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The Sea Coast Echo*
CHAS. G MOREAU. PUP. BAY ST. LOUIS, - MISSISSIPPI e— —— A German says electricity will cure Insomnia. But with fatal results. Turkey does not seem to have done much for Europe except exist there. It Is not difficult to make the jani tor belie've in that rumor of a coal famine. On the other hand, it frequently happens that motorcycle riders are not hurt “Everybody’s going to get a red nose.” declares a St. Louis physician. Happy days! Radium Is advanced as a cure for gout. Gout alw r ays was a bloated plutocrat’s disease. A Pittsburg tramp was arrested with 1,000 pennies in his pocket He was coppered, all right. A woman has been appointed con troller of Atlantic City. Control fash ions, bathing suits, or what? Electric lights Lave now been used about thirty years, but some people are still blowing out the gas. A German scientist says that tele* phones make the modern man crazy. He must be on a four-party line. A Newport woman was fined tor stealing a dress which she hid in her hat Bet it was a bathing suit An Ontario doctor advocates hot baths as a cure for delirium tremens. Lack of whisky would serve the same and. The lord mayor of Ijondon may be some person; but there Isn’t one in a thousand on this side can tell his name. Brussels has had a marriage on bicycles. In the course of a century or two they may advance to aero planes. A prize hen in Missouri has laid 260 •ggs In eleven months. What was the hen doing on the other seventy odd days? “Love cannot thrive on less than f2O a week,” says a New York clergy man, thus giving us a line on the cost of living. A German professor says that cooking is a lost art, but look at the lovely fruit salads our girls are mak ing nowadays. Queen Mary refuses to employ a typewriter for her private correspond ence. Perhaps she wants her epistles correctly spelled. When informed that $350,000 had been stolen from him a Moscow mer chant dropped dead. Poverty suffers from no such shocks. A torpedo boat destroyer hit a barge tn the Delaware river and was badly damaged. One can’t be too careful of these frail war craft. “Paris Is adopting American dances,” says a dispatch. We’re sure ly going some when we can teach Paris anything in that line. A Cornell professor announces that anew Ice age is about to strike the earth. Thank goodness, one commod ity will go down in price then. Government scientists who aro to raise vegetables by electricity may have noted the success with which many people raise Cain under the glow of the arc lights. A German scientist has Invented a machine that you feed vegetables into and get real milk from. It’s a safe bet there is a pump around it some where. So far as the reports go, none of the prehistoric cave paintings in Europe thus far discovered Is an Interpretation of moonlight or a still life portrait of a pan of fried eggs. German duelists are In a dilemma. I It is a disgrace to refuse a challenge, and they’ll be sent to prison if they fight. The only solution appears for them to be killed. In the old days the happy Eskimo was able to go out and for three fish hooks buy the prettiest girl in the Igloo for his wife. That was before | he was discovered. Now, the girls pay for the husbands. After July 1 of next year Louisiana | *hoe dealers will have to sell pure goods or be liable to punishment. Polar explorers will now know where to procure the footgear containing the greatest nourishment. Prof. Flynn advocates hair pulling as a fine cure for baldness, but there’s many a man minus his hirsute adorn ment who won’t agree with him. In the Isle of Man, the wedding ting was formerly employed as an in strument of torture. It is in this country today. In many Instances. Dictators of fashion state that the waist line may be placed this season wherever the wearer chooses. How ever, it probably will continue In the ■ame old place. • A Yale professor says the average American wastes fifteen years of his life. But he’d soon die if he workfed all the time, and there you are. # Fashionable eastern society women are leaving their dog’s card with their own when making calls. The dog, poor thing, can only suffer in silence. * Engineers in Egypt have succeeded In using the sun's heat to generate steam, but we all cannot go to Af rica just to save money on the coal tib h 05E OVER FORTY INCREASING! T . SAVE THE BABIES!” is a cry that has been ringing through the land with in creasing earnestness and with increasing attention, but what of the middle aged American? Everybody knows that in recent years the death rate in the United States has been reduced to a remarkable extent, and the knowledge has been received not only with altruistic gratification but with a sense of personal gain by all, regardless of their own time of life. But now comes Elmer E. Ritten house with the facts and figures to show’ that the reduction in the death rate has been due chiefly to that very cry of ‘‘Save the babies!” and the fight on communicable diseases, and that it is confined to those in early life. While there has been a reduc tion in the general death rate of 25 per cent, in the last thirty years, it has been accompanied by a steady in crease, amounting to about 27 per cent. In the same period, in the mor ~UNbERS\ 5-9 1 SHOWING THE DECREASE AND INCREASE IN DEATHS UNDER AND OVER FORTY. tality of persons of forty years and over. “The average length of an Ameri can life,” he says, "has increased about fifteen years during the past century, and yet the span of life is being shortened. During the last 30 years the general death rate has de creased approximately 25 per cent., and yet the chances of early death after passing the age of forty have steadily increased.” This, Mr. Rittenhouse finds, is due to the fact that while great progress has been made in checking communi cable diseases, other diseases, which afflict middle age and later life, have gone on almost unheeded in this coun try. Among them are apoplexy, Bright's disease, heart disease, and arteriosclerosis. The intense life of Americans and intemperance in eat ing, drinking, and working have con tributed to their prevalence. Above all, our carelessness in regard to life is blamed, and from this cause come Increases in deaths from accident, sui cide, and homicide. “While we have every reason,” says Mr. Rittenhouse, “to felicitate ourselves upon the wonderful result of the spread of life-saving intelli gence, we must not overlook the fact that we have Increased the average length of human life only by increas ing the proportion of people living In the younger age periods, while the av erage duration of life of those who pass into middle and old age has been constantly shortened. ‘“With all its blessings modern civil ization has introduced hazards, hab its, and conditions of life which not only invite but which have increased In many ways physical, mental, and moral degeneracy. Insanity and idiocy are increasing. Diseases of vice, the most insidious enemy of this and future generations, are spreading rapidly, according to medical men. So far we have lacked the moral courage to openly recognize and fight this scourge. The alcohol and drug habits are constantly adding new’ vic tims to the degenerate list and fo the death roll. Suicides are increasing, and now reach the enormous total of 15,000 annually. Lynchings and burn ings at the stake continue, and are common only to our country- At tempts upon human life by individu als and mobs under trifling provoca tion, or none at all, are obviously in creasing. “In the United States the death rate above the age of forty has stead ily increased, while It has remained stationary in England and Wales. The Important organs of the body are wearing out too soon. The diseases of old age are reaching down into the younger age periods. The death rate from the degenerative diseases of the heart, blood vessels, and kidneys, in cluding apoplexy, have Increased more Dickens and Defoe as Editors Writing about the kind of literary talent that would be most valuable in editorial work today, we mention ed Voltaire, Macaulay and Swift. Among the suggestions that the mail has brought in, the most interesting are Dickens and Defoe. Defoe, how ever, with his marvelous impression of actuality, would be greater as fr special writer than as an editorial critic Dickens, if he could adapt The state of Parana. South America. Which heretofore has not figured large ly in the commerce of the world, is about to be h£ard from, says the Gazeta de Notlcias, of Rio de Janeiro. Parana has begun to take great in terest in the cultivation of wheat, dis covery having been made that the ele vation and climate are there as well as cheap lands and every encourage ment is r.f given to immigration by Rise of Parana than 100 per cent, since 1880. In New Jersey the increase is 119 per cent, in Chicago 159 per cent., in New Orleans 169 per cent. These diseases cl£\im over 350,000 lives an nually. The doctors tell us that fully 60 per cent, of these deaths are pre ventable or postponable if the dis ease is discovered in time. “All of our money, all of our en ergy, seem to be directed against dis eases that can be communicated. Is not a life lost from Bright’s disease as valuable as one lost by typhoid fever? The annual loss from pneu monia aggregates 185,000 lives, a large portion of which is due to weakened bodily resistance resulting from these degenerative affections. Cancer, a baffling disease of the de generative class, to which our people in their present physical condition are highly susceptible, claims 75,000 lives annually and is Increasing verj fast. Deaths from external cancer alone have increased 52 per cent, in ten years.” This table shows the decrease in the death rate per thousand brought about by the successful campaign against the diseases of childhood and early life and the increase in those of later life: DECREASE. Per Cent. Under age 20 17.9 Age 20 to 30 11.8 Age 30 to 40 ‘ 2.3 INCREASE. Per Cent. Age 40 to 50 13.2 Age 50 to 60 29.2 60 and over 26.4 “The change in the age constitution of the older groups,” says Mr. Ritten house, “has been very slight and does not account for the increase. Nor is it safe to say that it is due to the early breaking-down of the weakened lives surviving from the attacks of communicable diseases in the younger age periods, for in England and Wales, where they have had virtually the same decrease in the mortality of the early ages as we have, there has been little or no increase above age forty. “One thing is clear —the cause is local to our country. Evidently we have not adapted ourselves to the sudden increase in the life-strain due to our complex and Intense modern existence. Whether or not It Is due to the strenuous life or to excessive w’orking, eating, drinking, playing, I DECREASE I INCREASE A 29 * 2 UrOer Ago 20 20 to 30 30 to 40~ j" . - V -\i: —:— -J ■'- ' \ ... •;; / Age 40 to 50 50 to 60 60 and over \ . j V' ; / 2.3 Ifey \iuß \/VL9Jk. EIAS SHOWING PERCENTAGE OF DEATHS AT VARIOUS AGES. and intemperate habits generally, the important fact is that the excessive waste of human life from degenera tive causes continues and no general campaign of education or other or ganized effort has been made to check it. “The remedy appears to be tem perate, healthful habits of life, the upbuilding of bodily resistance to dis ease. But in the meantime, while we himself to brief units, would in American journalism today be indeed a mighty power to reach and move the hearts of men. The same genius that went into his fiction has over flowed into some of his critical work, and atways there is the great ability to entertain, mixed with a need of using that power for the betterment of life, which is exactly the combina tion tkM the idt-al editor ought to the government, which welcomes European agriculturists and aids them by free distribution of seed wheat. At tention is also given to the cultivation of* the banana, customers for which fruit are thus far only in Uruguay and the Argentine republic, to whom about $300,000 worth was sold last year. The yield will be larger this year and a large paper mill has been erected to use the fiber cf the banana tree, which are being educated to apply this rem edy f a sane and practical way to se* cure a measure of immediate relief is to urge flpon our people the prac tice of going to their physicians at reasonable intervale, for health ex aminations to detect these prevent able or postponable diseases in time to check them. Many of these af flictions develop without notice. The cost of discovering and of overcoming them in their incipiency would be trifling and would be the means of prolonging thousands of lives.” Mr. Rittenhouse believes that if the present thirst for knowledge of health and life conservation contin ues to increase it is not only possible but reasonably certain that during the next 30 years the present death rate of 15 per thousand in the 30 states that keep mortality statistics will be reduced to 10, but this cannot be ac complished without a change from the carelessness of human life which he finds characteristic of Americans and a great extension in the public health service. The real race suicide, he maintains, is not in the insufficiency of births, but in the needless loss of life through preventable diseases. Speaking of the decrease in the birth rate, he says; “We are not only reducing the fer tility of our race and also shortening the span of life, but we are permitting dt least 650,000 lives to be destroyed annually which we could save by the application of simple and well-known precautions. If we would save these lives, they, together with their natu ral offspring, would solve the prob lem of maintaining an adequate sur plus of births over deaths What we need is not necessarily larger faml 'ies, but more families. A larger ■ruber of small families Is surely preferable to a smaller number of large families." Princess’s Books. The princess royal of England, the only daughter of George V. is said to be the object of the same maternal solicitude as her brother, the prince of Wales. The princess, it is said, shows no interest in art as do most of the family, cares nothing for needle work, as do her cousins and her aunts, but she is fond of books and knows all the good authors, English and French. But her prudent nother only permits her to read those books after a careful scrutiny. “The library of the princess,” says a Paris paper, “unique of its kind, con tains only masterpiecse, but in these masterpieces certain pages have been carefully blackened with ink following the fashion of the Russian censorship. The queen is not of the opinion of Rus kin; she does not believe that it is nec .essary to tell youngs girls everything.” have, particularly in America, but more in all countries as they become more democratic. —Collier’s Weekly. Warning to Dreamers. John D. Rockefeller, Jr., in a re cent address in New York, couched in a neat aphorism a warning that dreamers would do well to heed. “We judge ourselves,” said Mr. Rockefeller, “by the deeds which w dream we are capable of doing; but the world judges us only by the deeds we have already done.” it is said makes a superior quality oI paper. Usual Combination. “Did you see where the Kurds have again started in to massacre the Ar menians?” “W T ell, I suppose the Kurds will have their way.” The baby question may be settled in this way. If it is your baby It Is a priceless treasure. If it isn’t your baby it is a nuisance. PRETTY LAMP SHADES SOME NEW IDEAS AND NOVEL SHAPES ARE OUT. Color Scheme Is Main Idea In Ar* rangement That Comes From Paris —Distinct and Sharp Outlines In Favor. Paris has set the fashions in two novel shapes in lamp shades. The soft silks of which they are made must be of the same tone' when not precisely of the exact shade, as the room’s color scheme. This silk, shallowly fluted, is fitted about the foundation of flnest wire in a rounded or distinctly point ed oblong. None of the shades are perfect circles, and in this respect their shapes differ radically from those formerly fashionable. Another marked difference is that the top opening is not materially narrower than is the bottom opening. Conse quently. the shade has a rather tall appearance, sometimes oddly at vari ance with the base of the lamp which it surmounts. On these new shades there are no frills or ballet dancer skirt effects. Their outlines are kept sharp and distinctive, and although they are trimmed with garlands of tiny flowers and foliage in silk, these garnishings are placed about the cen ter of the shade while the top and bot tom edges are finished with the nar rowest of headings. These finishings, attached with the utmost neatness and regularity, consist of the dissect ed necklaces in composition or glass or coral, which cost only a small sum and may be obtained in any of the shades needed for one of these Em pire shades, as they are called In Paris. Another way of making the rounded or distinctly pointed oblong shade is to stamp upon the plain silk a fine design in Grecian pattern, and then embroider It with the tiniest of crystal beads in the same tone as the covering material, which, of course, is not fluted. The light of the lamp shining through these beads gives them a charming radiance like unto Jewels, and the design stands out in amazing relief. A shade thus em broidered should have its edges fin ished with the finest of silk cordage, and if this cannot be obtained in a tone accurately matching the silk, white cordage should be specially dyed for the purpose, for the idea is to make the beading on the center of the article the chief attraction. There fore, no other detail must be promi nent. Turnip Charlotte. Cook slices of carrot and turnips one-fourth of an inch thick until ten der, drain and use them to line a but tered charlotte mold. Boil white turnips until tender; drain and press through a fine sieve. To one cup of puree add one-fourth of a teaspoon salt, a dash of white pepper, a grat ing of nutmeg, one-fourth of a cup of thick cream and. lastly, the stiff beaten whites of three eggs. Bake in the decorated mold, standing in a pan of hot water until the center be comes firm. Turn from the mold and serve with white sauce. Tapioca Custard Pudding. One-half cup of pearl tapioca soaked over night in plenty of cold water. Next day throw off all the water, add one pint of milk, two eggs beaten, two even tablespoons of sugar, very little nutmeg, one-half teaspoon salt, one even tablespoon of butter. Bake slowly, so the custard will not boll. If it should boll It will be watery. Rice custard pudding is made the same, by omitting the tapioca and putting In three-quarters cup of boiled rice. Banana Cake. Three eggs, two cups sugar, one cup milk, two tablespoons butter (scant), one teaspoon soda (even), two teaspoons cream of tartar, es sence of lemon, three even cups flour. Bake in four layers. Banana Filling.—Mash three or four bananas with a fork, juice of one lemon, two-thirds cup sugar, one egg. Boil until thick, stir all the time. Spread between layers. Sprinkle con fectioner’s sugar on top. Finger Cakes. Beat four egg very light; add two teaspoons of vanilla extract and two cups of granulated sugar. Stir in two cups of flour, sifted with three tea spoons of baking powder and a tea spoon of salt. Then add flour to make a stiff dough. Roll into a thin sheet, sprinkle with sugar, cut out with a •‘finger” cutter and bake in a quick oven. This amount makes about forty little cakes, which are excellent with fruit or ice cream. Cider Jelly. One box of gelatine, one pint of sugar, one and one-half quarts of cider, one-half pint of cold water. Soak gelatine in the cold water for two hours. Let cider come to a boll and pour on the gelatine. Add sugar, strain through a napkin and turn in to a mold. When cold place on the ice for six or eight hours. To Freshen Carpet. If your carpet looks dusty and dull after being swept, add two teaspoon fuls of ammonia to half a gallon of cold water, wring a clean cloth out of It, and with this rub the carpet thor oughly all over. Rinse your cloth fre quently and change the water if It gets very dirty. Cake Tin Arrangement. When filling a cake tin remember that the center of the cake is the part which will usually be the highest, so spread the batter as much to the sides as possible, leaving a depression in the center; then the cake, when baked, will be level and much more convenient for icing. Easy to Fit Cork. If a cork is too large for the bottle in which you wish to use it lay It on Its side and with a little board or ruler roll it under all the pressure you can (put on it. It will be elongated to fit in a very few minutes. Onions and Pan. After frying onions, pour a little vinegar into the frying pan, let it get hot, and It will remove all smell from the pan. Diplomatic Circle Is Remarkable for hs Versatility WASHINGTON— Now that the sear shore and mountains have prac tically closed their seasons and each steamship is bringing Its quota of Americans from Europe, society in Washington is preparing for the sea son. Changes in the diplomatic corps fortunately will take from the capital only a few of Its gifted and versatile members. Foreign governments have long made it a point to send to Wash ington gifted representatives. No sooner had Marchese Cusani, the Ital ian ambassador, been appointed to Washington than It became known that in his own country ho had a repu tation as a portrait painter. His por trait of the late King Humbert is re garded as a masterpiece. In the em bassy are many products of his brush. Mr. James Bryce, the British ambas sador, is, of course, one of the noted scholars and writers of the world, and Mr. Jusserand. the French ambassa dor, possesses literary gifts of a high order. These serious activities on the part of the elder diplomatists are balanced by the talents of the younger men and women in the foreign colony. Jonkheer Loudon, minister from the Netherlands, is an accomplished pian ist and violinist. Mme. Louden also Is a brilliant musician and she has May Fight Battles in Air, Says General Wood rAT it Is the opinion of the military experts of this country that th aeroplane In the future will determine the victor of battle, whether on land or sea, was evidenced by a statemen* made the other day at the War col lege by Gen. Leonard Wood, chief of staff of the army, just prior to start ing on his annual tour of inspection of the army posts. “I wish it were possible,” said Gen eral Wood, “for every officer in the army to make a flight in an aero plane with the army aviators. I be lieve that by this means we could ob tain enough officers willing to make a life study of the great possibilities of the aeroplane as an instrument of war —to make this country the fore most In the world in aviation. We were the first to recognize the possi bilities of the aeroplane in warfare, but have been handicapped In further ing their study by the small numbers of officers willing to enter the avia tion school. Other countries, follow ing our lead, passed us in the appli lation of the aeroplane to military sci ence. They have a large corps of men studying every possible phase of the aeroplane in warfare. Has Not a Doubt That Man Came From a Monkey IT* 0 T 0 UUAN cannot have ariseo except Iff from some more thetfoid (ani mal-like) form zoologically,’’ it is de clared in “Early Man in South Ameri ca,” just issued from the govern ment printing office. Ales Hrdlicka, curator of the di vision of physical anthropology of the National museum, is the author of the publication, which is known as “House of Representatives Document, No. 481.” “On the basis of what is positive ly known today In regard to early man, and with the present scientific views regarding man’s evolution,” Mr. Hrdlicka says in his report, “the anthropologist has a right to expect human bones, particularly crania, ex ceeding a few thousand years In age. Washington the Home of the Man on Horseback WASHINGTON 1s known as the home of the man on “horseback,” and it gets this somewhat unique title because of the number of equestrian statues in Washington. Most of the outdoor sculptures in the National capital are of a military order, and most of this statuary has been sup plied by military organizations. And .while these organizations may be powerful enough in hauling In the money they certainly do not know how to spend it artistically, for a greater lot of rubbish never littered up a city than these equestrian statues in Washington. Among the soldiers of the Revolu tionary war represented in the cap ital’s squares and circles are Wash ington and Greene. Jackson and Scott belong to the period of 1812; the latter also to that of the Mexican war. Of Civil war leaders there is a far more plentiful supply, among them Sherman, Sheridan. Thomas, McPher son. McClellan, Hancock and Logan, with Farragut and Dupont thrown in to represent the navy. Another special military group Is that of foreign soldiers in the Revo lutionary war —Lafayette, Rocham beau. Von Steuben. Kosciusko and Pulaski, and, surrounding the Lafay -0 It May Happen. “Women are certainly progressing.” “That’s what. I’m looking to see Vassar challenge Yale at football any day now. sung at many private entertainments. The members of the family of the Costa Rican minister and Mme. Calvo are versatile musicians, and their, friends often have had the pleasure of hearing a recital by the younger ones, Viscountes Benoist d’Azzy. wife of the naval attache of the French em bassy, could easily make her living, should it be necessary, by fash ioning novel favors for cotillons. She entertains a great deal In Washington and when she Is at home in Parts. For her cotillions she usually Invites several of her friends to help her make the favors, such as fancy pic ture frames, little French baskets and attractive waste paper baskets of fan cy cardboard and crepe paper. She is regarded as one of the most gifted amateur actresses in Paris and Wash-, ington. Another accomplished young mem ber of the diplomatic circle is Mr. Henri Martin, charge d’affaires of the Swiss embassy. He can write fan tastic verse with the ease of a pro fessional poet, can cut all sorts of fancy figures on ice or roller skates and can dance a clog with the finish of a vaudeville performer. Mr. Han lel, charge d’affaires of the German embassy: Mr. Alfred Horstmann, also of the Oerma nembaasy, and Mr, De Bach, of the Russian embassy, also are fancy dancers. Mr. Mitchell Innes. counsellor of the British embassy, directs his ener gies to more practical things when not engaged in diplomatic affairs. Asa gardener he has had success and he finds his chief recreation in “putter ing around” the garden of his home in Washington. “I am in favor of encouraging aviation in every possible way, for I firmly believe that It is not idle talk to say that battles In the fhture may be fought in the air. If I had the pow er I would increase the pay of the officers who enter the aviation school. There should be some compensation for the risk to which they daily put their lives. I hope congress at its next session will pass the pending bill increasing their pay 20 per cent. “Our recent army maneuvers. In which the aeroplane was used exten sively, proved that aviation is no long er an experiment, but a practical sci ence. General Bliss in his report to me of the maneuvers states that the value of the aeroplane for scouting and bomb throwing purposes was clearly demonstrated.” and more especially those of geologic antiquity, shall present marked morphologic differences, and that these differences shall point in the di rection of more primitive forms. “No conclusion can be more firmly founded than that man is a product of an extraordinary progressive differen tiation from some anthropomogenlc stock, which developed somewhere in the later tertiary among the primates. He began then as an organism that in brain and body was less than man, that was an anthropoid. From this stage he could not become at once as he is today, though in some stages of his evolution he may have advanced by leaps, or at least more rapidly than In others. He must have devel oped successively morphologic modifi cations called for by his advance to ward the present man, and have lost gradually those features that inter fered with his advance or become use less —progress which la still unfinish ed.” Among other things that man lost on his way from monkey to man is a long and hairy tail. Mr. Hrdlicka does not say so, but he indicates It. ette statue in Lafayette park, Ro chambeau (again), Duportal, De Grasse and d’Estaing. Among the statesmen and jurists Franklin, Mar shall, Webster and Garfield have me morials, aqd congress has recently authorized a memorial on a great scale to Lincoln. Bills were passed by the senate the other day providing for statues of Hamilton and Jefferson. These memorials are all in addition to the contents of Statuary hall at the capitol, to which each state is en titled to contribute two figures. In that assemblage the whole gamut of merit is run, both in artistic repre sentation and in historic distinction. It is said that the statue of Gen Geo.' H. Thomas in Thomas circle is the finest equestrian statue in the world, but it has very few r companions as works of art in Washington. Among the Other Animals. Baker —In five years you won’t see a horse on the street. Wayburn—Yes; they would be safer on the sidewalks. — Th Causeur.