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/.y ’ hat ancient maxim that the worm will turn w r as n alarmingly emphasized on i Bj a large scale not long I ago when a whale hit the ■ schooner Empire on the B| Grand Banks while in a vexed mood, and obliged the crew to abandon the * vessel and to trust to the sea in a*i open boat. Whether or not there is any wide feeling of opposi tion to man on the part of whaledom at large is open to speculation, but certain it is that not long afterward the schooner J. H. Bruce in the North Pacific received a rude jar which knocked flat those on deck and threw the resting members of the crew out of their berths. A whale had hit the craft an uppercut of stunniug violence and then it disappeared under her bows, but not before it switched its tail derisively and carried aw r ay the jibboom and some of the rigging. Both accidents follow'ed right on a statement from Washington urging the inauguration of a closed season for whales and they suggest the ques tion of w hether or not these particular ■whales had been-wiretapping and steal ing secrets from the submarine ca bles. It is a matter of record that one whale was actually found entangled 400 fathoms down in a cable off the Chilean coast, and this may indicate that at least that whale paid dearly for its inquisitiveness. But this is not the last piece of evi dence regarding the attitude toward man of these great denizens of the deep. Mariners on the coast of Scot land declare that a whale in the neigh borhood of the Firth of Forth has shown a striking disposition to aid seafarers. This particular whale Is only ten feet long —possibly young and foolish and as yet unacquainted with the manners in which its forbears have been harried and hunted by man for centuries; but be this as it may, it has taken upon itself the task of piloting vessels in those waters. As soon as it hears the whistle of a near ing ship it goes dowm the Firth, makes sure of its object and then heads about and proceeds leisurely in advance, escorting the craft until an anchorage is reached. But it is not because of these later demonstrations on the part of whales that George M. Bow'ers, commission er of fisheries, has proposed a closed season. ills recommendation is the outcome of quite another situation, and apparently devoid of any senti ment except that inspired by dollars and cents. Mr. Bowers explains his proposal on the following grounds: "Whales of the various species found in North Pacific waters have been growing less abundant in the last decade or so. The whalers find it more and more difficult each year to secure a profitable catch. In recent years the establishment of whaling stations on the British Columbian coast and out in southwestern Alaska has caused a rapid decrease of whales off that coast. One or more of t’-e species are so near extinction that a closed period realy ought to be provided. This, of course, could be brought about by international agreement.” Despite the fact that whalers come and whalers go at New Bedford, that ancient home of whaling would have scant reason for being but for other local industries. The whaling craft of this old Massachusetts seaport are “Here is a watch for which I paid $l5O and I can’t depend on it for two days at a time,” was the complaint put up by a clerk in a downtown fac tory. f "Have you had a watchmaker look at it?" was the natural query of the friend to w’hom he was complaining. “Yes. I have; but it does no good; varies just the same after I start to wear it again.” said the owner. Cause and Effect. A gentleman from the Midlands, who was spending a month at Brigh ton, went to London for a few days’ visit. He had his wife and daughter and plenty of money with him The daughter, after buying what ever she wanted, decided that she must also have a bulldog. The entire family went to help her to select the dog, but they could not agree in their choice, so the gentleman bought three —the selection of each, it* three dogs sent to THE DYNAMO DID IT scarcely of the class that once made th ! place famous. Most of the vessels from New Bedford now are schooners, with an occasional brig, and once in a while a bark, but those deep bottom ed, “long legged" ships of earlier days, built especially for this work, are to be seen only as stranded hulks or gaunt ribbed skeletons. The fact of it is that the steam whaler has sup planted the sailing craft, that the ships have to travel faster find fur ther to make the business pay at all. In the days of the sailing w : halers they put to sea outfitting for four years, and as likely as not they cir cled the globe and hunted in all the seas before they returned to port, deep with their loads and smelling as only a whaler can smell with nearly the w'hole of her body saturated with rancid oil. Now even a whaler under canvas seldom voyages for longer than tvo years, and the sail and steam w r haiers go provisioned for a single season, while the specially equipped steam whalers of Scandinavia and Japan run in and out of their home ports at frequent intervals. Apropos of the Japanese, there is in this industry another example of the w'onderful adaptability of these Ori entals; they have learned the up-to date methods of the modern Norse men and have probably done more than any other people tow r ard clearing the big cetacea from the North Pa cific. They have not only hunted the whale relentlessly and with every fa cility calculated to make their quest more fruitful, but they have shown the rest of the world how' to utilize substantially every part of these great creatures of the sea. Formerly the oil, specmaceti and whalebone, were the prime objects of the quest, and occasionally there was the added and unexpected windfall of a lump or so of highly prized amber gris, but the tons upon tons of flesh and bone were abandoned to the scav engers of the sea. Not so today upon the North Pacific, and especially among the Jananese. The skin and cartilage yield glue,- the bones are ground up for fertilizer and the flesh is canned for food and considered a luxury among the Orientals. Europeans who have eaten this meat commend it highly, and this is really nothing but a verification of the taste of the native West African. For gen erations the negroes of the w est coast, despite the tropical climate and what science considers the proper food for such regions, have rejoiced whenever a whaler near their shores has left them the blubber stripped body of a whale to feast upon. Whale oil today has not the market it once enjoyed when sperm oil cast its glow' in nearly every home. Its uses are largely limited to tempering steel and for the dressing of leath er. This of course lowers its selling price. Even the spermaceti has its rival from out of the earth, and this material is now fashioned into can dles mainly for religious services. Of course ambergris is as precious as ever, if not more so, but this is more an accident than a deliberate consequence of whaling. Just what produces ambergris is still a matter of speculation, but it is generally be lieved to be the product or conse quence of an intestinal disorder of a sperm whale. Ambergris sells for S4O an ounce and upwmrd, depending upon the market supply. It does not require a large lump to net the finder The friend made further remarks to the effect that aa the watch was a good one there must be some trouble which could be cured when discovered and stated that he would make in quiries from an expert of his ac quaintance. In a few days he called at his friend’s place of business and asked him to show the location of his desk, which was in the basement. “Just as I expected.” was the re- Brighton, then changed his plans aft er going back there, and took his family home. A few days later he received the following letter from the stableman at Brighton: “Dear Sir: Your three bulldogs ar rived all right last night on the same train. I locked them up together last night In a loose box. —Yours truly, J. J. **p. S. —We have only one loose box. - |%. ‘ , P : “P. P. S. —You will have to buy some more don.** iii the form of a tincture by dissolving four ounces of ambergris in a gallon of alcohol. This is added in very small measures to the perfumes or ex tracts, and that the fragrance of a good scent lingers is essentially due to this stuff from the sperm whale. Last July a whale killed in the North Pacific is said to have yielded the largest quantity of ambergris ever found, and its total value amounted to $150,000. Last October two other men found about 52 pounds of amber gris near Seward, Alaska. Figured at $4O an ounce, this meant the respect able sum of $33,280. To mold or to preserve her figure woman turns to the whale. The steel man, the chemist and others have done their best to provide substitutes, but baleen, or whalebone, stands un rivaled for this purpose. In cones quence the price of whalebone has been steadily rising in the last few years. There is something in the hunting of whales which concerns every one without regard to sex. If the whale, as the Japanese have clearly proved, can be turned into a valuable source of food supply, there is reason to look upon these mammals in a different light. Their substance is that of a warm blooded animal and is flesh, and as such has probably all of the sub stance of beef. Surely in view of this an entirely different system for capturing the cetacea should be followed in order that the flesh may furnish the people with an added means of nourishment. What whalers have turned adrift to the sharks and to other scavengers of the ocean can be profitably utilized for human food, a food, which, from all accounts is palatable. This would supply an additional ground for Com missioner Bowers’ recommendation for a closed season. "Whether or not whale meat may ever become a staple delicacy is not a subject for concern, but it would probably be welcome to many thou sands of citizens. It certainly should cost less than beef. Checkmated. Apropos of the war in the Balkans, A. L. Bedford, of the Society of the War of 1812, told a war story in Hart ford. “A Hartford man,” he said, “had a spendthrift son. This son enlisted for the war, and, after he had been on active service a month or two, he ran out of money. ‘‘So, in order to get the cash for champagne and Egyptian cigarettes and other martial luxuries, the son wired his father: “ ‘Leg shot off in last engagement. Send funds for artificial limb.' “The father’s wire came promptly back; “ ‘Wooden leg goes forward per ex press. If it does not fit, get camp carpenter to plane it down.’ ” Urge Wider Use of Schools. Unity church in Montclair, N. J., is trying to help in the life of the com munity by urging certain reforms through the advertising columns of the newspapers. One measure thus advocated is the wider use of the pub lic schools. Montclair, it says, has $1,000,000 invested in its educational plant, and this is idle one-third of the year. “Our schools should reach the adults as well as the children ” says the church advertisement. “Civic and athletic clubs, mother’s classes and moving picture exhibitions should oc cupy the schools in the evening." mark, “you are working near the dyna mo, which is an old-fashioned one, and the hair spring of your watch is being magnetized. You can purchase a rub ber case, which you can use while at work, or any first-class watchmaker w'ill get you a device to attach to your watch which will make it proof against any magnetic current.” i Room for Many More. Labrador has an area of 200,000 square miles, but a population of only 4,000. Tests for Drinking Water. One of the best and simplest tests is to put a pint of the water in a flat earthen vessel, evaporate it quickly and scrape the receptacle clean of any residue. If such residue is white and powdery, it means lime or gypsum, hence the water is hard, but safe. A whitish green or whitish yellow gum my residue is suspicious. Burn it. and yL it turns black, giving out the smell of burned feathers, the water is con taminated with animal refuse and like ly breeder of typhoid. •V'V • ■ t .'S'P-s''' '’ • 4h- '... •> a rich reward aat it used to be tin hope of every fish erman of New Bed ford to find enougl to buy him a farn upon which to re tire from the sea Its principal anc almost its onlj use now is In the preparation of fine perfumes. It act£ as a fixer and serves to produce homogeneity and permanence to the different constitu ents used. Per fumers employ it &/7c/ Questions From “Rosebud." I found your questions and answers last Sunday. I did not know’ they were in there until a friend of mine told me about them. I think they are ao,nice for young folks to read. I have been going with a girl twenty years old, but she seems to be no older than myself (I am thirteen). We al ways went with the boys together, but she married recently, and do you think it all right for me to go to theaters at night alone with a boy. My mother does not approve of me having com pany very much. Do you think it any harm for a boy to kiss a girl? I sup pose you think 1 am rather a flirt, but I just wanted your opinions on it. I hope you won’t think I have asked too many questions.— Rosebud. A mother is perfectly right who dis approves of a thirteen-year-old girl going alone at night to the theater. Don’t do it and don’t allow boys to kiss you. It is decidedly common and ill bred and no boy of good birth and breeding who has the least respect for the girl asks her to do it, so if you are going with that kind of a boy you had better stop. The Correct Answer. Please state in your column the meaning of “R. S. V. P.” ac,d how to reply to this invitation: MRS. J. M. SMITH MRS. R. T. JONES At Home February Twenty-second Three O’clock R. S. V. P. “500.” To whom should answer be ad dressed?-—Mrs. W. The meaning of “R. S. V. P.” is In aiglish, “The favor of a reply is re quested, if you please;” the French is “Repondez s’il vous plait” It is uses to remind us that hostesses wish an answer to their invitations. In the case you mention, regret or accept to the one whose name heads the list, as It is probably at her home where the reception will be held. For a Bride-Elect. 1 am a young girl of twenty and of very limited means. I have a very dear friend who is going to be mar ried. Could you please suggest some thing that I give in her honor. I enjoy your columns immensely.—M. R. J. Surely, entertain for your friend. Just because your purse is a bit light is no reason for not giving good times to others. Ask the girls to bring a dish towel apiece and mark the same for the bride-elect, then about five o'clock serve a tray with tea and two kinds of sandwiches, add candies and salted nuts and you will have suffi cient, and girls love these cosy times. Name for Girls’ Club. Would you kindly suggest a few names for a social club of girls rang ing from the age of fifteen to seven teen years? —Poppy. One of the dearest lot of girls I know, who meet as a little club, call themselves the “Happy Hearts;” so I think perhaps this name will just suit you. Concerning a Wedding. At a home wedding should the groom’s attendant deliver to the pas tor who performs the ceremony the wedding fees when the marriage cer tificate is given him, or after the cere mony is over? Please accept my thanks for your answer through your paper.—A Con stant Reader. Give the minister the fee when the business is settled, just before the cer emony, for usually there is no good opportunity afterwards. Initials Always Proper. Is silver to be given a bride always engraved with the initials of her maiden name? Is her first name per missible to use? —M. L. Yes, both silver and linen bear the initials of the bride. Near and dear friends sometimes use the first name, and sometimes a pet. cognomen is en graved on a personal gift. This is done on silver picture frames, which are much in vogue at present, presumably to hold the husband-elect’s photo graph. To Miss “Brown Eyes.” Begin your letter “Dear Mr. Blank.” It is much better than to use his first name until you become more intimate friends, and sign yourself “Sincerely yours.” I think the elderly man can give you something costly without its being jewelry, but of course that is for you and your family to decide. I see no harm in writing to the friend you mention after be writes to von first. MADAME MERRI. Boudoir Cap. A pretty boudoir cap may be made in this way, says the Ladies’ Home Journal; Cut in circular form a piece of dotted Swiss or muslin 21 Inches square and edge It with lace. About three Inches from the edge sew on a lace insertion. Hun through this a ribbon-covered elastic to fit the size of the head. If desired, a ribbon rosette may be sewed over each ear. When the cap becomes soiled, remove the elastic and bows and It may be laundered | KEEPING FACE FRESH Cosmetic Waters Indispensable for the Toilet For the Worried Woman a Little, Mas saged into the Scalp, Will Be Found to Have a Magi cal Effect. Refreshing toilet waters are a real necessity for the woman of dainty habits and many of these cosmetic waters can be prepared at home with little effort and without great ex pense. Nothing is more agreeable than a spray of cosmetic water after the tub bath at the close of a tiresome day. A little aromatic water dabbled on the face and neck will freshen one up wonderfully and often will pre vent the tired drawn look which Is very detrimental to beauty. The business woman and the pro fessional woman, whose daylight hours are spent in office or school or studio, will find It an excellent plan to keep a bottle of toilet water handy and two or three times during the day rub a little over the temples and on the back of the neck and on the hands. A little of the fragrant water massaged into the scalp will some times have a magical effect when the head feels heavy and the wits dull. Some of the best of the purchased waters are violet, lavender, orange and elder flower, but the mixtures for home preparation possess a charm for the woman who likes to be indi vidual in her toilet accessories, and the combination of the different in gredients brings out some very dainty odors. One of the very delightful toilet waters and one which is really valu able for its tonic effect, is made from simplb garden herbs. If these herbs can be procured in the fresh state the results will be more satisfactory, but if not, the dried ones will answer. The formula calls for one ounce of lavender flowers, three-quarters of an ounce each of the fresh tops of thyme rosemary, rue, sage and mint; one dram each of calamus, nutmegs, cloves and cinnamon, all of which should be bruised; one dram of cam phor, two ounces of alcohol and one quart of strong white wine vinegar. Dissolve the camphor in the alcohol, add to the vinegar and put all the herbs and spices into the liquid; let it stand for ten days, when It should be strained through filter paper. An excellent violet water can be made by simply emptying an ounce bottle of the toilet extract into a pint of the best alcohol and shaking the mixture till it is well Jplended. The same process, using any other scent, will answer the purpose, and lilac, crabapple and heliotrope are all de sirable. Heliotrope water is made from one half pint of orange-flower water, four drams of coarsely powdered vanilla, one-half dram essence of ambergris, six drops oil of bitter almonds and the same amount of oil of cassia, and one quart of spirits of wine. Let stand for ten days, then filter through the porous paper especially used for such purposes. Common cologne water requires one and one-half fluid ounces of oil of lavender, one-half ounce oil of rosemary, one ounce oil of lemon, twenty drops oil of cinnamon and one gallon alcohol. Mix well and bottle for use. These are all good formulas and will prove satisfactory no matter which one is chosen. Patsy. —You will find that many cases of baldness are due to the fact that the pores of the scalp are filled with foreign matter which effectually clogs them and prevents the hair from pushing through. The hair follicles may not be destroyed at all, and may be ready to start a growth of hair if the clogged condition could be re moved and the hair given a chance to grow. Sometimes there are tiny, and almost invisible plugs of dead skin, and when they are removed with a suitable tonic, the hair grows in a seemingly marvelous manner. It Is really very simple, but is not generally understood. Madge and Ruth —The hands are rather slow to yield to the influence of a building cream, but if you will use the lilac paste regularly at night and occasionally soak the bands in warm olive oil for twenty minutes you can bring back the youthful ap pearance again and greatly improve the texture of the skin as well. The lilac paste is prepared especially for the hands and is very agreeable to use. Jonah.—Baldness is frequently caus ed by the pores of the scalp becoming clogged, and this not only causes the hair to lose its vitality and fall out. but also effectually prevents the new hairs from pushing their way through to the surface. A tonic which cleanses the pores and stimulates the action of the hair follicles would be likely to start a healthy growth of hair, even on a perfectly bald head. The roots of the hair are contained in the scalp, and are always ready to grow new hair If we will but give nature half j a chance. Oily tonics only serve to clog the pores and are not useful as “hair growers.” Florence. —The intense heat used in the drying process is quite likely re sponsible for the condition of your hair. The hair should always be rub bed gently with soft absorbent towels and when dry brushed briskly for a few minutes. Do not Irritate the scalp and do not use a brush which is too stiff. (Copyright. 1912. by Universal Press Syn dicate.) True Economy In Dress. To my mind, one of tLe chief objec tives to aim at in choosing new clothes, is to select a garment which for Its beauty of color, line, and cut is distinctive, and the® carefully tc consider whether it will do duty for the occasions for which it is required “To buy with care and wear with dis cretion,” would prove a valuable raett. for the average woman, whether sh possesses an ample or • small <\. ... siiovrtnce.—Exch:.; _ - Mr. William A. Radford will answer questions and give advice FREE OP COST on all subjects pertaining to the subject of building, for the readers of this paper. On account of his wide experience as Editor. Author and Manufacturer, he Is, without doubt, the highest authority on all these subjects. Address all Inquiries to William A. Radford, No. ITS West Jackson boulevard. Chicago, 111,, and only enclose two-cent stamp for reply. It is true that many thousands of city dw'ellers who have, in the natur al love of the country, a love for a home with grounds and gardens are unable to have what they desire for various reasons, pricipally because of a lack of means. ‘ City dwellers are compelled for the most part to live in flats or apart ments with never a look at trees or grass. Privacy so much to be desired Is out of the question because of the common hallway; and the tramping of feet overhead is a constant reminder that the place is not a homo but mere ly a place to stay. The w-hole Idea of the builders of city “homes” Is to economize space and get ail the rooms possible on a given piece of ground in order to gain revenue. All sight is lost of the ar tistic and everything must bend to the one purpose of income. The occupants live along and constantly dream of a little cottage with a few vines and a garden place in the back yard, and a place for the children to play where they will not be under the constant espionage of a janitor with a grouen. This is all wrong and it is unneces sary. You may be a salaried man. You may think you cannot do any dif ferent. You have not the money to buy the ground, it is true, and author ize a builder to put you up a house such as you w'ant. You have alw’ays ■ ■ ■ i — ' '■■■— “ . ; ■ % thought that even if you bought a house you must take one already made by some real estate firm and pay their high price. Now listen. The real estate man has selling expense. He has advertis ing bills, office rent, clerk hire, main tenance of salesmen, and many other I a- 1 h |cl| Kitchen | Bepßm - J I WWdW J rm ! / /nJW 1 jll _ 1 pilr u -5° M j! ■ Porch First Floor Plan. expenses in addition to his profit, that figure in the price of any given house. It is safe to say that this real estate man would be glad to eliminate this expense if he could make a deal that did not involve all these factors. He builds to sell. Suppose you w r ere to HOUSING PROBLEM IN ITALY Really Helpful Scheme That Has Been Started by Prince of the Roman Church. In Italy a Roman cardinal has gone beyond mere discussion, beyond the forming of societies and committees for the relief of the ill-housed. Cardi nal Cassetta has given up many acres of his own private lands to be divided In lots among the poor peas ants of the district, and has moreover provided them with materials for building thereon cottages for them selves. The property thus given is to be under the direction of the com munes of each district. The big land owners of the country are not exactly pleased. “The cardinal is a Socialist,” was the cry raised by many, and they went so far as to complain to the pope. Pope Pius sent for his cardi nal. But It was only to say, after learning full particulars; “Eminence, your theories are those of Jesus Christ; I give my blessing to the good work you are doing for the laborers of the land.” —The Living Church. Even the Chanticleer. Clarence was leaving early that night. The cuckoo had just sounded the eleventh hour. In the back yard Che family rooster uttered a maudlin jrow. “Clarence.” called her father ’rctn an upper window, “will it trouble you to step around back of the house and throttle that rooster? He heard the door close and he thinks it’s day light.” take to him the plan of the house shown here and say: "Now, you are in the business of building and sell ing houses on small payments. You want your customers satisfied. Prob ably you are going to build a number of houses In the next few month*. Now, hero is a house that just suits me. If you will build It I will take it on the same terms you would ask for one that you might build from some 1 • j ! Bed Pm r ~~"i i j4'o'x!Z'o* r .. .l Clos , / - JOl ff&j. I l exriH I Haul p , 7b-*7-o* x i , 2-4 —^aSlLJ ClO 5 x ' Clo 5. I ■i„ ■,■■■■— Bed Rm 1 ■■■■ • t4'o*XlA‘<T T LI I ! Second Floor Plan. other plan. I will sign the contract now.” There is no probability that the or dinary real estate man would refuse your torms. And what would you have? You would have the same house you would get if you owned a lot and built on it. Now', the house shown here is one of the popular bun galow' type of houses and is especial- ly attractive on account of the fact that the porch Is included under the roof of the house. Nor is it expensive. It ought to be built complete for $2,600. This house is 31 feet. 6 inches wide and 33 feet long. It has an attractive porch with strong lines. The design is one that will make every person look at the house as he passes by; and it Is one that will always sell, if at any future time conditions should arise that would cause you to want to dis pose of it. That you cannot do with a house, which, unlike this one, has no individuality. There is a large living room 16 feet square, and at the right of this Is the dining room 13 feet, 6 Inches by 12 feet in dimensions. The kitchen is reached from the dining room through a passageway. This is a good ar rangement for the reason that all smoke and steam from the kitchen will be kept out of the dining room. One of the good features about this house is the fact that It is well lighted, and every room will be bright and cheery. The second floor is reached by a stairway leading from the living room. On this floor are twd bedrooms which, with the one on tho first floor, pro vides three In all. The bathroom is located at the end of a hall chat ex tends through the house, thus assur ing plenty of air on summer nights through the windows at each end. An unusual arrangement and one that will appeal to every housewife Is the fact that there are six closets in this house, providing plenty of storage place. Business Before Pleasure. Edwin Booth, the barytone, tells of an experience he had recently in an Ohio town. He had been engaged to sing by a local Chautauqua association and when he alighted from the train the chairman met him. “If it rains this afternoon we will have rehearsal at three o’clock.” the chairman announced to the singer. “If It doesn’t rain the rehearsal will be held at five o’clock.” The effect of rain on rehearsals puzzled Booth and finally he asked the chairman to explain. "Well, it’s like this,” he was told. “Our pianist drives the sprinkling wagon. If it rains he won’t have tc sprinkle and can be with us at three o’clock. Of course, if it doesn’t rain he will have to sprinkle and —” “Oh, I understand,” Booth inter rupted. “It’s a case of business be fore pleasure.” Chicagoan’s Auto Invention. Franklin J. Morgan of Chicago has patented an arrangement in connection with a steering mechanism at one side of the body of an automobile of three seats disposed In a single row and each comprising a complete seat and back. One of the end seats is located Immediately in rear of the steering mechanism and the middle seat is abruptly offset in the rear of the line of the adjoining end seats and its back is correspondingly off set. The occupants of the middle seat is so situated that he will not caps© any interference with the operations.