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Through The Needle’s Eye One curious feature of the Church of the Nativity In Jerusalem is the fact that its only entrance is through a small door which has been so walled In that it is necessary to bend low to pass it. This “Needle’s Eye,” as it is called, which leads to the porch in which is the only door to the church, is a relic of the days when the building had to be secured against Moslem attack. BIRD DOG HAS SPECTACLES Minnesota Fanny, a thoroughbred English setter, owned by Troy Can ‘re!! of Lead Hill. Ark., wears spec tacles. She was fitted with ’’specks” b> an oculist, who found that she was suffering from astigmatism. For years Fanny has been known as tho best hunting dog in northwest Arkansas. Before the opening of the quail shoot ing season the dog went to the fields by herself, and on returning was bad ly scratched ai:d showed evidence of bad falls and bumps. Her owner ioulri not understand this until the r, "Muinp day of the season. Fanny T-iM awfully hard, it seemed, but cmyW not keep from falling into ditclf p and running into trees, and Mr.A antrell then discovered that her eye® had become affected during the summer. The dog’s ‘‘specks” are held in place by straps and appear very much like goggles. The lenses are protected from damage by protruding rims of metal. The Intelligent dog seems to understand their benefit and ‘‘hunts” like an old timer now. HAND CANNON, NOT FOR WAR ; ' The weapon illustrated, which is de scribed as a hand-cannon. Is designed to throw rather large objects a com paratively short distance. There is lit tle that is warlike about it, and it lays no great claim to absolute pre cision. It is intended primarily for he service of police besieging ‘‘ban dits," and will enable them to throw "bombs” containing anesthetics into the robbers' lair. It can also be used for throwing life-lines to wrecks; for the breaking open of doors by means of projectiles thrown against them; and, in cases of fire, for the throwing of extinguishers. It is the invention of M Mathlot of Paris. FISHES WITH SEARCHLIGHTS Some remarkable models of fishes that Inhabit the great depths of the Atlantic. Pacific and Indian oceans have been put on exhibition in the American Museum of Natural History. They are considered the most note worthy contributions yet made to pop ular knowledge concerning the ap pearance. complicated structure and habits of the curious creatures that dwell from one to five miles below the surface of the ocean, in regions never penetrated by sunlight. When fish from the greatest depth reach the top they are always dead, having been killed by the change in pressure in the early stage of their upward journey Many of the crea tures from the depths are cartilagin ous and do not have a bony structure. Nearly all the fishes have formidable teeth and are extremely voracious, with mouths of enormous capacity; In fact some have stomachs of such ex pansion that they can perform the astonishing feat of swallowing ani mals larger than themselves. Probably the most Interesting and astonishing of the deep sea dwellers are the luminous Ashes, marvelously equipped with organs for projecting light. These light organs are a means of illuminating the dark abyssal re gions which they inhabit, and of en abling them to avoid foes, recognize their own kind and capture prey. Many of these fishes display curious eyelike organs down the sides of the body, forming as it were a series of miniature bull's-eye lanterns. Again, others possess light-emitting organs behind the eyes or on the head and shoulders. Provided with lanterns or luminous spots, these fishes find their way In the great depths and plow through the dark waters like flaming torches. Some of the deep sea fishes are pro vided with a rod which is hinged so that its tip can be sWung immediately over Its back or in front of the vora cious mouth. At the end of this rod is illuminous lore. This decoy attracts other sea inhabitants, which are quick ly engulfed as they approach this shining point. The lamp is also used by the fish itself in pursuit of prey, throwing out a beam of light like a searchlight as it darts to and fro in the inky w-aters. Many of the fishes are totally blind: these fall easy victims to the hunter after being detected by the bright rays of the lure. It has been found that at a depth of 3,000 feet the sun’s rays cease to penetrate the ocean. The eyes of the deep sea inhabitants have undergone some curious modifications. In the majority of cases it is found that the eyes are either very large or very small. A large proportion of the deni zens of the deep possess either no eyes or eyes reduced to mere vestiges. The'deepest sounding so far reached on the ocean floor is in the North Pa cific, near the Island of Guam, 5,269 fathoms, or 31,614 feet, or about 66 feet less than six miles. This enor mous depth is 2,612 feet greater than the highest land elevation above the sea. that of Mount Everest In the Himalaya mountains, 29,000 feet. These great deeps, as they are termed, vary in form and size. The Jasper, The Wonderful Dog Jasper, whose owner is Dixie Taylor of Richmond, Va., has been aston ishing scientists and other prominent men by his wonderful intelligence. Not long ago he was received by President Taft. Jasper is the son of an Italian greyhound with an English bull mother and is two years and four months old. He decs almost everything but talk and seems to understand everything his master says to him. He has been studied by psychologists and biologists at Yale, Harvard, Syracuse, Western Reserve and Johns Hop kins universities and at the Smithsonian Institution. [ Nares Deep, lying wholly In the At ! lantic ocean, north of the West Indies, jis the largest. The floor of this deep sinks to 4,000 fathoms and Is esti mated to cover an area of 700,00 square miles. The animal life on the ocean floor Is enormous. Not all of the species have as yet been described. INGENUITY WINS PARDON Among the prisoners in the French convict settlement of New Caledonia were two marine engineers who not long ago received a pardon—strange as It may seem —for making a dar ing and ingenious attempt to es cape. Liivng together in the same hnt, these men were engaged for years In digging a secret tunnel from their hut to the beach. At the end of the tunnel they hollowed out a chamber, to which, with pieces of driftwood and little bits of steel and iron smuggled into the hut, they fashioned a boat, the metal being at first used to make tools and afterwards to worm bolts and rivets. Then with Infinite pains they built an engine to propel the boat, and aft er laboring mightily for seven years they completed their task. Everything was ready except the provisioning of the vessel, when they were betrayed by a fellow-convict to whom they had confided their plan? But so impressed was the French commandant of their marvelous en ergy and skill, and patience, that he managed after a year to obtain a par don for them. SNAKE SUPS SKIN TO FLEE Alexander Dewsnap of Bristol, Pa., found a blacksnake sunning Itself and tried to catch the reptile alive. Just as the snake dived into a hole. Dew snap clutched its tail and drew it out again, as he thought. Only the skin, however, remained in his hands, the blacksnake having suddenly divested itself of its clothes in order to escape. Dewsnap has had the skin preserved and is using it for an umbella cover. ODD WESTPHALIAN FOUNTAIN [ ••••■•• ■ ' ------ This remarkable fountain, recently erected in the market-place of a town In Westphalia, is the work of a well known sculptor. It is probably the first instance of racing being repre sented in statuary In such a connec tion FINED FOR DETOEING HENS For following a custom of many countrymen of cutting off one toe from each chicken in his flock for the purpose of identification, Charles Goldy of Riverside, N. J., was haled into court by William Hall, anti-cru elty society agent, but after Justice of the Peace Grogan had listened to his reasons, Goldy was dismissed with a fine of a dollar. NURSE IN FAMILY 61 YEARS After 61 years of continuous service in one family as a nurse, Elizabeth Doran died at the home of Miss F. M Campbell in Heweletts, L. I. She was seventy-five years old and had been employed by the Campbells since she was fourteen years old. WANT AJiG FUND Friends of Aviation Ask Congress to Appropriate $3,000,000. Experts Call Attention to the Power ful Aerial Fleets Possessed by All the European Powers—Nation Now Far In the Rear. Washington. —Hopelessly outclassed by Prance, Germany, England, Russia and many small nations of Europe in the number of aeroplanes in use for military purposes, friends of the flying game in the United States are busy planning a tentative bill calling for a $3,000,000 appropriation for the ad vancement of aviation by the army and navy. A bill is now being prepared call ing upon congress to authorize this amount, in order to put the United States to the front in this new arm of defense and offense. It is understood the bill will be introduced into the house of representatives, possibly by Representative William G. Sharp of Ohio, who is known to the flying men In this country as “the champion of the cause” in the house It will be pointed out that this great appropriation really would give this oountry the prestige enjoyed by the larger nations of Europe in this new field. Including the aeroplanes and hydroplanes of both the army and the the navy, the United States today can muster but twenty-two machines. Prance has almost 1,000, while Eng land and Germany have several hun dred each. The war department will be asked to detail a sufficient number of men to operate the large number of ma chines which would be bought under the appropriation. The men who are interested in the new' bill represent the aeronautical societies, manufacturers of American-, made aeroplanes, army officers and Gen. James Allen. scientific mdn interested in the ad vancement of the science made pos sible by the efforts of Prof. Samuel I.angley, Wilbur Wright, Glenn Curtis anJ other pioneers of flying. Brigadier General James Allen, chief officer of the signal corps, deplores the fact that the year 1912 has shown no advancement in aviation In the United States army except that of the individual efforts of the aviators themselves, and other officials directly Interested in the advancement of this new arm of the nation’s offense and defense. “It is time some real enthusiasm Is shown by congress,” declares the veteran officer, who retires from the service on February IS. “We are prac tically standing still in this great and scientific problem, while France, Eng land, Germany, Russia, Japan and most all of the larger foreign nations are making wonderful strides.” According to General Allen, the United States army has but fourteen biplanes ready for instant use, and only fourteen officers capable of fly ing, while practically every foreign na tlofa completely and overwhelmingly outclasses this country in the size of Its aerial fleet. t Individual efforts of the aviators were directed mainly during the last twelve months to the perfection of wireless telegraphy from flying aero planes. Splendid success was met with, messages being flashed as far as fifteen miles from biplanes moving as fast as sixty miles an hour. The avia tors also were successful in directing the fire of the artillery at Fort Riley, Kan., at a hidden target from ma chines while at altitudes of 2,000 feet or more, by using the wireless. The army paid a great toll, how ever. in the death of tw r o lieutenants and one enlisted man, killed at Col lege Park. Md., during the summer. They were Lieutenant Leighton W. Hazlehurst, Jr., Lieutenant Louis C. Rockwell and Corporal Frank Scott. Something He Had Seen. A teacher was taking a class of small children in English grammar and was explaining the difference be tween a common and abstract noun. “An example of a common noun is dog,” she said; “for you can see it, while you cannot see anything that is an abstract noun. “For instance, have any of you seen abundance?” There was silence for about a minute. Then a little boy got up and said: , “Pljease, ma’am, I have never seen a bun dance, but I have seen a cake walk.”—Weekly Telegraph. Little Arithmetic Problem. If twelve persons were to agree to dine together every day, but never sit exactly in the same order around the table, it would take them 13,000.000 years at the rate of one dinner a day, and they would have to eat more than 479 million dinners before they could get through all the possible arrange ments in which they could place them selves. Dally Thought. “Every human soul has celestial en ergy which can attract power.” Determined that the plan of the Panama canal fortifications shall not become the prop- Photographs of erty of possible Canal Barred, military adverse rles. Colonel Qoe thala, chairman of the canal commis sion, has restored the order excluding photographers from the vicinity of the works going up at Toro Point. Margue rlta island and the islands in Panama bay. In executing the order the chief of police Is directed to see that no per sons not regularly resident thereat be permitted to come ashore with cam eras at the places named. Photo graphs may be made in the vicinity of the works only upon written order from Colonel Goethals in each particu lar case. “Floating islands” are the latest phenomena to appear as the Panama canal approaches completion. The term Is used to describe masses of vegetation and earth loosened from the bottom of Gatun lake by the rising water and blown about the surface by changing winds. These islands vir tually are sections of the floor of the swamp that have been overrun by the w'ater backed up in the Chagres valley by the Gatun dam. With the clay and leaves are sticks and other buoy ant matter, the whole covered with luxuriant lush grass. The islands are at times so thick that a launch cannot make its way through them, although they are not an obstacle or inconvenience to steam ships. The launch Balboa is at pres ent busy towing them to the spillway, where they float over the dam. No trouble is expected after the sluice gates are installed, as the aperture be tween the piers on th dam crest will be 45 feet. When Secretary Charles D. Hilles opened the White House mail the oth er day he gasp- Says She Posed ed with astonish- As Another. meat on reading a frank and free confession from a Washington woman that she had “broken into” the Whit© House receptions for years under false colors. Mr. Hilles would not disclose the identity of the writer, whose in geniousness, he acknowledged, com manded his admiration. The letter read: “I have been attending the White House receptions for years, but 1 am tired of using another person’s ticket. Will you please send me one for the next reception in my own name?” The coveted cards admitting guests to the White House.on the occasion of the four big affairs of the winter are much sought after, and especially so this season, since President-elect Wilson has intimated the receptions would be abandoned during his admin istration. Every description of sub terfuge is resorted to in an effort to obtain invitations which, since the top heavy lists were cut down, have been scarcer than ever before. This particular appeal, however, was the most unusual that has yet passed under Secretary Hilles’ notice. No in formation was forthcoming as to whether it would be successful. When you talk of fish, the eyes of George M. Bowers, fish commissioner at Washington.be- Fish Fry and gin to glisten. He Distribution. can tell > ou wl *?- out a moment s hesitation the status of the nation’s fish family. One of the events of 1912 as recorded in the office of the fish commissioner, was the salmon catch on the Pacific coast, the largest in ten years. That shows how the fish habit is growing in the far west. The fish catch in the east is also increasing year by year. The output for 15 years past, amounting to $3,687,921,057, and the cost of producing young salmon in these 15 years has been reduced from $468 to $122 per million. When you talk about the output of } r oung fish by the fish commission, runs well into the quadrillions, quintillions and the figures and ciphers are in great demand when computing Uncle Sam’s fish-hatching operations. Perhaps the plethora of ciphers, required for fish hatching estimates is responsible for the proneness to exaggerate when a simple fish story is told. Statistics for livestock products for New York are presented in a bulletin just issued bv the Many Dairy Cows census bureau of In NfiW York the department of commerce and la bor and prepared under the supervi sion of John Lee Coulter, expert spe cial agent for agriculture. The re turns for livestock products obtained in the census of 1910 relate to the ac tivities of the calendar year 1909. The number of farms in New York reporting dairy cows on April 15, 1910, was 184,024, but only 168,408 reported dairy products in 1909. The number of farms which made any report of milk produced in 1909 was 132,204, and the number of dairy cows on such farms on April 15, 1910, was 1,151,000. Bay State Marksmen Excel. The artillery marksmen of the Mas sachusetts National Guard won the 12- ineh rifle target practice over all state militia organizations during 1912, according to reports just compiled by the militia division of the war de partment. Connecticut militiamen took first place with the 10-inch rifle, while the Florida and New York National Guard organizations, respectively, led In the 8 and 6-inch rifle practice. Sure of Himself. “Smoking again? I thought you’d cut It out.” “Well, you see, when I’ve convinced myself that I can cut it out -whenever I want T start smoking again.”—Har vard Lampoon. Lawful to Call Man an Ass. It is lawful in Switzerland to call a man an ass either In anger of other wise, according to a decision of the cantonal tribunal at Zurich. The court declined to award damages In a suit arising out of a quarrel be tween two prominent citizens. Putting a Caress Into Words. The thought that prompted and was conveyed in a caress would only lose to be set down in words—ay, al though Shakespeare himself should b the scribe.—Robert Louis Stevenson. Undter th© Midnight Sun NATIVE. GRLLNLANDLR.S WIEN the news was sent broadcast that Captain Mik elsen, the Danish Arctic ad venturer, with the engineer Seversen as companion, both of whom started to cross Greenland in the summer of 1910, had arrived at Aalesund, the world in general hail ed the adventurers with wonder, rath er than amazement, for, as matter of fact, even the most Intelligent of average readers know precious little about Greenland. Difficult of access, particularly from America, the trav eler sees but little promise in the voyage, and even where he does fit out for the no-man’s land, as one might dub it. he is not at all certain of reaching his goal. Mikelsen and Seversen, it will be remembered, formed part of an ex pedition organized in 1909 to discover the depot left by Mylius Erlchseu. who, with two companions, perished in Greenland in the previous year. On the completion of their original object the two started to cross Green land. They reached Denmark Firth on May 20, 1910, where they found records left by Erichsen. Nine days later they began their return Journey, and on this they encountered terri ble hardships. Several of the dogs died and the explorers were com pelled to shoot those that remained for food. The party reached Shan non Island, opposite King William Land, on November 29. and remained there throughout the winter and the following summer, hoping to be pick ed up by a whaler. No vessels came and they proceeded to Shamrock island, where they spent the follow ing winter. In the spring of 1912 they endeavored to make a sledge Journey to Cape Dalton, but had to give it up owing to weakness. They had abandoned all hope of rescue, when they were picked up by a Nor wegian fishing vessel, on July 17 last, and brought to Aalesund. Thence they leave for Copenhagen. Danish Expedition Found Naught. The Danish relief expedition of 1911 returned last summer and all the West Greenland ships came back without information of Captain Mikelsen. Hope for his safety had. therefore, been practically abandon ed In that connection it Is interesting to note the experience of an Intrepid hunter explorer of Cincinnati Max Fleischraan, the multi-millionaire yeast manufacturer. In an attempt to reach Greenland a very few years ago. Fleischrnan had chartered a ship of his own, and everything that money could provide was at hand for the attempt. Rut. even so, the coast of Greenland repelled, and though they came within sight they were forced, eventually, to turn back without landing. As Fleischrnan tells this part the story of his cruise is as follows; “We had reached far enough into the ice pack by July 20 to note the absence of the mud-colored bergs abounding on its outskirts. Floes increased In area and the former flat surfaces of these gave place to tumbled masses and rather thin, irregular snow blocks. The latter, heaped one on another, rose to heights of from 20 to 50 feet. “The temperature was below 1 freez ing and the ice stood thick on the rigging, crystal fringes of icicles hanging from the edges of the floes, adding other touches to the scene. “Bear hunting was the great pas time at this stage of the voyage. At 7 in the morning, it is remembered, the mate sighted a big bear walking fiver some heavy ice to starboard, and shambling easily along to the The Truth, at Last. At a Republican round-up banquet held recently L. E. Miner, editor of the Springfield (HI.) Journal, said that a certain town which had just started a cemetery w T as in a quan- i dary as to what motto to p f lace over a handsome, newly constructed arch at the entrance. No one could think of anything appropriate, so it was decided to go and consult a resource ful Irishman in the community. “Here, Pat,” explained the commit- i tee, “we will leave this matter in your hands." Pat spent several days In study and one day came to the committee to in form them that the right idea had come to him. He took the committee out to the cemetery and pointed up at the arch, w’here the words were paint ed In huge letters: “We’re here to stay, be Gorra?" Poetic Tribute to the Flonzaleys, The following tribute to the Flonza ley Quartet was written by August Spanuth. editor of the Berlin Signal©: “What further praise can one give the Flonzaleys? Who is not already edge of the floe, where he plunged Into the water for a morning dip. “The first shot hit him," Fleisch man says, “as he was leaving the w* ter. about 50 yards from the ship. This as well as the next struck him In the shoulder. He whirled about and then ran rapidly over the ice, followed by several shots, all of which hit him and knocked him down, but he recovered each time and ran on. Mr. Lohrmonih. at a range of about 300 yards, finally laid him low. but still did not kill The boat put off at once and we had a rough tramp over the floes, climbing hum mocks and Jumping across the water ways, to come within close range. The bear was on his haunches, un able to rise, but moving his head about viciously until 1 sent, a finish ing shot Into his neck. The bear dog was let loose as soon as the boat touched the ice; ho took up the trail promptly, and ran around the bear, barking excitedly, as If to make sure of guarding him until the hunters came up. The bear was a big male, measuring 8 feet 3 Inches and stand ing 3 feet 8 inches at the shoulder. He weighed approximately 1,100 pounds. He was nensed where he lay. for the carcass was too heavy to he brought over the ice to the boat. “Another phase of life here is seal hunting. One seal was shot in the water and floated until reached by the boat. Experts claim that if a seal be shot. Just as he is inhaling, the In flation of the lungs will cause him to float. The opposite holds true where the shot comes at the time of ex halation. Others would have It that whether a carcass sink or float de pends on the amount of its fat sup ply. Opinions are very divided as to the point. “The 21st gave the Laura little headway, a dense ice pack sending the boat to southwest, and forcing her to beat about all day, looking for openings, while the wind jammed the Ice. “July 22, by way of contrast, was an exceptional day for these lati tudes. With a clear view from tho crow’s nest above, we followed prom ising leads In the heavy ice toward open waters, whose presence was shown from afar by the water sky above. When light falls on a field of pack-ice, it is explained, it is reflect ed in the stratum of air above it, and this span of light, called the ice blink, Just above tho horizon, warns the navigator of the impossibility of penetrating farther. Water spaces, on the other hand, show their pres ence by dark spots on the horizon, produced by the formation of clonda from ascending mists. These make the so-called water-sky. and faithfully indicate the leads beneath them. “Such leads through the ice end ing In snares, we sailed south-south east all day, in discouraging attempts. Not even a couple of small seals sufficed to raise onr spirits, though shooting seals from aboard ship Is filled with spice. The hunter con ceals himself in the bow, his gun pointed ahead and Just enough of his head showing to allow his taking sight. The ship Is pointed for the floe where the seals are lying and drifts toward the Ice where they may be. “On the 24th, the sun coming out of the fog sufficiently to permit observa tions, we found ourselves 150 miles south of our route. Then, its doleful message given, the fog closed in once more. The barrier of ice in the sea. the fog, the leads that led but (o a wall of Ice, would not permit, and the expedition, whose cost is known to Its Inceptor alone, turned back, with only a glimpse 'cross the ice at the lone, forbidden land of the north." familiar with the aristocratic beauty of their interpretations? Who has not been charmed by magic of their tone? Who has not marveled at the ‘oneness’ of these four individ uals? Their playing might be com pared t,o a resplendent crystal, la which all rays of musical light are re vealed One might easily turn poet over them.” Makes Car Visible for Distance. A self-illuminating car paint has been devised by which It is possible to see a motor car at q distance of a mile. Cheerfulness. The most manifest sign of wisdom is continued cheerfluiness. Mon taigne. After a city boarder has spent the summer in the country he is apt to be lieve that the original gold brick fac tory is located out of town. Some people remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy, and let tlxa othei six take care of themselves.