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Stilts in the Hop Fields The great hop fields of England have many picturesque sights, none more eo than that here illustrated. The man on lofty stilts is stringing the cords for the hop vines, and it is claimed in this way one man can do as much as eix in the way of standing on step ladders. The stilt walker’s feet are strapped into special overshoes fitted to the rests. TRAFALGAR RELIC* IS SAVED i j I i w I I V After lying in the Hamcaze at Dev onshire for over a century the two decked line-of-battleship, Implacable, one of the trophies which Nelson won for the British navy, has been moved to Fal mouth, where she is to be pre served as a national monument. The Implacable was originally the French battleship, Duguay Trouin. She was captured by the British in the wars of over a century ago, recaptured by the French, and again surrendered to the British at the battle of Traf algar. Renamed the Implacable, she was for many years employed at De %onport as a training ship for boys. In 190S the admiralty put her in the sale list, but before the sale she,w r as withdrawn to preserye her. She has been restored at Devonport as nearly as possible to her original state. JUST FOR NIGHT WORKERS For the men and women who are forced to turn night into day in earn ing their livelihood anew hotel in New York has made arrangements to turn day into night. One floor of the hotel, the sixteenth, will be operated on an inverted schedule for the bene fit of night workers. Persons who occupy rooms on the floor, which has already been dubbed the "Sleepy Six teenth,” will sleep in the daytime, have their breakfasts served in tha afternoon, their luncheons in the evening and their dinners after mid night. No one sleeping on that floor will be awakened until nightfall ex cept upon personal orders, and all the routine work of cleaning and bed making will commence in the evening. In arranging the “Sleepy Sixteenth” the management of the hotel outfitted it particularly for the night workers, theatrical men and women, customs house inspectors, telephone and tele graph executives, newspaper men and train dispatchers. The floor will be a hotel within itself, with its own res taurant, elevator and telephone serv ice and* its own corps of clerks and servants. It will be a place to sleep in the daytime, and the watchword of the day employes on the floor will be "Hush!” WHY THE MILK TURNS SOUR Perhaps you have often wondered why it is that if you let milk stand for a short time, especially in warm weather, it will turn sour and be come unfit to use in your tea or cof fee; but if it is boiled and then sealed up in some sort of airtight can or jar. It will keep any length of time in any weather. Many persons believe that a thun derstorm will turn milk sour, and if jou ask them what the thunder— w hich is nothing but noise—can do to the milk, you will find that they have no idea, but they just know it is so. So there! The reason that milk turns sour is that it contains a small microbe that makes an acid from the sugar in the milk. When the milk iy boiled these microbes are killed, Um mid to never developed. Warm air, and even electricity in the air, is very favorable to the rapid growth of these microbes, which are really a sort of plant, and all plants flourish in warmth. The acid which is made by these microbes in the milk is called lactic acid, and if the milk is good and clean, it is none the worse for turning sour, al though it is not just the thing to put in tea. For some persons sour milk is a much more wholesome drink than sweet milk, and is recommended by some doctors for the cure of certain diseases. There is a famous Chinese statesman who believes he will live to be a hundred and fifty because he drinks so much sour milk every day. WILD HORSES IN COLORADO James and Jess McCarthy, who are mining a copper claim above timber line on Mount Blanca, Colorado, re port a herd of wild horses runr’ng loose on the sand dunes of the Un comphagre range of mountains, south west of Mount Blanca and Mosca pass. The McCarthys declare the hoofs of these horses have spread out to ac commodate the peculiar formation of .the grounds over which they run un til they have attained the circumfer ence of dinner plates. Many other prospectors to the mountains have seen the horses, and a peculiar story is related concerning their presence on the dunes, which are very rare in vegetation. It has been told, on good author ity, that many years ago a party of government surveyors was sent to de termine the scope and character of these dunes, and after many months a searching party was sent after the men. The only trace of their pres ence was a surveyor's instrument, which stood like a lonely sentinel in the sands. ONLY 25,000,000 YEARS OLD Perfectly formed fossils of the trilo bite species, the highest animals of the Cambrian formation, declared by palaeontologists to be more than 25,- 000,000 years old, have been unearthed in British Columbia. First Studio In the Congo I IIIMIIWBMHMMMKM-MWIi yrm ryi.JW'MIWMaMMWM —I 111 ■■irTManSKaSSMSnBJMeesaMBMeeBOMenWMSSBaSMMaBeeaSWaMBBWM An enterprising Englishman. H. W. Davies, has established what is, nc doubt, the first photographic studio in the Belgian Congo, near Elizabethvilie. .it is said to be much patronized by the local chiefs. The premises, though not perhaps as palatial as those of some photographers, are certainly pfcturesoue. , QUEER ORIGINS OF WORDS “O, dear!” is equivalent to O dio mio, “O. my God!” “Dandelion!” Is dent de leon (the lion's tooth), and “vinegar” was once vln aigre (sour wine). Madame is “my ladiV,” .and sir has been extracted from the Latin “se nior” through the French. “Biscuit” keeps alive the Latin bis coctus (twice cooked) and a “verdict is simply a vere dictum (true say ing). Kings In the earliest days were merely the “fathers of families,” and the word is derived from the same source as “kin.” A “villain,” before the stigma of disgrace was attached to him, was a laborer on the villa of a Roman coun try gentleman. Pope is the same as “papa,” and czar and kaiser are both “Caesar. Queen at first meant “wife” or “mother,” and a survival of its early signification exists in “quean ’ used now only in a bad sense. “Hussy” was once a respectable housewife; a “knave” w r as simply a boy. Quelquechose we have jumbled Into “kickshaws,” and our “gew r gaws rep resent the jouxjoux or playthings of former French children. "Jimminy” is a reminiscence of the classical adjuration, O gemini, used by the Romans when they called up the twins, Castor and Pollux, to help them. “Powwow” comes from the North American Indians. The word boss comes from the low Dutcn and means master. Kidnap conies from the napping or stealing of a kid, gipsy for child. Calaboose, a prison; picaroon, a pi rate; palaver, to talk, are ail Spanish. “A rum chap” is simply a gipsy lad; it has no relation to the product of the still. PaP is a brother, and “conk, for nose, conies from the spouting foun tain, the concha of the Romans. Demijohn comes from the Arabic damaghau, itself taken from the Per sian glass making town of Demaghan. The common slang word “mash is from a beautiful gipsy word ma fada,” which means “to charm by the eyes.” Why should a man be called a spoon? Why spoony when he is mak ing love? Simply because he is a “loeffel,” which also means spoon. A tinker’s dam has nothing to do with swearing. It is merely the dam or stoppage, made of flour and water, with which the tinker stops the gap he is mending until the tin or the pewter he is using has cooled. HORSE OMNIBUS AS CURIO In London, as in other cities, th automobile is displacing the horse to such an extent that horse-drawn ve hicles are becoming very scarce. Not long ago a hansom cab was placed in the London museum at Kensington palace, and now, in anticipation ol its becoming a forgotten curiosity, a horse omnibus of the “knife-board’ pattern, dating from the seventies, has been placed in the same museum MAN HAD SEVEN SPLEENS An autopsy performed by Dr. A. W Foertmeyer on the body of Fran! Heley, wflio died at the city hospital of Cincinnati, revealed that Heley had seven distinct spleens. In an ordinarj body only one is found. The man’s heart was found on the right side ol the body instead of on the left. ASKS KISS, ENDS HER LIFE Miss Ada Welch of 2206 Olive street St. Louis, accosted a stranger on th< street in Pascogula, Miss., saying; “] have been mistreated by the world and now before I die I w’ant to feel for once in my life the touch of hu man kindness. Please kiss me.” The man kissed her. Then she drank poi son and died instantly. . Farmers’ Educational Fiji and Co-Operative Union of America * Matters & Especial Moment to L_J the Progressive Agriculturist Any animal fed on cornstalks ought to be very husky. The flour merchant always takes the mill for the deed. Somebody calls thinking the tap root of good farming. Stretching the imagination will not make both ends meet. Use the best at hand, that the hoped for better may come. Keep a keen lookout for the sharper, so you’ll know him on sight. The farmhand is so close to nature’s heart that he can hear it beet. When the harness is stolen, not a trace of it is left by the thief. High thinking is in no way respon sible for the cost of high living. Many a man who thinks himself strong-minded is only bull-headed. A notary public will acknowledge a bad man’s good deeds everytime. A full market seldom has anything in ctvmmon with a full pocketbook. Comfort is better than a lawsuit over the disposition of the property. That crop pays best which with draws the least fertility from the soil. It is better to be thinking than drinking, even during carnival time. The best way to conserve our for ests is to build homes with the tim ber. Failure overtakes the man who is going down hill—never the man who is climbing. Running expenses that try to keep pace with fast living are sure to keep a man behind. The boy who spends ten of his best years sowing wild oats usually reaps screenings the rest of his life. The consumer pays a dollar for food; the farmer gets less than 50 cents for it? Who gets the rest? It is a fine thing to have a great thought, but it is a much finer thing to pass a great thought on Jo others. CO-OPERATION IN FARM WORK Several Lines Indicated in Which Principle Will Help Farmers Financially and Socially. The American farmer is slow to appreciate co-operation as applied to farm work, and he cannot grasp it at all unless he is imbued with an altruis tic spirit, a disposition to help his neighbors as well as himself, and thus fullflll the Golden Rule. - Until comparatively recent years the farmer has been obliged to depend upon hirraelf. All through the last century he has made his living by muscular labor and his wealth by the advance In the price of land where the land His isolation has compelled him to rely largely on himse/f and has made him vAat the scientists call aa individualist, a man who relies on his own unaided strength and resources. The time has come, however, when co-operation is quite as necessary aa individual effort has been heretofore. I am not advocating what is usually called cooperation in buying and sell ing, in operating creameries, in dis posing of live stock, but minor or lesser forms of neighborhood assis tance in farm operations, writes W. H. Underwood in the Michigan Farmer. We, as farmers, should learn to w T ork to each other’s hands as we have never done before;and I venture to Indicate several lines in which co-op eration will not only be mutually help ful in a financial way, but vastly im prove social conditions as well. The purchase of farm machinery, which the shortage of labor absolute ly requires, is becomihg a very heavy burden on the 80-acre and quarter section farm. Farming cannot be done now as it was a half century ago with a plow' or two, one harrow, a wagon, a horse-rake, a cradle and a scythe. A hay-loader, .*> a corn harvester, a blinder, two or three different kinds of plow's, harrows and rollers are needed. The silo has come into general use, and a silage cutter and some kind of power to run it is required. A manure spreader and grain drill are needed whether the farm is a 40, an 80, a quarter-section, a half-section or a sec tion. Now there is no necessity for any one man owning all these tools. By a little planning two farmers, or perhaps three, can use one corn har vester, one silage cutter andpporer,w r er, and by combining labor can fill their silos at minimum expense. On the small farm there is no need for every man to own § grain drill. With a little management one grain drill will do the work on several small farms. It can usually be arranged for one man to buy the drill and the rest to pay a stated price per acre for the use of it. The same is true of the manure spreader, although I think every farmer really ought to have one for himself. There is nd need of farmers along a straight road to town having bad roads, except, perhaps, for a short period in the spring. If they will simply agree to bring pressure to bear upon the overseers to put that road in order, and then agree among them selves ‘that they will drag it after every rain and every thaw' there will, be no difficulty about getting to town in comfort ten or eleven months of the year. Farmers can greatly aid each other by coming to an understanding as to the kind of cattle they are keep ing. especially if they are engaged in dairying, and by agreeing with each other as to the purchase of sires, will be able to keep the good ones, sires of proven merit, in the com munity, to the great benefit of every individual farmer. Breeding Ewes. Ewes will not breed well when too tat PUN FOR COTTON PLANTERS If They Should Succeed They Must Adopt Methods Used by Big Corporations, Says Carter. While in Baltimore recently T. W. Carter of Jackson, Miss., president of the Mississippi division of the Farmer’s union, talked at some length to a representative of the Baltimore American of conditions in the south. Mr. Carter is also president of the National Warehouse company which is an offshoot of the union and which was founded for the. purpose of as sisting the southern planters in the marketing of their chief crop. “The cotton planters,” said Mr. Carter, “can only succeed by adopting the methods used by' the great busi ness concerns of this age. I do not refer to monopolistic combinations, but to the approved, up-to-date methods that successful corporations employ. Individually the producer down on our plantations is too feeble to protect himself; he is usually hard pressed for cash and is forced to sell his bales for whatever the buyer chooses to offer. It is high time to ring down the curtain on such a bar barous epoch of agriculture. Rec ognizing that the individual is power less, the producers have at last seen that their only solution lies in their collective strength and that safety and financial independence can only be gained through concerted action. "The plan of our warehouse com pany, which is but three years old, and up to this time in operation only in Tennessee and Mississippi, is based on the ownership and control by the union of about 1,500 warehouses scattered throughout all the states of the south. Our aim is to remedy the present defective scheme of selling by induc ing the growers to etor* their prod uct in these warehouses instead of flooding the market as they* do now with cotton just as soon as it is gath ered and ginned. Naturally the glut ting of the market at the opening of the season causes prices to drop, and the producer is kept hi a state of poverty. But the National Warehouse company comes to the rescue by ad vancing 80 per cent of the value of the amount stored, and tf.us relieves the producer while it also maintains an equilibrium of prices by keeping the bales off the market at a time when there Is little or no demand. “Stability of values is more desir able than a high price with intervals of wide fluctuation. The plan also includes a standardization of ware house receipts which will be recog nized in every pa. of the cotton belt. There is no better collateral on earth than this fleecy stuff, and the men who make It, if they handle their pro perty with cleverness, can be abso lutely masters of the situation —the elect of the whole agrarian brother hood —for they are almost the sole makers of a crop that civilized human ity must have regardless of cost. “I have talking about cotton, but there are other things in which the baleful influence of the middleman is just as easily demonstrated. What is the one prevailing subject of com plaint throughout America today? ffe is not the high cost of living? And what makes these inflated prices? I can vouch for it, being a farmer my self, that the growers of grain and fruits and vegetables are not reaping any fat returns. All over the south potatoes are allowed to rot in the fields, and even peaches are left un picked on the trees when they are in keen demand in the cities of the east and. north. The explanation is that there is no profit to the producer, but that all the financial gain accrues to the different middlemen who stand between the producer and the public. Railroad rates are not to be blamed, for they are not unreasonable, but when a heavy toll is taken by four or five different parties handling the stuff ere the last retailer’s tax is added, what hope has the purchasing public of a fair deal? I repeat, that the extortionate prices now being levied on the necessities of life are the direct result of a vicious economic system. It can be ended only when those who produce can sell directly, or as near as possible, to the army of consumers. The idea that the tariff or the in creased gold production has anything to do with the ridiculous raise in the cost of living may sound well, but it has no basis in truth.” GROWTH OF BIG INDUSTRIES Crops of Many Varieties Have Been Developed in United States in Last Few Years. The Bermuda onion industry which last year amounted to over one thou sand car loads has been developed in the United States in the last few years. The large celery industries of south ern and central California were de veloped during the past decade. There has also grown up in connection with the celery industry the cauliflower industry, which places a product in the eastern markets at a season when they are not supplied by the Long Island and up-state sections of New York. There has been at least fifty per cenc increase in the area devoted to the production of celery in Florida during the last decade and similar ex tensions of the potato, tomato, and strawberry interests of this state. There has been a very large in crease in the acreage of truck crops in the vicinity of Norfolk and Ports mouth. The area devoted to spinach and kale has been greatly increased as well as that devoted to the stan dard truck crops such as potatoes and cabbage. The successful development of truck interests on the eastern shore of Virginia was accomplished in the last few years. The Best Ram. All things considered, a three-year old ram is best to use in a flock that is being graded up.- Age gives strength to the progeny and this is an important item with sheep. Pen for the Mule. The mule should never be in a stall, but in a large roomy pen. AU open lot with a shed for shelter 1 better. WifSIEN SSmaiiyrr Once more ls gaily due; It beats the beet chrysanthemum For looks, that ever grew; The oyster and the chestnut Wait to give the dressing tone. And the subtle onion’s ready With a flavor of Its own. The marsh’s rich red Jewelry Will make a sauce most rare; In fact, there's nothing lacking From our autumn Mil of fare. So let’s prepare to eat our best That we may better live. For turkeys are the only ones Who haven’t thanks to give. —Washington Star. THINGS WORTH KNOWING When hanging out clothes this win ter, have a bag made from an old lace curtain to hold the small pieces like delicate collars, fine handkerchiefs and center pieces. They will not be lost and will dry quite well In the bag. Bags of old curtains are also useful to hold lettuce after washing Hang in a cool place. Toast for an invalid, even when used with a poached egg, is easier to handle if cut in quarters and put to gether closely before the egg is dropped on it. When selling an apron or a garment at a fair, cut the pattern out of tissue paper, pin it to the apron and sell it with it. Such a custom has found great favor where tried. Sprinkle clothes with hot water and they will be more evenly damp and iron better. When popping corn, let cold water run over the popper of corn, then shake and dry a while before popping. The corn will be large and have no hard centers or old bachelors who won’t pop. When keeping a meal warm on a gas stove, hive the food in bowls and set them in a pan of hot water that may be kept warm by using the small burner with an asbestos mat over it. A pretty woodsy centerpiece may be, made by using a wooden chopping bowl, vines and ferns, or vines and ; fruits. ! To serve fifty people at a church lit will take two pounds of coffee, two .quarts of cream, seven loaves of icake, a pound of loaf sugar, two [pounds of butter, five loaves of bread land four pounds of boiled ham, less tlf it is chopped and mixed with pickles 'and salad dressing for the sandwiches. [Two gallons of ice cream is sufficient ifor fifty people. IV I OST of us are wonderful i | ▼ H economists when it comes to ; making a little goodness go a long way. I We hate to waste It or show it when it I will not be appreciated. In this world it is necessary to be a little too good In order to be good enough. —Marivaux. DISHES FOR THE SICK ONE. For any invalid who enjoys fish, this jwill prove a nice dish: Fish Souffle.—Shred half a cup of Jcodfish fine, add a half cup of rich cream. Beat the white of an egg to a stiff froth; beat the yolk and add it to the fish. Set over the fire and sea* [son with paprika, and when cooked ;fold in the white of the egg. All must be done quickly, not to overcQok the jegg. Serve at once. The fish should be parboiled after shedding and the i water removed, so that it will not be [too salty. I | Dates With Cream. —Wash a few dates and remove the stones with a [sharp knife. Place them in a bowl [and add water enough to soak them well. Set this over a' teakettle of boiling water for half an hour, so that I the dates will soften and become 1 tender. When ready to serve add whipped cream. ! Apples With Grape Juice. —This I dish must start with nlce-flavored ap iples. Core and pare, then cook in un ifermented grape juice until they are (tender. Remove the apple and pour lover the juice that has been cooked iuntil quite thick. Serve cold, with or [without cream. 1 Scrambled Eggs.—Break the egg into a bowl and beat quickly. Add two tablespoonfuls of beef tea, a pinch of salt and a dash of paprika. Set the bowl into boiling water and cook, stir ring all the time. Serve on a piece of well-buttered toast. Raw beef sandwiches are often most appetizing. Scrape with a spoon a slice of round steak. When sufficient amount is removed, spread on buttered bread, season with salt and a bit of onion juice and place the sandwich in the oven a moment to be come hot. ____________ Accounting for His Insomnia. The Fort Scott Tribune tells or a farmer who was a victim of insomnia and went to a doctor in hope of get ting relief. “In the first place.” said the doctor, “have you any theory as to what it is that keeps you awake?” “Well,” said the farmer. ‘T think I snore so loud that I wake myself up.” When She Discovers It. When a woman discovers that she is growing old she may be sure that her friends have known it for a long time. Matter of Diet. "How do you tell the difference be tween a yacht and a sailboat?” said 4he girl with the Inquiring mind. "By lookin’ into the pantry,” replied Cap tain Gleet. "If she carries plenty of refreshments and seegars, she’s a yacht. If it’s mostly plain victuals she’s a sailboat.” —Washington Star. Work for Success. If success doesn’t come to you don’t blame the world. It is the same world in which others have mad® good. Get busy and go after it. POOR JOHN NEATLY CAUGHT Cleverly Contrived Trap That Led to the Downfall of One Forget ful Husband. He had returned home in the eve ning tired and ready for a restful hour or two. “John, my love,” said his little wife sweetly, “did you post that letter I gave you this morning?” “Yes. my pet,” said John, hiding his conscience-stricken face behind the newspaper. "Well, what is your answer?” still more sweetly, “Wh-what Is what?” gasped John. “What is your answer, dear?” said his little wife, clearly. “That letter was addressed to you.” “Addressed to me?” exclaimed John. “I didn’t notice it." And Then, like a foolish man. ho fell into the trap and produced the letter from his pocket to see. The envelope was not, addressed to him; but a long and severe lecture was shortly after. DREW THE LINE. i. • o ; 7 ‘‘M&sSimSw W\ ■ I* ''h./'"' ff a!* Mrs. Wood B. Swelle —Do you care for pate de foie gras? Old Man Newriche —No, ma'am, I draw the line on grass. Balcd-hay breakfast foods are my limit! Was Fun to Choose. A number of drivers of racing cars who were in Louisville to participate , In the motor races were present at a . Itmcheon in honor of one of the lead ing contestants, who told several au tomobile stories. “But. my best story,” said the racer, “is about a taxicab chauffeur. This man was discharged for reckless driv ing and so became a motorman on a trolley car. "As he was grumbling over his fall en fortunes a friend said; I “‘Oh, what’s the matter with you? ■ Can't you run over people just as much as ever?’ “ ‘Yes,’ the ex-chauffeur replied, ‘but formerly I could pick, and choose.’ ” The Crooked Way. District Attorney Whitman of New York, according to the Washington Star, was talking about the sad case of a western banker who had stolen a great sum from the depositors. “The man,” said Mr. Whitman, “lived beyond his means - motor cars, a house with eleven baths, son at col lege. daughter coming out, wife hun gry for diamonds. The inevitable re sult followed.” Mr. Whitman smiled and ended: “The unfortunate fellow got strait ened, so he became crooked.” Just Like Other Men. Most surgeons simply go way up in the air when one of the world’s great ones is stricken. When Sir Frederic Treves was called to operate on King Edward he split him open as non chalantly as if the king had been an apple or a watermelon. —New York Press. , Its Kind. “What is a voice from the tombs like?” "It must be a skeleton’s articula tion.” Paradoxical Misfortune. “Vhere is nothing in this place but soft drinks.” "Just my hard luck.” NO MEDICINE But Change of Food Gave Final Relief. Most diseases start in the alimen tary canal —stomach and bowels. A great deal of our stomach and bowel troubles come from eating too much starchy and greasy food. The stomach does not digest any of the starchy food we eat —white bread, pastry, potatoes, oats, etc.— these things are digested in the small intestines, and if we eat too much, aa most of us do. the organs that should digest this kind of food are overcome by excess of work, so that fermenta tion, indigestion, and a long train of ails result. Too much fat also is hard to digest and this is changed into acids, sour stomach, belching gas, and a bloated, heavy feeling. In these conditions a change from indigestible foods to Grape-Nuts will work wonders in not only relieving the distress but in building up a strong digestion, clear brain and steady nerves. A Wash, woman writes: “About five years ago I suffered with baa stomach —dyspepsia, indiges tion. constipation—caused, I know now’, fn>m overeating starchy and greasy food “I doctored for two years without any benefit. The doctor told me there w r as n* cure for mo I could not sat anything without suffering severe pain \n ray back and sides, and I be came discouraged. “A friend recommended Grape-Nuts and I began to use it. In less than tw’o weeks I began to feel better and Inside of two months I was a well woman and have been ever since. “1 can eat anything I wish with pleasure. We eat Grape-Nuts and cream for breakfast and are very fond of it.” Name given by Postura Cos., Battle Creek. Mich. Read the little book, “The Road to Wellville,” in pkgs. “There’s a reason.” If-rer read tlie above letter? A nem one appear* from time to lime. I ’>-7 are true, am! fuH tntcrert. Adv.