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VENTILATOR FOR FRUIT TREE Made of Two Sections, Hinged Back, and Doors Are Arranged to Allow Access to Interior. The Illustration given herewith show's a fruit-tree ventilator de signed to circle the trunk of a tree at its base as shown. It is made in r TT - V i - v r k , W ) ( * [ ; I ' * Fruit-Tree Ventilator. two sections, hinged at the back, and doors are carried in the top of each section to allow' of access to the in terior. SELECTION OF ORCHARD SITE Common Mistake \z Choosing Soil That Is Too Rich, Causing Wood and Little Fruit. A common mistake in the selection of a site for the apple orchard tract, large or small, is that of choosing a soil that is too rich; that will cause abundant growth of wood, but mighty little fruit. In the valley in which the writer’s ranch is located is an orchard of mature apple trees, as pret ty a sight from a standpoint of foliage as one could ask to see, which has lately been felled because it did not deliver the goods. The tract is fat, rich and well wa tered. Within a gunshot of this tract Is a block of winter \ellis pear trees of the same age that for several years past have grossed their owners close to a thousand dollars per acre, says a writer in an exchange. Never was more emphatically demonstrated the fact that soil can be too rich for ap ples but not for pears. Within a mile of these unproductive apple trees, on thinner and lighter granitic soils, the apple trees bear prolifically to the point of breaking down. DEVICE FOR PICKING FRUIT Consists of Thimble, Which May Be Tied to Thumb and Which Ter minates in Sharp Blade. Avery convenient device for pick ing fruit has been designed by a man living in the fruit regions of Califor nia. It consists of a thimble, which may be tied to the thumb and w'hich For Picking Fruit. terminates in a blade with a keen, edge. The fruit is seized in the hand and the stem is severed by means of the thumb knife. With such a device as this the picking of fruit Is materi ally expedited and there is no danger of tearing the branches or marring the fruit when it is plucked. —Scien- tific America*!. The Apple Aphis. Spraying to kill the apple aphis is a difficult The insects work on the under side of the leaves, and this causes them to curl up, and it is very difficult to reach all of them with spray material. The insects mul tiply rapidly, and the few that are not reached with poison soon bring on another crop. Worthless Trees. Neglected -fruit trees are not worth the ground they occupy, and besides they are an eyesore to everybody, and when infested wuth worms and insects a constant menace to the neighbor hood. There ought to be a law pro hibiting any man from allowing trees of this kind to remain on the farm. Pruning Fruit Trees. Prune the tops from the tall, slen der fruit trees. They form a high mark for the wind to blow down, are less vigorous than low-down trees, will not bear up as much fruit and make fruit picking a harder job. Excellent Virginia Orchard. In a Virginia orchard of 4,000 trees the owner says that during the past twenty-six years there has been only one failure in apples. The 1909 crop sold for $15,000 cash on the trees. * Profitable Apple Orchard. A well selected apple orchard of fif teen acres in a good location next to a 0g market will in ten years produce a *arge, permanent income. Bad Orchard Site. \k is a mistake to cultivate an or- on a hillside. Nothing but the eod will hold the soil there. Strawberry Vines. Go after the extra strawberry vines and cut them out. _Do not be afraid to slash them. COLD STORAGE FOR APPLES Problem of Congestion of Transporta tion May Be Solved by Erection of Large Warehouses. (By R. B. RUSHING.) During three or four months in the fall there has. of late years, been an unusual congestion of farm products, due largely to the shipments of re cently harvested crops, in addition to the regular traffic. In the winter the problem becomes easier and such things as can be kepi without loss had better be kept, es pecially if the price seems to be a lit tle low. The wmter apple is about the only fruit that lends itself readily to stor age for any considerable length of time and, in fact, it is about the only' fruit kept in commercial storage. I believe that where /ruit is grown on a commercial scale the problem of congested transportation must be met in the very neai* future by the con struction of large oold storage ware houses at all the principal shipping points. When apples are being sorted for | storage, the following points should always be borne in mind. Only the best grade should be placed in stor age and they should bestored as soon , as possible after being picked or gath ered. A uniform temperature of 31 to 32 degrees F. is best and they should be placed on the market as soon as they reach their highest maturity, or a lit tle before, provided the price is suf ficient to warrant selling. The quality of the fruit is main tained much better in storage when the fruit is wrapped with thin paper and will usually always sell for enough to pay expenses and a little left. It is also true that the develop ment of the fungi producing apple rots is checked to a great extent by storage. Freedom from such troubles, however, is so dependent upon the carefulness in handling the fruit dur ing the picking and packing, that the better orchardists will always be but little troubled with losses through these causes. Also, indirectly, cold storage tends to promote a higher order of orchard ing by teaching the grower better se lection; better methods of culture; more skill in the art of handling and marketing his crop, all of which tend to make for the grower more money and higher knowledge of the business. TREE PULLER EASILY MADE Minnesota Man Arranges Device By Using Strong Hickory Pole With Chain Attached. My tree puller is easily made, writes P. C. Gieseke of New Ulm, Minn., in the Missouri Valley Farmer, Take a strong hickory pole 3 or 4 |f?3 , v* ■■ '' - V J Tree Puller. inches thick and 7 or 8 feet long. Hold one end of this pole to the bot tom of the tree and twist a strong chain around both pole and tree to prevent its clipping, then put a single tree on the other end, and you are ready to pull any tree up to 4 or 8 inches in diameter. For Tree Wounds. In California the following mixture was used on trees three years ago and is still in good condition: One part cff crude petroleum to three parts of resin; warm in separate dishes, mix and apply warm to cuts made by pruning or by cultivator in jury. While this mixture is not bet ter than grafting wax. it is much cheaper and is worthy of trial. Theory of Mulching. Here is the theory of mulching. A bunch of big weeds growing vigorous ly beside a tree rob it. of moisture. These same weeds cut off and put cn top open so that the rays of the sun save water. Shredded Fodder and Clover. Shredded corn fodder combined with clover hay makes an excellent and most valuable food for dairy cow r s as it contains the needed protein and supplies the muscle-making materia) for growing animals. All the Year Apples. From the yellow Transparent, our first ripe apple, to the latest keeping Brother Jonathan, with the several in termediate varieties for connecting links, we have apples the year round. ORTICULTIIRAL I "‘-NOTEst3tel Golden Queen is the best yellow raspberry. Cherry trees are an ideal fruit for home grounds. Young peach trees are never as sturdy as apple trees. If you want to grow' “quality” goose berries try some of the English vari eties. The cellar is a good place to store flower roots in winter, provided it is a dry one. Cherry trees are entirely free from diseases, on which account nursery men like to handle them most. There is such a distinct gain from planting the small fruits in the fall that the prictice ought to be general. Some hands that pick apples do net seem to care much whether the> break off the branches of the trees or not. Finish sowing cover crops; what ever land not yet cleared had better be trenched over winter or covered with manure. Very few pears are at their best if allowed to ripen on the tree. A good 1 rule is to pick when the seeds Have I turned brown. ROUND DAIRY STABLE In Many Respects More Desir able Than Other Styles. Among Other Things Has Special Ad vantage in Work of Distributing Silage to Cows —Circular Con struction Strongest. (By W. J. FRASER.) The round barn has a special ad vantage in the work of distributing lilage to the cows. Feeding com mences at the chute where it is thrown down and continued around the circle ending with the silage cart at chute again ready for the next feeding. The same is true in feeding hay and grain. Another great advantage is the large, unobstructed haymow. With the self-supporting roof there are no timbers whatever obstructing the mow, w’hich means no dragging of hay around or over posts or girders. The hay carrier runs on a circular track around the mow, midway be tween the silo and the outside wall and drops the hay at any desired point, which means the saving of ■much labor. The circular construction is the strongest because it takes advantage of the lineal instead of the breaking strength of the lumber. Each row' of boards running''around the barn forms a hoop that holds the barn together. Any piece of timber is many times stronger on a lineal pull than on a breaking stress. All exposed surfaces of a round barn are circular, as both the sides and roof are arched, which is the strong- Showing All Rafters in Place and Method of Sheathing of Roof of Round Barn. est form of construction to resist wind pressure. Beside, the wind in strik ing it glances off, and can get no di rect hold on the walls or roof as it can on the flat side or gable ends of a square or rectangular structure. If the lumber is properly placed in a round barn much of it will perform two or more functions. Every row of siding-boards running around the building serves also as a brace and the same is true of the roof-boards and the arched rafters. If the siding is put on vertically and the roof built dome-shape, no scaffolding is required Inside or out. These are points of economy in the round construc tion. Another item of economy in the circular barn is less framing lumber. This form has the strongest possible construction with the least lum ber in the frame and the least bracing, not a single timber larger than a 2x6 being required above the sill. The arched circular roof requires no sup port, and no scaffolding is needed in side during its construction. In com paring the 60-foot round barn with a rectangular barn of the same area, the tWb btrus should afford the cows the same amount of space on the platform. Allowing each cow in the 60-foot round barn three feet six inches in width CULTURAL METHODS TO IMPROVE TOBACCO I, The Tomato or Tobacco Worm; 2, in its Sleeping Stafe; 3, Finally Be comes the Sphinx Moth. Although the average annual pro duction of tobacco in the United States reaches nearly one billion pounds, for which the farmer receives about $100,000,000. the net profit to the farmer is much smaller than it should be. Among the principal causes for small profits from such an Important crop are failure to follow Bound cultural methods, use of un adapted varieties or strains, damage by insects and diseases, and imper fect knowledge of the principles that fcpply to the processes of curing, fer menting and handling tße leaf. To remedy these conditions the Depart ment of Agriculture In 1898 began to Investigate the improvement of to pacco production. Efforts to introduce the growing of i high-grade cigar filler leaf from Cu ban seed in the southern states have demonstrated that this industry can be made a success. A satisfactory substitute for the imported Sumatra wrapper leaf has resulted by growing Sumatra and Cuban types under arti ficial shade, and In 1911 over 2.000 Demand to* Mules. Working mules are V i good demand. Mule values alone have jumped in the last two years from $251,840,000 to $428,064,000, according to the Phila delphia Record, a sum greater than the estimated value of all the auto mobiles in the country, including ma chines costing $100,000,000 that are now on the scrap heap. With these figures before them, breeders and dealers are perhaps warranted in hold ing, to the belief that without putting at the rear of the platform, it will accommodate 40 cows and leave space for two passageways. But, In a rectangular barn only three feet four inches platform space need be allowed for each cow r and the barn, with two three-foot passageways across It for convenience in feeding, will accomodate 42 cows. While the rectangular barn has stafl-foom for two more cows, the round barn contains space in the center for a silo 18 feet in diameter. The complete bills for materials for these barns show the exact saving in lumber on the 60-foot round barn over the plank and mortise frame rectan gular barns, 36x78*4 feet. The lumber bills of the rectangular barn show’ an increase In cost of 28 per cent for the plank frame and 54 per cent for the mortise frame. The round barn, 60 feet in diameter, con tains 188*4, and the rectangular barn 225 lineal feet of wall. The 90-foot round barn would hold 100 cows in two rows, headed together, 65 of which would be in the outer circle and have three feet six inches each in width at the gutter. This leaves sufficient room foi feed alleys and walks and two passageways, one three feet and the other seven feet wide for the manure and feed carrier. All of this is outside of the central space for a silo 20 feet in diameter and 71 feet high, with a capacity of 620 tons of silage and in the mow there would still be an excess above the capacity of the rectangular barn of 33,000 cubic feet, which would hold 66 tons of hay or as much as the en tire mow' of a barn 32x36 feet with 20-foot posts. In the final summing up of the cost of all the material for the completed dairy barns with silos show' the sav ing from 34 to 58 per cent in favor of the round barn and silo, or an act# ual money saving of from $379 to SL 184, depending upon the size and con struction of the barn. Thoughtless men go on building rect angular barns, but w r hat w’ould this reckless disregard of a possible sav ing of 34 to 58 per cent mean in a year’s business on the farm? If the dairymen discarded the idea of a rectangular barn and built a round barn instead, with the money thus saved he could buy one of the best pure bred sires for his herd, and also from three to ten pure-bred heifers or fine-grade cows. Either of these purchases might double the profit of the herd, or this saving properly ap plied, would purchase many labor-sav ing devices, which w'ould make life less of a drudgery on many dairy farms. Foods Necessary for Hogs. Pigs, and, in fact, all hogs, should have ready access at all times to salt and ashes. Charred corn cobs are al ways excellent. The reason why hogs so eagerly de vour coal, ashes, rotted w'ood and such material is because they do not have, while in close confinement, the material their system demands. At large they root such material from the ground. The farmer who grow's a liberal sup ply of roots for his hogs seldom has much trouble from the ordinary dis eases to which swine are subject. Sweet Potatoes for Cows. In the south it is found that sw’eet potatoes fed to cows in connection w'ith cottonseed meal and w’heat bran will produce more milk than when sorghum silage is substituted for sweet potatoes. Even at the rate o? 140 pounds of silage to 100 pounds of potatoes. acres o£ such tobacco (worth $2,000,- 000) were grown under shade in the Connecticut valley. The Cuban bulk method of fermenting has been sue cessfully introduced into northern cigar-tobacco districts, resulting in a more uniform and better product. Substantial Improvements in the methods of curing are now being in troduced, notably in the use of arti ficial heat in curing cigar tobaccos, thus eliminating the loss from pcle sw'eat. Poor burning quality in cigar tobaccos renders them of little value. This subject has been thor oughly Investigated and the principal influencing factors have been worked out. Satisfactory methods have been de vised for controlling most of the im portant insects that attack tobacco, particularly those damaging the crop during thf growing period. Tobacco is also subject to a number of de structive maladies such aa the Mo saic disease, which occurs throughout the world, and the root-rot. The il lustration shows a tobacco worm. the horse put of business it will keep the motor cars busy to catch up with the long-eared hybrids, whose top notes so resemble their own. Molasses Feed. It Is becoming pretty well known that molasses is a good and cheap feed for cows. There is a great deal ol vile stiff on the market in the shape of patented stock foods which are al leged to contain molasses, but which are not all they seem. HAVE FLAVOR OF NOVELTY Some Recipes That Are New and Will Be Especially Appreciated by Young People. Bouncing Betty—Make a pure white blanc mange, flavoring it with al monds and molding it prettily. Put upside down on a platter and orna ment with a ring of baked apples, each one holding a stick of cinnamon. If a smooth mold has been used for the blanc mange It is easy to outline a fat face on the top with small brown chocolates. Caldron Custards —At several of the shops there are little individual cus tard dishes made in the shape of the witches’ caldron. These are in a bril liant yellow, but if it is impossible to get them the usual round dishes will do. Fill the little dishes with a nice baked custard mixture, bake them un til brown and put them on the ice. Serve the custards in the ramekins, placed in a circle on a large round dish. In the center cf the ring stand up a hickory nut doll, dressed as a witch in crinkled tissue paper. Punch —To every quart of sweet apple cider add a bottle of club soda. Have ready some thinly sliced tart apples and some sprigs of fresh mint. Bruise the mint leaves, allowing a lit tle sprig for 'feach glass. Several of the apple slices must also be put into each glass, and the punch may con tain much sugar and a little lemon juice, if liked. Marshmallow Ghosts —Toast a lot of .marshmallow drops and. while each one Is piping hot, drop it onto a little round, crisp ginger snap. These can be prepared by the company of a Hallowe’en gathering, and most young people find the making of the “ghosts” the greatest fun. The uncanny sweets finish off a meal very nicely, so they could be used instead of any other sugary thing. (CITCHEH k-wAO) I Boiled rice must always be lightly handled. It should not be stirred with a fork or spoon. A spoonful of flour added to the grease in w’hich eggs are to be fried will prevent them from breaking or sticking to the pan. Wax candles which have become dusty or soiled can be made perfectly white by rubbing them wdth a clean piece of flannel dipped in spirits of w'ine. Always put a cauliflower In plain | water, so as to draw out any Insects. If salt is placed in the water it kills the insects and they are left In the vegetable. Plaster casts may be cleaned by dip ping them into cold liquid starch, which can be brushed off when dry, and the dirt will be found to come off with the starch. When making baked or boiled cus tard the milk to be used should be j scalded and set aside to cool. Then make a custard in the ordinary way and It will be perfectly smooth. Pour boiling water over lemons be fore using. This will double the i amount of juice they . will produce. The pulp of a lemon is an excellent teeth cleanser. A bit of lemon put into the copper with a little boiling water will thoroughly clean it. ———————— Baked Sardines. To one small can of sardines allow two tablespoonfuls of butter, four ta ! blespoonfuls of bread crumbs and one ; small onion, finely minced, and two eggs, salt and pepper to taste; wipe all the oil from the sardines, divide them into halves and lay in a baking dish; melt half the butter, pour it over them, and add t\vo tablespoonfuls of hot water; beat up the eggs and gradually mix them into the bread crumbs, onion, salt and pepper and add remainder of the butter; spread this mixtur 1 * over the sardines and bake fifteen ninutes. Rye Pancakes. Beat one egg, add one-half cupful sw'eet milk, in which dissolve one-half teaspoon of soda, one-half cup of white sugar, little salt rye flour, in w'hich is mixed one teaspoon of cream of tartar till the consistency of | doughnut dough. Have the fat very hot and dip a spoon in the fat, then take a spoonful of dough and drop in hot fat. They will rise and brown j quickly, so keep them stirring that ! they may not burn before thoroughly i cooked through. A teaspoonful of melted butter improves them greatly. Eat hot w'ith syrup. Custard Pie. Take tw’o eggs, half a cup of sugar, a tablespoonful of flour, half a tea spoonful of salt and one pint of boil ing milk. Line a deep plate with good pie crust and sprinkle nutmeg over it. Add the milk slowly to pre vent puncturing crust. After custard Is poured in you may add a little more nutmeg. This pie should be baked in a moderate oven. Sweet-Pickled Crabapples. Rub eight pounds of crab apples with a dry flannel and prick each ap ple several times. Make syrup of four pounds sugar and one juart of vine gar, add two-thirds of a cup of pick ling spices and the apple, and sim mer until apples are tender, but not broken. Drain and put in jars. Re duce syrup until quite thick and pour over them. Newton Tapioca Pudding, Five tablespoons tapioca soaked in water tw r o (2) hours, four tablespoons j Indian meal, one pint hot milk poured over meal, three-quarter cup molasses, j one teaspoon salt, three tablespoons ; butter. Cook to double boiler until I the mixture thickens, then add the tapioca. Bake one and one-half hours, add one cup of milk without stirring when it has baked three-quarters of an hour. Nutmeg Cookies. Mix two cupfuls of sugar, three fourths of a cupful of butter, two thlrda of a cupful of sour milk, nut meg enough to flavor, two eggs, a tea spoonful of soda and enough flour to roll. Roll out thin and bake in a quick oven I ’ : " :: ?'"’'i3 . ,', .. * ~ I ? A STRANDED 6TIIP AS a genera] rule a ship which has been badly damaged and sunk is not worth raising. It would probably cost more to raise her and repair her than to build a new’ ship. Her value as old iron, on the other hand, would not pay for raising and breaking up. She may, however, be in the way of other ships, a danger to navigation generally, and then she Is sometimes blown to pieces by a judi ciously placed charge of dynamite. It is usually worth while, however, to save parts of a wreck, if by any means they can be got at. Brass work, for example, is of sufficient value to be worth getting, and, of course, if gold or silver —either in the form of coins or bars —be a part of the cargo, then it is certainly worth an attempt. Sometimes even that is impossible. Decause of the depth at which the wreck lies. Asa diver descends the water pressure increases, and to keep him from being crushed by it the pres sure of air in his dress has to be in creased to the same extent, and there Is a limit to the amount of air pres sure w’hich a man . can stand. Ihe main trouble is that his blood becomes aerated under the pressure. Its condition becomes like that of soda water in a corked bottle, and as soon as he commences to ascend and the pressure is reduced it becomes like soda water with the cork out. The nitrogen w’hich was forced into It by the pressure comes bubbling out as the pressure falls, and if this be allowed to occur too vigorously it will result in the diver’s death. About thirty-five fathoms is the limit below’ which man cannot go, and even at that, if the diver has to stay dowm any lengthof time, he must ascend again by easy stages with long intervals of rest for his blood to get rid of the absorbed air; so that his ascent will take as much as four hours. Four hours spent in coming to the surface after but one hour’s work below —five or more hours’ w’ages for one hour's work to an ex pensive man like a diver, to say noth ing of the wages of his attendants —- makes deep water diving an expensive matter, and beyond the limit men tioned is out of the question alto gether. Diving in Strong Currents. Then there is the trouble caused by strong tides and undercurrents. The diver when in the water is the play thing of the currents. Robert Louis Stevenson, who once ventured on a diving expedition, describes himself as being “blown sideways like a leaf’ when in the water. Even large, heavy bodies like ships of iron are some times carried to long distances by the currents. It is said that the naval authorities have thus lost entirely an old submarine which they sank for the purpose of trying salvage experi ments. They knew the spot where it went dowm, but when they tried to salve it it was not there. The under current had carried it away. It is obvious, therefore, that diving in places where tide or current runs strongly is very difficult. And most salvage operations depend entirely upon the diver. Suppose that a ship is sunk in collision. He first goes down and examines the w’reck. Upon his report it is decided whether it is worth while to attempt to salve the ship as a whole. It not, he may be told to salve the brass fittings, so down he will go again and again, with tools suitable for the work and will remove from the ship and send up all that he can procure that is worth saving. If there be treasure on board he is Tuberculosis Day Educates Millions. Tuberculosis day was widely ob served during the week ending Octo ber 27th, and also during the week fol lowing, in over 60,000 churches of the country, according to an estimate by the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis. More than 10,000.000 churchgoers were told how to prevent tuberculosis through this movement. Endorsements of the plan had been secured in advance from President Taft, Colonel Roose velt, Governor Wilson, Cardinal Far ley. Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishops Prendergast, Glennon, Keane, and many religjlbus leaders of almost ev ery denomination. Hundreds of thou sands of pamphlets were distributed and as a result of the campaign millions of people were educated on the prevention of tuberculosis. First Vacuum Cleaner. The vacuum cleaner which has only recently come Into favor, was covered by a patent granted in 1869 to Daniel Hess of West Union. la. His device was a carpet sweeper in which as it rolled over the floor a bellows oper the man who will have to get it He may bo able to make his way to the place where it Is kept by the ordinary means, but sometimes he will have to blast holes in the vessel’s hull in order to obtain access to it. Hundreds of thousands of pounds have been fetched from the sea in this manner. Sometimes there are among the car go things which are worth saving, and the diver has to get them out by similar methods. If the whole wreck is to be saved, he has even more difficult feats to perform. For example, a very com mon thing is to patch the shell of & ship. The great, jagged rent in her side, it may be, where the bow of another vessel has cut into her, or which has been gashed open by a sharp rock, has to be prepared for the patch which is to keep the water out. 1 Wonderful Feats in Salvage. Measurements have t’o be taken, from which the patch can be made, shaped so that it will fit nicely. Prob ably holes have to be drilled in the ship’s skin —all, be it remembered, un der the water —and finally the patch has to be put in place and secured with bolts. Then, when the diver has done all that, tfie water is pumped out and the ship floated. Of course in seme cases the diver’s work may only be to fix or run ropes by which the vessel may be lifted, but often he has much skillful work to perform under the difficult condi tions of complete immersion in water in a thick, clumsy dress and under an abnormal pressure of air. It is. indeed, wonderful what salvage divers can do. There are, however, instances in which ships have been literally “fish ed up’’ from the depths to which divers could not descend. One which occurs to the writer was that of a small rfaval vessel sunk in collision off the south coast. Two steam tugs held the ends of a long cable, and by slowly dragging it along the sea floor they caught the wreck and drew the cable under it. Several cables were thus got in place, and then, being pulled tight at low water, the tide lifted the ships above and so lifted the wreck as well, whereupon it was towed into shallow er water. This operation being re peated at every tide, the wreck was at last beached. In one well known instance of salvage a ship was literally cut in two, but the two halves were in good condition, and it was resolved to save them both. The divers put in a tem porary end of timber to each and so they were raised, taken to the near est shipyard and there joined togeth er again. The salvage of wrecks is a very dif ficult and daring business, but there are men who are expert at it and whose experience is so extensive that they seldom fail at a job which they once undertake. It is only fair to say. however, th|t they are much in debted to the splendid diver's equip ment which is now procurable, with out which much that they do would be quite impossible. Practical Reason. "I wish this tellow wouldn’t send you so many chocolates," said the oth ! er suitor. “Why,” simpered the girl, 'are you j jealous?” “No; but I prefer to .at marshmal lows.” Did Some Good. Boarding Missus—Has golfing been of any benefit to you? Tall Boarder —It has helpod me to 1 swat flies better in the dining room. ated to create a suction, draw dust up from the carpet and discharge it into pans of water, the bellows being worked from a crank on one of the supporting rollers. This cleaner close ly resembles those marketed today iu that it has a broad flat nozzle to move along the floor, a handle ex tending up to be grasped tr one or the operator’s hands, while the other hand turns a drive pulley geared by a rope with a fan which sucks the dust up into a receptacle carried by the handle above the fan. A machine following this plan of more than 40 years ago. if well made mechanica-Iy. would present a good appearance alongside of the modern machines, doubtless would give good results in actual use. f Independent. “Doesn t care for public opinion, you say?” “Not a rap. I’ve seen him ride around town in an automobile that’s a 1909 model " Every one has a fair turn to bd at great as he pleases.— Collier.