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THE SEA COAST ECHO.
ECHO BUILDING. t ■ • '■ <4* BAY ST. LOUIS. - - - - MISS., CHAS. G. MOREAU, Edltar tad Proprietor Long Distance Phone No, 3. *> i* - Subscription: $l5O Per Year, In Advance. The Detroit News thinks It funny how many statesmen appear to need vindication. The hop industry in Central New York is being cut down to small pro portions. Does the prohibition wave account for it? asks the Boston Tran script, From Portland, Me., comes the story of a girl who can speak nine lan guages every time she goes into a trance. But even at that, asserts the Washington Post, she is probably not to be dreaded so much as some wom en who speak only one language while awake or asleep. An English observer, lamenting the depopulation of rural England in fa vor of the cities,-; traces the latter to the fact that the young women are al so leaving the country districts. .-The same condition is true of our own New England, says the American Cul tivator. Moral: Get the girls to go . f* back and the boys will follow. Says the Chicago Inter-Ocean: The nation threatening war was* not. the one which our army and navy officers have felt in recent years would' be the next to fight us. Hobson* is right when he says w r e need one fleet in the Atlantic and one in the Pacific, and right when he urges thd more ra pid upbuilding of our navy- 1 — not'*' for war, but to avoid it, ... • i, Bishop W. A. Candler was talking' at Chattanooga the other day about the indebtedness of American trade to missions. “Even in the lower inter ests,” be said, “it will be to the Im measurable advantage of this country to give the Christian civilization with its wants to these backward associ ate nations, of whom it has been said that their supreme want is the want of a w T ant. If we could only secure the result that every Chinaman in the world should wear one dlean shirt a week, it \vould raise the price of cot* lon a cent a pound.” > 1 Our navy faces certain difficulties. Our harbors are shallow. Relatively our vessels have to have a broad beam and light draft. This makes .the calculation of flotation difficult,, la ments the Philadelphia Press. In the desire to have them draw" ift’tle i enough water sufficient allowance is not always made for weight, goaded for a cruise, their armor belt is sub merged. In battle trim, such as a cruise or preparation for cOnhlct brings, the belt would - be in the right place. If the armor belt is* .differently £ ' * designed on deep-draft English .yes-, gels, this is because their harbors are deeper and their policy is different. One friend, a man of abounding wealth, relates the New' York Press, continued: "1 haven’t eaten pork since 1 visited the great slaughter houses of the Middle West. 1 see that breeders are offering pigs at $lO each fhat are guaranteed to weigh 1000 pounds at 2 years! 1 have seen the 1000-poun3 hog in the abattoir —utterly unable to rise from the ground and almost un able to grunt. Why. be has never hpd the run of a barnyard! His fat is ten inches thick in spots and is bound to be unhealthy. He is ‘forced.’ He is ’cured’ in seven days or less, and when you buy a ham it is five inches deep in false adipose tissue, with a narrow heart*of lean, soft and flabby, rear the bone. Eat such meat? Not L” The reckless driving of a few auto mobile owmers has aroused hostile sentiment in foreign countries as well as here, declares the American .Cul tivator. The new law in France pun ishes with heavy fine and several months’ imprisonment any driver of an automobile who, after an accident, hurries away without leaving his name and address. This cowardly trick is guile common in this country and the law provides no special pun ishment.-The French method of treat ing such offenders is none too severe, and will tend to more careful driving C applied in this country. The roads, especially in the rural districts, are made a terror to drivers of spirited horses, or to travel of any kind at night. The roods were not built for this kind of traffic, and if It is to be permitted at all it should be hedged about with restrictions which will make it as safe as possible. TI e United States is mother a mol lycoddle nor a bully, contends the Washington Post. President Roose velt expressed feost admirably this eeniimert of the people of this coun try, in our opinion, when he declared that ti e United States should work for peace and be prepared for war. "Ti e peace of the strong man armed” is the only secure llace. i THE HOMESTEAD. ; Girt aiV about with fenca of wMts , - The low-noofe4 cottage *181100; • -There, stretching far, are banks of green. And yon are fallow lands. Skyward at eve the swift bird wtngs Along its meted way: . There, stars of love look down by nlgnt, A sun of love by day. Unchanged the wild and singing woods; The glad brook dances still: And echoes of yore ring out The manic of the hill. And where we played the violet grows; The trout leaps in the stream; And jest as fair as long ago I see you li> my dream. • • * • , . •* All things In earth, and sky, and breeze, To olden days are •true: O playtime maiden, naUght has -changed. Or passed away, bus you! > —Afny Kingsland Pennington, in Youth’s Companion. * -*-§-!• •v-J-M-M-J- *<§")*** -S-l-J-t-o | A LEAP YEAR | I PROPOSAL I I i •j* * By A. G. G. ’* *• • % *•• • * ;**}> ■§■ <■ * She came into the study unanounced. It wasn't a very unusual thing for her to do, but; today I was busy and didn’t look up. “Ted!” she, cried, standing by my side. I started and dropped my pen. “The same old book?” she Inquired, passing her fingers over my head. ‘'Same old book; - ’ i repeated. “I’ve got to Chapter AAI. now.’t- .e “Does it really, interest ,yoa so much?” she -asked. , . - ' "I* don’t know*’- I answered, weariiy. •“•It "gives me something to do, and something to think about when you’re “Well?” “When you’re not here, I was going to say,” I went on'; “only that sounds ho foolish, because you're so often not here, aren’t you?” ‘She didn’t answer, but She suddenly sat down hi my great chair. I put down my pen- and thrust the MSS. away. “Any trouble?” i inquired anxious ly. ’ ’ ” '■ : " “I’m twenty-four;’ she burst-oat, "and father’s an old raan.” • “Both your statements.are undoubt edly true,”. I rejoined §ipiU n S- "Tell me all about it.” “He’s old-fashioned too,” she went on, tapping her feet on the slender rajl. “Yes; that’s true as well.” “He thinks a woman —a girl’s—an old maid if she doesn't marry at twen ty,” she told me, eyeing me anxiously. I felt a sudden sinking at the heart, somehow. Though .it was the most natural thing in the world, ! bad never thought of Una marrying. “He wants you to marry?” I queried at last. “Yes,’ site assented;- “that’s it. He’s always praising Algy —” “That young—” I ejaculated, stop ping myself just in time. “He’s rather a young—, isn’t he?” she answered, ' laughing ruefully. “That’s what I tell fatheh But he always says that ‘the young man is attached to-you; the property dove tails most conveniently’—” . “I thought the old property-dpvetail- Itfg’ argument went out in the fifties,” I remarked. “Besides which, it is' so generally applicable. There’s old Gen eral Felgare—♦” • ‘gut he’s married already-.” r “I know; but he- fulfills that one condition,” I continued. “And there’s Andrew’ Ainsley—" . . “A mad recluse!’ she retprted. “What a fine set of prospective, husbands jfpu're giving me I’ ‘I didn’t cite them as-husbands,” I objected, ‘but only becAuse they‘pos sessed the property qualification. Why, if it comes to that, my. paddock cuts into your eight-acre field so he might just as well —” ... “Mightn’t he?” I glanced at her hurriedly, but she w’asn’t looking at me. There was a pause, and then I said: “So he wants you to marry Algy?” “Yes.” “You don’t like him, do you?” I asked. '•-* ’ ' “Of course not!” she said, wtih con viction. “And you won’t’consent to marry Him?” ' “N-no,” she replied, more doubtfully. “Oh you mean you will?’ I cried. “Oh, I don’t know how’ to .explain!” she exclaimed. "But it’s father— every day and all day! He says it’s duty. He talkf of .marriage ni£ht and day;, tells me i,t wOrnes him-Ms killing him. Oh you know what an old man is; andTm fond of him, Ted—ever so fond of him, and—and.— Oh. I don’t know- what to do!” ' • ;■ ’ “You. shouldn’t, marry where your heart isn’t.” I told her gravely. “1 couldnit bear to see you married un happily.” “You see, there’s ' something that makes things w’orse,’ she went on, look- Into the fire. “I’ll confess to you, be cause you’ve always been such a‘ dear friend to me.” She put out her hand and stroked mine gently; but somehow her wo.rds and her actions hurt me; they seemed to have destroyed some dearly belo-ved illusion. ‘Tin —I’m fond of someone else.” she went on after a while, “and I want to marry him.” I gazed cut of the window across the lawn to the waving line of the Downs, apd the view grew misty, and I pulled myself together. “Little Una,’ I said gently, “oh, how I pray you will be very happy!” “I will if he will have me,” she said, half involuntarily. ■ “Why, hasnt he spoken yet?” I asked with surprise. “No.” she answered; "and that's why I’ve come to you.” “To me!” I echoed. “What do I know about love affairs?” "I thought you’d know more what I should do,’ she said. “I think he’s fond of me, and I —l’m very fond of Mm: but he hasn’t said anything.” never has?" “Not straight out; and yet I know— I am perfectly sure—that he cares for me; and he would be happy with me!” she cried. “Now, what can a girl do?" “Only w&R, I suppose.” I answered. •‘You cari’t very well propose to him yourself, can youT* "Ah, hut father,” she said; "he’s the trouble! I'd wait a lifetime for. him If I could, but can’t with father like this—doubting, worrying. That’s why I came to you.’ “What can I do?” I asked looking over her head at the photographs on the mantelpiece. "Couldn't you explain to father?” she begged. "Tell him that it’s only thpe I want; tell him that I’m in love —for I am, Ted —and that I can’t ruin my life and let all my happiness slip away.” “I’ll do all I can,’ I said at last, with a catch in my voice. “But I’ll tell you frankly, Una, it won’t be easy for me. Somehow I can’t bear to think of your getting married. Our friend ship has meant so very, very much. And to have it ended in this sudden fashion is something of a shock; .for I suppose it will have to end. Good-rbye, Una I’m so busy this afternoon; I must get on.” I tried to keep my voice calm and steady, -but something in my tone made Una look at me. ’ “You’ll tell father?” she said. “Yes,” I promised her, “and I think he’ll understand.” “I wonder if he’ll ask who it is?” she speculated idly, standing up. “It doesn’t matter if he does,” I an swered. Anyhow, I don’t know.” “I wonder if it would be better if you did?” she muttered, looking away from me through the window. “Why should it?” “I’d —I’d like to tell you,” she mur mured hesitatingly. “Then do,” I said encouragingly; but I .knew I should hate the fellow. “His name’s Edward,’ she began. “Like mine,” I put in, trying to smile. How foolish one’s lips lips are to tremble so! "But I always call him •Ted,’ ” she whispered. • “Like—me?” I said slowly, lifting my head till I could see into her eyes. “He—he —he is very like you,” she said in low,tones; "so much so that —” She stopped, and suddenly I saw it all. I picked her up in my arms. • “Una, Una!” I cried. “Oh, can you mean —— “Yes, yes,” she answered, hiding her face against my coat; but he wouldn't ask me —he won’t ask me!” And then, of course, 1 did. —McCall’s Magazine. - ELEPHANTS OF LOMACUNDI. Protected Beasts That arc Destroying Property and Killing People. The Rev. Mr. Grantham, who is in charge of the Welseyan Mission at Lomagundi, has again had occasion to complain of the destructiveness and viciousness of the elephants that rav age that district. A few years ago there was only one small herd of about a dozen, but to-day Mr. Gran tham places their number at over lUU. This has been corroborated by oth er gentlemen, who have placed boys at various points of the country for the special purpose of ascertaining the numerical strength of the brutes. They go about the district in small herds of about fifteen, and have for the last nine mouths been a source of terror. Nothing is safe from them, and they are apparently fearless. They raid the kraals at night, scattering the fires in the lands and what they do not eat of the crops they destroy in ■pure wantonness. Already three kraals have been deserted owing to their frequent, visitations. The whole of the .Umvokwe Range, which ex tends for a good many miles, bears traces of their depredations. Trees are’ rooted Up and broken down all" over the bills and the vleis •are covered with the pits made by the animals wallowing. Almost every ■herd contains a number of calves, and . the older elephants are vicious in the extreme, and woe betide any unsus pecting native who happens to come upon a herd. Their agility and the rapidity with which they travel is wonderful, and they can glide through the veldt almost noiselessly. The natives that have already been injured were usually unaware of the presence of the brutes until they came charging down upon them. Vic ’ious and destructive, they are being a source of danger to life. Represen tations are being made to the Govern ment and it is possible that special steps will be taken to rid the district of the pest.—Rhodesia Herald. An Ocean-Going Barge. Unusual interest was taken by sail ormen and landlubbers in the huge ocean-going oil barge Navahoe, of the Standard Oil -Company, when she was in port. She is. now on her way to England .with 200,000 tons of oil, her first consignment to- the Old World. The average person who looks upon a barge as a shabby, ugly and unattrac tive craft would be surprised on board ing the Navahoe. • While she has no machinery for propulsion, she has six masts and a great spread of canvas to carry her to port if occasion de manded. The sails, however, are used only to steady her occasionally when she is in tow of the big tank steamtr Iroquois, which takes her back and forth across the Atlantic. The Nava hoe is 450 feet long and has a beam of 58 feet. She is.equipped w.lth en gines for hoisting sails and dynamos for her electric light and wireless ser vice.—New York Tribune. Fort Amsterdam Site. The New York Society of Founders and Patriots has replied to the treas ury department for permission to place upon the walls of the new custom house at Bowling Green the following inscription: “On this site Fort Amsterdam was erected in 1626, and Fort George, which was erected later, stood here until 1790. In commemoration of the settlement of New Netherlands on May 26,1626, by the Dutch, the discov ery of the Hudson River by Hendrik Hudson on September 2,’1609, and the achievement of American Independ ence, 1776-1783, this tablet was erected by the New York. Society of the Order of the Founders and Patriots of Ameri ca."—New York Evening poet. Germany’s colonies are five times as big as herself, those of Prance eigh teen times and Britain’s ninety-seven times bigger than beresit. “HAPPINESS NOT THE SUPREME END OF MARRIAGE,” Says Felix Adler, Who Finds in the Divorce Records a Sign That Americans Need a “New Doctrine of Marriage” and a Better Understanding of the Real Power of Women “What we need is a doctrine of marriage. At present there is no ad equate doctrine of marriage. One trouble with modern marriage is that the masculine element predominates in the ceremonial. Neither the hus band should obey the wife nor the wife the husband. They are equals. I do not deny that they are different in mind and temperament, but they contribute equally an indispensable influence on civilization, though in different w'ays.” This statement, issuing from Dr. Felix Adler, leader of the Society for Ethical Culture and author of many books, that we need a doctrine of marriage is certain to excite contro versy, and coming in the wake of the divorce report of the Census Bu reau of Washington, is sure to cre ate widespread interest and attention, I . These are the figures: From ISS7 to 1906, a period of twenty years. | there have been 1,300,000 divorce suits brought in the United States. In the twenty preceding years, from 1867 to 1886. there were 320,000, or 1,000,000 lower. This is an av erage increase of 50.000 divorces a year in the United States. Of these 1.300.000 suits for divorce nearly 900.000 have been granted, and a whole army of clerks and investiga tors has been employed by the Cen sus Bureau getting in order the com plete official report. One hundred and forty clerks are still employed by the department, and at times the Census Bureau has had three thou sand and more investigators and clerks working on this report. The divorce question is being agi tated on all hands, and political econ omists consider it to be one of the most vital of all sociological prob lems. “A short time ago I saw an ac count in the papers,’’ Professor Adler continued, "in which a young woman ! in Chicago received her fifth divorce. I She was only sixteen when she mar ried, and she soon was divorced, but she remarried her husband. The j second marriage did not last very much longer than the first. She then i took a second husband, but she soon | became divorced from him to remarry ' her first husband. No sooner had she returned to him than she di vorced him again, and although she i married a third husband the courts have just declared her free. "The popular way of explaining the difference between men and wom • - ig often misleading. We say wom have great intuition, but we deny un great reasoning power. We • that men have the gift of sus | .ined and strenuous reasoning, but i .;e deny them swift intuition. "We say that women observe the ■ Retails of things better than men can I hut that they cannot apprehend uni i vcrsal truths of science and philos ophy as men can. We say women particularize; men generalize. We | say women are all feeling, that they depend on their emotions and im pulses, whereas men act on cold, hard scientific principle. "It is not exact to make such dis tinctions, nor are they very satisfac tory. Women are intellectual as well as emotional. Some women in the past have shown themselves equal to the most difficult intellectual feats, and if there have not been greater fig ures among women in art and science and philosophy it is perhaps only be cause they have not had the oppor tunities that men have had, and not because they are naturally incompe tent to rise as high as men. "Men also are capable of the finest and most delicate emotions. If they were not, how shall we explain that the greatest interpreters of the emo tional life, the great poets, the great musicians, have been men? "This is what I consider to he thr right relation between the man and woman. This is what they should do for each other. The woman should rouse all the dormant intellectual en ergies, all of the inmost capabilities of the man, so that he can appreciate the needs of humanity and work for it. "The woman by her spiritual in fluence over the man shall tend to develop in him that love of obedience which submits through love of what Is right and not through fear. “She shall become his bride in mat ters of intellect and of morals, not by any formulated code, but by the things that she approves or disap proves. On the other hand, man should by his intellectual influence on woman widen and deepen and cause her to raise continually the standard by which she judges him. "People should not marry without a thorough understanding of each other’s disposition and character. In fact, marriage should not be entered into without a thorough understand ing on the part of both the man and woman as to what the institution sig nifies. There are spiritual meanings to marriage. The feelings need to be instructed by the far seeing mind. "The old idea of marriage was in culcated and secured through two fundamental principles absolute •submission to parents and the under standing that marrigae was to be per manent. Under present conditions these are no longer tenable in the old way, for the first was founded on the idea that the child had no rights of Its own except through its parents. Its position was one of subservience, of unquestioning obedience to the parents, and as regards the perma nence of the marriage tie it was chiefly a bond that tied the woman to the man. “Her position was one of subordi nation. To-day we admit that the child has rights which we are bound to respect and that the woman is the equal of the man. “The place of woman is to human fee science. She *s to set his tasks. She is to Inspire him to express all that is best in his sonl and mind. Women have always inspired grea# men to develop what was best im them. “The one great flaw in modern marriage is that we are losing sight of the social significance of it, be cause we look at it as a matter of individual happiness. Love has to be reinterpreted. The popular con ception of love is that of a purely ro mantic passion. This is not real love, and when the first glamor has worn off, there is bound to be disillusion and discord. “The difference of real and romantic love is that, under the deceptive light of romance, the lover sees in the ob ject of his affections an exaggerated perfection which does not exist. “Happiness is simply an Incident in marriage and it cannot be made the supreme end without arriving at the intolerable position, that couples may part as soon as their happiness ceases. The great end of marriage is the perpetuation and development of the spiritual life of the race, “The good of society demands that we consider marriage a permanent bond. The individual’s happiness is not of as much account as the wel fare of the race. I deny emphatically that happiness is the highest aim of marriage. “Marriage is a natural tie. and to consider it apart from the perfecting and propagating of the race is to mis understand it. I believe In separa tion, but never in divorce. “People enter into the married state nowadays with no other thought than, that of their own private bliss, and leave the social side of the family to blind chance. "The true purpose of marriage is the growth of character, of the feel ings. of the whole nature in the higher direction. "Plato believed that man and wo man represented each one-half of a soul distinct from the very begin ning to make a whole. Marriage is designed to harmonize whatever dif ference in temperament and taste there may be between a man and a woman. "No matter how accidentally they first met, with the help of the ethical ideal, a permanent union can be es tablished. It is very seldom that a man and a wife match each other so perfectly that they realize Plato’s dream. The vision of Tennyson, ‘She shall set herself to him, like perfect music unto noble words,’ is seldom realized. "I do not deny that there are great disparities, profound incompatibili ties between husbands and wives, just like two persons whose gait ia different when walking. One takes a long stride and the other a short stride; but I maintain that where there is a serious sense of duty, where the ethical ideal is strong, these disparities can he eventually overcome. “Marriage should he permanent, for the sake of the children. Where husband and wife disagree they should make supreme efforts to come to an agreement for the sake of their children. “A child needs both its father and its mother. The greatest happiness in marriage comes to those who do not make happiness the supreme aim. “The best happiness is that which comes incidentally in the pursuit of growth and development. “The best thing that husbands and wives can do for one another is to bring out the highest -manhood and the highest womanhood each in the other. “The social side of marriage and the individual side of it are not con tradictory of each other. It must not be said the individual is sacrificed to a social end. The individual achieves his own highest good here as else where in serving the social good.’’—* From the New York World. , Assets. There is a young fellow in Piu*> burg who will undoubtedly "get along,” although, as yet, he has not succeeded in amassing vast wealth. In fact, he receives a weekly wage of sls. He is, however, an ectremely good looking and entertaining young man, and not long ago succeeded in making such an impression upon the daughter of a well-to-do manufactu rer that it was decided between them that he “should ask papa.” Tills he proceeded to do, and, to his surprise, was received not unkindly. “Well, let's see, my boy.” the old man remarked, pushing up his glasses. "What is your annual in come?” “Well, sir, I should estimate it at $2000," the young man replied. “Well —not so bad. not so bad,” the old man said. "That added to her interest at four per cent, on the $50,000 I have, always said I would settle upon Mary at her marriage would give you S4OOO. You should be able to get along.” “Well, sir. to tell the truth," the young man interrupted, “I took the liberty of figuring that interest inte my estimate.” —Harper’s Weekly. The Reason. Wiggins (to h:s new neighbor t son) —“Where did you live before you moved here?” Johnny—“ Louisville. We moved there from Memphis, and before that we lived in Mobile.” “My! Your folks move around some, don't they?” “Yes. We’re huntin’ for a place where pa’ll find it easier to Woman’s Home Companion. For Mothers. Don't forget that you arc, or ought to be, your children’s ideal of all that is perfection, and that it is your duty to lire up to their ideals In every pos sible way. hfot an easy task, but 'wonderfully* inspiring. ■ “ J FOR BUTTER AND CHEESE. Makers of butter and cheese have found large advantage in using bac teria cultures as starters in their work. These are commercial starters i on the market, but a recent bulletin of the Michigan station tells how every one may make their own start ers, and they are inexpensive. The bulletin says: “Some of the commercial starter usually employed is put Into sterilized whole milk and allowed to develop there for twemcjsfonr hours at a fa vorable temperature. For ease iq manipulation the mine is sterilized in a quart bottle plugged with cot ton. On the second day a portion of this milk is transferred to another bottle of sterile milk to continue the growth of the organisms, and the re mainder is poured into a can of re cently pasteurized skim milk. The. latter is again kept for twenty-four hours at a temperature favorable to the growth of the organisms, and is then used as a starter for sweet cream. At the same time a portion of the second bottle of innoculated sterile milk in which the organisms have been growing for twenty-four hours is transferred to a third bottle of sterile milk, and the remainder of the second bottle of inoculated another can of pasteurized skim milk for the use as a starter on the follow ing day. It is claimed that this meth od of growing bacteria, if properly handled, will maintain a culture that will give uniform results for an indefi nite period. “The starter can be kept for a much longer period, thus saving one-half or more of the cost of pure cultures. "The milk is always ready for inocu lation and the mother starter can be transferred each day when In the best condition and kept vigorous. “In case a starter is not needed every day the another starter can be carried along conveniently without trouble of sterilizing milk. “After a thorough trial we have adopted the method for our daily use. We find it no great task to sterilize the bottles of milk once or twice a month, and the little extra labor thus occasioned is more than offset by the convenience and sureness of the meth od.” SENSITIVENESS OF MILK. (Milk jtesponds readily to sanitary care and handling. In fact, it is extremely sensitive to exposure to contamination and Its usual condi tion as sold In the large cities indi cates that certified milk is cheap at a big advance over the prevailing prices. (Monthly counts for six years of the bacterial contents of the milk supply of Rochester, New York, show ed the presence of about 100,000 bac teria per cubic centimeter in winter and five times that number in sum mer. When the milk was handled Intelligently the average of one-hun dred tests showed the presence of lees than 4.000 per centimeter. The contamination of milk can be in a large degree, avoided by careful ness in milking and cleanliness of the vessels in which the milk is kept. Immediately after emptying the cans they should be thoroughly washed in hot water and scalded, then thorough ly dried and capped with a cheese cloth strainer and metal cover. When the cans are needed for use they are therefore practically free from bac teria end by removing the metal cov ers the milk can be poured through the cheese-cloth strainer into the can and the strainer removed. The meta! caps may thee be replaced and the milk cooled by placing the can im mediately In ice water. The whole operation is very simple and inexpen sive and its adoption by farmers and dairymen would do much to assist In keeping the milk sweet and fresh and In the production of the highest grades of cream and butter. —Epito- mist. HORSES FOR FARMERS TO GROW. Asa rule there may be some ex ceptions—but as a rule the profitable horses to grow on the farm are the big drafters. The Drovers’ Journal says that draft horses bred now are of greater weight than they were a decade ago, as the trend of demand is for horses of weight to move pon derous loads at a moderate pace. A 1400-pound horse is hardly large enough for an expresser, while the industrial draft horse weighs 1600 pounds to upward of a ton. A pair of extreme weight drafters will haul a load of six to eight tons and are mewe economical of maintenance than two pairs of lighter horses that would be required :o perform the same work. The general farmer wants a horse of docile disposition, adapted to work on the farm and easily marketed at a good price. With so many heavy agricultural machines on the farm the draft horse can be utilized to bet ter advantage in general field work than can any other class. Draft horses are free sellers at goed prices from weanlings to mature classes. Their superb qualities have ■been acquired by centuries of meth odical selection and breeding and they have achieved a permanent place in the commerce of nations. Prices may fluctuate with the times, but good draft will always return the farmer a reasonable profit on the cost of production, HICKORY DISAPPEARING. Automobile and carriage manufac turers, along with the men of the al lied vehicle industries, are giving very serious consideration to the question of the future supply of hickory tim ber. For automobile and carriage wheels, where strength, toughness and resiliency are essential qualities, no other wood has been found in this country that will take the plaoe of hickory. Manufacturers say that no steel or wire spoke has yet been found that will withstand the wear and tear of the hickory spoke, and for this rea son the welfare of the vehicle industry seems dependent upon the conserva tlon of the hickory supply. In a re* port of the tests made by H. B. Hoi* royd, forest assistant, and H. S. Betts„ engineer in the timber tests, of the Forest Service, the fact is brought out that there is an error of over per cent, in the grading of vehicle stock, due largiely to the prejudice of the manufacturers against the use of red hickory. It is shown that in clear stock, weight for weight, the red hic kory Is as strong as the white. By bringing this fact to the attention of the manufacturers it is hop-’d that, much of the hickory which was form erly left a-s waste in the woods will be ultilized by the trade, and thus pro long the rapidly disappearing supply of hickory. American hickory users will be obliged to conserve the pres ent supply and take steps to guarantee n future supply by encouraging pri vate planting of the tree, whose wood is becoming more precious each year, GOOD CLOVER SEED. When it comes to paying from $lO to sl2 a bushel for clover or alfalfa seed one should he able to judge some thing of the quality of the stuff he buys. A first rate quality of red clov er seed should be of fair size, pur I pie and yellow colors predominating,, I and always with a lustre. If a sample is small, with many shrivelled, brown seeds in it. it should be rejected with out hunting for impurities. Many ask how to tell red clover from mammoth. It is impossible to distinguish the seed. The buyer must depend upon. I the honesty of the seller. Alfalfa seed has a light, olive green color. It Is about the same size as red clover seed. It has various forms,, hut is quite easily distinguished. The dead and worthless seeds are the brown colored ones. Any sample which contains brown seed should ho rejected. Shrivelled seed indicates that the crop was not mature when it was harvested; brown seeds indi cate old seed —that is, when either alfalfa or clover seed contains a large percentage of very dark seed it is safe to assume that the seed is too old to give good results. A 50-cent tri pod lens will be an immense help In determining the quality of any seed which may be offered for sale. —L. C Brown. HAVE IT FIT. W ’ No one appreciates a shoe that docs not fit. It hurts and there is sure to be great relief when it has been fit ted to the foot. The same thing ap plies to the horse’e collar. Never compel a horse to wear a collar that does not fit him. comfortap.de cows. Keep your cows in such a manner •as to make them always comfortable. A comfortable cow is generally a pro fitable cow and it is the profitable cow that we are all after. FARM ITEMS. Have plenty of fresh air from col lar to garret at all times. Do not keep any part of the house shut up so it becomes foul; let the air and sun shine in. Imagine, if you can, your good housekeeping grandmother buying can ned hash or mincemeat. All skim milk hauled from cream eries to the farm should be pasteur ized. We have no objection to the man “with an ax to grind,” provided he shows the ax and pays for the serv ice. Mighty offensive! A fight over a line fenee handed down as a legacy from father to son. Every hundred pounds additional weight in the caso of a heavy draft hor? Is worth from 25 to 50 cents more per hundredweight when making a sale. A farmer is in position to feed as cheaply as any professional feeder. To sell well on the market horses must be fat. sleek and well groomed. The buyers demand fat. Dining at Rome. As for dining, drinking and display, when did i'h.ey ever fail to play a part in diplomacy? Feeding a diplo mat is as wLe as feeding tha coun try buyer of a wholesale house. It makes him good-natured. There was valiant trencher work at Tilsit. Ar thur Paget took twenty carriage horses to Berlin and imoroverished his estate. John Randolph of Roan oke, ran into debt to entertain as American Minister to Russia. G-ort schakoff was a guzzler; Bismarck was a tremendous fteder, who once ate ]SO German oysters at a sitting. Franklin was a social lion in Paris saloons and spent more money than he could afford. Did not Lord Rose bery say to Ward McAllister; “The canvasback ought to be your national bird, not the eagle?” Do not even congressmen in Washington manage to dine fairly well at times? —New York World. Flower Better Than Fly Paper. Mignonette a substitute for fly pa per! Surely, of any remedy for any bad condition that announcement has a delightful sound, says the New York Press. A woman living in the coun try asserts that in a room where pots of mignonette are set flies will not linger. “Instead of placing those annoying sticky sheets of paper about the room,” says an experienced woman, “or undergoing exhausting ex ercise of driving the pesis out of the place through windows, the bless ed plant just seems to blow them out on a wave of what you and I would call its fragrance.” —Buffalo - News. Ice inches thick will support a man; 18 inches thick will support a railway train. An express engine consumes on an— average 10 gallons of water a mil* J