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A becoming arrangement for the
hair Is u very Important feature of the bride’s altar getup, and this naturally includes the right draping of thd veil; bo it would be ridiculous to claim that any one style of coiffure is to be used, for the lines of hairdressing must con form to the size of the head, the cut of the features and the height of the bride. But, for the most part, hair dressing is done on a very elaborate scale, and to accomplish the vast structures piled upon heads many false pieces are needed. These go under names too numerous to mention, but the bang, the switch, the psyche puff, the cluster puff, the transformation and the pin curl are some familiar titles. In buying any of these pieces by mail, the bit is matched to a lock of hair from that part of the head where the false piece would be worn. Thus bangs and transformations are matched to the front hair, switches are judged by the tints of the back ahir, and so on. The reason for this particularity is that naturally colored hair Is of many tones, and these seem to dispose themselves over the hair as they see fit; wherefore It,is easy enough to tell dyed false hair at a glance, for the changing tones of the natural color cannot be imitated. So dyed false hair Is without the com mercial value of the false pieces in natural colors, and when the tint re quired Is a rare one the false fixing is still dearer. All those shades of brown whiqh have a drablike tint, Titian red reddish gold and golden and white blonde are dearer than oth er colors. Avery handsome hair arrangement for the bride who is not too tall —that Is, much taller than the average wom an —is called the “coronation,” this lending itself most charmingly to the lace veil put on In cap fashion, as is shown by the bride of the fashion pic tures. For this style, which is rather intended to give a little height to the figure, the hair is parted in the middle, and two braids are carried around the head to form a large knot, showing from the front view of the head. This knot gives the support needed for the rnop arrangementthe veil, which Is fastened to it with a wreath of orange Social |oi:iti^ 6J/Jc/ |^p|p For Club Entertainment, 1 belong to a ladies' club. The ages of the members are from twenty-live to fifty. Will you please suggest some way of entertaining them? I would tike something in which all might take part. —Violet. A number of ladies spent a most enjoyable afternoon in this manner; Each one was asked to dress her hair to represent some famous woman. It was surprising what a change was wrought in the appearance, and it was a jolly crowd, 1 assure you. Some of the personages were Martha Washing ton, Mary Queen of Scots, Queen Vic toria. Queen Alexandra, Frances E. Willard. Priscilla, etc. Old pictures furnished the ideas. Programs and pencils were passed and a prize was given to the lady who guessed the most and one to the person who re mained the longest unguessed. I should think this would furnish en tertainment for your club. Regarding Mourning. Would It be proper for me to re ceive a gentleman caller while I am still wearing black and my mourning veil? I have worn It a year. I would not go driving Sunday because I didn’t know whether It was proper. How long does one usually wear the mourn ing veil? Would it do for me to wear It with all white dress? In taking off mourning Is it necessary to wear Mack and white a while before you go out In white?— I ’M. B, There Is no harm In receiving calls while yon are in mourning. About the driving, you must be guided by your own feelings. All white Is considered mourning and black and white half mourning. A year is long enough to wear a heavy veil. Compensation for Organist Is It the custom to pay the organist st a wedding for her services. If you are well acquainted with her; If so, what compensation would you give her? —Blanche. If you are well acquainted with the young woman and hesitate to offer her money, give her something to equal what she would receive In money from a stranger, for an organist Is always paid for a wedding. 1 cannot set the amount not knowing her terms. ■ Duties of Brldel Attendant, Will you please tell me what the duties of the bridesmaid and grooms man are, also at a home wedding who should receive the guests at the door? --Mabel. A* a bams wedding the mother and blossoms, the tac border ef the veil falling about the face la a shaped frill. Such veils, be It understood — those with lace borders —are more widely trimmed at the bottom and sides than at the top, so the lightly trimmed and narrower end Is shaped as it should be for a pretty fall about the sides of the face. With the “cor onation” coiffure a ribbon is often worn about the braided knot, this end ing in a bow without ends at the side. For classic, statuesque types lace veils are far more becoming than those of tulle, which seem rather to belong to youthful brides of saucy or demure types. For the bride who is much below the average height, the hair ig always piled at the top of the head, the knot often taking a pointed form, which is. of course, emphasized by a cunning massing of the lace or tulle veil worn. The bang will be a salient feature of the coiffure of every girl who can wear the forehead fringe, but the bang is the merest cobweb, and It is slight ly waved or left straight, as suits the face. The fringe is also quite short, and when it seems unadvlsable to cut the natural hair for it, the little piece, delicately woven to a silk thread, is bought in false shape for about seven ty-five cents. A narrow, ventilated and naturally curly bang of “convent hair” in every shade Is sold for a dol lar and a half, and where the forehead is very high, and the face thin, this is very softening to the features. The smartest tendency of all coif fures is toward a distinct flatness of the top of the head, where the hair is parted at the middle or at one side; from the parting, wherever disposed, the side locks go back with a light waving, and the large knot of braids, or puffs and curls is placed high enough to show all the of the neck, and besides, elongates the back of the head to a great extent. This flatness of the top and rear extension gives the head a very lovely contour, and if the face needs the softening of little curls they are put in many places—at the nape of the neck, below or above the ears, or else in the round or pointed rear knot. As to the deep waving once done at the sides and un der the back hair, it is still a feature of the coiffure’s waxen ladies, but is by no means so conspicuous on human heads. The undulations admired are wide and loose, as if the waving were natural, for this method certainly gives a very legitimate look to the artificial ity. Ornaments for the bride's coiffure are numerous enough, some very splen did bandeaux of pearls being seen, as well as pearl combs and barrettes and pins. But if the veil is to cover the whole head, as it generally does, the ornaments had better be of shell in the color of the hair, as in this way they will not conflict, with the half oi whole wreaths and the separate knots of orange blossoms, used upon pins, for fastening on the veil. father of the bride receive the guests; in other words, those who issue the invitations are the host and hostess of the occasion. A bridesmaid, if there is no maid of honor, immediate ly precedes the bride, stands beside her and holds her bouquet. The groomsman supports the groom, en ters with him, produces the ring at the critical moment and relieves him in all possible ways of the details of the preparation. For a Scotch Entertainment. Will you please give me some sug gestions as to representing some Scot tish character or books for an enter tainment. —Lassie. “The Heart of Midlothian, - ’ "Annie liaurie.” “Scottish Chiefs,” “The Mon astery,” “A Highland Laddie,” “Ivan hoe” (carry a small hoe). If you go to the library doubtless many others will be suggested. For a Dinner Dessert. Is maple mousse suitable for a din ner dessert? How is it pronounced.— M. E. Maple mousse is delicious for des sert and always acceptable to every one, as maple flavoring is a general favorite. Mousse is pronounced ex actly like moose, a deer. Picnic invitation. Here is the invitation sent out for our club picnic that you helped us with when I wrote you a few' days ago: (To be sung to the tune of “Annie Laurie.”) You are cordially invited our picnic to attend. delighted this message now to send. (Individuals can put “I surely am delighted.” Next Tuesday morn’s the time, and the place: And so we send this little rhyme to help ’way gloom to chase. The dashes can he filled in as de sired. —Sarah. MADAME MERRi, DOTTED VOILE WAIST This pretty waist is of white voile with blue dots, trimmed around the yoke with a band of blue soutache. The yoke is of white tulle or voile, ornamented in front with buttons and finished at the neck with a lace ruffle little ruffles of the same lace trio the sleeves at the bottom. ( WAS SHE SELFISH? Cupid Thought Not and Wat Right. By M. DIBBELL. “The game isn’t worth the candle," said Jocelyn dejectedly. “We posi tively can’t live on in this way; the ends simply won’t meet —I must go to work at something.” “But what can you do, child?" queried her sister. “You have never learned anything but housekeeping well enough to teach it, and nobody wants lessons at that.” ••Well I might at least keep some body’s house." “Oh Jocelyn, Is it not better to starve respectably than to go out as a common servant?” “It certainly is not. I have a good healthy appetite every day of my life, and I Intend to do my best to produce the three satisfactory meals which Providence intended me to have. Besides, a housekeeper is an important person nowadays—she over sees the doings of everybody else.” “Where do you expect to find such a responsible position? They don’t go begging?" “Now r my great secret shall be di vulged,” Jocelyn answered trium phantly. “I had a long talk with Mrs. Derment before she returned to the city this fall, and she quite approved of my idea. In her letter which came today she says that a dear friend of hers is in such poor health that she is no longer able to look after house hold affairs, but cannot bear to think of giving up her home. Mrs. Der rnent told her about me, and was au thorized to make me a proposal. The salary Is generous, and she is sure I will like Mrs. Norton. So can you suggest any reason why T should re fuse such an offer?” Miriam only gasped, as she gazed into the eager face of her energetic young sister. "You dear old Miriam —you just can’t help knowing that it Is the very best thing on earth I could do. You can live here In peace and comfort and come over to see me if you get ‘‘You Don’t Know the Meaning of the Word." lonesome, I have kept the best part of it till the last —Mrs. Norton lives over on the highlands, only thirty minutes on the trolley.” Relief succeeded dismay in Miriam’s eyes. “That will be con venient to have you so near at hand. I was beginning to wonder how I could exist with you away off where I could never see you. You are a brave child, and I believe you could not help succeeding at whatever you undertook.” The week following, Jocelyn New r ell started for the Norton home to as sume her duties as its housekeeper. “Remember I shall come to see you every Thursday afternoon,” she called back to Miriam, as the big suburban trolley started. Jocelyn received a cordial welcome from Mrs. Norton who had taken a liking to her young housekeeper at their first meeting. “I am so glad that I am to have someone who can take charge of everything,” she said with a relieved sigh. “Now I can rest in peace, and rest seems to be a perpetual demand with me nowa days.” “When you don't have anything to think about except how to get well and strong you will find yourself rest ed before you know it. I am s>ing to see that you do get well —that is one of my duties as housekeeper," and Jocelyn’s cheerful voice gave her employer a pleasant thrill. Mrs. Norton was alone, and her ill health was largely the result of sor row over the loss of both her hus band and an only daughter. Her In terest la life seemed dead, but the presence of her cheerful young house keeper caused It to show faint flut terlngs of life, and as the months passed she found that existence was not after all an entire blank. The two women became fond of each other for the girl made valiant efforts to Interest and amuse her em ployer; and great was her satisfaction when she saw in Mrs. Norton a marked improvement both in health and spirits. The weekly visits to Miriam were faithfully paid, and the elder sister seemed cheerful and contented when they met; so it was a shock to Joce lyn when one day in late spring she received a call from Oliver Craig, one of the favorite bachelors of her home village, and was severely taken ta task by him for leaving her sister to die of loneliness. When she tried to defend her action he waved aside her explanation, but his next words opened the mental eyes of his bewildered listener. “The only way out of it Is for Mi riam to marry me. I have been want ing her to do it for ten years. I am not going to sit quietly and see her >ine away before my eyes—l want you :o tell Miriam that it is her duty to >e my wife, not to keep a home for rou as she has always insisted. You vould be as dear as a sister to me and cool* have a horn* wltk ms always It JO* would.” „ Lr , r L r -'nr Jocelyn gave a little laugh. “Tom nearly scared me to death, bat now I see through yonr deep laid scheme. You know I hare always liked you, Oliver. Why didn't yon ask me to help you before, instead of keeping your courting of Miriam secret all this time? To-morrow is my day for visiting, and 1 shall surely lay town the law to my dear old goose of a sis ter. She shall be happy, even If 1 have to force her Into It." ‘What a dumb-head I have been," remarked Oliver disgustedly. ‘1 never dared speak to you on the subject for fear you would go into hysterics—Mir iam was sure the mere suggestion would break your heart.” He gave Jocelyn’s hand a brotherly squeeze as he took his departure. Jocelyn kept her word, and on the day following gave Miriam a severe lecture on her duty to the man who had loved her so long and waited for her so patiently. Before she left, a brother-in-law for herself had be come an admitted possibility in the near future. On returning to the Norton resi dence after this interview, its house keeper found unusual signs of ex citement. \ “Oh, Miss Newell,” was the grey ing of Mary the parlor-maid, “Mre. Norton’s nephew has come, and they have been talking together ovbr an hour. Mrs. Norton said put him in the blue room, and he would stay a long time she hoped.” “I am glad he has come, Mary: it will do Mrs. Norton good and we must make him comfortable.” Jocelyn hast ened to her room, feeling to her own surprise decidedly blue. Removing her wraps, she threw a shawl about her shoulders and slipped out of doors. Mrs. Norton and her nephew r were evidently settled for the evening, and a lonely feeling came over the young housekeeper as she heard their voices in passing. After rambling for some time in the moonlight, Jocelyn seated herself on a bench by the boundary wall, and faced the situation. “What a selfish thing I am! Just because Miriam Is to be made happy in spite of herself, and Mrs. Norton has the only per son she has on earth left to love come to brighten her up, I fall into the dumps! It’s a nice way of practicing the Golden Rule.” But this self directed lecture failed of its effect, for to Jocelyn’s disgust she found herself sobbing softly. She rubbed the tears fiercely away. “Why Miss Newell, what is the matter?” asked a sympathetic voice, as Jocelyn gave a final dab. She looked up with a start to find herself confronted by a tall young man, who continued, “Aunt Alma sent me to bring her treasured housekeeper in out of the dew, but she will be sorry I found you in tears. Can’t I do something to help you?” “No, for I am crying because I am the most selfish creature on earth.” she answered. “Should you sympa thize with someone who cried be cause she was going to have for a brother-in-law a man she had always liked?” “I should sympathize with my aunt’s housekeeper whatever her trouble —she has told me all about you—but lam glad it is no worse.” “Mrs. Norton Is the best woman that ever lived.” Jocelyn rose as she spoke. “I must see that she is prop erly fixed for the night. Please don’t tell her what a goose I have been.” “You need not fear that I will be tray a confidence,” he answered. Eugene Ralston proved a great ad dition to the household, he carried both Mrs. Norton and her housekeep er off on all sorts of excursions. “I am a stranger and want to see the country,.” was his excuse, and Joce lyn silently blessed him as she saw the pink beginning to creep back Into Mrs. Norton’s cheeks. Miriam was married to her patient Oliver in mid-summer, and the couple went for a short trip; but Jocelyn found that only joy for her sister filled her thought. “I must be growing less selfish —I certainly hope so,” she said to her self. On the night of the wedding Eugene Ralston and Jocelyn strolled together. “It seems better to have a brother in law that you feared, doesn’t It?" Engene asked. "I am delighted—l begin to hope that I am overcoming selfishness.” “The idea of your being selfish— you don’t know the meaning of the word.” Jocelyn laughed. “That only shows how little you know of the real me." “I know that Aunt Alma found ft new lease of life when she found you, and I know that when I found yon I found the one woman In the world for me. Jocelyn will you marry me, and let me love you forever?” Jocelyn’s answer was peculiar, but entirely satisfactory to Eugene. "1 •thought I was overcoming selfishness, when it was only that I was learning to care for you—what an awful hypo crite I —” But the hypocrite’s lips were sealed. (Copyright, 1912, hr -Associated Liter try Press.) Graphite Industry Grows. Although their existence was long known and mentioned in print as early as 1681, the graphite deposits of Cey lon were not exploited until some time between 1820 and 1830. Joseph Dixon Is said to have imported a small quantity into the United States in 1829, but it was not until 1834 that the Industry assumed any commer cial Importance. From that time to this, as a result of the growth of met allurgical industries and the resulting demand for refractory materials, the industry has developed rapidly, until at present graphite Is subordinate only to tea and the products of the cocoa nut palm among the exports from Ceylon. The graphite is mined either from open pits or through vertical shafts connecting with underground workings. Asa rule the mining methods are still crude, the acme of mechanical ingenuity being reached in a windlass operated by five or six men for hoisting the graphite in a sort of tub. The workmen usually ascend and descend by means of rough wooden ladders, tied with jungle ropes and rendered exceeding ly slippery by the graphite dust and water. MTlftll IKlNftfltf Hun mil Ivlv .Pueblo Indians Used and Duo Great Canals. rlrt Systematic Employment of Ar tificial Streams in the Arid West by English-Speaking People Mad } by the Mormons. Salt Lake City, Utah.—Hundreds of thousands of acres of valuable land have been reclaimed in the arid west through the means of irrigation.' The mountain streams have been dammed and their waters diverted to irrigate vast tracts of Great electrically-driven pumps have been installed to raise millions and millions of gallons of water from the depths of the earth So be flooded over the dry lands in order to stimulate the growing crops. But, it must not be forgotten that Irrigation in the west is nothing new, although many of these recent sys tems are numbered among the gigan tic engineering ventures of the world. The first systematic employment of irrigation in the arid west by English speaking people was made by the Mormons, who, expelled from their earlier settlements in the Mississippi valley, sought refuge in the unknown desert regions, and at last, after ex periencing great hardships, were compelled, through necessity, lo halt and settle on the shores of the Great Salt lake. Here the soil was found to be so barren that crops could not be grown by ordinary means, and, forced through fear and privation to adopt new and extraordinary de vices. they turned the waters of the little canyon streams upon the ground where Salt Lake City now stands. After many years of scant success or disheartening failure they succeeded in mastering the art of ir rigation, and under the wisdom of their loaders they have become a prosperous people. Ix)ng before the Mormons came, however, small sections of the dryer portions of the greast west were be ing cultivated through irrigation. The ancient canals of the town-dwelling Pueblo Indian .tribes may still be seen in the broad valleys of the arid portions of New r Mexico and Arizona. On the mesas, or highlands, of south western Colorado and the adjacent sections of Utah, Arizona and New Mexico are to be found the remains of the wonderful cliff dwellings, and in the little near-by valleys are the irrigating ditches used by the inhab itants of a thousand of more years ago. The descendants of these tribes till a portion of the lands which were supplied with irrigating ditches and canals at the time when the Spanish first came into the region. They fol j low many of the practices of their ! ancestors, having been influenced but slightly by contact with white settlers, who, rather, have learned from them how to successfully cultivate the soil. The Mexicans of mixed Spanish and Indian blood gradually pushed up Into this region, and' from the neces sities of the situation adopted irrigat- Once Arid Portion of Arizona. ing methods. Ditches dug by them are to be found along the Rio Grande as far north as Colorado and the trib utaries of the Arkansas river. The early Spanish missions of the Pacific coast also practiced irrigation, and in southern California particularly, are still to be seen the ruins of substan tial masonry dams and headworks which were constructed by Indian labor. SUFFRAGISTS TO DARN SOCKS Prove Domestic Proficiency at State Fair in Minnesota —Also Adopt Slogan In Rhyme. Minneapolis, Minn.—ln order to dis sipate the Impression that women who yearn to drop their ballots in ballot boxes at real elections don’t know the first elements of housekeeping, Minne sota suffragists will maintain a booth at the state fair where every man, whether married or single, may hava his hose darned. The following war cry also has been adopted: Darn the government; darn the socks. That*' the way to the ballot box. Patch the holes In hubby’s hose, March to the polls and voice our woes. These campaign measures were adopted at a meeting of the suffragist executive committee here recently. DRINKS; MAKES NOVEL PLEA How Nyack (N. Y.) Man Was In Jeopardy Twice for Same Offense —Judge Rules in His Favor. Nyack, N. Y. —A novel point o! law has been raised here by Benja min Bryant, a one-time lawyer, who has arraigned before Justice Levison charged with drunkenness. He had been before the same court the day before on the same charge and re leased. “You are charged with being drunk,” said the magistrate when Bryant appeared the second time. “What have you to sayT* “Your honor,” answered Bryant, “this Is the same ‘jag’ and the consti tution says that no man can be placed In jeopardy twice for the same of fense.” “The point is well taken,” said the Judge “Yo" ®re discharged.” BY WM j Mr. William A. Radford will answer questions and give advice FREE OP COST on oil subjects pertaining to the subject of building, for the readers of this paper. On account of his wide experience as Editor, Author and Manufacturer, he !s, without doubt, the highest authority •n all these subjects. Address all inquires to William A. Radford. No. 17* West Jackson boulevard, Chicago, HI., and only •aclose two-cent stamp for reply. I i - -- The house here illustrated is built on a plan that many -might say be longs to the “old school;” but it has a good deal to recommend it. Those who appreciate plenty of light and air like to have rooms built on this plan, because they can have all the win dows they want, and have them so placed that sunlight can penetrate into every room. The first houses, built when the country -was new to white folks, were square or nearly so. Then, as more room was needed, they were extended in one direction, keeping generally to one room in width. When the limit In this form was reached, some bright, Intelligent fellow branched off at right angles, and built a room on the side of his house. This must have been considered a great innovation, as well as a great invention; and so it was, for it has been handed down from one generation to the next, and we still find the idea worth adopting. There is no record of the original house built on this plan; so we do not know whether it had an upstairs or not; but there is a good second story to this house, and there is also a good cellar —another feature that the origi nal architect didn’t understand. It is necessary to “hike" back to those “good old times” when luxuries ap proached closely to what we call pri vations, in order to appreciate what we now have. We could live as the early pioneers did, in one-room houses built with an ax; but we should rather not do It in the winter time. There are. how ever, a few principles that were work ed into those early habitations that we cannot get away from, and we do not want to. One is the open-air free dom, the light and cheerful setting of trees and clearing, and the open fire • ■ : place, the cheerful warmth of which still lingers In our hearts as a heri tage from primeval days. As this house is 30 feet wide and the projections at the roof gables are extra, it needs considerable room. The law has decided that you must not bang your roof over your neighbor’s ground, so It would be Impossible to put this house on a narrow-minded ryw*:' hgo-m ~ | u&y/S-o * //0* I iL/HSMT XCO'. f I FOPCS/ First Floor Plan. city lot. If you want to build on this plan, you must have room enough to look out in every direction. There is another advantage in a plan of this kind, and that is the possi bility of extending it at the back without interfering with the original plan. Some houses may be enlarged when the family increases, while oth er plans cannot be altered without tearing the whole house to pieces. There are only six rooms in the plan as designed, but the rooms are all large. If an eight-room house is want ed In the years to come, the only thing necessary is to add a wing at the back similar to the one in front, and make two rooms that can be reached without any objectionable features and with no alteration in the original plan except the cutting of two doors. It is not desirable, as a general thing, to build a house smaller than you really want, with the expectation af making it larger afterwards; but there are a great many different exist Profitable Recreation. The sand bin, the slide, the giant stride, the horizontal bar, indoor baseball diamonds (for boys and for girls), courts for volley ball and thether ball, running track and jump ing pit, and a skating rink where the climate permits: these are some of the desirable features of an up-to date school playground, as planned by Mr. Henry S. Curtis in a bulletin just issued by the United States Bureau of Education. Mr. Curtis shows how the attitude of the public has changed tn the last ten years, since the great i!tg circumstances, and changes In families are continually taking place. It is customary, under certain condi tions, to build a bouse larger than necessary, and to leave some rooms unfinished to save expense at the time of building; but it is quite unusual to select a plan with the expectation o! making alterations. In fact, it usual ly is very undesirable to do so. One feature about this plan that will strike everybody favorably is the possibility of building it for about $1,600. In these times of advancing prices, no one expects much of a house for any such price. A man f TXO WG. V I Second Floor Plan. would have to manage very carefully to get this house for (hat amount of money; but it can be done in localities where building materials and labor can be had at reasonable prices, and provided the owner understands how to lake advantage of such conditions. FAMOUS RELIC OF THE PAST ,-i _ • rcn Pillar of Delhi, Made of Welded Metal, Was Wrought Some 1,500 Years Ago. The famous “Iron Pillar” of Delhi, which stands in the inner courtyard of the “Quth” mosque, about nine miles south of the modern city, has always excited the interest of metallurgists and engineers as well as historians, it was probably made about 413 A. D., and moved to its present site In 1052. As it 1b between 23 and 24 feet high, 16 inches in diameter at the base, and 12 at the tip, and probably weighs over six tons, its manufacture at so early a period as the fifth century par takes somewhat of the marvelous And it was rendered even more of 3 maniiy factoring wonder when the discovery; was made some years ago that it wan a solid piece of welded wrought-iron. The curious yellowish tinge of the up per part had led to the belief that It consisted of brass or bronze. The weld ing together of such a mass of metal in these primitive days, centuries be fore the era of modern forges and drop hammers, must have been a mighty troublesome job for King Can dra’s iron workers. Some years ago Sir Alexander Cun ningham had a rough analysis of the metal in the Pillar made, which finally proved it to be wrought Iron. Sir Robert Hadfield, a past president of the British Iron and Steel Institute, recently obtained new samples of the column and subjected them to a care ful and \ery thorough analysis—"the first thorough analysis," ho believes. The result was as follows: "Carbon, 0.08; silicon, 0.046; sulphur. 0.006; phosphorus, 0.114; Iron, 99.72; total 99.906.” Plainly a really excellent type of wrought iron, says Sir Robert, and much to be wondered at when the date of its manufacture is borne In mind. The small quantity of sulphur indicates the use of unusually pure fuel, p obably charcoal. The absence of manganese, an element usually present In wrought Iron, is also of In terest. The specific gravity of the metal was found to be 7.81. 1 Low Wages for Lacemaking. The hand-made lace Industry U Im portant In Belgium, but has been In jured by the advent of the machine made product. There are about 60,000 women, mostly working women, in East and West Flanders, peasants in the country districts, who produce lace valued at about 14,825,000 yearly. The wages of these workers are only ,450 to 30 cents a Gay. i play movement burst upon us. Ths typical school playground used to b as bare and forbidding as a prison: the modern spirit requires that it shall be roomy, inviting, well cared open at all times to the children, and equipped with every safe means foi : enjoyable, profitable play. I'_ * ■ t Popular Hymn. “Nearer, My God, to Thee;’* th hymn, has been so far popularized b> the band of the Titanic that it has been translated into French and is o* ing sung by Uine ant musicians.