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Rapid v PROGRESS | I JT ___ > SINCE last October, when the quick mobilization and success ful advance of the Balkan armies against their common enemy, Turkey, astonished the world, there has everywhere been sur prise over the remarkable progress made in the past few years by Bul garia, the plucky leader and brains of the four-state federation. Even to citizens of the United States, w r here political development has been rapid, the radical change in a single gen eration, from Turkish serfdom to prac tically one of the most progressive and purely democratic governments known to history, is bewildering. But back of this free government is the liberty-loving and justice-demanding spirit of the great majority of the 5.- 000,000 people, most unlooked-for in Its high ideals and broad principles, after live centuries of the most cruel and degrading subjection at the hands of the rapacious Turk. It is one of the marvels of our time, that In practically 30 years those who formerly knew no form of freedom, should plan and make possible, univer sal male suffrage, splendidly equipped popular education, for both boys and girls; one of the best penal systems extant, with probation for first offend ers, Indeterminate sentence and par ole provisions; and quite unusual “so CHAMBER* DEPUTIES, SOFIA cial legislation." Laws coming under this latter division. Include govern ment insurance against accident and sickness for all those employed on public works; a similar compulsory insurance for all other laborers under corporation or private employ; the forbidding of the employment of wom en and girls in any and all trades or forms of business which would tend to injure their health or morals; child life and development carefully guard ed, no form of child Industrial labor being allowed, and factory’ hygiene and safety device laws on all manu facturing machines, fully enforced Trusts Uncle Sam. When one realizes that Bulgaria, about the shape and size of the state of Pennsylvania, is as yet essentially an agricultural country, with 75 per cent, of the people owning and culti vating their own farms, these unusual social laws are most remarkable. But it shows, most clearly, the can 1 ul. long-headed planning for the future, which has characterized the policies and work of the Bulgarian leaders for the past quarter century. That this progress, noticeable under the most auspicious conditions, has been made during disturbed and un settled years, when there was seeming ly no surety for future stability to make the advance still more remark able. For years the geographical, as well as political, buffer between Tur key and the Eurorpean powers, betray ed and belittled alike by open enemy and false friend. Bulgaria looks with suspicion and distrust upon all Euro pean diplomacy and diplomats, but trusts fully the United States. And no one can wonder at this attitude, when he reads back through history’s Long Journey Through Space. Our world’s journey in space Is a long one, if we are to accept the con clusions of Dr. Turner of the univer sity observatory of Oxford, and Prof. H. C. Plummer, royal astronomer of Ireland. Recent astronomical work suggests that the sun and Its planets form a single unit in a vast system, the stars in which, though separated by enormous distances, have a com mon center of gravity, and in response to gravitation all move in unison like a stupendous machine. The paths of these stars, instead of being nearly circular, like those of the planets around the sun, are much like the oscil lations of a pendulum. The calcula tions show that on this elongated course our sun must travel 400,000,000 years before completing a revolution, and that it passed near the center less than a million — perhaps not more than 300,000 —years ago, and is now on the outward stretch. 'Personally we are not wild over the theatrical profession, but we really do admire pretty young acreages who 4oc't act cute. —Dallas News. pagea and sees how many times the long-persecuted country begged for help from her Turkish oppressor, and always in vain. Knowing full well the jealousy and tension between the pow ers, the wily sultans pitted one against the other, and in the meantime, did as they willed with the Bulgarian and Macedonian Christians. Their only help came from this country. When, in 1878, independence, after a fashion, came, the first great task set for itself by the new principality, following the self-governing organiza tion was the full and complete libera tion of their compatriots still under Turkish power. In 1886, eastern Rou melia was incorporated into the Bul garian principality. In direct opposi tion to the ruling of the European dip lomats. This union gave a greatly in creased working force, and while still improving steadily their own condi tions, the people of larger Bulgaria be gan a carefully planned educational scheme, of the most unselfish type, among their own people in Macedonia This drain financially to an already heavily-taxed nation has been a tre mendous one, but so fully has the re sponsibility been felt, not once has there been any cessation of the work. True Patriotism. With this one. all-controlling desire to free all the Balkan region from the deadly Turkish grip, Bulgaria, at great sacrifice of men, treasure and time—• since all her young men in their prime must give at least two years to mili tary service—organized years ago, an army to that end, and drilling under competent leader* was incessant. When, last fall, the time came for the blow to be struck practically every man available for active service was ready and eager to go. The recruiting stations were crowded with the thou sands anxious to go to the front. To the complete surprise of the Turks and the rest of the world there was no hitch in the plan or preparation. A deeper and truer patriotism than is often seen, was back of the readiness of this nation to fight. Stories of past Bulgarian and Macedonian atrocities, so foul and horrible as to be but whis pered with bated breath, had strength ened the purpose and nerved the arm to put forever out of Europe the hated Turk. In considering the rapid progress made by Bulgaria the query naturally arises as to howr this has been accom plished. Racial character, travel, edu cation and contact with other pro gressive nations have each had a part and share in the great result. But those who know most fully the condi tions in the past forty years give large credit to two rather unusual influ ences. One is Robert college, which has trained, almost without exception, the leaders in every phase of national progress. And the other was a weekly paper, the Zornltza, edited by an American missionary. Rev. T. L. By ington, D. D., who, in spite of Turkish opposition and Gi*ek clergy, taught thirty years stirring lessons of the fun damental principles ol national life. Accepting Invitations. A young girl recently remarked that she accepted every invitation which came to her, then picked those she preferred, throwing over the others. Neither courtesy nor consideration justifies such a Naturally one' has preferences. There are certain things one would rather do. A girl should make up her mind what these things are, and ao. cept them before everything else, but she should not play fast and loose with Invitations she does not want- Let her decline them definitely the moment they are presented to her, and she will find she makes fewer enemies, while at the same time she pleases herself. One hears the impulsive girl say, “Oh, that is all very well, but what can one do in this day when people call you on the telephone and fire invitations at you point blank and your mind Is as destitute of excuses as an empty bird cage?" /he best advice for this situation is to learn to think quickly and decline definitely if it is a thing one does not care to do. A WffTWftwr - -u tMiT i.i 1 | waXfi JkWSKL - - - -- 1 ItUlw * ........ .... > - mmttWZi V **■*?’’ Two views showing the Phipps Psychiatric Institute given to the Johns Hopkins hospital of Baltimore by Henry Phipps of New York. The top picture shows a front view of the institute The lower picture shows the rear view’ with the gardens This is the greatest as well as the finest insti tution for the treatment of the Insane in the country and cost $1,500,000. SHIPS UNIQUE TRIP Voyage, Just Completed, Will Sel dom Be Duplicated. With the Opening of Panama Canal There Will Be Little Necessity for Long and Dangerous Trip Around the Horn. Philadelphia.—The three-masted full rigged ship Aryan, the last wooden ship of her type to be constructed in this country, and one of the few at present under the American flag, has arrived here from Fort Blakely, Wash., after a thrilling voyage of 150 days, in which she rounded Cape Horn. The vessel's arrival recalled the glori ous days of the clipper ship, when the fearless American skipper and his crews made the stars and stripes su preme on the seven seas. More than ordinary interest was at tached to the vessel’s arrival because of these features and because she carried a cargo of 1,000,000 feet of Oregon pine, the first to be received here in 15 years. The timber, some of It 90 feet in length and nearly two feet square, was packed solidly aboard the ship. Nearly 180,000 feet of ii was stacked on the deck. Capt. James McLachin, the captain, said the voyage was uneventful, but the log book told a different story. Two winters and three summers were met on the voyage, with four hurri canes thrown in for good measure. Lightning played its pranks on one oc casion. A mirage was seen, St. Elmo’s fire illuminated the ship, and at times she sailed through the lurid glare of seas lit with phosphorescence. A young shark was captured and his tail was attached to the bowsprit for good luck. The veseel began her long trip at eight o’clock on the morning of Octo ber 20. About twelve hours later she struck a gale, which tore off the outer bobstays. On the next day the fore upper topsail was carried away. Nature sent the crew a Christmas present when they were 66 days out. It came in the form of a mirage of a beautiful tropical Island. Everything on it was plainly visible. Despite the coolness of the weather at the time, some of the seamen say they even felt the warm wind that must have been blowing over the spot. The strangest part of the voyage THEIR LIVES FOR THE CZAR St. Petersburg. —At the reception of rural delegates recently the chief of a. rural district council delivered a con- Czar f All the Russias. gratulatory speech to the czar, which concluded as follow’s; “Believe, sire, that our lives are for you. Believe that at the first call we will rise like a thick w’all, and will sacrifice out lives like Ivan Soussaine CHILDREN FREE THE FATHER Creditor Relents When Eight Clamor for Food and Releases Debtor in New York. New York. —Louis Drucker, a ladies’ tailor of Brooklyn, owes his release from jail to the appetites and lungs of his eight children Samuel Cohen, who woa a judgment for sls against Drucker and had him sent to jail to languish for 15 days because he re fused to pay. lost the Joy of his trl- was experienced on New Year’s day. The vessel was roaring along on the edge of a hurricane. The wind from the northwest was blowing 75 miles an hour. Rain came down in sheets and the crash of thunder sounded like a battery of heavy artillery in action. Lightning flashed from the skies at frequent intervals. One bolt struck the main skysail yard and leaped in bounds from it to the upper foresail, to the lower foresail and then to the crossjack yard, which it snapped off. Second Mate William Swater was standing beneath the mainmast, j Near by stood Augustus Rose, and cabin boy Fred Hart was passing with a tray of food. The pipe which Swater was smoking was broken off at the stem by the lightning. Rose’s wood en leg was shattered and the tray of food was tossed into the sea. A pine log about 85 feet in length and about 18 inches equare was split in half as though by a saw. The last hurricane of the voyage, on January 20, tore away every sail. The vessel sprung a leak just above the water line. The Aryan was constructed 20 years ago at Phippsburg, Me. She will prob ably be the last ship from this port to make the voyage the Horn, as the opening dTTlfe PaSama -canal will sound the deathknell of such trips SAVES BABES: HELD AS THIEF Nurse Arrested on Employer’s Charge of Stealing S6OO After Rescue of His Children. New York. —After rescuing two chil dren from a burning house March 10, Mae Benlein, sixteen years old. was arrested recently on the charge of stealing S6OO worth of jewelry un touched by the flame. The charge was made by the father of the chidlren, George H. Murray, a broker. On the night of the fire, Mr. and Mrs. Murray went to a theater. They returned to find their home almost burned down and to learn that Mary Benlein had twice risked her life to save the children, and had herself been overcome by smoke. Naturally, she was acclaimed a heroine. Her sal ary was increased and she was as sured that she would be taken care of for the rest or her life. While the (a peasant w’ho is said to have saved the life of Czar Michael Romanoff in 1613 at the cost of his own) for your precious life, your family and the glory of our country. “Reign for ou. glory, reign in order to inspire fear in our enemies, oh or thodox czar!” The emperor embraced the orator amid cheers and the playing of the national hymn. MAN IN PERIL SAVED BY A BOY Holds Unconscious Man in Standing Position Between Moving Trains In New York. New York. —Henry Eilert of Moon achie, N. J., saved Victor Elsasser, also of Moonachie, from death at the Woodridge railroad station. Eilert was on a train which had started when Elsasser attempted to get on. He missed his footing and fell on the rails beside the train and was stunned. Eilert saw that an express train was coming jumped from the train, ran back and lifted the unconscious man and held him standing between the two moving trains. Farmer’s Wife Mother of 18. Stillw’ater, Okla. —A son, the eight eenth child, has been born into the home of Mr. and Mrs. George Mit chell. Sixteen of the children are living Mitchell is a prosperous farm er. umph a few hours later when Mrs. Drucker, wife of the imprisoned fath er, appeared at the Cohen home, to gether with her eight children, de manding that Cohen feed her family. She left her clamorous brood to howl at Cohen’s door. After hours of this Cohen, half in pity and half in desperation, was forced to send for bread and milk to feed the children. Driven to further discomfiture by neighbors who maliciously congratu lated him on the sudden addition to his family, Cohen finally gave in and SHUT MOTHER IN THE CLOSET Door Closed on Hor by tbs Infant Has a Spring Lock and No Inside Knob. Bellefontalne, O.—Mrs, R. W. Sooth* ard, wife of a manufacturer, was im prisoned in a closet in her home fire hoars by her two-year-old son Robert, who pushed the closet door shut. Mrs. Southard went Into the closet, under a stairway, to hang up a shawl. The baby toddled after her and shut the door, which had a spring lock. There was no knob inside the door and Mrs. Southard could not release herself. She called and tried to explain to the baby how to open the door, but the little fellow became confused. She then told the child to go to the tele phone and call his papa, which he un dertook to do. The receiver was heavy and he dropped it. thus leaving the telephone open. Worry over injury that might hap pen to the baby while she was impris oned caused Mrs. Southard to coax him near the door. With a long hat pin she somehow’ caught his clothes sufficiently to hold him so that he would not be harmed in falling down a stairway or in numerous other ways that the mother in her prison imag ined. Toword evening Mr. Southard called from his office by telephone. The tele phone operator informed him the tele phone at his home was open and that she could hear a baby crying. Hasten ing home, Mr. Southard was met by the baby, who had become released, who led him to the door of the closet. When he opened the door Mrs. South ard fell into his arms. All the closet doors in the Southard home are now being fitted with inside knobs. WANT SAFETY FOR JEWELS Theft Amounting to $300,000 Has Aroused the Anxiety of New York Dealers. New Y*ork. —Asa result of the re cent $300,000 gem robbery, the great est in many years, dealers in precious stones here have been taking stock of the defenses which safeguard the $500,000,000 worth of gems in the Maiden lane district. In consequence the public now has a better under standing than ever before of the won derful system w'hich protects this treasure against theft. Each Maiden lane concern under electrical protection is assigned a box in which is deposited a sealed en velope containing a key to the office and the signature of those authorized to open the safe. When an alarm is sounded and the key removed to gain entrance to the office a record is made and the key is again sealed by the pro prietor or sole authorized agent. A report is also submitted each w r eek showing when the signal for opening and closing the safe was re ceived, with additional data as the case requires. Thus it is seen that the burglar meets obstacles which are al most impossible to overcome. By day the protection of the Maiden lane dis trict is none the less strict, and sel dom is It that even the most clever crooks dare to venture into the section below Fulton street’s "dead iina” family was finuing anew home the girl was sent to her grandmother. A detective went to the grandmoth er’s home and looked over the girl’s .Xn'.w- A v I -v /: - Mae Benlein. things. Jewelry and clothing miss ed by her employers was found. Marry Beside Woman’s Coffin. New York. —George Helfgott, a young lawyer of this city, and Miss Viola Regine Lewis were married be side a coffin In which lay the body of the groom’s mother. The unusual procedure was in accordance with a w’ish of Mrs. Helfgott that the mar riage be performed beside her casket. Dead Man by Parcel Post. Denver. Colo. —“Here is a dead man,” said a parcel post clerk as he held up to the view of his fellow’ clerks a package nine Inches square and weighing seven pounds. It con tained the ashes of Edw’ard E. Knotts, the package being addressed to his widow at San Francisco. led the children home with the prom ise that he would get their father out of jail. He found that he could do so only by paying the costs, which amounted to 15.33. He gladly settled the bill and sent Drucker back to hi family. Hazardvllle, Conn.—Asaph Terry celebrated his eighty-fifth birthday by mowing the briars and sprouts In his hay field, driving the mowing machinf* himself. He had just finished the work when a blizzard arrived. Doorkeeper at the Capitol Stops President Wilson Washington.— Just as the day shift of the Capitol police force was about to knock off duty at dusk the other evening an automobile rolled in to the driveway, under the house steps, and a middle-aged man and a young 'oinan got out and walked briskly through the doorway. One of the officers on the door stopped them and politely gave the information that the time for receiving visitors for the day was over. For a moment the man hesitated. Then, from behind him there stepped out hurriedly a much younger man, who said something in a low voice to the officer. The latter’s manner changed immediately. He grabbed his cap from his head. and. bowing low, said: “Come right in, Mr. President.” “I just thought I would like to look over the new seats in the house,” said President Wilson with a smile. The officer led the way to the eleva tor, and they were lifted up to the next floor. They walked through the corridor, and came to the members’ lobby. There they discovered that the doors leading to the house chamber were locked. The officer buried back downstairs to the sergeant-at-arms’ office to get the key. Riskiest Deed in the Whole List of Bad Omens SHE was a pallid woman who looked as If her dyspepsia tablets had run out. And she stood behind the counter of a small homemade shop, submitting a mended umbrella to a customer with two chins and another coming. The customer, satisfied with the job. rummaged in her bag for the even change, handed it over and then, in a sudden gust of energy, emptied the bag’s insides on the counter. “Well, if 1 haven’t lost that thing at last —and I wouldn’t a-done it for a dollar!” The sympathy in the umbrella wom an’s face flushed it to an almost life like hue. “Was it your mascot?” The chin woman wasn’t up to psy chological snuff. She had to ask what a mascot was. “Why, a charm —to keep off bad luck.” The customer chuckled till the third chin took courage and asserted itself. “My soul and body, w'oman, you talk as If I hadn't cut my eye teeth. No, Indeedy, it wasn’t no charm. It was just a little chunk of quartz I been carryin’ around because my son Jim mie sent it to me to show what they dig up in the mine where he works, out west yonder. If the good Lord chooses to send me troubles there ain’t any luck charm going to stave it off. I don’t believe in no such fool ishness as that.” “You oughtener talk like that. I wouldn’t do it for the world. I know too much abut it. See this horseshoe Connecting Link Between Opposite Mentalities TWO •women board in the same house up Georgetown way. Each has her personal treasures set on walls, shelves and tables in the ‘furn ished room” that stands for her home. In one the decorations run to Rem ington sketches and Kipling. There is a winged victory on a bookcase, a couple of handed-down brass candle sticks and a squatty Chinese god that once tad its day in a museum. The walls of the other room are broken out in the rash of ‘popular art that Includes a chromo Beatrice Cenci in a walnut frame, a near en graving of “The Ironworker’’ and an other of that especially rigid George Washington with fish bladder legs. Stranger Wanted Whack at the Wire Grass Turf A LABORER was digging up the wire grass which was already asserting Itself in the new green velvet of a park up Capitol Hill way- A well dressed middle-aged man, who was passing, paused to say: “Let me have a turn at that spade, won’t you** The laborer —a white man —straight- ened up, grinned politely, but kept his spade. "Say, - hand over that shovel for a minute, son. I haven’t had a whack at HRs sort of fun for 15 years. Been Ilv. ing on the desert, where there isn’t a blade of civilized grass In a day's ride—” No good-natured laborer could pos sibly withstand an appeal like that, especially with no park guards around, so the spade was handed over. The well dressed man rammed it In the sod with an expertness that showed he had lived in 'lod’s country While this was going on Neal, the negro messenger, who sits continually outside of Speaker Clark's door, left; his post and rushed into Mr. Clarks private office “The president is outside, sir." said' Neal, excitedely “The who?” said the speaker. “The president, sir." repealed Neal “He’s right out in the corridor.” Mr. Clark went out Sure enough there was the president, and tuo speaker greeted him warmly. “Welcome to the house, said the speaker. President Wilson explained that he wanted to see the house chamber and that he and his daughter, Jessie, were especially interested in reading in the newspapers about the new bench seats which have been installed in place the lime-honored desks. By that time the officer had re turned with the key and Mr. Clark did the honors. He ushered the presi dent and his daughter Into the cham ber, told them about the new seating scheme, and invited them to try the seats. The house, with Its new seats ar ranged in semi-circles, looks not un like a vast theater. The president and Miss Wilson sat in several of them and expressed the opinion that they were very comfortable, “Well, we must go, said the prest dent. “This is just my first formal call. I’ve got to hurry back to the. White House to keep an appointment, but maybe 1 II come up again some time.” "Yes. come again.” was the parting greeting of Mr. Clark, as the president 1 and his daughter sped away again lu the White House automobile. SfWM (-SEE THfc I’m wearing? 1 wouldn't dast leave off wearing this horseshoe for any money you could name.” The customer looked at the sumptu ously rakish design of rhinestones that didn't shine, set in sliver that was tin. ‘ * Then she sized up the wearer, whose appearance suggested that she worked overtime breaking mirrors and spilling salt. “What good does it do you any more than any other breastpin?” “What good? Just listen at you! Why, it keeps me well and gets mo customers and —everything. That’s the reason so many people have trou bles. because they keep on doing un lucky things without knowing It. They walk under ladders and start things on Friday, and as to bowing to the new moon or rapping on wood or —” And a third woman, who was wait ing to have her umbrella operated on for a floating rib. wondered how the mascot devotee could reconcile herself to risking that awfulest deed in the whole list of bad omens —raising um brellas in a room. The women themselves are as op posite mentally, as the atmosphere of the room they live In. One studies. The other does fancy work. One wishes with all her soul that she was capable of doing great deeds. The other la serenely satisfied to let things go as they are. And they are such good friends that they take tea with each other, eve nings, and have friendly powwows that both honestly enjoy. None of the other boarders in the house could understand the friendli ness between two such apparently uncongenial women until a third wo man ferreted out what she believed to be the cause. Working on the principle of that early wise man, that all humanity is bound in a common chain, with its connecting link visible to any eye sharp enough to snd it. she looked the two rooms over. And she found them alike in one small detail. On the wall above each bed hung a small crucifix. It was the link between. before he took to the desert. When ba had turned over a turn of wire grass and loam he handed the spade back, offered the laborer a fat, black cigar and walked off with his face a solid pink shine of satisfaction. The laborer watched the man until he w'ound around a path. Then he tucked his cigar into the pocket of hla coat that was banging on a tree branch and went back to the wire grass And the only word ba had say was: *Qee I"