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The Sea Coast Echo
CHAS. G; MOREAU, PUB, BAY ST. LOUIS, - MISSISSIPPI Helping the farmer to help himself ta the newest agricultural creed. Rainy days bring out the man whft tarries his umbrella as though it were a spear. This season’s precipitation should be conducive to succesful alligator farming. A Norwegian claims that he has in vented a boat that even a boat rocker cannot sink. Automobiles possessed of a wild de eJre to reduce the population should be, suppressed. The reports of automobile accidents are quite numerous for a season which has just opened. The Paris fashions call for corsets for men, but men refuse to be re shaped in this way. A Boston doctor enumerates a dozen causes of spring fever. But h© falls to mention carpet-beating. A frog leg famine Is predicted, but there are a number of citizens who are not in the least disturbed. Of course there is much to be said la favor of the recall of umpires under certain mournful circumstances. About this time of year look out for reports that your favorite ball team Is composed exclusively of cripples. Eggs are only five cents a dozen In China. No wonder that acting there Is regarded as a degrading occupation. Still, the coinage of a half-cent coin would give the typewriter girls the op portunity to use their “W key often- TANARUS, New York's death rate has been halved since 1866. The people whc live there are becoming more hard ened. The invention of a sock that will not wear out is another crushing blow at the good old Institution of mar riage. The fashions for women this year are but a repetition of those of 1835. Clothes as well as history repeat them selves. A poetess asks; “Oh, where does beauty Unger?” Answers from dealers In hair goods and cosmetics should be barred. Many a young man has a bad half hour in (he forenoon explaining where he was between 2:30 and 5 the after noon before. Knitting is used as a cure for bad nerves by overwrought women of Ger many. it seems like a terribly utili tarian form of therapy. Boston is to have a hospital for vic tims of the “blues.” Would it not be cheaper to buy them tickets so they could get out of Boston? In Kansas City the other day the wife of a painless dentist horsewhip ped his office girl. The scene is re ported to have been painful. Telephone girls complain that the headgear they are compelled to wear produces corns on their ears. Still, corn on the ear isn’t so bad. There are reported to be fewer law yers In New York than formerly. Is Manhattan making this announcement In order to induce Immigration? A Denver woman keeps her savings In an icebox, presumably in the hope that some day she’ll have a cool mil lion. The edict has gone forth that wom en’s dresses this year are to have countless buttons. This is where the matrimony rate will take a big slump. It takes a true scientist to wait, when he sees a mosquito biting him, to discover before swatting whether his enemy is a germ carrier or not California traveling men are to boy cott places where tipping is not pro hibited. They will have plenty of places to avoid in this mercenary flay. Boston is to establish a hospital for the cure of the “blues.” This show* what uninterrupted devotion to Rob ert Browning will bring a community to. An expert advises simplicity In cul tivating a garden. After all, the sim plest words are best for relieving the mind when the lettuce turns out to be weeds. The Germans now say bathing mul tiplies bacteria. It. however, reduce* mells. and the one offsets the other. A New York lawyer says that In America the crook runs less risk than the honest workingman. The crook usually gets full value for legal serv ices. The average man is not alarmed by the statement that there are a million and a half microbes on a dollar bill. He doesn’t keep it long enough to In cur danger. After wireless telegraph operators have been placed under government regulation perhaps there will be room for hope that something may be done about palace car conductors and head waiters. "He tthe pedestrian) has a right tc presume that persons in charge of cars and other vehicles will use or dlnary cal'© to avoid, injuring him and govern his conduct accordingly.”— Recent Court Decision. He may have the right. v ßut what will that right avaH him la the next world? GROWING THE TURNIP Some of the Many Dangers of Failure of the Crop. Poop Cultivation, Insect Pests and Dis ease Are Among Most Trouble some Enemies —Birds Destroy Many Wire Worms. (By W. R, GILBERT.) Swedes may be sown any time from the first of May until the loth of June in the northern latitudes; In the south, earlier, of course. It is not my intention to go into the details of cul tivation of this crop, but to point out some of the dangers of failure. These are: Poor cultivation, insect pests and disease. The most troublesoipe insects are the fly, the wire worm and the aphis; The diseases are club foot, or finger and toe and the phoma disease caus ing decay of the bulbs.. The tulip-fly is the most trouble some in dry weather. It frequently clears off the young plants so effect ually that a second sowing becomes necessary. The steps that have been found most useful to save the crop from the fly are good cultivation, thick sowing, stimulating manure, mixing the seed, various dressings and light rolling. Good cultivation, which reduces the soil to a fine tilth, makes all con- Turnip Flea Beetle. dltions favorable for rapid growth, and retains moisture in the soil for sustaining growth. Stimulating manure is a very great help against the fly as it hurries the plant past the dangerous stage. Farm yard manure is not active enough for this, but if in addition to the farmyard manure one hundredweight per acre of nitrate of soda and a suitable quan tity of superphosphate of basic slag be applied before sowing the seed the growth will be rapid and danger of failure reduced. This artificial manure should not be scattered through the soil, but should be laid in a row along the drills, after Cowhorn Turnips, Not Very Good Ylelders, and Subject to Rot. they are half closed over the farm yard manure. The closing of the drills is then completed, leaving the artificial ma nure sufficiently covered not to be too close to the seed, but close enough to feed the young roots soon after sprouting.' Thick sowing is advisable, party for the same reason as the artificial ma nursing, to hurry the crop past the CIMOH Excellent Variety. danger stage, as it is well known that plants placed thickly always grow rapidly. A second reason fop thick Bowing is to have enough plants for some to survive, If the fly should at tack. Mixing the seed of white turnips with the Swedes is useful, as the fly finds the plants of the white turnip more attractive than the Swede. \Vh*?n the time for thinning arrives the less valuable white turnips that survive the fly may be thinned out. Dry, dusty dressings are well known to discourage the fly. The only favor able thing that farmers, can say of motorists is that the *’ust they raise saves from' the fly any field of turnip* that happens next to the road. The dressings usually recommend ed are lime, or a mixture of lime, soot and sulphur. Any dressing of this kind should be put on early in the morning while the dew Is still on the leaves. - A liquid dressing in the shape of paraffin emulsion applied with a spraying machine is also very effective. The dressings here recommended are also useful to destroy the gray aphis, w'hlch appears in the heart of the leaves in the height of summer in dry weather. Rolling an attcked crop or driving a flock of sheep over the field, has White Vienna Kohlrabi Worth Trying. also been held to be serviceable, the object being to disturb the fly, also to consolidate the soil around the plants. The turnip fly Is kept alive on. weeds of the turnip grass, such as preshaugh, shepherd's purse, rocket, etc., and such plants should be rigidly kept down. Also the fly finds shel ter In heaps of loose rubbish around the fences, ?o that tidy farming may do a good deal toward reducing the damage caused by the pest. Wireworms would be reduced very materially If the birds were allowed free range, while the tilage is going on, as wireworms prove an irresisti ble attraction to them. PREVENTING ROT OF PEACHES * Self-Boiled Lime-Sulphur Mixture Hat Proved Best Material In the Southern Belt. Rot is the worst enemy of peach growing in the southern peach belt. The self-boiled lime-sulphur mixture has proved to be the best material to control it. This is made with eight pounds fresh burned stone lime, eight pounds sulphur and 50 gallons water. The lime is started slaking with hot water, then the sulphur is added and as soon as the slaking is com pleted cold water Is put in to check the cooking and the mixture Is di luted to 50 gallons. Properly pre pared, this is very effective, says a writer in the Farm and Home, but much trouble has been caused by al lowing it to cook too long, tvhlch re sults in more or less scorching of the leaves. The first application Is made when the shucks drop from the little peaches and at this spraying two pounds arsenate of lead may be used with each 50 gallons to control the curcullo. The second spraying is made three or four weeks later and the third and final application a month or more before the peaches ripen. Prof. J. S. Norton of Maryland was able to obtain 99 per cent, of perfect fruit, free from rot, black spot and curcullo, by the use of this mixture. On the trees left unsprayed 50 per cent, of the fruit rotted. Collection of Moisture. One way of Introducing roup into the poultry flock, a mistake very com mon with beginners, is to close up the house tight at night, when the weath er is cold, and allow it to remain closed all the next day. Naturally a moisture is created which generates dampness, and the whole bouse will feel like a vault The dampness which fills the house at night, and which usually comes from the fowls’ breath, can easily be dispelled in the daytime by opening all the windows wide. Nothing will dis pel dampness so quickly as fresh air, especially if It is dry. It must be re membered that fresh air never made a fowl sick, and it does not matter how cold the outside temperature may bo. It will benefit the fowls. FARMJYOTES. Wean the calves without suckling. Be gentle with all the animals, es pecially the dairy cow. Damaged feed has no place In the ration of any farm animal. Sorghum is considered one of the most valuable forage crops. Short pastures should be guarded against by the use of the silo. Sore shoulders are the sign of an 111-fitting collar, past or present A few days’ wait, If the seed corn is not tested, may pay large dividends. There is no profit in weeds whether they be in the stable or in the field. Surrounding conditions have a de cided Influence on a cow’s productive capacity. The tester furnishes a standard by which the dairy farmer can measure his cows. Good roads have their influence on every line of activity, but especially on the farmer. The newly-hatched chickens must not be removed from the incubator until they are thoroughly dry. A little sorghum makes a splendid green feed and if there Is any left over for winter fodder It Is worth nrtch. Swine raising will put your farm on a cash basis and enable you to educate your children if you follow it intelligently. Head work gives just as good re turns on the farm as hand work, but the best results are obtained wher the two are rightly combined. Form, color and similar traits may be of importance In handling a cow but the real question of profit is de elded by her vigor and ability U 1 handle food. NICE HAS A DRAGON —■ *i— Strange Sea Monster Causes Panic in Italian City. Residents of La Turble Are Badly Frightened and No One Dares to Venture on Highways With out an Armed Escort. Nice. —They say it Is about two metres long and at least thirty-five centimeters broad, with enormous jaws well furnished with dentistry, but what kind of an animal it is no one knows. For the past several days the residents of La Turbie have been living in deadly terror of it. A search was organized, but as yet only tw'o per sons have met the “thing” face to face. About 11 o’clock In the morning re cently a boy was passing through the quarter known § s “Les Routes.” car rying dejeuner to his father, who is employed in a quarry. Suddenly an animal, stranger than any he had ever seen, appeared in his path. The boy ran, but so did the animal. Just as he was about to be caught the boy climbed on to a block of stone. The animal managed to get on its hind feet and was about to grasp the boy in its terrible jaws when the automo bile which runs between La Turbie station and the Mont-Agel golf course approached. Frightened at the noise, the “wild beast” took fright and fled. The boy shows marks on his breast which he says were made by the animal when it was reaching for him. He also de clares the animal was covered with huge scales. MAY RAISE SUGAR England Plans to Plant Beets on Large Scale. Encouraging Results From Experi ments Made by British Farmers— Will Give Industry Thorough Trial This Year. Jvndon. —A serious attempt is now In progress to make England a sugar producing country. When the ques tion of home grown sugar beets was first brought up seriously some 14 years ago the suganJbounties were un doubtedly one of the chief reasons that discouraged the idea. The British farmer, moreover, is very con servative, and in late years financiers have been more wary than before of home industries, especially if of an ex perimental ne cure. But ivjw both farmers and finan ciers have d.icided to give the indus try a rough trial This year about 3,500 acres between Yarmouth and Norwich have been planted with su gar beets. A ft. ( tOi the manu facture of t erected near Cantley station, Norfolk* in the middle of the district, and preliminary en gagements have been made for the building of two other factor! s. Experiments In sugar beet growing were carried out last year under the OPAL SEARCH TO START SOON Portland, Ore., Folk to Rake Over Material Diedge Discharges for Valuable Stones. Portland, Ore —When the big dredge Columbia, of the port of Port land fleet, said to be the largest single suction digger of her type in the world, began operations in the harbor in pumping material that is to be used in the fill at the side of the Southern Pacific east side freight depot, there w r ere many curious ones attracted to the outfall of the 30-inch pipe line on shore to watch stuff drawn from the river bed. Years ago a fill was made on the east side with a dredge, and opals, agates and other stones were pumped ashore. It is expected searchers will soon be raking over the gravel on the new fill with the hope of finding valu able stones. No Morgan Art for Brooklyn. New York. —Brooklyn will not ex hibit any of the art treasures J. Pier pont Morgan is shipping to this coun try from Europe. This was made known in a letter received by Borough President Steers. He bad suggested to Mr. Morgan that if the Metropolitan museum could not display the art works adequately they could be taken care of by the institution museum. Mr. Morgan re plied from Rome; “I have already arranged with the Metropolitan museum to store my col lection and I can rot, therefore, take up the same question with anyone else so long as they continue to con form to their part of the contract.” Curious Case Before Court Death at Bianvta of Baron de Marchl Gives Rife.to Complicated Litigation. Paris. —An interesting and compli cated succession case came before the first chamber of the Seine civil court. It arose out of the death at Biarritz of Baron de Marchl, who was born in Argentina, and who left an estate val ued at about 8,000,000 francs, consist ing chiefly of house property in Buenos Ayres. Who is to inherit his estate? Ac cording to Argentine law. it was stat ed in court, it is his widow, who be fore her marriage was Comtesse d'Heurtault de Beaufort. According to French law, the heirs are the late baron’s two brothers, one of whom is son-in-law of General Roca. formerly president of the Argentine Republic. A new ermplication arises from an alle gation that Baron de March! was real ly of Swiss nationality. On bebaif of Baronne de March!, BATTLESHIP TEXAS STRIKING THE WATER i SrS** *.,- ,^.> i -~3.^~c^' l < ySjpjMwi i This pnotograph shows the Texas, latest and largest of all battleships, just as she struck the water at Newport News. A posse was organized immediately and started in pursuit, but not even a trace of the animal was seen. Yes terday a laborer at the quarry says he found the strange thing stretched across the Mont-Agel road. The man was on his way to work, and upon see ing the animal he ran all the way auspices of the board of agriculture in seven centers in England. The board’s report has now been issued, and is decidedly encoiraglng for those concerned in the experiment in East Anglia mentioned above. The conclu sion of the board of agriculture says definitely: “There is no question that beets with high sugar content can be grown in this country and give yields equal ing, if not exceeding, those obtained on the continent.” The report points out that “in no case did the crops receive more atten tion than would be given to growing mangolds or swedes by a farmer of ordinary skill. In no case was sub soiling carried out, a practice which on the Continent is regarded as indis pensable. It Is therefore significant to learn that the average yield of su gar beets in Prussia did not exceed six tons an acre, a figure only slightly in excess of the yields obtained at the Devon or Essex stations, which have been characterized as failures in view of the better results obtained at the other stations.” The venture of course has still to be regarded as experimental. It has been proved beyond question that su gar beets will grow In England as well as on the continent. It may be taken as beyond controversy that the crop is generally suitable to English soil. Night Marriage Is Valid Secret Union of Farmer and House- Maid in l/eland Held to Be Binding in Law. Dublin. —Justice Kenney recently delivered judgment in the “midnight marriage case’' of Ussher and Ussber. which came before him in December last. The plaintiff. William Arland Us sher, a gentleman farmer of Eastwell, Galway, sought to obtain a decree of nullity of his marriage with his wife. Mrs. Mary Ussher. The petition was dismissed. He alleged that the marriage was null and void owing to the fact that only one witness was present and that the marriage was not carried out ac cording to the rites and ceremonies of the Roman Catholic church or ac cording to law. The evidence showed that the mar riage took place on April 24, 1910. Up to that time the petitioner had been a Protestant, while the respondent, Mary Caulfield, was a maid in the em ployment of his mother. After 10 p. m. on April 24 the parish priest, the Rev. Joseph Fahy, went secretly to the house and was taken upstairs to a bedroom. There he received Mr. Ussher Into the Roman Catholic church, baptized him, and then performed the marriage ceremony between Mr. Ussher and Mary Caulfield. The marriage was kept a secret and a child was born in January. 1911. Justice Kenny held that the mar riage was valid. His lordship said it was clear from the evidence of the Me. Ijeouzon-Leduc urged that the court had no jurisdiction in the case, which was adjourned for further hear ing. MAN IS GIVEN HONEST CARD Passport it Last issued to New York Mechanic Arrested as Burgiar Sixteen Times. New York.—The first passport ever issued by the police department of York given to Ralph Fisher, an honest mechanic, who has been ar rested 16 limes during the last few weeks, charged with having burglar tools in his possession. Fisher is a night worker employed by a company which repairs kitchen utensils In big hotels and restaurants. He receives many emergency calls during the night and has to take along his tools to make repairs, Fisher told Police Commissioner Waldo that, in addition to having been back to the village. He swore h would never go to the quarry again. Ha Turbie residents who do not b© lieve in material manifestations of th supernatural say that the animal is s crocodile which has perhaps escaped from a menagerie. And why not, they declare, “Marseilles had its tiger!” More than soil, however, has to b< considered, and great field experi ments on the scale now being at tempted in East Anglia differ from trials on small plots. The difficulties in the way of thi? new industry are, however, well worth facing. England pays annually to the continent for beef sugar no less a sum than $90,000,000. To grow at home crops worth even a moderate percentage of that amount would be a huge boon for the English agricul turist. TO DIG INTO MAN’S PASI Yale University Expedition to Peru Will Try to Find Bones of the Ancients. New Haven, Conn. —The next expe dition to Peru, which will be made this year under the direction of Prof, Hi ram Bingham of Yale, will not be geo graphical as in the case of the last ex pedition, it was announced at Yale recently, but will concentrate its work largely in that region where the hu man bones were found under a gla cial deposit which indicated a mini mum age of 2,000 years. It is believed that with a combina tion of geographical research and pros pective new’ discoveries of human rel ics much light will be shed upon the age of man in South America. In con nection with this investigation there will also be research in architectural remains of the Incas civilization and of the periods which preceded it. Most Rev. Dr. Gilmartin that in the eyes of the Church of Rome the mar riage was absolutely ineffectual, and that the petitioner and respondent were living in a state of sin. But he (Judge Kenny) held (hat marriages between Roman Catholics were governed by the common law of the land. They were in law r uninflu enced by the decree of the council of Trent requiring two witnesses. The intention of the parties to be married was clear, despite petitioner’s contention that it was a contract con ditional on their being married sub sequently in a manner that would be approved by the church. Aged 88 She Picks Cotton. Athens, Ga.—An Athens cotton Arm has received from a patron at Com merce. eighteen miles distant, a bale of cotton that was picked out of the field by a white woman eighty-eight years old, Mrs. W. H. Gordon. During the pleasant weather in the early fall, Mrs. Gordon spent five days in the fields near her home and picked leisurely the 1.400 pounds of seed cot ton which were to make the pressed bale of 453 pounds of lint cotton. The cotton graded high, as the aged woman had taken pains to remove every particle of trash from (he fleece lock by lock. Grocer Objects to Law. London.-—Obeying the new half-hol iday law, a Bristol grocer closes Sat urday afternoons with this notice: "By order of the most tyrannical govern ment since the days of Cromwell.” arrested 1C times, he had been inter rupted almost nightly by policemen and detectives, who mistook him for a burglar. All members of the po lice department have been notified of the issuance of the passport which Fisher will carry with him on bis nocturnal errands. Auto Coach Escape* Bandit. San Antonio. Tex.—Throwing on full speed and dashing wildly over the rough road, the driver of the Sonora mail automobile coach avoided a hold up recently. The robber appeared at a lonely spot on the road between Concho and Devil’s River. One shot was fired, but the auto-coach was soon out of range. Tubercular Deaths Decrease. New York. —In the decade from 1901 to 1910. the death rate from tubercu losis in the United States fall from 196.9 for each 100,000 persons to 160.3 a decrease of 18.1 per cent., while the general death rate, including all causes of death, declined only one half as fast, or at the rate of 9,7 w cent, from 1,665.0 to 1,496.8. SSHen teINET S ii t- >SKw h. hv ■ J/L tain have a longer day than those who live in the valley. Sometimes all we need to brighten our day is to rise a little higher. TIMELY SUGGESTIONS. Small pieces of toilet soap, too small to use. should be kept In a small jar, and when a sufficient amount Is col lected boil with w'ater until dissolved. Use this liquid soap for the shampoo, and there never will be the possibility of having small particles left in the hair. This is an excellent soap for the children to use, and they like It, too, especially the boy with the grimy hands. Milk that Is slightly scorched may be redeemed by putting it into a clean dish and letting It stand in cold water. A good way to warm rolls or muf fins: Lay a cloth in a colander or a sieve, and place the rolls in it over the teakettle; the water can be boil ing for the tea or coffee and the roll* heating at the same time. Every cellar should have a partition or closet shut off from the rest, whero the potatoes, fruit and perishable foods may be kept at a temperatur* below fifty. A most dainty dessert and one which. If the materials are at hand, may be prepared In a short time ia the following: Peel and cut In halves sufficient peaches for the number to serve. Whip cream, sweeten and fla vor and a few r marshmallows cut into quarters. Another unusual peach dessert Is this: Place the halves of very ripe peaches on slices of angel cake and pour over sweetened whipped cream. Do not tax the brain after a hearty meal, as the blood Is all needed In the digestion of the food; if both func tions are at work, one must suffer. Grape fruit salad with a French, dressing is an excellent digester at the end of a heavy meal, and makes an appropriate dessert. Asparagus Is said to be an excel lent remedy for rheumatism; it is at least a pleasant one, and leaves no such after effects as many of the rheu matism medicines do. When cooking beans for Boston, baked beans, always soak them over night, and a little soda added while they are parboiling will soften the skins. Beans should be baked at least eight hours in a moderate oven. Keep them covered until the last hour. A little mustard added to the molasses gives a good flavor to a pot of beans. Many like an onion baked with them for flavor. O ESCAPE a blue Mon day You must spend well your Sunday. We shall be so kind in the afterwhlle. But what have we been today? We shall bring to each lonely life a smile. But what have you brought today? A FEW TIME SAVERS. Any stove blacking will stay on longer and be free from dust if a few drops of molasses are added to the blacking before using. Teach the children to open beds and windows wide before leaving their rooms in the morning, and when it is time to make up the beds the room will be well aired. Kerosene is a magic cleaner. Wipe* out the boiler with a dump cloth dipped In kerosene. The sink will be | kept free from grease and streaks if wiped with a kerosene cloth. When food has burned on In a ket tle or saucepan, remove at. once and add a little soda and cold water and boil. It will then be easy to clean the dish. When moving day comes, the door of success will be opened with the key of system. Follow a plan and keep a note book, if memory is faulty, and much will be saved of work and hunting when the time for unpacking comes. China should be packed in barrels with the edge of each plate and sau ! cer down. Excelsior or hay is a good medium for packing. Glass should have an additional wrapping of paper or cotton batting. If the rugs are rolled on poles they are easily moved and as easily placed Once a week put salsoda or some equally good grease remover In tWc sinks and drains and follow with a good flushing of hot water. When putting anything very hot intr glass dishes set the dish on a wet cloth and the danger of cracking it lessened. When dusting a sick room, use bat ting that has been moistened in a steamer over hot water, then burn ihe batting after using, and all danger from germs will be avoided. | A bottle of glue that has been opened will be kept free from sticking If a little lard or fat of any kind Is ■ rubbed around the edge of the bottie before the cork is replaced. Use salt water and a brush to clean j bamboo furniture, then rub very dry I with soft cloths. And There You Are. Self-made men brag of their rise, and their daughters boast of their descent. —Llppincott’s. _______ 1 Have an Ideal. If our minds are resolutely set on an ideal good, ami if we follow this with an inflexible patience and per j sistency. then, though we may often blunder in our choice of ways and means, somehow' the grace and sweet ■ ness of our inner life will pass into i tur children’s hearts.—J. W. Chad wick. The Japanese Coal Supply. It is estimated by the Japanese that i their coal supplies in the Fuabun co> 1 'irv amount to SCO million tons.