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| . &MD OTMM I 7^ immm HES Yoshihito became the reigning sovereign of Japan he found him self in a position com parable to that of no / emperor on earth. Oth er emperors, western and eastern, are but human. Yoshihito in the eyes of his subjects Is divine. The succession of oth er emperors Is clouded and disconnected; that of Yoshihito is complete and self-suf ficient. One hundred and twenty 'hird sovereign of his line, he traces his royal descent back to the mists of the world, back six hundred years and more, before the time of Christ, back, in fact, to the great heroic age of Japan, when two gods were called upon to create a land from the liquid Islands of the air—and they created Japan. From these gods he claims de scent, and not even the most highly educated and scientifically minded Japanese will dispute it. That is the chord of belief which no modern so phistication can pierce. The dead Mntsuhito has taken his harborage with bis fellow gods, and Yoshihito, reigning, is of his blood. This, in part, explains the attitude of veneration in which the Japanese regard their ruler, explains the sonti im Tit which marks him forth from brother sovereigns. It is a sentiment which few Japanese will discuss. “It is a sentiment,” said one to the writer, “which it is impossible for a Japanese to analyze, and which if an alyzed no foreign mind could compre hend. ■i f springs partly from the intense idealism of the people and is really a peculiar form of patriotism. It is as if the Japanese nation were rev erencing itself, for it believes that it, too. sprang from the gods and that it is of the family of the emperor. To a nation which reverences its ances tors, the emperor represents a link between the present Japan and every thing that has gone before —a link perhaps, between the material and the spirit world. He is at once an element of mysticism and the embodi ment of material national strength. It is as if,” —the Japanese gentleman paused —“you could merge the senti ment of a Roman Catholic for the pope and the affection of a people for a great king.” “Will the present emperor preserve for himself the full sentiment which the people had for his father?” wras asked. The. Japanese shrugged. “In a measure, perhaps. Wholly, perhaps not,” he answ r ered. “That he will command a peculiar reverence is certain from the reasons I have given, which are inherent in the nation. That the affection of the people will be as great as that given to the late emperor is doubtful. You see, the last sovereign inspired and con trolled Japan from its growth from a feudal land to a world-wide nation. From the time the great princes or daiinios surrendered their powers and estates to the granting of a modern and voluntary constitution in 1889, his was the Initiative of each successive ad vance. He had done more even than the nation expected —certainly more than ever had been accomplished for a nation before. That record was per sonal to him and is responsible for the personal love with which he is regard ed. We honor and reverence the new’ sovereign—yes. He is emperor, he is the embodied spirit of Japan. But, love? Even an emperor must earn love for himself.” So enters Yoshihito, the new em peror of Japan, upon his kingdom —- the recipient, in western eyes, of strange marks of Japanese respect. For if the race follows the precedents given to Mulsuhito, Yoshihito’s name will not be pronounced by any of his subjects. “The sovereign,” “the emperor,” he will be; never Y'oshllilto. To call the name of Yo shihito will be sacrilege. It would be as if a shrine had been assailed. And that is only a small indication of the respect which the Japanese will give him as a sovereign. No man or woman will sit before him. None, if convention be maintained, will speak directly to him, for It Is the custom to address the emperor of Japan only through members of his household. Tn his presence even the greatest will look upon the ground, unless the em peror be placed at some elevation, when it is permissible that the eyes be raised, and even this is a conces sion to the new world of things in Japan. For Mutsuhito, the dead emperor, DON’T MARRY A GENIUS. History Shows Men of Extraordinary Talent Neglected Their Wives. It is fine to be a genius. But it Isn’t always quite as pleasant to be his wife. Here are a few' cases that seem to prove it: Shakespeare’s mar ried life is supposed to have been mis erable. We know f that Milton’s was. Bernard Pallissey’s wife starved while Biggest Bakery on Earth. The largest bakery in the world Is located in Essen. Prussia, the home of the great Krupp gun factory. It Is a vast building in which 70 work men, divided into two shifts, work night and day. Everything is done by machinery. A screw turns unceas ingly a kneeding trough, into which are poured some water and ten sacks of flour of 2,000 pounds each. This machine makes about 40,000 pounds of bread each day In the shape of 35,000 •mall loaves and 25,000 large loaves. passed the first sixteen years of life, unseen by any foreigner, unseen by any but his personal attendants, who were of his family. In conference even w\£i the greatest of those who ser his face was never shown, for hrj|.t hidden within a canopy, on the loV, throne-platform from which his orders came. Till sixteen years of age he had never walked —and the art of walking was with him a stiff and Marsh practice to the end. New, too, is the wild acclaim of innumera ble “banzais” whenever the emper or’s presence is observed by the peo ple'—for it came into Japan within the last fifteen years and in the skirts of progress. Before that time a dead silence had spoken national respect — a dead silence and eyes lowered and the shuttered windows of houses along the street. Yoshihito ■will undoubtedly be viewed by hia subjects as closer to the human species than any of the emperors that preceded him. For even his father began his reign as the practical prisoner of his own deifi cation. Prior to 1868 he —as were his predecessors for hundreds of years — was the splendidly isolated but prac tical prisoner of the shogun, in whose hands the real administrative power lay. The generalissimo of the forces, the shogun, also controlled the ad ministrative functions of government, while the emperor himself was mere ly a splendid figure—too sacred by far to indulge in the ignoble occupa tion of “doing things.’’ And the personality of this new rul er, who commands medieval respect from a nation so ultra-modern as the Japanese? A slight, small-chested figure, of in expansive shoulder and somewhat frail build —a figure with a head ab normally large, coal black eyes, the coarse black hair, the somewhat sombre expression, and the undershot y. si/ EMPEROR YOSHIHITO. jaw of the great emperor, his father. In his august position today he seems somewhat of an anomaly to the west ern eyes, for he is not the son of the empress of Japan, but of one of Mutsohito's lesser wives, the Countess Yanagaware, and chosen by the last emperor as that sovereign’s successor under the law* of Japan. He is thir ty-one years old, and with the excep tion of a slight illness, hardier than he has ever been. Fsr Yoshihito has been a frail fig ure since Infancy—a sufferer from a constitutional complaint which car ried off his elder brother, and which the unusual size of his head sufficiently suggests. He is a sufferer from wa ter on the brain, which, however, im pairs his mental faculties not the least, but only renders him unusually her husband burned up her furniture to further his pottery inventions. Neither of Napoleon's two wives was happy or well treated. Julius Caesar was a notoriously bad husband. Henry of Navarre was a worse one. Byron s wife was made wretchedly unhappy by her husband. So w f as Shelley’s. Laurence Stern’s wife neglected, as was Boswell’s. Nelson’s wife was forced to leave him. These are but produced by 230 sacks of flour of 200 pounds each. All operations of bread making are performed in this colossal bakery. The wheat arrives there, is cleaned, ground and brought automatically to the kneading trough by a series of raising and descending pipes. There are 38 double ovens, and the work men who watch over the baking of the bread earn from eight to ten cents an hour, making an average cf 90 cents a day for 11 hours on duty. They have coffee and bread free, also the sensitive to nervous diseases. He is spoken of as serious and bright and with some pretense to social instincts unpossessed by his parent. Third among the sons, and one among the twelve children of the late emperor, Yoshihito had no greater reason to expect a succession to sov ereignty than had any of his broth ers, had they lived, for it is the custom of the emperor to nominate his suc cessor from the most likely material —only being limited by the fact that he must be of royal blood. The death of his two elder brothers, however, opened up vast royal perspectives to Yoshihito, and in 1887 he was nom inated heir apparent, being pro claimed crown prince in 1889. Yoshihito’s life in its earliest years reflected the changed condition of Japan. He was brought up democrat ically, and attended school in the Col lege of Peers, which is intended for the education of princes and nobles, but which is open to all. Here he worked with the rest, possessing nc privileges unpossessed by the most obscure, and with a punctuality in sisted upon from even him, the de scendant of the gods. In this way came the comparative development of his social instincts, for, unlike Mut suhito, he prefers to talk directly with his company than through the august intermediary of court officials. Later, however, he came under the cara of a tutor, General Oku, who w r as assisted by a Mr. Adachi, who seems to have been linguistically inclined, for the present emperor speaks Eng lish and French, as as German. From General Oku he studied mili tary tactics and early proved that in Japan royalty is something of a talis man. At thirteen he was a lieuten ant, at sixteen colonel of the Japanese army. In these early years, from our western viewpoint, he lived a life of remarkable independence of parental control. He occupied; almost from in fancy, a palace of his own, not, how ever, distant from the emperor’s. With all this atmosphere of the feudal, however, Yoshihito is thor oughly in accord with the modern spirit of his country. In many re spects he is tinged with European habits to a degree not even ap proached by his father. In 1906, when his three-storied pal ace was built at a cost of $300,000, it was European rather than Japanese in character. Even in his unofficial moments, too, he uses European dress. Such is a slight portrait of Yoshl hito, new emperor of Japan, who, pre sumably, will desert his own palace and inherit that in which the late em peror lived. a handful of instances out of hun dreds. It Never Falls. Yeast —They do say when a man’s ears are red that somebody is talk ing about him. Crimsonbeak —Yes, and he can bet that somebody’s talking about him If his nose is red. Striking Results. “I was struck with her expression." “Yes; it made a great hit with me.* use of a bathroom, for they are re qulred to keep themselves spotlessly clean and must wash their hands eight times a day. Picked Up. Art Connoisseur —Where did you get this daub? Friend —I picked it up at a studio, said something nice about It out of politeness, and the artist gaVe It tc me.” Art Connoisseur (sadly.)—You can’l be too carefuL “BATH TUBS" AS USED FOR DIPPING CATTLE The tank here shown Is used for dipping cattle in the treatment of mange, ticks, lice and other vermin or skin diseases, says the Orange Judd Farmer. The coal tar products advertised as dip solutions are most gen erally used as the liquid material in the tank; of course properly mixed with the water. CATTLE IN THE SOUTH Tennessee Man Believes Oppor tunity Is Attractive. Cotton Growing Portion of United States Makes Less Provision for Feeding of Live Stock Than Any Other. I do not believe there is another region in the civilized world as large in area and containing as much live stock that makes so little provision for the feeding of the stock as the cotton-growing portion of the United States. The universal custom there in feed ing the grain is to use corn, and for roughage corn fodder is almost wholly used. Besides the corn fodder quite a considerable quantity of pea hay is used, and a few 7 people use some millet. With the exception of some oats shipped to the south, which is fed to horses in cities and towns, all the grain fed to horses and mules is corn, -writes O. T. Robertson of Tennessee in the Farm Progress. On the cotton plantations corn is growm in large quantities to feed the mules and hogs and for bread for the people who live on the plantations and do the cultivat ing of these crops. After some years’ farming In Ten nessee, I concluded that it w 7 as as easy to grow 7 hay and grain in the entire coixon-growing region as in any state north of the Ohio river. 1 found that on good soil a mixture of timothy and redtop made good growth and was excellent hay. On rich, moist bottom laud Ber muda grass also made sufficient , ■ • h to be mowef.. and It made fine hay. Where' there leas rich bottom laud Infested with Bermuda, it has been the custom of some to plow and harrow the Bermuda sod and sow cowpeas, a bushel to the acre, and harrow them In. The mixture of cow DEVICE TO SHARPEN SICKLE Invention of lowa Man May Also Be Used for Grinding Chisels, Axes and Other Tools. In describing an Invention by G. TV. Hoadley of Garden Grove, la., the Scientific American says: The principal object of this inven tion Is to provide anew and improved grinding machine made up of parts which are so arranged that the grind ing wheel may be adjusted to differ ent bevels and angles when it is de sired to sharpen the sickle of a mow ing machine, the construction and ar rangement of parts being such that the device may also be used for grinding chisels, axes, and the like. W&r n 4 f&'v vj Grinding Machine. The device Is also adapted to be held In such a position that it may be used ns In the ordinary grinding wheel. Th* view pictures the device in use in grinding a mowing machine sickle. Killing Cockerels. As soon as the cockerels weigh three-quarters of a pound they should be penned for ten or twelve days and fed all they will eat ef corn chop or we t mash composed of two parts corn meal one part bran and one part low grade flour. If this mixture can be dampened with skim milk, it w ill add much to its fattening and bleaching qualities. Birds that are being fat tened should be fed in troughs rather than in litter, as exercise at this time Is not conducive to gains in weight. The birds should be kept as quiet as possible. Sheep are Dainty. Sheep will not eat hay that has been mussed over by other animals. They are the most dainty animals on the farm. They do not like grain from a crib full of rats, either. Comfort on a Farm. If the farm is stocked well with well-bred cattle, horses, hogs and aheep, and sickness does not afflict his family, and his home is adorned with magazines, papers and books, the farmer has every element of social and Intellectual contentment. Sign of Good Condition. Bright red combs and wattles are >od condition. pea vines and Bermuda grass made most excellent hay. After plowing and harrowing the sod, the grass would come up thick from the roots, and the mixture of grass and peavines would make the best of hay. * . Another grass that makes a heavy growth, and much pasturage or hay, is Johnson grass. But I would warn everyone against getting m farm in fested with Johnson grass: It is a very good pasture and hay grass, but there is no known way to get rid of it if once it gets a start on a farm. It is claimed by some that no one has ever been known to eradicate John son grass when it once got a start. Bermuda is almost as objectionable, but it is generally admitted that it can be eradicated. Prom my own experience I would say it was next to impossible; but this is at least true: When Bermuda gets possession of land, you can plow and harrow 7 , and plant a crop of corn or cotfon in it. For awhile you may think it is gone; but it is very certain to come back, "and keep on coming back; but you can cultivate the corn or cotton and make a fairly good crop in spite of the grass. As cotton seed meal’and hulls both make good feed, and on bottom lands large crops of corn can be made in the cotton states, it has alw-ays seemed to me that if enough young cattle, of fairly good quality, can be bought in any of the cotton states, it would be a very successful plan to buy these young cattle, which always sell cheap, and pasture and feed them to supply the local demand for beef. The cheapness of labor will make the cost, of handling such stock very low; and pea hay, Bermuda grass hay and corn and sorghum fodder should make the cost of feeding very low. Such stock finished with oil meal and hulls and a reasonable quantity of corn, make very good young beef. If w r ell-bred bulls were introduced say Short-horn or Angus, to cross on the native stock, the half-bloods should make very good beef animals. This Industry has simply been neg lected, yet I am sure the field is a very promising one. GENERAL mRMWTES Sour slops have no place on the well regulated farm. The well fed sow givers the pigs a good start in life. Can you tell just how aiuch it costs to feed a cow a year? A storage place for eggs should be free from any bad odors. A strong fowl should have a medium large, bright red comb and wattles. The first effort in producing growth should be to make it gradual. The food of the sow before farrow ing should be nutritious, but not con centrated. Pot bellied colts tell tte story of improper feeding, slow grcwth and de velopment. Try the hogs on good, clean water and see how much they will make way with in a day. When there is plenty of good pas ture is the best and cheapest time to prepare sheep for market. Hens lay as well without mating, and infertile eggs do not deteriorate nearly so soon as do fertile ones. The man who has a promising heif er calf should not let go of her at any sum the butcher can afford to pay. It is reasonably certain that a sow is a good milker if she raises a good ly number of pigs and does it well. Give the chicks, especially the late ones, good care, that they may be kept growing and be ready for the winter laying campaign. When the farmer raises a horse himself he has much more assurance that It is equal to his requirement* than if it were bought. Onions should be marketed In thin barrels having numerous openings for ventilation, and headed with burlap. Fifty-six pounds of dry onions are con. sldered a standard bushel. A milk ration Is good, -but never let it stand long enough in the chicken yard to attract flies. This should be avoided during the heated term. Es pecially keep the perches and nests clean and gather the eggs daily. Buy the Best. . Better buy the best rams you can secure. A few extra dollars on a ram makes a lot of difference in the looks of the flock- 'The mutton part costs the same, the extra money expended all goes to buy the quality and we cannot get too much of that. An International prize-winning ram to use on grade ewes. This is what an Illinois farmer did last year and he says be never did better with sheej In his life. . •• .• ■ .’tvP"^-fT •■ •■ . --•■? -; '.l*'':?Ziyi--' .*. ■ v-cv':' : ,’- ■’ • ' Myiarchus Crinitus Is Champion Bug Catcher WASHINGTON. —The department of agriculture, in a long biolog ical treatise, whatever that Is, claims credit for discovering the one omniv orous fly swatter of the country. Of course the department doesn't call It that. It is known by a long scientific nomenclature, printed in italic. Trans lated, this devolves itself into *‘fly catcher,” or words to that effect. The “catcher,” according to the de partment’s experts, is widely different from the generally accepted “swat ter." It is a long, thin-shanked bird about the size of a robin, and wears a tuft of black feathers in the gen eral vicinity of its wishbone. The best thing this bird, the “great crested fly catcher,” they call it. does. Is sit on a fence rail and survey the landscape. This it does dolefully and without enthusiasm. By and by a fly or some other insect comes flying along. A short spurt,* a click of a pointed beak, and it is exit Insect. The pamphlet issued by “Tama Jim” Wilson’s department contains a study of the life and habits of the great American fly catcher. Depart mental experts, on adventure bent, went forth into the rural sections armed with butterfly nets and six shooters and captured a large number of these desperate birds, thereby causing a large increase in the fly population. Bringing the birds to Ban on Kissing One’s Wife at Park Resort F YOU kiss your wife in Glen I Echo park on Sunday you will lose five pounds of tobacco. “If you kiss some other man’s wife It will cost you your life.” This was the disconsolate wall of Manager Schloss of the park the other ■day. “What is the trouble, Mr. Schloss?” he was asked. “Guess,” said the manager. “Blue laws?” “Righto,” said Mr. Schloss. as cheer fully as a crutch. Schloss is aggrieved that Mont gomery county is now playing In the Blue Law league, and he says it hurts the batting average of the park. “Why, just think; there was a time not so far distant, when the turn stiles at the amusement places clicked until they resembled the ex haust of a motor boat. “But them was the halcyon days,” he muttered. “It used to be that the band crashed out the airs that made the crowd forget that they had ‘noth ing to do till tomorrow.' Now' the band plays only one air that keeps the crowd.” “What is it, Mr. Schloss?” “ ‘Abide With Me.’ ” This little conversation with the manager took place just after Sheriff Howard of Montgomery county gave an imitation of making an arrest. When the sheriff had finished his lit tle act he had four violators. They Turn a Bright Searchlight on Capital Spooners ° more spooning on the upper il decks in the dark corners,” is the edict that has gone out from the offices cf the St. John and the Charles Mac Alaster, two pleasure boats that ply tho Potomac river between Wash ington and Marshall Hall. “Stop promiscuous hugging, kiss ing and flirting on the approaches to the capitol,” is an order issued to capitol policemen. The new rules on the St. John and the Charles. Mac Alaster prohibit kiss ing of all kinds —the ordinary catch as catch can, as well as the soul kiss, which becomes an endurance contest. The rules also prohibit: “Embracing, means a slight squeeze or the grapple of the to-have-and-to hold kind. Government Is Willing to Pay Money for Bugs THERE has been found a man who not only wants bedbugs, but Is willing to pay five cents each for them if delivered alive. This unique demand comes from O. M. Zimmer, superintendent of the United States agricultural experiment station at Vienna, Va. He has hung out a sign advertising the fact that bedbugs are worth just a nickel a piece at his establishment, and prom ises to buy all that are offered up to the value of |5. Strange to say, Mr. Zimmer v ae been unable heretofore to buy all the bedbugs he desires for his purpose, which is to set them to work exterminating another insect which is destroying an orchard on the experi mental farm. It is believed that the residents of Virginia are shy about ad mitting that they are familiar with the habitat of bedbugs by bringing in any captives, even at the price of five cents each. The postofflce department, on the Furious. First Deaf Mute —“He wasn’t so very angry, was he?” Second Deaf Mute —"He was so wild that the words he used almost blistered his fingers.” —Pittsburgh Leadev. Washington In cold storage, the stom achs of some 3,398 were examined. These stomachs, according to the re port, were about five per cent, stom ach and 94.99 per cent, obnoxious in sects. Or. at least, the 94.99 per cent, thing represents the portion of obnox ious insects on their daily bill of fare. Whether they take them ala carte or table d’hote was not dwelt upon in the report. There are seventeen species of these birds. The aggregate benfits of their depopulation of the Insect kingdom are enormous. Under these conditions farmers wilf hardly begrudge them the 5.1 per cent of vegetable food they filch from the cherry and grain crops But insect killing is only one of the fly-cat dher’s accomplishments. He is the bravest bird in the air, and fear lessly attacks crows and hawks many times his size. He will assail a haws in midair and follow him for miles The great falcon, too cowardly to fight and too slow to dodge, can only put on full speed and leave the conn try. In this way fly-catchers are a great benefit to the poultry raisers. This great crested fly-catcher, by the way, is a bird of marked individ uality. Like other bold creatures, he is something of a grafter, and fre quently drives bluebirds and wood peckers from their nests that he may use them himself. One of his pecul iarities is to always place a shed snakeskin in his nest. This trait has greatly puzzled naturalists, for nothing in nature is without a reason. Miss Neltje Blanchan, a woman orni thologist, suggests that the fearful sight of a snakeskin, greeting the newly hatched fly-catcher, may be what causes the feathers on its little head to stand erect. were Miss Orrle Smith and Viola Col lins. ticket sellers, and Cissel Hus band, w’ho operates a “wicked" mer ry-go-round, and Leroy Hill, who runs the miniature railroad. Sheriff Howard personally had col lected evidence against the resort. His methods would have done credit to Sherlock Holmes. He purchased tickets and took a ride. There may have been dryer places in the w T orld than Glen Echo, but they are not mentioned in the afternoon meetings of the Dorcas society. If any fellow took his girl to the park expecting to cut up and buy lemon ade or soda pop, he gets caught steal ing second. Rockefeller could not have bought a wet glass. The Sahara desert was a cloudburst compared with the park. There never was a time at Glen Echo when a man person eould buy a drink with a headache hung on in stead of a green trading stamp, but pop used to run wild in the streets. One child called its father “pop." and nearly caused a riot. ‘‘Such phrases as ‘Baby Doll ’ ‘Dear ie,’ and ‘Honey Boy.’ “Holding hands, If the grasp is not too tight, and the resting of the arm on the back of the chair occupied by the object of its affection, are per mitted.” “Break away, there.” is the com mand given by the officers on the St John and the Charles Mac Alaster, and at the capitol, when they come upon spooning couples. If the order is not obeyed, a very brilliant searchlight Is turned on the guilty persons. For many years dark spots about the approaches to the capitol have been used by courting couples. It was not unusual to see as many as 25 couples hugging at once In the cozy nooks that flank the senate and house wings of the building. The officers will try to check this. There Is no objec tion. they say, to gentle cooing of the turtle dove variety, but when it come* to going into an embrace that lasts they call a halt. The river men and the capitol offl cers caught the spirit of reform about the same time. O r ZIMMfR n STAX' herb f\\.- rt ,CHr HE'LL 9 BfD ' BUGS THAU other hand, is opposed to bug conser vation, and is seeking some method of exterminating “water bugs.” It has been found that water bugs have an abnormal appetite for the glue on postage stamps, and are rapidly con sumlng the "stickum” In many post offices. The use of poison is not al lowed, because of the danger to hu man beings who are accustomed tc moisten their stamps by licking them Neither do the authorities dare tc turn loose in the postofflces any bug enemy of the water bug. Consequent ly, they are in a quandary and would like to have someone point the way out. His Job. “What are the principal activitiei of the official position our friend occu pies?” “Those involved In, holding oa to It,” replied Senator ?orgbam.— Washington Star.