $25,000 was ~ Intelligent advertising means “s icing the bulldog power and te nacity of the local press on the competition offered the home merchant by the catalogue houses. Intelligent advertising means the employment of mail-order methods in combating the mail-order evil. sent from that community to the Chi cago mail-order houses each month. “That is easily twice the amount that is spent in all the stores in this town pot together each' month,” he explain ed. “Merchandizing don’t pay in such a place as this.” A few r hours later the writer was talking with the publisher of the local paper, and the conversation turned to local advertising, or rather the lack of it. “I was very much tempted to accept a proposition which I received from one of the Chicago mail-order houses a few days ago,” said the publisher. “I still have the proposition here on my desk. They offer me a cash con tract at my regular display rates for 1,500 inches, to be used during the year, and in addition to the cash ad vertising they offer me a small com mission on all the new' business se cured in this county during the life of the contract. They say their busi ness in this county during the last 12 months was approximately SB,OOO per month, and I would secure a small percentage on all business done over this amount during the next 12 months.” “Have you shown that proposition to the merchants of this town?” I asked. “I have, and it didn’t move them,” he replied. “They simply say it don’t pay to advertise. I would jump at the offer if it were not for the fact that I cannot bring myself to the point of doing that w'hich I know will help to kill this community.” There was an illustration of mail order methods. The wide-awake mail order man proposed to reap a golden harvest from the field the very-much asleep local merchant would not cul tivate. Does it pay to advertise? 'The more than $200,000,000 that finds its way to the Chicago mail-order houses each year is garnered by a campaign of advertising. You, Mr. Local Merchant, claim, and rightly, that you can sell the same goods for the same, or less money, than the mail-order houses offer, but at the same time you complain, because the mail-order man gets the business. Why do they got it? Because they advertise. They not only advertise, but they advertise in your field, and they ad vertise In your field because you do not. They select towns, or special lines where they do not have to meet the competition that is offered by lo cal advertising, and they make advc.r tising pay. We want the people to trade at home; we want them to build up the home community; we want to see the dollars kept in circulation here that one and all of the local people may prosper. We do not want to see the fortunes of the city mail-order man built at the expense of the local com munity, but we know absolutely the value of publicity, and we know the mail-order houses will capture the dol lars if the local merchants will not fight fire with fire; will not show the public what they can buy and at what price. Let us go back to this northern Wisconsin town and see what oppor tunities the merchants there were sac rificing. It was a mill town, and in no way an agricultural community. There were not 20 farms within a ra dius of as many miles. The industry was lumber, and the money to run the mills came from the city. The nearly 1,000 employes were paid in city money, and with a little effort on the part of the merchants in that town this money might have been kept in the town. It might have been made to build a permanent prosperity. But no, the merchants left a wide field for the mail-order houses which they Im proved, and the money that might have built a town that would have stood after the lumber interests are gone and the mills are closed has been allowed to return to the city from which it came, and now every lofty pine that falls but drives another nail in the coffin of the town, and all be cause the merchants did not believe it w r ould pay to advertise. WRIGHT A. PATTERSON. Child Turning Purple.* Mary Eighotz, three years old, of New York, is turning purple. The doctor says she is suffering with a dis ease known as purpura hemorrhagica. The child’s mother first noticed the changing color three weeks ago. While bathing the girl she detected small purple spots on various parts of the body. Alarmed, she applied home remedies, but the spots continued to spread. The child’s body presents the appearance of being tattooed. Almost the entire body is covered, with the exception of the face, which thus far has not been affected. While most of the time the blotches are of a mellow purple, they occasionally change to a deep plum color or a dull red. Some blotches are as large as a penny, oth ers are no larger than a pinhead. The disease is probably caused by a rheu matic germ. Applied Theology. Little Willie Trundy, of Searsport, Me., stood at the window' one day, watching his grandfather mow a piece of grass near the house. After watch ing him a few minutes, he turned to his grandmother and asked if God was everywhere. “Yes,” said she, “God is everywhere.” “Is He here in this room?” “Yes.” Willie pondered a moment, then — “Is He out in the field where grampy is?” "Yes, Willie, He is everywhere.” Quick as a flash came the response: “That He’d better be careful or gram py ’ll cut His legs off.” Only Believe. Be not downcast if difficulties sur round you in your heavenly life. They may be purposely placed there by God to train and discipline you for higher developments of faith. If he calls you to “toiling in rowing,” it may be to make you the better seaman, and to lead you to a holier trust in Him who has the vessel and its destinies in hand, and who. amid gathering clouds and darkened horizon, and crested bil lows, ever murmurs the mild rebuke to our misgivings: “Said I not unto thee, that if thou wouldst believe, thou shouldst see the glory of God?” — Rev. John R. Macduff. Newspaper for Financiers. M. Rouvier, the ex-premier and the greatest authority on political finance in France, is about to start an impor tant daily newspaper, for which he has already raised $600,000 out of the total capital needed, which he has fixed at $1,400,000. This paper will be both political and financial, and will serve as the organ of the Bknque de Paris et des Pays Bas. -, — .ruxrLT.-jinnr r a- j ~ — l^~ POWER FROM THE CLOUDS. A Static Motor That Run* by Lightning. Under this title a static motor I* Illustrated and described by C. Francis Jenkins in the Scientific American. Interest in motors of this kind arises from the fact that atmospheric elec tricity is of the static type, and there fore that if we are ever to ytilize the atmosphere as a source of electric power we must employ seme such means as this, the ordinary style of motor being quite Unfitted for the pur pose. The ordinary motor is a re versed dynamo, and in like manner this motor is a reversed glass*-disk elec tric machine. It may he regarded. Mr. Jenkins says, as an extension of the familiar experiment in which a pith hall oscillates between two oppositely charged bodies, such as a glass rod and a stick of sealing-wax. He says: “In its simplest form [it] consists of a thin glass or mica disk supported on pivotal points and well balanced. This disk has five armature sections of tin foil overlapping the edges of the disk at five equidistant points. Enveloping the disk also at equidistant points are four metal field-poles, each field-pole electrically connected with the field- I Motor to Utilize Electricity of Clouds. pole diametrically opposite. Each pole has a thin brush mounted thereon, which contacts with the armature sec tions ts they pass thereunder. As there are five armature sections and hut four field-poles, someone of these brushes is always in contact with an armature section. If, now, one pair of opposite field-poles be positively charged and the other pair be nega tively charged, someone of the arma ture sections receives a charge of like sign with the field-pole enveloping it. The armature section is, therefore, im mediately repelled, and moves away from the field-pole and toward the next field-pole, to which it is attracted for like reason. As it passes under the brush of the latter field-pole the charge is given up for one of unlike sign, and the armature section is in turn repelled by this field-polo. Simi lar phenomena are taking place at each of the other field-poles, and con tinuous rotation at high velocity is maintained.” A series of armature plates forming a battery are mounted on a single shaft, and all the like armature sec tions In a row (parallel to the shaft) are connected, thus securing a larger capacity in each of the five armature sections. The field-poles are likewise connected together, and the brushes are arranged to contact with the arma ture sections only just, after each had passed the median line of each field pole. Therefore the motor always turns in the same direction. Says the au thor: “Any suitable source of high-tension current sufficed for power, as, for example, an induction machine. A charged glass rod held to one and a charged sealing-wax rod held to the other of the field-posts were sufficient to cause considerable rotation of a single-disk motor. “In experiments in wireless tele phony a pole supporting wires 15 feet above the roof of a two-story frame house was used. It was noticed that on the occasion of storms there would be sparking at the gap in a plug cut out block on the instrument table. It was found that on connecting the mo tor between the points, that is. so that one field-pole was in metallic com munication with the earth and the other with the aerial, the motor would run, beginning some little time before the rain began to fall. It was also no ticed that the motor did not always be have similarly; sometimes it would re volve rapidly, while upon the occasion of other storms the torque would be weak. “As the force of attraction and re pulsion is in proportion to the capac ities of the opposed surfaces, it would seem that a motor of considerable power might be constructed to run by static current taken from the passing clouds, and this Is suggested as a line of research of not unpromising re sults.” The Flying Fish. The theory that the flying-fish glides through the air like an aeroplane, pro pelled by the tail and guided by the pectoral fins, is disproved by Lieut. Col. C. D. Durnford, an English nat uralist. He finds that an average flight begins with a jump into the air, impelled by the tail and aided by the wing-like fins; that it is continued by a labored and exceedingly rapid move ment of the seemingly motionless wings, which at times slow down so that the vibration becomes visible: and that it ceases either with a sud den stoppage or gradual slowing down of the wings before reaching Ihe water. Ripening Bananas by Electricity. An English electrical expert has dis covered a means of ripening bananas to order. The bunches are hung In an air-tight glass case in which are t number of electric lights. The arti ficial light and heat hasten the ripen ing process in proportion to the num ber of lights turned on. Records have been made which enable the operators to make delivery of any desired quan tities at any agreed date. AMBI DEXTERITY. Society Formed in London to Encour* age Use of Both Hands. A standing puzzle is the almost uni versal tendency of men and women of all races to use the right hand In pref erence to the left. Examination of skeletons has shown, by the differ ences of bone development, that this tendency is of very ancient, origin. It is often ascribed to the fact that the left hemisphere of the brain— which controls the right side of the "body—possesses, in normal persons. a superior development. But those who think that the preference for the right hand is an acquired habit, al though one of Immensely long stand ing, suggest that perhaps the left cere bral hemisphere has become better developed as the result of the over use of the right limbs. At any rate, says Youth's Companion, a society has been founded in London for the culti vation of ambidexterity, and it will he for the physiologists of the future to determine whether education in the use of the left hand can affect the de velopment of the right side of the brain. ELECTRIC WINDOW CLOSER. Contrivance by Which Chamber Wai Ventilated Without Rising from Bed. The sketch herewith show's a device that I have used for the past two years for closing my bedroom window at night without getting up, says a cor respondent of Popular Mechanics. An ordinary door check is'connected to the window by a small chain and is operated by an electric releasing de vice as shown. When the circuit is closed the magnet. A, attracts the ar mature, B. and releases the trigger, C, thus allowing the door check to close the window. The push button for clos- ~p~— JL ■ C Darv CSteck U —-Ofcn 111 y Closing Window by Electricity. ing the circuit may be located In a convenient position for operating from the bed. Electric Car Brakes. Considerable interest has been awakened in the trial of anew elec tric brake on a New York street car. The pow 7 or is furnished by the trolley current. The motorman applies the brake with a handle, similar to that of the ordinary air-brake, and releases it by pressing a foot-pedal, says Youth’s Companion. It is said that with the electric brake the labor of the motorman is greatly reduced, w'hile the stops are effected more smoothly and easily. There is no surging of the car, the reason offered being that the electric brake can be released instantly, whereas the air must escape from the cylinder of the air brake before the pressure on the wheels can he relieved. To provide against failure of the trolley current, a device is furnished whereby the motor can he short circuited, and the car thus quickly stopped. A Novel Skate. A novelty which has been brought out during the present season consists of a skate which folds so completely that a pair may be carried in a man’s pocket or a lady’s muff. On the foot the folding skate has much the same appearance as the ordinary one, but upon being removed the portions by which it is attached to the shoe are foldable so that they occupy a posi tion parallel to the blade. Thus they form’a flat shape less than a half-inch in thickness. A wallet, is furnished with each pair, one skate being fitted into each of the pockets. It makes a parcel less than an inch in thickness and of a length slightly greater than that of the skate. Electric Signs. Hrilliant effects for electric signs are now to be readily obtained with lit tle cost by the use of small colored transparent caps which fit over the rounded ends of the incandescent bulbs. This permits the owner of a changeable electric sign to alter the legend at will and to indulge in the use of colors without the necessity of keeping on hand a large supply of colored lamps, some of which are very expensive. Getting His Answer First. “You know’,” she said, *1 am rot much of a conversationalist.” This seemed to him the opportunity for which he had been waiting. “Well,” he returned, "if I do the preliminary talking your conversa tional ability will be sufficient to en able you to say ’Yes,’ won’t it?” After all, in courtship there is noth ing like getting your answer befojo you ask the question. An Improvement. “The Uncle Tom’s Cabin show at the op’ry house last night w’as consid erable better than when it was hero a year ago,” grimly said the landlord of the Pruntytown tavern. ‘ How so?” inquired the picture en larged. “Oh, they had one more dog and three less actors.”—-Puck,