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2A.RADFORD TJ Mr. William A. Radford will answer questions and give advice FREE OF COST on all subjects pertaining to the subject of building, for the readers of this paper. On account of his wide experience as Editor, Author and Manufacturer, he Is, without doubt, the highest authority on all these subjects. Address all Inquiries to 'William A. Radford, No. 178 West Jackson boulevard, Chicago. 111., and only enclose two-tent stamp for reply. Some of the best houses la the lake shore suburbs north of Chicago are built after this plan. Sometimes the large bedroom upstairs Is divided to make two rooms and occasionally other minor changes are made, but this arrangement of rooms usually is rather closely adhered to in houses of this style and size. There is a hall in the center wide enough for a handsome open stair, but. in this particular house you go upstairs backwards, that is, you go to the rear end of the hall and start up towards the front Instead of going up from front to rear, as in the ordinary house. This brings the turn and the landing in the front end of the upper hall where a certain floor space may be utilized to advantage that is usual ly a puzzle to an architect. You all know of houses where the headroom over the front stair Is completely wasted, sometimes worse than wast ed because it is impossible to dress it up to look right. For that reason this backward front stair is an im provement. There also is an advantage in plac ing the big chimney at the rear of the hall. When the days are cold and dreary you get a nice bright cheerful glow from the grate fire emanating from* what would otherwise be the darkest corner in the house, and this arrangement leaves the large living room free for the most artistic dis play of furniture. Such a fire place corner may be made into a very artis tic lounging place and it offers a splendid wall space fo/ a rather large set of book cases. An dher advantage in putting the chimm y well back Is that you get the kite len flue just where you want It, ami the one chim ney is sufficient for thu heating plant, for the grate and fol cooking pur poses. In selecting a wide liouse plan of this kind you must havl a lot with at least fifty feet frontage.! I have lately seen several mistakes \ where such houses have been built ion narrower lots. The owners have not only spoil ed their own property but have fn f Jured their neighbors. 1 would em phatically say if you haven’t fifty feet of ground select a narrower house and get the necessary room by ex tending it further back. Where con ditions are right, however, for a house of this kind it Is almost certain to prove satisfactory It is a good-sized house, being 35 feet wide by 27 fet deep, and by this arrangement you get the floor space divided up Into large rooms instead of having smaller rooms and more of them. In addition to the other ad vantages you get a very cozy dining room, pantry and kitchen connected as L* KITCVULAf k 11 ESB I y PIKIMGS7WI ;! Jj I ' Itcxitw I / ■■■ i Cntky First Floor Plan, they should be by way of the pantry, fitted with one swinging door and one solid door that will shut tight when occasion requires it. The cellar stair goes down from the kitchen and is en tirely separate and shut away from the main hall, a feature that a good many people particularly like The wide extension windows built out from the living room and dining room are new r architectural features that have taken well with the public generally. There are different sty’es that vary somewhat in the size and shape of the sash, lights of glass and the height and width of the recess, but they generally conform to this design rather closely. Sometimes the sash are fitted solid in the frames so they cannot be opened. That Is w hen a window seat Is fitted under the win dow and the object is to prevent draft. And, by the way. if you want real comfort while reclining on the seat in this living room, in full view of the open fire, you must pay atten tion to the building of the box that forms the extension. Ton moat su perintend the outside boarding and the fitting of the building paper over the corners and around the Joints at the edges of the window' frames; and you must call to see the mason when he gets ready to do the plastering. It Is not a cheap house to build be cause, although it looks plain it will take considerable material and it re- Trrr> !?OCV<s .bW- I I “-■1 I Ram- A CedUoqw I •—I OecEoq/a ~ y*~*r ; T * • • | I • • • L * - .4 Second Floor Plan. quires everything of the best. A house of this size and shape built by un skilled hands is likely to look like a barn w'hen finished. On the other hand w'hen built by experts unham pered by inadequate appropriations it will be an ornament to the street and a credit to its owner. IS THE AGE OF “SOCIETIES” For Every Purpose Under Heaven People Have Banded Themselves Together. Who can deny that this is pre-emi nently the age of combinations and “societies?” There is a society, with a capital S, for every purpose under the heaven. Yes, verily, a society to kill and a society to heal, a society to mourn and a society to dance, a so ciety for war and a society for peace, a society for noise and a society for the suppression of noise, a society for 'giving and, at last, a society for the preventing of giving. Is it not almost time to. pause in our mad career of organization and to ask ourselves: What next? Whither and wherefore? Forsooth, can we not suppress superfluous noises without making so much noise about it? And is it absolutely necessary to pay use less dues in order to prevent useless giving? Fellow-sufferers, let us be up and do ing! There Is but one wmy out of this intolerable situation. Perhaps you have guessed it already. Let us or ganize one more society. This is to be the greatest, most far-reaching, and final achievement of this age of mar velous achievements. Let ns form a society for the prevention and sup pression of useless Henceforth let Spasus be the great battle cry of humanity! Then shall we live happily forever after. Selah! Knew Where to Go. The schoolmaster wanted to know whether the boys had an understand ing of the functions o? a British consu late. “Supposing,” he began, framing his question on the likeliest way to ‘arouse the interest of his hearers, “supposing someone took you up in an aeroplane, and after a long, excit ing flight dropped you down thous ands of miles from home in a coun try quite foreign, what place would you seek out first of all?” An eager hand was instantly up lifted. “Well, Willie, what do you say?” “Please, sir, the hospital.”—Weekly Telegraph. Mercenary Husband. A society affair was to be.given in which private theatricals were the most interesting feature. Mrs Van Clews, a stage-struck young society woman, was to appear and was. in consequence, very thusiastic over the affair "Do you know, Wilfred.” she said to her husband. “I scarcely know’ what to do The part lam to take calls for me to appear in tights, and I don\ like the idea of doing it. What do you suppose people will say?” Wilfred gazed at his wife’s figure in silence for a moment, and then said: "They will all say that 1 married you for your money.” —Exchange. Sea Paradox. “There is one queer thing about a vessel.” “Whafs that?” “When she’s tied up she can’t make knots.” His Business. ; “It Is a wonder that photographers ever succeed In business.” “Why is It a wonder?” “Because they take everybody wh comes along at hlv face v*’ue ” ADOBE MAKES GOOD-BURDINS MATERIA! I R | Trimming Edge of Adobe Wall With Hay Knife. In the drier regions where building materials are scarce or costly an adobe house can be built cheaply and yet be permanent, attractive and com fortable as it is possible to build a house. They do not settle after they are dry. Mice do not work in them if they are protected at the foundation. They are superior to concrete or cement block houses in that they are non-conductors of heat and cold. They never sweat or become frosty on the inside, and rain does not wet the walls through as it does in many con crete houses. ' In planning a building of this kind, we should consider the kind of root to be used and make the dimensions such that it may be covered with the least possible waste of material. The di mensions being decided upon, stake out the foundation carefully. If con crete foundation is to, be used it will be necessary to make forms for the foundation. Then set good straight posts in each corner and at intervals of 14 or 16 feet on the inside of the wall. Line and plumb these posts very carefully. Good straight two by four posts are all right. Plow a thin sod from prairie when grass is thick and tall. Spread this in a circle not more than 12 or 14 feet in diameter, and if possible near your DEVICE FOR GINNING PLANTS Movable Floor Provided for Each Opening for Preventing Entrance of Cotton When Desired. The Scientific American in describ ing an automatic suction distributer for ginning plants, invented by B. ; Reed of Mansville, Okla., says: The invention provides a suction pipe having a pair of passageways. Each of these is adapted to have a plurality of openings in the bottom through which the cotton is dis charged. A baffling screen is adjacent each opening and is movably mounted so that the same may be moved into the path of movement of the cotton for directing it to any opening. A , 'r*\ V. I I 3xl^J Automatic Suction Distribution for Ginning Plants. movable floor is provided for each opening for preventing entrance of cotton under certain circumstances | The openings are in pairs and open ! into chutes which merge into a single discharge pipe, to which is connected a gin whereby when cotton is fed to either of a single pair of openings the gin is receiving cotton. A longitudinal vertical section through the invention is shown in the engraving. ! VALUE OF THE HARDY MULE Southern States Mainly Dependent on Animals for Work Stock —Texas Holds the Lead. The mule business in the United States has an importance few men realize. The south is mainly depend ent upon mules for work stock. Ac cording to the 1910 census Texas led the number of mules on farms with 672,781, while Missouri had 342,086; Georgia, 294,720; Tennessee. 275,000, and Mi. sissippi, 254,125. Texas mules were valued at a total of J 73.780.676; Georgia. $43,872,651, and Missouri. $43,362,102. The highest average price reported for mature mules was $208.25 In Maine, which had only 342 head. Several other North Atlantic states which had only a few mules also had an average valuation above $l5O per head. Among the states with large numbers of mature mules. South Caro lina has an average value of $153 64; Georgia. $149.45; Missouri, $141.89; Kansas, $139.69; Tennessee, $135.51, and Illinois, $135.01. The average val uation of mature mules for the whole United States was $131.54, while the total number of mules and colts was 4,183,572, with a total value of $552.- 402,080. Breaking Up Bad Habit. For hens that have learned to eat their own eggs a shell filled with mustard, aloes or red pepper will help to break up the unfortunate habit. Small Fruits Neglected. There are thousands of localities in this country where no one is paying any attention to small fruit growing and where strawbe; ries, grapes. :ur rants and such fruits might be gro vn with profit: Keep Out Wseds.- Keep the strawberry pjitch fnee from weeds, especially the perennials, such as plantain _ ■’ water supply. Make the pile about eight Inches deep and wet thoroughly. Reduce this to muck by thorough mix ing. When the mass is of such con sistency that It can be applied with and a manure fork, put it on the walls, dropping with sufficient force to make it settle together in a solid mass. Make as thick a layer as possible without spreading out too far, but let ting it extend an inch or two beyond the wall on each side, as it shrinks when dry. When the layer Is 12 inches thick let it stand until firm but not dry. Select a board wMth straight edges and as wide as the wall. Lay the board on the top of the wall with one edge against the posts and trim straight down each edge with a hay knife. When the walla are trimmed all around they are ready for an other layer of mud. Trim the openings for doors and windows and fit frames into them as soon as the walls are as high as the frames are to be. The walls will shrink in drying, leaving a crack around the frames which may be plastered up with a trowel. Place anchor bolts in the walls when build ing, to which to fasten the roof. If adobe roof is used these will not be necessary. The roof should be leak proof to prevent water running down the walls and softening them. PREPARE FOR SPRING CHICKS Everything Should Be in ReaJiness for Little Fellows Before They Begin to Appear. It will soon be hatching time again, and everything should be ready for the little fellows before they begin to appear. After they begin hatch ing there will be enough to do with out having to stop to fix up coops, brooders, feeding hoppers or other conveniences. Make some definite plan for the care of the young flock, and then work toward it. If artificial hatch ing and brooding is to be the method employed, see that the incubators are thoroughly gone over and cleaned; test the thermometer, even if it was used last season; fix up a rack for the egg-tester, and provide storage boxes for the eggs intended for setting, so that they may be turned every day. See that there is a shelf or table where the traps of eggs may be set for cooling, and that the incubator lamp runs prop erly. Clean and disinfect the brooders thoroughly. Scrub with hot soap suds wherever possible, and sprinkle premises and brooder coops with a solution of carbolic acid Whitewash woodwork, see that the runs are ready, and that all broken or worn parts of coops and appurtenances are replaced. With everything in order, the work of caring for the chick crop is lessened to a great degree. It Is never a dread to begin work, as it sometimes is where there are no con veniences ready, and one is more like ly to get a good, early start. MULE IS BECOMING POPULAR Draft Animal In Demand on Thor oughfares of Big Cities—Colts Must Have Good Attention. If you breed the horses to strone vigorous sires, that is the offspring you may expect; if you breed to the other sort, you may expect “some other sort” of an offspring. While crushed corn and cob meal is an excellent ration for the horses, it is apt to produce gastric colic, un less something else is fed along with it. such as oats, bran or oilmeal. to act as a laxative for the cob fiber.' which Is a trifle difficult to digest. The Missouri mule is becoming a popular draft animal on the thor oughfares of the large cities He is tough, eats less than a horse of the same weight, and sells for around 1300. Handle the colts as much as possi ble during the winter, and as careful ly The most marked feature of the horse’s intellieence is its memory and the handling given the colt hi early life will always be remembered and if it has been of the right sort will aid in the “breaking ** Unwarranted Loss. Unsanitary conditions about the hos pens cause an unwarranted loss o' pigs in infancy College For Ooys. If the bov wants to attend the agri cultural college, and ycu can afford it don’t make the mistake of keepmf him away The day will come whet you will be sorry ——_\ Fat Causes Trouble * Sows will groir sluggish and lazy 1 allowed to grow too fat, and this coo ditton will work havoc at farrcwln* time tee-®:™ 9 * -r- *<V • -m - -f 2 t- * Edna* Wilbur's Startling* Discov ery; New and Fashionably Dressed Admirer a Burglar. By WALTER J. DELANEY. 2udna Wilbur never iooked prettier in her life than upon the day when the I “Industrial Exchange" opened at Mil | vllle. Imagine an old-fashioned double j store made over into a modern em porium of trade, permanent counters and gaily decorated booths all about it. Add an airy dancing room over head and you have a mere idea of ; w T hat the Village Young Ladies’ club | had done for the factory hands down the river and the families of farmers all over the county. The original idea of this progressive move for the social and business bet- I terment of the district had been born ! in the busy little brain of the belle of j the town. Edna and her girl friends i had got rich old Jabez Hull to fix up i the ancient building. Her club had I set everybody at fancy w r ork. The vil lage merchants had donated some of their goods liberally, even the farmers had subscribed handsomely. The place was to hold a sort of permanent fair every Saturday. Admission was free; all the articles carried were for sale or exchange. It was hoped to encour age the poor mill girls in needlework, and give to all cheap household knicknacks at cost price. Then there was to be a band, a sup per, a clean, instructive picture show, and dancing. The social and economic features of the enterprise appealed to everybody, and now, just before dusk, a great throng crowded the busy street in front of the Exchange. It was a pretty sight. The doors of the place were crossed and re crossed with white ribbon. In the center of these, just over the knob of the door, was a great vari-colored | rosette. All life, animation and beauty, Edna stood at the threshold. ; The mayor of the town, in evening j dress, lifted his glossy silk hat, first to her and then to the crowd. In a neat little speech he welcomed his The Edge of the Sash Imprisoned His Neck. j ! townsmen to the Exchange. Then he drew a pair of silver scissors from his coat pocket. Edna took them, placed them across the ribbons, and snipped I them in twain. _ They floated like streamers in tlfk gay breeze, and, | pressing in the doors, the mayor pro i claimed loudly: j “The Exchange is open —welcome.” | A fashionable dressed young man pressed his way through the throng, about the first of those to enter the Exchange. He was at Edna’s side as she passed into the cashiers boot .• “The sw r eetest of all flowers for the belle of the occasion,” he said im pressively. Edna received the bouquet of redo lent lilies of the valley with a happy smile and secured them at her cor sage. “A handsome couple —look as if tney were mated for one another,” said an observant visitor to his com panion. “Who is he? Stranger, I see.” "Yes,” was the reply. "Been here only a few days. Chicago stock brok r, they say, taking a little vaca tion. Calls himself Eugene Allen.” “Rich, I suppose?” “Pretends to be. Acts a pretty active figure —automobiles and all that. Taken quite a shine to Miss Wilbur.” Edna w*as very busy, as were all her assistants for the next hour. There was a great throng, and the affair was certainly a wonderful suc cors. More than once Edna stole a hurried, disappointed look about the room. “Why did Robert not come?” she asked herself, and her rosebud lips j pouted slightly. She had been flat j tered at the graceful attentions of A Ren, but why had not Robert Dean been on hand, as she had anticipated, as she had a right to expect? They were lovers, almost engaged. They were neighbors, their homes near together. Mary Dean was Edna’s closest friend. And then as Edna at last saw Robert enter the room, a 1 handsome brunette, a stranger to her. on his arm, her face drew down and she turned her back deliberately up on Robert as he smiled at her. Purposely she evaded him after that. When the band struck up and the danplng began upstairs, she al lowed tho handsome stranger, Mr. Allen, to take most of the dances on her card. “I want to introduce somebody to you. Edna,” Robv'vt. managed to say to ber in a crush at the supper. “Some other time,” retorted Edna l?ttif.nly, and when the dance was over she again evaded Robert, seeking for her with a hurt, mystified look on his face. Edna allowed Mr. Allen to see her home and to carry the handbag con taining the proceeds of the sales. She listened to. his handsome coan pliments, and spitefully compared his elegant ways with those of the plain hnt honest Robert. Whefi she fot home, however, and reached her room, she sat down with a sigh and a dull pain at her heart. Her parents were away visiting a relative in another town. Only deaf old Aunt Jane was in the house. The place seemed dreadfully silent and lonesome. It was the more so. be cause of the sentiment that she and Robert had become estranged. Be fore she knew it, seated in a comfort able arm chair, Edna was asleep. She woke to the echoes of some thing falling, a human groan. The light was still burning in the room. With a low cry Edna sprang to tat feet. A startling picture was revealed to her. The window overlooking the porch roof was partly open, and held so by a masked man. The edge of the sash imprisoned his neck. One arm was reached through, striving to reach a pistol that had fallen from his hand and rolled over near the dresser. In a flash Edna realized that the in truder was a burglar, who had opened the window to have it fall upon and imprison him. Upon a table lay the handbag and her diamond sunburst pin. There, too, were the silver scis sors. The man was struggling to force up the sash. Edna summoned up all her courage. She darted to the table, seized the scissors and ran at the intruder. “If you move,’* she cried in a tremu lous but brave voice, “I will stick you with the scissors!" What should she do? She dared not leave the room —the burglar might release himself. Her eyes fell upon a toy telephone apparatus near another window and an electric but ton near it. It ran over the trees to the Dean home. Robert had rigged it up to enable his sister and his love to haik each other when they liked. The button operated a wire electrical ly charged, and ringing bells at either end of the line. Soon there was a response. The bell rang in the room. “Mary! Mary!” gasped Edna, “rouse somebody, send over at once. There is a burglar here!” Inside of five minutes Robert Dean, his sister, their brunette visitor and a hired man hailed Edna from the gar den. She called to them to force a way into the house. The burglar was unmasked —behold Mr. Eugene Allen! “Oh. Robert! Robert!" sobbed the repentant Edna, when the elegant stranger was safe in the town jail and her lover had explained that the dark brunette was his cousin. “Can you ever forgive me?" “I can always love you," replied Robert staunchly, “and that should answer every question.” (Copyright, 1913, by W. G. Chapman.) PRESCRIBED DRESS OF BRIDE Color of Costume Worn Has Had Its Significance From the Most Ancient Times. Until the eighteenth century, from earliest Saxon times, the bride of the poorer folk came to the wedding wearing a plain white robe. This was a warning to the public that, since she brought nothing to the mar riage, her husband was not responsi ble for her debts. Ac the beginning of the eighteenth century brides be gan to introduce touches of color into their costumes. Blue was for con stancy and green for youth. Yellow was never worn, as it stood for jeal ousy. while golden also was shunned, as it meant avarice. Although the ancient Roman and Hebrew brides wore yellow veils and the early Christians of southern Eu rope enveloped both man and wl'e in one large cloth, It was not until Shakespeare’s time that veils for brides appeared in England. Prior to that time the custom had been for the bride to go to her wedding with her hair hanging loose as a sign of freedom. Immediately, however, upon entering her new home she bound up her hair. This was a sign of submis sion. Husband's Presence of Mind. Judge M. L. McKinley was talking about presence of mind at the State’s Attorneys’ association banquet. “Two West siders,” he said, “were riding on a street car with their wives one day when there was an accident. None of the party was hurt. A few days later one of the men learned that the other had just settled with the street railway company for $1,500 for injuries to his wife. He went around to see him. “‘When was your wife-hurt?' he asked. “That day we were In the street car accident together,’ was the reply. “ ‘Why, she wasn’t hurt. She wasn’t even scratched. I saw her walk home with you.’ “‘I know,’ replied the other, ‘but when I got her home I had the pres ence of mind to put my foot in her face.’ ’’ —Chicago Tribune. Title of Pope. It is uncertain when the title pope was first used. The earliest instance we can cite, is that of Heraclius. Pa triarch of Alexandria, in 222. It is still the ordinary title of parish priests in the eastern Greek church, in the west, it continued for several centuries to be applied to bishops gen erally, but it was restricted to the Roman pontiff by Gregory VII. In a synod, held at Rome in 1073. Today. Today is your day and mine, the only day we have, the day in which w-e r lay our part. What our part may signify in the great whole, we may not understand; but th's we know — it is a part of action, nor of whining: of love, not of synicism. It is for us to express love in terms of human helpfulness. —David Starr Jordan. The Boy and the Man. The boy who solves his problem by getting someone else to give him the answer is likely when he grows up to feel sure that he could win great success if he only had some other man’s chance. t Sur?rlc4 Them. Turkish Gcier^l —Did you surprise the enemy? Colonel —Yes; they and dn’t expect tc see us run. H W REAMING is a bad habit by JWLJr night and a ruinous one after sunrise. r _ Many a brave possibility slips out of reach of the hand while the brain ie busy with castles In the air. SOME COMPANY DISHES- The following is a wedding cake which makes two loaves, each weigh ing five pounds: A pound each of butter, sugar and flour, twelve eggs, two and a half pounds of currants, the same of raisins, three-fourths of a pound of citron, a teaspoonful of soda, half a teaspoon of cloves, a teaspoon ful of cinnamon, half a teaspoonful of mace, a fourth of a pound of candied lemon peel, chopped fine, a fourth of a pound of blanched almonds, chopped fine, one nutmeg grated. Bake in two loaves two and a half hours. Nut Cakes. —A Cup of sugar, a cup of shortening, four tahlespoonfuls of sour milk, two level teaspoonfuls of soda dissolved in the milk, two eggs, spice to taste. Cinnamon and cloves are good. A cup each of nuts and raisins chopped, and flour to make a mixture to drop. Drop on buttered tins and bake in a moderate oven Chili Con Carni.—Boil a pound of small red chili beans until tender Just before the beans are soft enough, add one onion and a clow of garlic chopped fine; there should be about three pints of water in the beans. Add a can of chili powder or a few stewed red peppers chopped, and a icaspoon ful of salt. Chop a pound of suet: let it cook until all the fat is extracted, pick out the scraps and add a pound and a half of uncooked hamburger steak. Stir constantly for a few minutes then add the beans, and cook slowly in an earthen dish several hours. Cabbage Salad.— A very siir.pl- and yet very popular salad is prepared by shredding a solid head of cabbage very fine. Let stand in cold water un til crisp, then drain and mix with thick sweet cream, a little sugar, salt and vinegar. There is a dainty dish which may be prepared from chestnuts which is both nourishing and tasty. Shell, blanch and cook until tender a cupful of chestnuts; add them to a rich white sauce, serve on toast or In timbal cases. Apples, dates and nuts, with a boiled dressing, is a good salad combina tion. BEWARE of desperate steps— the darkest day, lave till tomorrow, will have passed away. Cowper. MORE DISHES FOR THE CALORIC COOKER. Chicken Pie. —Cook a chicken in a cup of boiling water in the cooker for five or six hours. When done, remove the hones and cut the meat in small pieces. Add to the gravy a pint of milk and thicken with two tablespoon fuls of butter blended with the same quantity of flour. Season with salt, paprika and a little onion juice. Cov er with a rich biscuit crust and bake in the caloric, using two radiators, hissing hot. Braised Mutton Chops.—Heat tw’O tahlespoonfuls of drippings in a frying pan, and fry a slice or two of onion, celery’ and carrot. Brown the chops quickly on both sides, add a pint of boiling water, and cook one and a half hours, using one radiator. Austrian Fillet. — Found a fillet of beef flat, rub it well with salt on both sides, and spread it out on a meat board, ( hop a fourth of a pound of bacon, three or four boned sardines, mix with pepper, a pinch of ginger and several tahlespoonfuls of bread crumbs. Spread this dressing on the xaeat and roll up and tie. Heat some butter or drippings in a frying pan. put in the meat and brown it on all sides. Add five or six tablespoonfuls of thick sour cream and keep it a few minutes longer over the fire. Cook g.n hour or two in the caloric, using two radiators. Nut Bread.—Sift together two cups of flour, two teaspoonfuls cf baking powder ond a teaspoonful of salt. Add a cup cf milk, two tahlespoonfuls of sugar, an egg well beaten and half a cup of nutmeats. Place the dough in a pan and let it stand half an hour Bake one hour, using two radiators. Sour Milk Cake. —Add to two beat en eggs a cup of sugar, a cup of sour cream, a teaspoonful of soda and one and a half cups of flour, a teaspoon of baking powder. Flavor with vanilla and bake forty-five minutes, using two radiators. Bracelets Worn by the Insone. Bracelets have been worn from time immemorial, but few' wearers of the golden bands of the present day know that they were once used to distin guish the insane. Before lunatics were confined to asylums they wore an armlet for distinction. Fletchcrizing a Fortune. A St. Louis man made $64,000 as a ragpicker. Lots of men have made more than that out of rags—chewing them on the lecture platform.—Mil waukee Sentinel. To Sweeten Butter. When butter has become rancid try this method of sweetening it: Melt the butter, skim it. then place a piece of light brown toast in it and in a few minutes the toast will have absorbed the unpleasant taste and smell. Air Purified. The air of a cellar or any dark store room can be kept sweet by hanging lumps of charcoal in net bags. Every 'ew weeks the charcoal should be '-ken ouL made very hot anc return* and *o baes.