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/fy Wn.A.PADFORDfeA 1 Mr. William A. Radford will answer Questions and give advice FREE OF COST on ail subjects pertaining to the ■ußJecl of building, for the reader* of this paper On account of his wide experience as Editor. Author and Manufacturer, he Is, without doubt, the highest authority on all these subjects. Address all Inquiries to William A. Radford, No. 178 West Jackson boulevard. Chicago, 111., and only enclose two-cent stamp for reply. One of the striking features In pres ent day home building is the popular ity of the square type of houses of the Italian villa style. This has been dubbed by some “dry goods box” architecture, but nevertheless it has gained a wonderful popularity and de serves our approval, because of the simple beauty, economy and conven ience of this.style of house. This is a thoroughly modern devel opment in home architecture. It marks the other extreme from the elaborate, badly cut up houses cover ed with fret work and jig-saw orna mentation which were so popular a generation ago. The accompanying design is a very good example of this new style of home architecture. Its simple, mass ive lines possess real dignity and beauty and the square outline of the house makes it most economical to build and at the same time permit a very convenient and satisfactory ar rangement of the Interior. For a house of this size, 27 feet 6 Inches by 23 feet G inches. Just about the maximum amount of spaciousness la secured by the arrangement shown in the first floor plan The living room Is 12 by 19 feet with the dining room alcove 12 by 14 feet An open stairway ascending to the second floor occupies the end of the living room. The kitchen is just large enough to provide space for the proper culinary activities A large pantry with built- In cupboards connects kitchen and dining room, thus shutting off the kitchen effectually from the rest of the house. On the second floor there are two good sized bedrooms, each with a large clothes closet. The bath room on the second floor Is directly above the kitchen, thus making the plumb ing Installation simple and economi cal Very often architects are care less in regard to tnls matter of prop- POKCfi I /K\| 9-6 **> I rl \a/wq i" \ Ro<da4 J I /Z */? ® II \ POTZCH m= s _ .:ii First Floor Plan. erly locating the bath room fixtures with relation to the plumbing on the first floor, kitchen sink, etc. By tak ing thought, it is usually possible to arrange them all in a straight line and so simplify the p; imbing installa tion. Another point to be remem bered is that the pipes should be car ried in an inside partition wall where ever possible, for there the danger from freezing in cold weather is very much diminished. WAS NOT TRYING TO FLIRT Girl Artists Entirely Misunderstood the Action of Model Posing Before Them. In a New York studio a large class ot women and girls were sketching from a semi-nude model, a young Ital ian who was posed with his head thrown hack, his arms fantastically wreathed over his haad. and his legs extended in some sort of wild Bac chanalian caper. One young woman was sketching the model’s shoulder, when she observed that he was smil ing at her in a very familiar manner. Somewhat disconcerted to discover that she had apparently made a con quest of this guileless child of Italia, she began to sketch his knee, as more remote from the artillery of his senti mental glances. In a remote corner of the room giggling arose, and she per ceived that the smiles of the flirta tious model wer< taking effect upon some lively girls among the students. They subsided shortly, but the young Italian still continued firing off smiling glances in every direction. At about The exterior of this bouse is cement plaster on w r ood lath, a pebble dash finish being used. The second story is paneled off with broad wooden strips and solid wood brackets sup port the wide extending roof cornice, there being four brackets at each corner. Similar brackets also appear on the porch columns to support the projecting porch cornice. The exterior of this house may be colored in a number of wgys to be very beautiful and effective. One color scheme that looks very w'ell is cement plaster painted yellow and the exposed timber stained dark! ti* ->■- f y &ZD ROOM ££D ZOOM 3 I , I /O */9 /OX/-*- j ■ S I H | L ~~T I e Second Floor Plan. brown. A green slate roof goes very well with this. Another good effect Is secured by leaving the cement plaster the natural gray and staining the exposed timber work green. The interior trim is designed In harmony with the exterior. Straight lines and square corners with mould ings of very simple design are used throughout. The first floor Is finished In plain-sawe red oak and the second floor in red birch. The oak is stained for "Golden Oak" finish and is rubbed to a dull wax lustre. The second floor rooms are in the mahogany and white enameled finish, birch being the best of sll woods for It. The cost of this house, using most thorough construction and high-grade materials, is estimated at $4,000. This will Include hot water heat and light ing fixtures. This Applies to Cats. It is a fact that a lion’s or a tiger’s whiskers once taken off will never grow again. These animals shed their hair ordinarily once a year, all excep; the whiskers. The shedding depends entirely upon the climate, and there is a peculiar connection with it. Men who have taken wild animals from Asia and Africa to Europe say that they never knew a lion or a tiger or any animal of the cat species to go through the Red sea without chang ing coat. They will shed at Suakim and come out with hair fresh and glossy as silk, and yet, going through the Red sea they will shed again. No one has been able to account for it, but it is a fact, nevertheless. Had the Last Word, Anyway. The Professor (acknowledging in* troduction) —Glad to meet you, Mr. Mink. You are a distant relative. I presume— Mr. Mink —Of Mr. Beaver, Mr. Fox, Mr. Kuhn, Mr. Marten. Mr. Wolf, or Mr. Fisher, you were about to say? Not the slightest, sir. The Professor (forestalled, but ral lying gamely)—Well, you otter be! Her Mistake. "The way that woman makes up her face, makes her look so loud.” “Then why doesn’t she use noise less powder?” the center of the class was a German girl, serious to the core, absorbed in her work, and fierce in manner as a female Bismarck. Suddenly she came under the battery of the Italian’s smiles, and without an instant’s hesi tation, her voice rang out like a clar ion: ’’You schtop dat schmiling; ve don’t vant you to schmile.” The fig ure of the model relaxed instantane ously, and he stood straight as an ar row before the class, the impersona tion of offended and wrathful dignity. After an appalling silence, he remark ed. in the severest tones: “Ladies, I am here before you zimply as ze model of ze Dancing Fawn;’ ze smile goes wiz ze pose.’’ His Two Vacations. Joe had not seen Bill for a long time. “Hello. Bill," he said. “Still work ing, I see.” “Yes. Joe, but I am getting a little wabbly. I’ve had only two vacations in 37 years, Joe —once to undergo a surgical operation and the other rime in order to buy a lot in the cam tery.”—lndianapolis News. Farmers’ Educational fjjn and Co-Operative Union of America Matters Especial Moment to ** the Progressive Agriculturist Consultation is better than dictar tlon. Success results from believing in possibilities. Speaking of the profits crop, the milk and feed scales help to grow It. The man who relies on luck dinea on tomorrow and sups on yesterday. Experience is the only hired man that never does anything without pay. The small co-operative thresher to the dairy community is gaining popu larity. _ He who never takes a day off doesn’t have the proper estimate of the true value of a day. The ordinary farmer always feels proud of his team when he passes an automobile with a “busted tire. When you take the boy to the cir cus, let mother and the girls go along too to help keep him out of danger. Turning the grindstone in the hot sun generally turns a boy’s thoughts to the cool, dim aisles of the stores in the city. Sometimes little leaks lead to large ones. w r hich eventually turn profit into loss. It Is the successful man who looks after the leaks. You may be able to bank on your friends, but you will always find that a balance in the bank is more de pendable whenever you need cash. LOWER PRICE OF PRODUCTS By Wise and State-Wide Co-operation Farmer Might Get Much More Than at Present. The cost of living and the prices paid the farmer are both higher than ever before, so we are told almost daily by our observant newspapers. Perhaps both propositions are true, trays the Utah Farmer. We live in a prosperous age, and we should expect to pay more for our living. If the prices paid the farmer for his prod ucts had not gone up, the farmer would have had to go out of business or else submit again to the slavery of feudal conditions. However, it is not the farmer who has made the prices of foodstuffs soar. For most crops the farmer still Is content to accept what he is of fered. Someone else fixes his prices for him and for the consumer and someone reaps a rich harvest from the difference between the cost price and the retail price. The middleman has his place. The farmer has no quarrel with him. If there should be too many middlemen, the surplus are invited to become farmers. We have room and to spare. The farmers, however, are beginning to tire of methods of distribution, whereby the selling prices of his prod ucts are fixed for him by men who have little or no interest in his prob lems. In no other business is It done. Shortly he will refuse to submit to it. By a wise co-operation of a state-wide nature, not anarchistic but construc tive; the farmer could regulate the. prices of his own products. He might not get much more than he does now, but it probably would be more steady from year to year, and undoubtedly It would reduce largely the cost to the ultimate consumer. This is one way by which the high cost of living can be reduced, and also by which the man of the city and the man of the country can become acquainted and help each other. WHAT CO-OPERATOIN MEANS If Widely Extended and Wisely Man aged It Would Give the Producer Great Profits. Cold storage is an evil only when controlled by dishonest men; properly conducted it equalizes values, regu lates the supply of food products that conform to supply and provide the steady market and consequently greater profits and more satisfaction to the producer. Co-operation among farmers, if widely extended and wisely managed would do the same thing. It would prevent the rushing of crops to mar ket wlien prices are low, provide capital to hold them, prevent ruinous competition, reduce the cost of selling and prevent losses through the mid dleman. During a period last year when the receipts of eggs at Chicago and other large cities were exceptionally heavy, retail prices not only remained high but actually advanced. Farmers rushed their eggs to market, accepting the prices which offered, which of course constantly declined at the initial market, and were thus losers to the extent of hundreds of thou sands of dollars. How? Because speculators, know ing the weakness of farmers to sell on a falling market, bought all the eggs tnat were offered and placed them in cold storage. In Chicago alonv. at one time there were 72.000,000 dozen eggs In storage which had been taken off the market in order to force retail prices higher. The same methods were observed In all the other big markets, though no figures were given out to show the total number stored. Oyster Shells for Fowls. The proper way to feed oyster shell Is to have a small box of It within reach, so the fowls toa/ help them selves at will. Mixing it in the morn ing mash is risky, as there la a like lihood that the hens will consume more than is required, and in conse quence the shells of the eggs would become too hard. The hens know best when their system demands more lime. It is a very rare case when a hen gets too much if con stantly within reach. TWO TYPES OF COUNTRY LIFE Easy Matter to Distinguish Between Real Man and the Drone —Both Had Equal Chances. j To the officers and jnembers of the onion: A farmer driving to the city with a load of cotton, produce or on some errand is stqfek by the general neat ness of some cottage, probably the home of a workingman. Flowers bloom In the yard, well-kept grass grows on the lawn, the fences are neat and painted, and there Is an air of distinction about the place. Too say, “A sober, honest, industrious man must live there.”' Next door is a dirty, unkempt place, cans and trash in the yard, fence falling down, and a general atmosphere of unkemptness. You say, “A shiftless, drinking, no ac count chap lives there.” But how much more noticeable these things are out In the broad, open country, where the air is sweet, the sunshine free of smoke and the stench and filth of a great city. You drive along a country road, and come to a farm. Distinction marks it in a hundred little ways. The fences are all up, and no rotting or tumbling rails are seen; the fence corners are free of bushes, briers and weeds; the ditches are clean-cut, with no wide hedge of rank weeds grow ing along either side, and the land cultivated close up; the stumps and rocks are out of the fields. Even the rows and appearance of the fields themselves show the thrifty care of inteligent application. Presently you come to the house. Flowers grow in the yards, which are clean and well-kept, with a neatly graveled walk leading up to the front porch. Barns and out-houses are in good repair, and no rusting farm tools or machinery cluter yards or barn lot. And you know without a question that here a real man lives, a man that will do to trust, a business man; he pays his obligations, and, moreover, is a real neighbor and a helpful one. You will generally find, too, that he la thoughtful of his wife, daughters and sons, that the boys want to stick to the farm because dad Is all right and he made a good living out of It. So you drive on, and directly get a shock. You come to a place with the fences down, corners growing up in weds; land washed for lack of prop er drainage; stunted, weedy stuff struggling to survive in the fields. No paling surround the house, no flowers grow in it, but a litter of every sort of thing encumbers it. The roof of the stable and barn are leaky, the doors propped up, rusting farm tools and machinery stand about corroding in the weather. Four or five laxy. hounds sleep about the door or yard, and everything about is desolate and depressing. You will find without query that a shiftless, indolent, pur poseless, don’t-care man lives there. He couldn’t get a cent of credit from anybody without security. His wife is a hopeless drudge, with just energy enough to crawl about; his daughters run away and marry at the first oppor tunity, and his boys go to town or away from as they are big enough to know en&gh to leave. Up end down this nation 1 have traveled, and I have seen both types everywhere, and I have never made inquiries yet that I did not confirm my views between the two —the hust ler and the drone. And often, two, both men have equal chance in so far su, productivity of the land goes. I see in my travels something in this connection that makes me hope ful. The first named class is getting more numerous, and the last-named fewer and fewer. Of course, we will probably always have the don’t-care farmer, but his class is vanishing at a gratifying rate, to be replaced by alert, hard-working farmers who realize that farming is a profession, calling for high intelligence and com mon sense. And as tn a profession of farming be comes higher and better, you will see a powerful and a contented nation. C. S. BARRETT. Union City, Ga. Planting Peach Trees. There is not much difference in re sults between fall and spring planting of peach trees if planted early enough in the spring. We plant any time dur ing the winter when the ground is in condition, says a’ writer in an ex change. In planting I don’t want a tree too deep, only one or two Inches deeper than it stood in the nursery. I want the roots in natural soil and not in the subsoil. I like a strong tree and cut it back to a swatch. If we have a large tree we necessarily destroy many roots in taking the tree up and must then remove a large part of the top to restore the natural balance of root and leaf surface. Cotton Seed Cake. Cold pressed cottonseed cake pos sesses a high feeding value, and with corn and corn stover gave larger daily gains than any combination of feeds at the Nebraska station. This was shown in a test for economical beei production. Keep Progressing. If you are a dairyman keep up with the times. Keep growing, keep on reading, keep improving. Plan Ahead. If you have your plans all nicely worked out beforehand. It will make your day’s work easier. Fruit Trees. Usually know their business better than orchardista do. Therefore, if they show a disposition to begin bear ing, humor them and they will thank you for it by plenty of fruit. Helping Potatoes. The harrowing of the potato patch need not waft nntil the plants are through the ground. Keeping the sur face loose helos *hem to get through. HINDUS WORK WITH TOES Natives of India Use Feet to Assist Them in Various Labors. Annam, India.—Manual skill is con fined to no particular quarter of the globe, but the ability cleverly to han dle the toes in various industrial pur suits is to be found only among the Hindus. In the native quarters of many towns of India It is no uncom mon sight to behold a butcher seize a, piece of meat in his hands and cut It in two with a stroke of a knife held between the first and second toes. Sometimes the Indian shoemaker uses no last, but turns the unfinished shoe with his feet, while his hands are busily engaged in shaping it. Then, too, the carpenter holds with his great toe the board he is cutting; and the wood turner handles his tools as skillfully with his toes as he does with his fingers. Scientific men w ? ho have given this j matter study assure us that the use of the feet and toes as aids to the hands i and fingers in labor is not the result of mere practice. Some authorities i venture to suggest that the skillful use of the toes by Hindus is due to | the fact that the Indian foot is quite Typical* Hindu Family. different from the western foot In anatomical conformation. It appears that the Hindu ankle and the articu lation of the back of the foot permit of considerable lateral motion. Also the toes possess an extraordinary mo bility; the great toe can be moved freely in all directions, and the first and second toes are separated by a wide space, sometimes as much as five-eighths of an inch across at the base of the toes and two inches at their extremities. Furthermore, the Hindu hip articu lation is peculiar, a circumstance that makes easier the use of the toes in handling objects, since the Hindu may sit in a squatting posture much more comfortably than the Occidental. Among the natives of Annam there is found a similar formation of the feet and toes; but this is not, as might naturally be supposed, a common thing among barbarous and savage tribes. Nothing quite similar, for' in stance, Is found among the American Indian tribes, the negroes, the Fue gians or the Arabs. The toe facility of the Hindu natur ally brings to mind also the cleverness of the monkey in the handling of its toes; but the investigators point out that the Hindu foot bears no resem blance to the foot of an ape or a mon key. The great toe is not opposed to the others like a thumb, as in the case of the mbnkey. So the pedal dexterity of the Indian native is not to be regarded as an indication of Simian descent. TO BUILD AIRSHIP DESTROYER Colonel Cody, the American Airman, Plans One to Guard the English Coast. London. —Col. S. F. Cody, the Amer ican airman, who has become a natur alized English subject, is preparing to build an airship destroyer, compar able with a torpedo boat destroyer, to protect England against possible invasion by foreign airships. He said recently: ‘ My idea is to have an airship de stroyer in the same w>ay as you have a torpedo boat destroyer at sea. I have ordered a machine of 500 horse power It is difficult to predict ex actly what an aeroplane of that size will do, but I expect it to be capable of lifting and carrying 2,500 pounds. Its highest speed would be some where between 75 and 90 miles an hbur "The machine to which the engine is to be fitted will be a Cody biplane of the same type as the one that gained the war office prize of $25,000. It will be designed so as to be cap able of guarding the air over England against invasion by foreign airships. It will be able to rise above them and to fly around to attack them from any point.” Sold Gold Coins for Brass. Scranton. Pa. —Five boys offered $lO and S2O gold pieces on the streets of that city for 25 cents each. When searched by the police the youths’ pockets produced over SSOO in gold coins. w r hich they admitted taking from the cellar of a house formerly occupied by Peter J. Scanlon, a miser. The boys thought the coins were brass medals. Runaway Boy Held for Murder. Meridian, Conn. —Harold B. Page, nineteen years old, is a prisoner at Julesburg, Colo., charged with the murder of his chuns, Harold Ford, sev enteen years old. Ford's body was found'with the throat cut some ago after the lads run away from home to join the army and go to the Mexican frontier. His "Basket of Beer” Noisy. York, Pa. —The squawk of a stolen Plymouth Rock hen from a “basket of beer” sent Max Klineman to jail for thirty days. Klineman assured an in quisitive policeman the basket con tained bottled goods, but an unlucky protest on the part of the hen queer ed his game Two Mistakes. London. —An American tourist mis took the German embassy for a hotel, and walked in, seeing the king and queen arrive for dinner. The servants mistook the stranger for a detective SECRETARY BRYAN JOKES OF OFFICE .. William Jennings Bryan Is heartllj enjoying his new position as secretary Southern club of Chicago, which enter tained the colonel. Is telling a numbei ‘Tm beginning to think.” he contin ued, his eyes twinkling, “that it would be a good thing to appoint onl> Repub licans to offices In the diplomatic service. I might manage to get enough Republicans out of the United States to Insure Democratic success at the polls four years from now.” Mr. Bryan, as is known. Is never averse to telling jokes on himself. In fact, he seems to make it a point to get an audience to laugh with him over something that happened to himself. “The reason President Wilson put me In the cabinet is because he needed a shaker of hands,” confided Mr, Bryan. “He knew I had probably shaken more hands ■with less effect than any other man In the country. “This Democratic victory has rather revolutionized things in the Com moner office. I told ray staff the other day that we would have to make a radical change in our editorials. As long as the paper had existed it had criticised administrations. It was now going to turn squarely around and support one.” NEW HEAD OF NAVIGATION BUREAU Secretary Daniels has appointed . Commander Victor Blue of South Carolina to be chief of the bureau of navigation, navy department, In place of Capt. Philip Andrews, resigned. The Incumbent of that office has the rank and pay of a rear admiral. Before the navy personnel had navigation bureau. Secretary Daniels issued a fresh order that will have IP" IP V* f far-reaching consequences. That H, & . / makes sea service an absolute condi tion for promotion. It took the form Jl of an Instruction to the naval exam “ That officers coming up for pro mption shall have had sufficient sea '"1 In beyond doubt that they are fully qualified and experienced at sea to perform the sea duties of the next higher grade." The new r chief of the bureau of navigation has had a conspicuous career in the navy. During the Spanish war Commander Blue was promoted for hercfsm as a result of daring reconnoitering tours around Santiago to locate the enemy’s fleet. Later he was commended for conspicuous gallantry while commanding the gunboat Alvarado. During the past two years he has been on duty with the general board in this city. Captain Andrews probably will be given command of a battleship. BACK TO FARM IS PLAN OF MOORE j 1 " Willis L. Moore, chief of the t weather bureau, whose resignation, to take effect July 31. has been accepted by the president, broke winter camp in the Powhatan hotel the other day and supposedly started on a hike to his Rockville home. A large and profitable estate Id owned by the chief of the woatber bureau near Rockville. That he will devote his attentions to this and his Virginia place is generally expected. Professor Moore is a native of Scranton. Pa., where ho was born January 18. 1856. At the age of eight I he supplied them with newspapers. A He was educated in the Bingham ton public schools, and science seem ed to be his strong point. However, he didn’t take It up as soon as he ■ 1 came a compositor and later a reporter on one of the Binghamton papers, and then went to Burlington, lowa, where he continued to do newspaper work. In 1886, at Closter. N. J., he married Miss Mary Lozier Norwich Uni versity in 1896 gave him the degree of LL.D., and In the same year the Uni versity of St. Lawrence made him a doctor of science. Before this was done, however, he had joined the weather bureau forces, which were then a part of the United States signal corps, and began watching the clouds and the sun and other meteorological adjuncts of the earth. He rose in the weather bureau to be local forecast official at Chicago, IS9I-94. Since 1895 he has been chief of the central bureau at Washington. McADOO SUGGESTS USE OF MAIL The United States mail is tug gested by William G. McAdoo, eecre- ,d^TrffwTsh^ tary of the treasury, as the best means of applying for a job in his W department of the federal govern ment. Driven almost to distraction £ by the rush of the hungry to his pie counter during the first days he was \ in office, he slipped back the other W f night to New York as a haven of j l refuge from the mob. Mr. McAdoo | • $ ; returned the next morning sufflclertly ‘VH rested and refreshed, but the army of- \ Job hunters also had a good rest in | , i ' 1 Washington during his absence, and . ' Jy j ' . they swarmed about him thicker than / ; *lk, ever. X. Mr. McAdoo, in desperation, gave , .'Jfe out this statement: A T* j “Without any disposition to be • disobliging, I am compelled to discon tinue my efforts to receive personal applications for office. I have tried J It for ten days and I find that it consumes my entire time and leaves me no chance to attend to important public business. Besides. It is absolutely futile, because none but a superman could remember at the end of a day every one who has poured a story into bis ear. “While I fully appreciate and sympathize with the very natural and proper desire of those who are seeking places, nevertheless, it should bo made clear to them that nothing Is to be gained by haste. Ample time is going to be taken to consider all applications. “Applications should be made In writing and mailed to the secretary o€ the treasury They will be filed and receive much more careful kt than if pressed in person.